Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted by number of followers
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Land and Rural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Invertebrate Reproduction & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Italian Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EU Agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Apicultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Approaches to Extension Practice : A Journal of Agricultural Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agriculture System     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social and Natural Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Organic Farming     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
International Letters of Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access  
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Journal of Citrus Pathology     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite     Open Access  
Scientia Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Fave : Sección ciencias agrarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales     Open Access  
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
World Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Nativa     Open Access  
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
West African Journal of Applied Ecology     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Research and Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Information Processing in Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Ceiba     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
The Agriculturists     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Journal of Arid Land     Hybrid Journal  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems     Open Access  
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Bioagro     Open Access  
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Ciencia e Investigación Agraria     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Agriculture
Number of Followers: 15  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2356-654X - ISSN (Online) 2314-7539
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Economic Potentials and Use Dynamics of Sorghum Food System in Ethiopia:
           Its Implications to Resolve Food Deficit

    • Abstract: Agriculture continues to be vital to Africa’s future in both spatial and temporal contexts. Nonetheless, the sector keeps on confronting production challenges as a result of frequent and extended droughts, and these necessitate the use of drought-resistant crops such as sorghum. This review initiates one of the most common food grains grown in the poorest countries and the most food-insecure regions of the nation. We used deductive logical reasoning to develop a comprehensive scientific understanding of the crop that can be used to inform future research and policies. Various exclusion and inclusion criteria were used to filter the most prominent findings. Sorghum has the highest utility for its climatic adaptability and has grown for multiple purposes: From staple to industrial outcomes, its economic, social value, and health outcomes, and for animal silage. It is a gluten-free crop, has high nutritive value, and is preferred by healthy consumers. It is among the top five cereal crops worldwide in both production and acreage. This has necessitated the development of coping measures, such as the cultivation of drought-tolerant crops suitable for the affected areas. Therefore, this crop is used to ensure productivity, food security, and availability of food when other crops fail and food deficit and famine are affected in the region. This will contribute to the ongoing discussion on how to better inform private and public sector policy and investments in Ethiopia to increase sorghum and other drought-tolerant crop production, transform agriculture, improve nutrition, and food systems, and end hunger, food insecurity, and poverty.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Sep 2022 13:05:01 +000
  • Effect of Blended NPSB and Nitrogen Application rates on Growth, Yield,
           and Yield Components of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at Gitilo Dale
           Research Site of Wallaga University, Western Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a very important cereal crop widely produced and consumed in almost all parts of Ethiopia. However, due to abiotic and biotic stresses, its productivity is low as compared to the world average. Among these, soil fertility and unbalanced application of plant nutrients are the major constraints that limit the productivity of the crop in sub-Saharan African countries especially Ethiopia. As a result, an experiment was carried out at the Gitilo Dale Research Site of Wallaga University to determine the combined impact of blended NPSB and urea fertilizers on the growth, yield, and yield-related variables of bread wheat. The experiment used a factorial-arranged in randomized full block design with two factors with four levels each: NPSB (0, 100, 150, and 200 kg·ha−1) and nitrogen (urea) (0, 31.1, 71.65, and 112.2 kg·ha−1) (RCBD). With three replications, there were sixteen treatments. A test crop of the bread wheat variety liben (ETBW 5653) was grown. The phonological and growth parameters of bread wheat were significantly affected by NPSB and nitrogen applications as well as their interactions except for days to 50% emergence. The primary and interaction impacts of NPSB and nitrogen rates affected the yield and all of its constituents, except the number of kernels per spike. The application of 200 kg·ha−1 NPSB plus 112.2 kg·ha−1 nitrogen treatment resulted in the highest above-ground biomass production of bread wheat (12481.00 kg·ha−1), grain yield of 5182.51 kg·ha−1, and a straw yield of 7298.40 kg·ha−1. Hence, to maximize the yield of bread wheat, applying 200 kg·ha−1 of chemically blended NPSB with 112.2 kg·ha−1 nitrogen is recommended rather than applying any straight and complex fertilizers having only macronutrients.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 12:05:01 +000
  • Effect of Tuber Size and Intra-Row Spacing on the Yield and Quality of
           Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Varieties

    • Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at Nono Benja District from December 2013 to May 2014 under irrigation to assess the response of different sizes of seed tubers and intra-row spacing on the yield and quality of potato varieties. The treatments consisted of a factorial combination of two varieties (Jalenie and Gudenie): five levels of tuber size (20–35, 36–50, 51–65, 66–80, and 81–95 g) and five levels of intra-row spacing (20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 cm). The treatments were arranged in a split-split plot design (variety on main plot, intra-row spacing on subplot, and tuber size on sub-sub plot) with three replications. There were significant interaction effects of variety, intra-row spacing, and tuber size () on plant height, number of main stems per plant, average tuber weight, tuber number per plant, total tuber yield, marketable tuber yield, unmarketable tuber yield, large tuber mean yield, medium tuber mean yield, and small tuber mean yield. Variety of tuber size and intra-row spacing was also influenced by dry matter content and tuber specific gravity. The interaction effect of intra-row spacing and seed tuber size was significantly () influenced by the number of days to emergence. The day to flowering was also significantly () influenced by the interaction effect of variety and intra-row spacing. The maximum plant height (80.38 cm) was recorded with variety Gudenie with a tuber size of 66–80 g and planted at an intra-row spacing of 35 cm. The maximum (9.79) number of main stems was recorded in variety Jalenie with a tuber size of 81–95 g and planted at intra-row spacing of 40 cm. The maximum of total tuber yields (24.84 to/ha) was recorded from Jalenie variety with tuber size 66–80 g and planted at intra-row spacing of 25 cm. The maximum (10.18 t/ha) larger tuber was recorded with variety Gudenie with a tuber size of 66–80 g and planted at 25 cm. Variety Jalenie with tuber size of 66–80 g and planted at 25 cm produced the maximum (8.04 t/ha) medium-sized tubers. The maximum small tuber (8.59 t/ha) was recorded from both varieties with intra-row spacing of 20 cm and tuber size 81–95 g. Variety Gudenie planted at intra-row spacing of 40 cm gave higher (19.98%) dry matter content, and variety Gudenie with a tuber size of 66–80 g gave higher (20.61%) dry matter content. The higher (1.077) tuber specific gravity was obtained with variety Gudenie planted at intra-row spacing of 35 and 40 cm, and the higher (1.074) tuber specific gravity was registered with variety Gudenie with a tuber size of 66–80 g and/or 81–95 g and planted at intra-row spacing of 40 cm. The study needs in-depth investigation by repeating in multilocations with more seasons, varieties, processing quality, and other agronomic practices of the crop to reach a conclusive recommendation. The result of this research was presented to Jimma University since 2015.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 12:05:01 +000
  • Diversity of Ethiopian Durum Wheat Landraces for Resistance to Stem Rust
           Seedling Resistance Genes

    • Abstract: Stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt) is one of the most important diseases of wheat worldwide. Breeding for resistance to diseases is the most important approach for mitigation of yield losses. This study was conducted to estimate the diversity of all stage stem rust resistance (ASR) genes on the 142 durum wheat landrace accessions at seedling stage. The study was conducted in greenhouse at Ambo Plant Protection Research Center on the 142 durum wheat landrace accessions using 20 differential lines, one susceptible line (McNair), and eight Pgt races. The result depicted the presence of Sr7b, Sr8a, Sr9b, Sr10, Sr11, Sr13, Sr17, Sr30, Sr31, Sr36, and SrTmp in the Ethiopian durum wheat accessions. Among the 142 durum wheat accessions, 83 accessions were identified for possessing single ASR genes, and four accessions including the universal susceptible line (McNair) did not have effective resistance genes to the pathogen races tested in this study. The remaining 55 accessions had either a combination of two resistance genes, unknown number and kind of genes, or unidentified genes displaying resistance across all the pathogen races. This study demonstrated the prevalence of significant genetic diversity for stem rust ASR genes in the Ethiopian durum wheat landraces.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Sep 2022 14:35:01 +000
  • Status of Agricultural Mechanization in Ghana: Insight from Farmers’
           Perception, Population, and Nonagricultural Sector Growth

    • Abstract: The growing human population is a driver for higher food demands with a need to scale agricultural production and maintain security of the food supply chain. Thus, there is a need to increase the adoption and improvement of mechanized systems in agriculture, especially where needed labor is also drifting into nonagricultural production sectors. With this view, the relationship or link between population and employment in nonagricultural sector in Ghana (West Africa) to agricultural mechanization was tested to ascertain any such validity. This formed the primary basis for this study and furthered on to establish the current level of agricultural mechanization within the country through measuring effect of available farm energy sources on farm sizes under cultivation. The methods employed included a structured questionnaire administered to farmers and other agricultural stakeholders to determine the level of mechanization, readiness to adopt/accept mechanization technology, level of usage of mechanization technologies, and ownership of machinery. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 20) software was used to model and analyze data obtained including a multiple regression method for the relationship between parameters. The overall level of agricultural mechanization in Ghana was found to be very low with 77.6% of the farm operations being performed manually. The level of the tractor power availability in Ghana was found to have increased from 0.0207 kW/ha in the year 2004 to 0.0588 kW/ha in the year 2020 and is expected to increase to 0.0752 kW/ha in the year 2025. The power availability valued in this study was also found to be low compared with that in other developing countries. Statistically, both employment in the service sector and population growth were significant determinants () in the variations in the level of mechanization of agriculture in Ghana and policymakers will have to make adjustments in policies to take note of these indicators most often underplayed. Advocacy for higher levels of mechanization of agricultural operations must increase as it is critical to the overall cost of production in agriculture as this study also found out that mechanized operations were between 21.3% and 53.8% cheaper than manual operations.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Sep 2022 13:20:02 +000
  • Performance Evaluation of Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp.) Variety
           for Registration in the Lowland Areas of Ethiopia

    • Abstract: There were few released pigeon pea varieties in Ethiopia. This study was primarily conducted to diversify the availability of varieties, thus addressing socioeconomic cross-cutting issues. From eight pigeon pea genotypes after continuous evaluation, one variety, including the local check, was promoted with the objectives of evaluating the agronomic performance and registering a new variety in lowland areas of Ethiopia. The study was carried out during the main rain seasons of 2018-2019 to enhance pigeon pea productivity in the study area. A plot size of 10 meters by 10 meters was used in six locations. The spacing between rows and plants was 1.2 and 0.5 meters, respectively. Accordingly to the simple descriptive statistics, there were variabilities in the studied traits among the tested pigeon pea genotypes. The yield advantage of 39% was recorded for the test variety, Ashenafi (ICEAP00554), over the local check, which gave an opportunity to select the best-adapted material for the test and similar agroecologies. From the current study, an average yield of 1.83 t/ha was recorded across locations for a candidate variety, Ashenafi (ICP00554). The grain yield of the local cultivar had a mean of 1.04 t/ha. As a variety, Ashenafi (ICP00554) took the shortest duration to 75% flowering and 90% maturity (115 days and 171 days), respectively. In contrast, the local cultivar (Humbo local) took a long duration to 75% flowering and 90% maturity (164 days and 221 days), respectively. As a variety, Ashenafi (ICP00554) had superior performance over the local cultivar in terms of grain yield and earliness for flowering and maturity. Based on the overall performance, Ashenafi (ICP00554) was selected and registered. Therefore, this variety is recommended to popularize and thereby enhance pigeon pea production.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Sep 2022 17:50:02 +000
  • An Overview of Status and Development Trend of Aquaculture and Fisheries
           in Nepal

    • Abstract: Although Nepal is a landlocked country, it has abundant water resources that enhance its potential for fisheries and aquaculture activities. But, only a few percentages of the total water resources have been utilized properly. Despite a satisfactory growth in pond fish production over the last 15 years with 73,693 Mt. of fish produced in the fiscal year 2020/21, there has not been much significant advancement in the fisheries sector as expected. Some of the major challenges encountered by farmers are lack of technical knowledge, lack of capital, scarcity of good quality fingerlings, quality feed, diseases, and lack of good market infrastructure. We recommend government authorities to address the problems as aquaculture and fisheries are important sectors that contribute to nutrition for rural people and employment opportunities for many individuals.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Sep 2022 05:35:01 +000
  • Impact of Improved Forage Technology Adoption on Dairy Productivity and
           Household Income: A Propensity Score Matching Estimation in Northern

    • Abstract: Adoption of improved forage technologies remains to be one of a promising strategy to boost dairy productivity and enhance household income in many developing countries. However, there are limited rigorous impact evaluation studies on the contributions of such technologies on smallholder dairy productivity and household welfare. This paper examined the impact of improved forage technologies use on smallholder dairy productivity and farm household income in Northern Ethiopia. In this study, a cross-sectional survey design and a multistage stratified sampling procedure were employed. Primary data for the study were obtained from a random sample of 319 rural households, 128 of which are improved forage technology users and the rest are nonusers. The research employed the propensity score matching (PSM) procedure to determine the causal relationship between adoption of improved forage technologies and changes in milk yield and farm household income. Results from PSM revealed that households using improved forage technologies have increased the household milk yield (productivity) by 29.32% and farm income (welfare) by 19.56%. Higher milk yield and annual farm income were compared to those households not using such technologies. Our findings highlight the importance of promoting multiple improved forage technologies among rural smallholder’s dairy producers. Considering this potential, it is suggested that improved forage technology generation, dissemination, and adoption interventions be strengthened for optimum milk production and to attain optimum income under the smallholder farmers’ dairy production system. Moreover, the linkage among research, extension, universities, and farmers needs to be enhanced through facilitating a multistakeholder’s innovation platform.
      PubDate: Mon, 19 Sep 2022 15:20:02 +000
  • Evaluation of Two Estrus Synchronization Protocols on Estrus Response,
           Conception, and the Kidding Rate during Lower Breeding Season for Abergele
           Goat in Northern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Reproductive technologies are applied to accelerate genetic progress and enhance the reproductive performance of various livestock species. The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of pregnant mare serum gonadotropins (PMSGs) and prostaglandin (PGF2α) hormones on the oestrus response, conception rate, and kidding rate during the lower breeding season of the Abergele goat breed. A total of 77 Abergele does (25 for PMSG and 52 for PGF2α protocols) were used for the experiment. Experimental animals were allowed to graze (does) for approximately 8 hours and (bucks) for approximately 4 hours, followed by supplementation with a mixture of 300 to 350 g cowpea hay and wheat bran per day. For PMSG-treated does, a vaginal sponge impregnated with progesterone hormone was inserted and stayed for 12 days. After the removal of the vaginal sponge, 2 ml (400 IU) of PMSG hormone was injected for 25 does and allowed to be mated by selected bucks after 48 hours. While a single injection of PGF2α hormone was administered for 52 does and allowed for mating after 48 hours of hormone administration. The PMSG and PGF2α protocols resulted in estrus responses of 96% and 86.5%, respectively. The conception and kidding rates of does administered with the PGF2α protocol were better, with values of 57.7% and 55.8%, respectively. From the result, it was concluded that Abergele does were better responsive to both prostaglandins and gonadotropin-based protocols in inducing estrus, which can be used as an alternative approach for the improvement of the reproductive performance of goats. However, for the reason of better conception efficiency, kidding rate, and ease of application, the PGF2α protocol was found to be better responsive and effective for synchronizing Abergele does during the lower breeding season.
      PubDate: Mon, 19 Sep 2022 15:20:02 +000
  • A Critical Review of Croton as a Multipurpose Nonedible Tree Plant for
           Biodiesel Production towards Feedstock Diversification for Sustainable

    • Abstract: Oil demand has risen steadily due to the growing industrialization and modernization of the world. In addition to rising costs, the supply of fossil fuels is also declining. These and many other concerns couple with food shortages have drawn attention of scientists to a substitute fuel that is generated from feedstocks that can be renewed. Biodiesel as an alternative fuel with a lot of expectations is produced using edible grown conventional vegetable oils such as sunflower, rapeseed, palm, and soybean. The production of biodiesel from edible oils has, meanwhile, worsened the existing competitiveness of oil used for food and fuel. Emphasis on using nonedible feedstock is currently guided by research to discover more potential nonedible feedstock such as croton. Differences between perceptions and facts about these nonedible oils necessitate efforts to diversify feedstocks into sources that can warrant the production of energy without impacting on the security of food. Croton is a multipurpose evergreen plant that is nonedible and is commonly present and cultivated under environmental and socio-economic conditions, which are complex in nature. This plant, referred to as a golden tree, has various uses including fuels, medicinal, ornamentals, dyes, feed, enriching of soil, and afforestation. This research was therefore carried out to investigate the multipurpose use croton. Among the highlighted areas include croton (feedstock) used for biodiesel, the necessity for croton seed oil and its value chain, the process for the modifying croton oil to biodiesel, factors that influence the production of biodiesel, the application of croton biodiesel in engines for efficiency and emission characteristics, and prospects for croton biodiesel.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Sep 2022 14:20:01 +000
  • Plant Growth Promoting and Abiotic Stress Tolerant Chickpea (Cicer
           arietinum L.) Rhizobial Isolates from Some Areas of South Wollo Zone,

    • Abstract: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) is an important pulse crop prized for its high protein content and is grown as a food source worldwide, including Ethiopia. However, the yield of chickpea is low due to low soil fertility and the ever-changing abiotic stresses. Therefore, this study aimed at isolation, characterization, and selection of chickpea rhizobia effective in their nitrogen fixation and abiotic stress tolerance potential. As a result, 150 nodule samples were collected from three districts of chickpea-producing areas in South Wollo. The nodules were crushed, and the rhizobia were isolated and characterized by using standard microbiological procedures. Based on the presumptive tests conducted, 103 (68.7%) of the rhizobial isolates were tentatively categorized as Rhizobium species. Regarding phosphate solubilization, only 48 (46.7%) solubilized phosphate with a solubilization index ranging from 2.1 to 2.7 mm. Twenty-four (50%) of the isolates were found to be hydrogen cyanide producers. Among the rhizobial isolates tested under greenhouse conditions, 37 (77.1%) of them induced nodulation on their host plant (chickpea). Their symbiotic effectiveness evaluation test confirmed that 16(47.1%), 6(17.6%), 26.47%, and 3(8.8%) were highly effective, effective, low effective, and ineffective, respectively. Of the authenticated rhizobial isolates, 12 (35.5%) of them, including WuCR-15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 30, 31, 32, 36, 38, and 48, accumulated higher shoot dry matter than the positive control. Isolates WuCR- 11, 17, and 36 showed resistance to low and high extreme abiotic stresses of pH, temperature, and salt. Consequently, rhizobial isolates, WuCR- 11, 17, and 36, which were effective and competent in all the tested parameters, were recommended as good rhizobial candidates for applications under greenhouse and field conditions.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Sep 2022 16:50:03 +000
  • Precision Irrigation Scheduling Based on Wireless Soil Moisture Sensors to
           Improve Water Use Efficiency and Yield for Winter Wheat in Sub-Saharan

    • Abstract: In Sub-Saharan Africa, where most irrigation systems are manually operated, water allocation and irrigation scheduling are often based on uniform application irrespective of crop needs and growth stages, which results in nonoptimal water use. Recently, a lot of research has been carried out to improve irrigation water use efficiency through automation by employing wireless sensor-based monitoring systems. Further to the improvement of water use efficiency and yield, while reducing costs, a field trial was carried out at a farm in Harare, Zimbabwe, during the 2016, 2017, and 2018 winter seasons to test whether a new approach to the automated irrigation systems, one based on IoT and wirelessly connected soil sensors (called hereafter as WCSS), improves water use efficiency without reducing yield. WCSS method was compared with three widely used conventional irrigation methods, that is, manual scheduling, tensiometer-based scheduling, and weather-based scheduling. Impacts on water savings and yield of winter wheat crops under drip irrigation were evaluated. WCSS saved up to 25% more water compared to typical fixed irrigation schedule rates used by wheat growers during the winter season.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Sep 2022 15:35:00 +000
  • Impact of Climate Change on Cereal Crops Production in Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Climate change adversely affected agricultural productivity in developing countries. This study aimed to explore the effects of this climate change, particularly on cereal crops production in Ethiopia. The study employed Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model approach to the co-integration with an error correction term. ARDL technique was selected due to its stationarity assumption and unbiased estimates of its long-run coefficients. The estimated model justifies the existence of a long-run relationship between cereal crops production, climate change variables (temperature and precipitation), and other explanatory variables. Precipitation has a positive and significant effect on cereal crops production both in the long and short runs, while temperature change has a significant negative effect. In the long run, cereal crops production was positively and significantly affected by arable land, fertilizer consumption, and carbon dioxide emissions, while in the short run, labor force participation has a positive and significant effect on cereal crops production. The study results confirmed that there is a long-run relationship between cereal crops production and climate change variables. In agriculture, research and development should focus on varieties of cereal crops that can tolerate high temperatures. Climate Resilient Green Economy should have to strengthen in the country. All countries should have to work hand-in-hand to mitigate the effect of climate change.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Sep 2022 16:20:01 +000
  • Analysis of Downstream Dairy Value Chain in Ziway-Hawassa Milk Shed Areas
           of Ethiopia

    • Abstract: The increasing demand for raw milk cannot be met with the current inefficient production and marketing systems; designing a sustainable dairy value chain has the potential to increase the availability and affordability of milk for poor consumers and reduce poverty. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the downstream dairy value chain and evaluate the relationship among the chain actors and their share of profit margin in Ziway-Hawassa milk shed areas of Ethiopia. The downstream chain has several links and is operated by a number of actors. In this study, the upstream part of the chain includes the input supply and production of raw milk at the farm level, and the rest parts of the chain are considered. Producers, collectors, and consumers channel was reported as the dominant milk route in the Ziway-Hawassa milk shed. The results showed that the downstream chain was controlled and monopolized by a few large-scale collectors and processors. Milk collectors took the highest gross margin in fresh milk, but the value share was higher for producers. In general, milk collectors and processors sourced milk directly from producers. Unlike the gross margin, the value share for collectors on fresh milk was less than the share of producers which implies that chain sustainability is under question. Therefore, fair value addition and share must be maintained across each actor of the chain.
      PubDate: Fri, 02 Sep 2022 16:35:01 +000
  • Dynamics and Prediction of Land Use and Land Cover Changes Using

    • Abstract: Ethiopia is a growing country which is in need of scientific ground for land use planning and agricultural-based economy. Evaluation of land use/land cover (LULC) changes helps for proper scheduling and use of natural resources with safe administration in accordance with time and dynamic population growth of the country, specifically in the study area. One of the detailed and useful ways to develop land use evaluation and classification maps is the use of geospatial techniques such as remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS). The main focus of this study is to evaluate the dynamics of land use and land cover (LULC) changes in the Abelti Watershed, Omo-Gibe River basin, Ethiopia. Maximum likelihood algorithm approach supervised classification method was used for identifying the LULC changes using satellite data to know LULC changes in the watershed. Quantifications of spatial and temporal dynamics of land use/cover changes were accomplished by using three satellite images of 2000, 2010, and 2017 and classifying them via a supervised classification algorithm by using Earth Resources and Development System (ERDAS) software and finally applying the postclassification change detection technique was performed by using ArcGIS 10.3. From the LULC analysis, the increase was observed in the agricultural area and settlement area from 2000 to 2017. On the other hand, shrub land followed a declining trend during the study period. However, forest and bare land followed variable trends during the study period in which forest declined from 2000 to 2010 but increased from 2010 to 2017 and bare land increased from 2000 to 2010 and declined from 2010 to 2017. Generally, the driving force behind this change was population growth, rapid urbanization, and deforestation which resulted in a wide range of environmental impacts, including degraded habitat quality in the watershed.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Aug 2022 18:05:01 +000
  • Determinants of Organic Fertilizer Adoption in Moretna Jeru District,
           Northern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Agriculture is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy. It is responsible for 35.45% of the country’s total domestic output. This means that the sector is critical for enhancing the lives of the wider population. Despite its importance, Ethiopia’s agricultural sector produces little. The Ethiopian government has focused on increasing the usage of organic fertilizers to improve this and overall economic growth. Organic fertilizer use is still inadequate in most parts of Ethiopia, including Moretna Jeru District in North Shewa Zone, Amhara region. The main objective of this study was to investigate factors that influence the adoption (use) of organic fertilizer technology in Moretna Jeru District. For this study, primary data were acquired from 192 smallholder farmers who were chosen at random throughout the 2020/21 growing seasons. The factors influencing organic fertilizer adoption were investigated using a probit model. Farmers’ characteristics such as extension contact, number of livestock, landownership via title deed, and household size have a favorable and significant impact on organic fertilizer usage. Farmers should be encouraged to use manure technology. This would be attainable if the government, nongovernmental organizations, and other stakeholders focused more on improving extension services and providing better information and training on the use of organic fertilizers.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Aug 2022 18:05:01 +000
  • Maize Market Chain Analysis and the Determinants of Market Participation
           in the Gamo and Gofa Zones of Southern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: The majority of farmers are producing maize in the Gamo and Gofa zones and they are not benefiting from it due to the marketing problem. Thus, this study was intended to analyze the maize market chain and determinants of market participation in the selected maize-producing districts of the Gamo and Gofa zones. To achieve this objective, multistage sampling techniques were followed to randomly select 151 sample respondents. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, marketing margins, and the double hurdle model. The survey results revealed that approximately 35.88% of the maize from the total maize produced by the sampled farmers was marketed in the study area. The result indicates that among the five identified maize marketing channels, the largest volume of maize passed through channel V (producers, urban collectors, and consumers). In the marketing of maize, traders set the price due to poor market linkage and the low bargaining power of producers. The model regression result indicates that among the hypothesized factors, family size, allocated land size for maize, and market information have a significant effect on the quantity of maize market supply. Based on this finding, strengthening extension services through training and accessing inputs are recommended. Furthermore, market linkage through the cooperative establishment and the availability of market information by respective bodies is suggested.
      PubDate: Sun, 28 Aug 2022 19:20:00 +000
  • Nutritional Value and In Vitro Volatile Fatty Acid Production of Forage
           Grasses Cultivated Using Farmyard Manure and Desmodium intortum
           Intercropping in the Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Integrating farmyard manure (FYM) and legume intercropping improves soil chemical and microbial properties, thereby increasing forage productivity and nutritional value. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how fertilizer treatments affected the chemical composition, in vitro gas production and organic matter digestibility (IVOMD), and volatile fatty acid production (VFA) of Napier and desho grasses in the upper Blue Nile basin of Ethiopia. Apart from ether extract content, the chemical composition of the fertilizer treatments in the Aba Gerima watershed did not differ significantly, whereas significant differences were observed in acid detergent fiber and crude protein contents at the Guder watershed. In both watersheds, Napier grass had significantly higher crude protein levels than desho grass. In Aba Gerima, ash content was significantly higher in 2018 than in 2019, but not in Guder. For Napier and desho grasses, there were an increment in IVOMD (6.7 vs 4.7%), metabolizable energy (5.5 vs 4.5%), and VFA production (23.1 vs 3.0%) in the Desmodium intortum plus FYM treatment than in the control in Aba Gerima. In Guder, however, IVOMD (13.7 vs 4.6%), metabolizable energy (13.3 vs 3.3%), and VFA production (11.2 vs 5.6%) increased in the same treatment for Napier and desho grasses than in the control. This study suggests that the Desmodium intortum plus FYM improves the nutritional value, IVOMD, and VFA production of Napier and desho grasses in dryland areas of the upper Blue Nile basin, facilitating their growth as alternative livestock feed for better production in these areas.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Aug 2022 17:50:01 +000
  • Contribution of Superabsorbent Polymers to Growth and Yield of African
           Leafy Vegetables

    • Abstract: Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) have been used as water-saving materials for limited irrigation water resources in arid and semi-arid areas. The purpose of this study was to optimize SAP application dosage and irrigation intervals on the growth of African leafy vegetables (ALVs) under greenhouse conditions. A factorial experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions to determine the optimal SAP application, dosage, and irrigation intervals for the growth and production of African leafy vegetables. Two species of African leafy vegetables were studied: cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and African nightshade (Solanum scabrum). The experiment was performed in a randomized complete block design comprising 25 treatments: a factorial combination of five superabsorbent polymer application doses (0 g, 0.5 g, 1 g, 1.5 g, and 2 g) SAP/Kg of soil substrate and five irrigation intervals (3 days, 4 days, 5 days, 6 days, and 7 days) with three replications. Statistical analysis of the results showed that the use of SAP in irrigation can significantly promote the growth and yield of African leafy vegetables. SAP, irrigation, and their interactions significantly affected () the plant height, stem diameter, leaf area, number of mature leaves/plant, and dry weight of leafy vegetables. Treatment with SAP showed higher growth parameters and yield of vegetables compared to the treatments. Treatment with 1 g SAP/kg of soil substrate and 5-day irrigation interval recorded the highest plant growth and yield, with 24%, 11.7%, 11.1%, and 85.9% increase in cowpea plant height, leaf area, number of mature leaves, and dry weight/plant, respectively. The treatment with 1 g SAP/kg of soil substrate and 5-day irrigation interval was observed as the best for the optimal production of African leafy vegetables under greenhouse conditions. Hence, SAP could be a good strategy for food production within arid and semi-arid lands where water resources are scarce.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Aug 2022 15:35:03 +000
  • Genotype by Environmental Interaction and Measurements of Stability on
           Eight Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) Varieties: East Gojjam
           Zone, North West Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Sweet potato is grown for its nature of versatility and adaptability and is a secure food crop in southern parts of Ethiopia. Therefore, this research has been conducted to determine the magnitude of GEI for yield and yield-related traits and to evaluate the adaptability and stability of eight orange-fleshed sweet potato varieties across locations in North West Ethiopia. The experiment was conducted from 2018 to 2019 under rainfed conditions in four districts of East Gojjam Zone (Baso liben, Gozamin, Gonchasiso enesie, and Enbsie Sar mider) using eight OFSP varieties (Kulfo, Kabode, Vitea, Naspot 13, Naspot 12, Nekawango, RW-11, and Mayai). Data were collected on yield and yield-related traits. Genstat statistical software was used to deploy both combined analysis of variance and meta-analysis of the collected data. The combined ANOVA revealed that environment, varieties, and their interaction affect the tested varieties significantly across locations. Debremedhanite was the high-yielding environment (35.9 t/ha), and Kulfo was the best-performing variety (30.67 t/ha) over different environments. Based on the AMMI result, the environment contributes at large (48.49%) to the total variation of variety performance followed by variety (27.18%) and their interaction (24.23%). The testing locations fall in two mega environments that implies that variety recommendation needs to be specific for each mega environment. Hence, Kulfo and Naspot 12 are recommended for Debremedhanit, Arasma, and Degesech based on yield potential and stability of the varieties, and Naspot 13 is recommended for Yelamgej, Eneba, and Getesemani testing locations. This result is useful for breeders and nutritionists who are working on breeding of sweet potatoes and nutrition.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Aug 2022 15:35:03 +000
  • Integrated Management of Late Blight Potato (Phytophthora infestans,
           (Mont) de Bary) Disease through Potato Varieties and Fungicides in
           Lay-Armachiho District, Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an important source of livelihood for smallholder farmers of north-western Ethiopia. However, its productivity is markedly low due to late blight disease caused by Phytophthora infestans. The objective of this study was to evaluate the integrated use of potato varieties and fungicides for the management of late blight disease. Field experiment was conducted in Lay-Armachiho district during the main potato cropping season of 2018. The experiment consisted of twelve treatments as factorial combinations of two synthetic fungicides (Ridomil and Mancozeb) and untreated check with four potato varieties (three improved varieties, namely, Jalene, Gudene, Belete, and Local variety) was laid out in RCBD design with three replications. Disease incidence, severity, AUDPC, yield, and yield components were analyzed using SAS software (version 9.1) at to separate treatment means. Fungicide sprayed treatments significantly reduced late blight epidemics and increased potato tuber yield on the Belete variety. The lowest disease severity (38.50%) and AUDPC values (761.02% unit-days) were recorded on Belete variety when sprayed with Ridomil fungicide. Late blight disease severity, incidence, AUDPC, and disease progress rate were reduced more in Belete variety than in the other three varieties. The highest disease severity (91.40%) and lowest yield (10.63 ton·ha−1) were recorded from the local control plot with a clear significance difference as compared to other treated plots. This study revealed that the application of Ridomil fungicide with the combination of Belete variety was effective in controlling late blight potato disease with the highest cost-benefit advantage.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Aug 2022 15:05:01 +000
  • Levels of Biochar and NPS Fertilizer Rates on Growth, Yield Component, and
           Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) at Guto Gida, Western Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Mixed application of organic and inorganic fertilizers in mixture improves soil fertility and crop productivity. However, the identification of combined application level is important. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted in 2020 in the Guto Gida district to assess the effect of maize cob biochar levels and inorganic NPS fertilizer rates on the growth and yield of maize. The study was conducted in factorial combinations of five rates of maize cob biochar and three rates of inorganic NPS fertilizer using a randomized complete block design with three replications. The main effect of the biochar level and NPS rate significantly affected crop phenology and biomass yield, whereas the number of kernels ear−1 was affected by the main effect of NPS rate. The combined application of biochar and NPS fertilizer significantly influenced plant height, leaf area index, ear weight, thousand kernel weight, grain yield, and percentage of grain yield. The interaction of biochar at 8 t·ha−1 with 100 kg·ha−1 NPS resulted in highest leaf area index (5.56), grain yield (7.03 t·ha−1), and yield increment (18.11%) followed by 8 t·ha−1  × 50 kg·ha−1 and all biochar levels with 100 kg·ha−1 NPS. In addition, the highest values of ear weight (276 g) and thousand kernel weight (47.81 g) were recorded in plots treated with combined application of biochar and NPS fertilizer at rates of 8 t·ha−1 × 50 kg·ha−1 and 4 t·ha−1 × 100 kg·ha−1, respectively, whereas plots not treated with both biochar and NPS resulted in lowest yield followed by 0 t·ha−1 × 50 kg·ha−1. In conclusion, integrated application of maize cob biochar at 8 t·ha−1 with NPS fertilizer at 50 kg·ha−1 improved the yield of maize by about 16.85% with net benefit of 61700.50 ETB ha−1 and marginal rate of return 733.68%, and therefore, the application of biochar at this rate with mineral NPS fertilizer at 50 kg·ha−1 is considered as suitable for the study area.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 14:35:01 +000
  • Effect of the Irrigation Interval and Nitrogen Rate on Yield and Yield
           Components of Onion (Allium cepa L.) at Arba Minch, Southern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Onion (Allium cepa L.) is an important cash crop for smallholder farmers in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. However, its productivity is low, owing to a number of factors including inappropriate irrigation water and nitrogen management. A field experiment was, therefore, conducted at Amibara farm, Arba Minch, Ethiopia, during the 2018/19 dry season to determine the effect of the irrigation interval and nitrogen rate on growth, yield, and yield components of onion (Bombay Red variety). The treatments comprised four irrigation intervals (3, 6, 9, and 12 days of crop water requirement, ETc) and four nitrogen levels (0, 50, 100, and 150 kg·N·ha−1). The experiment was laid out in a split-plot design using irrigation intervals as main plots and nitrogen rates as subplots with three replications. The growth parameters, yield components, and final yield of onion were significantly higher with 3 and 6 days irrigation intervals (which were statistically similar) than 9 and 12 days irrigation intervals. The increasing N rate significantly increased the growth and yield components up to 150 kg·N·ha−1, but the response was significant only up to 100 kg·N·ha−1 on the final yield of the crop. The growth and yield contributing parameters, showing enhancement with frequent irrigation and higher N rates, had a significant bearing on the final yield of onion. The irrigation at 6 days interval combined with 100 kg·N·ha−1 gave a higher marketable yield (30.21 t·ha−1), net return (Birr 288,458 ha−1), and marginal rate of return (8586%). As such, irrigation at an interval of 6 days and fertilizer N at the rate of 100·kg·ha−1 may be recommended for higher productivity and profitability of onion at Arba Minch, Gamo Zone, southern Ethiopia.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jul 2022 14:20:02 +000
  • Cost-Effective Forage and Browse Legume Feed for Dairy Production: An
           Optimisation Approach Using Jaya Optimisation Algorithm

    • Abstract: Livestock feed mix or feed choice decision-making is encountered by farmers in their daily operations. Livestock feed choice and mixing is emerging as a key research area considering the impact of climate change and emergence of new technology. Smallholder dairy farmers are usually capital constrained and hence a need to investigate cost-effective feed choice that maximises profit. A study to investigate the cost-effective feed among forage and browse legumes was conducted among smallholder dairy farmers in Zimbabwe. An optimisation problem was formulated with the objective of maximising profit by selecting the most cost-effective feed among forage and browse legumes. Secondary data are used to solve the optimisation problem by implementing the Jaya optimisation algorithm. Results show that grain crop silage is the best feed choice resulting in a maximum profit of $ 66.00 per day per farmer. Further research can be directed towards investigating the effect of combining the next best feed, quality hay, and grain crop silage for profit contribution.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Jul 2022 17:35:01 +000
  • Evaluation of Water Productivity under Furrow Irrigation for Onion (Allium
           cepa L.) Crop

    • Abstract: Irrigation water management practices are the main strategies to improve water productivity. This research work was focused to study the performance of alternate and paired row furrow irrigation systems at three levels of irrigation (100%, 75%, and 50% of crop evapotranspiration) using different water productivity indicators for onion crops. The experiment had six treatments and replicated three times to evaluate the analysis of variance in SAS software. Water productivity indicators like crop water use efficiency, field water use efficiency, and field water expense efficiency were determined through bulb yield and water which were used by the crop. The crop yield was expressed as the total yield of onion bulbs, and crop water use was expressed as crop evapotranspiration (ETc), gross depth of irrigation, and water expense. The estimated maximum values of crop water use efficiency, field water use efficiency, and field water expense efficiency were 11.941, 16.152, and 9.361 kg m−3, respectively, for paired row furrow irrigation with 50% ETc. The performance of the paired row furrow irrigation system in crop yield and water use was better as compared to the alternate furrow irrigation system at all levels of irrigation.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Jul 2022 17:35:01 +000
  • Economics of Bulk Storage Techniques: Maize and Cowpea Storage in Ghana

    • Abstract: High postharvest loss is one of the major challenges faced by farmers in many African countries in their efforts to achieve food and nutrition security. Several postharvest techniques have been developed and introduced to farmers aimed at reducing food losses. This study evaluated the economic viability of four such grain storage techniques using capital budgeting techniques. Two grain protectants were applied at recommended rates in three treatment combinations to jute sacks, PICS sacks, polytanks, and poly sacks at different treatment levels and at different discount rates. Under maize storage, the net present value of all treatments yielded positive net returns. The polytank technique proved to be the most economically viable storage technique, followed by PICS and then jute sacks. Under cowpea storage, polytank proved to be the most viable, followed by PICS. This is consistent under replacement chain method and equivalent annual annuity under the three different discount rates used. Cowpea is best stored in polytanks and PICS sacks. Polytank is recommended as the most economically viable storage technique for both maize and cowpea storage. PICS is also recommend for both maize and cowpea storage. However, jute sacks and poly sacks are not suitable for cowpea storage even under chemical treatment, especially under long-term storage (over 6 months). The choice of storage technique should consider the commodity under consideration.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Jul 2022 03:50:00 +000
  • How Arabidopsis Receptor-Like Kinase 7 (RLK7) Manifests: Delineating Its
           Structure and Function

    • Abstract: Like animals, plants customarily utilize cell surface-localized receptors to keep track of environmental stimuli, specifically by plasma membrane-associated receptor-like kinases (RLKs). In comparison to other organisms, plants own a variety of RLKs, which insinuates that ligand-receptor-facilitated molecular mechanisms regulate an array of processes during plant development. Here, we take up Arabidopsis receptor-like kinase 7 (RLK7), which shares the archetypal structure of transmembrane receptor kinases accompanied by a receptor-like ectodomain comprising of leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) along with a functional intracellular kinase domain. Interestingly, this distinctive receptor-like kinase not only orchestrates crucial steps during plant development, including the regulation of seed longevity, dormancy, and seed germination speed, but also plays a role in oxidative stress tolerance, salt stress tolerance, and pattern-triggered immunity. This review deciphers the sequence and structure and evaluates existing knowledge of the function and expression pattern of RLK7.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Jul 2022 17:35:01 +000
  • Determinants of Adoption of Improved Dairy Technologies: The Case of Offa
           Woreda, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: One of the agricultural activities of rural farmers is dairy farming. Furthermore, by providing income, it has the potential to make farm households rich. The objective of this study was to analyze the general factors that influence adoption decisions, as well as the status of adoption of dairy technology in the Offa district, Wolaita zone, southern Ethiopia. The study area has fundamental factors influencing the adoption of dairy technologies which were unknown. This research was started to fill a knowledge gap for responsible bodies. Four kebeles were selected randomly for the study. 150 sample households (63 adopters and 87 nonadopters) were chosen using the SRS (systematic random sampling) method. The interview schedule was used to collect primary data from these households. Secondary data were gathered from a variety of sources, including reports, research findings, documents, and publications. Both quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed by using descriptive and econometric analyzes by SPSS version 21. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were also used to collect qualitative data. A binary logistic regression model was used to examine the factors that influence the adoption of dairy technologies. The results of the binary logistic regression model revealed that both dairy technology participants and nonparticipant households experienced a combination of personal, demographic, economic, and institutional factors that hindered adoption. Respondent age, access to credit services, size of household landholding, frequency of the extension contact, involvement of outside income, livestock ownership, and distance from the nearest market were all significant negative contributing factors. On the other hand, farm income and dairy farming experience were positively significant variables in the model. Technical assistance to improve farm productivity and income, experience sharing and field visit programs to the fields of early experienced dairy farmers, improvement of farmland usage, improvement of road infrastructure in the study area, provision of appropriate and modernized training and extension services, and so on are among the recommendations.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Jul 2022 17:35:01 +000
  • Analyzing Potato Market Participation, Market Surplus, and Market Outlet
           Choice on Small Farm Household Level in Lemo District, Southern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: This study was aimed to analyze potato market participation, market surplus, and market outlet choice in Lemo District of southern Ethiopia. To achieve the objective, primary and secondary data sources were employed and 202 potato producers were selected following simple random sampling techniques. The collected data were analyzed by using Heckman second-stage and multivariate probit models to identify factors that determine potato market participation decision and potato farmer market outlet choice, respectively. The Heckman’s first-stage (probit) result indicates that education level, sex, membership in the cooperative, distance to the nearest market, remittent from family members, own transportation facilities, seed types, frequency of extension contact, lagged market price, and amount of credit that farm household used for potato production significantly () determined producers’ participation in potato market. Heckman second-stage (OLS) result showed that education level, cooperative membership, family size, total cropland size, oxen owned, types of seed, and lagged market price were significantly () determined potato marketed surplus. Multivariate probit results showed the probability to choose wholesalers (), retailers (), collectors (), and consumers () market outlets who were significantly affected by age, educational levels, sex, farm experiences, distance to near market, family size, remittance, land size, product supplied to the market, own transport facility, and extension service. Therefore, we recommend that the government and concerned stakeholders should focus on promoting improved potato seed, encouraging education, promoting farmers’ cooperatives, empowering females, strengthening rural-urban infrastructure, and protecting informal labor trading.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jul 2022 06:50:01 +000
  • Pesticidal Evaluation of Entomopathogenic Fungi and Selected Medicinal
           Plants against Cabbage Aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)

    • Abstract: Pesticidal agents such as entomopathogenic fungi and medicinal plant extracts can be used as a component of integrated pest management. Biocontrol agents such as fungal isolates can be used as a component of integrated pest management. An evaluation of plant extracts from Azadirachta indica and Justicia schimperiana and two strains of entomopathogenic fungi were carried out on Ethiopian rape (Brassica carinata) against two stages (adult and nymph) of cabbage insect pests (aphids) in the laboratory and greenhouse condition. The efficacies of different treatments were examined, and results were recorded for plant extracts and entomopathogenic fungi on cabbage aphids. A significant difference was observed in the mortality of aphid insect pests recorded at different intervals of days. The adult aphid was reduced gradually from 8.65/plant to 2.77/plant after six days of spraying with A. indica indicating the highest efficacy. Moreover, the adult aphids after spraying of entomopathogenic fungi (BEI1) reduced from 11.2/plant to 6.5/plant after six days of spraying at 1 × 108 conidia/mL, showing the highest efficacy. The present results suggest the possibility of using a combination of entomopathogenic fungi and plant extracts to manage Brevicoryne brassicae (aphids). It revealed that a given combination displayed considerable efficacy to reduce B. brassicae (aphids) infestation. From the result, the adult aphids sprayed with A. indica + BEI1 reduced from 7.01/plant to 1.74/plant after six days of spraying with the highest efficacy. Generally, maximum percent of mortality was identified in plant extract treatment next to coapplication against adult aphids on sixth day of application. Similarly, conidial suspension of entomopathogenic fungi was found to have high activities for adult aphids. Therefore, based on the present result, products of fungal isolates and plant extracts should be used for further tests against other insect pests.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2022 13:35:01 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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