Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 963 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (662 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (662 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 601 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RURALS : Review of Undergraduate Research in Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  
Science and Technology Indonesia     Open Access  
Science as Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientia Agricola     Open Access  
Scientia Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Seed Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Seed Science Research     Hybrid Journal  
Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Semiárida     Open Access  
Siembra     Open Access  
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Smart Agricultural Technology     Open Access  
Social & Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Social and Natural Sciences Journal     Open Access  
South African Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Economics : SAJE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Spatial Economic Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sri Lanka Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Stiinta Agricola     Open Access  
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Sugar Tech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sustainability Agri Food and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sustainability and Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science (SEAS)     Open Access  
Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
The Agriculturists     Open Access  
The Journal of Research, PJTSAU     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Trends in Agricultural Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Tropical Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems     Open Access  
Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales     Open Access  
Tropical Technology Journal     Open Access  
Tropicultura     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Science / Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Urban Agricultural & Regional Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Viticulture Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
VITIS : Journal of Grapevine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Weed Biology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Weed Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Welwitschia International Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
West African Journal of Applied Ecology     Open Access  
Wildlife Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Wirtschaftsdienst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
World Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
World Mycotoxin Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World's Poultry Science Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
علوم آب و خاک     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Universal Journal of Agricultural Research
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2332-2268 - ISSN (Online) 2332-2284
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [51 journals]
  • Institutional Performance of Agricultural Extension on the Rice Plant
           Production Improvement and Sustainable Food Security in West Java,
           Indonesia

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Lukman Effendy   Detia Tri Yunandar   Ismaya Parawansa   Agusabti   Sujarwo   and Ume Humaeda   The performance of agricultural extension institutions is thought to have contributed to the increase in rice production which has an impact on food security, therefore research was conducted in several sub-districts of Karawang, Cianjur, Sumedang and Tasik Regencies as rice production centers in West Java. This study aims to: (1) describe the performance of agricultural extension institutions at the sub-district level in increasing production and food security, (2) analyze the factors that influence performance, and (3) find strategies to increase performance. Determination of respondents was carried out in stages starting with the sub-district extension coordinator, sub-district extension officers, and 225 farmers assisted by extension workers. Data collection was carried out through direct interviews using a questionnaire that had been tested for validity and reliability. The research results found; (1) institutional performance directly affects the increase in rice production, besides being influenced by extension technical competence and organizational commitment; institutional performance in Karawang Regency by most respondents was considered unsatisfactory with an average score of 2.663, so it still needs to be improved to increase rice production, (2) agricultural extension institutional performance (Y1) is determined by the availability of agricultural development programs (X6) and achievements (X5); and (3) The strategy for increasing institutional performance in increasing rice production can be started by running available development programs, at the same time encouraging agencies to continue to achieve achievements.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Strategy for the Successful Implementation of Social Capital Based on
           Cattle Business Insurance

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Khaifah Asgaf   Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin   Syahdar Baba   and Abdul Razak Munir   Cattle business insurance or AUTS is one of the government programs through the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia, with the aim of protecting cattle farmers so that they can continue to breed cattle if field conditions do not support it, such as an accident, death due to illness, being stolen by irresponsible people. The AUTS program is a form of the government's seriousness and concern for cattle farmers so that carrying out cattle farming can be sustainable. The purpose of this study was to get an overview of the strategy for implementing the successful implementation of cattle business insurance or AUTS based on social capital. The research was conducted in Barru Regency with respondents who came from cattle breeders who took part in AUTS. The research method used in this study is to collect data using questionnaires and conduct surveys and focused group discussions. The data that has been collected is processed using SWOT data analysis. The research output is to get an overview of the AUTS implementation strategy. The results of the research based on SWOT and QSPM analysis indicate that it needs to be continued and maintained because the successful implementation strategy of AUTS implementation is in the growth and aggressive quadrant with IFES and EFAS coordinates, namely X: Y = (X = 0.90: Y = 1.08). The QSPM strategy is 2.62 regulatory support, 1.09 government premium assistance, and 1.90 livestock service support.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Water Power Characterization of an Agricultural Irrigation Canal in
           Malatgao and Batang-Batang Rivers, Palawan, Philippines

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Jibsam F. Andres   The existence of irrigation canals in the Philippines for a decade was purposely constructed for agricultural use only. Because of the energy shortage, which was noted through the frequent power interruption in Palawan, Philippines, this study determines the possibility of utilizing existing agricultural irrigation canals as a source of electrical energy specifically in Malatgao, Batang-Batang Irrigation System (MBBRIS) of the National Irrigation Administration. MBBRIS covers irrigation canals of Batang-Batang, Malatgao North, Malatgao South, Manaile and Tigman which are located in the municipalities of Aborlan and Narra, Palawan, Philippines. The irrigation waters of these five (5) canals were characterized by its water power capacity considering the past twelve (12) years available irrigations heads and the 40% of time the diverted water discharge equaled or exceeded. Results show that Batang-Batang irrigation canal has a power capacity of 297.49 kW, Malatgao North irrigation canal of 53.59 kW, Malatgao South irrigation canal of 55.05 kW, Manaile irrigation canal of 27.13 kW and Tigman irrigation canal of 6.89 kW. Of the five (5) irrigation canals, Manaile Irrigation is located closest to consumers as its main canal is located next to the village. Though the considered area of the study shows mostly less than a hundred kW, this study recommends an installation of turbines applicable for small-scale generation of energy, which could be installed in series or in parallel along irrigation canals. This system could increase the irrigation canals’ power capacity without requiring either additional water head or water discharge.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Statistical Analysis between Soil Properties and Fusarium Wilt Disease in
           Banana

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Muhammad Akmal Mohd Zawawi   Marinah Muhammad   Nurul Syaza Abdul Latif   Laila Naher   and Mohd Fauzie Jusoh   Soilborne Fusarium wilt disease is a disastrous constraint that has a detrimental effect on banana agronomic performance. Climates and soil characteristics play significant roles in the occurrence and severity of Fusarium wilt disease in bananas. This study aimed to present statistical tools for direct and reflective information on the Fusarium wilt disease occurrence by including the soil environmental factors such as moisture, pH, and electrical conductivity. There are numerous opinions regarding the interaction between soil attributes and Fusarium wilt disease in bananas. Yet, the knowledge of how soil properties influence Fusarium wilt occurrence in bananas and otherwise remains unresolved. Therefore, this study was conducted by including different statistical tools such as t-test, MANOVA and binary logistic regression to explore the potential relationship between Fusarium wilt disease incidence and soil properties. The present study also consists of a reversed interaction of soil attributes and Fusarium wilt disease incidence. Though not all soil attributes were included, the preliminary findings revealed that soil moisture and soil pH have relationship with the development of Fusarium wilt disease in banana plantation. Although this statistical analysis does not prove the existence of genuine biological interaction between characteristics, it significantly suggests its possibility. Therefore, more experimental and statistical data are needed to document the right direction of the critical elements for the Fusarium wilt disease incidence.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Peasant Women's Time Allocation in the Beef Cattle Gaduhan Partnership,
           Baluran National Park

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Siti Azizah   Salsa Insanu Latifah   Irfan H. Djunaidi   Anif Mukaromah Wati   and Dede Apryliasari   The purpose of this research was to determine the allocation of women's working time in a beef cattle business with a profit-sharing system and to analyze the influence of socio-economic factors on peasant women's working time in a profit-sharing beef cattle business in Sidomulyo Hamlet, Sumberwaru Village, Baluran National Park. The study was conducted in July 2022. The respondents in this study were married female cattle farmers in Dusun Sidomulyo village. The survey techniques and quota sampling were used to select 50 peasant women respondents for the study. Data analysis used a regression test with socio-economic factors as X variables (age, education level, farming experience, employment status, number of family dependents, income level, number of livestock, land area, livestock rearing pattern, cattle owner profile, and the women's role) and peasant women's working time as a Y variable. The results showed that all factors of production simultaneously had a significant effect on the women's working time. Meanwhile, the number of cattle and the role of women both had an impact on women's working hours. This research shows that the research variables influence 52.7% of women's working time.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Adulteration Test of Chicken DNA (Gallus gallus) by the Multiplex PCR
           Method Using a Specific Primer for Mitochondrial DNA CO1

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Joni Kusnadi   and Sinta Harfiyanti   Food adulteration cases continue to increase in line with the increasing public need for food. Multiplex PCR is one type of PCR method that is often used to detect adulteration in food. This study aims to confirm the performance of primers that have been designed based on the CO1 gene that specifically amplifies chicken DNA by a primer specificity and sensitivity test using single and multiplex PCR method. The results showed that the primer had specific properties because it is capable of amplifying the target DNA according to its size. The sensitivity test showed that the CO1 primers for chicken have a sensitivity of up to 10-3 ng/µl similar to the pig's D-loop primers, while the CO1 primers for horses have a sensitivity of up to 10-2 ng/ l similar to the Cyt b for dogs. Sampling test using five types of meatballs by the multiplex PCR method showed that the samples detected animal DNA that matched the respective raw materials for making it, while sampling using commercial meatballs showed that only three samples contained bovine DNA and it could be concluded that the other two samples had been adulterated with chicken meat.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Implementation of Android Application as Knowledge Management for
           Agriculture Farmers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Wahyu Santoso   Akhmad Fauzi   Hamidah Hendrarini   and Indra Tjahaja Amir   The research has fresh ideas through activities to explore farmer knowledge management to find out the application of Indo-Good Agricultural Practices as a reflection of the behavior of producing fruits to obtain Prima Certification, and is developed into a knowledge management system with an Android-based application. The purpose of the study was to analyze the level of knowledge management of farmers in implementing Indo-Good Agricultural Practices to support the sustainability of Prima certified fruit production in East Java. Purposive sampling was used to select up to 15 fruit farmers for a total of 45 samples. With true or false assertions, the Guttman Scale measured knowledge creation, sharing, and implementation. Then, each dimension's proportion of knowledge was calculated. Mango Farmers in Pasuruan Regency have good knowledge of knowledge creating, knowledge sharing, and knowledge implementation. Different results are seen among Kediri Regency pineapple growers, who had the lowest level of knowledge sharing understanding since Prima certified producers find it difficult to understand good agriculture practise criteria. The highest level of knowledge formed by starfruit farmers is the Knowledge Sharing dimension, it can be concluded that there is a strong social relationship when a farmer is aware of Indo-Good Agricultural and willing to share knowledge or mutual welfare and reduce harmful mistakes.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Sugarcane Disease Detection Using CNN-Deep Learning Method: An Indian
           Perspective

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Sammed Abhinandan Upadhye   Maneetkumar Rangnath Dhanvijay   and Sudhir Madhav Patil   Agriculture produce especially sugarcane crop is no exception to diseases as compared to the other crops. Sugarcane diseases can be mitigated more successfully if they are identified properly and in the early stages of the diseases. Disease prone sugarcane crop directly affects the production quality and quantity. Sugarcane infections are a cause of worry for the farmers because they can wipe out the entire crop field, causing financial loss. Researchers are working on applying Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques, like Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL), to analyse the agricultural data (yield prediction, selling price forecasting, climate, and soil quality etc.) and prevent crop damage due to various reasons, diseases being one of them. Sugarcane producing farmers are required to be enriched with real-time data analysis using various computational techniques along with managing huge datasets. Deep neural network which includes Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is a modern technique for agricultural disease detection. Hence, this paper presents the feasibility study and the effectiveness of DL based CNN algorithm in the disease detection of crops with special reference to selective four diseases of sugarcane crop in India. The study was prompted by the rapid evolution of sugarcane disease classes and farmers' lack of disease diagnostic and recognition skills. To solve this challenge, deep learning and computer vision are adopted. By categorizing sugarcane images into two groups: healthy and unhealthy/diseased (with disease type), the trained model is able to fulfill its goal. Using a simple CNN with four discrete classes, the analysis shows an accuracy of 98.69% for sugarcane disease detection. Further to guide the farmers, a web-based application is developed for sugarcane crop disease detection and implemented to fetch and monitor the data about the diseases. The paper also puts forth a few future research areas such as: (i) the user can enter the feedback which can be tuned with the model for accurately predicting the sugarcane crop diseases and dynamic database update; (ii) the effect of disease detection can be combined with agricultural productivity enhancement and price forecasting using AI tools and techniques, thereby aiding the farmers in effective decision making.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Sustainability Strategy for Organic Paddy Farming Business toward Global
           Market: Network Process Analysis Approach

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Heru Irianto   Erlyna Wida Riptanti   Emi Widiyanti   Refa'ul Khairiyakh   Agung Prasetyo   and Mujiyo   Go Organic was launched by the Indonesian Government in 2010; nevertheless, its progress has encountered issues and constraints. Farming products, especially organic paddy, have been unable to satisfy export demand since organically certified agricultural land has not yet reached its goal. This study aims to investigate the sustainability strategy of organic paddy farming in the global market. The exploratory investigation was undertaken in Ngawi Regency of East Java. The study surveyed 90 organic/converted rice producers as respondents. Data analysis was performed by Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS), which was followed by Network Process Analysis (NPA). MDS was utilized to assess the sustainability of the five dimensions: environmental, economic, social, institutional, and technological. Meanwhile, NPA was conducted based on the MDS analysis findings to identify the essential methods for sustainability improvement. The research unveiled that the environmental, economic, social, and institutional dimensions were quite sustainable. However, the technological dimension was less sustainable. Multidimensionally, organic paddy farming was quite sustainable. Based on the identified priority strategy, increasing the availability of organic matter and organisms in the soil would improve the sustainability of organic paddy farming. It was accomplished by incorporating straw, livestock manure, fermented farming waste, azolla, earthworms, eels, and organic pesticides into the soil, increasing the long-term quality and quantity of organic paddy farming.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Extraction and Characterization of Galactomannan from Nipa Palm Fruit
           (Nypa fruticans W.)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Susinggih Wijana   Aji Sutrisno   and Indra S. Kurniawan   The main objective of this research was to characterize the galactomannan from Nipa palm fruit. The galactomannan, a water-soluble heteropolysaccharide was extracted from nipa palm fruit with the different condition. Different condition referred to used nipa palm fruit without drying as fresh nipa palm fruit (GalFN) and nipa palm which is done by drying as dry nipa palm fruit (GalDN). Extraction method used is aqueous extraction followed by precipitation with ethanol. Polysaccharide was studied in detail for its chemical and functional characterization. The result suggests that the different condition of nipa palm fruit (GalFN and GalDN) does not have a significant impact (p>0.05) on the extraction yield, solubility (25°C and 80°C) and oil-holding capacity (OHC), yet it has a significant effect (p
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Effects of Climate Change on the Dynamics of Crops Yield - Case of Ukraine

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Yelyzaveta Synetska   and Daniela Hupková   The purpose of the publication is to determine the influence of meteorological factors on the yield of grain crops in different regions of Ukraine, as well as to study the correlation dependence of grain yield on meteorological factors. The research methodology is represented by general scientific and special methods (use of satellite information, climate models, data from long-term agrotechnical experiments, and statistical information). Empirical-theoretical (heuristic analysis and generalization), system methods, modeling, and formalization methods should be distinguished among the methods; economic and mathematical methods and methods of statistical analysis. The results of the research can be used as a basis for the formation of new strategies for adaptation to climate change in the fields of agriculture, namely crop production. And also, to take into account changes in the planning of grain crops and the organization of the appropriate infrastructure for their cultivation, storage, and sale. This research indicates noticeable climate changes in different regions of Ukraine over the past 24 years in the direction of significant warming, which is accompanied by a decrease in precipitation. These changes directly affect changes in grain crop yields. Originality / scientific novelty. The scientific novelty of this research is in linking meteorological factors, such as average monthly temperature and monthly precipitations with values of grain yield in the regions of Ukraine. Furthermore, this research studies the dependence of grain yields on meteorological factors. Practical value/implications. The results of the research can be used as a base for formulating new strategies regarding adaptation to climate change in the fields of agriculture, namely crop production. As well as for considering changes when planning grain crops and organizing appropriate infrastructure for their cultivation, storage, and sale.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Land-Use Efficiency of Some Agricultural Livelihood Models on Low-Lying
           Land: A Study in Ha Tinh, Vietnam

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Nguyen Tran Tuan   Economic efficiency is a concept showing a concentration of development in depth, reflecting the exploitation of financial resources and the cost of resources in the production process. The study was conducted in Ha Tinh province, Vietnam, to evaluate the economic efficiency of agricultural production in low-lying areas. The research results of the topic are based on data collected from 80 agricultural households of 3 livelihood models (specialising fish, rice–fish, and rice–fish–duck). The results show that the specialising fish model gives the most extensive production value and requires the highest initial investment costs, followed by the rice–fish–duck model and the rice–fish model. However, considering the production efficiency indicators, the rice–fish–duck model has the highest economic efficiency, then the specialised fish model and the rice–fish model. The study also pointed out some limitations of livelihood models and farmer households, such as land size, technical system, and seed source. Therefore, if these shortcomings are solved, the economic efficiency of farmers will be improved.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Anthracnose Disease and Physiological Aspects of Soybean in Saturated Soil
           Culture in Tidal Land

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  1  Marlina Marlina   Muhammad Sayuthi   Islah Hayati   Mapegau Mapegau   Radian Radian   and Addion Nizori   Saturated soil culture in tidal land could be an alternative measure for achieving sufficient soybean production to meet demand and reduce the current 56% dependence on imports. Therefore, this study aims to investigate disease development and the nitrogen fixation rate of soybean in water-saturated cultivation on tidal land. It was conducted in Simpang Village, Berbak District, East Tanjung Jabung, Jambi Province, Indonesia, and subjected to a randomized block design as an environmental design. The treatment consisted of 3 water inundation levels in the trench, namely, 15, 20, and 25 cm from the soil surface. The results showed that the height of standing water in a water-saturated cultivation system affected the soil moisture. Furthermore, high soil moisture results in a high anthracnose disease in soybean caused by the fungus Colletotrichumdematinum var. truncatum. The disease attack rate reached 15.7% with 72% soil moisture at a depth of 15 cm below the soil surface. There was also an attack rate of 16.3%, with soil moisture of 70.5% at a depth of 20 cm from the soil surface. The highest percentage of fallen pods in the treatment plots was up to 15cm and 20 cm in standing water, which was 17.3% and 16.7%, respectively. The root nodules' weight decreased in height by 25 cm from the soil surface. Furthermore, the rate of nitrogen fixation decreased, as indicated by a reduction in the activity of the root nodules' acetylene, which decreased at the height of the waterlogging 25 cm from the soil surface. Soybean crop yield was affected by the height of standing water in the trench. The numbers of filled pods, the weight of dry seeds per plant, and the weight of 100 seeds were lower at the height of water 25 cm from the soil surface. Additionally, disease severity was strongly correlated with root nodules and seed/plant dry weight. Increased disease severity significantly contributed to the decline in dry weight of root nodules, very strongly to dry seed/plant weight and moderately to acetylene-reducing activity.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
       
  • Analysis of Reference Evapotranspiration (ETo) and Rainfall on Maize
           Hybrid Seed Production: Cases in Malang and Jember

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Bambang Suharto   Akhmad Adi Sulianto   and Naufal Abiyasa Pratama   Maize hybrid seed production cultivation area often has less pollen available than in regular commercial maize because of detasseling to eliminate self-pollination. There are also concerns regarding the increasing intensity of extreme weather following climate change, on top of inherent maize sensitivity to water stress in the flowering period. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between rainfall, reference evapotranspiration (ETo), and maize hybrid seed yield in two locations using simple regression analysis. Four years of historical weather and harvest data of one type of parental maize line were obtained from Talangsuko, Malang Regency, and Sukoreno, Jember Regency. In conclusion, there was a strong linear and negative relationship between rainfall and the yield of hybrid maize seeds in Talangsuko (R2=0.60), while in Sukoreno, the relationship was in the form of a quadratic curve (R2=0.61). In Talangsuko, there was a strong relationship between rainfall in the flowering period and maize yields (R2=0.60), meanwhile, in Sukoreno, only a few samples experienced rain during the flowering period and consecutive rain so the relationship with maize yields could not be concluded (R2=0.09 and 0.18). There was no relationship between ETo FAO-56 PM and hybrid maize seed yield (R2=0.04 and 0.06).
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Analysis of Differences in Color and Irradiation Length of the LED Strip
           Lights in Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. Grand Rapids) Cultivation with
           Wick Hydroponic System

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Sumardi Hadi Sumarlan   Aprilia Damayanti   Christoffer Ndaru Pradawan   Lailatul Maghfiroh   Mochamad Bagus Hermanto   Hammam   Abdul Mulukul Ikrom   Beta Shulton Romadhan   and Fajar Bagus Kurniawan   Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is a plant that really needs water to support its growth. In addition, in order to get the maximum growth, lettuce requires irradiation for 14-16 hours daily. Sufficient irradiation can help lettuce to support the process of photosynthesis and plant growth. Engineering that can be done to optimize plant growth includes the use of hydroponic systems and the addition of artificial light (LED). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the difference in the color of LED lamp light and the duration of irradiation on the growth and production results of the lettuce. The method used in this study was a 2-factorial Group Randomized Design, namely the color of the LED lights (red 100%, blue 100%, white 100% and a combination (red 75%, blue 10% and white 15%)) and the duration of irradiation (3 hours and 12 hours) then continued with the LSD (Least Significance Different) and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) tests at a confidence level of 5%. The results showed that the lamp addition treatment using red color and the duration of additional irradiation for 3 hours had the best results.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Geoinformation Analysis of the Territorial Features of the Agrolandscape
           

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Denisova Elena V.   and Silova Viktoriya A.   Mapping of the agrolandscape survey site within the boundaries of Frolovsky district of the Volgograd region is aimed at determining its geomorphometric characteristics, specifying the area and boundaries, as well as assessing environmental stability and integrity. The agrolandscape studied is agricultural with an area of plowing more than 70%, and the share of forest strips is minimal, accounting for 1,8%. A quarter of the agrolandscape is covered by the slopes and the beams which amount to 25%. Based on the digital relief model, the geographic coordinates of the analyzed polygon were obtained, and the maximum and minimal elevations and exposure of slopes were determined. The boundaries of 20 arable land plots with a total area of 2070,88 hectares were specified. The main types of the slopes are highlighted: flat surfaces (steepness up to 1o) – 30,0%; very gentle (steepness 1-2o) – 55,0%; gentle (steepness 2-3o) – 15.0%. The stability of the agrolandscape was assessed by a number of indicators. Low degree of protection by forest plantations (Kfield-protective forestation = 2,5), high degree of area ploughing (K index of ploughing = 72,8), lack of species diversity of agroecosystem (Jp = 3,9), increased roughness and articulation by beams and ravines (Karticulation = 0,38) indicate that this agrolandscape is ecologically unstable (Kecological stability = 0,14). All these factors result in decreasing the ability of the agrolandscape to reproduce, to self-preserve and to restore the potential of soil productivity. The novelty of the research lies in the creation of a local geoinformation system of regional agro-landscape complexes and the identification of priority areas for agricultural production.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Reformulating the Policy Model of Sustainable Food Agricultural Area to
           Meet Social Justice: The Experience from the North Coast of West Java

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Ahmad Doli Kurnia Tandjung   Ujang Maman   Liana Afriyanti   Salman Maggalatung   Fokky Fuad   Yusup Hidayat   Dundin Zaenuddin   and Nindyantoro   The fair policy of staple food provision is a necessity to sustain food supply for people. However, this policy in Indonesia is still borne to the individual farmers' land. Based on the Law Number 41/2009, The Regional Government in determining the regional spatial planning has to allocate land for food agriculture that is prohibited from being converted, which is called a sustainable food agriculture area (SFAA), although the land belongs to individual farmers. This planning, unfortunately, does not go well. The experience of four districts on the north coast (Pantura) of West Java, Indonesia shows that the SFAA has not yet been formed. Therefore, this study aims to reformulate this policy model, which is easily applicable in Indonesia as well as in other developing countries which have similar socioeconomic conditions to Indonesia. For this purpose, this research explores the secondary data about the planning of SFAA formation in four regions of Pantura, West Java; identifies the farmers' response to this planning; and performs an in-depth discussion to determine an appropriate policy model. Based on one hundred samples determined by Slovin Formula with 10 percent of error probability, taken by stratified random sampling technique in Indramayu Regency, Pantura of West Java, and by adopting chi-square test, the highly educated land owners tend to reject the SFAA planning; and the alternative SFAA model is strongly valuable, which is not the burden of the individual land owners. This study was conducted within the period from October to December 2022. In conclusion, the SFAA formation should optimize state-owned land with the concept of integrated farming and optimizing partnership patterns with the farmers, while the formation of SFAA on individual farmer-owned land is optional depending on the wishes and willingness of farmers.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Survey of Oxytetracycline Residue Content in Broiler Chicken Meat in
           Semarang City, Central Java Province, Indonesia

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Dwi Sutiningsih   Eka Faizah   and Nur Azizah Azzahra   To increase chicken meat production, farmers add antibiotics oxytetracycline to prevent secondary infectious diseases due to viruses and feed additives and prevent bacterial diseases. This study aims to find an overview of the oxytetracycline antibiotic residues in broiler chicken meat sold in traditional markets and modern markets in Semarang City, Indonesia. The study is descriptive research, a survey method with a cross-sectional approach. The samples were broiler chicken meat with a total of 47 samples, consisting of 33 from traditional and 14 from modern markets. Sample examination was carried out by the Bioassay method to determine the oxytetracycline residue in the sample and with the HPLC method to determine its content. The results showed as many as three samples of broiler chicken meat containing oxytetracycline which is 0.1 ppm residue out of 47 samples. The three samples were from traditional markets in Semarang City, with the content of each residue namely 0.869 (Johar Market), 0.271 (Sampangan Market), and 0.366 (Damar Market). Meanwhile, the samples from the modern market did not contain oxytetracycline residue. Therefore, relevant agencies should regularly monitor antibiotic residues in Animal Source Foods, especially broiler chicken meat, both in traditional and modern markets.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Plant-Based Total Protein Determination of Soybeans Using Fluorescent
           Technique

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  P. Suwannasopon   V. Changrue   and K. Katsri   Due to the time consuming of conventional method in plant-based total protein determination in soybeans, this research aims to find an alternative shorter time technique using fluorescent technique. The first experiment was finding optimum conditions of sodium hydroxide concentration and time on protein extraction in extraction process. In the second experiment, the solution from the best conditions of the first experiment will be added by Coomassie brilliant blue G-250. The complete reaction time will be recorded. In the last step of this study, the fluorescent will be applied to find the responded wavelength of protein-dye-complex. Then, the prediction of overall protein content will be summarized. The results of the studies revealed that optimum of sodium hydroxide concentration was 0.8 % and extraction time was 120 min. In terms of the reaction time of amino with Coomassie brilliant blue G-250 was used completely for 5 min. A modification of the Bradford method revealed a protein-dye-complex at a wavelength of 702.95 nm. The total protein content (y) prediction equation was y = 9.4325x-1.6175, where x value represented the degree of fluorescence intensity. The analysis period of total protein determination using fluorescent technique was 3.5 hours.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • The Application of Black Powdered Colorant from Black Glutinous Carbonized
           Merang to the Traditional Product Ireng-Ireng

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Erni Sofia Murtini   and Dina Wahidah Islamiyah   Black powdered colorant from carbonized merang can be used as a ready-to-use colorant in making traditional product ireng-ireng. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of various black powdered colorant concentrations as well as to obtain the optimum concentration of the colorant on the physical properties of ireng-ireng product, such as lightness (L*), redness (a*), yellowness (b*) and texture profile (hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness) The research used one factor completely randomized design (CRD). The factor used was colorant concentration (1%, 3%, 5%, 7% (w/v)). Each treatment level was repeated three times to obtain 12 experimental units. The data were analyzed using ANOVA with a 95% confidence interval and continued by Tukey's HSD test of 5%. Ireng-ireng from the optimum concentration (addition of 7% colorant) based on Multiple Attribute Zeleny had lightness (L*) 23.02 ± 0.61, redness (a*) -0.97 ± 0.06, yellowness (b*) 5.05 ± 0.18, hardness 43.6 ± 7.19, cohesiveness 0.85 ± 0.07, springiness 8.9 ± 0.31, gumminess 36.70 ± 3.96, and chewiness 327.86 ± 40.97.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Control and Monitoring of Amaranth Blitum Growth under Greenhouse
           Cultivation

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Koulnodji Elysee   Rehema Ndeda   Urbanus N. Mutwiwa   and Shohei Aoki   Weather extremes caused by climatic change considerably affect crops growth. Extreme temperature change and low water availability represent undesirable conditions for the growth of amaranth. This study aims to develop a greenhouse equipped with an automatic control system for water, humidity, and temperature control of Amaranth Blitum. Temperature, humidity, and soil moisture were monitored and maintained within a specific range. A microcontroller was used to activate a solenoid for irrigation-based sensor feedback, an exhaust fan, a cooling fan, and a heater to regulate humidity, and temperature respectively. The study was done in the month of July and December 2022. Efficient temperature and humidity control were demonstrated. The increase in plant height and diameter was higher for higher moisture content, a temperature within the 21 - 35°C range, and humidity within 45-95%. This work demonstrated the utility of sensor-based approach for monitoring and controlling of growth of Amaranth under greenhouse cultivation by applying a rule-based algorithm. The results of this research could be implemented to reduce plant damage while increasing yield productivity.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Effect of Medium Culture, pH, Activated Carbon, and Light on Germination,
           Rooting and Growth of Tomato (Lycopersicum Esculentum Mill.)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Akhrif Fatima Zahra   El Qadmi Ilham   Abid Nagla   Ibriz Mohammed   Ziri Rabea   and Brhadda Najiba   This study was carried out to compare germination rates, rooting, and growth of three varieties of Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. namely Rio Grande, Campbell 33 and Assala under different growing conditions (greenhouse, petri dish and in vitro culture), as well as a study of the influence of growing medium, light, activated carbon and pH. The seeds were disinfected before being grown under different conditions. For greenhouse cultivation, a sand/peat mixture (50/50) was used. The germinated seeds were monitored regularly under controlled conditions. For the petri dish culture, seeds were germinated on moistened sterile filter paper. As for the in vitro culture, the seeds were grown on MS and 1/2 MS medium. Activated carbon was added in order to study its effect on germination at a concentration of 5g/L. They were then incubated in the absence or presence of light. Concerning the effect of pH, five values were tested (4,2 -5-5,8-7-10). The analysis of the quantitative data revealed that the variety Rio Grande has a high germination capacity compared to Campbell 33 and Assala. Regarding the cultivation conditions, the results showed that in vitro cultivation gave the best germination rate (79.66%). In this case, incubation in the dark was considered more effective than light as it ensured a higher rate (76.99%). In addition, 1/2 MS medium promoted the root system of the seedlings by accelerating the speed of appearance of adventitious roots and their number compared to the MS medium. This same effect was also observed in the presence of activated carbon. The results also indicated a direct effect of the pH of the medium on germination. Indeed, pH 5.8 was advantageous for the Rio Grande and Assala (95.99% and 75% respectively). For the Campbell 33, pH 7 was more suitable than the other pH tested (81.66%). This work suggests that in vitro culture is a promising tool for improving the yield of this plant and the resulting in vitro plants can be used as source material for molecular biology.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Social Capital and Community Empowerment: Towards Sustainable Agricultural

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Akhwan Ali   Darmawan Salman   Andi Agustang   Jamaluddin Ahmad   Syafiuddin Saleh   and Syamsu A. Kamaruddin   Sustainable development through community empowerment requires the role of social capital. This research aims to find out the role of essential social capital and supporting social capital in empowering organic farmers toward sustainable agricultural development. The research method used is a qualitative method with Nvivo-12 plus tools. Researchers become the main instrument with data collection techniques using observation and in-depth interviews. The results of the study show that there are two main actors in empowering organic farmers, namely bureaucratic actors and entrepreneurial actors. Both actors recognize the essential role of utilized social capital in bonding and linking, while the support role of utilized social capital is in the form of linking. Bonding social capital is strengthened by the interaction of knowledge and work motivation; bridging social capital is determined by consistency and solutions to agricultural problems, and social linking capital is determined by price certainty and agricultural product certification. Bonding, bridging, and linking social capital empower communities toward sustainable agricultural development. The implication is that social capital has an essential role and a driving role in empowering organic farmers toward sustainable agricultural development.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Evaluation of the Efficiency of Vermicompost Prepared from Coffee
           

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Lalitha Soumya   G. Prakash Williams   D. Naveen Chandra   and Soonu   Coffee processing units generate a huge amount of solid waste such as coffee husk and coffee pulp. Waste disposal is a major concern in coffee producing countries. The easiest way is to keep it as landfill. But this leads to leaching of phytotoxic chemicals like caffeine, tannins, and polyphenols. These chemicals will contaminate the soil, reduce the population of useful microorganism and cause ecotoxicological problems. Therefore, we prepared vermicompost using this waste. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the efficiency of the vermicompost on the growth of coffee seedlings. The seedlings were grown on different concentrations of vermicompost and their growth rates were measured at 3 months intervals continuously for a period of 2 years. The phytotoxic chemicals present in the coffee waste were decreased significantly after vermicomposting. We tested different concentrations of vermicompost mixed with conventional potting mixture and the seedlings were grown. Seedlings grown on soil contaminated with raw coffee waste were taken as control. One of the prominent growth characteristics, the shoot length was taken as a criterion for morphological studies. The result showed that 40% of the vermicompost amendment gave significant growth in seedlings compared to those grown in the presence of the conventional potting mixture. Molecular studies including transcriptome sequencing were done to check the genes involved in the enhanced growth of the coffee seedling. Seedlings, which are grown on conventional potting mixture, were taken as a control and those grown at 40% vermicompost were taken as a test. The vermicompost-treated sample had a 20-fold increase in the genetic level expression of several proteins, including DNA replication licensing factors and minichromosome maintenance proteins (MCM) according to the KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) enrichment pathway. MCM proteins are essential for DNA replication. Seedlings grown in the presence of soil contaminated with raw coffee waste exhibited senescence. So we concluded that instead of keeping the coffee waste as landfills, recycling it as vermicompost and amending it as potting mixture for the growth of coffee seedlings is a novel idea.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Water Conservation with the Application of Partial Root Zone Drying
           Technique in Increasing the Growth and Production of Tomato

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  M. Idris   Imam Hartono Bangun   Armansyah   and Dermawan Hutagaol   Water conservation as an effort to efficiently use water is the main goal in overcoming drought/water scarcity for agriculture. One solution to overcome this condition is to use the Partial Rootzone Drying (PRD) technique, namely water application to some of the root zones. This study aimed to obtain the effective frequency of watering, the best tomato variety, and the combination of watering and the best variety for growth and production due to the application of partial root-zone drying. The research uses factorial RBD, which consists of factor I, namely the PRD technique, and factor II, namely variation. There were 12 treatment combinations, the number of replications was 3, the number of plants/plots = 9, and the total number of plants was 324. The results showed that: The PRD method was similar to applying water to the entire root zone comparison. Varieties affect crop production but do not affect vegetative growth and nutrient uptake of tomato plants as well as combinations of several varieties and watering techniques, either by giving water to the entire root area or by the PRD method.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • On the Use of Multi-criteria Decision Making Model for Selecting the
           Important Criteria in Meliponiculture

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Nor Akaliah Shaharudin   Syariza Abdul Rahman   Aida Mauziah Benjamin   Mohd Faizal Omar   and Mustafa Man   Meliponiculture is an activity of raising stingless bees to obtain bee products, mainly honey. Honey production by bees varies depending on various factors which also affect its amount and quality. Meliponiculturists practiced beekeeping in many ways to maximise honey production and its quality such as by considering location of beekeeping, apiary, flowers and plants. Nevertheless, there are many criteria that should be considered in meliponicultures in analysing its importance in producing good quality and quantity of honey. As it involves multiple conflicting criteria, different multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) techniques can be effectively applied to solve such type of problem. Thus, this paper applied MCDM techniques namely as Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP) and Weighted Sum Method (WSM) to rank the criteria. A set of questionnaires with nine criteria is distributed to meliponiculturists. The criteria were selected based on previous studies of apiculture and opinions from meliponiculture experts from Mardi Alor Setar. The criteria are (1) flowers and plants, (2) water and hydrology, (3) land features, (4) apiary, (5) human activities, (6) pest, (7) wind and humidity, (8) road network, and (9) temperature. The results were analysed based on individual and group ranking. Both individual and group results provide a slightly different ranking by using the MCDM techniques. This study provides an insight on the factors which affect the honey production and its quality in meliponiculture industry which could help optimizing the honey production.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Determination of the Amount of Premium and Indemnity in Shallot Farming
           Insurance

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Agung Prabowo   Sukono   and Mustafa Mamat   Insurance contract, including agricultural/crop insurance, involves premium payment by the insured and compensation payment by the insurer on the claim filed by the insured. The agricultural insurance premium in this research was calculated using Cash-or-nothing put option equation, while the amount of compensation was determined using the historical burn analysis (HBA) method, at different percentiles. This research was conducted using secondary data in the form of four-year daily rainfall, shallot production volume, and risk-free interest rate from Bank Indonesia. Primary data needed in this research were the cost for shallot planting per hectare per planting season of IDR 46,110,735. The research results with a percentile of 5% generate a premium of IDR 8,246,571. The rainfall calculation results in a window period from March to June with a window index in the form of total average dasarian (ten-day) adjusted rainfall in ascending order at an interval of 36.08 – 49.33 mm. Based on HBA method, full compensation of planting cost is given to farmers if rainfall is lower than or equal to the exit value of 36.08 mm in each percentile used. Meanwhile, partial compensation differs depending on percentile value. When percentile of 5% is used, then the compensation will be higher than the premium if rainfall is at an interval of 36.080 – 36.500 mm and lower if rainfall is at an interval of 36.500 – 36.743 mm. If rainfall is above 36.743 mm, there is no indemnity to be paid. At percentile 5%, rainfall 36.743 mm is the Trigger Value.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Growth, Flowering Performance and Seed Yield of Sunflower (Helianthus
           annuus) Applied with Fermented Fruit Juice and Rice Water

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Leilidyn Y. Zurbano   Mary Blaze Theres D. Merjudio   Diana Mitchel D. Alcantara   Sarah Jane Remando   and Heindrix Arela   The nutrients coming from Fermented Fruit Juice (FFJ) and rice water are known for improving the growth and characteristics of the plant. The objective of the study was to ascertain the impact of various FFJ concentrations in rice water on sunflower growth, flowering efficiency, and seed yield. Complete Randomized Design (CRD) was used to plan the experiment, which consisted of five treatments and six replications. The treatments were as follows: T1 – Chemical fertilizer (Control); T2 – 15 mL FFJ; T3 – 30 mL FFJ; T4 – 60 mL FFJ and T5 – 90 mL FFJ. All of the FFJ treatments were diluted in 1 liter of rice water. The data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Findings showed that there are significant differences in the sunflower's height among 5 treatments in which 30 ml of FFJ with rice water produced the tallest crop, biggest flower head (11 cm), the highest number (370.17pcs) and weight (22.67g) of sunflower seeds that led to higher Return on Investment (95.84%). While, in terms of flowering activity, sunflower applied with 60 mL of FFJ with rice water was the fastest to bear flowers.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Organic Agriculture in India: A Review of Current Status, Challenges, and
           Future Prospects

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Roshan Raj Bhujel   and Harisha G. Joshi   Organic agriculture has gained significant attention as a potential solution to India's food security challenges. This study aims to provide a comprehensive review of the existing literature on organic farming in India and to identify avenues for future research. This study aimed to examine the connection between organic farming practices and increased crop yields and agricultural output and assess the potential impact of organic agriculture on food security in India. The methodology involved a thorough review of relevant literature. The results of this study showed that organic agriculture has the potential to improve food security in India. However, further research is needed to understand this impact fully. The conclusions highlight the importance of long-term evaluations of the viability and scalability of organic farming as a solution to food security in India, as well as research on the economic and social variables impacting the acceptance and effectiveness of organic agricultural practices. This study also emphasizes the need for further studies comparing the outcomes of organic and conventional farming practices. The contribution of this study to the field is that it provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of organic farming in India and identifies areas for future research. The research limitations and implications and the practical and social implications of organic agriculture are also discussed. The limitation of this review is that the availability of data and information on the topic of organic agriculture in India might be limited, which can impact the comprehensiveness of the review and the ability to synthesize the existing literature fully.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Visceral Characteristics of Broiler Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus)
           Supplemented with Turmeric Rhizome Powder (Curcuma longa)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Rudy M. Camay   Curcumin is an active ingredient in turmeric known to serve as an antioxidant, anti-mutagen, and anti-carcinogen. A hundred broiler chickens were subjected to a feeding experiment subdivided into five treatments (0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, and 10 grams of turmeric rhizome powder per kilogram of basal diet) at four replications in a randomized complete block design and brooded at 15 days and 30 days under the feed trial to determine the effect of turmeric rhizome powder (TRP) on the visceral organs of broiler chickens. TRP increased the small intestinal length as well as the weight of the Fabricius bursa and liver (p < 0.05). TRP significantly reduced abdominal fat and small intestinal weight (p < 0.05). TRP administration did not alter the weight of the pancreas, heart, spleen, and gallbladder (p> 0.05). It is suggested that increased intestinal length improve water and nutrient absorption, whereas increased weight in the liver and bursa of Fabricius indicates an improved immune system in broiler chickens. More research into the serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase parameter in the blood to check the health state of the liver, as well as a confirmatory investigation on the influence of TRP on the heart's properties, is recommended.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Genetic Diversity and Population Structure Analysis of Arabica Coffee
           (Coffea arabica L.) Germplasm Collections in Burundi Based on DArTseq

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Jean Marie Vianney Niyoyankunze   Aggrey Bernard Nyende   Martina Kyallo   Anaclet Nibasumba   Gilbert Nduwayo   and Oluwaseyi Shorinola   Coffee is the most important export commodity that contributes significantly to the national economy and supports the livelihood of millions of people in Burundi. The lack of information on the diversity of the existing pool of advanced breeding materials and introduced accessions of Arabica coffee in Burundi has been a key limitation for coffee improvement and sustainable conservation. To address this limitation, DArTseq Genotyping by sequencing (GBS) was used to document the genetic diversity of the Arabica coffee collection in Burundi. We analyzed 255 Coffea arabica germplasm composed of hybrid, commercial varieties, and landraces. A total of 4036 SNPs were identified and 3488 of those were found to be anchored to the C. arabica chromosomes. After quality filtering, 3070 highly informative SNPs were used for Linkage Disequilibrium (LD) pruning leading to 1874 LD-pruned markers employed for further genetic diversity analyses. A complementary approach involving distance-based (hierarchical clustering and Principal Coordinate Analysis) and model-based (ADMIXTURE and Discriminant Analysis of Principal Component) methods congruently stratified these 255 Coffea arabica germplasm into four genetic clusters. The group membership of the clusters identified throughout the two methods was comparable. Admixture between coffee accessions was evaluated using ADMIXTURE, and the best-fit number of populations (clusters) based on cross-validation estimates was K = 4. Based on genetic diversity parameters including Polymorphism Information Content, heterozygosity, and overall minor allele frequency, a relatively low genetic diversity was observed between and within the genetics groups. The analysis of the coffee genetic variation through Principal Coordinate analysis indicated a low variation of 22.1% among the existing coffee genotypes. This study documents genetic diversity presented of the C. arabica genetic resources in Burundi. These findings can be used in selecting and introducing parents for breeding in this low-diversity collection to set up effective strategies for Arabica coffee improvement and conservation in Burundi.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • The Effects of Metallochlorophyll Formation and Pretreatment on Color,
           Chlorophyll Content, Total Phenolic Content, and Antioxidant Activity of
           Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata) Simplicia Powder

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Chatarina Lilis Suryani   Ichlasia Ainul Fitri   Elvanita Evlin   Norfakdah   and FX. Suwarta   This research aimed to produce sambiloto simplicia which is rich in chlorophyll and Zn through the process of forming metallochlorophyll by blanching either fresh or dry leaves. Sambiloto simplicia powder is produced through several stages including sorting, boiling in Zn acetate medium (0, 300, 400, 500 ppm), draining, drying, and grinding. The types of materials used are dry and fresh leaves material. The sambiloto simplicia powder was analyzed for chlorophyll content, bound Zn content, total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid content (TFC). Analysis of the antioxidant activity of sambiloto simplicia powder included lipid peroxidation inhibition (LPI) activity and DPPH radical scavenging capacity. The results show that the greater Zn acetate concentration, the green color intensity, chlorophyll content, bound Zn content, and total phenolic and flavonoid content of sambiloto simplicia powder increased, but at concentrations more than 300 ppm in dry leaves and more than 400 ppm in fresh leaves it decreased again. Simplicia powder from dry leaves by blanching at a concentration of 300 ppm and fresh leaves material at a concentration of 400 ppm had the highest contents of chlorophyll, TPC, TFC, and the ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation. At a concentration of Zn acetate of 300 ppm, the simplicia powder from the dry leaves had a higher RSA and LPI than the fresh leaves, but at a concentration of 400 ppm, the LPI from the fresh leaves was higher. The sambiloto simplicia powder could be a natural source of antioxidants as it is high in zinc.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Factors Influencing the Potential for Organic Agriculture of Phra Thaen
           Subdistrict Municipality, Tha Maka District, Kanchanaburi Province,
           Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Wanwipha Lao-arun   Apichart Jai-aree   and Prasong Tanpichai   The purposes of the research were to analyze the potential and factors affecting the organic agriculture potential of farmers in Phra Thaen subdistrict municipality, Tha Maka district, Kanchanaburi province. The data were collected from 389 persons of organic farmers, community leaders, community development officers, technical officers, and officers of the public and private sectors. The research used mixed methods, consisting of quantitative research combined with qualitative data, quantitative data analysis by descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression, and content analysis for qualitative data. The results found that the potential of organic agriculture of Phra Thaen Subdistrict Municipality in overall and individual aspects was at a high level, consisting of the potential of infrastructure, society and culture, economy, natural resources, and human resources, consistent with SWOT analysis. It found that the apparent potential of organic agriculture was the organic agriculture market for farmers in the community. The community was the way to the regional and national market; the irrigation system covered all areas; local scholars had knowledge and ability in organic agriculture, and community leaders focused on organic agriculture, including establishing an organic agriculture group, Phra Thaen Model Organic Agriculture. Factors affecting the organic agriculture potential of farmers in Phra Thaen subdistrict municipality were found that seven variables were leadership (X5), grouping (X6), agricultural area (X7), farming experience (X12), working capital (X4), expenditure (X3), and income (X2). It could explain the potential of organic agriculture at 77.9% with the multiple correlation coefficients (R) = 0.882, which can be written as a standard score equation: = 0.427Zx5 + 0.251Zx6 - 0.159Zx7 + 0.157Zx12 + 0.173Zx4 - 0.124Zx3 + 0.777Zx2 (1)
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Community-Based Mangrove Tourism Object Development in Kampung Nipah,
           North Sumatra, Indonesia

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Agus Purwoko   Kansih Sri Hartini   Mohammad Basyuni   and Marsonang Daud Situmorang   The mangrove ecosystem with its uniqueness is a natural resource that has the potential to be used as a tourist destination. Kampung Nipah Mangrove Beach in North Sumatra Province, Indonesia, is community-based tourism that has been managed sustainably and has the potential to become a source of prosperity for the community. This study aimed to analyze visitor assessments, the economic value of the existence of tourist objects, the intensity of visits, and factors that affect the intensity of visits at The Mangrove Beach of Kampung Nipah. Through this research, ratings were generated on various aspects of the management of tourist objects according to visitor assessments (such as natural beauty, security, spatial planning, facilities, and accessibility). The economic value of the existence of ecosystem-based tourism objects is obtained with the travel cost method (TCM) approach. The magnitude of the economic value illustrates the extent to which community-based mangrove tourism objects create spending from visitors, most of which becomes income for the communities involved. This study also produced information on the intensity of visits and factors influencing the intensity of visitors to travel. The results of this study are an important reference for managers and related stakeholders to improve services, attractiveness, and development of tourism object management.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • The Feasibility Synthesis of Growing Hemp Instead of Maize to Reduce Smog
           from Maize Stubble Burning in Northern Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Jukkaphong Poung-namchuen   and Tonglian Buwjoom   Smog problem from maize stubble burning was severe impact to the people in Northern Thailand. Planting other crops instead of maize such as hemp, might be a good way to reduced smog problem. Thus, this study attempted to synthesize the feasibility for growing hemp instead of maize by focusing on analysis of community context, farmers' knowledge, readiness, opinion, risk perception, needs, and factor relating needs for hemp growing instead of maize. Interview schedule with informal discussion technique including review related literature were employed for data collection from 185 maize farmers in 42 districts of 7 provinces and 15 representatives of the community organization, and public sector. Obtained quantitative data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and Analysis of Moment Structure, while semantics content analysis was applied for qualitative data analysis. The results reveal that in the past, hemp has been cultivated in 7 provinces of Northern Thailand among Hmong people by primitive way for cremation ceremony. Most of the farmers had rather high knowledge of growing hemp with readiness of pest management. They had favorable level of opinion, high level of risk perception and need of growing hemp. Finally, there is a high feasibility of growing hemp instead of maize to reduce smog problem for farmers. However, farmers' mindset and attitude adjustment of growing hemp should be concerned.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
  • Internet Tools in Marketing Communications of Agribusinesses in Ukraine

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2023
      Source:Universal Journal of Agricultural Research  Volume  11  Number  2  Oleg Kuzyk   Modern technologies have expanded into all spheres of the human activity, including a marketing one. As for the marketing sphere, it especially concerns promotion policies and marketing communications. The Internet allowed a lot of companies and business to get closer to their clients regardless of their location and their language. Because of the Internet advertising and its type, the companies got an opportunity to send messages to the strictly defined target audience and the consumers can sift them out and select only those of a special interest at a particular moment. Many technologies capable of boosting the effectiveness of the marketing communications requests have recently emerged, which determines the relevance of the study. Thus, the use of Google Ads, SEO promotion, and social media permits to analyse accurately the communications campaign results and establish strong feedback with a potential client. The aim of the study - the analysis of the spread of the Internet and social networks in Ukraine agribusiness, which testifies - considerable prospects of the Internet advertising and the Internet communications usage by agro-industries and companies. Despite the noteworthy advantages of these tools, the volumes and the level of their use by Ukrainian agribusiness are not sufficient neither in the B2C marketing nor in the B2B one. On the one hand, it is attributed to the focus of many agribusinesses on the external market. On the other hand, it is caused by the deficient understanding of marketing and its tools by companies. The coronavirus crisis with its restrictions proved the necessity to apply different Internet tools in all businesses in Ukraine, particularly in the agro-industries. The war made it difficult to use internet tools and forced us to adapt quickly to new realities. As a result of this article, an algorithm for positive marketing communication campaigns during the war was developed, it was concluded that they should employ modern means of communications with the target audience, resort to experience in other spheres, introduce marketing tools into their activities and cultivate an efficient marketing communication policy.
      PubDate: Apr 2023
       
 
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  Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 963 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (662 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (662 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 601 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RURALS : Review of Undergraduate Research in Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  
Science and Technology Indonesia     Open Access  
Science as Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientia Agricola     Open Access  
Scientia Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Seed Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Seed Science Research     Hybrid Journal  
Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Semiárida     Open Access  
Siembra     Open Access  
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Smart Agricultural Technology     Open Access  
Social & Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Social and Natural Sciences Journal     Open Access  
South African Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Economics : SAJE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Spatial Economic Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sri Lanka Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Stiinta Agricola     Open Access  
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Sugar Tech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sustainability Agri Food and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sustainability and Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science (SEAS)     Open Access  
Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
The Agriculturists     Open Access  
The Journal of Research, PJTSAU     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Trends in Agricultural Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Tropical Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems     Open Access  
Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales     Open Access  
Tropical Technology Journal     Open Access  
Tropicultura     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Science / Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Urban Agricultural & Regional Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Viticulture Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
VITIS : Journal of Grapevine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Weed Biology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Weed Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Welwitschia International Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
West African Journal of Applied Ecology     Open Access  
Wildlife Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Wirtschaftsdienst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
World Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
World Mycotoxin Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World's Poultry Science Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
علوم آب و خاک     Open Access  

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JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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