Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 963 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (662 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (662 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted by number of followers
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Land and Rural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Invertebrate Reproduction & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Italian Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EU Agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Apicultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Approaches to Extension Practice : A Journal of Agricultural Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social and Natural Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Organic Farming     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
International Letters of Natural Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Agriculture System     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access  
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Journal of Citrus Pathology     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite     Open Access  
Scientia Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Fave : Sección ciencias agrarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales     Open Access  
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
World Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Nativa     Open Access  
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
West African Journal of Applied Ecology     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Research and Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Information Processing in Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Ceiba     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
The Agriculturists     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Journal of Arid Land     Hybrid Journal  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems     Open Access  
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Bioagro     Open Access  
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Ciencia e Investigación Agraria     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Acta Technologica Agriculturae
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.247
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1335-2555 - ISSN (Online) 1338-5267
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [371 journals]
  • Experimental Study of Two Fallow Field Treatment Influence Methods on Soil
           Moisture Dynamics

    • Abstract: The yield of any crop depends on soil moisture. One of the moisture conservation technological methods is fallow in the form of soil mulch with a layer not exceeding a thickness of 5–6 cm. To create this, a harrow utilizing special working devices was designed. This paper presents the results obtained on the dynamics of changes in soil moisture in a fallow field treated with a new harrowing unit compared to a serial cultivator operating at a depth higher than 6 cm. It was observed that the soil moisture in the harrowed area of the fallow field was 1.4 times higher, while the moisture reserves were 2.2 times higher in contrast to the field with the agrotechnical environment, treated with the sweeps of a serial cultivator. The actual soil tillage depth uniformity reached with the new harrowing unit is higher in comparison to that of the basic cultivator unit because, according to the F-test, the dispersion of fluctuations in the field tillage depth by the former (0.64 cm2) is significantly less than that for the latter (3.24 cm2).
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Mathematical Prediction of Excavating Force and Power of Chain Type
           Trenching Machine

    • Abstract: A mathematical analysis was done to find out the factors that affect the excavating force and power of a chain type trenching machine. The mathematical analysis showed that the excavating force and power of the chain type trenching machine are affected by tool cutting speed, tool-cutting angle, angle between cutting movement and vertical direction, trench depth and width, coefficient of friction between soil and metal, soil cohesion resistance, and soil specific weight. The results of field experiments showed that the theoretical excavating force (Ftt) was lower than the actual excavating force by 4.0 kN and 3.5 kN for the 1.2 m and 1.5 m trench depth, respectively. The theoretical excavating power (Pr) was lower than the actual excavating power by 3.8% and 2.8% at a trench depth of 1.2 m and 1.5 m, respectively.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Corrosion Evaluation of Body in White Bimetallic Joints

    • Abstract: This scientific article deals with cyclic corrosion testing of bimetallic joints in order to describe the influence of different surface treatment as a protection against galvanic corrosion on bimetallic materials. Multi-material body parts joined with advanced manufacturing technologies are used to achieve the required car properties. Metallic materials have different values of electronegativity and joining increases the risk of corrosion. Different types of coatings are used to prevent galvanic corrosion, but each increases investments and costs. Galvanic corrosion affects the lifecycle of the car. Cyclic corrosion testing provides replicable results to estimate the range of corrosion in a real environment. Test specimens from different materials were riveted and treated with various surface treatments. The method and design of samples preparation is unique and reflects the reality more than current methods. It has not yet been published in any literature. The corrosion test was performed for 6 weeks. Samples were subjected to a salt mist with temperatures of 25 °C and 50 °C, wetting and drying phases. The samples were evaluated according to the standard EN ISO 4628-1:2016. Microscopic and energy-dispersive analysis were performed. Tests have shown considerable galvanic corrosion on uncoated samples. On the samples with ecoated surface galvanic corrosion was not recorded.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Performance Evaluation of Tillage Knife Discharge Microchannel

    • Abstract: Liquid mineral fertilizers (LMF) have a high sorption ability, can be metered precisely, and the intra-soil application of LMF is relevant. However, the agricultural equipment for this process that introduces the liquid fertilizer under processed soil layer in the form of a wide band has not yet been proposed. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the performance of a 102 mm wide rectangular discharge microchannel of the proposed soil tillage knife designed for deep tillage and intra-soil application of liquid fertilizers and to study the influence of the microchannel length (L) and slot height (h) on the uniformity of discharge. Solidworks Flow Simulation® was used during investigations, and simulation results were compared with experiment results. It has been determined that the effective slot height for water discharge at Vi = 3–4 m·s−1 is 0.1 (±0.01) mm, an effective microchannel length is 20 (±2) mm, and the influence of L depends on h. Sheet thickness will not change at a distance of 10–15 mm (b). Fall angle is 0–5°. In conclusion, the proposed discharge microchannel with asymmetrical feed is applicable for intra-soil application of LMF, and the surface tension effect has to be considered. A way to enhancing the sheet uniformity is the geometrical modification of feed channel shape.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Contribution for Establishment of Software for Determining the Tensile
           Strength of Agricultural Tools. Simple and Complex Shaped Tools

    • Abstract: The importance of evaluating the energy requirements of soil preparation operations is a concern of researchers specializing in agricultural equipment. To answer such a question, they have proposed several mathematical models for the evaluation of tensile strength. However, given the large number of parameters introduced in these models, the selection of one of these models under specific agro-pedological conditions often poses an issue. Knowing the difficulties of selecting a mathematical model from those proposed in literature, the work presented allows a judicious choice of the model to be used, taking into account the precise working conditions. The work employs the MERISE method (it is a method of analysis, design and management of IT projects) to realize this work. For these purposes, a computer program was designed to quickly determine the tractive effort from a system of information on predefined equipment and working conditions. This program is called DERT (Fr: Détermination de l‘Effort de Résistance à la Traction; En: Determination of Traction Resistance Effort) and grants the possibility to convert the traction effort into energy using the most appropriate mathematical model. This computer tool enables the establishment of a database on the tractive effort and energy requirements of mechanized agricultural work. Eighteen farms permitted testing the DERT program to evaluate the efforts using the appropriate models. A generalization of its use at the level of different farms will allow the creation of a national map of energy needs and thus the optimization of agricultural equipment and energy consumption.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Performance and Emission of Diesel Engine Fuelled by Commercial Bio-Diesel
           Fuels in Indonesia

    • Abstract: The performance and emission of a small diesel engine fuelled by commercial diesel fuel in Indonesia are present in this paper. Various commercial diesel fuels in Indonesia are produced and marketed by Pertamina. As the largest oil company in Indonesia, Pertamina has developed various diesel fuels, namely Solar, Biosolar (B30), Dexlite, and Pertadex. This study explains in more detail the performance, fuel consumption, and emission produced by the four types of fuels, and they were investigated experimentally using a single-cylinder diesel engine at various engine speeds, from 1,000 rpm to 4,500 rpm. The result shows the engine fuelled by Pertadex generates the highest power and torque, while the lowest is generated by the Biosolar fuelled engine. The maximum torque and power generated by the Pertadex fuelled engine are about 25.5 Nm and 7200 W, respectively. The engine fuelled by Pertadex has the lowest brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) of 0.3037 kg·kW·h, compared to the engines fuelled by the Dexlite, Solar, and Biosolar fuels, with values around 0.3127, 0.3215, and 0.3338 kg·kW·h, respectively. At the same time, the measurement of gas emissions, including CO2, CO, NOx, and HC was conducted simultaneously.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Evaluation and Impacts of Grape Harvester Parameters on Harvest Losses

    • Abstract: The subject of this study was to evaluate the visible crop losses during the mechanized harvesting of grapes, assess the impacts of changes in the machine parameters and thus to look for the possibility of reducing losses when utilizing this method of harvesting. A comparison with the amount of losses arising from the manual harvesting was also monitored. The research results indicated the average amount of total losses of 1.10–5.62% of harvested crop when utilizing mechanized harvesting. The monitoring revealed the losses occurring in the area of columns in the supporting structure. These ranged from 0.2% to 0.53% of harvested crop. Losses during manual harvesting were found at an average of 1.09% or 1.78%. This research explored how losses due to mechanized grape harvesting can be reduced.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Greenhouse Energy Analysis and Neural Networks Modelling in Northern Iraq

    • Abstract: This study aims to analyse the energy of cucumber production in a greenhouse and examine the application of a multilayer perceptron to predict the productivity of an agricultural region in Nineveh Governorate. The research data were collected from experiments including fuel, fertilisers, pesticides, seeds, workers, electricity, and the number of hours worked in agricultural processes to produce cucumber crops. The results showed that the total energy consumption of the cucumber was 46,432.013 MJ·ha−1, while the output energy was 53,127.727 MJ·ha−1. The fungicide energy consumption, herbicide energy consumption and electricity energy consumption are considered the most critical variable in cucumber plantation procedures; its significance is the relative values of 100%, 99.7% and 93.3%. The impacts of human labour, P fertiliser, diesel fuel and N fertiliser on cucumber operation were 25,725 MJ·ha−1, 548.596 MJ·ha−1, 3,011.178 MJ·ha−1 and 7,244.545 MJ·ha−1, respectively. This research concludes that a multilayer perceptron neural network algorithm helps predict cucumber production and shows that the trained neural network produced minimal errors, indicating that the test model could predict a cucumber crop yield in Nineveh province.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Accuracy Assessment of Devices Used for Distance Measuring in Dynamic
           Vehicle Tests

    • Abstract: The paper presented deals with the accuracy of three selected devices based on acceleration measurement: accelerometer – XL meter, the global position measurement device by VBox and the constructed 5th wheel, which allows a very accurate measurement of distance along with speed and acceleration of the vehicle. The accuracy of recordings was tested during various driving conditions when all the three measuring devices were attached to the vehicle. Measurements showed that GPS-based measuring devices level off and even surpass accelerometers when used in locations with a good view of the sky. The 5th wheel provided the most representative results, as the difference between average and real standard deviations of the measured distance were 0.78%, 1.38%, 3.48% for the 5th wheel, VBox GPS and XL meter, respectively. The accuracy of the 5th wheel and VBox can be considered very high when taking into account the fact that dynamic actions were monitored. The paper purpose is to point out the significance of measuring device selection in assessing the distance travelled by the vehicle.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Loss of Nutrients Through Soil Water Erosion in Calcic Chernozem

    • Abstract: The application of technology for water erosion control plays an essential role in development of sustainable agricultural systems. The paper presented observes the study results from a period of six years in terms of losses of mineral nitrogen and available forms of phosphorus and potassium in the cultivation of wheat and maize on sloping terrains (on calcic chernozem soil type) under the influence of water erosion processes. The impacts of four different types of technology (conventional technology performed along the slope; conventional technology applied across the slope; surface mulching; and minimum tillage with vertical mulching) on nutrient losses were tested. On average, the annual losses of mineral nitrogen, available forms of phosphorus and potassium in wheat production along the slope utilizing conventional technology were 6.0 kg·ha−1y−1, 1.6 kg·ha−1y−1, 5.9 kg·ha−1y−1, and 11.3 kg·ha−1y−1, 2.1 kg kg·ha−1y−1, 10.8 kg kg·ha−1y−1 in maize production. The lowest losses in these elements occurred with minimal employment of tillage system, as they reached values of 2.3 kg·ha−1y−1; 0.6 kg·ha−1y−1, 2.0 kg·ha−1y−1, respectively, in wheat production, and 1.7 kg·ha−1y−1, 0.3 kg·ha−1y−1, 1. kg·ha−1y−1, respectively, in maize production.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • A Study of Dynamic Loads of a Flexible Sectional Screw Conveyor

    • Abstract: When using complex spatial patterns for transportation, the straight screw conveyors have a series of obvious disadvantages. This paper presents a design of a flexible screw sectional working body that allows increasing the functional and operational characteristics of screw conveyors used in the transportation of bulk agricultural materials. A mathematical model of the dynamic system of a flexible screw conveyor has been established, and dynamic starting torques have been calculated at the rated load of loaded screw, and when the system is braking. Analysis of the results obtained shows that, with significant damping coefficients, the start-up transition process occurs smoothly, and the load reaches its rated value without torque and speed fluctuations. It has been established that fast braking significantly increases the dynamic loads that may exceed the maximum critical torque of the electric motor (by 50–70% on average) and the rated load torque (by 2.5–3 times).
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Changes in the Key Physicochemical Parameters and Selected Trace Elements
           of Oil Due to Its Use in Hydraulic System of Woodworking Equipment

    • Abstract: The research presented supported a comprehensive assessment of the condition of real oil samples of the HM quality class and VG 46 viscosity grade as functions of oil usage time in the hydraulic system of two round timber sorting and transport carriages (RSTWI and RSTWII) Baljer & Zembrod intended for handling wood logs by following the degradation and concentration of abrasive metals in the oil. The oil data were collected every Δ = 500 operating hours during one year by off-line monitoring of hydraulic oil. Measured values were compared to the acceptability limits. Multivariate associations were analysed using a principal component analysis (PCA; Statistica 12.0) to describe the patterns of co-variation among the examined traits. Based on the data obtained, it was observed that the oil in RSTWI was more oxidatively stressed in contrast to the oil in RSTWII despite it being subjected to an excessive wear mode.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Exergo-Environmental Optimization of a Diesel Engine

    • Abstract: Currently, more than half of the road transport fleet uses diesel engines, which are often identified as the primary source of air pollution. This parameter is enough to optimize engine performance and emissions. The engine optimization can be done using several methods, the most notably by modifying the engine structure, changing the type of fuel using additives and biofuels, or achieving the optimal operating range of the engine. Modifying the engine structure and addition of different kinds of materials to optimize fuel is not recommended either due to necessity of vast time input, financial resources, or extensive research. However, the third way to achieve optimal engine performance conditions can be the most accessible option. According to the results, the best operational load for diesel engine is approx. 94–95% of the full load from the multi-objective optimization point of view, indicating that the optimum load can be achieved before the full load condition. At this point, the operator can achieve the brake power of 198.45 kW and brake thermal efficiency of 40.7% in the presence of brake specific fuel consumption of 0.226 kg·kWh−1. At this condition, CO2 emission is 124.85 g·kWh−1, NOx emission 7.34 g·kWh−1, CO emission 0.6 g·kWh−1, unburnt hydrocarbon emission approx. 0.009 g·kWh−1, and soot formation approx. 0.006 g·kWh−1. This point is equal to the exergy efficiency of approx. 35% and the exergy destruction of approx. 45%. In terms of endpoint results, this condition achieved the impact indices of 7.96E-007 in terms of human health, 0.105 PDF·m2·yr. in terms of ecosystem quality, 0.24 kg CO2 eq. in terms of climate change, and 12.96 MJ in terms of resources.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Compressive Loading of Apple Cultivar Golden Delicious

    • Abstract: The study dealt with the experimental and numerical assessment of the apple cultivar Golden Delicious (Malus domestica L.) at compressive loading in lateral direction. The development of fruit hemisphere behaviour was examined between two parallel plates. Apple samples were subjected to tests at different strain rates. The experiments were conducted at eleven velocities from 10 to 350 mm·min−1 for the purposes of achieving different strain rates. Compression tests of the fruits at different strain rates corresponded to the quasi-state loading. Impacts of loading rate and strain rate on force and stress at compression were studied. The material exhibited nonlinear behaviour of dependency of stresses on strains, but linear viscoelastic behaviour of dependency of stresses on strain rate. The application possibilities of Kelvin-Voight viscoelastic model were evaluated. Forces, strains, stresses and the apparent moduli of elasticity were evaluated for the detection of fruit damage at different strain rates.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Paraplough and Mouldboard Plow Performance Evaluation for Seedbed
           Preparation and Supporting Conservation Tillage

    • Abstract: The final yield of agricultural products depends on the effective factors during the growing season of plants, especially the size of soil aggregates and proper size distribution of aggregates. Therefore, it is very important to select appropriate tillage implement and to provide a suitable seedbed in terms of aggregate size with the least energy consumption. It is a new idea to use paraplough and winged-paraplough as tools for seedbed preparation. To measure and determine the factors affecting the mean weight diameter (MWD) of aggregates and percentage of crop residues on the soil surface, a series of field trials were performed in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with five replications. The trials were conducted at three forward speeds of 2, 5 and 7 km·h−1 and three operating depths of 0–10; 0–20; 0–30 cm using the mouldboard plough and the paraplough with different wing configurations (without wings, with forward wings, with backward wings). The main impacts of implemented type, forward speed and operating depth and their mutual binary effects were significant at P <1% for both the MWD of aggregates and percentage of remaining residue. The highest MWD of aggregates was related to mouldboard plough (5.59 mm) and the lowest value was related to paraplough with backward wings (2.9 mm). It was found that the winged paraplough created a good pulverization in the soil and sustained a high percentage of crop residues on the soil surface. This issue can be very useful and important in the conservation tillage and the conservation of soil resources, especially in the water deficient areas where the soil is prone to erosion.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Assessment of the New Digital Side Mirror Technology from Driver’s
           Subjective Point of View Considering Traffic Safety

    • Abstract: The automotive industry is experiencing an era of technological innovations from conventional passenger cars, trucks to agricultural machinery. Digital side mirror technology is one of the latest topics in the field of advanced driver assistance systems which is developing rapidly. This study evaluates the applicability of digital side mirror technology in the car interior, based on drivers’ feedbacks. The research was conducted in the form of a questionnaire to determine the drivers’ reactions and affinity to new technology, based on personal experience gained in simulated traffic and also in real traffic situations. The data obtained from this research were then subjected to Pearson’s Chi-squared test to evaluate the drivers’ dependence and comfort with the digital side mirror technology. Subsequently, mainly statistically significant dependencies in the preferences of individual drivers were sought due to their personal and anthropometric parameters. The results published in this study can be used mainly to understand the process by which drivers form an opinion on new technology which may be key to their further stance on the technology and may also affect the commercial success of digital mirror technology during their involvement in serial production.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Influence of Zinc Coatings Mechanical Pre-Treatments for the Formation of
           Environmentally Friendly Passivation Duplex Anti-Corrosion Systems

    • Abstract: The paper content is focused on the various evaluation methods of mechanical pre-treatment of hot-dip galvanized surface performed in order to increase the organic paint adhesion (both synthetic and waterborne). Emphasis was placed on low volatile organic compounds (VOC) values in coating systems. Corrosion degradation of the tested coatings was also monitored. The mechanical surface pre-treatment was performed using a standard technology, so-called sweeping, with synthetic corundum with F40 grain size (these samples served as a standard). Alternative methods that can be used in operations without blasting equipment were also investigated. These included regrinding with two different grain sandpapers (P40 and P100) and regrinding with a corrosion resistant steel brush (wire diameter 0.3 mm). The surface texture was evaluated in accordance with the ČSN EN ISO 4287 standard. Corrosion-mechanical resistance was evaluated by a pull-off adhesion test (according to the ČSN EN ISO 4624 standard) and in a salt spray environment (according to the ČSN EN ISO 9227 standard). Based on the obtained results, mechanical pre-treatment with a corrosion resistant steel brush and possibly P100 grit sandpaper can be recommended, as pre-treatment with these tools showed statistically the best corrosion-mechanical properties.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Multi-Temporal Detection of Agricultural Land Losses Using Remote Sensing
           and Gis Techniques, Shanderman, Iran

    • Abstract: Over the last decades, north of Iran underwent remarkable land use/cover changes due to socio-economic and environmental factors. This study, focused on agricultural land changes for the period of 1990–2020 at Shanderman, Iran, employed Landsat 5 TM, and Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS images. A supervised maximum likelihood classification technique was utilized for the purposes of satellite data classification to four classes: agricultural land, forest, grassland, and built-up area. Results of land change modeller showed that, during the last three decades, agricultural land, grassland and forest decreased by 42.81%, 35.50%, and 4.05%, respectively, while built-up area increased by 361.23%. Most of the losses in agriculture areas occurred in 1990–2011 (44.64%). The predominant losses in 2011–2020 belonged to the forestland (12.47%), making them approx. 3.44 times higher than in 1990–2011. The results highlight the need for serious attention to the deforestation phenomenon, which leads to the conversion of forest into agricultural and built-up areas.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sizes of Soil Chip Cut By a Continuously Operating Planting Hole Digging
           Machine with an Active Tillage Unit

    • Abstract: Planting hole digging is a minimal tillage method, which is beneficial in terms of reducing energy consumption and preventing erosion. Current popular planting hole diggers work intermittently, which results in low productivity. A continuous-operating hole digging machine with an active tillage unit can solve this issue. However, the theoretical basis for this type of digger has not yet been developed; this is also true for the issue of determining the chip thickness – one of the main technical characteristics which significantly influences energy and agrotechnical indicators of active soil tillage. This paper presents research results of determining the soil chip cut thicknesses and observing of new cutting surface under a continuous operation of hole digging machine with an active tillage unit. At the same time, impacts of factors such as the number of knives and the kinematic factor on soil chip sizes are studied. The soil chip size determination and investigation of influence of kinematic and structural parameters on it is conducted via numerical simulation using MATLAB software. The key factors include kinematic factor λf and the number of knives on one cross-section of the tiller’s rotor Z. When λf and Z increase, the maximum average thicknesses decrease gradually; and vice versa, the new specific cutting surface decreases almost linearly. The results are considered a basis for the selection of final parameters for the construction and operation of one machine to meet agronomic requirements.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Drawbar Performance of Tractor Tyres with Steel Spikes At 100%-Wheel Slip

    • Abstract: A driving wheel is a part of a tractor, which transmits forces from a tyre to the ground. Therefore, it affects the tractor movement and the pulling of an implement. The paper is aimed at a tractive performance evaluation of special driving wheels based on drawbar pull at 100%-slip. These wheels consist of steel spikes to be applied in the base or working position. The design is characterized by the spikes placed in a tyre-tread pattern. The rubber lugs of the tyre are higher than spikes, therefore, they are not in contact with the ground in the base position. The spikes in the working position exceed the tyre diameter to be in contact with the ground. Tests were performed on a grass plot at a relatively low soil moisture. The spike tyres were compared with the standard tyres using a sub-compact tractor. An increase in drawbar pull reached a statistically significant value of 15.9% in the 2nd gear and 16.7% in the 1st gear.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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