Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council     Open Access  
Journal of Nuts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Stress Physiology     Open Access  
Journal of Population Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Resources Development and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Rubber Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Rural and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review     Open Access  
Journal of Sugar Beet     Open Access  
Journal of Sugarcane Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal AGROSAINS dan TEKNOLOGI     Open Access  
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Terapan Universitas Jambi : JIITUJ     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Spermonde     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Tanah Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi & Industri Hasil Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
La Granja : Revista de Ciencias de la Vida     Open Access  
La Técnica : Revista de las Agrociencias     Open Access  
Laimburg Journal     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
Latin American Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Livestock Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Magazín Ruralidades y Territorialidades     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Maskana     Open Access  
Measurement : Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Meyve Bilimi     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
Millenium : Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health     Open Access  
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Molecular Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Mundo Agrario     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Mycopath     Open Access  
Mycorrhiza     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nativa     Open Access  
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies     Open Access  
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nexo Agropecuario     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NJAS : Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Open Agriculture Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Organic Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Farming     Open Access  
OUSL Journal     Open Access  
Outlook on Agriculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Outlooks on Pest Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Pacific Conservation Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paddy and Water Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Park Watch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Partners in Research for Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Pedobiologia     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pedosphere     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Pest Management Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Phytopathology Research     Open Access  
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenome Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Potato Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practical Hydroponics and Greenhouses     Full-text available via subscription  
Precision Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
PRIMA : Journal of Community Empowering and Services     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Producción Agropecuaria y Desarrollo Sostenible     Open Access  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns Agraris     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rangeland Ecology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rangelands     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Recent Research in Science and Technology     Open Access  
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Reproduction and Breeding     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
Research Journal of Seed Science     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Revista Bio Ciencias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Tecnologia Agropecuária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología El Higo     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Investigaciones Agroindustriales     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Agrário e Agroambiental     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación en Agroproducción Sustentable     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Competências Digitais para Agricultura Familiar     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Viticultura, Agroindustria y Ruralidad     Open Access  
Revista Ingeniería Agrícola     Open Access  
Revista Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Rurales     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista Mundi Meio Ambiente e Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Universitaria del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rona Teknik Pertanian     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RURALS : Review of Undergraduate Research in Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.895
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1385-1314 - ISSN (Online) 1573-0867
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Nitrogen budget and critical load determination at a Sahelian grazed
           grassland site

    • Abstract: Abstract Based on rare and original in situ measurements together with published data, we estimate a complete nitrogen (N) budget for a semi-arid Sahelian grazed grassland located in Dahra (Senegal) in 2014 and 2017. Nitrogen inputs include biological fixation, dry and wet atmospheric deposition, and input from livestock manure. Nitrogen outputs include nitric oxide (NO) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from soils, NO and ammonia (NH3) emissions from biomass burning, NH3 volatilization from manure, ingestion from livestock grazing, uptake by trees and soil leaching. Nitrogen inputs ranged between 11.7 ± 0.5 and 34.4 ± 0.5 kg N ha−1 yr−1 for low and high estimates respectively, and N outputs ranged between 16.4 ± 1.5 and 45.7 ± 1.5 kg N ha−1 yr−1 for low and high estimates respectively, on average for both years. Nitrogen depletion was estimated between 4.7 ± 2.0 and 11.3 ± 2.0 kg N ha−1 yr−1, which involves N mining from soils. The budget is dominated by the impact of livestock through grazing (63% of the outputs), NH3 volatilization (15% of the outputs), manure (68% of the inputs) and atmospheric deposition (19% of the inputs). The N critical load (Steady State Mass Balance method) ranged from 16.7 ± 0.8 to 47.5 ± 1.7 kg N ha−1 yr−1, showing that the grazed grassland of Dahra was not yet threatened by an excess of N. The assessment of the critical load in Sahelian landscapes depends heavily on livestock participation to the ecosystem equilibrium.
      PubDate: 2022-08-02
  • Split N application and DMP based nitrification inhibitors mitigate N2O
           losses in a soil cropped with winter wheat

    • Abstract: Abstract Nitrogen (N) fertilization to crops might lead to formation and release of reactive N—e.g. nitrate, ammonium, ammonia, nitrous oxide (N2O) —, contributing to eutrophication, atmospheric pollution, and climate change. Use of nitrification inhibitors and splitting of N fertilizer may reduce the N2O emission from arable soils cropped with winter wheat. We tested different N fertilizers treated with 3,4-dimethylpyrazol phosphate (DMPP) and 3,4-dimethylpyrazol succinic acid (DMPSA) by applying 180 kg N ha−1 in different N splitting strategies in a full annual field experiment on a loamy soil in Southwest Germany. A threefold split fertilization led to an emission of 2.3 kg N2O–N ha−1 a−1 (corresponding to a reduction of 19%) compared to a single application of ammonium sulphate nitrate (ASN) (p = 0.07). A single application rate of ASN with DMPP resulted in an emission of 1.9 kg N2O–N ha−1 a−1 and reduced N2O emissions from an ASN treatment without NI by 33%. Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN) with DMPSA reduced N2O emissions during the vegetation period by 38% compared to CAN without a nitrification inhibitor, but this was offset by high emissions after harvest, which was driven by soil tillage with an annual reduction of 26% (CAN: 2.9 kg N2O–N ha−1 a−1; CAN + DMPSA: 2.1 kg N2O–N ha−1 a−1; p = 0.11). Among our tested treatments, a twofold split application of ASN with DMPP efficiently reduced N2O emissions and maintained grain yield when compared to the traditional system with threefold application without nitrification inhibitor. Despite resulting in lower protein contents in the twofold split application, this treatment should be further investigated as a potential compromise between wheat yield and quality optimization and climate protection.
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
  • Direct and plant community mediated effects of management intensity on
           annual nutrient leaching risk in temperate grasslands

    • Abstract: Abstract Grassland management intensity influences nutrient cycling both directly, by changing nutrient inputs and outputs from the ecosystem, and indirectly, by altering the nutrient content, and the diversity and functional composition of plant and microbial communities. However, the relative importance of these direct and indirect processes for the leaching of multiple nutrients is poorly studied. We measured the annual leaching of nitrate, ammonium, phosphate and sulphate at a depth of 10 cm in 150 temperate managed grasslands using a resin method. Using Structural Equation Modeling, we distinguished between various direct and indirect effects of management intensity (i.e. grazing and fertilization) on nutrient leaching. We found that management intensity was positively associated with nitrate, ammonium and phosphate leaching risk both directly (i.e. via increased nutrient inputs) and indirectly, by changing the stoichiometry of soils, plants and microbes. In contrast, sulphate leaching risk was negatively associated with management intensity, presumably due to increased outputs with mowing and grazing. In addition, management intensification shifted plant communities towards an exploitative functional composition (characterized by high tissue turnover rates) and, thus, further promoted the leaching risk of inorganic nitrogen. Plant species richness was associated with lower inorganic nitrogen leaching risk, but most of its effects were mediated by stoichiometry and plant community functional traits. Maintaining and restoring diverse plant communities may therefore mitigate the increased leaching risk that management intensity imposes upon grasslands.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
  • Long-term K fertilization effects on soil available K, grain yield, and
           plant K critical value in winter wheat

    • Abstract: Abstract This study takes advantage of Swiss long-term field experiments (> 30 yrs) with different K fertilization rates at three sites to (i) test the possibility to generalize linear relationships between K extracts (ammonium acetate, K-AA; ammonium acetate EDTA, K-AAE; water, K-H2O; and water saturated with CO2, K-CO2), (ii) determine the K fertilization effect on soil exchangeable K, (iii) determine the K fertilization effect on shoot biomass and grain yield of winter wheat, (iv) analyze the possibility to derive a soil K critical value, and (v) determine a critical plant K (Kc) dilution curve as a function of shoot biomass (SB) using a “classical” and a Bayesian method. Shoot biomass during the growing season, grain yield, and four soil extracts were measured in 2018 after more than 30 years with four to five rates of K fertilization. Unpublished data of soil K-AAE concentrations, and grain yield and K concentrations since the start of the experiments were also used to analyze the relationship between soil K-AAE and the cumulative K budget. The K-AA and K-AAE concentrations can be converted from one to the other [K-AAE = 26.8 + (1.11 × K − AA)], while the relationship between K-H2O and K-CO2 depends on soil pH. The K-AAE concentrations were positively related to the cumulative K budget for K-AAE ranges from a minimal K concentration up to a K holding capacity that were specific to each site. The lack of K fertilization during several decades decreased shoot biomass in 2018 and grain yield over the course of the experiments at only one of the three sites. The K-AAE values corresponding to non-limiting soil K conditions at this site (50—75 mg K kg−1) were close to the critical values previously reported but the large range suggests that more soil parameters should be taken into account to improve the accuracy of the fertilization guidelines. The Bayesian and “classical” methods used for estimating the Kc curve yielded similar results (Kc = 58.21 × SB−0.45) that should be confirmed in future studies under a range of pedoclimatic conditions along with the effect of other nutrients and wheat cultivars.
      PubDate: 2022-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-022-10208-2
  • Similar distribution of 15N labeled cattle slurry and mineral fertilizer
           in soil after one year

    • Abstract: Abstract Targeted use of animal manures as a nitrogen (N) fertilizer is challenging because of their poorly predictable N fertilizer value. An enhanced understanding of their N transformation processes in soil under field conditions is necessary to better synchronize N availability and crop N demand. 15N labeled cattle slurry, produced by feeding a heifer with 15N labeled ryegrass hay, was used in an on-farm trial on two neighboring fields, cropped with maize or grass-clover, in order to assess crop N uptake and N dynamics in the topsoil. Recovery of applied total N in plant biomass was higher for mineral fertilizer (Min) (45–48%) than for slurry (Slu) (17–22%) when applied at the same rate of mineral N. Also, N derived from fertilizer in plant biomass was higher for Min than for Slu, due to both greater NH3 emissions and greater initial immobilization of slurry N. Despite initial differences between the two in the relative distribution of residual fertilizer N in soil N pools, already in the following spring the majority (77–89%) of residual N from both fertilizers was found in the non-microbial organic N pool. Of the applied total N, 18–26% remained in the topsoil after the first winter for Min, compared to 32–52% for Slu. Thus, the proportion of fertilizer N not taken up by the first crop after application, enters the soil organic N pool and must be re-mineralized to become plant available.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-022-10205-5
  • Improving nitrogen use efficiency in irrigated cotton production

    • Abstract: Abstract Irrigated cotton in Australia is mainly grown on heavy textured soils which are prone to waterlogging, resulting in significant losses of nitrogen (N) via denitrification and surface run-off. This study investigated fertiliser nitrogen use efficiency (fNUE) over three seasons on five commercial cotton farms using the 15N tracer technique. Fertiliser NUE was consistently low across all fertilised treatments, with on average 47% of the applied fertiliser lost and only 17% of the N taken up by the crop derived from fertiliser. There was no significant effect of different N fertiliser products and rates on cotton lint yield. High lint yields (0.9–3.6 Mg ha−1) could be achieved even without the application of N fertiliser, demonstrating mineralisation of soil organic N, residual fertiliser, or N returned with crop residues, as key source of N in these cropping systems. Using the nitrification inhibitor DMPP and overhead instead of furrow irrigation showed potential to reduce N fertiliser losses. The results demonstrate that under current on-farm management fNUE is low on irrigated cotton farms in Australia and highlight the need to account for soil N stocks and mineralisation rates when assessing optimized fertiliser rates. There is substantial scope to improve fNUE and reduce N losses without any impact on lint yield, by adjusting N fertiliser application rates, in particular in combination with the use of the nitrification inhibitor DMPP. Using overhead instead of furrow irrigation is a promising approach to improve not only water use efficiency, but also fNUE in irrigated cotton systems.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-022-10204-6
  • Oat catch crop efficacy on nitrogen leaching varies after forage crop

    • Abstract: Abstract This study tested the effect of oat catch crops on mineral nitrogen (N) leaching losses from cool season fodder beet grazing. Undisturbed soil monolith lysimeters were collected from two grassland sites with soils featuring contrasting texture and water holding capacity (WHC) characteristics. After simulated fodder beet grazing in late autumn or winter, synthetic dairy cow urine was applied. Nitrogen leaching losses were measured from lysimeters sown with oats after urine application and compared with those under fallow conditions until spring. Oat dry matter (DM) production and N uptake measurements were obtained. Sowing oats reduced total mineral N leaching losses by up to 59%. Reductions in mineral N leaching were inconsistently affected by soil type but were strongly influenced by urine application timing. Nitrogen uptake by oats (52–143 kg N ha−1) drove reductions in N leaching losses compared with fallow soil. Oats yielded 4–17 t DM ha−1, and both yield and N uptake were strongly affected by urine application timing (winter > autumn) and soil type (high WHC > low WHC). Sowing oats after fodder beet grazing instead of leaving the ground fallow can reduce the environmental impacts of these systems, while simultaneously increasing annual feed supply. Catch crop gains can be maximised by avoiding or delaying autumn grazing of fodder beet, particularly on low WHC soils.
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-022-10201-9
  • Assessment of potassium soil balances and availability in high yielding
           rice systems

    • Abstract: Abstract Plant demand for K in rice is comparable to nitrogen. With yields and management practices changing, refining K fertility management and decision-making tools is necessary. Our objectives were to determine (1) how soil K balances affect soil K indices, (2) the best soil test indicator of plant K availability, and (3) the relationships between plant and soil K indices. We assessed soil (plow layer) and flag-leaf samples from 55 commercial rice fields in California. Growers provided historical information on K fertility practices, straw management, and yields to develop a soil K balance. A soil K balance average of − 15 kg K ha−1 yr−1 (range: − 72 to 47) suggested an increased likelihood of K infertility; however, K balance was not correlated with soil K indices or flag-leaf K. This, plus the potential for K losses and fixation of surplus K, suggests that attempting to build up soil K may not be an effective strategy. Soil K indices were poorly correlated with plant K, but 1 N NH4OAc-extractable K (Kext) was the best of the K indices tested. Soils that were low in Kext had low clay content, CEC, and K saturation, a high Ca + Mg:K ratio, and showed evidence of K fixation. Soil K varied regionally and may be related to irrigation water and soil parent material. The critical level for Kext (currently 60 mg K kg−1) may need to be revised based on our findings, as there was evidence of K deficiencies above this concentration.
      PubDate: 2022-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-022-10200-w
  • Modeling tillage and manure application on soil phosphorous loss under
           climate change

    • Abstract: Abstract Phosphorus (P) losses from non-point sources into receiving water bodies play a significant role in eutrophication. Given their failure to adequately control eutrophication in the Lake Erie, conservation recommendations for agricultural watersheds should be reconsidered, particularly under climate change. Using the Environmental Policy Integrated Climate model, the potential impacts on crop yield, surface runoff, tile drainage, and relevant dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) losses from manure-amended corn-soybean rotation plots in the Lake Erie basin were estimated for six tillage methods with different mixing efficiencies and manure broadcast application. These were investigated under twelve different regional and global future climate simulations. Tillage alone proved to have only a minor impact on mean corn yield (± 2%). Climate change led to large uncertainties under the single tillage treatment. As a result of the combined effects of biogeochemical processes (e.g., supply) and hydrological (e.g., transport), strong negative relationships (R2 = 0.98) were found between tillage mixing efficiency and DRP loss in surface runoff, tile drainage, and total DRP loss. The impacts of combined manure application (broadcast) and tillage on crop yield and flow volume were similar as those of tillage alone. With respect to total DRP losses, the effects of labile P content change outweighed those of surface runoff or tile drainage change (hydrologic). This resulted in a change in total DRP losses ranging from − 60% to + 151%, with being closely correlated with decreasing tillage mixing efficiency (R2 = 0.94) from moldboard to no-till. Therefore, rotational tillage should be considered for DRP loss reduction and energy saving.
      PubDate: 2022-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-022-10192-7
  • Agri-environmental implications of N- and P-based manure application to
           perennial and annual cropping systems

    • Abstract: Abstract Continuous manure application based on crop nitrogen (N) requirements could substantially increase field nutrient losses from croplands. Although phosphorus-based (P) manure application is an alternative, crops may suffer from potential microbial P immobilization and fixation of P in soil. A three-year study (2012–2014) was carried out in Manitoba, Canada, to evaluate the agronomic and environmental benefits and tradeoffs between N- and P-based liquid and solid swine manure applications on previously established (2009) annual (ACS) and perennial (PCS) cropping systems. The N-based solid manure produced greater aboveground biomass and grain yields of barley than the unfertilized control in the ACS. The N-based liquid manure produced greater biomass than the control in the PCS. Phosphorus-based treatments produced statistically similar canola oilseed grains as the N-based treatments. Seeding the PCS to canola in 2013 produced greater aboveground biomass yields than the ACS; however, the canola oilseed yields were not significantly different between the two systems. The N-based solid manure application increased Olsen P by approximately 30 mg kg−1 in both cropping systems during the three-year study period. Both N- and P-based liquid manure treatments and the N-based solid manure treatment lost significantly greater nitrate through leaching than the control in 2013, when most leaching losses occurred. Our study also showed that some of the environmental benefits of the perennial cropping system, such as reduced nitrate leaching, could be lost when converted to an annual cropping system.
      PubDate: 2022-02-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10187-w
  • Cell signalling compound improves pasture and livestock productivity and
           the environment

    • Abstract: Abstract A biogenic agricultural compound enables pasture to synthesise more soluble sugars and delivers benefits attributable to bioactive molecules: phenylpropanoids. Phenylpropanoids are plant secondary compounds that help plants overcome biotic and abiotic stress to increase pasture quality and yield. When consumed by ruminants, phenylpropanoids improve the conversion efficiency of pasture protein to milk and meat. The effect of this compound, trademarked Biozest™, on pasture and ruminant efficiency was evaluated via split block trials followed by full scale, full life cycle, on-farm trials. Aspects measured include pasture resilience, quality and productivity, livestock productivity and urea excretion. Biozest™ improved pasture resilience, quality, and yield by over 75%. Soluble sugar content of the pasture increased (18%). When livestock grazed Biozest™ treated pasture, urea excretion was reduced (20–48%), and milk and meat production increased (30%). The pasture, livestock productivity and urea benefits of Biozest™ have been established. Trial results support the following inferences. First, the fermentation of the increased soluble carbohydrates in Biozest treated pasture would result in increased propionates and less acetoclastic methanogenesis. Second, the reduction in urea excretion and increase in livestock productivity would result from a reduction in the proportion of dietary protein digested to ammonia and reduced deamination of some of the ammonia to urea. Further, due to the reduced deamination, fewer carbonyls and hydride moieties would be available for methylotrophic and hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis. Future work may include quantification or modelling of increased carbon dioxide sequestration and quantification of the reduction in nitrous oxide and methane emissions.
      PubDate: 2022-02-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-022-10194-5
  • Slurry acidification outperformed injection as an ammonia
           emission-reducing technique in boreal grass cultivation

    • Abstract: Abstract Ammonia (NH3) constitutes the single largest loss of manure nitrogen (N), making measures targeted at reducing its emissions meaningful for the environment and the overall efficiency of manure N use. In this study, the performance of two emission-reducing techniques, acidification and injection, were studied in a field experiment with grass ley over two growing seasons. Emissions of NH3, crop growth, and N use efficiency were determined from plots fertilized with cattle slurry either band spread, injected or band spread after acidification. The approximate cumulative NH3 losses from the plots with band-spread untreated slurry amounted to about 22 kg NH3-N ha−1 over the observation periods in 2017 and 10 kg NH3-N ha−1 in 2018. The injection and acidification reduced the estimated cumulative NH3 emissions by 43 and 95% respectively in 2018, and both by 97% in 2017. In 2017, the emission-reducing techniques had no impacts on crop growth, but in 2018, acidification increased dry matter yield by 29% and apparent N recovery by 65% compared with band-spread untreated slurry. According to the current results, acidification consistently produced the lowest NH3 emissions and a discernible positive yield effect. It can therefore be recommended instead of injection for reducing NH3 emissions in boreal grass cultivation.
      PubDate: 2022-01-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10190-1
  • Quantifying the prevalence of (non)-response to fertilizers in sub-Saharan
           Africa using on-farm trial data

    • Abstract: Abstract Poor and variable crop responses to fertilizer applications constitute a production risk and may pose a barrier to fertilizer adoption in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Attempts to measure response variability and quantify the prevalence of non-response empirically are complicated by the fact that data from on-farm fertilizer trials generally include diverse nutrients and do not include on-site replications. The first aspect limits the extent to which different studies can be combined and compared, while the second does not allow to distinguish actual field-level response variability from experimental error and other residual variations. In this study, we assembled datasets from 41 on-farm fertilizer response trials on cereals and legumes across 11 countries, representing different nutrient applications, to assess response variability and quantify the frequency of occurrence of non-response to fertilizers. Using two approaches to account for residual variation, we estimated non-response, defined here as a zero agronomic response to fertilizer in a given year, to be relatively rare, affecting 0–1 and 7–16% of fields on average for cereals and legumes respectively. The magnitude of response could not be explained by climatic and selected topsoil variables, suggesting that much of the observed variation may relate to unpredictable seasonal and/or local conditions. This implies that, despite demonstrable spatial bias in our sample of trials, the estimated proportion of non-response may be representative for other agro-ecologies across SSA. Under the latter assumption, we estimated that roughly 260,000 ha of cereals and 3,240,000 ha of legumes could be expected to be non-responsive in any particular year.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10174-1
  • Restoring nutrient circularity in a nutrient-saturated area in Germany
           requires systemic change

    • Abstract: Abstract Regions with intensive agriculture often encounter environmental problems caused by nutrient excess of agro-food-waste systems that have become increasingly linear over previous decades. In this study, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and carbon (C) flows in the whole agro-food-waste system of district Cleves in Germany were quantified simultaneously using substance flow analysis. Moreover, nutrient use inefficiency hotspots were identified to establish options to improve nutrient self-sufficiency as a first step towards nutrient circularity. Data on mass flows and nutrient contents was acquired for the year 2016 from stakeholders, statistical databases, literature and modelling. Organic C was included for flows with potential as organic fertilizer. Results show that animal production drives the nutrient flows in the export-oriented district, with feed import, manure application and losses from housing and manure storage accounting for 40, 45 and 60% of all N, P and K flows, respectively. In particular agriculture is responsible for N losses, with 150 kg N lost ha−1 agricultural land. Crop production surplus and with that soil accumulation of P and K are 515 t and 4100 t respectively. Stoichiometry of N:P:K:C in the different organic materials does not allow direct application and meeting crop requirements without exceeding demand of especially P. Processing of biomass is therefore required. Based on mass, especially manure holds potential for processing into bio-based fertilizers. To improve nutrient cycling and soil C conservation, being an important element for a sustainable agricultural sector, local balances between crop and animal production need to be considered.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10172-3
  • Diffusive gradients in thin films predicts crop response better than
           calcium-acetate-lactate extraction

    • Abstract: Abstract Soil P testing has been widely used to predict crop yields, P uptake, and fertilizer demands in agriculture. Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) provides a zero-sink soil P test which mimics diffusion-controlled plant uptake and has previously been found to predict P availability to crops better than conventional quantity-based P tests in highly weathered Australian, though not in European soils. Here we tested the performance of DGT and the Austrian and German standard P quantity test calcium acetate lactate (CAL) to explain the variation of crop yield and P uptake response of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in long-term P fertilization experiments at four different sites in eastern Austria. Phosphorus extracted with DGT (P-DGT) and CAL (P-CAL) correlated well in similar soils but not across sites with large variation in soil and site properties such as carbonate equivalent and water availability. The predictive power of DGT for barley (R2 = 0.42) and wheat grain yield (R2 = 0.32), and P uptake in wheat grains (R2 = 0.36) was clearly superior to that of the CAL, and less dependent on soil properties. The better performance of DGT compared to the quantity test is consistent with diffusion-limited P uptake in the water-limited cultivated soils of eastern Austria. The critical values of P deficiency derived from the Mitscherlich-type fits for barley and wheat at 80% relative yield are 64.9 and 26.2 µg L−1, respectively, consistent with differential P demands of the crops.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10173-2
  • Early nitrogen supply as an alternative management for a cover crop-maize
           sequence under a no-till system

    • Abstract: Abstract Optimizing agronomic efficiency (AE) of nitrogen (N) fertilizer use by crops and enhancing crop yields are challenges for tropical no-tillage systems since maintaining crop residues on the soil surface alters the nutrient supply to the system. Cover crops receiving N fertilizer can provide superior biomass, N cycling to the soil and plant residue mineralization. The aims of this study were to (i) investigate N application on forage cover crops or cover crop residues as a substitute for N sidedressing (conventional method) for maize and (ii) investigate the supply of mineral N in the soil and the rates of biomass decomposition and N release. The treatments comprised two species, i.e., palisade grass [Urochloa brizantha (Hochst. Ex A. Rich.) R.D. Webster] and ruzigrass [Urochloa ruziziensis (R. Germ. and C.M. Evrard) Crins], and four N applications: (i) control (no N application), (ii) on live cover crops 35 days before maize seeding (35 DBS), (iii) on cover crop residues 1 DBS, and (iv) conventional method (N sidedressing of maize). The maximum rates of biomass decomposition and N release were in palisade grass. The biomass of palisade grass and ruzigrass were 81 and 47% higher in N application at 35 DBS compared with control in ruzigrass (7 Mg ha−1), and N release followed the pattern observed of biomass in palisade and ruzigrass receiving N 35 DBS (249 and 189 kg N ha−1). Mineral N in the soil increased with N application regardless of cover crop species. Maize grain yields and AE were not affected when N was applied on palisade grass 35 DBS or 1 DBS (average 13 Mg ha−1 and 54 kg N kg−1 maize grain yield) compared to conventional method. However, N applied on ruzigrass 35 DBS decreased maize grain yields. Overall, N fertilizer can be applied on palisade grass 35 DBS or its residues 1 DBS as a substitute for conventional sidedressing application for maize.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10158-1
  • Integrating beef cattle on cropland affects net global warming potential

    • Abstract: Abstract Recent interest in integrated crop-livestock (ICL) systems has prompted numerous investigations to quantify ecosystem service tradeoffs associated with management. However, few investigations have quantified ICL management effects on net global warming potential (GWP), particularly in semiarid regions. Therefore, we determined net GWP for grazed and ungrazed cropland in a long-term ICL study near Mandan, ND USA. Factors evaluated for their contribution to net GWP included carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions associated with production inputs and field operations, methane (CH4) emissions from enteric fermentation by beef cattle, change in soil carbon stocks, and soil-atmosphere CH4 and nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes. Net GWP was significantly greater for grazed cropland (946 kg CO2equiv. ha-1 yr-1) compared to ungrazed cropland (200 kg CO2equiv. ha-1 yr-1) (P=0.0331). The difference in net GWP between treatments was largely driven by emissions from enteric fermentation (602 kg CO2equiv. ha-1 yr-1). Among other contributing factors, CO2 emissions associated with seed production and field operations were lower under ungrazed cropland (P = 0.0015 and 0.0135, respectively), while soil CH4 uptake was greater under grazed cropland (P = 0.0102). Soil-atmosphere N2O flux from each system negated nearly all the CO2equiv. sink capacity accrued from soil carbon stock change. As both production systems resulted in net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere, novel practices that constrain GHG sources and boost GHG sinks under semiarid conditions are recommended.
      PubDate: 2021-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10150-9
  • Organic matter amendments improve soil fertility in almond orchards of
           contrasting soil texture

    • Abstract: Abstract The effects of organic matter amendments (OMA) on soil fertility in permanent cropping systems like orchards is under-studied compared to annual cropping systems. We evaluated experimentally the impact of OMAs on soil fertility in almond (Prunus dulcis) orchards over a two-year period with annual applications. Two OMAs, derived from composted green waste (GWC) or composted manure wood chips (MWC), were applied as surface mulch and compared to a control at two sites with different soil textures (sandy loam and loamy sand). OMAs increased soil moisture content (0–0.1 m depth) at both sites by 27–37%. Both amendments increased soil inorganic N at the sandy loam (GWC: 194%; MWC: 114%) and loamy sand (GWC: 277%; MWC: 114%) sites the month following application, but soil inorganic N concentrations quickly decreased to values similar to those of control plots. After two-years, the GWC and the MWC amendments increased the soil cation exchange capacity (CEC) by 112% and 29%, respectively, in the sandy loam site, but no change was observed in the loamy sand site. The greatest increase in soil extractable K occurred in the GWC-amended plots at the sandy loam site even though the initial K concentration of MWC was higher. Both OMAs increased soil organic carbon (SOC) after two years, but the SOC increase in the GWC-amended plots was greater. Our results suggest that OMAs can significantly improve soil fertility after one or two annual applications, and that fertility gains appear to be dependent on soil texture than the nutrient concentrations of the OMA.
      PubDate: 2021-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10154-5
  • Liming impacts barley yield over a wide concentration range of soil
           exchangeable cations

    • Abstract: Abstract Liming has widespread and significant impacts on soil processes and crop responses. The aim of this study was to describe the relationships between exchangeable cation concentrations in soil and the relative yield of spring barley. The hypothesis was that yield is restricted by the concentration of a single exchangeable cation in the soil. For simplicity, we focused on spring barley which was grown in nine years of a long-term experiment at two sites (Rothamsted and Woburn). Four liming rates were applied and in each year the relative yield (RY) and the concentrations of exchangeable cations were assessed. Liming had highly significant effects on the concentrations of most exchangeable cations, except for Cu and K. There were significant negative relationships (either linear or exponential) between the exchangeable concentrations of Mn, Cd, Cr, Al, Fe, Cu, Co, Zn and Ni in soil and soil pH. The relationships between RY and the concentrations of selected exchangeable cations (Mn, Ca and Al) were described well using log-logistic relationships. For these cations a significant site effect was probably due to fundamental differences in soil properties. At both sites the concentrations of exchangeable soil Al were excessive (> 7.5 mg kg−1) and were most likely responsible for reduced barley yields (where RY ≤ 0.5) with soil acidification. At Rothamsted barley yield was non-limited (where RY ≥ 1) at soil exchangeable Mn concentrations (up to 417 mg kg−1) greater than previously considered toxic, which requires further evaluation of critical Mn concentrations.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-020-10117-2
  • Farm‐scale assessment of maize–pigeonpea productivity in
           Northern Tanzania

    • Abstract: Abstract Little is known about productivity of smallholder maize–pigeonpea intercropping systems in sub-Saharan Africa. We conducted a survey of 277 farm households in Northern Tanzania to assess socio-economic factors, field management characteristics, and their association with productivity of maize–pigeonpea intercrops. On each farm, crop assessments were focused on a field that the farmer identified as most important for food supply. Variables associated with yields were evaluated using linear regression and regression classification. Biomass production ranged between 1.0 and 16.6 for maize, and between 0.2 and 11.9 t ha−1 for pigeonpea (at maize harvest). The corresponding grain yields ranged between 0.1 and 9.5 for maize, and between 0.1 and 2.1 t ha−1 for pigeonpea. Plant density at harvest, number of years the field had been cultivated, slope, weeding, soil fertility class, fertiliser and manure use were significantly associated with variation in maize grain yield, with interactions among the factors. Fields on flat and gentle slopes with plant density above 24,000 ha−1 had 28% extra yields when fertiliser was applied, while less than 24,000 plants ha−1 yielded 16% extra yield when manure was applied. Plant density at harvest was the key factor associated with pigeonpea yield; fields with densities above 24,000 plants ha−1 yielded an average of 1.4 t ha−1, while less than 24,000 plants ha−1 yielded 0.5 t ha−1. We conclude that performance of intercrops can be enhanced through application of organic and inorganic nutrient sources, and agronomic interventions including weeding, implementing soil conservation measures on steep slopes and optimising plant density.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10705-021-10144-7
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Heriot-Watt University
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