Subjects -> ENERGY (Total: 414 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENERGY (12 journals)
    - ENERGY (252 journals)
    - ENERGY: GENERAL (7 journals)
    - NUCLEAR ENERGY (40 journals)
    - PETROLEUM AND GAS (58 journals)
    - RENEWABLE ENERGY (45 journals)

ENERGY (252 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Applied Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACS Energy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Building Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Natural Sciences : Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nuclear Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applications in Energy and Combustion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 26)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Asian Bulletin of Energy Economics and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atomic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofuel Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
BioPhysical Economics and Resource Quality     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Energy     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Carbon Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carbon Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Carbon Resources Conversion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CERN courier. International journal of high energy physics     Free   (Followers: 8)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clean Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clefs CEA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CPSS Transactions on Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CT&F - Ciencia, Tecnología y Futuro     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Dams and Reservoirs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Development of Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Discover Energy     Open Access  
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Distributed Generation & Alternative Energy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
e-Prime : Advances in Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Electricity Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energetic Materials Frontiers     Open Access  
ENERGETIKA. Proceedings of CIS higher education institutions and power engineering associations     Open Access  
Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 40)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Energy & Fuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Energy and AI     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Energy and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Energy and Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Energy and Emission Control Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Energy and Environment Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Energy and Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Energy Conversion and Economics     Open Access  
Energy Conversion and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Energy Conversion and Management : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Energy Geoscience     Open Access  
Energy Informatics     Open Access  
Energy Journal The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Energy Materials : Materials Science and Engineering for Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Energy Nexus     Open Access  
Energy Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 73)
Energy Prices and Taxes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Energy Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy Research & Social Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Energy Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Energy Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Energy Strategy Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Energy Studies Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Energy Technology & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy Transitions     Open Access  
Energy, Ecology and Environment     Hybrid Journal  
Energy, Sustainability and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
EnergyChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
EPJ Photovoltaics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
eScience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Forces in Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Foundations and Trends® in Renewable Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Fuel and Energy Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Fuel Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Functional Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Gcb Bioenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geomechanics and Geophysics for Geo-Energy and Geo-Resources     Hybrid Journal  
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription  
Geothermal Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Energy Interconnection     Open Access  
Global Energy Law and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access  
Green Energy & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
High Voltage     Open Access  
IEEE Open Access Journal of Power and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Open Journal of Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Power and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ingeniería Energética     Open Access  
Innovations : Technology, Governance, Globalization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Alternative Propulsion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Ambient Energy     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Coal Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Energy & Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Energy and Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Energy and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Energy and Water Resources     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Global Energy Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Green Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Nuclear Desalination     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy and Ecology     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nuclear Hydrogen Production and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Knowledge Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Power and Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Smart Grid and Green Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Joule     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Alternate Energy Sources & Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of China Coal Society     Open Access  
Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy and Environment Technology of Graduate School Siam Technology College     Open Access  
Journal of Energy Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Systems     Open Access  
Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy, Environment & Carbon Credits     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fusion Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International Energy Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Nano Energy and Power Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Power Generation Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ocean and Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Photonics for Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Power Sources Advances     Open Access  
Journal of Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Solar Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Technology Management for Growing Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
KnE Energy     Open Access  
Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Materials Reports : Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materials Today Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mekanika : Jurnal Teknik Mesin i     Open Access  
Michigan Journal of Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multequina     Open Access  
Natural Resources     Open Access  

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clean Energy
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2515-4230 - ISSN (Online) 2515-396X
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [419 journals]
  • The Clean Energy Research Centre (CERC)

    • Authors: Bi X; , Chao J.
      Pages: 1003 - 1011
      Abstract: zkac005_graphical_abstract
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac005
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Benchmark assessment of performance indices of a selection of hybrid
           nanofluids in a hybrid photovoltaic/thermal system

    • Authors: Amoo O; Fagbenle R, Oyewola M.
      Pages: 1012 - 1035
      Abstract: AbstractThis research is a study assessing the performance of hybrid nanofluids in hybrid photovoltaic (PV)–thermal systems. This study addresses 10 hybrid nanofluids applied to hybrid PV–thermal systems. The transition to carbon-free energy can mitigate the worst effects of climate change, ensuring that global sustainability is addressed. Clean energy is now responsible for one-third of the global capacity, of which 20% is attributed to solar energy. Renewables continue to be economically viable, with declining costs driving growth. This study aims to compare the yearly performances of a model hybrid PV–thermal system using 10 different hybrid nanofluids. Hybrid nanofluids constitute two or more dissimilar materials stably suspended in a base fluid (e.g. water). MATLAB and COMSOL Multiphysics® computational fluid dynamics software are employed together for the benchmarking assessment with good agreement observed. Various fluid inlet temperatures (Tin ∈ [300, 360] K), nanofluid volume concentrations (φ ∈ [0, 4]%) and storage-tank volumes (V ∈ [50, 300] L) were simulated. The meteorological data applied were those for Lagos, Nigeria (6° 27’ 55.5192” N, 3° 24’ 23.2128” E). The assessment based on analytical-numerical solutions reveals that the thermal enhancement by hybrid nanofluids ranges from 6.7% (graphene oxide [GO]—multiwalled carbon nanotube [MWCNT]/water) to 7% (ZnO—Mn–ZnFe2O4/water) for φ = 2% and V = 300 L. The yearly exergy efficiency ranges from 2.8% (ZnO—Mn–ZnFe2O4/water) to 2.9% (GO—MWCNT/water), also for φ = 2% and V = 300 L. These findings have implications for a vast range of industrial processes, expanding the knowledge that is critical to a sustainable future.A combined solar PV-thermal system that stores thermal energy using nanofluids is modelled. Hybrid nanofluids (two or more dissimilar materials stably suspended in a base fluid) are shown to enhance the annual electrical, thermal and exergetic outputs of the system.
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac008
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Optimal allocation of solar photovoltaic distributed generation in
           electrical distribution networks using Archimedes optimization algorithm

    • Authors: Janamala V; Radha Rani K.
      Pages: 1036 - 1052
      Abstract: AbstractThis paper proposes to resolve optimal solar photovoltaic (SPV) system locations and sizes in electrical distribution networks using a novel Archimedes optimization algorithm (AOA) inspired by physical principles in order to minimize network dependence and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the greatest extent possible. Loss sensitivity factors are used to predefine the search space for sites, and AOA is used to identify the optimal locations and sizes of SPV systems for reducing grid dependence and GHG emissions from conventional power plants. Experiments with composite agriculture loads on a practical Indian 22-bus agricultural feeder, a 28-bus rural feeder and an IEEE 85-bus feeder demonstrated the critical nature of optimally distributed SPV systems for minimizing grid reliance and reducing GHG emissions from conventional energy sources. Additionally, the voltage profile of the network has been enhanced, resulting in significant reductions in distribution losses. The results of AOA were compared to those of several other nature-inspired heuristic algorithms previously published in the literature, and it was observed that AOA outperformed them in terms of convergence and redundancy when solving complex, non-linear and multivariable optimization problems.Optimal solar photovoltaic system locations and sizes in electrical distribution networks are derived using a novel Archimedes optimization algorithm in order to minimize network dependence and pollutant emissions to the greatest extent possible.
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac010
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Short-term wind power prediction using an improved grey wolf optimization
           algorithm with back-propagation neural network

    • Authors: Wei L; Xv S, Li B.
      Pages: 1053 - 1061
      Abstract: AbstractA short-term wind power prediction method is proposed in this paper with experimental results obtained from a wind farm located in Northeast China. In order to improve the accuracy of the prediction method using a traditional back-propagation (BP) neural network algorithm, the improved grey wolf optimization (IGWO) algorithm has been adopted to optimize its parameters. The performance of the proposed method has been evaluated by experiments. First, the features of the wind farm are described to show the fundamental information of the experiments. A single turbine with rated power of 1500 kW and power generation coefficient of 2.74 in the wind farm was introduced to show the technical details of the turbines. Original wind power data of the whole farm were preprocessed by using the quartile method to remove the abnormal data points. Then, the retained wind power data were predicted and analysed by using the proposed IGWO–BP algorithm. Analysis of the results proves the practicability and efficiency of the prediction model. Results show that the average accuracy of prediction is ~11% greater than the traditional BP method. In this way, the proposed wind power prediction method can be adopted to improve the accuracy of prediction and to ensure the effective utilization of wind energy.A short-term wind power prediction method is designed and tested with experimental results obtained from a wind farm located in Northeast China. In order to improve the accuracy of the prediction method, the improved grey wolf optimization algorithm has been adopted to optimize its parameters.
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac011
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Study on characterization of bio-oil derived from sugarcane bagasse
           (Saccharum barberi) for application as biofuel

    • Authors: Kabir Ahmad S; Md Ali U, Md Isa K, et al.
      Pages: 1062 - 1069
      Abstract: AbstractLignocellulosic biomass especially, sugarcane bagasse Saccharum barberi sp., appears to be a more suitable material for partial substitution of transport fuel (diesel) than Saccharum officinarum sp., due to its structural similarity to transport fuel (diesel). Besides that, less research has been implemented on this type of species. Bio-oil can be implemented as biodiesel by processing it further using chemical reactions such as hydrodeoxygenation and cracking with zeolite catalyst. Hence, the purpose of this study is to determine the compatibility of pyrolytic bio-oil produced from Saccharum barberi sp. in comparison with S. officinarum sp. for use as transport fuel (diesel) in automotive applications. This purpose can be accomplished by comparing the oil’s bio-physiochemical properties for both species. The experiment is conducted on a bench-scale on which bio-oil of Saccharum barberi sp. is secured from the catalytic pyrolysis process at a temperature of 500°C and heating rate of 50°C/min with the addition of ZSM-Zeolite catalyst. Thermogravimetric analysis of Saccharum barberi sp. reveals that cellulose is more reactive than lignin, evidenced by the high percentage of weight loss at temperatures ranging from 251°C to 390°C. The high contents of carbon (40.7%) and hydrogen (6.50%), as well as slight traces of sulphur (0.08%) and nitrogen (0.85%), in bio-oil (Saccharum barberi sp.) indicate that it is conceivable to be partially used for replacement in biofuel production. Overall physiochemical properties reveal that Saccharum barberi sp. shows more potential than S. officinarum sp. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis reveals that bio-oil consists of high amounts of aromatic hydrocarbon (26.2%), phenol (14.8%) and furfural (13.0%) in comparison to S. officinarum sp.Biofuel was produced from sugarcane bagasse (Saccharum barberi sp.) in a bench-scale pyrolysis reactor at 500°C using a zeolite catalyst. Measured properties of the biofuel make it suitable for partial substitution of diesel in transport fuel.
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac012
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Application research of compressed-air energy storage under high
           proportion of renewable energy

    • Authors: Feng B; Yu B.
      Pages: 1070 - 1077
      Abstract: AbstractChina will strive to achieve a ‘dual carbon’ target: ‘carbon peak’ by 2030 and ‘carbon-neutral’ by 2060. In this context, improving the efficiency of renewable energy and reducing the use of thermal power are important ways to achieve the target. Clean, efficient and large-capacity energy-storage technology is the key to improving the utilization rate of renewable energy. First, this paper proposes to use compressed-air energy-storage technology instead of the old energy-storage technology to build an economical and environmentally friendly comprehensive energy park capacity optimization configuration model. Second, this paper uses the newly proposed improved chicken swarm optimization algorithm to solve the model, which is more accurate and faster. Finally, this paper analyzes a comprehensive energy park in north-west China. Through case analysis, it can be seen that the average utilization rate of renewable energy can reach 73.87% through the model proposed in this paper, while the average power-abandonment rate is only 9.32%.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac017
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Role of solar power in shifting the Turkish electricity sector towards
           sustainability

    • Authors: Kursun B.
      Pages: 1078 - 1089
      Abstract: AbstractThis work covers a three-stage evaluation: cradle-to-grave life-cycle assessment (LCA) of polycrystalline silicon (pc-Si) and monocrystalline silicon (mc-Si) solar photovoltaics (PVs) as on-grid utility-scale energy options; environmental-impact distribution of pc-Si and mc-Si combinations under local conditions in Turkey; and assessment of the role of solar power in improving the environmental performance of the Turkish electricity mix. In LCA, mc-Si panels are found to have 4.47–9.16% higher environmental impacts than pc-Si panels in absolute terms. However, the higher efficiency and slower degradation rate of mc-Si panels make them have lower impacts on a kWh electricity basis. For the solar PV combination, the global-warming potential (GWP) and human-toxicity potential (HTP) results are found to be significantly lower than that of home-scale pc-Si systems (27.1–34.4 g versus 33.7–59.9 g CO2 equivalent (eq)/kWh 30.6–38.9 g versus 65.9–117 g 1–4 dichlorobenzene (g 1–4 DB) eq/kWh) operating in Turkey due to the higher capacity and efficiency of the utility-scale system. This result reveals the advantage of utilizing solar power as a centralized energy option for the country. All of the eight impacts that we evaluated reduce increasingly with increasing solar percentage in the electricity mix. The general tendency is that each percentage increase in solar electricity in the mix reduces each impact by ~1.0%. With a conservative assumption, if the solar power ratio in the mix increases to 15% by 2030, a GWP reduction of 31.3 million tons can be achieved. This corresponds to 12.7% of the greenhouse-gas mitigation commitment (246 million tons CO2 eq) made by Turkey under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. With the Turkish electricity sector being dominated by imported coal and natural gas, the obtained results reveal the potential of solar power in improving the environmental performance of the electricity mix in Turkey.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac002
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • CFD analysis for mixing performance of different types of household
           biodigesters

    • Authors: Shrestha S; Lohani S.
      Pages: 1090 - 1099
      Abstract: AbstractHousehold biodigesters are self-mixing anaerobic digesters used mostly in rural areas of developing countries as a reliable source of clean cooking energy. For an efficient anaerobic digestion process, the mixing of slurry inside the digester is regarded as one of the most important parameters. In this study, the mixing of slurry in three different designs of household digesters, namely the fixed-dome digester (GGC 2047 model), plug-flow digester and prefabricated plastic digester, are investigated and compared using computational fluid dynamics. A 3D transient simulation is performed using a multiphase volume of fluid (VOF) model in Ansys® Fluent release 16.0. The rheological properties of the feedstock are considered identical for all three digesters. The volume of the plug-flow and prefabricated plastic digesters is designed to be 1 m3 while the volume of the GGC 2047 digester was 6 m3 as the standard size of the household digester. The regions inside the digester where the velocity of slurry is <0.02 m/s are regarded as dead zones and the obtained results were analysed and compared using velocity patterns and dead-zone formation. It is found that the prefabricated plastic digester model has a relatively higher percentage of dead volume (74.6%) and the plug-flow digester has the lowest percentage (54%) of dead volume among digesters that were compared in this study. The study will serve as the basis for designers and researchers to improve the design of household digesters for better mixing performances.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac009
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Design, simulation of different configurations and life-cycle cost
           analysis of solar photovoltaic–water-pumping system for agriculture
           applications: use cases and implementation issues

    • Authors: Kumar L; Lakshmiprasad C, Ramaraj G, et al.
      Pages: 1100 - 1117
      Abstract: AbstractWater is an essential resource for agriculture and the majority of land is irrigated through borewells or wells. The power requirement for an irrigation pump motor is fed by the on-grid power supply but the availability of electricity in rural areas is still questionable. With rising concerns about global warming and the rise in carbon footprints, it is necessary to choose clean and green energy, thereby attaining self-sustainable life. India receives yearly a mean solar irradiation of 6.5 kWh/m2day. Hence, a solar photovoltaic–water-pumping system (SPV–WPS) is a suitable alternative to grid energy; thereby, the farmers would generate electricity through the solar photovoltaic system and become self-sufficient in their energy needs. In this paper, two different agricultural fields in Tamil Nadu, India that deploy flood irrigation and drip irrigation are taken as a case study. The paper discusses the concerns on the use of grid power and their carbon footprint, design and simulation of 4- and 5.5-kW SPV–WPSs using PVsyst 7.1.1, and the advantages of using SPV–WPSs and life-cycle cost analysis on different use cases. The Government of India has introduced a special scheme to promote the installation of SPV–WPSs by offering attractive incentives through PM-Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM) yojana. The results of the case study show that with the use of SPV–WPSs, either with or without subsidy, the farmer could gain a minimum of 250% on the investment with a project lifetime of 25 years.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac018
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Techno–economic–environmental comparison of floating photovoltaic
           plant with conventional solar photovoltaic plant in northern Iran

    • Authors: Semeskandeh S; Hojjat M, Hosseini Abardeh M.
      Pages: 1118 - 1126
      Abstract: AbstractPhotovoltaic (PV) systems can be used to generate electricity due to the potential for solar energy in Iran. Applying floating photovoltaic (FPV) systems is a new approach to utilizing PV systems in water. Most of Iran’s energy consumption is supplied from fossil fuels, especially oil and gas. In recent years, Iran has faced environmental problems and air pollution. Electricity generation using fossil fuels has led to increased environmental pollution. Accordingly, PV systems can be used to generate electricity due to the potential for solar energy in Iran. The interest in predicting the energy production of PV power plants has increased in recent years. In this regard, the techno–economic–environmental study of constructing PV power plants is a basic process to encourage people to use solar energy. A techno–economic–environmental feasibility study has been performed to construct a 5-kW FPV and ground PV (GPV) power plant in a northern city of Iran. Also, the FPV system is compared with the ground PV system using MATLAB® Simulink and RETScreen® software. In this study, the effects of wind and water temperature have been considered. Also, a sensitivity analysis was performed due to the uncertainty in climatic conditions and the amount of PV energy generation. The simulation results show that due to the cooling effect for panels in the FPV system, the production capacity and panels’ efficiency are respectively 19.47% and 27.98% higher than the those of the GPV system. In addition, the FPV system was found to have a 16.96% increase in the annual performance ratio. Overall, using the FPV system reduces the equity payback to 6.3 years (a 22.2% reduction compared to the GPV power plant).
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac019
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Technical design and environmental analysis of 100-kWp on-grid
           photovoltaic power plant in north-western Iran

    • Authors: Vatankhah Ghadim H; Fallah Ardashir J.
      Pages: 1127 - 1136
      Abstract: AbstractDue to the fuel security and environmental concerns of traditional energy resources like fossil fuels, grid operators are tending to use renewable energies as the primary energy supply. This paper presents the study of designing, simulation and analysis of a 100-kWp on-grid photovoltaic power plant (PV-PP) in north-western Iran. Accurate meteorological data, satellite images and local knowledge from this region have narrowed down the options to three highly irradiated cities of Maragheh, Mahabad and Khalkhal in this region. PVsyst and MATLAB software are used in this paper to obtain the performance results. Environmental effects and carbon-emission savings from the execution of the proposed PV-PP are also available in this paper. The result of this study shows that PV-PP installation in Maragheh will have higher energy output than the two other cities. This study is insightful for the academics and the grid stakeholders in finding optimal spots in north-western Iran to construct a PV-PP. Also, recommendations are available for future studies.A 100-kWp on-grid photovoltaic power plant is designed in north-western Iran. Accurate meteorological data, satellite images, and local knowledge are used in a simulation to select the best location from among three cities.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac013
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A model to determine soiling, shading and thermal losses from PV yield
           data

    • Authors: Ghosh S; Roy J, Chakraborty C.
      Pages: 1137 - 1156
      Abstract: AbstractApart from being a clean source of energy, photovoltaic (PV) power plants are also a source of income generation for its investors and lenders. Therefore, mitigation of system losses is crucial for economic operation of PV plants. Combined losses due to soiling, shading and temperature in PV plants go as high as 50%. Much of these losses are unaccounted initially, which can jeopardize the economic viability of PV projects. This paper aims to provide a model to determine losses due to soiling, shading and temperature using quantities like irradiance, cell temperature, DC power and current, which are readily available in PV yield data captured by the remote monitoring system, without involving any additional sensors or equipment. In this study, soiling, shading and thermal losses were calculated using PV yield data obtained from a 30-kWp PV plant located in Kharagpur, India. The results showed soiling and shading losses as high as 25.7% and 9.7%, respectively, in the month of December. Soiling loss was verified by measuring transmittance loss of coupon glasses installed in the vicinity of the plant. Shading loss was verified by shadow simulation using an architectural tool (SketchUp). Array thermal loss obtained using the proposed methodology was found to be in line with the estimated value obtained from PVsyst simulation. Additionally, using time-series data, the energy losses corresponding to soiling, shading and temperature effects were calculated by a numerical-integration technique. The monetary loss due to these energy losses thus obtained provides criteria for deciding when to mitigate the sources of these losses.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkac014
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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