Authors:Saeed SHAHSAVARİ; S. Mohammad Ali BOUTORABİ Abstract: This study, while reviewing some of the established unified equations and fundamentals of the energy structure and providing a detailed interpretation of their physical concepts, expands the relevant equations for new topics and applications, and in fact, establishes novel results and equations from the energy structure analysis. In fact, this paper establishes an energy components-based-general model inspired by the first and second laws of thermodynamics as well as using a new division to the total energy of the system. The established model is completed by extracting the physical direction for the feasible processes based on the energy components of the system. As two of the most important achievements of the energy components approach, using a new quasi-statistical approach as well as a novel energy conservation principle, an entropy equation is gained that has a common basis as the Boltzmann entropy equation as well as a general solution to the different formulations of the second law of thermodynamics is established. The established equations are gained without any limiting assumptions, and are governed to any physical system. Several basic examples have been studied, and matching the obtained results with expected ones is shown. PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +030

Authors:Özlem TARI İLGİN; Hamit YURTSEVEN Abstract: The solid – liquid equilibria in n-tridecane is investigated by calculating phase diagrams and the thermodynamic quantities using the Landau phenomenological model. By expanding the free energy in terms of the order parameter of the solid phase, the phase line equations are fitted to the experimental data for the T – X and T – P phase diagrams from the literature. The temperature dependences of the thermodynamic quantities (order parameter ψ, susceptibility χ_ψ, free energy F, the heat capacity C, entropy S and the enthalpy H) are predicted for the n-tridecane from this model. Our results give that the slope dT⁄dP≅2 "K/MPa" for n-C13 to n-C17. ψ varies with T as ψ~(T-T_m )^(1⁄2) above T_m. It is linear for the 〖χ_ψ〗^(-1), S(T) and C(T), and quadratic for the F(T) and H(T) in n-tridecane. This indicates that the Landau model, describes the observed behaviour of the phase diagrams satisfactorily for the solid – liquid equilibria in n-tridecane. Predictions of the thermodynamic quantities can also be compared with the measurements and predictions of some other theoretical models. The pressure effect, in particular, on the solid – liquid equilibria in n-tridecane can also be investigated under the model studied here. PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +030

Authors:Youcef MAALEM; Youcef TAMENE, Hakim MADANI Abstract: Knowing that from 2030 refrigerants used in refrigerating engineering should have a global warming potential (GWP) of less than 150. Searching for eco-friendly refrigerants with good performance and minimal environmental impact to substitute conventional working fluids such as R134a (GWP=1430) represents a great challenge for researchers.The present research aims to investigate and compare the performances of the eco-friendly refrigerant R13I1 (Zero GWP) used as a possible new working fluid in the ejector-expansion refrigeration cycle (EERC) with the commonly used R134a which has good performances but a high GWP. To reach this objective, a numerical program was developed using MATLAB software to evaluate the coefficient of performance (COP), the entrainment ratio (µ), the exergy destruction and the exergy efficiency for both refrigerants. Furthermore, the effect of the diffuser efficiency of the ejector on the COP and the compressor work was explored. Furthermore, the effect of the diffuser efficiency of the ejector on the COP, and the compressor work were explored. The simulation was realized for Tc selected between 30 and 55 °C and Te ranging between -10 and 10 °C. Results proved that the use of R13I1 as a working fluid in the EERC system exhibited a higher COP, µ, and exergy efficiency, as well as lower exergy destruction compared with R134a under the same operating temperatures. On another hand, the energetic analysis revealed that as Tc increases the COP and µ decrease. However, as Te varies from -10 and 10 °C, the COP and µ increase. Regarding exergy analysis, it should be noted that both exergy destruction and exergy efficiency are sensitively influenced by Tc more than Te. Overall, the study confirms that R13I1 could be a suitable substitute for the phase-out R134a in terms of performance and environmental protection. PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +030

Authors:Billal MEBARKİ Abstract: In this paper, new cycle is developed to generate simultaneously electrical and cooling power by placing a turbine between the generator and ejector in the conventional ejector-assisted absorption cooling cycle. The aim of developed cycle is to increase the exergy efficiency of cycle by adding an electrical power generation made it more environmentally friendly and reduce its dependents of fossil energy sources. The first, second laws of thermodynamic, mass and energy balance is applied for each cycle component and the constant mixing pressure ejector model is used to develop a numerical model of proposed cycle. The results depict that the augmentation of generation temperature is positively affected the work produced in the turbine contrary for cycle coefficient of performance, for every working conditions there are a certain value of generation temperature which its exergy performance of cycle achieves the maximum, the augmentation of output pressure of turbine is positively affected the cycle coefficient of performance contrary of the work produced in the turbine and the cycle exergy efficiency and the augmentation of condensation temperature is positively affected the cycle exergy efficiency and the work produced in the turbine contrary for cycle coefficient of performance and the augmentation of evaporation temperature is positively affected the cycle coefficient of performance and the cycle exergy efficiency contrary for the work produced in the turbine The results also show that the improvement of exergy efficiency of proposed cycle is 29.41% and 46% compared with the absorption cooling cycle with double and triple effect under the same operating conditions. PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +030

Authors:Serhat YILDIRIM; Sadık ATA, Hüseyin KURT, Ali KAHRAMAN Abstract: In this study, the solar Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system was analyzed to meet some of the electrical energy needed in large and medium-sized buildings and large enterprises such as hotels from solar energy. A simulation study was conducted for different districts in Türkiye that are rich in solar energy potential. These counties and the provinces they are affiliated with; Silifke-İçel, Alanya-Antalya, Bodrum-Muğla, Çeşme-İzmir. The power value transferred to the ORC was determined by considering the instantaneous radiation values and sunshine durations for the districts. The performance of solar ORC was determined by comparing fluids from three different organic fluid types. Organic fluids and types used in design; benzene-aromatic hydrocarbon, cyclohexane-alkane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4)-siloxane. Considering the maximum electrical energy values obtained from Solar ORC in the summer months, it was seen that 205 MWh electricity generated was obtained for Silifke with benzene at a heat source temperature of 223 oC in July. Maximum solar parabolic trough collector (PTC) specific electric power value was determined as 59.52 W/m2 in Alanya district with benzene in June. When the four districts are evaluated together, it has been determined that benzene performs better than cyclohexane by 3.8% on average and 23% better than D4. When the annual electrical energy values are examined, the highest production was determined as 1625 MWh with benzene fluid in Alanya district. PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +030