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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 352)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 146)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 141)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Drug Discovery Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Pharmacy Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pharmacogenomics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.379
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1557-1904 - ISSN (Online) 1557-1890
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • Amorfrutin B Compromises Hypoxia/Ischemia-induced Activation of Human
           Microglia in a PPARγ-dependent Manner: Effects on Inflammation,
           Proliferation Potential, and Mitochondrial Status

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      Abstract: Amorfrutin B is a selective PPARγ modulator that we demonstrated to be a promising neuroprotective compound in cellular models of stroke and perinatal asphyxia. Although neuronal mechanisms of amorfrutin B-evoked neuroprotection have been identified, none of them reflects the actions of the compound on microglia, which play a pivotal role in brain response to hypoxia/ischemia. Here, we provide evidence for amorfrutin B-induced effects on human microglia subjected to hypoxia/ischemia; the compound counteracts inflammation, and influences mitochondrial status and proliferation potential in a PPARγ-dependent manner. Post-treatment with amorfrutin B decreased the IBA1 fluorescence intensity, reduced caspase-1 activity, and downregulated IL1B/IL-1β and TNFA but not IL10/IL-10 expression, which was upregulated. Amorfrutin B also stimulated PPARγ signaling, as evidenced by increased mRNA and/or protein levels of PPARγ and PGC1α. In addition, amorfrutin B reversed the hypoxia/ischemia-evoked effects on mitochondria-related parameters, such as mitochondrial membrane potential, BCL2/BCL2 expression and metabolic activity, which were correlated with diminished proliferation potential of microglia. Interestingly, the inhibitory effect of amorfrutin B on the proliferation potential and mitochondrial function of microglia is opposite to the stimulatory effect of amorfrutin B on mouse neuronal survival, as evidenced by increased neuronal viability and reduced neurodegeneration. In summary, this study showed for the first time that amorfrutin B compromises hypoxia/ischemia-induced activation of human microglia in a PPARγ-dependent manner, which involves inhibiting inflammation, normalizing mitochondrial status, and controlling proliferation potential. These data extend the protective potential of amorfrutin B in the pharmacotherapy of hypoxic/ischemic brain injury, targeting not only neurons but also activated microglia. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Preclinical Studies on Mechanisms Underlying the Protective Effects of
           Propranolol in Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review

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      Abstract: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity amongst trauma patients. Its treatment is focused on minimizing progression to secondary injury. Administration of propranolol for TBI maydecrease mortality and improve functional outcomes. However, it is our sense that its use has not been universally adopted due to low certainty evidence. The literature was reviewed to explore the mechanism of propranolol as a therapeutic intervention in TBI to guide future clinical investigations. Medline, Embase, and Scopus were searched for studies that investigated the effect of propranolol on TBI in animal models from inception until June 6, 2023. All routes of administration for propranolol were included and the following outcomes were evaluated: cognitive functions, physiological and immunological responses. Screening and data extraction were done independently and in duplicate. The risk of bias for each individual study was assessed using the SYCLE’s risk of bias tool for animal studies. Three hundred twenty-three citations were identified and 14 studies met our eligibility criteria. The data suggests that propranolol may improve post-TBI cognitive and motor function by increasing cerebral perfusion, reducing neural injury, cell death, leukocyte mobilization and p-tau accumulation in animal models. Propranolol may also attenuate TBI-induced immunodeficiency and provide cardioprotective effects by mitigating damage to the myocardium caused by oxidative stress. This systematic review demonstrates that propranolol may be therapeutic in TBI by improving cognitive and motor function while regulating T lymphocyte response and levels of myocardial reactive oxygen species. Oral or intravenous injection of propranolol following TBI is associated with improved cerebral perfusion, reduced neuroinflammation, reduced immunodeficiency, and cardio-neuroprotection in preclinical studies. Graphical Oral or intravenous injection of propranolol following TBI is associated with improved cerebral perfusion, reduced neuroinflammation, reduced immunodeficiency, and cardio-neuroprotection in preclinical studies.
      PubDate: 2024-06-20
       
  • Epigallocatechin-3-gallate Inhibits LPS/AβO-induced Neuroinflammation in
           BV2 Cells through Regulating the ROS/TXNIP/NLRP3 Pathway

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      Abstract: Abstract Neuroinflammation is a key factor in cognitive dysfunction and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), so inhibiting neuroinflammation is considered as a potential treatment for AD. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a polyhydroxyphenol of green tea, has been found to exhibit anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of EGCG on inflammation and its mechanism. In this study, BV2 cells were simultaneously exposed to lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and the amyloid-β oligomer (AβO) to induce inflammatory microenvironments. Inflammatory cytokines and NLRP3 inflammasome-related molecules were detected by RT-PCR and Western Blot. The results show that EGCG inhibits LPS/AβO-induced inflammation in BV2 cells through regulating IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α. Meanwhile, EGCG reduces the activation of the NOD-, LRR-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and levels of intracellular ROS in BV2 cells treated with LPS/AβO by affecting the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Further research found that EGCG inhibited MMP through regulating thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) in LPS/AβO-induced neuroinflammation. In conclusion, EGCG may alleviate LPS/AβO-induced microglial neuroinflammation by suppressing the ROS/ TXNIP/ NLRP3 pathway. It may provide a potential mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory properties of EGCG for alleviating AD.
      PubDate: 2024-06-18
       
  • Novel Coumarins Derivatives for A. baumannii Lung Infection Developed by
           High-Throughput Screening and Reinforcement Learning

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      Abstract: Abstract With the increasing resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) to antibiotics, researchers have turned their attention to the development of new antimicrobial agents. Among them, coumarin-based heterocycles have attracted much attention due to their unique biological activities, especially in the field of antibacterial infection. In this study, a series of coumarin derivatives were synthesized and screened for their bactericidal activities (Ren et al. 2018; Salehian et al. 2021). The inhibitory activities of these compounds on bacterial strains were evaluated, and the related mechanism of the new compounds was explored. Firstly, the MIC values and bacterial growth curves were measured after compound treatment to evaluate the antibacterial activity in vitro. Then, the in vivo antibacterial activities of the new compounds were assessed on A. baumannii-infected mice by determining the mice survival rates, counting bacterial CFU numbers, measuring inflammatory cytokine levels, and histopathology analysis. In addition, the ROS levels in the bacterial cells were measured with DCFH-DA detection kit. Furthermore, the potential target and detailed mechanism of the new compounds during infection disease therapy were predicted and evidenced with molecular docking. After that, ADMET characteristic prediction was completed, and novel, synthesizable, drug-effective molecules were optimized with reinforcement learning study based on the probed compound as a training template. The interaction between the selected structures and target proteins was further evidenced with molecular docking. This series of innovative studies provides important theoretical and experimental data for the development of new anti-A. baumannii infection drugs.
      PubDate: 2024-06-18
       
  • Minocycline Abrogates Individual Differences in Nerve Injury-Evoked
           Affective Disturbances in Male Rats and Prevents Associated Supraspinal
           Neuroinflammation

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      Abstract: Chronic neuropathic pain precipitates a complex range of affective and behavioural disturbances that differ markedly between individuals. While the reasons for differences in pain-related disability are not well understood, supraspinal neuroimmune interactions are implicated. Minocycline has antidepressant effects in humans and attenuates affective disturbances in rodent models of pain, and acts by reducing neuroinflammation in both the spinal cord and brain. Previous studies, however, tend not to investigate how minocycline modulates individual affective responses to nerve injury, or rely on non-naturalistic behavioural paradigms that fail to capture the complexity of rodent behaviour. We investigated the development and resolution of pain-related affective disturbances in nerve-injured male rats by measuring multiple spontaneous ethological endpoints on a longitudinal naturalistic foraging paradigm, and the effect of chronic oral minocycline administration on these changes. Disrupted foraging behaviours appeared in 22% of nerve-injured rats – termed ‘affected’ rats – and were present at day 14 but partially resolved by day 21 post-injury. Minocycline completely prevented the emergence of an affected subgroup while only partly attenuating mechanical allodynia, dissociating the relationship between pain and affect. This was associated with a lasting downregulation of ΔFosB expression in ventral hippocampal neurons at day 21 post-injury. Markers of microglia-mediated neuroinflammation were not present by day 21, however proinflammatory microglial polarisation was apparent in the medial prefrontal cortex of affected rats and not in CCI minocycline rats. Individual differences in affective disturbances following nerve injury are therefore temporally related to altered microglial morphology and hippocampal neuronal activation, and are abrogated by minocycline. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-06-15
       
  • Neurobehavioral Characterization of Perinatal Oxycodone-Exposed Offspring
           in Early Adolescence

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      Abstract: The opioid epidemic has received considerable attention, but the impact on perinatal opioid-exposed (POE) offspring remains underexplored. This study addresses the emerging public health challenge of understanding and treating POE children. We examined two scenarios using preclinical models: offspring exposed to oxycodone (OXY) in utero (IUO) and acute postnatal OXY (PNO). We hypothesized exposure to OXY during pregnancy primes offspring for neurodevelopmental deficits and severity of deficits is dependent on timing of exposure. Notable findings include reduced head size and brain weight in offspring. Molecular analyses revealed significantly lower levels of inflammasome-specific genes in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) highlighted the enrichment of genes associated with mitochondrial and synapse dysfunction in POE offspring. Western blot analysis validated IPA predictions of mitochondrial dysfunction in PFC-derived synaptosomes. Behavioral studies identified significant social deficits in POE offspring. This study presents the first comparative analysis of acute PNO- and IUO-offspring during early adolescence finding acute PNO-offspring have considerably greater deficits. The striking difference in deficit severity in acute PNO-offspring suggests that exposure to opioids in late pregnancy pose the greatest risk for offspring well-being. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-06-14
       
  • A Switch from Glial to Neuronal Gene Expression Alterations in the Spinal
           Cord of SIV-infected Macaques on Antiretroviral Therapy

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      Abstract: Abstract Despite antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV-associated peripheral neuropathy remains one of the most prevalent neurologic manifestations of HIV infection. The spinal cord is an essential component of sensory pathways, but spinal cord sampling and evaluation in people with HIV has been very limited, especially in those on ART. The SIV/macaque model allows for assessment of the spinal cord at key time points throughout infection with and without ART. In this study, RNA was isolated from the spinal cord of uninfected, SIV+, and SIV + ART animals to track alterations in gene expression using global RNA-seq. Next, the SeqSeek platform was used to map changes in gene expression to specific cell types. Pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes demonstrated that highly upregulated genes in SIV-infected spinal cord aligned with interferon and viral response pathways. Additionally, this upregulated gene set significantly overlapped with those expressed in myeloid-derived cells including microglia. Downregulated genes were involved in cholesterol and collagen biosynthesis, and TGF-b regulation of extracellular matrix. In contrast, enriched pathways identified in SIV + ART animals included neurotransmitter receptors and post synaptic signaling regulators, and transmission across chemical synapses. SeqSeek analysis showed that upregulated genes were primarily expressed by neurons rather than glia. These findings indicate that pathways activated in the spinal cord of SIV + ART macaques are predominantly involved in neuronal signaling rather than proinflammatory pathways. This study provides the basis for further evaluation of mechanisms of SIV infection + ART within the spinal cord with a focus on therapeutic interventions to maintain synaptodendritic homeostasis.
      PubDate: 2024-06-12
       
  • Alzheimer-Type Cerebral Amyloidosis in the Context of HIV Infection:
           Implications for a Proposed New Treatment Approach

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      Abstract: Abstract Reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs) are currently broadly prescribed for the treatment of HIV infection but are also thought to prevent Alzheimer’s disease (AD) progression by protecting against amyloidosis. Our study evaluates the hypothesis that reverse transcriptase inhibitors protect against Alzheimer-type brain amyloidogenesis in the context of HIV infection. We compiled a case series of participants from a prospective study of the neurological consequences of HIV infection at the HIV Neurobehavioral Research Program (HNRP) who had serial neuropsychological and neurological assessments and were on RTIs. Two participants had gross and microscopic examination and immunohistochemistry of the brain at autopsy; one was assessed clinically for Alzheimer’s disease by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis of phosphorylated-Tau, Total-Tau and Aβ42. Additionally, a larger cohort of 250 autopsied individuals was evaluated for presence of amyloid plaques, Tau, and related pathologies. Three older, virally suppressed individuals with HIV who had long-term treatment with RTIs were included in analyses. Two cases demonstrated substantial cerebral amyloid deposition at autopsy. The third case met clinical criteria for AD based on a typical clinical course and CSF biomarker profile. In the larger cohort of autopsied individuals, the prevalence of cerebral amyloidosis among people with HIV (PWH) was greater for those on RTIs. Our study showed that long-term RTI therapy did not protect against Alzheimer-type brain amyloidogenesis in the context of HIV infection in these patients. Given the known toxicities of RTIs, it is premature to recommend them to individuals at risk or with Alzheimer’s disease who do not have HIV infection.
      PubDate: 2024-06-03
       
  • Antibiotics-Induced Intestinal Immunomodulation Attenuates Experimental
           Autoimmune Neuritis (EAN)

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      Abstract: Background The composition of gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in priming the immune system and thus impacts autoimmune diseases. Data on the effects of gut bacteria eradication via systemic antibiotics on immune neuropathies are currently lacking. This study therefore assessed the effects of antibiotics-induced gut microbiota alterations on the severity of experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN), a rat model of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS). Myelin P0 peptide 180–199 (P0 180–199)-induced EAN severity was compared between adult Lewis rats (12 weeks old) that received drinking water with or without antibiotics (colistin, metronidazole, vancomycin) and healthy rats, beginning antibiotics treatment immediately after immunization (day 0), and continuing treatment for 14 consecutive days. Neuropathy severity was assessed via a modified clinical score, and then related to gut microbiota alterations observed after fecal 16S rRNA gene sequencing at baseline and after EAN induction. Effectors of gut mucosal and endoneurial immunity were assessed via immunostaining. EAN rats showed increased gut mucosal permeability alongside increased mucosal CD8+ T cells compared to healthy controls. Antibiotics treatment alleviated clinical EAN severity and reduced endoneurial T cell infiltration, decreased gut mucosal CD8+ T cells and increased gut bacteria that may be associated with anti-inflammatory mechanisms, like Lactobacillus or Parasutterella. Our findings point out a relation between gut mucosal immunity and the pathogenesis of EAN, and indicate that antibiotics-induced intestinal immunomodulation might be a therapeutic approach to alleviate autoimmunity in immune neuropathies. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the clinical transferability of these findings to patients with GBS. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-05-31
       
  • Genetic Variations in EIF2AK3 are Associated with Neurocognitive
           Impairment in People Living with HIV

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      Abstract: Based on emerging evidence on the role for specific single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) in EIF2AK3 encoding the integrated stress response kinase PERK, in neurodegeneration, we assessed the association of EIF2AK3 SNVs with neurocognitive performance in people with HIV (PWH) using a candidate gene approach. This retrospective study included the CHARTER cohort participants, excluding those with severe neuropsychiatric comorbidities. Genome-wide data previously obtained for 1047 participants and targeted sequencing of 992 participants with available genomic DNA were utilized to interrogate the association of three noncoding and three coding EIF2AK3 SNVs with the continuous global deficit score (GDS) and global neurocognitive impairment (NCI; GDS ≥ 0.5) using univariable and multivariable methods, with demographic, disease-associated, and treatment characteristics as covariates. The cohort characteristics were as follows: median age, 43.1 years; females, 22.8%; European ancestry, 41%; median CD4 + T cell counts, 175/µL (nadir) and 428/µL (current). At first assessment, 70.5% used ART and 68.3% of these had plasma HIV RNA levels ≤ 200 copies/mL. All three noncoding EIF2AK3 SNVs were associated with GDS and NCI (all p < 0.05). Additionally, 30.9%, 30.9%, and 41.2% of participants had at least one risk allele for the coding SNVs rs1805165 (G), rs867529 (G), and rs13045 (A), respectively. Homozygosity for all three coding SNVs was associated with significantly worse GDS (p < 0.001) and more NCI (p < 0.001). By multivariable analysis, the rs13045 A risk allele, current ART use, and Beck Depression Inventory-II value > 13 were independently associated with GDS and NCI (p < 0.001) whereas the other two coding SNVs did not significantly correlate with GDS or NCI after including rs13045 in the model. The coding EIF2AK3 SNVs were associated with worse performance in executive functioning, motor functioning, learning, and verbal fluency. Coding and non-coding SNVs of EIF2AK3 were associated with global NC and domain-specific performance. The effects were small-to-medium in size but present in multivariable analyses, raising the possibility of specific SNVs in EIF2AK3 as an important component of genetic vulnerability to neurocognitive complications in PWH. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-05-25
       
  • Cornuside ameliorates cognitive impairments via RAGE/TXNIP/NF-κB
           signaling in Aβ1-42 induced Alzheimer’s disease mice

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      Abstract: Abstract Cornuside has been discovered to improve learning and memory in AD mice, however, its underlying mechanism was not fully understood. In the present study, we established an AD mice model by intracerebroventricular injection of Aβ1-42, which were treated with cornuside (3, 10, 30 mg/kg) for 2 weeks. Cornuside significantly ameliorated cognitive function of AD mice in series of behavioral tests, including Morris water maze test, nest building test, novel object recognition test and step-down test. Additionally, cornuside could attenuate neuronal injury, and promote cholinergic synaptic transmission by restoring the level of acetylcholine (ACh) via inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), as well as facilitating choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). Furthermore, cornuside inhibited oxidative stress levels amplified as decreased malondialdehyde (MDA), by inhibiting TXNIP expression, improving total anti-oxidative capacity (TAOC), raising activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Cornuside also reduced the activation of microglia and astrocytes, decreased the level of proinflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, iNOS and COX2 via interfering RAGE-mediated IKK-IκB-NF-κB phosphorylation. Similar anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects were also found in LPS-stimulated BV2 cells via hampering RAGE-mediated TXNIP activation and NF-κB nuclear translocation. Virtual docking revealed that cornuside could interact with the active pocket of RAGE V domain directly. In conclusion, cornuside could bind to the RAGE directly impeding the interaction of Aβ and RAGE, and cut down the expression of TXNIP inhibiting ROS production and oxidative stress, as well as hamper NF-κB p65 mediated the inflammation.
      PubDate: 2024-05-23
       
  • Inhibition of Microglial Activation Ameliorates Inflammation, Reduced
           Neurogenesis in the hippocampus, and Impaired Brain Function in a Rat
           Model of Bilirubin Encephalopathy

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      Abstract: Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the most common occurrence in newborns and is toxic to the brain, resulting in neurological sequelae such as auditory impairment, with potential to evolve to chronic bilirubin encephalopathy and long-term cognitive impairment in adults. In the early postnatal period, neurogenesis is rigorous and neuroinflammation is detrimental to the brain. What are the alterations in neurogenesis and the underlying mechanisms of bilirubin encephalopathy during the early postnatal period' This study found that, there were a reduction in the number of neuronal stem/progenitor cells, an increase in microglia in the dentate gyrus (DG) and an inflammatory state in the hippocampus, characterized by increased levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β, as well as a decreased level of IL-10 in a rat model of bilirubin encephalopathy (BE). Furthermore, there was a significant decrease in the number of newborn neurons and the expression of neuronal differentiation-associated genes (NeuroD and Ascl1) in the BE group. Additionally, cognitive impairment was observed in this group. The administration of minocycline, an inhibitor of microglial activation, resulted in a reduction of inflammation in the hippocampus, an enhancement of neurogenesis, an increase in the expression of neuron-related genes (NeuroD and Ascl1), and an improvement in cognitive function in the BE group. These results demonstrate that microglia play a critical role in reduced neurogenesis and impaired brain function resulting from bilirubin encephalopathy model, which could inspire the development of novel pharmaceutical and therapeutic strategies. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2024-05-22
       
  • Glycyrrhizic Acid Alleviates Semen Strychni-Induced Neurotoxicity Through
           the Inhibition of HMGB1 Phosphorylation and Inflammatory Responses

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      Abstract: Abstract The neurotoxicity of Semen Strychni has been reported recently in several clinical cases. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the role of HMGB1 in a model of neurotoxicity induced by Semen Strychni and to assess the potential alleviating effects of glycyrrhizic acid (GA), which is associated with the regulation of HMGB1 release. Forty-eight SD rats were intraperitoneally injected with Semen Strychni extract (175 mg/kg), followed by oral administration of GA (50 mg/kg) for four days. After treatment of SS and GA, neuronal degeneration, apoptosis, and necrosis were observed via histopathological examination. Inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β), neurotransmitter associated enzymes (MAO and AChE), serum HMGB1, nuclear and cytoplasmic HMGB1/ph-HMGB1, and the interaction between PP2A, PKC, and HMGB1 were evaluated. The influence of the MAPK pathway was also examined. As a result, this neurotoxicity was characterized by neuronal degeneration and apoptosis, the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and a reduction in neurotransmitter-metabolizing enzymes. In contrast, GA treatment significantly ameliorated the abovementioned effects and alleviated nerve injury. Furthermore, Semen Strychni promoted HMGB1 phosphorylation and its translocation between the nucleus and cytoplasm, thereby activating the NF-κB and MAPK pathways, initiating various inflammatory responses. Our experiments demonstrated that GA could partially reverse these effects. In summary, GA acid alleviated Semen Strychni-induced neurotoxicity, possibly by inhibiting HMGB1 phosphorylation and preventing its release from the cell.
      PubDate: 2024-05-21
       
  • Differential Cytokine Responses of APOE3 and APOE4 Blood–brain Barrier
           Cell Types to SARS-CoV-2 Spike Proteins

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      Abstract: SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins have been shown to cross the blood–brain barrier (BBB) in mice and affect the integrity of human BBB cell models. However, the effects of SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins in relation to sporadic, late onset, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) risk have not been extensively investigated. Here we characterized the individual and combined effects of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein subunits S1 RBD, S1 and S2 on BBB cell types (induced brain endothelial-like cells (iBECs) and astrocytes (iAstrocytes)) generated from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) harboring low (APOE3 carrier) or high (APOE4 carrier) relative Alzheimer’s risk. We found that treatment with spike proteins did not alter iBEC integrity, although they induced the expression of several inflammatory cytokines. iAstrocytes exhibited a robust inflammatory response to SARS-CoV-2 spike protein treatment, with differences found in the levels of cytokine secretion between spike protein-treated APOE3 and APOE4 iAstrocytes. Finally, we tested the effects of potentially anti-inflammatory drugs during SARS-CoV-2 spike protein exposure in iAstrocytes, and discovered different responses between spike protein treated APOE4 iAstrocytes and APOE3 iAstrocytes, specifically in relation to IL-6, IL-8 and CCL2 secretion. Overall, our results indicate that APOE3 and APOE4 iAstrocytes respond differently to anti-inflammatory drug treatment during SARS-CoV-2 spike protein exposure with potential implications to therapeutic responses. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-05-21
       
  • Positive Effect of 6-Gingerol on Functional Plasticity of Microglia in a
           rat Model of LPS-induced Depression

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      Abstract: Neuroinflammation has emerged as a crucial factor in the development of depression. Despite the well-known anti-inflammatory properties of 6-gingerol, its potential impact on depression remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effects of 6-gingerol by suppressing microglial activation. In vivo experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of 6-gingerol on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced behavioral changes and neuroinflammation in rat models. In vitro studies were performed to examine the neuroprotective properties of 6-gingerol against LPS-induced microglial activation. Furthermore, a co-culture system of microglia and neurons was established to assess the influence of 6-gingerol on the expression of synaptic-related proteins, namely synaptophysin (SYP) and postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95), which are influenced by microglial activation. In the in vivo experiments, administration of 6-gingerol effectively alleviated LPS-induced depressive behavior in rats. Moreover, it markedly suppressed the activation of rat prefrontal cortex (PFC) microglia induced by LPS and the activation of the NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammatory pathway, while also reducing the levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18. In the in vitro experiments, 6-gingerol mitigated nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65, NLRP3 activation, and maturation of IL-1β and IL-18, all of which were induced by LPS. Furthermore, in the co-culture system of microglia and neurons, 6-gingerol effectively restored the decreased expression of SYP and PSD95. The findings of this study demonstrate the neuroprotective effects of 6-gingerol in the context of LPS-induced depression-like behavior. These effects are attributed to the inhibition of microglial hyperactivation through the suppression of the NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammatory pathway. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-05-17
       
  • The Roles of RhoA/ROCK/NF-κB Pathway in Microglia Polarization
           Following Ischemic Stroke

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      Abstract: Ischemic stroke is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Nevertheless, there still lacks the effective therapies for ischemic stroke. Microglia are resident macrophages of the central nervous system (CNS) and can initiate immune responses and monitor the microenvironment. Microglia are activated and polarize into proinflammatory or anti‑inflammatory phenotype in response to various brain injuries, including ischemic stroke. Proinflammatory microglia could generate immunomodulatory mediators, containing cytokines and chemokines, these mediators are closely associated with secondary brain damage following ischemic stroke. On the contrary, anti-inflammatory microglia facilitate recovery following stroke. Regulating the activation and the function of microglia is crucial in exploring the novel treatments for ischemic stroke patients. Accumulating studies have revealed that RhoA/ROCK pathway and NF-κB are famous modulators in the process of microglia activation and polarization. Inhibiting these key modulators can promote the polarization of microglia to anti-inflammatory phenotype. In this review, we aimed to provide a comprehensive overview on the role of RhoA/ROCK pathway and NF-κB in the microglia activation and polarization, reveal the relationship between RhoA/ROCK pathway and NF-κB in the pathological process of ischemic stroke. In addition, we likewise discussed the drug modulators targeting microglia polarization. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-05-16
       
  • The Effects of Fingolimod (FTY720) on Leukocyte Subset Circulation cannot
           be Behaviourally Conditioned in Rats

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      Abstract: Suppression of immune functions can be elicited by behavioural conditioning using drugs such as cyclosporin A or rapamycin. Nevertheless, little is known about the underlying mechanisms and generalisability of this phenomenon. Against this background, the present study investigated whether the pharmacological properties of fingolimod (FTY720), an immunosuppressive drug widely applied to treat multiple sclerosis, can be conditioned in rats by means of taste-immune associative learning. For this purpose, a conditioned taste avoidance paradigm was used, pairing the presentation of a novel sweet drinking solution (saccharin or sucrose) as conditioned stimulus (CS) with therapeutically effective doses of FTY720 as unconditioned stimulus (US). Subsequent re-exposure to the CS at a later time point revealed that conditioning with FTY720 induced a mild conditioned taste avoidance only when saccharin was employed as CS. However, on an immunological level, neither re-exposure with saccharin nor sucrose altered blood immune cell subsets or splenic cytokine production. Despite the fact that intraperitonally administered FTY720 could be detected in brain regions known to mediate neuro-immune interactions, the present findings show that the physiological action of FTY720 is not inducible by mere taste-immune associative learning. Whether conditioning generalises across all small-molecule drugs with immunosuppressive properties still needs to be investigated with modified paradigms probably using distinct sensory CS. Moreover, these findings emphasize the need to further investigate the underlying mechanisms of conditioned immunomodulation to assess the generalisability and usability of associative learning protocols as supportive therapies in clinical contexts. Graphical To assess the potential of taste-immune associative learning mediated by specific brain regions (e.g., insular cortex, amygdala), the presentation of a novel taste (saccharin or sucrose) as conditioned stimulus was paired with injections of fingolimod (FTY720) as unconditioned stimulus. However, re-exposure to the conditioned stimulus did not elicit behaviourally conditioned immunosuppressive effects. Created with BioRender.com.
      PubDate: 2024-05-11
       
  • The Sirtuin 5 Inhibitor MC3482 Ameliorates Microglia‑induced
           Neuroinflammation Following Ischaemic Stroke by Upregulating the
           Succinylation Level of Annexin-A1

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      Abstract: In our previous study, we concluded that sirtuin 5 (SIRT5) was highly expressed in microglia following ischaemic stroke, which induced excessive neuroinflammation and neuronal injury. Therefore, SIRT5-targeting interventions should reduce neuroinflammation and protect against ischaemic brain injury. Here, we showed that treatment with a specific SIRT5 inhibitor, MC3482, alleviated microglia-induced neuroinflammation and improved long-term neurological function in a mouse model of stroke. The mice were administrated with either vehicle or 2 mg/kg MC3482 daily for 7 days via lateral ventricular injection following the onset of middle cerebral artery occlusion. The outcome was assessed by a panel of tests, including a neurological outcome score, declarative memory, sensorimotor tests, anxiety-like behavior and a series of inflammatory factors. We observed a significant reduction of infarct size and inflammatory factors, and the improvement of long-term neurological function in the early stages during ischaemic stroke when the mice were treated with MC3482. Mechanistically, the administration of MC3482 suppressed the desuccinylation of annexin-A1, thereby promoting its membrane recruitment and extracellular secretion, which in turn alleviated neuroinflammation during ischaemic stroke. Based on our findings, MC3482 offers promise as an anti-ischaemic stroke treatment that targets directly the disease's underlying factors. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s11481-024-10117-x
       
  • Sex Dimorphism in Pain Threshold and Neuroinflammatory Response: The
           Protective Effect of Female Sexual Hormones on Behavior and Seizures in an
           Allergic Rhinitis Model

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      Abstract: Our previous research demonstrated that allergic rhinitis could impact behavior and seizure threshold in male mice. However, due to the complex hormonal cycles and hormonal influences on behavior in female mice, male mice are more commonly used for behavioral tests. In this study, we aimed to determine whether these findings were replicable in female mice and to explore the potential involvement of sexual hormones in regulating neuroinflammation in an allergic model. Our results indicate that pain threshold was decreased in female mice with allergic rhinitis and the levels of IL-23/IL-17A/IL-17R were increased in their Dorsal root ganglia. However, unlike males, female mice with AR did not display neuropsychological symptoms such as learning and memory deficits, depression, and anxiety-like behavior. This was along with decreased levels of DNA methyl transferase 1 (DNMT1) and inflammatory cytokines in their hippocampus. Ovariectomized mice were used to mitigate hormonal effects, and the results showed that they had behavioral changes and neuroinflammation in their hippocampus similar to male mice, as well as increased levels of DNMT1. These findings demonstrate sex differences in how allergic rhinitis affects behavior, pain sensitivity, and seizure thresholds. Furthermore, our data suggest that DNMT1 may be influenced by sexual hormones, which could play a role in modulating inflammation in allergic conditions. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-04-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s11481-024-10114-0
       
  • Brain-Derived Exosomal CircRNAs in Plasma Serve as Diagnostic Biomarkers
           for Acute Ischemic Stroke

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      Abstract: Abstract Acute ischemic stroke (AIS), commonly known as stroke, is a debilitating condition characterized by the interruption of blood flow to the brain, resulting in tissue damage and neurological deficits. Early diagnosis is crucial for effective intervention and management, as timely treatment can significantly improve patient outcomes. Therefore, novel methods for the early diagnosis of AIS are urgently needed. Several studies have shown that bioactive molecules contained in extracellular vesicles, especially circRNAs, could be ideal markers for the diagnosis of many diseases. However, studies on the effects of exosomes and their circRNAs on the development and prognosis of AIS have not been reported extensively. Therefore, we explored the feasibility of using circRNAs in plasma brain-derived exosomes as biomarkers for AIS. By high-throughput sequencing, we first identified 358 dysregulated circRNAs (including 23 significantly upregulated circRNAs and 335 significantly downregulated circRNAs) in the plasma brain-derived exosomes of the brain infarct patient group compared to those of the noninfarct control group. Five upregulated circRNAs (hsa_circ_0007290, hsa_circ_0049637, hsa_circ_0000607, hsa_circ_0004808, and hsa_circ_0000097) were selected for further validation via Real-Time Quantitative Reverse Transcription PCR (qRT‒PCR) in a larger cohort based on the exclusion criteria of log2FC > 1, p < 0.05 and measurable expression. We found that the expression levels of hsa_circ_0007290, hsa_circ_0049637, hsa_circ_0000607, hsa_circ_0004808 and hsa_circ_0000097 were significantly upregulated in AIS patients and could serve as potential biomarkers for AIS with high specificity and sensitivity. Moreover, the expression levels of hsa_circ_0007290, hsa_circ_0049637, hsa_circ_0000607, hsa_circ_0004808 and hsa_circ_0000097 were also found to be positively correlated with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NISS) and modified Rankin scale (mRS) scores, which indicated that the presence of these circRNAs in plasma brain-derived exosomes could also determine the progression of AIS.
      PubDate: 2024-04-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s11481-024-10113-1
       
 
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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 352)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 146)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 141)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Drug Discovery Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Pharmacy Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pharmacogenomics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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