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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 401 - 253 of 253 Journals sorted alphabetically
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Molecular Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molekul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural Product Communications     Open Access  
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 310)
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Neuropsychopharmacology Reports     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Drug Design & Delivery     Open Access  
OA Medical Hypothesis     Open Access  
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Open Pharmacoeconomics & Health Economics Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Pharmacology Journal     Open Access  
OpenNano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orbital - The Electronic Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pain and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Pediatric Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Pediatric Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Care-La Farmacoterapia     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Pharmaceutical Executive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Pharmaceutical Fronts     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Pharmaceutical Historian     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Journal     Free   (Followers: 8)
Pharmaceutical Journal of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmaceutical Patent Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Pharmaceutical Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Pharmaceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pharmacia     Open Access  
Pharmaciana     Open Access  
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
PharmacoEconomics German Research Articles     Full-text available via subscription  
PharmacoEconomics Spanish Research Articles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacogenomics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pharmacognosy Communications     Partially Free  
Pharmacognosy Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacognosy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacological Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Research - Modern Chinese Medicine     Open Access  
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacology & Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Research & Perspectives     Open Access  
Pharmacon : Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia     Open Access  
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacotherapy The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Pharmactuel     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pharmacy & Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacy Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Pharmacy Practice (Internet)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Pharmakon : Arzneimittel in Wissenschaft und Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PharmaTutor     Open Access  
Pharmazeutische Industrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Pharmazeutische Zeitung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Pharmazie in Unserer Zeit (Pharmuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Plant Products Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica International Open     Open Access  
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
PZ Prisma : Materialien zur Fort- und Weiterbildung     Full-text available via subscription  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Drug Design & Discovery     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmaceutical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmacognosy     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy     Open Access  
Research Results in Pharmacology     Open Access  
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Reviews on Clinical Pharmacology and Drug Therapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico-Farmacéuticas     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ciências Farmacêuticas Básica e Aplicada     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Farmaceuticas     Open Access  
Revue de Médecine et de Pharmacie     Full-text available via subscription  
Safety and Risk of Pharmacotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Scientia Pharmaceutica     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Separation Science plus (SSC plus)     Hybrid Journal  
Side Effects of Drugs Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Substance Abuse : Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Suchttherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
SynOpen     Open Access  
The Botulinum J.     Hybrid Journal  
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Medical Letter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
The Pink Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
The Pink Sheet Daily     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Thérapie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
TheScientist     Free   (Followers: 5)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological Research     Hybrid Journal  
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Toxicology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Toxicon : X     Open Access  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Translational Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Trends in Peptide and Protein Sciences     Open Access  
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research     Open Access  
Ukrainian Biopharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
World Mycotoxin Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Yakugaku Zasshi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Phytotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Актуальні питання фармацевтичної та медичної науки та практики     Open Access  
Фармацевтичний часопис     Open Access  

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Journal of Education and Science
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1812-125X - ISSN (Online) 2664-2530
Published by U of Mosul Homepage  [20 journals]
  • Spectrofluorimetric determination of adrenaline and dopamine .

    • Abstract: A sensitive fluorometric method, with few steps and suitable for the daily routine, was made for examining adrenaline hydrochloride and dopamine hydrochloride. The reliance in this paper was on the nucleophilic substitution interaction of the mentioned drugs with 1,2-naphthoquinone sulfonate (NQS) in an aqueous pH 6 to give a fluorescent product with a maximum emission wave at ʎem 471 nm after being excited at a maximum excitation wave at ʎ ex 300 nm. The plots have complied within the range of 0.01- 4.0, 0.01-2 µg/ml, and The detection limits (0.0062, 0.0027) and quantitation limits were (0.0207, 0.0091) µg/ml, for adrenaline and dopamine respectively. The accuracy (% recovery) was between (99.21% - 100.72%) and the relative standard deviation (RSD%) is better than 0.95%. It was also found that the formed product was in a ratio of 1:2 reagent to the drug. The estimation of adrenaline and dopamine has been successfully tested on the injection, and it is in good agreement with its approved value and with that of the British Pharmacopoeia method.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • The Comparison of Bone Mineral Density and Bone Mineral Content between
           Both Urban and Rural ...

    • Abstract: In this study, the bone state of women in an urban group was measured and compared to a rural group. The assessments revealed the measurements of bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD). A cross-sectional study was done at the DXA laboratory, Physiology Department, College of Medicine, University of Ninevah, Mosul, Iraq. 139 healthy females were enrolled through a college medical academic center assessment. They were split into two groups: rural (53 participants) and urban (86 participants). Study participants provided detailed anthropometric data. A DXA bone densitometer scanner type (STRATOS) from the (DMS) group in France was used to measure the T- and Z-scores. All sample groups were classified according to age from 30-79 years and divided into subgroups for every 10 years. The results show that BMC and BMD values were higher in the rural group in comparison with the urban group for all age categories with a highly significant p = 0.0001.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Preparation and study of some physical properties of silver nanoparticles
           by pulsed laser ...

    • Abstract: In this paper, the pulsed laser method was used to obtain silver nanoparticles, and one of the first signs indicating the production or generation of nanoparticles using the pulsed laser is the change in the color of the solution. In our study, deionized distilled water with a volume of 5 mL was used to prepare the samples with energy (300, 500)mj With pulsed (50, 100, 150, 200) pulse. We observed change in color of solution to a dark yellowish color that means obtained silver nanoparticles. In another side study the obsorbancy and transmission by using U-Visible spectroscopy, the peaks of all samples were at 400 nm this confirms that nanoparticles have been obtained. The mean energy gab calculated for direct transition allowed of the samples are 2.94 eV.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Assessment of Tolerance Levels to Air Pollution for Some Species of Trees
           and Shrubs Growing on ...

    • Abstract: Abstract This study was conducted in the western part of Mosul city from 20/9/2020 to the end of spring 2021 to assess the tolerance of some trees and shrubs against air pollution based on the air pollution tolerance index APTI. The sites were tested according to the different traffic density and human activities, and included areas Residential, main and secondary roads, samples of healthy leaves were collected for 19 species of trees and shrubs in the season of summer, winter, spring and autumn, and included some evergreen species such as orientalis Biota, , Nerium oleander , Cupressus sempervirens var pyramidalis , Cupressus sempervirens var.horizantalis, Casuarina equistifolia , Olea europaea , Eucalyptus camaldulenses , Pinus brutia , Dypsis lutesens , Washingtonia filifera , Tamarix articulate , Callistemon viminalis , Leucaena leucephala, And falling leaves Melia azedarach , Morus alba , Ziziphus spina-christi , Ficus carica , Albizia lebbeek ,Populus euphratica. . Some biochemical characteristics were used to evaluate the ability of these species to resist pollutants and the possibility of using them for planting on the roadsides. Analysis of variance and LSD test were used to find out the statistical differences between the different species. The results of this study indicated that there was a significant difference between the different species, as a result, the highest value of the relative moisture content of the callistemon viminalis trees in the Al tayaran area was (87.461%) among all other plant species, the Leucaena leucephala trees contained a high percentage of chlorophyll,
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Gauss-Hermite Cubature Method to estimate parameters of a multivariate

    • Abstract: In this paper, the multivariate generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) was studied when there are three response variables, distributed as Normal, Bernoulli, and Poisson. And because there is a multiple integration in the likelihood function for the model under study, it is necessary to use mathematical methods to solve this integration, and because it is not possible to obtain the result of this integration by the well-known methods of integration, numerical methods have been used, the Gauss-Hermite Cubature (GHC) algorithm, which is one of the most common numerical integration methods. Then the estimates were obtained by maximizing the resulting likelihood function with respect to the parameters, and thus, estimates were obtained for the parameters. On the practical side, we have used real data representing the effect of potassium as a fixed effect, and referring patients were considered as a random effect on three response variables: calcium, creatinine, and urea as they follow Normal, Bernoulli, and Poisson distributions taken from the records of the Vajin Hospital in Dohuk city. The regression coefficients showed that the effect of potassium is positive on both calcium and urea because the values of the coefficients are positive, while its effect is negative on the creatinine because the value of the coefficient is negative. Based on the results, the researchers recommended several recommendations, including estimating the standard error of the estimates in their light, in order to construct hypotheses for a significance test about regression coefficients.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • The New Approach Optimization Markov Weighted Fuzzy Time Series using
           Particle Swarm Algorithm

    • Abstract: Markov Weighted Fuzzy Time Series is a forecasting method that applies fuzzy logic to form linguistic variables from existing data. The formation of linguistic variables makes it possible for the forecasting process to be more accurate by considering the uncertainty aspect in decision-making. Its formation is started by grouping the data into a certain number of clusters. The next step is fuzzification, transition matrix formation, and defuzzification for forecasting. In the process of grouping, the existing data will be grouped into several clusters so that it results in the interval length of each cluster. One of the problems of this grouping is the absence of a base standard in the clustering process so it is prone to have a different value in forecasting accuracy. The difference in the number of the class or interval length will result in different accuracy even though the clustering method that is used is the same. In this study, the author proposes the idea of using Particle Swarm Optimization to improve the interval length. The initial interval that is already obtained through the K-means clustering algorithm will be evaluated using the Particle Swarm Optimization method so that it will have a new interval that later will be used in the fuzzification process and forecasting. The accuracy of forecasting can be calculated by using Mean Absolute Percentage Error from Markov Weighted Fuzzy Time Series conventional method and Markov Weighted Fuzzy Time Series method with Particle Swarm Optimization. The result of this study gives an improvement in error value from 8.03% to 5.88%.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Detecting A Medical Mask During The COVID-19 Pandemic Using Machine
           Learning: A Review Study

    • Abstract: Since the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been government instructions to citizens to wear a medical mask in crowded places and institutions to prevent or reduce the spread of the pandemic, as the most common method of transmission of COVID-19 is (coughing or sneezing), the spread of infection of this disease can be reduced by wearing a mask Medical, and to ensure that everyone wears a mask is not easy. In this paper, we try to study research in the field of identifying the medical mask and the machine learning algorithms used to build a system capable of detecting the medical mask in faces through images and video in real time. We also explain in this research an overview of the importance of machine learning and deep learning methods, especially Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and the basic steps for creating the system We reveal the medical mask, and we highlight the methods and stages of building the model with its accuracy and get acquainted with the datasets used in building the model and the size of the data set (number of images) used in the training and testing phase of the model and the mechanism by which The researcher worked out to build his own system.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • A Review Of Clustering Methods Based on Artificial Intelligent Techniques

    • Abstract: Due to the development in various areas of life, the development of the Internet, and the presence of many dataset, and in order to obtain useful information from the rapidly increasing volumes of digital data, there must be theories and computational tools to help humans extract the useful information they need from this data. Large data is collected from many different services and resources. Clustering is one of the most basic and well-known methods of data mining and extraction and obtaining useful information. The technique of recognizing natural groups or clusters within several datasets based on some measure of similarity is known as data clustering. Many researchers have introduced and developed many clustering algorithms based on the different methods of artificial intelligence techniques. Finding the right algorithms greatly helps in organizing information and extracting the correct answer from different database queries. This paper provides an overview of the different clustering methods using artificial intelligence and finding the appropriate clustering algorithm to process different data sets. We highlight the best-performing clustering algorithm that gives effective and correct clustering for each data set.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Measurement of Low-Pressure Plasma Parameters by the Floating Double Probe
           Method for Dry Air ...

    • Abstract: The electrical continuous glow discharge is in the capillary tubes. It has gained great interest especially in the applications of liquid crystals as well as display plasmas and soft x-ray lasers. In the present work, an electrical discharge system was designed consisting of a capillary tube and two electrodes. The cathode takes on a hollow geometric shape from nickel material to obtain a high current density. The anode electrode is a tungsten material. The inter-electrodes distance was taken as 12 cm. The floating Langmuir double probe was used as a diagnostic Tool to measure the plasma parameters at different ranges of gas pressure for dry air and helium as working gases. The current-voltage characteristics of the double probe were measured at gas pressure 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, and 0.7 torr. All measurements are conducted at a constant power of 0.6 watt. Electron temperature and ion saturation current were extracted from the I-V characteristics curves. The electron density, Debye length, and plasma frequency were calculated. It was observed that the electron temperature decreases with increasing working gas pressure. The influence of pressure on electron density and ion saturation current gave a clear similarity to the variation in them with pressure in both gases used. Comparisons of the effect of pressure on plasma parameters in working gases were illustrated. The results were in reasonable agreement with previous research.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Improving Security Using Cryptography Based on Smartphone User Locations

    • Abstract: Smartphones have become widely employed in a range of fields as a result of substantial developments in communication technology, distribution, and the development of numerous types of smart mobile devices. The goal of this research is to secure information sent over mobile phone networks. In this paper, we propose using cryptography to create a more secure application for transmitting confidential information, using encryption to improve security, and depending on the location of the mobile phone user's coordinates, obtained via GPS, to increase security. The XOR process was used between coordinates, the idea was new, the application was implemented, and good results were obtained. The process of converting text into unreadable text is known as ciphering, and in order to achieve it in this paper the Twofish algorithm was used to encrypt confidential information. When sending the coordinates, the RSA algorithm was used to encrypt them as for the Twofish algorithm, the coordinates serve as a key. We conclude that the proposed system used in this study achieved a high level of security.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Preparation and study of some physical properties of copper nanoparticles
           by pulsed laser ...

    • Abstract: In this paper, the pulsed ablation laser in liquids (PLAL)method was used to obtain copper nanoparticles from material copper, One of the first signs of nanoparticle production or generation using the pulsed laser is a change in the color of the sample's solution as the concentration of nanoparticles increases. In our study, deionized distilled water with a volume of 5 mL was used to prepare the samples with energy (300, 500)mj. With number of pulsed (50, 100, 150, 200) pulse respectively. We noticed a change in the color of the solution to a dark white color, indicating the presence of silver nanoparticles. In another side study the obsorbancy and transmission by using UV-Visible spectroscopy, the peaks of all samples were at wave length at (250-260) nm. This confirms that nanoparticles have been obtained from silver material. The determined mean energy gab for direct transition allowed of the samples is 2.74 eV.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Performance Analysis of n-ZnO/p-Si Heterojunction Diode as Function of
           Zinc Oxide Thin Films ...

    • Abstract: The n-type Zinc oxide (n-ZnO) nanostructured thin films (TFs) with different thicknesses (211, 325, 433 and 552 nm) were grown onto glass substrates employing the CVD technique at atmospheric pressure. Deposited films were characterized by EDX spectroscopy attached with FE-SEM and XRD techniques to determine the influence of thickness on elemental compositions and crystalline structure of ZnO films, respectively. Also, ZnO TFs were deposited on the p-Si(111) substrates to form different structures of n-ZnO/p-Si heterojunction diodes and then I-V characteristics were studied in the dark. The electrical parameters of the diodes such as rectification ratio (RR), reverse saturation current (Is), ideality factor (), barrier height (b) and series resistance (Rs) were calculated from the I-V measurements. EDX spectra showed that these films were only made from Zn and O elements. XRD patterns presented that the ZnO films possess hexagonal wurtzite structure with preferred orientation along [002] direction. I-V characteristics of the heterojunction diodes revealed rectification behavior and depend on ZnO TFs thickness. Also, electrical parameters of diodes were affected by the prepared film's thickness. It was found that the crystalline structure of the films and electrical properties of diodes were improved with increasing the thickness of ZnO films. It is noted that the best heterojunction diodes were that prepared with thickness (552 nm), where possess lowest value of ideality factor (3.38) and a series resistance (0.84 k) with a highest rectification ratio (1517), compared with other structures. This study offers a simple model for fabricating diodes from semiconductor films.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Comparison of the Inhibitory Antibacterial Activity of Dry Body Extract of
           Periplaneta ...

    • Abstract: Insects have been considered the main source of very useful chemical compounds. Today, the insect's innate immunity is a subject of antibiotic alternatives by experimenting with their body extracts. After application of the "Sequential solvent polarity" method. The dry body extract of the Americana cockroach, Periplaneta americana was exhibited had variable growth inhibition between the tasted pathogenic bacteria, the methanol cold extract was more effective than with other (Hexane, Diethyl ether, Ethyl acetate, Methanol) solvents by inhibition zone diameters; (29.0, 22.0,24.0, 22.3) mm for (Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae) respectively. In comparison between the antibacterial of the methanol extracts of the cockroach and the paper wasp Polistes watti, extract of the P. americana in more active in the inhibition of all four tested bacteria as follows: (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae) for (7.7, 18.3, 8.7, 6.0) mm respectively. Extract of P. americana have antibacterial activity do to it living in an ecological niche which characterized by organic and bacterial pollution so, the growth of human pathogenic bacteria in more inhibited than the social entomophagous  P. watti wasp. The present study had given promise alternative of the personal antibiotics, by as more effective than the standers drugs (Ceftriaxone, Gentamicin) after separation and identification of the active molecules and used as a template for the future manufacturing industry.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Antimicrobial Activity of Local Rhizobial Isolates Against Some fungi

    • Abstract: In this study, three isolates of Ensifer fredii bv. fredii were isolated from root nodules of Vigna unguiculata L. (Cowpea) which collected from different cultural areas in Nineveh Governorate/Iraq. The rhizobial colonies were purified and their agronomic and biochemical characteristics were studied. Microscopic examination results showed rod negative Gram stain bacteria, whereas the three isolates showed ability to grow on rhizobial minimal medium (RMM), motility on TY semi-solid medium, gelatin liquefaction, citrate utilization as a sole carbon source, as well as the isolates showed a positive result for Triple Sugar Iron (TSI). Antimicrobial activity study of local rhizobial isolates against fungi showed a clear effect on studied fungi. The filtrate culture of Ensifer fredii bv. fredii ORM1 showed inhibition zone effect with average 12.6, 10.3 and 12.0 mm against Aspergillus niger MR1, Fusarium solani MR2 and Penicillium spp. MR3, respectively, whereas the filtrate culture of Ensifer fredii bv. fredii ORM13 showed inhibition zone effect with average 10.0, 13.3 and 13.0 mm against Aspergillus niger MR1, Fusarium solani MR2 and Penicillium spp. MR3, respectively. A filtrate culture of Ensifer fredii bv. fredii ORM23 showed less effect against each of Aspergillus niger MR1 and Penicillium spp. MR3 which inhibition zone average 8.6 mm, whereas there is no inhibition effect were recorded for culture filtrate against Fusarium solani MR2.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Morphological characters the pollen grains of Apricot plant Prunus
           armeniaca L. ...

    • Abstract: The Present study aims to study the morphological characters of the pollen grains for six Apricot cultivars Prunus armeniaca L. and six cultivars of Plum P. domestica L. planted in northern Iraq.Using the Light Microscope and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). It was found that the pollen grains in all the cultivars were, isopolar tricorporate, and with one-, two-, and four-holes models were found, and their shape in the polar view was either tetra angular, spherical- triangular, or triangular, While in the equatorial view, the pollen shapes were ovoid, spherical or semi-spherical .The surface ornamentation was in several forms, including reticulate, granular, thin longitudinal striped, short transverse striped, granular and striped grains and striped.The quantitative and qualitative morphological characteristics of pollen grains showed a high taxonomic value in separating and isolating the cultivars of the two studied species.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • The Assessment of the Bone Quality with Low Back Pain

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to measure osteoporosis in the right heel bone. A total of 123 Iraqi men and women with low back pain (LBP) participated in the study (18 males and 105 females). Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) was used to assess osteoporosis, speed of sound (SOS), broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA), and calcaneus bone quality index (BQI). A dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to determine tissue thickness, fracture risk factor, and abdominal fat percentage. The results indicate that SOS was 1495.43±18.780 m/sec. Participants had a Z-score of -1.10±1.56. The fracture risk factor for participants was 1.622± 1.90 when DXA measurements were taken. Low back pain measurements revealed that the age group between 51-60 years had the highest prevalence. The correlation between the T-score and the calcaneal SOS is a linear relationship with a P-value of 0.0001. When we examine the relationship between the Z-score and the calcaneal BUA, we see that it is linear and statistically significant (P-value less than 0.0001). The correlations between calcaneal BQI and BMI, as well as between calcaneal BUA and tissue thickness, were found to be statistically insignificant (P-value = 0.8 and 0.8, respectively). The correlation between calcaneal SOS and abdominal fat percent appears to be statistically significant (P-value=0.05) (linear correlation is weak).
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
  • Measurement of Osteoporosis Using Quantitative Ultrasound Technique

    • Abstract: The aim of study is to measure osteoporosis in the right foot at the heel (calcaneus) by using the quantitative ultrasound (QUS) technique. It was measured (SOS, BUA, BQI, T-score and Z-score). While the usage of the DXA technique is measure the tissue thickness. Osteoporosis represents low bone mineral density (BMD). The heel of the foot (calcaneus) uses in QUS measurements because it contains a high ratio of trabecular bone. T-score is the predominant the diagnosis of osteoporosis used for adults, men and women over 50 years. From T-score can be to know the ratio of BMD, according to the WHO a T-score can be classified (Normal, Osteopenia and Osteoporosis). Age group 31-40 years was T-score for both sex (-0.667) is meaning (Normal bone). In the age group, 51-60 years was T-score (-1.60) for both sex represents (osteopenia). While age group 71-80 years T-score for females (-2.56) and males (-3.30), means that both males and females have (osteoporosis). P-value<0.0001 for a linear relationship between Z-score and calcaneal SOS, the value of correlation coefficient (R=0.916) and correlation coefficient square (Rsq=0.838). For correlation parameters of the relationship between calcaneal BUA and BMI includes both (P-value=0.8, R=0.020, Rsq=0.0004). The relationship between calcaneal BQI and tissue thickness is the P-value=0.7, the value correlation coefficient and the correlation coefficient square (R=-0.029, R=0.0008).
      PubDate: Sat, 28 May 2022 19:30:00 +010
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