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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
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Open Pharmacology Journal
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1874-1436
Published by Bentham Open Homepage  [69 journals]
  • Single Time Heated Different Vegetable Oils Use-Impact on the Magnitude of
           Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) Associated Adverse Effects

    • Abstract: Background:In clinical practice, Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) is standard of care for patients of gastrointestinal tract disorders. TPN therapy is associated with a number of adverse effects like hepatobiliary dysfunction, dyslipidemia, and oxidative stress. Different vegetable oils are used by every individual daily in routine life.Objective:This study assessed the magnitude of TPN-associated adverse effects in animals fed on different vegetable oils.Methods:Healthy adult rabbits of local strain were divided into 5 groups (n= 8). The study was divided into 2 phases. Phase I: oil feeding; the first set of rabbits served as control and fed on a normal rabbit diet. Four sets of rabbits were treated for 16 weeks with 1 ml/kg/day of single time heated olive (STH-OO), canola (STH-CO), sunflower oils (STH-SO) or a mixture of these oils (STH-MVO). In phase II: TPN was given to each group, including the control group, for 2 weeks. Before and after TPN therapy, body and liver weights were measured. Plasma lipid profile [triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoproteins, low-density lipoproteins, very-low-density lipoproteins], liver function marker [total-protein, albumin, total and direct bilirubin, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and alkaline phosphatase], oxidative stress and tissue damage parameters [malondialdehyde, C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, and creatine phosphokinase] of all the groups weremeasured at the end of TPN therapy.Results:Significantly (
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