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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 346)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 164)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 142)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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Drugs in R & D
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.881
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1174-5886 - ISSN (Online) 1179-6901
Published by Adis Homepage  [21 journals]
  • Evaluation of Ornidazole Tablets Bioequivalence in Chinese Healthy
           Participants Under Fasted and Fed Conditions Using Pharmacokinetic
           Parameters

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Ornidazole, the third generation of nitroimidazole derivatives after metronidazole and tinidazole, it exerts both bactericidal and antiprotozoal effects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetic and bioequivalence of two ornidazole tablets manufactured by two different manufacturers based on their pharmacokinetic parameters. Patients and Methods Fasted and fed healthy Chinese volunteers participated in a randomized sequence, single-dose, open-label, two-period crossover trial. There were 24 participants in both the fed study and the fasted study. Following a 7-day washout period before receiving the alternative formulation, eligible research participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive a single dosage of either the reference formulation or the test formulation. Following tablet administration, plasma samples were obtained over 72 h and analyzed using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) to evaluate ornidazole contents. maximum plasma concentration (Cmax), time to Cmax (Tmax), the area under the curve (AUC) from t = 0 to infinity (AUC0–∞), AUC from t = 0 to the last quantifiable concentration (AUC0–t), half-life (t1/2), and terminal elimination rate constant (z) were evaluated as pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters. The safety evaluation involved adverse events (AEs) incidence and alterations in laboratory tests (hepatic function, blood biochemistry, hematology, and urinalysis) or vital signs (temperature, pulse, and blood pressure). Results For the bioequivalence assessment in the fast trial, the prime PK parameters comparison between the reference and test formulation revealed that the GMR (90% CI) values for AUC0–t, Cmax, and AUC0–∞ were 100.97% (99.12–102.85%), 99.88% (90.63–110.08%), and 101.12% (99.17–103.11%), respectively. For the bioequivalence assessment in the fed trial, the key PK parameters comparison between the reference and test formulations revealed that the GMR (90% CI) values for AUC0–t, Cmax, and AUC0–∞ were 103.00% (100.94–105.11%), 101.90% (99.63–104.22%), and 102.99% (100.87–105.16%), respectively. The geometric mean ratios (GMRs) for the primary pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, AUC0–72, and AUC0–∞) between the two formulations and the corresponding 90% confidence intervals (CIs) were all within the range of 80.00–125.00% for both the fasting and fed states. Both treatments have comparable safety profiles. Conclusion The bioequivalence and tolerability of ornidazole tablet reference and test formulations were evaluated among healthy Chinese participants under both fasting and fed conditions. The results indicated that both formulations were bioequivalent and generally well tolerated; besides, the interaction between food and drug may affect drug pharmacokinetics. Trial Registration CTR20212873, registered on 15 November 2021; ChiCTR2300069098, registered on 7 March 2023.
      PubDate: 2024-04-22
       
  • Future Perspectives of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Review of Novel
           Pipeline Treatments and Indications

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      Abstract: Abstract Pulmonary arterial hypertension is characterized by elevated blood pressure and pathological changes in the pulmonary arterioles, leading to the development of right-heart failure and potentially fatal outcomes if left untreated. This review aims to provide an overview of novel drugs or formulations and new drug indications for pulmonary arterial hypertension that are currently in phases II–III of randomized controlled trials, and describe the rationale for the use of these targeted therapies, as well as their efficacy, safety profile, and impact on quality of life and survival. The literature research was conducted using data from ClinicalTrials.gov for the period between 1 January 2016 up to 31 December 2022. The population of interest includes individuals aged ≥ 18 years who have been diagnosed with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The review selection criteria included trials with recruiting, enrolling by invitation, active, terminated or completed status in 2022 and 2023. A total of 24 studies were selected for evaluation based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This review summarizes the updated information from randomized clinical trials involving novel therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, larger clinical trials are required to validate their clinical safety and effects. In the future, clinicians should choose therapies based on the patient's individual situation and requirements when developing treatment strategies.
      PubDate: 2024-03-22
       
  • Application of Transthoracic Echocardiography for Cardiac Safety
           Evaluation in the Clinical Development Process of Vaccines Against
           Streptococcus pyogenes

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      Abstract: Abstract Superficial infections with Streptococcus pyogenes (Strep A), pharyngitis and impetigo can induce acute rheumatic fever, an autoimmune sequela manifesting mostly with arthritis and rheumatic carditis. Valvular heart damage can persist or advance following repeated episodes of acute rheumatic fever, causing rheumatic heart disease. Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease disproportionately affect children and young adults in developing countries and disadvantaged communities in developed countries. People living with rheumatic heart disease are at risk of experiencing potentially fatal complications such as heart failure, bacterial endocarditis or stroke. Transthoracic echocardiography plays a central role in diagnosing both rheumatic carditis and rheumatic heart disease. Despite the obvious medical need, no licensed Strep A vaccines are currently available, as their clinical development process faces several challenges, including concerns for cardiac safety. However, the development of Strep A vaccines has been recently relaunched by many vaccine developers. In this context, a reliable and consistent safety evaluation of Strep A vaccine candidates, including the use of transthoracic echocardiography for detecting cardiac adverse events, could greatly contribute to developing a safe and efficacious product in the near future. Here, we propose a framework for the consistent use of transthoracic echocardiography to proactively detect cardiac safety events in clinical trials of Strep A vaccine candidates.
      PubDate: 2024-03-18
       
  • Linezolid-Induced Thrombocytopenia in Patients with Renal Impairment: A
           Case Series, Review and Dose Advice

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Oral linezolid is often used as alternative therapy for intravenous vancomycin. According to the current guidelines, no dose adjustment has to be made in case of renal impairment. Nevertheless, in our hospital we have seen several patients with renal impairment who developed linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia when linezolid was taken in the standard dose. In this case series and review we want to emphasize the necessity of reviewing the Dutch and international guidelines. Methods We describe five cases with renal impairment that developed linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia in our hospital. A PubMed literature review was conducted to identify other cases and find the optimal dosing regimen for these patients. Results Our cases join a long list of cases and available literature about linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia in patients with renal impairment. Less linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia was found, both in our cases and in the literature, after dose reduction of 50%. High linezolid trough concentrations were associated with a higher risk of linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia. Besides renal impairment, other risk factors for developing linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia were also identified, such as low body weight, high daily dose/kg, higher age, longer duration of therapy, low baseline count, malignity, low-dose aspirin and interacting co-medication. Conclusion Re-evaluation of the current dose advice is necessary. We advocate for a standard dose reduction to 50% after 2 days of standard dosing for all patients with an estimated glomerular filtration of <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Besides this, therapeutic drug monitoring and thrombocytes monitoring may be executed weekly when patients have renal impairment or other risk factors for developing linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia.
      PubDate: 2024-03-14
       
  • Effect of Daridorexant on the Pharmacokinetics of Midazolam, and on the
           Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Warfarin in Healthy Male Subjects
           

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      Abstract: Background and Objectives Daridorexant, a dual orexin receptor antagonist was recently approved for the treatment of insomnia at doses up to 50 mg once per night. This study investigated the effect of single-dose and multiple-dose daridorexant 50 mg at steady state on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4-sensitive substrate midazolam, and the effect of single-dose daridorexant 50 mg on the PK and pharmacodynamics (PD) of the CYP2C9-sensitive substrate warfarin. Methods In this prospective, single-center, open-label, fixed-sequence, phase I, drug–drug interaction study, 18 healthy male subjects sequentially received Treatment A, B, and C in three periods. Treatment A consisted of a single oral concomitant administration of midazolam 2 mg and warfarin 25 mg on day 1 of the first period. Treatment B consisted of one oral administration of daridorexant 50 mg followed 1 h later by a single oral dose of midazolam 2 mg concomitantly with a single oral dose of warfarin 25 mg on day 1 and a once-daily oral administration of daridorexant 50 mg for 6 days of the second period. Treatment C consisted of a single oral administration of daridorexant 50 mg at steady state followed 1 h later by a single oral administration of midazolam 2 mg on day 1 of the third period. Blood samples were assessed for midazolam and S-warfarin PK, and PD (international normalized ratio and factor VII). Noncompartmental  PK parameters and PD variables were evaluated with geometric mean ratios and 90% confidence intervals of Treatment B/A versus C/A for midazolam, and treatment B/A for warfarin. Safety and tolerability of each treatment were also assessed. Results Midazolam maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration–time curve from 0 to 24 h (AUC0–24) were 1.13- and 1.42-fold higher, respectively, after single-dose administration of daridorexant 50 mg compared to administration of midazolam alone, while Cmax and AUC0–24 were 1.12- and 1.35-fold higher, respectively, after administration of daridorexant 50 mg once daily at steady state. Terminal half-life and time to maximum plasma concentration were comparable between treatments. Daridorexant had no influence on the PK and PD of warfarin. All treatments were safe and well tolerated. Conclusions Daridorexant at 50 mg is classified as a weak CYP3A4 inhibitor after single- and multiple-dose administration once daily at steady state. Daridorexant 50 mg did not induce CYP3A4 activity or inhibit CYP2C9 activity. Clinical Trial Registration This trial (NCT05480488) was registered on 29 July, 2022.
      PubDate: 2024-03-13
       
  • Bioequivalence Study of Tebipenem Pivoxil in Healthy Chinese Adults

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Tebipenem pivoxil (TP) is a carbapenem and is applied against pneumonia, otitis media, and sinusitis. This study compared the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of a test (T) preparation and reference (R) preparation of TP in healthy Chinese adults. Methods This study was a single-center, randomized, open, single-dose (fasting/postprandial) oral administration, two-agent, two-sequence, two-cycle, crossover bioequivalence trial. A total of 60 participants were enrolled (24 fasting and 36 postprandial). All participants were randomly assigned to the TR sequence and RT sequence. Subsequently, they switched T sequences or R sequences 7 days later. PK blood samples were collected according to the protocol, plasma TP concentration was determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, main PK parameters were calculated based on a non-compartment model, and adverse events were recorded during the test. Results In the feeding arm, the geometric mean ratio of maximum concentration (Cmax) was 89.84% (90% confidence interval 84.33–95.70), the geometric mean ratio of area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time 0 to last time of quantifiable concentration (AUC0–t) was 86.80% (83.62–90.10), and the geometric mean ratio of area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time 0 to infinity time of quantifiable concentration (AUC0–∞) was 86.90% (83.73–90.20), which were within the acceptable range of bioequivalence (80–125%). In the fasting arm, the geometric mean ratio of Cmax was 96.07% (89.62–102.99), the geometric mean ratio of AUC0–t was 93.09% (90.47–95.78), and the geometric mean ratio of AUC0–∞ was 93.09% (90.48–95.77), which was within the acceptable range of bioequivalence (80–125%). Hence, the T preparation and R preparation of TP had bioequivalence in the fasting arm and feeding arm of the clinical trial. In addition, all adverse events were mild, and no severe adverse events were noted. Conclusion Preparations T and R of TP were bioequivalent in the fasting and postprandial groups in clinical trials, and TP was safe.
      PubDate: 2024-03-07
       
  • Case Report: Life-Threatening Fluoxetine-Linked Postoperative Bleeding
           Informed by Pharmacogenetic Evaluation

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      Abstract: Background Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) are commonly used for the treatment of depression and anxiety. Inhibition of serotonin reuptake in platelets increases bleeding risk in patients taking SSRIs. Case Here, we present the case of a 52-year-old patient who developed severe postsurgical bleeding requiring blood transfusion following panniculectomy. Conclusion SSRI-induced bleeding is dose-related and strongly influenced by individual variations in drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Video abstract Supplementary file1 (MP4 8441 KB)
      PubDate: 2024-02-28
       
  • Pharmacokinetic and Safety Study of Bismuth Potassium Citrate Formulations
           in Healthy Subjects

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      Abstract: Background Potassium bismuth citrate is a gastric mucosal protector and a key drug for treating peptic ulcers. Objective To evaluate the pharmacokinetic characteristics and safety of 120-mg bismuth potassium citrate formulations administered orally under fasting conditions in healthy Chinese subjects. Method A single-center open two-cycle trial was conducted on 12 healthy subjects who received a single oral dose of 120 mg of bismuth potassium citrate. The plasma concentration of bismuth was determined using a validated inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP‒MS) method. The pharmacokinetic parameters, including maximum serum concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve concentration–time curve (AUC0–t and AUC0–∞), and safety were evaluated via noncompartment analysis. Results The ratios of the least square geometric mean ratio between the test (T) and reference (R) formulations for Cmax, AUC0–t, and AUC0–∞ were 44.8%, 55.5%, and 64.4%, respectively; the bilateral 95% confidence intervals (Cis) for these parameters were 20.2–99.6%, 24.1–127.5%, and 23.7–175.0%, respectively, and the non-inferior limits for these parameters were 169.4%, 198.8%, and 200.5%, respectively. The upper limits of the one-sided 97.5% confidence interval for the least squares geometric mean ratio (T/R) were lower than the non-inferior limits. No serious adverse reactions or adverse reactions leading to detachment were observed among the subjects. Conclusion The concentration of bismuth in the blood of healthy subjects in the T formulation was not greater than that in the R formulation. Similarly, the safety of oral administration of 120 mg of bismuth potassium citrate formulations to healthy subjects was good. The trial registration number (TRN) was [2018] 013, 6 December 2018.
      PubDate: 2024-02-12
       
  • Real-World Experience of Carglumic Acid for Methylmalonic and Propionic
           Acidurias: An Interim Analysis of the Multicentre Observational PROTECT
           Study

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) and propionic aciduria (PA) are organic acidurias characterised by the accumulation of toxic metabolites and hyperammonaemia related to secondary N-acetylglutamate deficiency. Carglumic acid, a synthetic analogue of N-acetylglutamate, decreases ammonia levels by restoring the functioning of the urea cycle. However, there are limited data available on the long-term safety and effectiveness of carglumic acid. Here, we present an interim analysis of the ongoing, long-term, prospective, observational PROTECT study (NCT04176523), which is investigating the long-term use of carglumic acid in children and adults with MMA and PA. Methods Individuals with MMA or PA from France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the UK who have received at least 1 year of carglumic acid treatment as part of their usual care are eligible for inclusion. The primary objective is the number and duration of acute metabolic decompensation events with hyperammonaemia (ammonia level >159 µmol/L during a patient’s first month of life or >60 µmol/L thereafter, with an increased lactate level [> 1.8 mmol/L] and/or acidosis [pH < 7.35]) before and after treatment with carglumic acid. Peak plasma ammonia levels during the last decompensation event before and the first decompensation event after carglumic acid initiation, and the annualised rate of decompensation events before and after treatment initiation are also being assessed. Secondary objectives include the duration of hospital stay associated with decompensation events. Data are being collected at approximately 12 months’ and 18 months’ follow-up. Results Of the patients currently enrolled in the PROTECT study, data from ten available patients with MMA (n = 4) and PA (n = 6) were analysed. The patients had received carglumic acid for 14–77 (mean 36) months. Carglumic acid reduced the median peak ammonia level of the total patient population from 250 µmol/L (range 97–2569) before treatment to 103 µmol/L (range 97–171) after treatment. The annualised rate of acute metabolic decompensations with hyperammonaemia was reduced by a median of – 41% (range − 100% to + 60%) after treatment with carglumic acid. Of the five patients who experienced a decompensation event before treatment and for whom a post-treatment rate could be calculated, the annualised decompensation event rate was lower after carglumic acid treatment in four patients. The mean duration of hospital inpatient stay during decompensation events was shorter after than before carglumic acid treatment initiation in four of five patients for whom length of stay could be calculated. Conclusions In this group of patients with MMA and PA, treatment with carglumic acid for at least 1 year reduced peak plasma ammonia levels in the total patient population and reduced the frequency of metabolic decompensation events, as well as the duration of inpatient stay due to metabolic decompensations in a subset of patients. Clinical Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04176523. Registered 25 November, 2019, retrospectively registered, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04176523.
      PubDate: 2024-01-10
       
  • Demonstration of Physicochemical and Functional Similarity of Biosimilar
           Adalimumab-aqvh to Adalimumab

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      Abstract: Background Adalimumab-aqvh/CHS-1420 (YUSIMRYTM) (hereafter referred to as adalimumab-aqvh) was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration as a biosimilar for adalimumab. Objective The current study was conducted to investigate the analytical similarity of adalimumab-aqvh and the reference product, adalimumab. Methods The structural, functional, and stability attributes of adalimumab-aqvh and adalimumab were compared using state-of-the-art assays. The primary structure, disulfide structure, glycan profile, secondary and tertiary structures, molar mass, size variants, free thiol, charge variants, hydrophobic variants, post-translational modifications, subvisible particles, host cell proteins, and protein concentration were investigated. The functional similarity between adalimumab-aqvh and adalimumab was demonstrated by comparing fragment antigen-binding (Fab)-associated and fragment crystallizable (Fc)-associated biological activities. The stability of adalimumab-aqvh and of adalimumab was compared through forced degradation. Results The structural attributes of adalimumab-aqvh were identical to those of adalimumab or met the similarity criteria, with a few exceptions. Adalimumab-aqvh and adalimumab exhibited comparable stability profiles and functional activities. Any observed differences in the physiochemical attributes did not impact the conclusion of similarity because they did not influence any functional activities related to the adalimumab mechanism of action. Conclusion The structural, functional, and stability data provide convincing evidence of biosimilarity between adalimumab-aqvh and the reference product, adalimumab.
      PubDate: 2023-12-01
       
  • Tremor Induced by Cyclosporine, Tacrolimus, Sirolimus, or Everolimus: A
           Review of the Literature

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      Abstract: Calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine and tacrolimus are immunosuppressant drugs that are known to induce tremors. Non-calcineurin inhibitors such as sirolimus and everolimus have also reportedly been accompanied by tremors, albeit less likely. However, the prevalence rates reported in the literature are notably wide, and the risk profiles for these drug-induced tremors are less understood. We searched PubMed to extract data on the risk of tremors with these drugs when prescribed for various transplant and non-transplant indications. We ascertained whether the risk of drug-induced tremor is influenced by the underlying diagnosis, dosing formulations, drug concentrations, and blood monitoring. We extracted data on treatment strategies and outcomes for tremors. Articles were primarily screened based on English language publications, abstracts, and studies with n ≥ 5, which included case series, retrospective studies, case-controlled studies, and prospective studies. We found 81 eligible studies comprising 33 cyclosporine, 43 tacrolimus, 6 sirolimus, and 1 everolimus that discussed tremor as an adverse event. In the pooled analysis of studies with n > 100, the incidence of tremor was 17% with cyclosporine, 21.5% with tacrolimus, and 7.8% with sirolimus and everolimus together. Regarding the underlying diagnosis, tremor was more frequently reported in kidney transplant (cyclosporine 28%, tacrolimus 30.1%) and bone marrow transplant (cyclosporine 40%, tacrolimus 41.9%) patients compared with liver transplant (cyclosporine 9%, tacrolimus 11.5%) and nontransplant indications (cyclosporine 21.5%, tacrolimus 11.3%). Most studies did not report whether the risk of tremors correlated with drug concentrations in the blood. The prevalence of tremors when using the twice-daily formulation of tacrolimus was nearly the same as the once-daily formulation (17% vs 18%). Data on individual-level risk factors for tremors were lacking. Except for three studies that found some benefit to maintaining magnesium levels, there were minimal data on treatments and outcomes. A large body of data supports a substantive and wide prevalence of tremor resulting from tacrolimus use followed by cyclosporine, especially in patients receiving a kidney transplant. However, there is little reporting on the patient-related risk factors for tremor, risk relationship with drug concentrations, treatment strategies, and outcomes.
      PubDate: 2023-12-01
       
  • Acknowledgement to Referees

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      PubDate: 2023-11-08
       
  • A Guide to Expanding the Use of Buprenorphine Beyond Standard Initiations
           for Opioid Use Disorder

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      Abstract: Abstract Buprenorphine has become an important medication in the context of the ongoing opioid epidemic. However, complex pharmacologic properties and varying government regulations create barriers to its use. This narrative review is intended to facilitate buprenorphine use—including non-traditional initiation methods—by providers ranging from primary care providers to addiction specialists. This article briefly discusses the opioid epidemic and the diagnosis and treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). We then describe the basic and complex pharmacologic properties of buprenorphine, linking these properties to their clinical implications. We guide readers through the process of initiating buprenorphine in patients using full agonist opioids. As there is no single recommended approach for buprenorphine initiation, we discuss the details, advantages, and disadvantages of the standard, low-dose, bridging-strategy, and naloxone-facilitated initiation techniques. We consider the pharmacology of, and evidence base for, buprenorphine in the treatment of pain, in both OUD and non-OUD patients. Throughout, we address the use of buprenorphine in children and adolescent patients, and we finish with considerations related to the settings of pregnancy and breastfeeding.
      PubDate: 2023-11-08
       
  • Effect of High-Fat Food on the Pharmacokinetic Profile and Safety of
           SAF-189s, an ALK/ROS1 Inhibitor, in Healthy Chinese Adults

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      Abstract: Background and Objectives This study was conducted to investigate the effect of high-fat meals on the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety profile of SAF-189s, a novel ALK/ROS1 inhibitor. Methods This was a single-center, phase I, open-label, crossover study in which healthy adults (≥18 years) were randomized (1:1) to two sequences of SAF-189s administration (fasted-fed or fed-fasted) separated by a 14-day washout. After a ≥10-h overnight fast, volunteers received SAF-189s 160 mg orally in a fasted state or 30 min after a high-fat, high-calorie meal. Similarity of pharmacokinetic parameters was concluded if the 90% CI for the geometric mean ratio (GMR) between the fed and fasted group fell within the predefined range of 0.80–1.25. Results In total, 24 subjects were enrolled and 23 completed the study. SAF-189s maximum plasma concentration (Cmax; GMR: 109.1% [90% CI 103.1–115.4]) was comparable under fed (high-fat meal, n = 24) versus fasted (n = 23) conditions, with no effect on area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time 0 to t (AUC0-t; GMR: 105.1% [90% CI 100.3–110.2]) and AUC from time 0 to infinity (AUC0-∞; GMR: 105.5% [90% CI, 100.6–110.6]). In both groups, the median time to maximum plasma concentration (tmax) was around 6 h and mean plasma half-life (t½) was around 35 h. Fed administration led to a lower incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs; 29.2% vs 54.2%), including gastrointestinal disorders (4.2% vs 41.7%) and headache (0.0% vs 12.5%), versus fasted administration. Conclusions A high-fat meal had minimal effect on the pharmacokinetic profile of SAF-189s compared with a fasted state following a single dose of 160 mg. Administration with a high-fat meal led to a lower incidence of TEAEs.
      PubDate: 2023-11-07
       
  • Human Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of
           ASC42, a Novel Farnesoid X Receptor Agonist

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      Abstract: Background ASC42 is a non-steroidal farnesoid X receptor agonist currently in clinical development for chronic liver diseases, such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NAFLD/NASH) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Objective The objective of this study was to assess the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of ASC42 in healthy subjects. Methods We conducted the first-in-human study of ASC42 following single and multiple ascending doses (SAD/MAD) and food effect in healthy subjects. The SAD study included five cohorts receiving 5–200 mg ASC42 or placebo and one cohort that was given 15 mg ASC42 with a high-fat meal. The MAD study included three cohorts receiving 5–50 mg ASC42 or placebo once-daily (QD) for 14 days. Results A total of 65 healthy subjects were enrolled and one subject in the MAD study (cohort 8, ASC42 50 mg) withdrew from the study due to an unrelated serious adverse event (SAE) of atrial fibrillation. Pruritus was observed at the highest doses (200 mg cohort in SAD and 50 mg cohort in MAD). Most AEs were mild or moderate. No life-threatening or fatal AEs occurred. ASC42 showed a proportional increase in exposure and elimination half-life following both single and multiple dosing. There was a 21% and 37% decrease in area under the curve (AUC) and maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) when ASC42 was coadministered with food. The steady state was reached on day 4 with a mild accumulation (1.02–1.74-fold). ASC42 showed dose-dependent increases in fibroblast growth factor 19 and decreases in 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one. Cholesterol remained within normal limits during study. Conclusion ASC42 was well tolerated with a pharmacokinetic profile suitable for QD dosing, and demonstrated dose-dependent targets engagement without altering plasma cholesterol in healthy subjects. Trial registration number NCT04679129.
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
       
  • Simvastatin Preferentially Targets FLT3/ITD Acute Myeloid Leukemia by
           Inhibiting MEK/ERK and p38-MAPK Signaling Pathways

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      Abstract: Background The FLT3/ITD mutation exists in many acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and is related to the poor prognosis of patients. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the antitumor activity of simvastatin, a member of the statin class of drugs, in vitro and in vivo models of FLT3/ITD AML and to identify the potential mechanisms. Methods Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) staining kits were used to detect cell viability and apoptosis, respectively. Subsequently, Western blot and rescue experiment were applied to explore the potential molecular mechanism. In vivo anti-leukemia activity of simvastatin was evaluated in xenograft mouse models. Results In vitro experiments revealed that simvastatin inhibited AML progression in a dose- and time-dependent manner, while in vivo experiments showed that simvastatin significantly reduced tumor burden in FLT3/ITD xenograft mouse models. After simvastatin treatment of FLT3/ITD AML cells, intracellular Rap1 was downregulated and the phosphorylation levels of its downstream targets MEK, ERK and p38 were significantly inhibited. The rescue experiment showed that mevalonate, an intermediate product of the metabolic pathway of mevalonate, and its downstream geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) played a key role in this process. Finally, we demonstrate that simvastatin can induce apoptosis of primary AML cells, while having no effect on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from normal donors. Conclusions Simvastatin can selectively and effectively eradicate FLT3/ITD AML cells in vitro and in vivo, and its mechanism may be related to the disruption of the HMG-CoA reductase pathway and the downregulation of the MEK/ERK and p38-MAPK signaling pathways.
      PubDate: 2023-10-17
       
  • Analytical and Functional Similarity of the Biosimilar Candidate ABP 654
           to Ustekinumab Reference Product

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      Abstract: Background and Objective ABP 654 is a proposed biosimilar to ustekinumab reference product (RP), a human immunoglobulin isotype class G subclass 1 kappa monoclonal antibody that acts as an antagonist of interleukin (IL)-23 and IL-12. Ustekinumab RP is indicated for the treatment of some forms of plaque psoriasis, active psoriatic arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. ABP 654 and ustekinumab RP utilize different expression systems, and the purpose of this study was to assess analytical similarity between ABP 654 and ustekinumab RP sourced from the United States (US) and the European Union (EU). Methods The analytical testing plan included general properties, primary structure, higher-order structure, product-related substances and impurities, particles and aggregates, biological activity, and thermal stability and degradation studies. Results ABP 654 was found to be analytically similar to ustekinumab RP with respect to physicochemical and biological properties, including structure, function, purity, and potency. Conclusions Based on a comprehensive similarity assessment, ABP 654 was found to be similar to ustekinumab RP, notwithstanding minor physicochemical differences that are not expected to have a clinically meaningful effect on safety or efficacy.
      PubDate: 2023-10-13
       
  • Effect of Tucatinib on Cardiac Repolarization in Healthy Volunteers

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Tucatinib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) approved to treat metastatic HER2-positive breast and colorectal cancers. The International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Human Use (ICH) E14 guideline mandates that new drugs are assessed for potential effects on cardiac repolarization through electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluation in a QT/corrected QT (TQT) study. Methods We evaluated the effect of tucatinib on cardiac repolarization in healthy volunteers in a phase I, randomized, partially double-blind, placebo-and positive-controlled three-period crossover study. The primary endpoint was the placebo-corrected change from baseline in QT interval values, corrected for heart rate using Fridericia’s method (ΔΔQTcF). Results After achieving steady-state tucatinib exposures with 300 mg twice daily, the observed ΔΔQTcF ranged from −2.9 msec at 2 hours post-dose to 0 msec at 4 hours post-dose. The upper bound of the 90% confidence interval (CI) was below 5 ms at all post-dose timepoints. Assay sensitivity was confirmed as the lower bound of the 90% CI and was >5 ms following moxifloxacin dosing. As the mean ΔΔQTcF of tucatinib was predicted to be −  1.80 ms (90% CI −  3.90, 0.30) at clinically relevant tucatinib concentrations (511 ng/mL), an effect of tucatinib on QTcF exceeding 10 ms was excluded within observed ranges of tucatinib (up to ~1000 ng/mL). Tucatinib had no clinically relevant effect on heart rate or cardiac conduction. The safety profile of tucatinib was manageable after multiple doses. Conclusion Tucatinib had no clinically relevant effects on studied ECG parameters. This study constitutes a clearly negative TQT study per ICH E14 guidance. Clinical Trial Registration This trial (NCT03777761) was registered on 17 December 2018.
      PubDate: 2023-09-26
       
  • Pharmacovigilance Study of Infigratinib: A Safety Analysis of the FDA
           Adverse Event Reporting System

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      Abstract: Background Infigratinib is a fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-specifc tyrosine kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of patients with previously treated, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma. However, few studies have been conducted to evaluated the safety of infigratinib in the real world. In this study, we conducted a pharmacovigilance study to evaluate the adverse events (AEs) of infigratinib by using the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. Methods OpenVigil 2.1 was employed to extract the FAERS database. Descriptive analysis was used to describe the characteristics of infigratinib-associated AE reports. Disproportionality analysis was performed by calculating the proportional reporting ratio (PRR), reporting odds ratios (ROR), and Bayesian analysis confidence propagation neural network (BCPNN) to detect positive signals. Results Our findings revealed 149 AE reports, among which 36 significant signals were identified. These significant AE signals were mainly observed in gastrointestinal disorders (N = 26, ROR = 26.03, PRR = 8.44, information component [IC] = 3.08) and skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders (N = 21, ROR = 92.13, PRR = 40.41, IC = 5.34). Notably, dehydration and skin exfoliation were unexpected AEs, but had relatively high signal intensities (ROR = 29.75, PRR = 26.64, IC = 4.74; ROR = 50.61, PRR = 45.24, IC = 5.50, respectively) despite not being listed on the drug label. Furthermore, our analysis showed that infigratinib dose differed statistically between severe and non-severe reports (113.82 ± 16.13 mg vs 125 ± 0.00 mg, t = − 4.28; p < 0.001). However, there were no significant differences in sex, age, and types of AEs between the two groups (p  = 0.06, p  = 0.86, and p = 0.93, respectively). Conclusions These findings suggest that gastrointestinal and skin toxicities are the most common adverse reactions for infigratinib. It is important to recognize skin exfoliation and dehydration in clinical practice, as they are unexpected AEs. Additionally, our study indicates that infigratinib dose may correlate with an increased risk of AE severity, highlighting the need for dose adjustment of infigratinib when exposure to the drug is increased due to internal or external factors.
      PubDate: 2023-09-12
       
  • The Benefits and Risks of Switching from Fingolimod to Siponimod for the
           Treatment of Relapsing–Remitting and Secondary Progressive Multiple
           Sclerosis

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      Abstract: Abstract Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). Currently, MS treatment is limited to several Food and Drug Administration (FDA)- and European Medicines Agency (EMA)-approved medications that slow disease progression by immunomodulatory action. Fingolimod and siponimod have similar mechanisms of action, and consequently, their therapeutic effects may be comparable. However, while fingolimod is mainly used for relapsing–remitting MS (RRMS), siponimod, according to EMA label, is recommended for active secondary progressive MS (SPMS). Clinicians and scientists are analysing whether patients can switch from fingolimod to siponimod and identifying the advantages or disadvantages of such a switch from a therapeutic point of view. In this review, we aim to discuss the therapeutic effects of these two drugs and the advantages/disadvantages of switching treatment from fingolimod to siponimod in patients with the most common forms of MS, RRMS and SPMS.
      PubDate: 2023-08-28
       
 
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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 346)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 164)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 142)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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