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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 351)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 243)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 145)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 137)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Drug Discovery Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clinical Pharmacokinetics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.482
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 16  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0312-5963 - ISSN (Online) 1179-1926
Published by Adis Homepage  [21 journals]
  • Pharmacogenetic Testing or Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: A Quantitative
           Framework

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      Abstract: Background Pharmacogenetic profiling and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) have both been proposed to manage inter-individual variability (IIV) in drug exposure. However, determining the most effective approach for estimating exposure for a particular drug remains a challenge. This study aimed to quantitatively assess the circumstances in which pharmacogenetic profiling may outperform TDM in estimating drug exposure, under three sources of variability (IIV, inter-occasion variability [IOV], and residual unexplained variability [RUV]). Methods Pharmacokinetic models were selected from the literature corresponding to drugs for which pharmacogenetic profiling and TDM are both clinically considered approaches for dose individualization. The models were used to simulate relevant drug exposures (trough concentration or area under the curve [AUC]) under varying degrees of IIV, IOV, and RUV. Results Six drug cases were selected from the literature. Model-based simulations demonstrated that the percentage of patients for whom pharmacogenetic exposure prediction is superior to TDM differs for each drug case: tacrolimus (11.0%), tamoxifen (12.7%), efavirenz (49.2%), vincristine (49.6%), risperidone (48.1%), and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (100%). Generally, in the presence of higher unexplained IIV in combination with lower RUV and IOV, exposure was best estimated by TDM, whereas, under lower unexplained IIV in combination with higher IOV or RUV, pharmacogenetic profiling was preferred. Conclusions For the drugs with relatively low RUV and IOV (e.g., tamoxifen and tacrolimus), TDM estimated true exposure the best. Conversely, for drugs with similar or lower unexplained IIV (e.g., efavirenz or 5-FU, respectively) combined with relatively high RUV, pharmacogenetic profiling provided the most accurate estimate for most patients. However, genotype prevalence and the relative influence of genotypes on the PK, as well as the ability of TDM to accurately estimate AUC with a limited number of samples, had an impact. The results could be used to support clinical decision making when considering other factors, such as the probability for severe side effects.
      PubDate: 2024-06-06
       
  • Development of a Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Population Model
           for Diabetic Patients and its Application to Understand
           Disease-drug–drug Interactions

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      Abstract: Introduction The activity changes of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes, along with the complicated medication scenarios in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, result in the unanticipated pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and drug–drug interactions (DDIs). Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling has been a useful tool for assessing the influence of disease status on CYP enzymes and the resulting DDIs. This work aims to develop a novel diabetic PBPK population model to facilitate the prediction of PK and DDI in DM patients. Methods First, mathematical functions were constructed to describe the demographic and non-CYP physiological characteristics specific to DM, which were then incorporated into the PBPK model to quantify the net changes in CYP enzyme activities by comparing the PK of CYP probe drugs in DM versus non-DM subjects. Results The results show that the enzyme activity is reduced by 32.3% for CYP3A4/5, 39.1% for CYP2C19, and 27% for CYP2B6, while CYP2C9 activity is enhanced by 38% under DM condition. Finally, the diabetic PBPK model was developed through integrating the DM-specific CYP activities and other parameters and was further used to perform PK simulations under 12 drug combination scenarios, among which 3 combinations were predicted to result in significant PK changes in DM, which may cause DDI risks in DM patients. Conclusions The PBPK modeling applied herein provides a quantitative tool to assess the impact of disease factors on relevant enzyme pathways and potential disease-drug–drug-interactions (DDDIs), which may be useful for dosing regimen optimization and minimizing the DDI risks associated with the treatment of DM. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-05-31
       
  • Application of Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling to
           Characterize the Effects of Age and Obesity on the Disposition of
           Levetiracetam in the Pediatric Population

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      Abstract: Background Levetiracetam is an antiseizure medication used for several seizure types in adults and children aged 1 month and older; however, due to a lack of data, pharmacokinetic (PK) variability of levetiracetam is not adequately characterized in certain populations, particularly neonates, children younger than 2 years of age, and children older than 2 years of age with obesity. Objective This study aimed to address the gap by leveraging PK data from two prospective standard-of-care pediatric trials (n = 88) covering an age range from 1 month to 19 years, including those with obesity (64%), and applying a physiologically based PK (PBPK) modeling framework. Methods A published PBPK model of levetiracetam for children aged 2 years and older was extended to pediatric patients younger than 2 years of age and patients older than 2 years of age with obesity by accounting for the obesity and age-related changes in PK using PK-Sim® software. The prospective pediatric data, along with the literature data for neonates and children younger than 2 years of age, were used to evaluate the extended PBPK models. Results Overall, 82.4% of data fell within the 90% interval of model-predicted concentrations, with an average fold error within twofold of the accepted criteria. PBPK modeling revealed that children with obesity had lower weight-normalized clearances (0.053 L/h/kg) on average than children without obesity (0.063 L/h/kg). The effect of maturation was well-characterized, resulting in comparable PBPK-simulated, weight-normalized clearances for neonates and children younger than 2 years of age reported from the literature. Conclusions PBPK modeling simulations revealed that the current US FDA-labeled pediatric dosing regimen listed in the prescribing information can produce the required exposure of levetiracetam in these target populations with dose adjustments for children with obesity aged 4 years to younger than 16 years.
      PubDate: 2024-05-30
       
  • Together or Apart' Revealing the Impact of Dietary Interventions on
           Bioavailability of Quinolones: A Systematic Review with Meta-analyses

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Managing drug-food interactions is essential for optimizing the effectiveness and safety profile of quinolones. Following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed the influence of dietary interventions on the bioavailability of 22 quinolones. Methods All studies describing or investigating the impact of food, beverages, antacids, and mineral supplements on pharmacokinetic parameters or pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic indices of orally taken quinolones were considered for inclusion. We excluded reviews, in vitro and in silico studies, studies performed on animals, and those involving alcohol. We performed the search in Medline (via PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library, covering reports from database inception to December 2022. We used the following tools to assess the risk of bias: version 2 of the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for parallel trials, the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for cross-over studies, and the NIH quality assessment tool for before-after studies. We performed quantitative analyses for each quinolone if two or more food-effect studies with specified and comparable study designs were available. If meta-analyses were not applicable, we qualitatively summarized the results. Results We included 109 studies from 101 reports. Meta-analyses were conducted for 12 antibiotics and qualitative synthesis was employed for the remaining drugs. Of the studies, 60.5% were open-label, cross-over, as recommended by FDA. We judged 46% of studies as having a high risk of bias and only 4% of having a low risk of bias. Among 19 quinolones with available food impact data, 14 (74%) had potentially clinically important interactions. For nalidixic acid, oxolinic acid, and tosufloxacin, food exerted a high positive impact on bioavailability (AUC or Cmax increased by > 45%), whereas, for all the remaining drugs, postprandial absorption was lower. The most significant negative influence of food (AUC or Cmax decreased by > 40%) occurred for delafloxacin capsules and norfloxacin, whereas the moderate influence (AUC or Cmax decreased by 30–40%) occurred for nemonoxacin and rufloxacin. All 14 analysed quinolones showed a substantial reduction in bioavailability when co-administered with antacids and mineral supplements, except for calcium preparations. The impact of beverages was evaluated for 10 quinolones, with 50% experiencing significantly reduced absorption in the presence of milk (the highest negative impact for ciprofloxacin). Moreover, both ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin demonstrated compromised bioavailability when consumed with orange juice, particularly calcium-fortified. Discussion Several factors may influence interactions, including the physicochemical characteristics of quinolones, the type of intervention, drug formulation, and the patient’s health status. We assessed the quality of evidence as low due to the poor actuality of included studies, their methodological diversity, and uneven data availability for individual drugs. Graphical
      PubDate: 2024-05-28
       
  • Drugs in Human Milk Part 1: Practical and Analytical Considerations in
           Measuring Drugs and Metabolites in Human Milk

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      Abstract: Abstract Human milk is a remarkable biofluid that provides essential nutrients and immune protection to newborns. Breastfeeding women consuming medications could pass the drug through their milk to neonates. Drugs can be transferred to human milk by passive diffusion or active transport. The physicochemical properties of the drug largely impact the extent of drug transfer into human milk. A comprehensive understanding of the physiology of human milk formation, composition of milk, mechanisms of drug transfer, and factors influencing drug transfer into human milk is critical for appropriate selection and use of medications in lactating women. Quantification of drugs in the milk is essential for assessing the safety of pharmacotherapy during lactation. This can be achieved by developing specific, sensitive, and reproducible analytical methods using techniques such as liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. The present review briefly discusses the physiology of human milk formation, composition of human milk, mechanisms of drug transfer into human milk, and factors influencing transfer of drugs from blood to milk. We further expand upon and critically evaluate the existing analytical approaches/assays used for the quantification of drugs in human milk.
      PubDate: 2024-05-15
       
  • Comment on: “CYP3A4*22 Genotype‑Guided Dosing of Kinase Inhibitors in
           Cancer Patients”

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      PubDate: 2024-05-11
       
  • The Effect of Various Degrees of Renal or Hepatic Impairment on the
           Pharmacokinetic Properties of Once-Weekly Insulin Icodec

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Icodec is a once-weekly insulin being developed to provide basal insulin coverage in diabetes mellitus. This study evaluated the effects of renal or hepatic impairment on icodec pharmacokinetics. Methods Two open-label, parallel-group, single-dose (1.5 U/kg subcutaneously) trials were conducted. In a renal impairment trial, 58 individuals were allocated to normal renal function (measured glomerular filtration rate ≥ 90 mL/min), mild (60 to < 90 mL/min), moderate (30 to < 60 mL/min) or severe (< 30 mL/min) renal impairment or end-stage renal disease. In a hepatic impairment trial, 25 individuals were allocated to normal hepatic function or mild (Child-Pugh Classification grade A), moderate (grade B) or severe (grade C) hepatic impairment. Blood was sampled frequently for a pharmacokinetic analysis until 35 days post-dose. Results The shape of the icodec pharmacokinetic profile was not affected by renal or hepatic impairment. Total icodec exposure was greater for mild (estimated ratio [95% confidence interval]: 1.12 [1.01; 1.24]), moderate (1.24 [1.12; 1.37]) and severe (1.28 [1.16; 1.42]) renal impairment, and for end-stage renal disease (1.14 [1.03; 1.28]), compared with normal renal function. It was also greater for mild (1.13 [1.00; 1.28]) and moderate (1.15 [1.02; 1.29]) hepatic impairment versus normal hepatic function. There was no statistically significant difference between severe hepatic impairment and normal hepatic function. Serum albumin levels (range 2.7–5.1 g/dL) did not statistically significantly influence icodec exposure. Conclusions The clinical relevance of the slightly higher icodec exposure with renal or hepatic impairment is limited as icodec should be dosed according to individual need. No specific icodec dose adjustment is required in renal or hepatic impairment. Clinical Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT03723785 and NCT04597697.
      PubDate: 2024-05-09
       
  • Population Pharmacokinetics of Intravenous Lidocaine in Adults: A
           Systematic Review

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      Abstract: Background The establishment of optimal dosing regimens for intravenous (IV) lidocaine in the perioperative setting, aiming to balance effective pain relief with minimisation of potential side effects, is a topic of ongoing debate. This discussion stems from the significant variability in lidocaine’s pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters and its relatively narrow safety margin. Population pharmacokinetic (popPK) modelling has emerged as a valuable tool for understanding the factors contributing to this observed variability in drug kinetics. Objectives This systematic review compiles the existing knowledge on lidocaine’s PK properties and published popPK models, with a focus on significant covariates. Methods A systematic search on Cochrane CENTRAL, Medline, and EMBASE was performed from inception to June 2023. Original clinical studies that administered IV lidocaine to adults and performed PK analyses using a nonlinear mixed effects modelling approach were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed by compliance with the Clinical Pharmacokinetics (ClinPK) statement checklist. Results Seven studies were included, which involved a diverse adult population, including both volunteers and patients with various comorbidities. Lidocaine PK was primarily characterised by a two- or three-compartment model. The volume of distribution at steady state ranged from 66 to 194 L, and the total clearance ranged from 22 to 49 L/h. Despite adjusting for significant covariates like heart failure status, alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, duration of lidocaine infusion, and body weight, each study revealed substantial variability in PK parameters. The potential impact of hepatic or renal function biomarkers on these PK parameters calls for further investigation. Incomplete reporting of key aspects of developed models may hinder the models’ reliability and clinical application. Conclusion The findings emphasise the importance of tailoring drug dosage to ensure the safe and effective use of intravenous lidocaine. Optimal design methodologies may be incorporated for a more efficient identification of important covariates. Utilising contemporary model evaluation methods like visual predictive checks and bootstrapping would enhance the robustness of popPK models and the reliability of their predictions. This comprehensive review advances our understanding of lidocaine's pharmacokinetics and lays the groundwork for further research in this critical area of perioperative pain management. Review protocol registered on 25 August 2023 in PROSPERO (CRD42023441113). This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme, the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (FRGS/1/2020/SKK01/UM/02/2).
      PubDate: 2024-05-04
       
  • Correction: Relative Bioavailability of Dolutegravir (DTG) and
           Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide Fumarate (F/TAF) Administered as
           Paediatric Tablet Formulations in Healthy Volunteers

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      PubDate: 2024-05-02
       
  • Predictions of Bedaquiline Central Nervous System Exposure in Patients
           with Tuberculosis Meningitis Using Physiologically based Pharmacokinetic
           Modeling

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      Abstract: Background and Objective The use of bedaquiline as a treatment option for drug-resistant tuberculosis meningitis (TBM) is of interest to address the increased prevalence of resistance to first-line antibiotics. To this end, we describe a whole-body physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for bedaquiline to predict central nervous system (CNS) exposure. Methods A whole-body PBPK model was developed for bedaquiline and its metabolite, M2. The model included compartments for brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Model predictions were evaluated by comparison to plasma PK time profiles following different dosing regimens and sparse CSF concentrations data from patients. Simulations were then conducted to compare CNS and lung exposures to plasma exposure at clinically relevant dosing schedules. Results The model appropriately described the observed plasma and CSF bedaquiline and M2 concentrations from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). The model predicted a high impact of tissue binding on target site drug concentrations in CNS. Predicted unbound exposures within brain interstitial exposures were comparable with unbound vascular plasma and unbound lung exposures. However, unbound brain intracellular exposures were predicted to be 7% of unbound vascular plasma and unbound lung intracellular exposures. Conclusions The whole-body PBPK model for bedaquiline and M2 predicted unbound concentrations in brain to be significantly lower than the unbound concentrations in the lung at clinically relevant doses. Our findings suggest that bedaquiline may result in relatively inferior efficacy against drug-resistant TBM when compared with efficacy against drug-resistant pulmonary TB.
      PubDate: 2024-05-01
       
  • Personalized Antifungal Therapy Through Model-Informed Precision Dosing of
           Posaconazole

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Posaconazole is a pharmacotherapeutic pillar for prophylaxis and treatment of invasive fungal diseases. Dose individualization is of utmost importance as achieving adequate antifungal exposure is associated with improved outcome. This study aimed to select and evaluate a model-informed precision dosing strategy for posaconazole. Methods Available population pharmacokinetic models for posaconazole administered as a solid oral tablet were extracted from the literature and evaluated using data from a previously published prospective study combined with data collected during routine clinical practice. External evaluation and selection of the most accurate and precise model was based on graphical goodness-of-fit and predictive performance. Measures for bias and imprecision included mean percentage error (MPE) and normalized relative root mean squared error (NRMSE), respectively. Subsequently, the best-performing model was evaluated for its a posteriori fit-for-purpose and its suitability in a limited sampling strategy. Results Seven posaconazole models were evaluated using 764 posaconazole plasma concentrations from 143 patients. Multiple models showed adequate predictive performance illustrated by acceptable goodness-of-fit and MPE and NRMSE below ± 10% and ± 25%, respectively. In the fit-for-purpose analysis, the selected model showed adequate a posteriori predictive performance. Bias and imprecision were lowest in the presence of two prior measurements. Additionally, this model showed to be useful in a limited sampling strategy as it adequately predicted total posaconazole exposure from one (non-)trough concentration. Conclusion We validated an MIPD strategy for posaconazole for its fit-for-purpose. Thereby, this study is an important first step towards MIPD-supported posaconazole dosage optimization with the goal to improve antifungal treatment in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2024-05-01
       
  • Development of a Weight-Band Dosing Approach for Vosoritide in Children
           with Achondroplasia Using a Population Pharmacokinetic Model

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Vosoritide is a recently approved therapy for achondroplasia, the most common form of disproportionate short stature, that has been shown to be well tolerated and effective in increasing linear growth. This study aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model to characterize pharmacokinetics (PK) of vosoritide and establish a weight-band dosing regimen. Methods A PPK model was developed using data from five clinical trials in children with achondroplasia (aged 0.95−15 years) who received daily per-kg doses of vosoritide. The model was used to simulate expected exposures in children with a refined weight-band dosing regimen. Simulated exposure was compared with the observed exposure from the pivotal clinical trial to evaluate appropriateness of the weight-band dosing regimen. Results A one-compartment model with a change-point first-order absorption and first-order elimination accurately described PK of vosoritide in children with achondroplasia. Body weight was found to be a predictor of vosoritide’s clearance and volume of distribution. Additionally, it was observed that dosing solution concentration and duration of treatment influenced bioavailability. The weight-band dosing regimen resulted in simulated exposures that were within the range demonstrated to be well tolerated and effective in the pivotal clinical trial and showed improved consistency in drug exposure across the achondroplasia population. Conclusions The weight-band dosing regimen reduced the number of recommended dose levels by body weight and is expected to simplify dosing for children with achondroplasia and their caregivers. Clinical Trial Registration NCT02055157, NCT02724228, NCT03197766, NCT03424018, and NCT03583697.
      PubDate: 2024-04-23
       
  • Time-Varying Clearance in Milrinone Pharmacokinetics from Premature
           Neonates to Adolescents

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      Abstract: Background and Objectives Milrinone is an inotrope and vasodilator used for prophylaxis or treatment of low cardiac output syndrome after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). It is renally eliminated and has an acceptable therapeutic range of 100–300 μg/L, but weight-based dosing alone is associated with poor target attainment. We aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic model for milrinone from premature neonates to adolescents, and to evaluate how age, renal function and recovery from CPB may impact dose selection. Methods Fifty paediatric patients (aged 4 days to 16 years) were studied after undergoing cardiac surgery supported by CPB. Data from 29 premature neonates (23–28 weeks’ postmenstrual age) treated for prophylaxis of low systemic blood flow were available for a pooled pharmacokinetic analysis. Population parameters were estimated using non-linear mixed effects modelling (NONMEM 7.5.1). Results There were 369 milrinone measurements available for analysis. A one-compartment model with zero-order input and first-order elimination was used to describe milrinone disposition. Population parameters were clearance 17.8 L/70 kg [95% CI 15.8–19.9] and volume 20.4 L/h/70 kg [95% CI 17.8–22.1]. Covariates included size, postmenstrual age and renal function for clearance, and size and postnatal age for volume. Milrinone clearance is reduced by 39.5% [95% CI 24.0–53.7] immediately after bypass, and recovers to baseline clearance with a half-time of 12.0 h [95% CI 9.7–15.2]. Milrinone volume was 2.07 [95% CI 1.87–2.27] times greater at birth than the population standard and decreased over the first days of life with a half-time of 0.977 days [95% CI 0.833–1.12]. Conclusion Milrinone is predominately renally eliminated and so renal function is an important covariate describing variability in clearance. Increasing clearance over time likely reflects increasing cardiac output and renal perfusion due to milrinone and return to baseline following CPB.
      PubDate: 2024-04-13
       
  • Clinical Pharmacology of the Antibody–Drug Conjugate Enfortumab Vedotin
           in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma and Other Malignant Solid Tumors

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      Abstract: Abstract Enfortumab vedotin is an antibody–drug conjugate comprised of a human monoclonal antibody directed to Nectin-4 and monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE), a microtubule-disrupting agent. The objectives of this review are to summarize the clinical pharmacology of enfortumab vedotin monotherapy and demonstrate that the appropriate dose has been selected for clinical use. Pharmacokinetics (PK) of enfortumab vedotin (antibody–drug conjugate and total antibody) and free MMAE were evaluated in five clinical trials of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (n = 748). Intravenous enfortumab vedotin 0.5–1.25 mg/kg on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle showed linear, dose-proportional PK. No significant differences in exposure or safety of enfortumab vedotin and free MMAE were observed in mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment versus normal renal function. Patients with mildly impaired versus normal hepatic function had a 37% increase in area under the concentration-time curve (0–28 days), a 31% increase in maximum concentration of free MMAE, and a similar adverse event profile. No clinically significant PK differences were observed based on race/ethnicity with weight-based dosing, and no clinically meaningful QT prolongation was observed. Concomitant use with dual P-glycoprotein and strong cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors may increase MMAE exposure and the risk of adverse events. Approximately 3% of patients developed antitherapeutic antibodies against enfortumab vedotin 1.25 mg/kg. These findings support enfortumab vedotin 1.25 mg/kg monotherapy on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. No dose adjustments are required for patients with renal impairment or mild hepatic impairment, or by race/ethnicity.
      PubDate: 2024-04-12
       
  • Pharmacokinetics of Monoclonal Antibodies Throughout Pregnancy: A
           Systematic Literature Review

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Although little information is available on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) during pregnancy, multiple mAbs are being used during pregnancy for various indications. The aim of this systematic literature review was to characterize the PK of mAbs throughout pregnancy. Methods A systematic literature search was carried out in PubMed and Embase on 21 April 2023. Articles were included when information on PK or exposure parameters of mAbs in pregnant women was available. Results A total of 42 relevant articles were included, of which eight discussed adalimumab, three certolizumab pegol, five eculizumab, one golimumab, 12 infliximab (IFX), two natalizumab, one canakinumab, one omalizumab, five tocilizumab, eight ustekinumab, and five vedolizumab. One of the 42 studies reported information on clearance (CL) and volume of distribution (VD) of IFX; all other studies only reported on serum concentrations in the pre-pregnancy state, different trimesters, and the postpartum period. For all of the assessed mAbs except IFX, serum concentrations were similar to concentrations in the pre-pregnancy state or modestly decreased. In contrast, IFX trough concentrations generally increased in the second and third trimesters in comparison to the non-pregnant state. Conclusion Available information suggests that the anatomical and physiological changes throughout pregnancy may have meaningful effects on the PK of mAbs. For most mAbs (not IFX), modestly higher dosing (per mg) maybe needed during pregnancy to sustain a similar serum exposure compared to pre-pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2024-04-07
       
  • Tacrolimus Variability and Clinical Outcomes in the Early Post-lung
           

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      Abstract: Background and Objective High variability in tacrolimus pharmacokinetics directly after lung transplantation (LuTx) may increase the risk for acute kidney injury (AKI) and transplant rejection. The primary objective was to compare pharmacokinetic variability in patients receiving tacrolimus orally versus intravenously early after LuTx. Methods Pharmacokinetic and clinical data from 522 LuTx patients transplanted between 2010 and 2020 in two university hospitals were collected to compare orally administered tacrolimus to intravenous tacrolimus early post-transplantation. Tacrolimus blood concentration variability, measured as intrapatient variability (IPV%) and  percentage of time within the therapeutic range (TTR%), was analyzed within the first 14 days after LuTx. Secondary outcomes were AKI, acute rejection, length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), and mortality in the ICU and during hospital admission. Results We included 224 patients in the oral and 298 in the intravenous group. The mean adjusted IPV% was 10.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.9–14.6; p < 0.001) higher in the oral group (27.2%) than the intravenous group (16.4%). The mean TTR% was 7.3% (95% CI − 11.3 to − 3.4; p < 0.001) lower in the oral group (39.6%) than in the intravenous group (46.9%). The incidence of AKI was 46.0% for oral and 42.6% for intravenous administration (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.2; 95% CI 0.8–1.8; p = 0.451). The frequencies of clinically diagnosed acute rejection in the oral and intravenous groups were nonsignificant (24.6% vs 17.8%; OR 1.5 [95% CI 1.0–2.3; p = 0.059]). ICU and hospital mortality rate and ICU length of stay were similar. Conclusions Administering tacrolimus orally directly after LuTx leads to a higher variability in blood concentrations compared to intravenous administration. There was no difference in the occurrence of AKI or transplant rejection.
      PubDate: 2024-04-06
       
  • Population Pharmacokinetics of Sacituzumab Govitecan in Patients with
           Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Other Solid Tumors

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Sacituzumab govitecan (SG) is an antibody–drug conjugate composed of an antibody with affinity for Trop-2 coupled to SN-38 via hydrolyzable linker. SG is approved for patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) who have received two or more prior chemotherapies (at least one in a metastatic setting) and for patients with pretreated hormone receptor positive (HR+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2–) metastatic breast cancer. Methods In these analyses, the pharmacokinetics of SG, free SN-38, and total antibody (tAB) were characterized using data from 529 patients with mTNBC or other solid tumors across two large clinical trials (NCT01631552; ASCENT, NCT02574455). Three population pharmacokinetic models were constructed using non-linear mixed-effects modeling; clinically relevant covariates were evaluated to assess their impact on exposure. Models for SG and tAB were developed independently whereas free SN-38 was sequentially generated via a first-order release process from SG. Results Pharmacokinetics of the three analytes were each described by a two-compartment model with estimated body weight-based scaling exponents for clearance and volume. Typical parameter estimates for clearance and steady-state volume of distribution were 0.133 L/h and 3.68 L for SG and 0.0164 L/h and 4.26 L for tAB, respectively. Mild-to-moderate renal impairment, mild hepatic impairment, age, sex, baseline albumin level, tumor type, UGT1A1 genotype, or Trop-2 expression did not have a clinically relevant impact on exposure for any of the three analytes. Conclusions These analyses support the approved SG dosing regimen of 10 mg/kg as intravenous infusion on days 1 and 8 of 21-day cycles and did not identify a need for dose adjustment based on evaluated covariates or disease characteristics.
      PubDate: 2024-04-05
       
  • Comment on “Population Pharmacokinetics of Total and Unbound
           Isavuconazole in Critically Ill Patients: Implications for Adaptive Dosing
           Strategies” and “High Variability in Isavuconazole Unbound Fraction in
           Clinical Practice: A Call to Reconsider Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic
           Targets and Breakpoints”

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      PubDate: 2024-04-04
       
  • Relative Bioavailability of Dolutegravir (DTG) and Emtricitabine/Tenofovir
           Alafenamide Fumarate (F/TAF) Administered as Paediatric Tablet
           Formulations in Healthy Volunteers

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      Abstract: Background and objective Within the UNIVERSAL project (RIA2019PD-2882) we aim to develop a paediatric dolutegravir (DTG)/emtricitabine (FTC or F)/tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) fixed-dose combination. To inform dosing of this study, we undertook a relative bioavailability (RBA) study in healthy volunteers to investigate a potential pharmacokinetic effect when paediatric formulations of DTG and F/TAF are taken together. Methods Participants received all of the following treatments as paediatric formulations in randomised order: a single dose of 180/22.5 mg F/TAF; a single dose of 30 mg DTG; a single dose of 180/22.5 mg F/TAF plus 30 mg DTG. Blood concentrations of DTG, FTC, TAF, and tenofovir (TFV) were measured over 48 h post-dose. If the 90% confidence intervals (CIs) of the geometric least squares mean (GLSM) ratios of area under the curve (AUC) and maximum concentration (Cmax) of each compound were within 0.70–1.43, we considered this as no clinically relevant PK interaction. Results A total of 15 healthy volunteers were included. We did not observe a clinically relevant PK interaction between the paediatric DTG and F/TAF formulations for the compounds DTG, FTC, and TFV. For TAF, the lower boundaries of the 90% CIs of the GLSM ratios of the AUC0–∞ and Cmax fell outside our acceptance criteria of 0.70–1.43. Conclusions Although TAF AUC and Cmax 90% CIs fell outside the pre-defined criteria (0.62–1.11 and 0.65–1.01, respectively), no consistent effect on TAF PK was observed, likely due to high inter-subject variability. Moreover, there are several reasons to rely on TFV exposure as being more clinically relevant than TAF exposure. Therefore, we found no clinically relevant interactions in this study.
      PubDate: 2024-04-04
       
  • Performance of Eight Infliximab Population Pharmacokinetic Models in a
           Cohort of Dutch Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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      Abstract: Background and Objective Efficacy of infliximab in children with inflammatory bowel disease can be enhanced when serum concentrations are measured and further dosing is adjusted to achieve and maintain a target concentration. Use of a population pharmacokinetic model may help to predict an individual’s infliximab dose requirement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive performance of available infliximab population pharmacokinetic models in an independent cohort of Dutch children with inflammatory bowel disease. Methods In this retrospective study, we used data of 70 children with inflammatory bowel disease (443 infliximab concentrations) to evaluate eight models that focused on infliximab pharmacokinetic models in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease, preferably aged ≤ 18 years. Predictive performance was evaluated with prior predictions (based solely on patient-specific covariates) and posterior predictions (based on covariates and infliximab trough concentrations). Model accuracy and precision were calculated with relative bias and relative root mean square error and we determined the classification accuracy at the trough concentration target of ≥ 5 mg/L. Results The population pharmacokinetic model by Fasanmade was identified to be most appropriate for the total dataset (relative bias before/after therapeutic drug monitoring: −20.7%/11.2% and relative root mean square error before/after therapeutic drug monitoring: 84.1%/51.6%), although differences between models were small and several were deemed suitable for clinical use. For the Fasanmade model, sensitivity and specificity for maximum posterior predictions for the next infliximab trough concentration to be ≥ 5 mg/L were respectively 83.5% and 80% with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.870. Conclusions In our paediatric cohort, various models provided acceptable predictive performance, with the Fasanmade model deemed most suitable for clinical use. Model-informed precision dosing can therefore be expected to help to maintain infliximab trough concentrations in the target range.
      PubDate: 2024-03-15
       
 
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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 351)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 243)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 145)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 137)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Drug Discovery Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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