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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 332)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 254)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 146)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 83)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.349
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 14  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-7241 - ISSN (Online) 0920-3206
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • METTL3: a Potential New Target in the Treatment Strategy of
           Atherosclerosis'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-12-05
       
  • Left Bundle Branch Area Pacing versus Biventricular Pacing for Cardiac
           Resynchronization Therapy on Morbidity and Mortality

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Background Left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP) has emerged as an alternative to biventricular pacing (BVP) for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We aimed to compare the morbidity and mortality associated with LBBAP versus BVP in patients undergoing CRT implantation. Methods Consecutive patients who received CRT from two high-volume implantation centers were retrospectively recruited. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death and heart failure hospitalization, and the secondary endpoint was all-cause death. Results A total of 491 patients receiving CRT (154 via LBBAP and 337 via BVP) were included, with a median follow-up of 31 months. The primary endpoint was reached by 21 (13.6%) patients in the LBBAP group, as compared with 74 (22.0%) patients in the BVP group [hazard ratio (HR) 0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.43–1.14, P = 0.15]. There were 10 (6.5%) deaths in the LBBAP group, as compared with 31 (9.2%) in the BVP group (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.44–1.86, P = 0.79). No significant difference was observed in the risk of either the primary or secondary endpoint between LBBAP and BVP after multivariate Cox regression (HR 0.74, 95% CI 0.45–1.23, P = 0.24, and HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.36–1.67, P = 0.51, respectively) or propensity score matching (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.41–1.29, P = 0.28, and HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.29–1.65, P = 0.40, respectively). Conclusion LBBAP was associated with a comparable effect on morbidity and mortality relative to BVP in patients with indications for CRT.
      PubDate: 2022-12-02
       
  • Correction to: Association of Antihypertensive Agents with the Risk of
           In-Hospital Death in Patients with Covid-19

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10557-021-07164-4
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Correction to: A Non-inferiority, Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing
           Paclitaxel-Coated Balloon Versus New-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents on
           Angiographic Outcomes for Coronary De Novo Lesions

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10557-021-07183-1
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Correction to: The Role of Combined SGLT1/SGLT2 Inhibition in Reducing the
           Incidence of Stroke and Myocardial Infarction in Patients with Type 2
           Diabetes Mellitus

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Dual Anti-platelet Therapy After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation:
           Double Trouble'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Reassessment of Confidence in a Network Meta-analysis of Antidysrhythmic
           Drugs for Atrial Fibrillation Cardioversion

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Pharmacologic Cardioversion of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation in the
           Emergency Department in the Novel Anticoagulants’ Era

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Is Aspirin Loading Before Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for
           Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Necessary'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Correction to: Real-World Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Following Polymer-Free
           Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Implantations to Treat Coronary Artery Disease

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Efficacy of Statin Therapy in Patients with Hospital Admission for
           COVID-19

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      Abstract: Purpose COVID-19 is characterized by dysfunctional immune responses and metabolic derangements, which in some, lead to multi-organ failure and death. Statins are foundational lipid-lowering therapeutics for cardiovascular disease and also possess beneficial immune-modulating properties. Because of these immune-modulating properties, some have suggested their use in COVID-19. We sought to investigate the association between statin use and mortality in patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Methods Five thousand three hundred seventy-five COVID-19 patients admitted to Mount Sinai Health System hospitals in New York between February 27, 2020, and December 3, 2020, were included in this analysis. Statin use was classified as either non-user, low-to-moderate-intensity user, or high-intensity user. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate in-hospital mortality rate. Considered covariates were age, sex, race, and comorbidities. Results Compared to non-statin users, both low-to-moderate-intensity (adjusted hazard ratio; aHR 0.62, 95% confidential intervals; CI 0.51–0.76) and high-intensity statin users (aHR 0.53, 95% CI 0.43–0.65) had a reduced risk of death. Subgroup analysis of 723 coronary artery disease patients showed decreased mortality among high-intensity statin users compared to non-users (aHR 0.51, 95% CI 0.36–0.71). Conclusions Statin use in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 was associated with a reduced in-hospital mortality. The protective effect of statin was greater in those with coronary artery disease. These data support continued use of statin therapy in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Clinical trials are needed to prospectively determine if statin use is effective in lowering the mortality in COVID-19 and other viral infections.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • The Prognostic Impact of Anti-thrombotic Treatment Strategies After
           Biological Aortic Valve Replacement

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      Abstract: Purpose Optimal antithrombotic therapy in patients who underwent surgical biological aortic valve replacement (AVR) represents an issue of ongoing discussion. Additionally, the prognostic impact of anti-thrombotic treatment strategies after biological AVR and real-life data on anticoagulation strategies (AC) of patients presenting with short-term postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) has not clearly been investigated so far. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the impact of therapeutic AC after biological AVR on patient outcome and whether the presence of POAF affects decision making on anti-thrombotic management. Methods Within this prospective observational study, 200 individuals that underwent biological AVR surgery were enrolled. Participants were followed prospectively until the primary study endpoint was reached. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to elucidate the effect of therapeutic AC on outcome. Results Overall, 106 individuals received therapeutic AC at the time of discharge. The fraction of patients presenting with POAF was balanced between individuals receiving AC and the non-AC subgroup (p = 0.617). After a median follow-up time of 1418 days, 31 (15.5%) individuals died, referring to 15 (13.9%) POAF-free patients and 16 (17.4%) with POAF. We observed a strong inverse association of therapeutic AC and cardiovascular mortality, which remained stable after adjustment for potential confounders showing a HR of 0.437 (95% CI 0.202–0.943; p = 0.035), while bleeding risk was comparable (p = 0.680). Conclusion Within this investigation, therapeutic AC showed a strong and independent inverse association with long-term mortality in patients that underwent biological AVR. Although POAF is associated with thromboembolic adverse events, the development of this arrhythmia did not affect decision-making of the anti-thrombotic management.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Influence of Moxonidine and Bisoprolol on Morphofunctional Condition of
           Arterial Wall and Telomerase Activity in Postmenopausal Women with
           Arterial Hypertension and Osteopenia. The Results from a Moscow Randomized
           Study

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      Abstract: Purpose To compare the effect of 12 months of treatment with moxonidine or bisoprolol on telomerase activity (TA) and parameters characterizing the arterial wall state in postmenopausal women with arterial hypertension (AH) and osteopenia. Methods An open-label randomized study with 114 postmenopausal women with hypertension and osteopenia; pulse wave velocity (PWV), intima-media thickness (IMT), and TA were analyzed initially and after 12 months of therapy with moxonidine (n = 57) or bisoprolol (n = 57). Results Both medications effectively lowered blood pressure (BP) in both groups. After 12 months, the moxonidine group showed a significant increase in TA by 45.5% (from 0.87 to 1.15; p < 0.001), in contrast to the bisoprolol group, where TA decreased by 14.1% (from 0.89 to 0.74; p = 0.001). Within 12 months, in the moxonidine group, PWV decreased by 1.9% (from 10.35 ± 2.56 to 10.05 ± 2.29 m/s; p = 0.039), and in the bisoprolol group it increased by 5.8% (from 10.36 ± 2.47 to 11.26 ± 2.60 m/s; p < 0.001). In the moxonidine group, IMT increased by 3.5% on the right and 1.4% on the left, in the bisoprolol group – by 5.7% on the right and 4.2% on the left. Conclusion A 12-month treatment with moxonidine but not with bisoprolol in postmenopausal women with AH and osteoporosis was associated with a decrease of arterial stiffness seen as statistically significantly reduced PVW and with increased TA.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Switch to SGLT2 Inhibitors and Improved Endothelial Function in Diabetic
           Patients with Chronic Heart Failure

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      Abstract: Purpose The use of sodium-glucose-cotransporter-type-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) was associated in previous studies with an improved vascular function in non-human experimental models. We therefore sought to evaluate possible changes in endothelial function assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), switching from other oral hypoglycemic agents to SGLT2i in an observational study. Methods Twenty-two consecutive outpatients with CHF and T2DM were enrolled after switching to SGLT2i therapy, and compared with 23 consecutive controls from the same registry comparable for principal clinical characteristics. In all patients, endothelial function was assessed by FMD at baseline and after 3 months of follow-up. Results Three months of therapy with SGLT2i were associated with a statistically significant improvement in endothelial function (19.0 ± 5.7% vs 8.5 ± 4.1%, p < 0.0001); baseline levels of FMD were comparable between groups (p n.s.). Therapy with SGLT2i was significantly associated to improved FMD levels even at multivariable stepwise regression analysis (p < 0.001). Conclusions Switch to SGLT2i in patients with CHF and T2DM was associated in an observational non-randomized study with an improved endothelial function.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Challenges in Optimizing Lipid Management in Women

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      Abstract: Abstract While there are physiologic differences in lipid metabolism in men and women, pharmacologic therapy is very effective in both with similar management strategies recommended in the current guidelines for the management of dyslipidemia. Despite similar guidelines for treatment, studies have shown that women have worse control of dyslipidemia than their male counterparts. This may stem from multiple contributing factors including underestimation of cardiovascular disease risk in women, decreased prescription and utilization of lipid-lowering therapies, decreased medication adherence, and higher risk of statin intolerance, all of which may contribute to lower attainment of lipid targets. Furthermore, heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in women, with heart disease noted an average of 7–10 years later than in men. This has historically led to the misperception that women are protected from heart disease and can be treated less aggressively. In fact, traditional risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease often impact risk in women to a greater extent than they do in men. Unique risk factors such as pregnancy-related disorders also contribute to the level of risk and therefore warrant consideration in risk stratification. This review summarizes the efficacy of contemporary lipid-lowering therapies in women versus men and discusses the challenges that arise with lipid management in women along with potential ways to tackle these obstacles.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Proton Pump Inhibitor and Clopidogrel Use After Percutaneous Coronary
           Intervention and Risk of Major Cardiovascular Events

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      Abstract: Purpose Due to shared hepatic metabolism, concomitant medication with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and clopidogrel might reduce the effectiveness of clopidogrel in the prevention of cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We aimed to examine the risk of major cardiovascular events after PCI comparing patients who used clopidogrel together with PPI with those who used clopidogrel alone. Methods This Swedish nationwide cohort study included patients who received clopidogrel after primary PCI in 2005–2019. Patients were followed for up to 12 months after PCI. Data were retrieved from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Registry, Patient Registry, Cancer Registry, and Cause of Death Registry. Multivariable Cox regression provided hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for cardiovascular events comparing PPI users (exposed) with non-users of PPI (non-exposed). The HRs were adjusted for sex, age, comorbidity, calendar period, obesity, diabetes, anti-diabetic medication, tobacco-related diseases, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. Results The cohort included 99,836 patients who received clopidogrel after primary PCI. Among these, 35,772 (35.8%) received concomitant PPI. Compared to non-users, PPI users had increased adjusted HRs of all study outcomes, i.e., the main outcome myocardial infarction (HR = 1.23, 95% CI 1.15–1.32) and the secondary outcomes coronary heart disease (HR = 1.28, 95% CI 1.24–1.33), stroke (HR = 1.21, 95% CI 1.05–1.40), and death due to coronary heart disease (HR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.37–1.69). The results were similar in analyses including both primary and secondary PCIs. Conclusions In patients who receive clopidogrel after PCI, concomitant use of PPI seems to increase the risk of major cardiovascular events.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibitors: a New Opportunity in Renal and Myocardial
           Protection

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      Abstract: Abstract Hypoxia, via the activity of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), plays a crucial role in fibrosis, inflammation, and oxidative injury, processes which are associated with progression of cardiovascular and kidney diseases. HIFs are key transcription heterodimers consisting of regulatory α-subunits (HIF-1α, HIF-2α, HIF-3α) and a constitutive β-subunit (HIF-β). The stability of HIFs is regulated by the prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs). Specific PHD inhibitors (PHD-i) are being investigated as a therapeutic approach to modulate the cellular signaling pathways and harness the native protective adaptive responses to hypoxia. Selective inhibition of PHD leads to the stabilization of the HIFs, which is the transcriptional gatekeeper of a multitude of genes involved in angiogenesis, energy metabolism, apoptosis, inflammation, and fibrosis. PHD-i downregulate hepcidin, improve iron absorption, and increase the endogenous production of erythropoietin. Furthermore, this pharmacological group has also been proven to ameliorate ischemic injuries in several organs, opening a new and promising field in cardiovascular research.. In this review, we present the basic and clinical potential of PHD-i treatment in different scenarios, such as ischemic heart disease, cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure, and their interplay with other pharmacological agents with proven cardiovascular benefits, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Assessing the Impact of Colchicine on Coronary Plaque Phenotype After
           Myocardial Infarction with Optical Coherence Tomography: Rationale and
           Design of the COCOMO-ACS Study

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      Abstract: Introduction Recurrent event rates after myocardial infarction (MI) remain unacceptably high, in part because of the continued growth and destabilization of residual coronary atherosclerotic plaques, which may occur despite lipid-lowering therapy. Inflammation is an important contributor to this ongoing risk. Recent studies have shown that the broad-acting anti-inflammatory agent, colchicine, may reduce adverse cardiovascular events in patients post-MI, although the mechanistic basis for this remains unclear. Advances in endovascular arterial wall imaging have allowed detailed characterization of the burden and compositional phenotype of coronary plaque, along with its natural history and responsiveness to treatment. One such example has been the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to demonstrate the plaque-stabilizing effects of statins on both fibrous cap thickness and the size of lipid pools within plaque. Methods The Phase 2, multi-centre, double-blind colchicine for coronary plaque modification in acute coronary syndrome (COCOMO-ACS) study will evaluate the effect of colchicine 0.5 mg daily on coronary plaque features using serial OCT imaging in patients following MI. Recruitment for the trial has been completed with 64 participants with non-ST elevation MI randomized 1:1 to colchicine or placebo in addition to guideline recommended therapies, including high-intensity statins. The primary endpoint is the effect of colchicine on the minimal fibrous cap thickness of non-culprit plaque over an 18-month period. Summary The COCOMO-ACS study will determine whether addition of colchicine 0.5 mg daily to standard post-MI treatment has incremental benefits on high-risk features of coronary artery plaques. If confirmed, this will provide new mechanistic insights into how colchicine may confer clinical benefits in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Trial Registration ANZCTR trial registration number: ACTRN12618000809235. Date of trial registration: 11th of May 2018.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • SGLT2 Inhibition by Dapagliflozin Attenuates Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Mice
           with Type-1 Diabetes

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      Abstract: Background SGLT2 inhibitors increase plasma ketone concentrations. It has been suggested that insulinopenia, along with an increase in the counter-regulatory hormones epinephrine, corticosterone, glucagon and growth hormone, can induce ketoacidosis, especially in type-1 diabetes (T1DM). Dehydration precipitates SGLT2 inhibitor–induced ketoacidosis in type-2 diabetes. We studied the effects of dapagliflozin and water deprivation on the development of ketoacidosis and the associated signaling pathways in T1DM mice. Methods C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet. After 7 days, some mice received intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin + alloxan (STZ/ALX). The treatment groups were control + water at lib; control + dapagloflozin + water at lib; control + dapagloflozin + water deprivation; STZ/ALX + water at lib; STZ/ALX + water deprivation; STZ/ALX + dapagloflozin + water at lib; STZ/ALX + dapagloflozin + water deprivation. Dapagliflozin was given for 7 days. In the morning of day 18, food was removed, and water was removed in the water deprivation groups. ELISA, rt-PCR, and immunoblotting were used to assess blood, heart, liver, white and brown adipose tissues. Results The T1DM mice had ketoacidosis even without water deprivation. Water deprivation increased plasma levels of β-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, corticosterone, and epinephrine and reduced the levels of adiponectin in T1DM mice. Interleukin (IL) 1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNFα were also increased in the T1DM mice with water deprivation. Dapagliflozin attenuated the changes in the T1DM mice without and with water deprivation. Likewise, water deprivation increased the activation of the inflammasome in the heart, liver, and white fat of the T1DM mice and dapagliflozin attenuated these changes. Dapagliflozin reduced the mRNA levels of glucagon receptors in the liver and the increase in GPR109a in white and brown fat. In the liver, dapagliflozin increased AMPK phosphorylation, and attenuated the phosphorylation of TBK1 and the activation of NFκB. Conclusions Dapagliflozin reduced ketone body levels and attenuated the activation of NFκB and the activation of the inflammasome in T1DM mice with ketoacidosis.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • The application of proton pump inhibitors in cardiovascular disease needs
           to be individualized

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      PubDate: 2022-10-22
       
 
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