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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 346)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 164)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 141)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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Journal Cover
Cardiovascular Therapeutics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.075
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1755-5914 - ISSN (Online) 1755-5922
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [340 journals]
  • Attenuating Atherosclerosis through Inhibition of the NF-κB/NLRP3/IL-1β
           Pathway-Mediated Pyroptosis in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells (VSMCs)

    • Abstract: Objective. We investigated the effects of resveratrol (Res) and MCC950 on the pyroptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and the potential pathway. Methods and Results. Compared with the control (Con) group, the atherosclerosis (AS) group showed calcified nodules, which suggested that the calcification medium induced the calcification of VSMCs. VSMCs showed proliferative activity and significantly attenuated calcification under treatment with 10 μmol/L Res. The calcium salt was detected by alizarin red S staining. Res and MCC950 downregulated the calcification, inflammatory, pyroptosis, and transcription factor-related indicators all decreased by RT-qPCR with Western blot and immunofluorescence. The results showed that Res and MCC950 refrained the calcification of VSMCs and that Res has a better effect than MCC950. Plaques and calcium salt deposits were present in the carotid region in the control group. More calcium salt deposits were evident in the plaques of the Par group by HE staining and alizarin red S staining. The calcification indexes BMP2, Runx2, and related indexes declined by immunofluorescence, which showed parthenolide-inhibited AS. The related protein expressions were consistent with the expression of the cell experiments. Conclusion. Our data demonstrated that inflammatory response and pyroptosis exacerbate AS and unravel the link between VSMCs and the progression of AS lesions. Res and MCC950 inhibited the calcification of VSMCs by regulating NF-κB/NLRP3/IL-1β signaling axis. P53 can exacerbate the AS lesions by acting on NLRP3 inflammasome and pyroptosis. Our findings supported the clinical applications of Res and MCC950 in VSMCs individuals to counteract pyroptosis and AS, and P53 inhibitors also can be a potential treatment for AS.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Mar 2024 15:50:00 +000
       
  • Perioperative Treatment with Rivaroxaban and Dabigatran on Changes of
           Coagulation and Platelet Activation Biomarkers following Left Atrial
           Appendage Closure

    • Abstract: Insufficient data exist regarding the investigation of the impact of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) on coagulation activation biomarkers in the context of left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) and device-related thrombosis (DRT). The study was designed to investigate the changes and presence of coagulation activation biomarkers between different antithrombotic strategies following LAAC. A total of 120 nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients intolerant of long-term anticoagulants, who underwent successful WATCHMAN closure implantation, were enrolled (rivaroxaban, ; dabigatran, ). Blood samples were obtained from left atrium (LA) and left atrial appendage (LAA) during the operation and fasting blood samples on the same day of LAAC and 45 days after discharge. The biochemical indicators, thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin), von Willebrand factor (vWF), and CD40 ligand (CD40L), were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The primary endpoints of this study were the efficacy and safety characteristics of different antithrombotic strategies, including DRT incidence, stroke or transient ischemic attack, systemic embolism, and clinical major and nonmajor bleeding complications during the follow-up of 180 days. The results revealed that TAT, vWF, sP-selectin, and CD40L levels in vein were significantly reduced by 2.4% (), 5.0% (), 8.7% (), and 2.5% () from their baseline levels after rivaroxaban treatment. Conversely, no significant changes were detected in the dabigatran group. Furthermore, the plasma levels of platelet activation biomarkers (CD40L and sP-selectin) in both LA and LAA groups were significantly lower after anticoagulation with rivaroxaban, as compared to dabigatran treatment (CD40L: vs. for LA , vs. for LAA ; sP-selectin: vs. for LA , vs. for LAA ). Notably, the present study suggests that rivaroxaban may be more effective in the prevention of DRT for patients undergoing LAAC.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Mar 2024 11:50:00 +000
       
  • DUSP22 Ameliorates Endothelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition in HUVECs through
           Smad2/3 and MAPK Signaling Pathways

    • Abstract: Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) is the process by which endothelial cells lose their endothelial properties and acquire mesenchymal characteristics. Dual-specific protein phosphatase 22 (DUSP22) inactivates various protein kinases and transcription factors by dephosphorylating serine/threonine residues: hence, it plays a key role in many diseases. The aim of this study was to explore the functional role of DUSP22 in EndMT. In the transforming growth factor-β-induced EndMT model in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), we observed a downregulation of DUSP22 expression. This DUSP22 deficiency could aggravate EndMT. Conversely, the overexpression of DUSP22 could ameliorate EndMT. We used signaling pathway inhibitors to verify our results and found that DUSP22 could regulate EndMT through the smad2/3 and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. In summary, DUSP22 ameliorates EndMT in HUVECs in vitro through the smad2/3 and MAPK signaling pathways.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Mar 2024 15:05:00 +000
       
  • Major Limitations of Cardiovascular Risk Scores

    • Abstract: Background. Epidemiological studies conducted in extensive population cohorts have led to the creation of numerous cardiovascular risk predictor models. However, these tools have certain limitations that restrict its applicability. The aim behind the following work is to summarize today’s best-known limitations of cardiovascular risk assessment models through presenting the critical analyses conducted in this area, with the intention of offering practitioners a comprehensive understanding of these restrictions. Critical analyses revealed that these scales exhibit numerous limitations that could impact their performance. Most of these models evaluate cardiovascular risk based on classic risk factors and other restrictions, thereby negatively affecting their sensitivity. Scientists have made significant advancements in improving cardiovascular risk models, tailoring them to accommodate a wide range of populations and devising scales for estimating cardiovascular risks that can account for all prevailing restrictions. Better understanding these limitations could improve the cardiovascular risk stratification.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2024 06:35:00 +000
       
  • Laminaria japonica Aresch-Derived Fucoidan Ameliorates Hyperlipidemia by
           Upregulating LXRs and Suppressing SREBPs

    • Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and hyperlipidemia is one major inducing factor of CVD. It is worthy to note that fucoidans are reported to have hypolipidemic activity with species specificity; however, the underlying mechanisms of action are far from clarification. This study is aimed at investigating the plasma lipid-lowering mechanisms of the fucoidan from L. japonica Aresch by detecting the levels of hepatic genes that are involved in lipid metabolism. Our results demonstrated that the fucoidan F3 significantly lowered total cholesterol and triglyceride in C57BL/6J mice fed a high-fat diet. In the mouse liver, fucoidan F3 intervention significantly increased the gene expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α, liver X receptor (LXR) α and β, and ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC) G1 and G8 and decreased the expression of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), low-density lipoprotein receptor, cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase A1, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) 1c and SREBP-2. These results demonstrated that the antihyperlipidemic effects of fucoidan F3 are related to its activation of PPARα and LXR/ABC signaling pathways and inactivation of SREBPs. In conclusion, fucoidan F3 may be explored as a potential compound for prevention or treatment of lipid disorders.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Feb 2024 13:35:00 +000
       
  • Assessment of Angiography-Based Renal Quantitative Flow Ratio Measurement
           in Patients with Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis

    • Abstract: Background. Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is an angiography-based fractional flow reserve measurement without pressure wire or induction of hyperemia. A recent innovation that uses combined geometrical data and hemodynamic boundary conditions to measure QFR from a single angiographic view has shown the potential to measure QFR of the renal artery-renal QFR (rQFR). Objective. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of rQFR measurement and the contribution of rQFR in selecting patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) undergoing revascularization. Methods. This retrospective trial enrolled patients who had ARAS (50-90%) and hypertension. The enrolled patients were treated by optimal antihypertensive medication or revascularization, respectively, and the therapeutic strategies were based on rFFR measurement and/or clinical feature. Results. A total of 55 patients underwent rQFR measurement. Among the enrolled patients, 18 underwent optimal antihypertensive medication and 37 underwent revascularization, 19 patients in whom rQFR and rFFR were both assessed. During the 180-day follow-up, 25 patients saw an improvement in their blood pressure among the 37 patients that underwent revascularization. ROC analysis revealed that rQFR had a high diagnostic accuracy for predicting blood pressure improvement (, 95% CI 0.798-0.998). The ideal cut-off value of rQFR for predicting blood pressure improvement after revascularization is ≤0.72 (sensitivity: 72.00%, specificity: 100%). The paired test and Bland–Altman analyses demonstrated good agreement between rQFR and rFFR (, 95% CI -0.021 to 0.001, 95% limits of agreement: -0.035 to 0.055, ). The Spearman correlation test reveals that there was a significant positive correlation between rQFR and rFFR (, 95% CI 0.874 to 0.982, ).Conclusion. The rQFR has the potential to enhance the ability of angiography to detect functionally significant renal artery stenosis during angiography and to produce results that are comparable to invasive hemodynamic assessment.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Jan 2024 10:35:11 +000
       
  • Improving Health Outcomes in Coronary Artery Disease Patients with
           Short-Term Protocols of High-Intensity Interval Training and
           Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training: A Community-Based Randomized
           Controlled Trial

    • Abstract: Studies have shown that the higher the aerobic capacity, the lower the risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. In the case of cardiac patients, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) seems to be more effective than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in improving aerobic capacity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two community-based exercise programs using two short-term protocols (HIIT and MICT) on physical fitness and physical activity (PA) levels in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Methods. In this randomized controlled trial, body composition, aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and daily PA levels were assessed before and after 6 weeks of intervention in 69 patients diagnosed with CAD. All patients were randomly (1 : 1 : 1) assigned to two exercise groups (HIIT or MICT) or a control group (no exercise). Both training programs consisted of 6 weeks of supervised treadmill exercise, three sessions per week. MICT targeted ≈70-75% of peak heart rate (HR), while HIIT aimed for ≈85-95% of peak HR. The control group only followed the medical recommendations. Results. Community-based exercise programs showed more positive effects on physical fitness variables and physical activity levels compared to control. HIIT could significantly improve waist circumference, body fat mass, VO2peak, sedentary behavior, and moderate-to-vigorous PA compared to MICT. Moreover, the control group showed poorer results. Conclusion. HIIT can improve health outcomes more positively than MICT and control. These findings indicate that HIIT may be an alternative and effective training method in community-based exercise programs for CAD patients. This trial is registered with NCT03538119.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2023 08:35:01 +000
       
  • Valsartan Attenuated Homocysteine-Induced Impaired Autophagy and ER Stress
           in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

    • Abstract: Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases. However, the mechanism underlying homocysteine- (Hcy-) induced vascular injury remains unclear. The purpose of the present study was to examine a potential mechanism by which Hcy induced injury in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC). The protein abundance of autophagy-related markers was markedly decreased after Hcy treatment, which was associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis in HUVECs. Protein expression level of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1 receptor) was dramatically increased in response to Hcy. Valsartan, an AT1 receptor blocker, improved autophagy and prevented ER stress and apoptosis in HUVECs treated with Hcy. Consistent with this, silence of AT1 receptor with siRNA decreased the protein abundance of ER stress markers, prevented apoptosis, and promoted autophagy in HUVECs. Inhibition or knockdown of AT1 receptor was shown to be associated with suppression of p-GSK3β/GSK3β-p-mTOR/mTOR signaling pathway. Additionally, inhibition of autophagy by 3-MA aggravated Hcy-induced apoptosis, while amelioration of ER stress by 4-PBA prevented Hcy-induced injury in HUVECs. Hcy-induced HUVEC injury was likely attributed to AT1 receptor activation, leading to impaired autophagy, ER stress, and apoptosis.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Dec 2023 11:50:02 +000
       
  • Ginkgolide B Blocks Vascular Remodeling after Vascular Injury via
           Regulating Tgfβ1/Smad Signaling Pathway

    • Abstract: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most prevalent cardiovascular disease worldwide, resulting in myocardial infarction (MI) and even sudden death. Following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), restenosis caused by vascular remodeling is always formed at the stent implantation site. Here, we show that Ginkgolide B (GB), a naturally occurring terpene lactone, effectively suppresses vascular remodeling and subsequent restenosis in wild-type mice following left carotid artery (LCA) injury. Additional experiments reveal that GB exerts a protective effect on vascular remodeling and further restenosis through modulation of the Tgfβ1/Smad signaling pathway in vivo and in human vascular smooth muscle cells (HVSMAs) but not in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. Moreover, the beneficial effect of GB is abolished after incubated with pirfenidone (PFD, a drug for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, IPF), which can inhibit Tgfβ1. In Tgfβ1-/- mice, treatment with pirfenidone capsules and Yinxingneizhi Zhusheye (including Ginkgolide B) fails to improve vascular remodeling and restenosis. In conclusion, our data identify that GB could be a potential novel therapeutic agent to block vessel injury-associated vascular remodeling and further restenosis and show significant repression of Tgfβ1/Smad signaling pathway.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Dec 2023 11:50:02 +000
       
  • Relationship between β1-AA and AT1-AA and Cardiac Function in Patients
           with Hypertension Complicated with Left Ventricular Diastolic Function
           Limitation

    • Abstract: Objective. To investigate the association between β1 adrenergic receptor autoantibodies (β1-AA) and angiotensin II type-1 receptor autoantibodies (AT1-AA) and cardiac function in patients with hypertension complicated with left ventricular diastolic function limitation. Methods. A total of 120 patients with essential hypertension who were not taking drug treatment and were hospitalised in the Department of Cardiology at the authors’ hospital from April 2018 to December 2018 were enrolled in this study and divided into a diastolic dysfunction group (65 cases) and a normal diastolic group (55 cases) according to their left ventricular diastolic function. The levels of cardiac parameters, β1-AA, AT1-AA, and other indicators were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyse the related factors affecting left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD). The diagnostic efficacy of related factors in the diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction was evaluated. Results. Univariate analysis demonstrated that the left ventricular posterior wall diameter ( vs. ), left ventricular systolic dysfunction ( vs. ), systolic blood pressure ( vs. ), diastolic blood pressure ( vs. ),β1-AA (33 vs. 9 cases), and AT1-AA (35 cases vs. 12 cases) were higher in the dysfunction group than in the control group (all ). Multivariate regression analysis showed that β1-AA (odds ratio , 95% confidence interval ) and AT1-AA (, 95% CI: 1.332–6.720) were independent risk factors for cardiac diastolic dysfunction (). Both autoimmune antibodies had a certain predictive value, and the combined prediction value of the two was the highest, with an area under the curve of 0.942 (95% CI: 0.881~0.985). Conclusion. The positive rate of β1-AA and AT1-AA in essential hypertension patients with LVDD was higher than that in the normal group. Both β1-AA and AT1-AA could be used as early markers of LVDD in essential hypertension patients.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Dec 2023 11:50:01 +000
       
  • Frequencies of VKORC1-1639G>A and rs397509427 in Patients on Warfarin and
           Healthy Syrian Subjects

    • Abstract: Background. Vitamin K epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) gene encodes a key enzyme with multiple cellular activities, namely, the reduction of vitamin K to its active form. VKORC1-1639G>A (rs9923231) is a common single nucleotide polymorphism with a crucial impact on warfarin dosing and possibly other physiological functions. This study aimed at investigating the frequencies of VKORC1-1639G>A alleles and genotypes in Syrian healthy subjects and patients on warfarin for different indications. Methods. A total of 138 individuals were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Genomic DNA was extracted from both patients on warfarin and healthy subjects, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) specific amplicons were genotyped via standard sequencing which also allowed the detection of rs397509427. Comparisons of -1639G>A frequency with other populations were drawn. Results. Of 94 patients on warfarin, 53 (56.38%) were with idiopathic venous thromboembolism (VTE). Despite comparable frequencies of the -1639A allele (47% and 50%), the AA and GA genotypes were at disparate frequencies of 93.2% versus 79.8% in the healthy subjects () versus patients on warfarin, respectively. Carriers of the GG genotype were at a four-fold increased risk of VTE in comparison with those of the AA and GA genotypes (odds ratio , 95% ,). All study subjects were wild-type for the rs397509427 variant. Conclusions. Our results prove a high -1639A prevalence in Syrian healthy subjects and patients on warfarin at frequencies comparable to other Mediterranean and Middle Eastern populations. The A allele carriers are at a lower VTE risk, whereas a global prevalence gradient of the G allele is suggested to be associated with VTE risk.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Nov 2023 11:50:01 +000
       
  • Effect of Thrombolysis on Circulating Microparticles in Patients with
           ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

    • Abstract: Objective. We demonstrated that circulating microparticles (MPs) are increased in patients with coronary heart disease (both chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) and acute coronary syndrome). Whether thrombolysis affects MPs in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with or without percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. Methods. This study was divided into three groups: STEMI patients with thrombolysis () were group T, patients with chronic coronary syndrome () were group CCS, and healthy volunteers () were the control group. Fasting venous blood was extracted from patients in the CCS and control groups, and venous blood was extracted from patients in the T group before (pre-T) and 2 hours after (post-T) thrombolysis. MPs from each group were obtained by centrifugation. After determining the concentration, the effects of MPs on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in rat myocardial tissue in vitro were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Changes in nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen free radicals (O2•–) were also detected. The effect of MPs on vasodilation in isolated rat thoracic aortae was detected. Results. Compared with that in the control group ( mg/ml), the concentration of MPs was increased in patients with CCS ( mg/ml) and in STEMI patients before thrombolysis ( mg/ml). However, thrombolysis did not further increase MP levels (post-T,  mg/ml) compared with those in STEMI patients before thrombolysis. Compared with those in the control group, MPs in both CCS and STEMI patients before thrombolysis inhibited the expression of eNOS (both immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis of phosphorylation at Ser1177), NO production in the isolated myocardium and vasodilation in vitro and stimulated the expression of iNOS (immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis of phosphorylation at Thr495), and the generation of O2•– in the isolated myocardium. The effects of MPs were further enhanced by MPs from STEMI patients 2 hours after thrombolysis. Conclusion. Changes in MP function after thrombolysis may be one of the mechanisms leading to ischemia–reperfusion after thrombolysis.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Nov 2023 07:20:00 +000
       
  • Role of K+ and Ca2+ Channels in the Vasodilator Effects of Plectranthus
           barbatus (Brazilian Boldo) in Hypertensive Rats

    • Abstract: Plectranthus barbatus, popularly known as Brazilian boldo, is used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat cardiovascular disorders including hypertension. This study investigated the chemical profile by UFLC-DAD-MS and the relaxant effect by using an isolated organ bath of the hydroethanolic extract of P. barbatus (HEPB) leaves on the aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). A total of nineteen compounds were annotated from HEPB, and the main metabolite classes found were flavonoids, diterpenoids, cinnamic acid derivatives, and organic acids. The HEPB promoted an endothelium-dependent vasodilator effect (~100%; EC50 ~347.10 μg/mL). Incubation of L-NAME (a nonselective nitric oxide synthase inhibitor; EC50 ~417.20 μg/mL), ODQ (a selective inhibitor of the soluble guanylate cyclase enzyme; EC50 ~426.00 μg/mL), propranolol (a nonselective α-adrenergic receptor antagonist; EC50 ~448.90 μg/mL), or indomethacin (a nonselective cyclooxygenase enzyme inhibitor; EC50 ~398.70 μg/mL) could not significantly affect the relaxation evoked by HEPB. However, in the presence of atropine (a nonselective muscarinic receptor antagonist), there was a slight reduction in its vasorelaxant effect (EC50 ~476.40 μg/mL). The addition of tetraethylammonium (a blocker of Ca2+-activated K+ channels; EC50 ~611.60 μg/mL) or 4-aminopyridine (a voltage-dependent K+ channel blocker; EC50 ~380.50 μg/mL) significantly reduced the relaxation effect of the extract without the interference of glibenclamide (an ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker; EC50 ~344.60 μg/mL) or barium chloride (an influx rectifying K+ channel blocker; EC50 ~360.80 μg/mL). The extract inhibited the contractile response against phenylephrine, CaCl2, KCl, or caffeine, similar to the results obtained with nifedipine (voltage-dependent calcium channel blocker). Together, the HEPB showed a vasorelaxant effect on the thoracic aorta of SHR, exclusively dependent on the endothelium with the participation of muscarinic receptors and K+ and Ca2+ channels.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Nov 2023 12:20:00 +000
       
  • Circulating FABP-4 Levels in Patients with Atherosclerosis or Coronary
           Artery Disease: A Comprehensive Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Background. Cardiovascular diseases (CDs), notably coronary artery disease (CAD) due to atherosclerosis, impose substantial global health and economic burdens. Fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs), including FABP-4, have been recently linked to CDs. This study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine FABP-4 levels in CAD and atherosclerosis patients, exploring their potential links to these conditions. Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis were done based on the PRISMA guideline. The international databases including Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, and UpToDate were searched to find all related studies on the effect of FABP-4 on patients with CAD or atherosclerosis which were published till June 2022 without language restriction. The Cochran’s -test and statistic were applied to assess heterogeneity, a random effect model was used to estimate the pooled standardized mean difference (SMD), a metaregression method was utilized to investigate the factors affecting heterogeneity between studies, and Egger’s test was used to assess the publication bias. Results. Of 1051 studies, 9 studies with a sample size of 2327 were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. The level of circulating FABP-4 in the patient groups was significantly higher than in the control groups ( (95% CI: 0.30 to 0.91, : 91.47%)). The SMD in female and male patients were 0.26 (95% CI: 0.01 to 0.52, : 0%) and 0.22 (95% CI: 0.08 to 0.35, : 44.7%), respectively. There was considerable heterogeneity between the studies. The countries had a positive relationship with heterogeneity (,); but BMI, lipid indices, gender, study design, and type of kit had no effect on the heterogeneity. No publication bias was observed (: 0.137). Conclusion. In summary, this meta-analysis revealed elevated circulating FABP-4 levels in CDs, suggesting its potential as a biomarker for these conditions. Further research is warranted to explore its clinical relevance.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Nov 2023 11:50:01 +000
       
  • Identifying Factors for Low-Risk Participation in Alternative Cardiac
           Rehabilitation Models for Patients with Coronary Heart Disease Using
           MI’S SCOREPAD

    • Abstract: Introduction. Although a recent joint society scientific statement (the American Association of Cardiovascular Pulmonary Rehabilitation, the American Heart Association, and the American College of Cardiology) suggests home-based cardiac rehab (CR) is appropriate for low- and moderate-risk patients, there are no paradigms to define such individuals with coronary heart disease. Methods. We reviewed a decade of data from all patients with coronary heart disease enrolled in a single CR center (University of Michigan) to identify the prevalence of low-risk factors, which may inform on consideration for participation in alternative models of CR. Low-risk factors included not having any of the following: metabolic syndrome, presence of implantable cardioverter defibrillator or permanent pacemaker, active smoking, prior stroke, congestive heart failure, obesity, advanced renal disease, poor exercise capacity, peripheral arterial disease, angina, or clinical depression (MI’S SCOREPAD). We report on the proportion of participants with these risk factors and the proportion with all of these low-risk factors. Results. The mean age of CR participants () was 63 years; 25% were women, and 82% were non-Hispanic White. The mean number of low-risk factors was 8.5, which was similar in the 2011-2012 and 2018-2019 cohorts (8.5 vs. 8.3, respectively, ). Additionally, 9.3% of the 2011-2012 cohort and 7.6% of the 2018-2019 cohort had all 11 of the low-risk factors. Conclusion. In this observational study, we provide a first paradigm of identifying factors among coronary heart disease patients that may be considered low-risk and likely high-gain for participation in alternative models of CR. Further work is needed to track clinical outcomes in patients with these factors to determine thresholds for enrolling participants in alternative forms of CR.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Sep 2023 09:50:00 +000
       
  • Elevated Serum Total Bilirubin Might Indicate Poor Coronary Conditions for
           Unstable Angina Pectoris Patients beyond as a Cardiovascular Protector

    • Abstract: Backgrounds. Serum total bilirubin (STB) is recently more regarded as an antioxidant with vascular protective effects. However, we noticed that elevated STB appeared in unstable angina pectoris (UAP) patients with diffused coronary lesions. We aimed to explore STB’s roles in UAP patients, which have not been reported by articles. Methods and Results. 1120 UAP patients were retrospectively screened, and 296 patients were finally enrolled. They were grouped by Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) angina grades. The synergy between PCI with TAXUS stent and cardiac surgery score (SYNTAX score) and corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow count (CTFC) were adopted to profile coronary features. The results showed that STB, mean platelet volume (MPV), hs-CRP, fasting blood glucose (FBG), red blood cell width (RDW), and CTFC elevated significantly in the CCS high-risk group. STB (, 95% CI: 0.39-0.74, ) and MPV (, 95% CI: 0.42-1.31, ) could indicate SYNTAX score changes for these patients. STB (≥21.7 μmol/L) could even indicate a coronary slow flow condition (AUC: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.84-0.93, ). Moreover, UAP patients with elevated STB had a lower event-free survival rate by the Kaplan-Meier curve. STB ≥21.7 μmol/L could reflect a poor coronary flow status and indicate 1-year poor outcomes for these patients (HR: 2.01, 95% CI: 1.06-3.84, ).Conclusion. Elevated STB in UAP patients has a close relationship with changes in SYNTAX score. STB (over 21.7 μmol/L) could even indicate a coronary slow flow condition and poor outcomes for the UAP patients.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Sep 2023 05:50:00 +000
       
  • Left Bundle Branch Area Pacing versus Right Ventricular Pacing in Patients
           with Atrioventricular Block: An Observational Cohort Study

    • Abstract: Objective. We aim to conduct a comparison of the safety and effectiveness performance between left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP) and right ventricular pacing (RVP) regimens for patients with atrioventricular block (AVB). Methods. This observational cohort study included patients who underwent pacemaker implantations with LBBAP or RVP for AVB indications from the 1st of January 2018 to the 18th of November 2021 at West China Hospital. The primary composite outcome included all-cause mortality, lead failure, or heart failure hospitalization (HFH). The secondary outcome included periprocedure complication, cardiac death, or recurrent unexplained syncope. A 1 : 1 propensity score–matched cohort was conducted for left ventricular (LV) function analysis. Results. A total of 903 patients met the inclusion criteria and completed clinical follow-up. After adjusting for the possible confounders, LBBAP was independently associated with a lower risk of the primary outcome (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.83, ), including a lower risk of all-cause mortality and HFH. No significant difference in the secondary outcome was detected between the groups except that LBBAP was independently associated with a lower risk of recurrent unexplained syncope. In the propensity-score matching cohort of echocardiographic analysis, the LV systolic dyssynchrony index was lower in LBBAP compared with that in RVP ( vs. %, ).Conclusions. Compared to conventional RVP, LBBAP is a feasible novel pacing model associated with a significant reduction in the primary composite outcome. Moreover, LBBAP significantly reduces the risk of recurrent unexplained syncope and improves LV systolic synchrony. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05722379.
      PubDate: Mon, 21 Aug 2023 07:35:00 +000
       
  • Comparison of Different Chronic Maintenance Antithrombotic Strategies in
           Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Network
           Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Background. Optimal antithrombotic therapy during the chronic maintenance period in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. We compared five kinds of mainstream chronic maintenance antithrombotic strategies at least one year after the acute phase: aspirin alone, clopidogrel alone, ticagrelor alone, continued dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for a period of time, and maintenance with aspirin combined with a low-dose anticoagulant such as rivaroxaban. Methods. Ten randomized, controlled trials were selected using PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane library through February 2023. The primary outcome was main adverse cardiac events (MACEs), and secondary outcomes include net adverse clinical events (NACEs), cardiac death, all-cause death, ischemic stroke, stent thrombosis, total bleeding, and major bleeding. A network meta-analysis was conducted with a random-effects model. Data extraction was performed by three independent reviewers. Results. Our search identified ten eligible randomized controlled trials enrolling a total of 82,084 patients comparing different chronic maintenance antithrombotic strategies. As for the primary endpoint, there was no statistical difference in MACE outcomes between any two of the five methods. As for the secondary endpoint, there was no statistical difference in NACE, major bleeding, all-cause death, cardiac death, and stent thrombosis between any two methods. The aspirin plus low-dose rivaroxaban group had a lower incidence of ischemic stroke compared to the aspirin group (, 95% CrI 0.26-0.91). And the prolonged DAPT group had a higher total bleeding rate compared to aspirin group (, 95% CrI 1.1-5.9). Conclusions. In terms of MACE, NACE, all-cause death, cardiac death, stent thrombosis, and major bleeding, there were no significant differences between using aspirin alone, clopidogrel alone, and ticagrelor alone; extending DAPT duration; and using aspirin combined with low-dose rivaroxaban for chronic maintenance antithrombotic regimens. However, choosing aspirin combined with low-dose rivaroxaban can reduce the incidence of ischemic stroke, and prolonged DAPT may have a higher rate of total bleeding. However, it is important to note that this study is based on indirect comparisons, and there is currently a lack of direct evidence comparing various maintenance antiplatelet therapy regimens. Further high-quality studies are needed to address this gap and provide more conclusive evidence on the comparative effectiveness of different maintenance antiplatelet strategies.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Aug 2023 10:20:01 +000
       
  • Drug-Coated Balloon-Only Strategy for De Novo Coronary Artery Disease: A
           Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

    • Abstract: Backgrounds. Many clinical trials have demonstrated the value of drug-coated balloons (DCB) for in-stent restenosis. However, their role in de novo lesions is not well documented. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the DCB-only strategy compared to other percutaneous coronary intervention strategies for de novo coronary lesions. Methods. The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials published up to May 6, 2023. The primary outcomes were major adverse cardiac events and late lumen loss. Results. A total of eighteen trials with 3336 participants were included. Compared with drug-eluting stents, the DCB-only strategy was associated with a similar risk of major adverse cardiac events (risk ratio ; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.59 to 1.37, ) and a significant decrease in late lumen loss (standardized mean difference , 95% CI: −0.53 to −0.04, ). This effect was consistent in subgroup analysis regardless of indication, follow-up time, drug-eluting stent type, and dual antiplatelet therapy duration. However, DCBs were inferior to DESs for minimum lumen diameter and percentage diameter stenosis. The DCB-only strategy showed significantly better outcomes for most endpoints compared to plain-old balloon angioplasty or bare metal stents. Conclusions. Interventions with a DCB-only strategy are comparable to those of drug-eluting stents and superior to plain-old balloon angioplasty or bare metal stents for the treatment of selected de novo coronary lesions. Additional evidence is still warranted to confirm the value of DCB before widespread clinical utilization can be recommended.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Aug 2023 10:05:01 +000
       
  • Heart Failure with Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction: A Complex
           Conundrum Simply Not Limited to Diastolic Dysfunction

    • Abstract: Over the last two decades, the changing paradigm of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has transformed our understanding not only of the pathophysiology of this clinical entity but also the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches aimed at treating this complex patient population. No longer HFpEF should be seen as simply left ventricular diastolic dysfunction but as a group of that in addition of having small and thick left ventricles with abnormal diastolic filling patterns as their main pathophysiologic abnormality; they also have whole host of different abnormalities. In fact, this heterogeneous clinical entity embodies numerous mechanisms and is linked to multiorgan dysfunction, with hypertension and obesity playing a major role. Although we have gained an enormous amount of understanding not only on the causes but also the downstream effects of HFpEF, there is still much to be learned before we can fully comprehend this complex clinical entity. It is the main intention of this review to synthesize the most recent attributes, mechanism, diagnostic tools, and most useful therapeutic alternatives to be considered when evaluating patients either complaining of dyspnea on exertion as well as exercise intolerance or those recently admitted with HF symptoms but with normal LVEF in the absence of any other valvular abnormalities
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jul 2023 09:20:00 +000
       
  • Water-Based Exercises on Peak Oxygen Consumption, Exercise Time, and
           Muscle Strength in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic
           Review with Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Background. There is a growing use of water-based exercises in cardiac rehabilitation programs. However, there is little data concerning the effects of water-based exercise on the exercise capacity of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Objective. To perform a systematic review to investigate the effects of water-based exercise on peak oxygen consumption, exercise time, and muscle strength in patients with CAD. Methods. Five databases were searched to find randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of water-based exercise for coronary artery disease patients. Mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed using the test. Results. Eight studies were included. Water-based exercise resulted in an improvement in peak VO2 of 3.4 mL/kg/min (95% CI, 2.3 to 4.5; %; 5 studies, ), exercise time of 0.6 (95% CI, 0.1 to 1.1; %; 3 studies, ), and total body strength of 32.2 kg (95% CI, 23.9 to 40.7; %; 3 studies, ) when compared to no exercising controls. Water-based exercise resulted in an improvement in peak VO2 of 3.1 mL/kg/min (95% CI, 1.4 to 4.7; %; 2 studies, ), when compared to the plus land exercise group. No significant difference in peak VO2 was found for participants in the water-based exercise plus land exercise group compared with the land exercise group. Conclusions. Water-based exercise may improve exercise capacity and should be considered as an alternative method in the rehabilitation of patients with CAD.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Jun 2023 11:20:01 +000
       
  • The Regulation Network of Glycerolipid Metabolism as Coregulators of
           Immunotherapy-Related Myocarditis

    • Abstract: Background. To date, immunotherapy for patients with malignant tumors has shown a significant association with myocarditis. However, the mechanism of metabolic reprogramming changes for immunotherapy-related cardiotoxicity is still not well understood. Methods. The CD45+ single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) of the Pdcd1-/-Ctla4+/- and wild-type mouse heart in GSE213486 was downloaded to demonstrate the heterogeneity of immunocyte atlas in immunotherapy-related myocarditis. The liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) spectrum metabolomics analysis detects the metabolic network differences. The drug prediction, organelle level interaction, mitochondrial level regulatory network, and phosphorylation site prediction for key regulators have also been screened via multibioinformatics analysis methods. Results. The scRNA analysis shows that the T cell is the main regulatory cell subpopulation in the pathological progress of immunotherapy-related myocarditis. Mitochondrial regulation pathway significantly participated in pseudotime trajectory- (PTT-) related differential expressed genes (DEGs) in the T cell subpopulation. Additionally, both the gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of PTT-related DEGs and LC-MS/MS metabolomics analysis showed that mitochondrial-regulated glycerolipid metabolism plays a central role in metabolic reprogramming changes for immunotherapy-related cardiotoxicity. Finally, the hub-regulated protease of diacylglycerol kinase zeta (Dgkz) was significantly identified and widely played various roles in glycerolipid metabolism, oxidative phosphorylation, and lipid kinase activation. Conclusion. Mitochondrial-regulated glycerolipid metabolism, especially the DGKZ protein, plays a key role in the metabolic reprogramming of immunotherapy-related myocarditis.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Jun 2023 04:50:15 +000
       
  • Statin Eligibility according to 2013 ACC/AHA and USPSTF Guidelines among
           

    • Abstract: The objectives of this study were to evaluate statin eligibility among Middle Eastern patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who had no prior use of statin therapy, according to 2013 ACC/AHA and 2016 USPSTF guidelines, and to compare statin eligibility between men and women. This was a retrospective multicenter observational study of all adult patients admitted to five tertiary care centers in Jordan with a first-time AMI, no prior cardiovascular disease, and no prior statin use between April 2018 and June 2019. Ten-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score was estimated based on ACC/AHA risk score. A total of 774 patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean age was 55 years (), 120 (15.5%) were women, and 688 (88.9%) had at least one risk factor of cardiovascular disease. Compared to men, women were more likely to be older; had a history of diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia; and had higher body mass index, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and high-density lipoproteins. Compared to women, men were more likely to have a higher 10-year ASCVD risk score (14.0% vs. 17.8%, ), and more men had a 10-year ASCVD risk score of ≥7.5% and ≥10%. The proportion of patients eligible for statin therapy was 80.2% based on the 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines and 59.5% based on the USPSTF guidelines. A higher proportion of men were eligible for statin therapy compared to women, based on both the 2013 ACC/AHA (81.4% vs. 73.5%, ) and USPSTF guidelines (62.0% vs. 45.2%, ). Among Middle Easterners, over half of patients with AMI would have been eligible for statin therapy prior to admission based on the 2013 ACC/AHA and USPSTF guidelines, with the presence of gender gap. Adopting these guidelines in clinical practice might positively impact primary cardiovascular preventive strategies in this region.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Jun 2023 12:05:01 +000
       
  • E-Selectin/AAV Gene Therapy Promotes Myogenesis and Skeletal Muscle
           Recovery in a Mouse Hindlimb Ischemia Model

    • Abstract: The response to ischemia in peripheral artery disease (PAD) depends on compensatory neovascularization and coordination of tissue regeneration. Identifying novel mechanisms regulating these processes is critical to the development of nonsurgical treatments for PAD. E-selectin is an adhesion molecule that mediates cell recruitment during neovascularization. Therapeutic priming of ischemic limb tissues with intramuscular E-selectin gene therapy promotes angiogenesis and reduces tissue loss in a murine hindlimb gangrene model. In this study, we evaluated the effects of E-selectin gene therapy on skeletal muscle recovery, specifically focusing on exercise performance and myofiber regeneration. C57BL/6J mice were treated with intramuscular E-selectin/adeno-associated virus serotype 2/2 gene therapy (E-sel/AAV) or LacZ/AAV2/2 (LacZ/AAV) as control and then subjected to femoral artery coagulation. Recovery of hindlimb perfusion was assessed by laser Doppler perfusion imaging and muscle function by treadmill exhaustion and grip strength testing. After three postoperative weeks, hindlimb muscle was harvested for immunofluorescence analysis. At all postoperative time points, mice treated with E-sel/AAV had improved hindlimb perfusion and exercise capacity. E-sel/AAV gene therapy also increased the coexpression of MyoD and Ki-67 in skeletal muscle progenitors and the proportion of Myh7+ myofibers. Altogether, our findings demonstrate that in addition to improving reperfusion, intramuscular E-sel/AAV gene therapy enhances the regeneration of ischemic skeletal muscle with a corresponding benefit on exercise performance. These results suggest a potential role for E-sel/AAV gene therapy as a nonsurgical adjunct in patients with life-limiting PAD.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 May 2023 09:50:00 +000
       
  • Analysis of the Efficacy and Safety of Coronary Catheterization through
           Distal Transradial Access: A Single-Center Data

    • Abstract: Background and Aims. The distal transradial access (dTRA) is a new puncture site for coronary catheterization. We sought to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and complication rates of using the dTRA for cardiac catheterization in Chinese patients. Methods. A total of 263 consecutive patients who underwent catheterization through the dTRA were enrolled. The primary endpoint of the study was the rate of conversion to another access site due to the impossibility of successful artery puncture or intubation. Secondary safety endpoints were the rates of bleeding-related complications and nerve disorders. Results. Among 263 patients, the puncture success rate was 96.2% (253/263). Eleven patients were successfully punctured, but the guide wire was difficult to advance. One patient had intubation failure, and the success rate of intubation was 91.6% (241/263). Two hundred thirty-three patients underwent puncture via the right dTRA, 5 patients underwent puncture via the left dTRA, and 3 patients underwent puncture via the bilateral dTRA. A total of 158 (65.6%) patients underwent coronary angiography, and 83 (34.4%) patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. After the procedure, only 2 (0.8%) patients had mild bleeding at the puncture site, 2 (0.8%) had a forearm hematoma, and no patient had a nerve disorder. Conclusions. DTRA has a low incidence of complications, making it a safe and effective technique for cardiac catheterization.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 May 2023 15:35:01 +000
       
  • Pulegone Prevents Hypertension through Activation of Muscarinic Receptors
           and Cyclooxygenase Pathway in L-NAME-Induced Hypertensive Rats

    • Abstract: The current study was designed to determine pulegone’s antihypertensive and vasoprotective activity in L-NAME-induced hypertensive rats. Firstly, the hypotensive dose-response relationship of pulegone was evaluated in normotensive anesthetized rats using the invasive method. Secondly, the mechanism involved in hypotensive activity was determined in the presence of pharmacological drugs such as atropine/muscarinic receptor blocker (1 mg/kg), L-NAME/NOS inhibitor (20 mg/kg), and indomethacin/COX inhibitor (5 mg/kg) in anesthetized rats. Furthermore, studies were carried out to assess the preventive effect of pulegone in L-NAME-induced hypertensive rats. Hypertension was induced in rats by administering L-NAME (40 mg/kg) orally for 28 days. Rats were divided into six groups which were treated orally with tween 80 (placebo), captopril (10 mg/kg), and different doses of pulegone (20 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg, and 80 mg/kg). Blood pressure, urine volume, sodium, and body weight were monitored weekly. After 28 days, the effect of pulegone on lipid profile, hepatic markers, antioxidant enzymes, and nitric oxide was estimated from the serum of treated rats. Moreover, plasma mRNA expression of eNOS, ACE, ICAM1, and EDN1 was measured using real-time PCR. Results show that pulegone dose-dependently decreased blood pressure and heart rate in normotensive rats, with the highest effect at 30 mg/kg/i.v. The hypotensive effect of pulegone was reduced in the presence of atropine and indomethacin, whereas L-NAME did not change its hypotensive effect. Concurrent treatment with pulegone for four weeks in L-NAME-treated rats caused a reduction in both systolic blood pressure and heart rate, reversed the reduced levels of serum nitric oxide (NO), and ameliorated lipid profile and oxidative stress markers. Treatment with pulegone also improved the vascular response to acetylcholine. Plasma mRNA expression of eNOS was reduced, whereas ACE, ICAM1, and EDN1 levels were high in the L-NAME group, which was facilitated by pulegone treatment. To conclude, pulegone prevented L-NAME-induced hypertension by demonstrating a hypotensive effect through muscarinic receptors and cyclooxygenase pathway, indicating its use as a potential candidate in managing hypertension.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 May 2023 13:20:00 +000
       
  • miR-135a Regulates Atrial Fibrillation by Targeting Smad3

    • Abstract: Background. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical. Atrial fibrosis is a hallmark feature of atrial structural remodeling in AF, which is regulated by the TGF-β1/Smad3 pathway. Recent studies have implicated that miRNAs are involved in the process of AF. However, the regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs remain largely unknown. This study is aimed at investigating the function and regulatory network of miR-135a in AF. Methods. In vivo, the plasma was collected from patients with AF and non-AF subjects. Adult SD rats were induced by acetylcholine (ACh) (66 μg/ml)-CaCl2 (10 mg/ml) to establish an AF rat model. In vitro, atrial fibroblasts (AFs), isolated from adult SD rats, were treated with high-frequency electrical stimulation (HES) (12 h) and hypoxia (24 h) to mimic the AF and atrial fibrosis, respectively. miR-135a expression was detected through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The association between miR-135a and Smad3 was speculated by the TargetScan database and confirmed by the luciferase reporter assay. Fibrosis-related genes, Smad3, and TRPM7 were all assessed. Results. The expression of miR-135a was markedly decreased in the plasma of AF patients and AF rats, which was consistent with that in HES-treated and hypoxia-treated AFs. Smad3 was identified as a target of miR-135a. the downregulation of miR-135a was associated with the enhancement of Smad3/TRPM7 expressions in AFs. Additionally, the knockdown of Smad3 significantly reduced the expression of TRPM7 and further inhibited atrial fibrosis. Conclusions. Our study demonstrates that miR-135a regulates AF via Smad3/TRPM7, which is a potential therapeutic target for AF.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 09:35:00 +000
       
  • Cardioprotection of mAb2G4/ODN/lip on Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion
           Injury via Inhibiting the NF-κB Signaling Pathway

    • Abstract: Substantial evidence suggests that the interventions of NF-κB would likely effectively prevent inflammatory response and reduce myocardial damage in the ischemic myocardium. And the NF-кB decoy ODN is a specific inhibitor that suppresses the expression of NF-κB. Herein, we revealed the effect and possible mechanism of mAb2G4/ODN/lip on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MI/RI). As shown in the results, post-treatment with mAb2G4/ODN/lip improved the impaired histological morphology in the MI/RI model and elevated cell viability in the H/R model. The mAb2G4/ODN/lip complex inhibited the NLRP3 signaling pathway and decreased the expression of LDH, IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, and MDA. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that post-treatment with mAb2G4/ODN/lip exerted protective effects against I/R injuries by inhibiting the NF-кB-related inflammatory response. In summary, the present study may offer a novel therapeutic strategy for treating MI/RI.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Apr 2023 13:05:01 +000
       
  • Effect of Statins on Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients with
           Coronary Artery Spasm: A Meta-Analysis of the Asia Region

    • Abstract: Background. Whether statins can reduce major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE) in patients with coronary artery spasm (CAS) is controversial. And most of the relevant research to date has been conducted in Asia. Methods. We systematically searched electronic databases for studies on the effect of statins on MACE in patients with CAS in Asia and published up to September 2022. We included data on MACE in a statin therapy patient group and a no-statin therapy control group. We then evaluated the effect of statin therapy on MACE in patients with CAS in Asia by meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA). All statistical analyses were performed using Stata 16.0 software and TSA software. Results. A total of 10 studies ( patients) were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis showed that the use of statins had a significant effect on MACE in CAS patients (with RR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.49-0.99), and the sensitivity analysis further confirmed this finding. Subgroup analysis suggested that the correlation between statin therapy and reduced MACE endpoint was stronger in Japanese patients and patients followed up for more than 4 years. But our TSA results indicated that the available samples were insufficient and further research is needed. Conclusions. Our meta-analysis suggests that statin therapy can reduce MACE in patients with CAS in Asia, and the correlation between the two was stronger in Japanese patients and patients followed up for more than 4 years.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Apr 2023 11:05:01 +000
       
  • Efficacy of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Essential Hypertension: An
           Overview of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

    • Abstract: Background. Acupuncture is widely used in the clinical treatment of essential hypertension (EH). This overview is aimed at summarizing current systematic reviews of acupuncture for EH and assessing the methodological bias and quality of evidence. Methods. Two researchers searched and extracted 7 databases for systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) and independently assessed the methodological quality, risk of bias, reporting quality, and quality of evidence of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) included in the SRs/MAs. Tools used included the measurement tool to assess systematic reviews 2 (AMSTAR-2), the risk of bias in systematic (ROBIS) scale, the checklist of preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA), and the grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) system. Results. This overview included 14 SRs/MAs that use quantitative calculations to comprehensively assess the various effects of acupuncture in essential hypertension interventions. The methodological quality, reporting quality, risk of bias, and quality of evidence for outcome measures of SRs/MAs were all unsatisfactory. According to the results of the AMSTAR-2 assessment, all SRs/MAs were of low or very low quality. According to the results of the ROBIS evaluation, a few SRs/MAs were assessed as low risk of bias. According to the results of the PRISMA checklist assessment, SRs/MAs that were not fully reported on the checklist accounted for the majority. According to the GRADE system, 86 outcomes were assessed under different interventions in SRs/MAs, and 2 were rated as moderate-quality evidence, 23 as low-quality evidence, and 61 as very low-quality evidence. Limitations of the included SRs/MAs included the lack of necessary items, such as not being registered in the protocol, not providing a list of excluded studies, and not analyzing and addressing the risk of bias. Conclusion. Currently, acupuncture may be an effective and safe treatment for EH, but the quality of evidence is low, and caution should be exercised when applying this evidence in clinical practice.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Apr 2023 14:05:01 +000
       
 
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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 346)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 164)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 141)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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