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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 352)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 146)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Drug Discovery Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Pharmacy Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pharmacogenomics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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Journal Cover
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.147
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-0843 - ISSN (Online) 0344-5704
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • Impact of ALDH1A1 and NQO1 gene polymorphisms on the response and toxicity
           of chemotherapy in Bangladeshi breast cancer patients

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      Abstract: Purpose Cyclophosphamide, Epirubicin/Doxorubicin, 5-fluorouracil (CEF or CAF) chemotherapy has long been a standard first-line treatment for breast cancer. The genetic variations of enzymes that are responsible for the metabolism of these drugs have been linked to altered treatment response and toxicity. Two drug-metabolizing enzymes ALDH1A1 and NQO1 are critically involved in the pathways of CEF/CAF metabolism. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ALDH1A1 (rs13959) and NQO1 (rs1800566) polymorphisms on treatment response and toxicities caused by adjuvant (ACT) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) where CEF/CAF combination was used to treat Bangladeshi breast cancer patients. Methods A total of 330 patients were recruited from various hospitals, with 150 receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 180 receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. To extract genomic DNA, a non-enzymatic simple salting out approach was adopted. The polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used to detect genetic polymorphisms. Unconditional logistic regression was used to derive odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to study the association between genetic polymorphisms and clinical outcome and toxicity. Results A statistically significant association was observed between ALDH1A1 (rs13959) polymorphism and treatment response (TT vs. CC: aOR = 6.40, p = 0.007; recessive model: aOR = 6.38, p = 0.002; allele model: p = 0.032). Patients with the genotypes TT and CT + TT of the NQO1 (rs1800566) polymorphism had a significantly higher risk of toxicities such as anemia (aOR = 0.34, p = 0.006 and aOR = 0.58, p = 0.021), neutropenia (aOR = 0.42, p = 0.044 and aOR = 0.57, p = 0.027), leukopenia (aOR = 0.33, p = 0.010 and aOR = 0.46, p = 0.005), and gastrointestinal toxicity (aOR = 0.30, p = 0.02 and aOR = 0.38, p = 0.006) when compared to the wild CC genotype, while patients with the genotype CT had a significant association with gastrointestinal toxicity (aOR = 0.42, p = 0.02) and leukopenia (aOR = 0.52, p = 0.010). The TT and CT + TT genotypes of rs13959 had a significantly higher risk of anemia (aOR = 2.00, p = 0.037 and aOR = 1.68, p = 0.029). There was no significant association between rs1800566 polymorphism and treatment response. Conclusion Polymorphisms in ALDH1A1 (rs13959) and NQO1 (rs1800566) may be useful in predicting the probability of treatment response and adverse effects from CEF or CAF-based chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.
      PubDate: 2024-07-16
       
  • Systematic review: genetic polymorphisms in the pharmacokinetics of
           

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      Abstract: Abstract Variations in pharmacokinetic responses to high-dose methotrexate are essential for the prognosis and management of toxicity in the treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. This systematic review aimed to identify and evaluate genetic polymorphisms that are significantly associated with the pharmacokinetic parameters of methotrexate during the consolidation phase of pediatric ALL treatment. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews (PRISMA) guidelines, we systematically reviewed the literature from 2013 to 2023. The databases used were PubMed and Scopus. The outcomes of interest are the study design, patient characteristics, sample size, chemotherapy protocol utilized, pharmacokinetic parameters identified, and genetic polymorphisms implicated. We included 31 articles in the qualitative synthesis and found that the SLCO1B1, ABCB1, ABCC2, and MTHFR genes appear to play significant roles in MTX metabolism and clearance. Among these, variations in SLCO1B1 have the most significant and consistent impact on methotrexate clearance. These implicated variants may contribute to the precision and tailoring of HD-MTX treatment in pediatric ALL patients.
      PubDate: 2024-07-13
       
  • Ferroptosis – a potential feature underlying neratinib-induced
           colonic epithelial injury

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      Abstract: Purpose Neratinib, a small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that irreversibly binds to human epidermal growth factor receptors 1, 2 and 4 (HER1/2/4), is an approved extended adjuvant therapy for patients with HER2-amplified or -overexpressed (HER2-positive) breast cancers. Patients receiving neratinib may experience mild-to-severe symptoms of gut toxicity including abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Despite being a highly prevalent complication in gut health, the biological processes underlying neratinib-induced gut injury, especially in the colon, remains unclear. Methods Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and histology were integrated to study the effect of, and type of cell death induced by neratinib on colonic tissues collected from female Albino Wistar rats dosed with neratinib (50 mg/kg) daily for 28 days. Additionally, previously published bulk RNA-sequencing and CRISPR-screening datasets on human glioblastoma SF268 cell line and glioblastoma T895 xenograft, and mouse TBCP1 breast cancer cell line were leveraged to elucidate potential mechanisms of neratinib-induced cell death. Results The severity of colonic epithelial injury, especially degeneration of surface lining colonocytes and infiltration of immune cells, was more pronounced in the distal colon than the proximal colon. Sequencing showed that apoptotic gene signature was enriched in neratinib-treated SF268 cells while ferroptotic gene signature was enriched in neratinib-treated TBCP1 cells and T895 xenograft. However, we found that ferroptosis, but less likely apoptosis, was a potential histopathological feature underlying colonic injury in rats treated with neratinib. Conclusion Ferroptosis is a potential feature of neratinib-induced colonic injury and that targeting molecular machinery governing neratinib-induced ferroptosis may represent an attractive therapeutic approach to ameliorate symptoms of gut toxicity.
      PubDate: 2024-07-13
       
  • A joint model of longitudinal pharmacokinetic and time-to-event data to
           study exposure–response relationships: a proof-of-concept study with
           alectinib

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      Abstract: Purpose In exposure–response analyses of oral targeted anticancer agents, longitudinal plasma trough concentrations are often aggregated into a single value even though plasma trough concentrations can vary over time due to dose adaptations, for example. The aim of this study was to compare joint models to conventional exposure–response analyses methods with the application of alectinib as proof-of-concept. Methods Joint models combine longitudinal pharmacokinetic data and progression-free survival data to infer the dependency and association between the two datatypes. The results from the best joint model and the standard and time-dependent cox proportional hazards models were compared. To normalize the data, alectinib trough concentrations were normalized using a sigmoidal transformation to transformed trough concentrations (TTC) before entering the models. Results No statistically significant exposure–response relationship was observed in the different Cox models. In contrast, the joint model with the current value of TTC in combination with the average TTC over time did show an exposure–response relationship for alectinib. A one unit increase in the average TTC corresponded to an 11% reduction in progression (HR, 0.891; 95% confidence interval, 0.805–0.988). Conclusion Joint models are able to give insights in the association structure between plasma trough concentrations and survival outcomes that would otherwise not be possible using Cox models. Therefore, joint models should be used more often in exposure–response analyses of oral targeted anticancer agents.
      PubDate: 2024-07-11
       
  • Regorafenib plus FOLFIRINOX as first-line treatment for patients with
           RAS-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (FOLFIRINOX-R trial): a
           dose-escalation study

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      Abstract: Purpose The combination of bevacizumab and FOLFIRINOX is used in patients with RAS-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (RASm-mCRC). Regorafenib, an oral multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has antiangiogenic properties, cytostatic effects and also true cytotoxic effects, unlike bevacizumab. The aim of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of the regorafenib-FOLFIRINOX combination in patients with RASm-mCRC. Methods The FOLFIRINOX-R trial was a phase 1/2 study where the dose-escalation part (3 + 3 design with three dose levels, DLs) was completed before its early termination. FOLFIRINOX (14-day cycle) included oxaliplatin (standard dose), folinic acid, fluorouracil and irinotecan (150 or 180 mg/m²). Regorafenib (120 or 160 mg daily) was given from day 4 to day 10 of each cycle. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was studied in the first three cycles. Eligibility criteria included ECOG performance status ≤ 1 and not previously treated RASm-mCRC. Results Thirteen patients (median age: 65 years; min-max: 40–76) were enrolled. DLT could not be evaluated in one patient (DL3) due to poor observance. The median treatment duration and median follow-up were 6.2 (min-max: 2.3–10) and 13.4 (min-max: 3.8–18.0) months, respectively. Dose was modified in 12/13 (92%) patients. One grade 3 hypokalemia occurred at DL2. MTD was not reached at DL3. Grade 3 diarrhea was recorded in 7/13 patients (13 events) equally distributed in all DLs. Conclusion The RP2D for this regorafenib-FFX combination could not be determined due to a high prevalence of grade 3 diarrhea related to treatment as advised by our Independent Data Monitoring Committee. Trial registration numbers ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03828799.
      PubDate: 2024-07-10
       
  • Aclarubicin: contemporary insights into its mechanism of action, toxicity,
           pharmacokinetics, and clinical standing

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      Abstract: Abstract Aclarubicin (aclacinomycin A) is one of the anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotics with a multifaceted mechanism of antitumor activity. As a second-generation drug, it offers several advantages compared to standard anthracycline drugs such as doxorubicin or daunorubicin, which could position it as a potential blockbuster drug in antitumor therapy. Key mechanisms of action for aclarubicin include the inhibition of both types of topoisomerases, suppression of tumor invasion processes, generation of reactive oxygen species, inhibition of chymotrypsin-like activity, influence on cisplatin degradation, and inhibition of angiogenesis. Therefore, aclarubicin appears to be an ideal candidate for antitumor therapy. However, despite initial interest in its clinical applications, only a limited number of high-quality trials have been conducted thus far. Aclarubicin has primarily been evaluated as an induction therapy in acute myeloid and lymphoblastic leukemia. Studies have indicated that aclarubicin may hold significant promise for combination therapies with other anticancer drugs, although further research is needed to confirm its potential. This paper provides an in-depth exploration of aclarubicin’s diverse mechanisms of action, its pharmacokinetics, potential toxicity, and the clinical trials in which it has been investigated.
      PubDate: 2024-07-04
       
  • Impact of loperamide on the pharmacokinetics and tissue disposition of
           ritonavir-boosted oral docetaxel therapy; a preclinical assessment

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      Abstract: Purpose An oral docetaxel formulation boosted by the Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3 A inhibitor ritonavir, ModraDoc006/r, is currently under clinical investigation. Based on clinical data, the incidence of grade 1–2 diarrhea is increased with this oral docetaxel formulation compared to the conventional intravenous administration. Loperamide, a frequently used diarrhea inhibitor, could be added to the regimen as symptomatic treatment. However, loperamide is also a substrate of the CYP3A enzyme, which could result in competition between ritonavir and loperamide for this protein. Therefore, we were interested in the impact of coadministered loperamide on the pharmacokinetics of ritonavir-boosted oral docetaxel. Methods We administered loperamide simultaneously or with an 8-hour delay to humanized CYP3A4 mice (with expression in liver and intestine) receiving oral ritonavir and docetaxel. Concentrations of docetaxel, ritonavir, loperamide and two of its active metabolites were measured. Results The plasma exposure (AUC and Cmax) of docetaxel was not altered during loperamide treatment, nor were the ritonavir plasma pharmacokinetics. However, the hepatic and intestinal dispositions of ritonavir were somewhat changed in the simultaneous, but not 8-hour loperamide treatment groups, possibly due to loperamide-induced delayed drug absorption. The pharmacokinetics of loperamide itself did not seem to be influenced by ritonavir. Conclusion These results suggest that delayed loperamide administration can be added to ritonavir-boosted oral docetaxel treatment, without affecting the overall systemic exposure of docetaxel.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Vitamin D suppresses CD133+/CD44 + cancer stem cell stemness by
           inhibiting NF-κB signaling and reducing NLRP3 expression in
           triple-negative breast cancer

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      Abstract: Background and objective This study aims to investigate the role of Vitamin D (VD) in regulating the stemness and survival of CD133+/CD44 + breast cancer stem cells, and to explore the role of NLRP3 in this process. Methods Breast cancer tissues were collected for RXRα and VDR expression analysis. A triple-negative breast cancer cell line was cultured and stem-like cells (CD133 + CD44+) isolated using flow cytometry. These cells were treated with VD, analyzing their stem-like properties, apoptosis and proliferation, as well as P65 nuclear expression and NLRP3 expression. After NLRP3 inflammasome activator treatment, the parameters were reassessed. RXRα and VDR interaction was confirmed using co-immunoprecipitation (CoIP). Finally, a subcutaneous xenograft model of triple-negative breast cancer was treated with VD and subsequently analyzed for stem-like properties, proliferation, apoptosis, and NLRP3 expression levels. Results CD133+/CD44 + stem cells expressed high levels of SOX2 and OCT4. VD treatment resulted in a significant decrease in SOX2 and OCT4 expression, fewer sphere-forming colonies, lower proliferation ability, and more apoptosis. Additionally, VD treatment inhibited NF-κB signaling and reduced NLRP3 expression. The NLRP3 activator BMS-986,299 counteracted the effects of VD in vitro. In vivo, VD inhibited the growth of breast cancer stem cells, reducing both tumor volume and weight, and decreased NLRP3, SOX2, and OCT4 expression within tumor tissues. Conclusion Findings elucidate that VD mediates the modulation of stemness in CD133+/CD44 + breast cancer stem cells through the regulation of NLRP3 expression. The research represents novel insights on the implications for the application of VD in cancer therapies.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Phase I study of the anti-TIGIT antibody tiragolumab in combination with
           atezolizumab in Japanese patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors
           

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      Abstract: Purpose Tiragolumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to the inhibitory immune checkpoint TIGIT (T-cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains). In early phase clinical trials, tiragolumab in combination with the programmed death-ligand 1-inhibitor atezolizumab was well tolerated and has demonstrated preliminary anti-tumor activity in patients with advanced/metastatic solid tumors. We report the results of a phase I study of tiragolumab plus atezolizumab in Japanese patients (jRCT2080224926). Methods Japanese patients ≥ 20 years old received tiragolumab (600 mg) and atezolizumab (1200 mg) intravenously every 21 days until unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Primary endpoints were safety and pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of tiragolumab plus atezolizumab. Secondary endpoints were anti-tumor activity. Results Three patients were enrolled with diagnoses of non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, and cholangiocarcinoma. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed. Two patients experienced treatment-related adverse events (AEs) of any grade. There were no grade ≥ 3 AEs, serious AEs, AEs leading to discontinuation, modification or withdrawal of any study drug, or AEs leading to death. At cycle 1, mean PK parameters of tiragolumab were as follows: Cmax 217 μg/mL; Cmin 54.9 μg/mL; area under the concentration–time curve from 0 to the last measurable concentration, 2000 μg·day/mL; t1/2, 17.6 days. Best overall response was stable disease in two patients. Conclusion Tiragolumab plus atezolizumab was well tolerated in Japanese patients with advanced/metastatic solid tumors, and no differences in tiragolumab PK characteristics were noted between Japanese patients enrolled in this study, and non-Japanese patients enrolled in a global phase Ia/Ib study. These results may support the inclusion of Japanese patients in ongoing global phase III clinical trials. Trial registration number jRCT2080224926.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Predictive performance of population pharmacokinetic models of imatinib in
           chronic myeloid leukemia patients

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      Abstract: Background and aim Chronic myeloid leukemia is a myeloproliferative neoplasm associated with the specific chromosomal translocation known as the Philadelphia chromosome. Imatinib is a potent BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which is approved as the first line therapy for CML patients. There are various population pharmacokinetic studies available in the literature for this population. However, their use in other populations outside of their cohort for the model development has not been evaluated. This study was aimed to perform the predictive performance of the published population pharmacokinetic models for imatinib in CML population and propose a dosing nomogram. Methods A systematic review was conducted through PubMed, and WoS databases to identify PopPK models. Clinical data collected in adult CML patients treated with imatinib was used for evaluation of these models. Various prediction-based metrics were used for assessing the bias and precision of PopPK models using individual predictions. Results Eight imatinib PopPK model were selected for evaluating the model performance. A total of 145 plasma imatinib samples were collected from 43 adult patients diagnosed with CML and treated with imatinib. The PopPK model reported by Menon et al. had better performance than all other PopPK models. Conclusion Menon et al. model was able to predict well for our clinical data where it had the relative mean prediction error percentage ≤ 20%, relative median absolute prediction error ≤ 30% and relative root mean square error close to zero. Based on this final model, we proposed a dosing nomogram for various weight groups, which could potentially help to maintain the trough concentrations in the therapeutic range.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • UGT1A4 Polymorphism is not Associated with a Clinically Relevant Change in
           Giredestrant Exposure

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      Abstract: Purpose Giredestrant is a potent, orally bioavailable, small-molecule selective estrogen receptor antagonist and degrader (SERD) that is being developed for the treatment of patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. In vitro, giredestrant was primarily metabolized by UGT1A4. The goal of this study was to investigate if UGT1A4 polymorphism had a clinically relevant impact on giredestrant exposure. Methods Genotyping and pharmacokinetic data were obtained from 118 and 61 patients in two clinical studies, GO39932 [NCT03332797] and acelERA Breast Cancer [NCT04576455], respectively. Results The overall allelic frequencies of UGT1A4*2 and UGT1A4*3 were 3.3% and 11%, respectively. Giredestrant exposure was consistent between patients with wild-type UGT1A4 and UGT1A4*2 and *3 polymorphisms, with no clinically relevant difference observed. In addition, haplotype analysis indicated that no other UGT1A4 variants were significantly associated with giredestrant exposure. Conclusion Therefore, this study indicates that UGT1A4 polymorphism status is unlikely a clinically relevant factor to impact giredestrant exposure and giredestrant can be administered at the same dose level regardless of patients’ UGT1A4 polymorphism status.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Association of VEGFA and CCL4L2 polymorphisms with hand-foot skin reaction
           and survival of regorafenib in Japanese patients with colorectal cancer

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      Abstract: Purpose Treatment with regorafenib, which inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor, frequently results in hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR), requiring treatment discontinuation or dose reduction. In our prospective study of regorafenib on patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, 17% of patients developed grade 3 HFSR. Herein, we retrospectively examined genetic polymorphisms associated with regorafenib-induced severe HFSR. Methods To identify associated polymorphisms, exploratory whole-exome sequencing focusing on factors related to VEGF-mediated signaling pathways was first performed in seven patients each, with grade 3 HFSR and without HFSR. The identified HFSR-associated polymorphisms were analyzed in all the 40 patients. Results The genotype frequency of rs3025009 G/A or A/A in the gene encoding VEGF-A (VEGFA) in patients with ≥ grade 2 HFSR was significantly higher than in other patients (P = 0.0257, Pc = 0.0771 [Bonferroni correction]). The frequency of C–C motif of chemokine ligand 4-like 2 (CCL4L2) rs3744596 A/T or T/T in patients with grade 3 HFSR was significantly lower than in others (P = 0.00894, Pc = 0.0268). The combination of the risk genotypes VEGFA rs3025009 G/A or A/A and CCL4L2 rs3744596 A/A was significantly associated with a higher incidence of grade 3 (P = 0.000614, Pc = 0.00246) and a longer median progression-free survival (P = 0.0234) than others. Conclusions These VEGF-related polymorphisms were found to be associated with HFSR and the survival benefits of regorafenib treatment. Trial registration number and date UMIN000013939, registered on May 12, 2014, when 6 months after the approval by the Institutional Review Board of Showa University.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Exploring the effect of BRCA1/2 status on chemotherapy-induced hematologic
           toxicity in patients with ovarian cancer

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      Abstract: Objective BRCA1/2 are integral to the DNA repair mechanism and their germline pathogenic variants (gBRCA) result in a high risk for developing breast and ovarian cancer. Patients with gBRCA mutations showed increased sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agent but might have increased treatment-related toxicities. Thus, we hypothesized that gBRCA mutation ovarian cancer patients who underwent platinum-based chemotherapy might be at higher risk of developing chemotherapy-induced hematologic toxicity. Methods This study enrolled 160 patients with ovarian cancer who received frontline platinum-based chemotherapy between 2011 and 2019 in Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital. Incidence rate and severity of chemotherapy-induced hematologic toxicity (neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia) was compared for BRCA mutation and wild patients. Results 160 women, including 62 BRCA1/2 (38 BRCA1, and 25 BRCA2) mutation group, and 98 noncarriers, were analyzed. A higher frequency of G2 anemia was noted in the BRCA -mutant group (22% vs. 1%, p = 0.07). Furthermore, G3 anemia was significantly common among BRCA group (12.9% vs. 3%, p = 0.02). In the subgroup analysis according to BRCA1/2 status, BRCA1 mutated patients showed a significantly higher frequency of G1 anemia than BRCA2 (89% vs. 60%, p = 0.01). In terms of neutropenia and thrombocytopenia, BRCA mutated patients and noncarriers had similar hematologic toxicity. Conclusion Germline BRCA mutations were associated with a higher frequency of G2/3 anemia in ovarian cancer patients who underwent first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Moreover, the BRCA1 mutation appeared to be more strongly associated with the incidence of chemotherapy-induced anemia. Our findings warrant further investigation in larger, prospective studies to confirm these current findings and determine whether preventive interventions may be necessary.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Impact of bariatric surgery on oral anticancer drugs: an analysis of
           real-world data

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      Abstract: Purpose The number of patients with bariatric surgery who receive oral anticancer drugs is rising. Bariatric surgery may affect the absorption of oral anticancer drugs. Strikingly, no specific drug dosing recommendations are available. We aim to provide practical recommendations on the application of oral anticancer drugs in patients who underwent bariatric surgery. Methods Patients with any kind of bariatric surgery were extracted retrospectively in a comprehensive cancer center. In addition, a flowchart was proposed to assess the risk of inadequate exposure to oral anticancer drugs in patients who underwent bariatric surgery. Subsequently, the flowchart was evaluated retrospectively using routine Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) samples. Results In our analysis, 571 cancer patients (0.4% of 140.000 treated or referred patients) had previous bariatric surgery. Of these patients, 78 unique patients received 152 oral anticancer drugs equaling an overall number of 30 unique drugs. The 30 different prescribed oral anticancer drugs were categorized as low risk (13%), medium risk (67%), and high risk (20%) of underdosing. TDM plasma samples of 25 patients (82 samples) were available, of which 21 samples post-bariatric surgery (25%) were below the target value. Conclusions The proposed flowchart can support optimizing the treatment with orally administered anticancer drugs in patients who underwent bariatric surgery. We recommend performing TDM in drugs that belong to BCS classes II, III, or IV. If more risk factors are present in BCS classes II or IV, a priori switches to other drugs may be advised. In specific cases, higher dosages can be provided from the start (e.g., tamoxifen).
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Phase 2 study of glucarpidase in patients with delayed methotrexate
           elimination after high-dose methotrexate therapy

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      Abstract: Purpose High-dose methotrexate therapy (HD-MTX) is a standard treatment for various malignant tumors, but approximately 1–10% of patients experience delayed MTX elimination (DME) that can induce organ damage. Glucarpidase can hydrolyze MTX and thereby lower the level of active MTX in the blood. A multicenter, open-label, phase II investigator-initiated trial (CPG2-PII study) was conducted to evaluate glucarpidase rescue therapy in Japanese patients who showed DME after HD-MTX treatment. To confirm the robustness of this therapy, further corporate-sponsored clinical trial (OP-07-001 study) was conducted. Methods The primary endpoint in the CPG2-PII study was to evaluate the proportion of patients of the percentage clinical important reduction (CIR) as an indicator of MTX concentration, which can be managed with leucovorin and supportive care. The primary endpoint of the OP-07-001 study was to evaluate the decreasing rate of plasma MTX concentration at 20 min after glucarpidase administration from the baseline for four patients. Glucarpidase was administered at a dose of 50 U/kg for 15 and 4 patients, respectively in the two studies, and safety was analyzed for each of them. Results The rate of CIR was 76.9% (95% confidence interval, 46.2–95.0%) in the CPG2-PII study. The median reduction rate of plasma MTX was 98.83% in the OP-07-001 study. Hypersensitivity, blood bilirubin increased, and headache for each patient were the only study drug-related events. Conclusion Glucarpidase showed an effect of reducing plasma MTX concentration in Japanese patients with DME as that observed in a previous US study, confirming its favorable safety and tolerability.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Phase I pharmacokinetic, safety, and preliminary efficacy study of
           tiragolumab in combination with atezolizumab in Chinese patients with
           advanced solid tumors

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      Abstract: Purpose Tiragolumab is an immunoglobulin G1 monoclonal antibody targeting the immune checkpoint T cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor ITIM domains. Targeting multiple immune pathways may improve anti-tumor responses. The phase I YP42514 study assessed the pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and preliminary efficacy of tiragolumab plus atezolizumab in Chinese patients with advanced solid tumors. Methods Adult patients from mainland China with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score 0/1, life expectancy of ≥ 12 weeks, and adequate hematologic/end organ function were eligible. Patients received tiragolumab 600 mg and atezolizumab 1200 mg intravenous every 3 weeks. Key endpoints were PK (serum concentrations of tiragolumab and atezolizumab) and safety. Results from this study were compared with the global phase I study, GO30103 (NCT02794571). Results In this study, 20 patients received a median of five doses of tiragolumab plus atezolizumab. Median age was 57.5 years, 85.0% of patients were male and the most common tumor type was non-small cell lung cancer. Exposures in Chinese patients were comparable to the global GO30103 population: geometric mean ratio was 1.07 for Cycle 1 tiragolumab area under the concentration–time curve0–21 and 0.92 and 0.93 for Cycle 1 peak and trough atezolizumab exposure, respectively. Treatment-related adverse events were consistent across the Chinese and global populations. Two patients (10.0%) in this study achieved a partial response. Conclusion In this study, tiragolumab plus atezolizumab was tolerable and demonstrated preliminary anti-tumor activity. There were no meaningful differences in the PK or safety of tiragolumab plus atezolizumab between the Chinese and global populations. Clinical trial registration number: China Clinical Trial Registry Identifier CTR20210219/YP42514. Date of registration 16 March 2021.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • A sub-pharmacological test dose does not predict individual docetaxel
           exposure in prostate cancer patients

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      Abstract: Purpose Docetaxel is a cytotoxic drug used for first-line treatment of various malignancies. It has a narrow therapeutic index and shows wide interpatient variability in clearance and toxicity. Tools for individual dose optimization are needed to maximize efficacy and avoid toxicity. Methods We performed a proof-of-concept study (EudraCT 2016-003785-77) to evaluate whether pharmacokinetics after a sub-pharmacological test dose of 1000 µg docetaxel (millidose) could be used to predict therapeutic dose exposure. Thirty prostate cancer patients eligible for treatment with docetaxel as part of routine clinical care were included. An intravenous docetaxel millidose was administered 1–7 days prior to therapeutic docetaxel. After both doses plasma docetaxel concentrations were measured by ultra- high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The docetaxel clearance was estimated with non-linear mixed effects modeling. Results Geometric mean docetaxel clearance was 57.9 L/h (GCV 78.6%) after admission of a millidose and 40.3 L/h (GCV 60.7%) after admission of a therapeutic dose. The millidose and therapeutic dose in a single patient were not significantly correlated (Spearman’s rho R = 0.02, P = 0.92). Conclusion Docetaxel pharmacokinetics at milli- and therapeutic dose level showed insufficient correlation for individual dose optimization. However, the clearance of a docetaxel millidose and full dose are within the same order of magnitude. Therefore, docetaxel millidose pharmacokinetics could potentially facilitate prediction of docetaxel pharmacokinetics at a population level in situations where therapeutic dose levels are impractical, such as pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction studies or pediatric studies.
      PubDate: 2024-06-29
       
  • Quantitative characterization of the effects of fulvestrant alone or in
           combination with taselisib (PI3Kinase inhibitor) on longitudinal tumor
           growth in patients with estrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative,
           PIK3CA-mutant, advanced or metastatic breast cancer

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      Abstract: Purpose Among cases of breast cancer, estrogen receptor-positive (ER +), PIK3CA-mutant, HER2- advanced breast cancer stands as a particularly complex clinical indication where approximately 40% of ER + /HER2- breast carcinomas present mutations in the PIK3CA gene. A significant hurdle in treating ER + breast cancer lies in surmounting the challenges of endocrine resistance. In the clinical setting, a multifaceted approach is essential for this indication, one that not only explores the effectiveness of individual treatments but also delves into the potential gains in therapeutic outcome from combination therapies. Methods In the current study, longitudinal tumor growth inhibition (TGI) models were developed to characterize tumor response over time in postmenopausal women with ER + /HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer undergoing treatment with fulvestrant alone or in combination with the PI3K inhibitor, taselisib. Impact of clinically relevant covariates on TGI metrics was assessed to identify patient subsets most likely to benefit from treatment with fulvestrant monotherapy or combination with taselisib. Results Tumor growth rate constant (Kg) was found to increase with increasing baseline tumor size and in the absence of baseline endocrine sensitivity. Further, Kg decreased in the absence of baseline liver metastases both in fulvestrant monotherapy and combination therapy with taselisib. Overall, additive/potentially synergistic anti-tumor effects were observed in patients treated with the taselisib-fulvestrant combination. Conclusion These results have important implications for understanding the therapeutic impact of combination treatment approaches and individualized responses to these treatments. Finally, this work, emphasizes the importance of model informed drug development for targeted cancer therapy. Clinical trial registration NCT02340221 Registered January 16, 2015, NCT01296555 Registered February 14, 2011.
      PubDate: 2024-06-27
       
  • Role of renin angiotensin system inhibitors and metformin in Glioblastoma
           Therapy: a review

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      Abstract: Abstract Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive and incurable disease accounting for about 10,000 deaths in the USA each year. Despite the current treatment approach which includes surgery with chemotherapy and radiation therapy, there remains a high prevalence of recurrence. Notable improvements have been observed in persons receiving concurrent antihypertensive drugs such as renin angiotensin inhibitors (RAS) or the antidiabetic drug metformin with standard therapy. Anti-tumoral effects of RAS inhibitors and metformin have been observed in in vitro and in vivo studies. Although clinical trials have shown mixed results, the potential for the use of RAS inhibitors and metformin as adjuvant GBM therapy remains promising. Nevertheless, evidence suggest that these drugs exert multimodal antitumor actions; by particularly targeting several cancer hallmarks. In this review, we highlight the results of clinical studies using multidrug cocktails containing RAS inhibitors and or metformin added to standard therapy for GBM. In addition, we highlight the possible molecular mechanisms by which these repurposed drugs with an excellent safety profile might elicit their anti-tumoral effects. RAS inhibition elicits anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, and immune sensitivity effects in GBM. However, metformin promotes anti-migratory, anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects mainly through the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase. Also, we discussed metformin’s potential in targeting both GBM cells as well as GBM associated-stem cells. Finally, we summarize a few drug interactions that may cause an additive or antagonistic effect that may lead to adverse effects and influence treatment outcome.
      PubDate: 2024-06-25
       
  • Immunoregulatory cyclophilin a improves low-dose chemotherapy with a
           modulation of the immune tumor microenvironment in experimental models of
           melanoma B16 and lymphoma EL4 in vivo

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      Abstract: Purpose Different regimens of low-dose chemotherapy (LDC) are currently being actively developed and introduced into clinical practice. Along with its obvious advantages compared to conventional chemotherapy (low toxicity, prevention of drug resistance), LDC could also stimulate anti-tumor immune responses in a patient by activating effectors of innate and adaptive immunity and diminishing tumor-associated immunosuppression. As non-myeloablative, LDC could be successfully combined with different anti-cancer immunotherapeutic strategies, including immunoregulatory cytokines. Secreted cyclophilin A (CypA) is of particular interest in this respect. Previously, we showed that recombinant human CypA (rhCypA) had pleiotropic immunostimulatory activity and anti-tumor effects. Thus, rhCypA could be potentially proposed as a perspective component of combined therapy with LDC. Methods In this work, we evaluated the anti-tumor effects of rhCypA combined with low doses of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, dacarbazine, and paclitaxel in the experimental mouse tumor models of melanoma B16 and lymphoma EL4 in vivo. Results Synergic and potentiating effects of rhCypA combined with LDC were shown in these studies. Furthermore, as a monotherapeutic agent and a component of combined chemoimmunotherapy, rhCypA was shown to modulate the immune tumor microenvironment by enhancing tumor infiltration with macrophages, NK cells, and T cells. It was also found that rhCypA stimulated both systemic and local anti-tumor immune responses. Conclusion RhCypA could be potentially proposed as a perspective component of the combined cancer chemoimmunotherapy.
      PubDate: 2024-06-24
       
 
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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 352)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 146)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Drug Discovery Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Pharmacy Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pharmacogenomics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal  
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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