A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  First | 1 2 3        [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 401 - 253 of 253 Journals sorted alphabetically
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Molecular Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molekul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural Product Communications     Open Access  
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 317)
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Neuropsychopharmacology Reports     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Drug Design & Delivery     Open Access  
OA Medical Hypothesis     Open Access  
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Open Pharmacoeconomics & Health Economics Journal     Open Access  
Open Pharmacology Journal     Open Access  
OpenNano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orbital - The Electronic Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pain and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Pediatric Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pediatric Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Care-La Farmacoterapia     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Pharmaceutical Executive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Pharmaceutical Fronts     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Pharmaceutical Historian     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Journal     Free   (Followers: 8)
Pharmaceutical Journal of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmaceutical Patent Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Pharmaceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pharmacia     Open Access  
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
PharmacoEconomics German Research Articles     Full-text available via subscription  
PharmacoEconomics Spanish Research Articles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacogenomics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pharmacognosy Communications     Partially Free  
Pharmacognosy Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacognosy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacological Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Research - Modern Chinese Medicine     Open Access  
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacology & Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Research & Perspectives     Open Access  
Pharmacon : Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia     Open Access  
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacotherapy The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Pharmactuel     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pharmacy & Pharmacology     Open Access  
Pharmacy Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Pharmacy Practice (Internet)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Pharmakon : Arzneimittel in Wissenschaft und Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PharmaTutor     Open Access  
Pharmazeutische Industrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Pharmazeutische Zeitung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Pharmazie in Unserer Zeit (Pharmuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Plant Products Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica International Open     Open Access  
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
PZ Prisma : Materialien zur Fort- und Weiterbildung     Full-text available via subscription  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Drug Design & Discovery     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmaceutical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmacognosy     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy     Open Access  
Research Results in Pharmacology     Open Access  
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Reviews on Clinical Pharmacology and Drug Therapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico-Farmacéuticas     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ciências Farmacêuticas Básica e Aplicada     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Farmaceuticas     Open Access  
Revue de Médecine et de Pharmacie     Full-text available via subscription  
Safety and Risk of Pharmacotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Scientia Pharmaceutica     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Separation Science plus (SSC plus)     Hybrid Journal  
Side Effects of Drugs Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Substance Abuse : Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Suchttherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
SynOpen     Open Access  
The Botulinum J.     Hybrid Journal  
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Medical Letter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
The Pink Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
The Pink Sheet Daily     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Thérapie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
TheScientist     Free   (Followers: 6)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological Research     Hybrid Journal  
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Toxicology Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Toxicon : X     Open Access  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Translational Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Trends in Peptide and Protein Sciences     Open Access  
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research     Open Access  
Ukrainian Biopharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
World Mycotoxin Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Yakugaku Zasshi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Phytotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Актуальні питання фармацевтичної та медичної науки та практики     Open Access  
Фармацевтичний часопис     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3        [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.836
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0028-1298 - ISSN (Online) 1432-1912
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Diuretics: a contemporary pharmacological classification'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Diuretics are drugs that increase the flow of urine. They are commonly used to treat edema, hypertension, and heart failure. Typically, the pharmacological group consists of five classes: thiazide diuretics, loop diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics, osmotic diuretics, and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. This traditional classification and the nomenclature of diuretics have not changed over the last decades, which means that it was not adapted to current pharmacological research. Modern approaches in the field of pharmacological nomenclature suggest the introduction of mechanism-based drug class designations, which is not yet reflected in the group of diuretics. Moreover, included drug classes have lost their relevance as diuretic agents. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, for example, are mainly used in the treatment of glaucoma. Newer agents such as vasopressin-2 receptor antagonists or SGLT2 inhibitors possess diuretic properties but are not included in the pharmacological group. This review discusses the currentness of the pharmacological classification of diuretics. We elaborate changes in the field of nomenclature, the contemporary medical use of classical diuretics, and new diuretic agents.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Magnolol prevented brain injury through the modulation of Nrf2-dependent
           oxidative stress and apoptosis in PLP-induced mouse model of multiple
           sclerosis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of magnolol in an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of MS in female mice. Magnolol (0.1, 1, and 10 mg/kg) was administered once daily for 21 days after immunization of mice. Magnolol post-immunization treatment significantly reversed clinical scoring, EAE-associated pain parameters, and motor dysfunction in a dose-dependent manner. Magnolol treatment significantly inhibited oxidative stress by reducing malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO) production, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity while enhancing the level of antioxidants such as reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), catalase, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the brain and spinal cord. It reduced cytokine levels in the brain and spinal cord. It suppressed CD8+ T cells frequency in the spleen tissue. Magnolol remarkably reversed the EAE-associated histopathology of the brain and spinal cord tissue. Magnolol significantly intensifies the antioxidant defense system by enhancing the expression level of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) while decreasing the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cleaved-caspase-3 in the brain. Molecular docking results showed that magnolol possesses a better binding affinity for Nrf2, iNOS, and caspase-3 proteins. Taken together, the present study demonstrated that magnolol has significant neuroprotective properties in EAE via inhibition of oxidative stress.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Antilipidemic ezetimibe induces regression of endometriotic explants in a
           rat model of endometriosis with its anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic
           effects

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract To assess the potential therapeutic role of antilipidemic ezetimibe on endometriosis in an experimental rat model. A standard experimental endometriosis model was created with 18 Whistar-Albino rats, and after 1 month, the sizes of the endometriotic explants were measured. The rats were randomized as study and control groups. A total of 1 mg/kg/day ezetimibe and 1 ml/kg/day saline were administered orally to the study and control groups respectively for 28 days. At the end of 28 days, the explants were measured again, excised, and sent for histopathologic assessment for expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and number of mast cells. At the end of the study period, the size of the endometriotic explants decreased significantly in the study group; but not in the control group (from 145.3 ± 120.5 to 89.8 ± 60.1 vs 174.72 ± 88.3 to 87.65 ± 27.1 cm3 respectively); however, the amount of post- and pretreatment differences in explant sizes was similar in the groups. The median TNF-α and VEGF levels were significantly lower in the ezetimibe group when compared to the control group (4 [3–4] vs 2 [1–3], p 0.029; 4 [3–4] vs 2 [2–3], p 0.002; respectively). And numbers of mast cells in all uterine layers were also lower in the ezetimibe group. Ezetimibe decreased the size of the endometriotic explants with its anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic properties. This agent alone or with combination of other agents may have a potential role in the treatment of endometriosis.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Antitumor activity and molecular mechanism of proprotein convertase
           subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibition

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a member of the proprotein convertase family of proteins that activate other proteins in cells. Functionally, PCSK9 binds to the receptor of low-density lipoprotein particles (LDL) to regulate cholesterol metabolism and lipoprotein homeostasis in human body. PCSK9 inhibition is a novel pharmacological strategy to control hypercholesterolemia and cardiovascular diseases. Recently accumulating evidence realizes that PCSK9 possesses other roles in cells, such as regulation of tissue inflammatory response, intratumoral immune cell infiltration, and tumor progression. This review discussed the advancement of PCSK9 research on its role and underlying mechanisms in tumor development and progression. For example, PCSK9 inhibition could attenuate progression of breast cancer, glioma, colon tumor, hepatocellular cancer, prostate cancer, and lung adenocarcinoma and promote apoptosis of glioma, prostate cancer, and hepatocellular cancer cells. PCSK9 deficiency could reduce liver metastasis of B16F1 melanoma cells by lowering the circulating cholesterol levels. PCSK9 gene knockdown substantially attenuated mouse tumor growth in vivo by activation of cytotoxic T cells, although PCSK9 knockdown had no effect on morphology and growth rate of different mouse cancer cell lines in vitro. PCSK9 inhibition thus can be used to control human cancers. Future preclinical and clinical studies are warranted to define anti-tumor activity of PCSK9 inhibition.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Baccharin from Brazilian green propolis induces neurotrophic signaling
           pathways in PC12 cells: potential for axonal and synaptic regeneration

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by progressive loss of the structure and function of specific neuronal populations, and have been associated with reduced neurotrophic support. Neurotrophins, like NGF (nerve growth factor), are endogenous proteins that induce neuritogenesis and modulate axonal growth, branching, and synapsis; however, their therapeutic application is limited mainly by low stability, short half-life, and inability to cross the blood–brain barrier (BBB). Small neurotrophic molecules that have suitable pharmacokinetics and are able to cross the BBB are potential candidates for neuroprotection. Baccharin is a bioactive small molecule isolated from Brazilian green propolis. In the present study, we investigated the neurotrophic and neuroprotective potential of baccharin in the PC12 cell neuronal model. We used pharmacological inhibitors (K252a, LY294002, and U0126), and ELISA (phospho-trkA, phospho-Akt, and phospho-MEK) to investigate the involvement of trkA receptor, PI3k/Akt pathway, and MAPK/Erk pathway, respectively. Additionally, we evaluated the expression of axonal (GAP-43) and synaptic (synapsin I) proteins by western blot. The results showed that baccharin induces neuritogenesis in NGF-deprived PC12 cells, through activation of trkA receptor and the downstream signaling cascades (PI3K/Akt and MAPK/ERK), which is the same neurotrophic pathway activated by NGF in PC12 cells and neurons. Baccharin also induced the expression of GAP-43 and synapsin I, which mediate axonal and synaptic plasticity, respectively. Additionally, in silico predictions of baccharin showed favorable physicochemical properties, pharmacokinetics, drug-likeness, and medicinal chemistry friendliness. Altogether, these findings suggest that baccharin is a promising neurotrophic agent whose therapeutic application in neurodegeneration should be further investigated.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • St. Johnʼs wort (Hypericum perforatum) and depression: what happens to
           the neurotransmitter systems'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract St. Johnʼs wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a herbaceous plant containing many bioactive molecules including naphthodianthrones, phloroglucinol derivatives, flavonoids, bioflavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and chlorogenic acid. Evidence has shown the therapeutic effects of St. Johnʼs wort and especially its two major active components, hyperforin and hypericin, on different psychiatric and mood disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), and anxiety disorders. St. Johnʼs wort also induces antidepressant effects. In this review study, we aimed to discuss the role of St. Johnʼs wort in modulating depression, with respect to the role of different neurotransmitter systems in the brain. We discussed changes in the neurotransmitter levels in depression, and following use of St. Johnʼs wort. It was concluded that changes in the function and level of neurotransmitters in depression are complex. Also, St. Johnʼs wort can induce inconsistent effects on neurotransmitter levels. We also found that glutamate and acetylcholine may be the most important neurotransmitters to study in future works, because the function of both neurotransmitters in depression is unclear. In addition, St. Johnʼs wort induces a dualistic modulation on the activity of cholinergic signaling, which can be an interesting topic for future studies.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Estrogenic impregnation alters pain expression: analysis through
           functional neuropeptidomics in a surgical rat model of osteoarthritis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose Several observational studies suggest that estrogens could bias pain perception. To evaluate the influence of estrogenic impregnation on pain expression, a prospective, randomized, controlled, blinded study was conducted in a Sprague–Dawley rat model of surgically induced osteoarthritis (OA). Methods Female rats were ovariectomized and pre-emptive 17β-estradiol (0.025 mg, 90-day release time) or placebo pellets were installed subcutaneously during the OVX procedures. Thirty-five days after, OA was surgically induced on both 17β-estradiol (OA-E) and placebo (OA-P) groups. Mechanical hypersensitivity was assessed by static weight-bearing (SWB) and paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) tests. Mass spectrometry coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC–MS) was performed to quantify the spinal pronociceptive neuropeptides substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), bradykinin (BK), somatostatin (SST), and dynorphin-A (Dyn-A). Results Compared to control, ovariectomized rats presented higher SP (P = 0.009) and CGRP (P = 0.017) concentrations. OA induction increased the spinal level of SP (+ 33%, P < 0.020) and decreased the release of BK (− 20%, (P < 0.037)). The OA-E rats at functional assessment put more % body weight on the affected hind limb than OA-P rats at D7 (P = 0.027) and D56 (P = 0.033), and showed higher PWT at D56 (P = 0.009), suggesting an analgesic and anti-allodynic effect of 17β-estradiol. Interestingly, the 17β-estradiol treatment counteracted the increase of spinal concentration of Dyn-A (P < 0.016) and CGRP (P < 0.018). Conclusion These results clearly indicate that 17β-estradiol interfers with the development of central sensitization and confirm that gender dimorphism should be considered when looking at pain evaluation.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • The renoprotective effects of gallic acid on cisplatin-induced
           nephrotoxicity through anti-apoptosis, anti-inflammatory effects, and
           downregulation of lncRNA TUG1

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Cisplatin, an antineoplastic drug used in cancer therapy, -induced nephrotoxicity mediated by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Gallic acid (GA) is identified as an antioxidant substance with free radical scavenging properties. This research was designed to examine the ameliorative impact of GA caused by cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity through apoptosis and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) expression. Thirty-two male Sprague Dawley rats (200 − 220 g) were randomly allocated to four groups: (1) control group; (2) rats treated with cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg, i.p.) on the fourth day; and the two other groups include rats pretreated with GA (20 and 40 mg/kg by gavage) for s7 days and cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg, i.p.) at the fourth day. The rats were anesthetized and sacrificed for collecting samples, 72 h after cisplatin administration. The blood samples were used to investigate biochemical factors and kidney tissue was evaluated for measuring oxidative stress and inflammatory factors and the gene expression of molecular parameters. The results indicated that GA administration increased the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) mRNA and lncRNA TUG1 expression, and reduced Bcl-2-associated x protein (Bax), and caspase-3 expression. Likewise, the TAC level increased, and kidney MDA content decreased by administration of GA. GA also decreased the inflammatory factor levels, including IL-1β and TNF-α. Moreover, GA led to the improvement of kidney dysfunction as evidenced by reducing plasma BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and Cr (creatinine). Taken together, GA could protect the kidney against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity through antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptosis properties and reduction of lncRNA TUG1 expression.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • COVID-19 pandemic–related adaptations of medical education in clinical
           pharmacology — impact on students and lecturers at a German university

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract In medical studies, pharmacology is a subject with a high teaching and study load. The COVID-19 pandemic–related switch to distance learning implies challenges for students and teachers. To identify changes of behavior, attitudes, and needs among students and teachers in clinical pharmacology during the pandemic, regular surveys were conducted at Ulm University, Germany. Overall, 884 students and 5 teachers answered the survey. Over time, students’ usage of learning materials in print form and further literature (textbooks, guidelines) constantly decreased. In turn, most students used digital materials provided via a learning management system. Attitudes and opinions of students and teachers significantly differed regarding (i) the benefit of certain teaching formats and learning materials, (ii) open-mindedness towards e-learning, and (iii) future visions. Most students and lecturers stated that they spent more time on study or teaching-related activities, respectively, and had less contact with fellow students or colleagues in comparison to pre-pandemic times. Furthermore, the subjective teaching load for most lecturers (80%) increased during the pandemic. To identify determinants of learning success, the survey data were correlated with students’ gradings in the written exams of clinical pharmacology. In the first online semester (summer term 2020), the use of paper-based learning scripts was correlated with better exam grades. No correlation with grade was found for any other learning materials. Age was inversely correlated with exam grading. Striking a balance between the future visions and needs of students and teachers implies a particular challenge for the educational system of the next years.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Sesquiterpene from Polygonum barbatum disrupts mitochondrial membrane
           potential to induce apoptosis and inhibits metastasis by downregulating
           matrix metalloproteinase and osteopontin in NCI-H460 cells

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Globally, lung cancer accounts for 18% of cancer-associated mortalities. Among the subtypes, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most prevalent. The increased resistance and poor survival rates signify disease aggressiveness and thus require a search for an alternative anticancer molecule. Earlier, the isolated sesquiterpene, i.e., compound 3 ((E)-methyl 6-acetoxy-7-methoxy-1-(2-methylpropylidene)-1H-indene-3-carboxylate) from Polygonum barbatum, was isolated, characterized by us, and reported for preliminary anticancer activity. Therefore, based on these results, this study was designed to explore the underlying molecular mechanism of apoptosis and metastasis against NCI-H460 cells. The molecular mechanism of compound 3 inducing apoptosis and inhibiting metastasis was elucidated by analyzing mitochondrial membrane potential, DNA fragmentation, clonogenic assay, invasion assay, and expression of apoptotic (caspases 3, 6, 8, 9, and BAK) and metastatic markers (MMP 2, MMP 9, and osteopontin). Compound 3 significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis via the intrinsic route, i.e., the mitochondrial pathway, by disrupting mitochondrial membrane potential. The enhanced expression of caspases 6, 9, BAK, and HRK with downregulation of Bcl-2L1 and Ki67 further confirmed the involvement of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Moreover, compound 3 restricted the invasive nature of NCI-H460 cells evinced by reduced cell invasion in Boyden chamber invasion assay and downregulating the expression of metastatic markers, i.e., matrix metalloproteinase 2/9 and VEGF. It was also found to block osteopontin by negatively regulating its expression, a marker protein in cancer management. Conclusively, this sesquiterpene exhibited potent anticancer and antimetastatic activity and can be explored further as possible pharmacophores.
      PubDate: 2022-05-23
       
  • A review of basic to clinical studies of the association between
           hyperammonemia, methamphetamine

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Methamphetamine (METH), an addictive psychostimulant drug, is the second most widely used type of drug all around the world. METH abusers are more likely to develop a psycho-neurological complication. Hyperammonemia (HAM) causes neuropsychiatric illnesses such as mental state changes and episodes of acute encephalopathy. Recently, there are some shreds of evidence about the relationship between METH complication and HAM. Both METH intoxication and HAM could induce psychosis, agitation, memory impairment, and psycho-neuronal disorders. They also have similar mechanisms of neuronal damages, such as excitotoxicity, oxidative stress, mitochondrial impairments, and inflammation responses, which can subsequently increase the glutamate level of the brain. Hence, the basic to clinical studies of the association between HAM and METH are reviewed by monitoring six case studies and a good body of animal studies literature. All instances of METH-associated HAM had changes in mental state and some level of confusion that were improved when the ammonia serum level returned to the normal level. Furthermore, most of them had typical vital signs. Several studies suggested some sources for METH-associated HAM, including METH-induced liver and renal damages, muscular hyperactivity, gut bacterial overgrowth, co-abuse of other substances, and using some forms of NH3 in METH cooking. In conclusion, it seems that mental status changes in METH abusers may be related to ammonia intoxication or HAM; therefore, it is important to assess the serum level of ammonia in METH intoxicated patients and resolve it. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-05-23
       
  • The protective effect of chemical and natural compounds against
           vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN)

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Vincristine, an alkaloid extracted from Catharanthus rosea, is a class of chemotherapy drugs that act by altering the function of the microtubules and by inhibiting mitosis. Despite its widespread application, a major adverse effect of vincristine that limits treatment duration is the occurrence of peripheral neuropathy (PN). PN presents with several symptoms including numbness, painful sensation, tingling, and muscle weakness. Vincristine-induced PN involves impaired calcium homeostasis, an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the upregulation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) expression. Several potential approaches to attenuate the vincristine-induced PN including the concomitant administration of chemicals with vincristine have been reported. These chemicals have a variety of pharmaceutical properties including anti-inflammation, antioxidant, and inhibition of calcium channels and calcineurin signaling pathways and increased expression of nerve growth factor (NGF). This review summarized several of these compounds and the mechanisms of action that could lead to effective options in improving vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN).
      PubDate: 2022-05-14
       
  • Established and emerging treatments for diabetes-associated lower urinary
           tract dysfunction

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Dysfunction of the lower urinary tract (LUT) including urinary bladder and urethra (and prostate in men) is one of the most frequent complications of diabetes and can manifest as overactive bladder, underactive bladder, urinary incontinence, and as aggravated symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia. We have performed a selective literature search to review existing evidence on efficacy of classic medications for the treatment of LUT dysfunction in diabetic patients and animals, i.e., α1-adrenoceptor and muscarinic receptor antagonists, β3-adrenoceptor agonists, and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. Generally, these agents appear to have comparable efficacy in patients and/or animals with and without diabetes. We also review effects of antidiabetic medications on LUT function. Such studies have largely been performed in animal models. In the streptozotocin-induced models of type 1 diabetes, insulin can prevent and reverse alterations of morphology, function, and gene expression patterns in bladder and prostate. Typical medications for the treatment of type 2 diabetes have been studied less often, and the reported findings are not yet sufficient to derive robust conclusions. Thereafter, we review animal studies with emerging medications perhaps targeting diabetes-associated LUT dysfunction. Data with myoinositol, daidzein, and with compounds that target oxidative stress, inflammation, Rac1, nerve growth factor, angiotensin II receptor, serotonin receptor, adenosine receptor, and soluble guanylyl cyclase are not conclusive yet, but some hold promise as potential treatments. Finally, we review nonpharmacological interventions in diabetic bladder dysfunction. These approaches are relatively new and give promising results in preclinical studies. In conclusion, the insulin data in rodent models of type 1 diabetes suggest that diabetes-associated LUT function can be mostly or partially reversed. However, we propose that considerable additional experimental and clinical studies are needed to target diabetes itself or pathophysiological changes induced by chronic hyperglycemia for the treatment of diabetic uropathy.
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
       
  • A year in pharmacology: new drugs approved by the US Food and Drug
           Administration in 2021

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The second year of the COVID-19 pandemic had no adverse effect on the number of new drug approvals by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Quite the contrary, with a total of 50 new drugs, 2021 belongs to the most successful FDA years. We assign these new drugs to one of three levels of innovation: (1) first drug against a condition (“first-in-indication”), (2) first drug using a novel molecular mechanism (“first-in-class”), and (3) “next-in-class”, i.e., a drug using an already exploited molecular mechanism. We identify 21 first-in-class, 28 next-in-class, and only one first-in-indication drugs. By treatment area, the largest group is once again cancer drugs, many of which target specific genetic alterations. Every second drug approved in 2021 targets an orphan disease, half of them being cancers. Small molecules continue to dominate new drug approvals, followed by antibodies and non-antibody biopharmaceuticals. In 2021, the FDA continued to approve drugs without strong evidence of clinical effects, best exemplified by the aducanumab controversy.
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
       
  • Daidzein attenuates urinary bladder dysfunction in streptozotocin-induced
           diabetes in rats by NOX-4 and RAC-1 inhibition

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Reactive oxygen species via NADPH oxidase (NOX) activation are involved in the pathogenesis of many disease conditions such as diabetes and its complications. In the present study, we have examined the effect of daidzein in the management of diabetic cystopathy. Diabetes was induced in male Sprague Dawley rats via intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) at a dose of 55 mg/kg. After 6 weeks of diabetes induction, animals were treated with daidzein orally at a dose of 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg for 4 weeks. Diabetic animals showed increase (p < 0.001) in bladder capacity (4.32 ± 0.43 mL) and residual volume (2.53 ± 0.19 mL) when compared with normal control animals (2.10 ± 0.40 mL and 0.51 ± 0.12 mL res). Treatment with daidzein at dose of 50 and 100 mg/kg significantly reduced the elevated bladder capacity (2.91 ± 0.11 mL, p < 0.01 and 2.65 ± 1.13 mL, p < 0.001) and residual volume (1.40 ± 0.15 mL, p < 0.001 and 1.15 ± 0.05 mL, p < 0.001). Daidzein-treated animals also showed improvement in voiding efficiency. Elevated threshold and baseline pressure were also found to be reduced in diabetic animals after 4 weeks of daidzein treatment. Daidzein treatment also prevented the loss of antioxidant enzymes in the urinary bladder and also reduced the expression of NOX-4 and RAC-1 in the bladder. From the results, it can be concluded that daidzein showed a beneficial effect on urinary bladder dysfunction in diabetic animals.
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
       
  • Guanabenz—an old drug with a potential to decrease obesity

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to determine, in the diet-induced obesity model in rats, the potential of Guanabenz to reduce body weight and ameliorate some metabolic disturbances. Obesity was induced in rats by a high-fat diet. After 10 weeks, rats were treated intraperitoneally with Guanabenz at the two doses: 2 or 5 mg/kg b.w./day, once daily for 25 days. The spontaneous activity of rats was measured for 24 h on the 1st and 24th day of the Guanabenz treatment with a special radio-frequency identification system. Gastric emptying was measured in intragastric phenol red-treated mice by measuring the color of the stomach homogenate 30 min after phenol red administration. Intraperitoneal administration of Guanabenz for 25 days to obese rats resulted in a significant decrease in body weight compared to the baseline values (about 11% at a dose of 5 mg/kg). Both body weight and the amount of adipose tissue in the groups receiving Guanabenz decreased to the levels observed in the control rats fed only standard feed. The anorectic effect occurred in parallel with a reduction in plasma triglyceride levels. We also confirmed the beneficial effect of Guanabenz on plasma glucose level. The present study demonstrates that the administration of Guanabenz strongly inhibits gastric emptying (about 80% at a dose of 5 mg/kg). Guanabenz can successfully and simultaneously attenuate all the disorders and risk factors of metabolic syndrome: hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia. However, the exact cellular mechanisms of its action require further research.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
       
  • Nanotechnology in drug and gene delivery

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Over the last decade, nanotechnology has widely addressed many nanomaterials in the biomedical area with an opportunity to achieve better-targeted delivery, effective treatment, and an improved safety profile. Nanocarriers have the potential property to protect the active molecule during drug delivery. Depending on the employing nanosystem, the delivery of drugs and genes has enhanced the bioavailability of the molecule at the disease site and exercised an excellent control of the molecule release. Herein, the chapter discusses various advanced nanomaterials designed to develop better nanocarrier systems used to face different diseases such as cancer, heart failure, and malaria. Furthermore, we demonstrate the great attention to the promising role of nanocarriers in ease diagnostic and biodistribution for successful clinical cancer therapy.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
       
  • Correction to: The listed, delisted, and sustainability of therapeutic
           medicines for dementia patients: the study is specific to South Korea

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • The listed, delisted, and sustainability of therapeutic medicines for
           dementia patients: the study is specific to South Korea

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The Dementia Management Act (DMA) came into effect on August 4, 2011, in South Korea. Diagnosis and medication were rapidly performed for dementia in a short time. We investigated the cardiac effects of increased drug prescription following DMA. We observed a correlation between Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and anti-AD drug (AAD) groups from 2010 to 2019 on the National Health Insurance System (NHIS) of South Korea. This study investigated the increase and decrease in deaths of AD patients with AAD. We analysed the mortality per 100,000 population with the R2 Calculator. Moreover, we made the up or down datum line for the simple decision on the listed, delisted, and sustainable drug examined by a linear equation and R2. We observed that life expectancy was diminished by AAD in Sorokdo National Hospital. In the NHIS, donepezil and rivastigmine increased the number of deaths decided on R2 > 0.75. Memantine was sustainable. We could not decide on galantamine because it is one of the other groups. We made a straightforward decision-maker of delisted, listed, or sustainable criteria based on mortality and datum line.
      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • The grapefruit polyphenol naringenin inhibits multiple cardiac ion
           channels

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Drinking fresh grapefruit juice is associated with a significant prolongation of the QT segment on the electrocardiogram (ECG) in healthy volunteers. Among the prominent polyphenols contained in citrus fruits and primarily in grapefruit, the flavonoid naringenin is known to be a blocker of the human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG) potassium channel. Here we hypothesized that naringenin could interfere with other major ion channels shaping the cardiac ventricular action potential (AP). To test this hypothesis, we examined the effects of naringenin on the seven channels comprising the Comprehensive in vitro Pro-Arrhythmia (CiPA) ion channel panel for early arrhythmogenic risk assessment in drug discovery and development. We used automated population patch-clamp of human ion channels heterologously expressed in mammalian cells to evaluate half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50). Naringenin blocked all CiPA ion channels tested with IC50 values in the 30–100 µM concentration-range. The rank-order of channel sensitivity was the following: hERG > Kir2.1 > NaV1.5 (late current) > NaV1.5 (peak current) > KV7.1 > KV4.3 > CaV1.2. This multichannel inhibitory profile of naringenin suggests exercising caution when large amounts of grapefruit juice or other citrus juices enriched in this flavonoid polyphenol are drunk in conjunction with QT prolonging drugs or by carriers of congenital long-QT syndromes.
      PubDate: 2022-04-12
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.238.176.43
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-