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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 253 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 332)
International Journal of Drug Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 254)
Journal of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155)
Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 146)
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86)
Drug Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 83)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Controlled Release     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Pharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Clinical Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Clinical Pharmacokinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Applied Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Natural Products     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Current Pharmaceutical Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Drug Development Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Drug Metabolism and Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Separation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CNS Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Medical Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biometrical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemMedChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Inhalation Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antiviral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Metabolism Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Human & Experimental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Drug Delivery     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BioDrugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Epilepsy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Drug Investigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Discovery Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Therapeutic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Drug Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Medicinal Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Investigational New Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cancer Therapy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CNS Drug Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Inpharma Weekly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Inflammation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ASSAY and Drug Development Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ethnopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pain Management & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Clinical Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Drug Targeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inflammopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drugs in R & D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Drug Design & Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Microencapsulation: Microcapsules, Liposomes, Nanoparticles, Microcells, Microspheres     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Enzyme Inhibition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Pharmaceutical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Texture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Liposome Research     Hybrid Journal  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Harm Reduction Journal     Open Access  
Current Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal  
Current Bioactive Compounds     Hybrid Journal  
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.697
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1660-5527 - ISSN (Online) 1660-5535
Published by Karger Homepage  [121 journals]
  • Dermal and transdermal macromolecule delivery using enhancer molecules and
           colloidal carrier systems. Part II: Percutaneous administration of heparin
           

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Introduction: Heparin is a commonly used anticoagulant administered either by intravenous or subcutaneous injection for a systemic effect, or topically for the treatment of peripheral vascular disorders. Objective: This study aimed to formulate heparin in non-ionic colloidal carrier systems (CCSs) having enhanced percutaneous absorption for systemic and topical administration. Methods: Five CCSs were developed and characterized for their rheological properties, droplet size and drug loading. The percutaneous absorption of heparin was evaluated in vitro using Franz diffusion cells with rats’ skin and with the aid of a developed HPLC method. Furthermore, the efficacy of two developed heparin CCSs were tested percutaneously in rats by measuring the response against the time in comparison to subcutaneous administration. Results: The rheograms and droplets’ size measurements showed that the developed drug delivery systems have Newtonian properties with a droplet size between 109 and 460 nm. As much as 500 mg of heparin could be loaded in around 5 mL CCS. Furthermore, using Franz diffusion cells, a diffusion rate of 19.216 ± 2.01 USP U/cm2.hr could be achieved for heparin-loaded CCSs. Moreover, the estimated percutaneous in vivo relative bioavailability in comparison to subcutaneous administration could reflect that at least more than 50% of the drug passed through the skin. Conclusion: The developed novel non-toxic CCSs containing heparin can be a good candidate for percutaneous administration as alternative delivery systems for subcutaneous and intravenous invasive administration.

      PubDate: Thu, 01 Dec 2022 08:46:47 +010
       
  • Free fatty acids induce lipid accumulation, autophagy and apoptosis in
           human sebocytes

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      Abstract: Background: A disruption of sebocyte differentiation and lipogenesis has fatal consequences and can cause a wide spectrum of skin diseases, from acne vulgaris to sebaceous carcinoma, however, the relevant molecular mechanisms have not been fully clarified. Objectives: The induction of autophagy and apoptosis in human sebocytes in response to biologically relevant fatty acids was investigated. Methods: Free fatty acids (arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid and palmitoleic acid) and the pan-caspase inhibitor QVD-Oph were added in the supernatant of cultured human SZ95 sebocytes. Individual relevant proteins were analysed by Western blotting. Apoptosis and cell viability were determined, and typical autophagy structures were detected through electron microscopy. To obtain cell growth curves, cell confluence was continuously monitored by real-time cell analysis. Results: Fatty acids induced the development of intracellular lipid droplets with subsequent apoptosis, whereas arachidonic acid caused the most rapid effect. Cleavage products of caspase-3 were only detected in arachidonic acid-induced apoptosis. The high basal apoptotic rate of cultured SZ95 sebocytes was strongly suppressed by QVD-Oph. Fatty acid-induced apoptosis was also markedly inhibited by QVD-Oph, whereas intracellular lipid droplets further accumulated. While cell viability after incubation with linoleic acid, palmitic acid or palmitoleic acid and QVD-Oph was comparable with non-treated controls, arachidonic acid significantly reduced cell viability and cell density despite the concomitant pan-caspase inhibitor treatment. Using electron microscopy, typical autophagy structures were detected, such as autophagosomes and autolysosomes, at the basal level, which became more pronounced after treatment with fatty acids. Conclusions: Our findings contribute to a better understanding of the inflammation-associated mechanisms of lipogenesis and cell death induction in human sebocytes and may help to unveil the effects of fatty acid-rich human nutrition.

      PubDate: Wed, 16 Nov 2022 16:47:05 +010
       
  • Topically confined enhancement of cutaneous microcirculation by cold
           plasma

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      Abstract: Introduction:We aim to explore potentials and modalities of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) for the subsequent development of therapies targeting an increased perfusion of the lower leg skin tissue. In this study, we addressed the question whether the microcirculation enhancement is restricted to the tissue in direct contact with plasma or if adjacent tissue might also benefit.Methods:A dielectric barrier discharge (DBD)-generated CAP device exhibiting an electrode area of 27.5 cm² was used to treat the anterior lower leg of ten healthy subjects for 4.5 minutes. Subsequently, hyperspectral imaging (HIS) was performed to measure tempo-spatially resolved characteristics of microcirculation parameters in superficial (up to 1 mm) and deeper (up to 5 mm) skin layers.Results:In the tissue area covered by the plasma electrode, DBD-CAP treatment enhances most of the perfusion parameters. The maximum oxygen saturation (StO2) increase reached 8 %, the near infrared perfusion index (NIR) increases by a maximum of 4 %, and the maximum tissue hemoglobin (THI) increase equaled 14 %. Tissue water index (TWI) was lower in both the control and the plasma group thus not affected by the DBD-CAP treatment. Yet, our study reveals that adjacent tissue is hardly affected by the enhancements in the electrode area and the effects are locally confined. Conclusion:Application of DBD-CAP to the lower leg resulted in enhancement of cutaneous microcirculation that extended 1 h beyond the treatment period with localization to the tissue area in direct contact with the cold plasma. This suggests the possibility of tailoring application schemes for topically confined enhancement of skin microcirculation, e.g. in the treatment of chronic wounds.

      PubDate: Wed, 09 Nov 2022 11:46:07 +010
       
  • Challenges in noninvasive skin biomarker measurements in daily practice: a
           longitudinal study on skin surface protein detection by the Transdermal
           Analysis Patch in pediatric psoriasis

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      Abstract: Introduction: Skin surface proteins are potential biomarkers in psoriasis and can be measured noninvasively with the Transdermal Analysis Patch (TAP). This study aims to assess markers measured by TAP over time in daily clinical practice, explore their correlation with disease severity in pediatric psoriasis, and compare the TAP and tape stripping detection capability.Methods: In this prospective observational daily clinical practice study, pediatric psoriasis patients (aged>5 to
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Oct 2022 22:48:10 +020
       
  • Direct and Indirect Effects of Blue Light Exposure on Skin: A Review of
           Published Literature

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      Abstract: The growing use of electronic devices and other artificial light sources in recent decades has changed the pattern of exposure to blue light (400–500 nm). Although some progress has been made in the study of the biological effects of blue light on the skin, many questions in this field remain unexplored. The aim of this article was to review the currently available evidence on the deleterious effects of blue light on the skin, as well as the methods and strategies designed to protect from the detrimental effects of blue light. PubMed and ProQuest databases were searched in January 2022. Search results were supplemented by articles considered relevant by the authors. The results of in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies show that blue light produces direct and indirect effects on the skin. The most significant direct effects are the excessive generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, and hyperpigmentation. Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species cause DNA damage and modulate the immune response. Indirect effects of blue light include disruption of the central circadian rhythm regulation via melatonin signaling and local circadian rhythm regulation via direct effects on skin cells. Antioxidants and sunscreens containing titanium dioxide, iron oxides, and zinc oxide can be used to protect against the detrimental effects of blue light as part of a strategy that combines daytime protection and night-time repair. Blue light produces a wide variety of direct and indirect effects on the skin. As exposure to blue light from artificial sources is likely to continue to increase, this area warrants further investigation.

      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 07:43:42 +020
       
  • Sinomenine suppressed keratinocyte proliferation and imiquimod-induced
           psoriasis-like dermatitis by regulating lncRNA XIST

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      Abstract: Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Sinomenine (SIN) has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Objective: To confirm the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanism of SIN in imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like mouse model and IMQ induced differentiated human keratinocytes (HaCaT) cells. Methods: BALB/c mice were treated with IMQ to construct a psoriasis-like mice model. PASI score and HE staining was used to observe pathology injury of skin tissue. The secretion of inflammatory factors and the oxidative stress level were detected by ELISA. The differentiated HaCaT cells were treated with IMQ (100 μM) and SIN (10 μg/mL or 50 μg/mL), cell viability, the secretion of inflammatory factors and the oxidative stress level were detected by MTT assay, ELISA, respectively. The expression of lncRNA XIST was detected by RT-qPCR. The relationship between XIST and EIF4G2 protein was detected by RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, Ubiquitination experiment. Results: SIN significantly reduced PASI score, epidermal thickness, inflammatory response and oxidative stress levels that increased by IMQ in vivo. SIN inhibited IMQ-induced HaCaT cell proliferation, inflammatory response and oxidative stress levels, decreased the expression of XIST. Overexpression of XIST negated the protective effect of SIN on HaCaT cells. XIST interacted directly with EIF4G2 and regulate EIF4G2 expression via K48 ubiquitin. Knockdown of XIST reduced the half-life of EIF4G2 and decreased EIF4G2 protein stability. In addition, the E3 ubiquitin protein ligase MDM2 interacted with EIF4G2 and down-regulated EIF4G2 expression. XIST reduced the interaction between MDM2 and EIF4G2, which mediated EIF4G2 K48 ubiquitination. Overexpression of XIST negated the protective effect of SIN on the inflammation of HaCaT cells through activating the NF-κB signaling pathway, while NF-κB pathway inhibitor PDTC reversed this result. Conclusion: SIN had a protective effect on psoriasis and could inhibit HaCaT cell proliferation and inflammatory response via XIST/MDM2/EIF4G2/NF-κB axis.

      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 15:18:44 +020
       
  • Acidic skin care promotes cutaneous microbiome recovery and skin
           physiology in an acute stratum corneum stress model

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      Abstract: Introduction: Skin microbiome and skin physiology are important indicators of the epidermal homeostasis status. Stress models can reveal pathological conditions and modulating effects. Here we investigated the cutaneous microbiome in relation to skin physiology after mild tape stripping (TS) without treatment compared to two cosmetic leave-on lotions (pH 5.5 vs. pH 9.3) in 25 healthy volunteers.Methods: The microbiome was analyzed by 16S-rRNA-gene amplicon sequencing and put in relation to the following skin physiology parameter: epidermal barrier function (TEWA-Meter TM300), stratum corneum hydration (Corneometer CM 825), surface pH (pH-Meter) and skin erythema (Mexameter). Results: TS reduced the alpha diversity with a recovery over 7 days without treatment. Both lotions significantly accelerated the recovery of the alpha-diversity already after 2 days with a slightly higher rate for the acidic lotion. After TS, the relative abundance of Proteobacteria was increased, whereas Actinobacteria were reduced. The relative abundances of typical skin-associated genera were reduced after TS. Taxa compositions returned to normal levels after 7 days in all treatment groups. An accelerated normalization could be observed with both lotions already after two days. A significant difference in skin pH was observed on day2 and day7 with an increased pH for the alkaline lotion. Both lotions induced an increase in stratum corneum hydration. Conclusion: The study proved the suitability of an experimental stress model in the assessment of skin surface microbiome in relation to skin physiology. Stratum corneum hydration increased significantly with both lotions already at day2. Microbiome parameters (alpha-diversity, mean relative taxa, abundance of selected genera) normalized over 2-7 days. The following mechanisms could be responsible for the accelerated normalization of the microbiome: a) optimized hydration during the recovery phase, b) the composition of the lotion c) the induced repair mechanism. Thus, the formulation has a positive effect on the stratum corneum hydration and subsequently on cutaneous microbiome and skin physiology. Furthermore, this has eventually implications in the modulation of exogenous stress-induced epidermal alterations.

      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jul 2022 16:14:27 +020
       
  • Expression of Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription-3 in
           Androgenetic Alopecia: A case control study

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      Abstract: Background: Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3 belongs to a group of latent transcription factors phosphorylated and activated by several protein tyrosine kinases, including members of Janus-kinases (JAKs) family. It is has been implicated that the JAK-STAT pathway activation could promote quiescence in the hair cycle, and topical treatment of mouse and human skin with JAK-inhibitors was shown to result in rapid hair growth.Objective: Our aim was to assess the tissue expression of STAT3 in patients with androgenetic alopecia and correlate it with disease severity and clinical parameters.Methods: Twenty five androgenetic alopecia patients who served as both cases and controls were included in this study. Full clinical examination was done and tissue STAT3 gene expression was then measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: Scalp tissue affected by androgenetic alopecia show significantly higher STAT3 gene expression levels compared to unaffected (androgen independent) areas. (P
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jun 2022 14:11:07 +020
       
  • Comparison of lipid foam cream and basic cream on epidermal reconstruction
           in mild atopic eczema

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      Abstract: Introduction: Basic therapy is of central importance in the treatment of atopic eczema. Using electron microscopic images, the morphology of epidermal skin barrier and its lipids was investigated after application of a lipid foam cream and basic cream.Methods: Patients with two contralateral comparable atopic eczema (local SCORAD 1-10) on the forearms were tested. Eczema was treated with a lipid foam cream or basic cream twice daily for 28 days. At the beginning, after 14 days and at the end of application, the local SCORAD, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), skin hydration, intercellular lipid length (ICLL) in the intercellular space (ICS) of the stratum corneum (SC) and skin lipids were determined.Results: After application of the foam cream, the epidermal skin barrier could be completely restored and corresponded to skin-healthy skin, while the epiderrmal skin barrier could not reach this state after care with the basic cream. The content of lipids in the SC increases significantly by 31% after basic cream treatment, whereas they are significantly increased by 85% after application of the lipid foam cream. The local SCORAD improved for both treatments to about the same extent, no significant results could be shown for TEWL and skin hydration. Conclusion: In subjects with mild atopic eczema, the lipid foam cream leads to a measurable recovery of the skin barrier which is much more pronounced in comparison to the basic cream

      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 15:06:27 +020
       
  • Evaluation of an efficient and skin-adherent semisolid sunscreen
           nanoformulation

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      Abstract: Introduction: Sunscreens are substances applied on the skin surface to protect the skin from the harmful effects of UV light. Nanoparticles can increase the retention time of the sunscreen on the skin surface and its efficacy, by acting as physical barriers. The present investigation aimed to prepare and characterize benzophenone-3-loaded lipid core nanocapsules coated with chitosan (CH-LNC) and, after obtaining a suitable semisolid formulation for skin application, to evaluate the influence of the nanocapsules chitosan-coating on the skin adhesion and photoprotective effect of the sunscreen. Methods: CH-LNC were obtained by the interfacial deposition of pre-formed polymer. The semisolid formulation was obtained using hydroxyethyl cellulose as gel-forming polymer. Skin adhesion experiments were performed by keeping skin membranes with formulation under water at 32oC for up to 60 minutes. Photoprotective effect was analyzed by the capacity of the formulations to protect a photo unstable substance (resveratrol) from degradation under UV light. Results: CH-LNC presented size of around 150nm, with low polydispersity, positive zeta potential, due to chitosan, and benzophenone-3 encapsulation efficiency of close to 100% (3mg/mL). The proposed gel presented suitable consistence and pH for skin application. Although coated and uncoated LNC increased benzonphenone-3 skin adhesion after 10 minutes of water immersion, only the nanoparticles coated with chitosan were able to do so after 60 minutes. CH-LNC increased the photoprotection of the sunscreen under UVA and UVB light after 60 minutes of exposure, probably due to the bioadhesion and film-forming properties of chitosan. Conclusion: The chitosan coating of benzophenone-3-loaded LNC increased the skin adhesion and the photoprotective effect of the sunscreen.

      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 15:02:02 +020
       
 
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