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  Subjects -> PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 401 - 253 of 253 Journals sorted alphabetically
Microbial Drug Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Molecular Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Molecular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molekul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural Product Communications     Open Access  
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 316)
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal  
NeuroMolecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Neuropharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Neuropsychopharmacology Reports     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Drug Design & Delivery     Open Access  
OA Medical Hypothesis     Open Access  
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Open Pharmacoeconomics & Health Economics Journal     Open Access  
Open Pharmacology Journal     Open Access  
OpenNano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orbital - The Electronic Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pain and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Pediatric Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pediatric Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Biology     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Care-La Farmacoterapia     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmaceutical Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Pharmaceutical Executive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Pharmaceutical Fronts     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Historian     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Journal     Free   (Followers: 8)
Pharmaceutical Journal of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmaceutical Patent Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97)
Pharmaceutical Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pharmaceutical Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Pharmaceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pharmacia     Open Access  
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
PharmacoEconomics German Research Articles     Full-text available via subscription  
PharmacoEconomics Spanish Research Articles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacogenomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacogenomics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pharmacognosy Communications     Partially Free  
Pharmacognosy Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacognosy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacological Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Pharmacological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacological Research - Modern Chinese Medicine     Open Access  
Pharmacological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacology & Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology Research & Perspectives     Open Access  
Pharmacon : Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia     Open Access  
Pharmacopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacotherapy The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Pharmactuel     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pharmacy & Pharmacology     Open Access  
Pharmacy Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Pharmacy Practice (Internet)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Pharmakon : Arzneimittel in Wissenschaft und Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PharmaTutor     Open Access  
Pharmazeutische Industrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Pharmazeutische Zeitung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Pharmazie in Unserer Zeit (Pharmuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Physiology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Plant Products Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Planta Medica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Planta Medica International Open     Open Access  
Prescriber     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
PZ Prisma : Materialien zur Fort- und Weiterbildung     Full-text available via subscription  
Redox Report     Open Access  
Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Drug Design & Discovery     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmaceutical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmacognosy     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy     Open Access  
Research Results in Pharmacology     Open Access  
Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Reviews on Clinical Pharmacology and Drug Therapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico-Farmacéuticas     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ciências Farmacêuticas Básica e Aplicada     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Farmaceuticas     Open Access  
Revue de Médecine et de Pharmacie     Full-text available via subscription  
Safety and Risk of Pharmacotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Scientia Pharmaceutica     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Oncology Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Separation Science plus (SSC plus)     Hybrid Journal  
Side Effects of Drugs Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Substance Abuse : Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Suchttherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
SynOpen     Open Access  
The Botulinum J.     Hybrid Journal  
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Medical Letter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
The Pink Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
The Pink Sheet Daily     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Thérapie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
TheScientist     Free   (Followers: 6)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological Research     Hybrid Journal  
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Toxicology Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Toxicon : X     Open Access  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Translational Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Trends in Peptide and Protein Sciences     Open Access  
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research     Open Access  
Ukrainian Biopharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
World Mycotoxin Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Yakugaku Zasshi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Phytotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Актуальні питання фармацевтичної та медичної науки та практики     Open Access  
Фармацевтичний часопис     Open Access  

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Pharmacopsychiatry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.845
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0176-3679 - ISSN (Online) 1439-0795
Published by Thieme Publishing Group Homepage  [233 journals]
  • Covid-19: Contributions from Psychopharmacology

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      Authors: Bauer; Michael, Juckel, Georg
      Pages: 5 - 6
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is causing a major burden on personal health, healthcare systems and the global economy. For the last two years the COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically changed our lives in many personal and professional areas. For millions of us, due to infection rates, but also to protection measures such as lockdowns the corona pandemic has significantly changed the way we work, how we live, and how we interact with technology. In addition to the development of effective vaccines, anti-viral and anti-inflammation strategies are of eminent importance to treat people with acute infection or at least prevent serious negative outcomes. In contrast to the fast development of several effective vaccines that were remarkably available already after one year of the pandemic, novel effective anti-viral compounds are still in development. The only currently used effective medications against severe SARS-CoV-2 virus infection are corticosteroids 1.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry 2022; 55: 5-6
      PubDate: 2022-01-25T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1720-8855
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 01 (2022)
       
  • Neuropsychiatric Drugs Against COVID-19: What is the Clinical
           Evidence'

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      Authors: Mueller; Juliane K., Riederer, Peter, Müller, Walter E.
      Pages: 7 - 15
      Abstract: Since the beginning of the coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 pandemic, the need for effective treatments for COVID-19 led to the idea of “repurposing” drugs for antiviral treatment. Several antipsychotics and antidepressants have been tested for in vitro activity against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Chlorpromazine, other phenothiazine antipsychotics, and the antidepressant fluoxetine were found to be rather potent in these studies. However, whether effective plasma concentrations can be obtained with clinically accepted doses of these drugs is not clear. Data of COVID-19 patients are not yet available but several clinical studies are currently underway.The specific serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluvoxamine is a potent Sigma-1 receptor agonist and reduces inflammation in animal models of cytokine-stress. Accordingly, fluvoxamine treatment was superior to placebo in reducing impaired respiratory function and other symptoms of inflammation in COVID-19 patients in a placebo-controlled clinical study and another open clinical trial. The beneficial effects of fluvoxamine on the course of COVID-19 were recently confirmed in a large placebo-controlled double-blind trial with several hundred patients.Inflammation represents a major risk factor for many psychiatric disorders which explains the high susceptibilitiy of COVID-19 patients for psychiatric diseases. Many antidepressants and antipsychotics possess anti-inflammatory properties independent of sigma-1 activity which might be important to reduce psychiatric symptoms of COVID-19 patients and to improve respiratory dysfunction and other consequences of inflammation. This might explain the rather unspecific benefit which has been reported for several cohorts of COVID-19 patients treated with different psychotropic drugs.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry 2022; 55: 7-15
      PubDate: 2022-01-25T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1717-2381
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 01 (2022)
       
  • Clinical Outcomes after Clozapine Discontinuation in Patients with
           Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review

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      Authors: Miura; Gentaro, Tanaka, Kouhei, Kemuriyama, Takashi, Misawa, Fuminari, Uchida, Hiroyuki, Mimura, Masaru, Takeuchi, Hiroyoshi
      Abstract: Introduction Clozapine is the gold standard of treatment for patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia. However, approximately 60% of those patients do not respond to clozapine; moreover, clinical outcomes after clozapine discontinuation are unclear so far. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to clarify the outcomes after clozapine discontinuation. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted, using MEDLINE and Embase with the following keywords: (clozapine AND (cessation* OR cease* OR withdraw* OR discontinu* OR halt* OR stop* OR switch*) AND (schizophreni* OR schizoaffective)). Results A total of 28 clinical studies from 27 articles were identified and included in this systematic review. Three randomized controlled trials reported worsening of psychiatric symptoms. In 10 single-arm studies, the results of worsening and improving psychiatric symptoms were inconsistent. In one large retrospective cohort study, clozapine rechallenge, olanzapine, and antipsychotic polypharmacy had lower rehospitalization rates compared to no medication after clozapine discontinuation. In the other 14 retrospective studies, the vast majority showed worsening of clinical status after clozapine discontinuation. Among five studies on clinical outcomes after clozapine rechallenge, four reported improvements in clinical status in more than half of patients who rechallenged clozapine. The remaining study reported that the clozapine discontinuation-rechallenge group had a worse remission assessment score than the clozapine discontinuation-no rechallenge group. Discussion Clinical outcomes generally worsen after clozapine discontinuation. Clozapine rechallenge and olanzapine may be considered following clozapine discontinuation. The outcomes after clozapine discontinuation in clozapine non-responders remain inconclusive; therefore, well-designed studies are warranted.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-05-05T00:00:00+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1811-7318
       
  • Epigenetics for Drug Discovery: Dissecting the Effect of High
           Antipsychotic Dosage and D2 Blockage on Peripheral DNA Methylation

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      Authors: Adanty; Christopher, Kim, Julia, Strauss, John, Qian, Jessica, Remington, Gary, Borlido, Carol, Graff, Ariel, Gerretsen, Philip, De Luca, Vincenzo
      Abstract: Introduction The relationship between genetic polymorphisms of antipsychotic drug-metabolizing agents and drug receptors has been often investigated. DNA methylation is a form of epigenetic modification that regulates gene expression. Few studies have analyzed the relationship between genome-wide methylation patterns and antipsychotic dosage. The primary aim of this pilot study was to investigate the association between antipsychotic dosage and genome-wide DNA methylation in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ). Methods Current dosage of antipsychotic medications was assessed in 136 patients with SCZ. Dosage was standardized using three different methods: chlorpromazine equivalent dose (CPZe), defined daily dose (DDD), and percentage of Lexicomp maximum dose (PM%). DNA methylation was measured in white blood cells. Antipsychotic dosage was the primary outcome variable in a model, including genome-wide methylation status as the main predictor. Results This study did not show any association between DNA methylation and dosage variation for CPZe, PM%, and DDD. However, the probe cg271403389 was consistently associated with antipsychotic dosage across the three standardization methods. When looking at the genomic location of the most significant probes, we found that 15% were intergenic, 23% were in the distal promoter, 9% in the 3′untranslated region, 32% in the gene body, 3% in the 5′ untranslated region, 15% in the proximal promoter, and 3% in the first exon. Discussion This study shows the importance of investigating the relationship between DNA methylation and optimal antipsychotic dosage to personalize treatment in SCZ. Future studies require larger prescription databases to build on the results of this analysis.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-04-28T00:00:00+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1778-5125
       
  • Factors Associated with Medication Adherence to Long-Acting Injectable
           Antipsychotics: Results from the STAR Network Depot Study

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      Authors: Aguglia; Andrea, Fusar-Poli, Laura, Natale, Antimo, Amerio, Andrea, Espa, Irene, Villa, Veronica, Martinotti, Giovanni, Carrà, Giuseppe, Bartoli, Francesco, D’Agostino, Armando, Serafini, Gianluca, Amore, Mario, Aguglia, Eugenio, Ostuzzi, Giovanni, Barbui, Corrado
      Abstract: Introduction Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics are prescribed to people with severe psychiatric disorders who show poor adherence to oral medication. The present paper examined factors potentially associated with medication adherence to LAI treatment. Methods The STAR (Servizi Territoriali Associati per la Ricerca) Network Depot Study was a multicenter, observational, prospective study that enrolled 461 subjects initiating a LAI from 32 Italian centers. After 6 and 12 months of treatment, we evaluated differences between participants with high (≥5 points) and low (
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-04-25T00:00:00+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1804-6211
       
  • Morphological Representation of C1q in the Aging Central Nervous System

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      Authors: Rupprecht; Christian, Sarker, Rim S. J., Rammes, Gerhard
      Abstract: Introduction The complement protein C1q is essential for the innate immune system and neurophysiological and neuropathological processes. To gain more insight into these functions in the CNS, a comprehensive understanding of the morphological representation, especially of its cellular and subcellular target structures, is of great importance. Methods For a free-floating preparation, the brains of wild-type and ArcAβ mice were cut into 100 μm slices. Living slices were incubated in Ringer’s solution and then fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde (PFA) and stained with different primary and secondary antibodies or methoxy-X04. Results C1q was abundant in the entire brain. Interestingly, C1q accumulated around cell nuclei, with a perineuronal localization around neuronal somata and a paraneuronal accumulation around non-neuronal cells, e. g., microglia. Moreover, dendritic-like, linear, branched C1q signals were observed in the area between the dentate gyrus and the CA1 region of the hippocampus. Complementary staining revealed an overlap with β-amyloid accumulation reflected by the deposition of C1q within plaques and modified basal C1q levels in the brains of transgenic ArcAβ animals. Discussion The applied free-floating approach is suitable for C1q immunofluorescence imaging. The consistent colocalization of the complement protein C1q with β-amyloid plaques may reflect an activated immune response, whereas the accumulation of C1q around neuronal structures such as somata and dendrites is still a matter of debate. Intriguingly, C1q surrounds those structures in older brains of both wild-type and ArcAβ mice. Our results also indicate an involvement of C1q in neurophysiological and neurodegenerative processes.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-03-16T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1704-8260
       
  • Serious Adverse Drug Reactions in Children and Adolescents Treated On- and
           Off-Label with Antidepressants and Antipsychotics in Clinical Practice

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      Authors: Egberts; Karin M., Gerlach, Manfred, Correll, Christoph U., Plener, Paul L., Malzahn, Uwe, Heuschmann, Peter, Unterecker, Stefan, Scherf-Clavel, Maike, Rock, Hans, Antony, Gisela, Briegel, Wolfgang, Fleischhaker, Christian, Häge, Alexander, Hellenschmidt, Tobias, Imgart, Harmut, Kaess, Michael, Karwautz, Andreas, Kölch, Michael, Reitzle, Karl, Renner, Tobias, Reuter-Dang, Su-Yin, Rexroth, Christian, Schulte-Körne, Gerd, Theisen, Frank M., Walitza, Susanne, Wewetzer, Christoph, Fekete, Stefanie, Taurines, Regina, Romanos, Marcel
      Abstract: Introduction Despite the growing evidence base for psychotropic drug treatment in pediatric patients, knowledge about the benefit-risk ratio in clinical practice remains limited. The ‘Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM)-VIGIL’ study aimed to evaluate serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children and adolescents treated with antidepressants and/or antipsychotics in approved (‘on-label’), and off-label use in clinical practice. Methods Psychiatric pediatric patients aged 6-18 years treated with antidepressants and/or antipsychotics either on-label or off-label were prospectively followed between October 2014 and December 2018 within a multicenter trial. Follow-up included standardized assessments of response, serious ADRs and therapeutic drug monitoring. Results 710 youth (age=14.6±2.2 years, female=66.6%) were observed for 5.5 months on average; 76.3% received antidepressants, 47.5% antipsychotics, and 25.2% both. Altogether, 55.2% of the treatment episodes with antidepressants and 80.7% with antipsychotics were off-label. Serious ADRs occurred in 8.3% (95%CI=6.4–10.6%) of patients, mainly being psychiatric adverse reactions (77.4%), predominantly suicidal ideation and behavior. The risk of serious ADRs was not significantly different between patients using psychotropics off-label and on-label (antidepressants: 8.1% vs. 11.3%, p=0.16; antipsychotics: 8.7% vs 7.5%, p=0.67). Serious ADRs occurred in 16.6% of patients who were suicidal at enrollment versus 5.6% of patients who were not suicidal (relative risk 3.0, 95%CI=1.9-4.9). Conclusion Off-label use of antidepressants and antipsychotics in youth was not a risk factor for the occurrence of serious ADRs in a closely monitored clinical setting. Results from large naturalistic trials like ours can contribute to bridging the gap between knowledge from randomized controlled trials and real-world clinical settings.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-02-07T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1716-1856
       
  • Drug Combinations for Mood Disorders and Physical Comorbidities That Need
           Attention: A Cross-Sectional National Database Survey

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      Authors: Kuramochi; Shin, Yatomi, Taisuke, Uchida, Takahito, Takeuchi, Hiroyoshi, Mimura, Masaru, Uchida, Hiroyuki
      Abstract: Introduction This study investigated combined prescriptions of drugs for mood disorders and physical comorbidities that need special attention in the light of frequent physical comorbidities in patients with mood disorders. Methods We used the claims sampling data of 581,990 outpatients in January 2015 from the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups of Japan. Fisher’s exact test was performed to compare the prescription rates of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), loop/thiazide diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and/or angiotensin II receptor blockers between lithium users and age- and sex-matched non-lithium users; NSAIDs, antiplatelet drugs, and/or anticoagulants between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)/serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) users and non-users; warfarin between mirtazapine users and non-users; and the proportions of patients in the two groups with a diagnosis of somatic conditions for which these medications were indicated and actually received them. A Bonferroni corrected p-value of
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-02-04T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1744-6582
       
  • Classic Psychedelic Drugs: Update on Biological Mechanisms

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      Authors: Vollenweider; Franz X., Smallridge, John W.
      Abstract: Renewed interest in the effects of psychedelics in the treatment of psychiatric disorders warrants a better understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the effects of these substances. During the past two decades, state-of-the-art studies of animals and humans have yielded new important insights into the molecular, cellular, and systems-level actions of psychedelic drugs. These efforts have revealed that psychedelics affect primarily serotonergic receptor subtypes located in cortico-thalamic and cortico-cortical feedback circuits of information processing. Psychedelic drugs modulate excitatory-inhibitory balance in these circuits and can participate in neuroplasticity within brain structures critical for the integration of information relevant to sensation, cognition, emotions, and the narrative of self. Neuroimaging studies showed that characteristic dimensions of the psychedelic experience obtained through subjective questionnaires as well as alterations in self-referential processing and emotion regulation obtained through neuropsychological tasks are associated with distinct changes in brain activity and connectivity patterns at multiple-system levels. These recent results suggest that changes in self-experience, emotional processing, and social cognition may contribute to the potential therapeutic effects of psychedelics.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-01-25T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1721-2914
       
  • Novel Antidepressants in the Pipeline (Phase II and III): A Systematic
           Review of the US Clinical Trials Registry

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      Authors: Sakurai; Hitoshi, Yonezawa, Kengo, Tani, Hideaki, Mimura, Masaru, Bauer, Michael, Uchida, Hiroyuki
      Abstract: Introduction There is an imminent need for faster-acting and more effective antidepressants beyond the monoaminergic hypothesis. Methods We systematically searched the US Clinical Trials registry for antidepressant compounds with completed phase II and III trials. Compounds that demonstrated significant superiority over placebo in the primary outcome measure in the latest phase of phase II and III trials were identified. The collateral information was gathered via a PubMed search and press releases. Results Nine compounds were identified. AXS-05 (a combination of dextromethorphan and bupropion) and ansofaxine hydrochloride showed a positive result over placebo in a phase III study for major depressive disorder or treatment-resistant depression. MIJ821, nitrous oxide, psilocybin, ayahuasca, facial injection of botulinum toxin A, prasterone, and casopitant demonstrated at least one positive result in phase II trials. Ayahuasca showed a greater response rate than placebo at week one, indicating the rapid antidepressant effect. Discussion These new compounds with novel mechanisms of action are expected to provide a greater variety of treatment options for depression if preliminary positive results are confirmed.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-01-19T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1714-9097
      Issue No: Vol. eFirst
       
  • Endocannabinoid Modulation Using Monoacylglycerol Lipase Inhibition in
           Tourette Syndrome: A Phase 1 Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study

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      Authors: Müller-Vahl; Kirsten R., Fremer, Carolin, Beals, Chan, Ivkovic, Jelena, Loft, Henrik, Schindler, Christoph
      Abstract: Introduction Tourette syndrome (TS) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by chronic motor and vocal tics. While consistently effective treatment is lacking, evidence indicates that the modulation of endocannabinoid system is potentially beneficial. Lu AG06466 (previously ABX-1431) is a highly selective inhibitor of monoacylglycerol lipase, the primary enzyme responsible for the degradation of the endocannabinoid ligand 2-arachidonoylglycerol. This exploratory study aimed to determine the effect of Lu AG06466 versus placebo on tics and other symptoms in patients with TS. Methods In this phase 1b cross-over study, 20 adult patients with TS on standard-of-care medications were randomized to a single fasted dose of Lu AG06466 (40 mg) or placebo in period 1, followed by the other treatment in period 2. The effects on tics, premonitory urges, and psychiatric comorbidities were evaluated using a variety of scaled approaches at different time points before and after treatment. Results All scales showed an overall trend of tic reduction, with two out of three tic scales (including the Total Tic Score of the Yale Global Tic Severity Score) showing a significant effect of a single dose of Lu AG06466 versus placebo at various timepoints. Treatment with Lu AG06466 resulted in a significant reduction in premonitory urges versus placebo. Single doses of Lu AG06466 were generally well-tolerated, and the most common adverse events were headache, somnolence, and fatigue. Conclusion In this exploratory trial, a single dose of Lu AG06466 showed statistically significant positive effects on key measures of TS symptoms.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2021-11-30T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1675-3494
      Issue No: Vol. eFirst
       
  • Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of L-Methylfolate Augmentation in
           Depressive Disorders

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      Authors: Maruf; Abdullah Al, Poweleit, Ethan A., Brown, Lisa C., Strawn, Jeffrey R., Bousman, Chad A.
      Abstract: Objectives  Partial response to pharmacotherapy is common in major depressive disorder (MDD) and many patients require alternative pharmacotherapy or augmentation, including adjunctive L-methylfolate. Given that L-methylfolate augmentation is rarely included in major clinical practice guidelines, we sought to systematically review evidence for L-methylfolate augmentation in adults with MDD and to examine its efficacy meta-analytically. Methods  We systematically searched PubMed for articles up to December 31, 2020, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. Included studies were published in peer-reviewed, English-language journals and examined L-methylfolate adjunctive therapy in depressive disorders or its effect on antidepressant response. A fixed- and random-effects meta-analysis and risk of bias assessment using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool were conducted. Results  Qualitative assessment of nine articles (N=6,707 patients) suggests that adjunctive L-methylfolate improved antidepressant response. In the meta-analysis of categorical Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression-17 response, (three studies, N=483) adjunctive L-methylfolate was associated with a small effect versus antidepressant monotherapy (relative risk: 1.25, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.08 to 1.46, p=0.004). A meta-analysis of four studies (N=507) using a continuous measure of depressive symptoms showed a similar effect of adjunctive L-methylfolate (standardized mean difference=− 0.38, 95% CI=− 0.59 to−0.17, p=0.0003). Conclusion  Adjunctive L-methylfolate may have modest efficacy in antidepressant-treated adults with MDD.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2021-11-18T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1681-2047
      Issue No: Vol. eFirst
       
  • Synchronization of Fibroblasts Ex Vivo in Psychopharmacology

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      Authors: Faltraco; Frank, Uzoni, Adriana, Shevchuk, Liliia, Thome, Johannes, Palm, Denise
      Abstract: The central oscillator for the inner clock is the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus. Furthermore, many peripheral oscillators are present in tissues such as skin. Human derived fibroblasts provide an advantageous model to study circadian rhythmicity as well as the influence of pharmacological drugs on circadian gene expression. Importantly, the synchronization of the circadian system of fibroblasts can be done by different methods. The review presents an overview of the current knowledge of different synchronization methods mostly used in mice or rat fibroblasts. Furthermore, the review sums up and discusses the role of norepinephrine as a possible synchronizer agent.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2020-04-27T00:00:00+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1151-4947
       
  • Circadian Clocks in the Regulation of Neurotransmitter Systems

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      Authors: Kiehn; Jana-Thabea, Faltraco, Frank, Palm, Denise, Thome, Johannes, Oster, Henrik
      Abstract: To anticipate and adapt to daily recurring events defined by the earth’s rotation such as light-dark and temperature cycles, most species have developed internal, so-called circadian clocks. These clocks are involved in the regulation of behaviors such as the sleep-wake cycle and the secretion of hormones and neurotransmitters. Disruptions of the circadian system affect cognitive functions and are associated with various diseases that are characterized by altered neurotransmitter signaling. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the interplay of the circadian clock and the regulation of psychiatric health and disease.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2019-10-30T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1027-7055
      Issue No: Vol. eFirst
       
  • Hippocampal Dysfunction in Schizophrenia and Aberrant Hippocampal Synaptic
           Plasticity in Rodent Model Psychosis: a Selective Review

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      Authors: Bartsch; Julia C., Schott, Björn H., Behr, Joachim
      Abstract: Schizophrenia is a complex, heterogeneous psychiatric disorder that affects about 1% of the global population. Hippocampal dysfunction has been linked to both cognitive deficits and positive symptoms in schizophrenia. Here, we briefly review current findings on disrupted hippocampal processing from a clinical perspective before concentrating on preclinical studies of aberrant hippocampal synaptic plasticity using the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor hypofunction model of psychosis and related findings from genetic models. Taken together, the results put the case for maladaptive hippocampal synaptic plasticity and its extrinsic connections as mechanistic underpinnings of cognitive impairments in schizophrenia.
      Citation: Pharmacopsychiatry ; : -
      PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/a-0960-9846
      Issue No: Vol. eFirst
       
 
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