Subjects -> ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (Total: 913 journals)
    - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (810 journals)
    - POLLUTION (31 journals)
    - TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY (54 journals)
    - WASTE MANAGEMENT (18 journals)

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (810 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 378 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Chemical Health & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACS Environmental Au     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
ACS ES&T Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Brasiliensis     Open Access  
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Membranes     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultural & Environmental Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecological journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Amazon's Research and Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ambiens. Revista Iberoamericana Universitaria en Ambiente, Sociedad y Sustentabilidad     Open Access  
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
Animal - Open Space     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Environmental Science and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
Annual Review of Environment and Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Journal of Environmental Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Arcada : Revista de conservación del patrimonio cultural     Open Access  
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Arctic Environmental Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Atmospheric Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Atmospheric Environment : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Augm Domus : Revista electrónica del Comité de Medio Ambiente de AUGM     Open Access  
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Australasian Journal of Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Basic and Applied Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Biocenosis     Open Access  
Biochar     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Biofouling: The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioremediation Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Bothalia : African Biodiversity & Conservation     Open Access  
Built Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Carbon Capture Science & Technology     Open Access  
Carbon Resources Conversion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering     Open Access  
Cell Biology and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenges in Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chemico-Biological Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemosphere     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Chinese Journal of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Ambiente y Clima     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
City and Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clean Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner and Circular Bioeconomy (CLCB)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cleaner Energy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cleaner Environmental Systems     Open Access  
Cleaner Production Letters     Hybrid Journal  
Cleaner Waste Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cleanroom Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Climate Change Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Climate Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Climate Resilience and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Environmental Science     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Conservation Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Consilience : The Journal of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Problems of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica / Geographical Research Letters     Open Access  
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Environmental Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Forestry Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Landscape Ecology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Research in Environmental Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Die Bodenkultur : Journal of Land Management, Food and Environment     Open Access  
Disaster Prevention and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
disP - The Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Earth Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Earth System Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth System Science Data (ESSD)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Eco-Environment & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Eco-Thinking     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecocycles     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ecologia Aplicada     Open Access  
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 163)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecological Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ecological Indicators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Ecological Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Management & Restoration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Ecological Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Ecological Monographs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Ecological Processes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ecological Restoration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Ecologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Ecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 390)
Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Ecology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 275)
EcoMat : Functional Materials for Green Energy and Environment     Open Access  
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecoprint : An International Journal of Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ecosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Ecosystem Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ecotrophic : Journal of Environmental Science     Open Access  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Éducation relative à l'environnement     Open Access  
Electronic Green Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Empowering Sustainability International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Energy & Environmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Energy and Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Landscape Ecology Reports
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2364-494X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Urban Ecosystems Research in India: Advances and Opportunities

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review This article provides an overview of major research themes that address urban issues from a landscape perspective in India in the last 5 years. Landscape ecology research on urban ecosystems in India is largely focused on four themes—(i) landscape characterization, (ii) urban dynamics, (iii) urban heat island, and (iv) urban green spaces. Recent Findings Urban ecosystem research in India is dominated by studies utilizing remote sensing and GIS tools. Moderate resolution satellite data is most preferred to analyze changes within the city and its surroundings. Most of the studies from India are concentrated on urban dynamics and its characterization. In terms of size, studies are skewed, and focus more on larger cities. Also, studies are focused on analyzing changes in one city as compared to multiple cities. Urban growth modelling holds the potential to steer future urban growth policies of governing bodies and develop sustainable cities in the future. However, this is not well explored in Indian context and is still in its nascent stage. Research on thermal environment is concentrated on the nonlinear spatial relationships between multiple factors, and less on their interactions. In terms of green spaces, landscape connectivity and multifunctionality are largely missing. Much of the research addresses the availability of green spaces while accessibility is poorly understood. Summary Urban ecosystems in India are still in early developmental stages and research on mending urban issues from landscape perspective is one of the most promising choices. Learnings from past developmental trends, patterns, and policies can have a large impact on how future policies are drawn. For this, it is important to steer research into most pressing urban issues and advance them with new methodologies and actionable inferences. Research on urban problems in India is diversifying over time but needs cautious redirecting to address the needs of fast-paced unplanned urbanization. Studies in the past 5 years show a general trend towards individual case studies which provide quantitative measures of various themes. However, these studies fall short of analyzing government policies and their impacts on urban development and their consequences. Studies should also explore the integration of landscape planning and findings from urban heat island (UHI)– and urban green space (UGS)–related research to improve the living conditions in urban ecosystems. This would also require research on coupling of natural and socio-economic factors. The full potential of landscape research can only be realized by combining different themes of research as urban ecosystem is highly interdependent.
      PubDate: 2023-01-21
       
  • Does a Species’ Mobility Determine the Scale at Which It Is Influenced
           by the Surrounding Landscape Pattern'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Species at a site interact with environmental variables of the surrounding landscape, but the spatial extent (scale) at which such interaction is strongest (“scale of effect,” SOE) varies among species. SOE is hypothesized to be driven mainly by species’ mobility, as a more mobile species should interact with environmental variables across larger scales. Yet, previous reviews found little evidence for this expectation. This may be because the actual SOE is often outside the assessed range of scales, as suggested by the fact that the estimated SOE frequently equals the smallest or largest scale investigated. We conducted a systematic review of studies published during the last decade to assess whether SOE can be predicted by mobility-related species traits. We controlled for the effects of several study attributes, and repeated all analyses excluding the SOE values that equaled the smallest or largest scales investigated. Recent Findings We found 70 studies reporting 1059 SOE values for 291 species, but ~ 50% of SOE values were not scale sensitive. SOE was weakly related to six mobility-related traits, independently of the taxonomic group, especially after controlling for study attributes. They remained weak after excluding the SOE values that equaled the smallest or largest scales investigated. Summary Our results imply that SOE cannot be predicted a priori from mobility-related traits. Therefore, we suggest that multi-scale analyses covering a wide range of scales should become standard practice to ensure we are not missing landscape context effects due to studying them at the wrong scale.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
       
  • Forest Certification in the Context of the Functional Complex Network
           Approach for Forest Management

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review At its core, sustainable forest management should maintain all ecological functions and resilience within a range of natural variation. Thus, the main challenge is to develop and implement management strategies that focus on a scalable multi-purpose approach where multiple forest resources are extracted while promoting biodiversity, water and soil conservation, and carbon sequestration. Acknowledging that the complexity of the interactions among forest functions and biodiversity makes it difficult to understand the full consequences of forest management actions, we discuss the concepts of forest resilience and forest complexity as key elements of well-functioning forests and in the context of forest certification programs. Recent Findings Forest management has followed an approach based on complex adaptive systems and more recently as a functional complex network using functional traits of forest patches and network theory as pillars for its development. Summary We propose that the intrinsic nature of the forest certification program and the mechanisms associated with the development of certification standards present themselves as an encouraging path for landscape-level implementation of management actions for sustainable forests. Functional complex network approach to forest management addresses the complexity and conservation of forest ecological processes. In this context, we suggest that forest certification programs offer the means for implementation of this approach. Developing scalable forest management strategies that result in well-functioning forests will probably continue to be a problem for the foreseeable future, but we propose that the forest certification programs such as those presented in this paper are a step in the right direction.
      PubDate: 2022-12-02
       
  • Why We Need to Invest in Large-Scale, Long-Term Monitoring Programs in
           Landscape Ecology and Conservation Biology

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Large-scale and/or long-term monitoring has many important roles in landscape ecology and conservation biology. We explore some of these roles in this review. We also briefly discuss some of the key design issues that need to be considered when developing long-term, large-scale monitoring to ensure it is effective. Recent Findings Much has been written on the importance of ecological monitoring, but the record on monitoring in landscape ecology and conservation remains generally poor. For populations of many species and for many environmental management interventions, monitoring is rarely done, or done well. This review outlines some of the reasons it is critical to invest in well-designed, implemented, and maintained monitoring. New ways of using monitoring data, such as in environmental accounting and mandated environmental reporting, might provide avenues for garnering greater support for monitoring programs in the future. Summary We discuss seven of the most important roles of monitoring in landscape ecology and conservation biology. These are (1) documenting responses to environmental change, (2) answering key ecological questions, (3) testing existing ecological theory and developing new theory, (4) quantifying the effectiveness of management interventions, (5) informing environmental prediction systems, (6) engaging citizen scientists and the general public, and (7) contributing data and other insights to environmental initiatives. We illustrate these key roles with examples, drawn from existing large-scale, long-term work in a range of environments in Australia. We argue that some of these functions can only be realized if a monitoring program is well designed, implemented, and maintained.
      PubDate: 2022-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00079-2
       
  • Evidence for the Combined Impacts of Climate and Landscape Change on
           Freshwater Biodiversity in Real-World Environments: State of Knowledge,
           Research Gaps and Field Study Design Recommendations

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Multiple stressor studies conducted in real-world environments play an important role in discovering how stressor pathways may vary relative to ecological complexity and study scale. We reviewed the evidence for climate and landscape change impacts on freshwater biodiversity in real-world ecosystems at the global scale. Using our compiled database of 150 studies, we asked (1) what are the study characteristics within the available evidence base and (2) what are the main knowledge gaps and recommendations for future research' Recent Findings Most studies employed an observational design and examined climatic and landscape change trends over a broad regional spatial scale (median = 97 sites/study). Ecological complexity was well represented in studies with a median of 11 predictor variables that characterized the relevant climate, landscape condition, and many other environmental attributes. Community-level metrics were common response types across all biota including larger, more mobile organisms such as fish that are challenging to examine in an ecologically-relevant context within controlled laboratory settings. Summary We identified several knowledge gaps including the need for more published time-series data, particularly with respect to understanding climate change impacts. Other opportunities for improved future research included incorporating more stressor and biological interactions, examining potential climate stressors over multiple seasons and streamlining methods for dealing with the pervasive challenges of multicollinearity in real-world systems. We emphasize the unique role of ‘natural experiments’ in validating experimental findings and provide a suite of recommendations for creating more strategic field studies to inform conservation efforts.
      PubDate: 2022-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00074-7
       
  • Microlandscape Experiments: Are They Useful for Scale, Scaling, and
           Cross-Scale Inference'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Ecologists frequently must sample and do experiments at smaller scales than the processes of interest. Microlandscape experiments are one potential tool in landscape ecology, because these allow researchers to test hypotheses experimentally, something that is generally not possible in kilometer-extent landscapes. Another tool is to scale samples in space and/or time, and draw inferences across scales. However, scaling from small, experimental systems, and/or sample designs to the landscape level relies on cross-scale inference. The purpose of this review is to assess whether microlandscapes and small-scale sampling can be used successfully for cross-scale inference and identify the challenges of making cross-scale inferences. Recent Findings Cross-scaling work in landscape ecology and other disciplines is not always well integrated. We illustrate how concepts about similitude and cross-scaling for oceanography may yield insights for landscape ecology. Research using microlandscapes does not generally explicitly scale up to extents at which landscape ecologists often work. Summary Landscape ecologists should consider whether cross-scaling in their work is implicit or explicit and clearly identify the scope (ratio of the outer to the inner scale of a measured variable) of their research. The concept of similitude (which refers to the geometric, kinematic, dynamic, or other form of similarity between measured objects) may be useful to consider more in landscape ecology research.
      PubDate: 2022-09-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00077-4
       
  • Developing Strategies to Improve the Urban Environmental Structure
           Resiliency During and After Corona Pandemic: A Literature Review

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review The objective of this study is to review the literature on the role of urban environmental structures and to develop proper strategies to strengthen their resilience so that the management performance of the Corona disease can be enhanced. Recent Findings Cities have been severely affected by the Coronavirus pandemic. Changes in the lifestyle of citizens during the pandemic have led urban planners to the realization that the current structure and function of cities do not meet the needs of citizens. Hence, the structure of urban landscape must be transformed so that cities become livable ecosystems for citizens and the urban environment becomes resilient to all kinds of crises. As a result, considering the new standards of life during the pandemic, the question of what changes to the urban planning and design are required to make cities viable and resilient systems arises. Since the year 2020, much research has been published on the impact of Coronavirus on the lifestyle of citizens and the urban environment. These impacts have positively or negatively affected the structure and function of cities in a direct or indirect manner. Similar to all the related studies, the necessity of making changes to the planning and design of urban landscapes has been emphasized here. Summary The present study reviews the literature on the effect of the structure of the urban environment on the corona pandemic management. The objective is to develop proper strategies for planning and designing resilient urban landscapes. It is emphasized that in order to realize the dream of resilient cities during and after the pandemic, the need to develop an interconnected network of green and open urban patches, green transportation system, green neighborhoods, and green residential buildings should be met so that urban resilience and livability can be achieved at a higher level.
      PubDate: 2022-09-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00078-3
       
  • Recent Evidence of Scale Matches and Mismatches Between Ecological Systems
           and Management Actions

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review In reviewing the most recent literature, this article seeks to assess whether empirical studies support the proposition that scale mismatches between ecological processes and resource management actions—with a focus on conservation measures—result in poorer performance of those actions. Furthermore, the article aims to identify patterns and valuable insights from recent empirical literature in relation to this conceptual framework. Recent Findings We reviewed 122 case studies in 93 papers published mainly in the last 5 years. We identified the outcomes of the relevant management action and evaluated the nature of these scale matches and mismatches in time, space, and functional properties across five different conservation strategies and five distinct types of ecological systems. Summary Our findings largely support the scale fit conceptual framework. Spatial scale (mis)matches are documented and published far more frequently than temporal and functional case studies. Furthermore, mismatches outnumber matches in the reviewed literature. However, certain realms of conservation practice such as farmland and fishery management were exceptions to this rule. We encourage documenting and publishing more examples of successful scale matches, especially in areas where they are lacking, in order to provide valuable experience and inspiration for the planning of future conservation efforts.
      PubDate: 2022-08-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00076-5
       
  • Pyrodiversity in a Warming World: Research Challenges and Opportunities

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Climate change will continue to alter spatial and temporal variation in fire characteristics, or pyrodiversity. The causes of pyrodiversity and its consequences for biological communities are emerging as a promising research area with great potential for understanding and predicting global change. We reviewed the literature related to the causes and consequences of pyrodiversity over the 3-year period 2019–2021 to identify emerging themes and innovations. Recent Findings Key innovations include multi-scale analyses of pyrodiversity, a focus on mechanisms underlying single-species responses to pyrodiversity, investigating how pyrodiversity influences community stability and beta-diversity, and novel, integrative approaches for measuring pyrodiversity. Summary Pyrodiversity research is still maturing, and will benefit from exploration of multi-scale, gradient analysis of integrated (multi-measure) pyrodiversity metrics, an increased focus on how climate change may influence pyrodiversity across different systems, and a stronger framework for operational pyrodiversity within the context of land management. We suggest that research focusing on pyrodiversity could be generalized to include “turbadiversity,” or the cumulative patterns of heterogeneity produced by multiple types of disturbances (i.e., not just fire).
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00075-6
       
  • Assessing the Synergistic Effects of Land Use and Climate Change on
           Terrestrial Biodiversity: Are Generalists Always the Winners'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review There is increasing evidence that land use and land cover (LULC) change interacts with climate change to shape biodiversity dynamics. The prevailing hypothesis suggests that generalist species have an advantage in novel climatic and land cover conditions, while specialists are expected to be more sensitive to both stressors (generalization hypothesis). Some posit, however, that specialization is key to success in the face of combined climate and LULC change (specialization hypothesis). The goal of this review is to examine recent evidence for the generalization and specialization hypotheses. Recent Findings Recent findings at population, species, and community levels provide initial support for the generalization hypothesis—i.e., that wide niche breadths are advantageous in the face of the combined threats of climate and LULC change. Evidence for the specialization hypothesis, however, also exists. Variation among studies in terms of their geographic context, spatial and temporal extent, environmental conditions, taxonomic scope, and metrics used to quantify niche breadth is a likely factor underlying the contradictory evidence for the generalization and specialization hypotheses. Summary Recent research suggests that generalist species are likely able to withstand greater changes brought about by climate and LULC change than specialist species because they persist in environmental conditions that are typically further away from their thermal or resource limits. However, to fully understand factors driving species’ vulnerability to interaction of climate and LULC change, future work should adopt standardized descriptions of niche breadth, retain consistent taxonomic scope whenever possible, and provide increased replication across different geographic contexts.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00073-8
       
  • Mathematical Modeling: Does Landscape Science Need to Become
           an Exact Science'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review In this article, I consider how ideas about the role of mathematics in the formation of landscape studies as those lying between inexact (descriptive) and exact (physical) sciences have changed historically. In his little-known work of 1888, V. V. Dokuchaev answered the question of what was required for a descriptive science, like soil science, to turn into an exact discipline. It took more than a hundred years for Soviet and Russian landscape studies, established in the late 1940s, to move on in the direction of exact sciences owing to informatization. Recent Finding This work was perfomed in the Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences within the framework of state assignment. Recent developments in the field of mathematical modeling in Russian landscape science concern the creation of the theory of polygeosystem modeling by applying abstract entities (fiber categories) to characterize landscape entities. Another important direction is presented by geophysical foundation of polystructural landscape organization. A new approach to the development of theory of landscape studies based on landscape radioecology (a branch of landscape ecology) investigating the transformation of patterns of radionuclide pollution has also been proposed. Summary V. V. Dokuchaev’s rhetorical question formulated more than a hundred years about requirements necessary for landscape science as a descriptive science turning into an exact science has so far not been finally resolved. A borderline position of modern landscape science — between exact (modeling) and inexact sciences (applied landscape science) — is one of its strengths, whose benefits can be used to further its progress.
      PubDate: 2022-07-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00071-w
       
  • Agricultural Landscape Studies in Russian Federation

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review We have analyzed the history of formation and development of the landscape approach to the rational organization of agrolandscapes in Russia. The main stages of the development of agrolandscape theory and its introduction into practice have been revealed. This process has been going on for the last 120 years and has resulted in substantiation, development, and testing of adaptive landscape farming systems. Recent Findings The organization of optimal agrolandscapes is based on the following principles: regional, typological, dynamic, geochemical, and landscape-ecological. Particular attention is paid to methods of agroecological assessment of natural conditions of the territory. The complexity of applying these methods is associated with a large variety of climatic soil and geomorphological conditions of the country. The main purpose of agroecological assessment is to carry out landscape-ecological grouping of lands. As a result, groups of elementary landscapes with similar conditions for growing of cultivated plants are distinguished. Such groupings serve as a basis for designing systems of farming. Summary The analysis shows that in recent years, adaptive landscape farming systems have been actively introduced in Russia in different zonal and geomorphological conditions. They are built taking into account microclimatic features and minimizing the impact of negative exogenous processes in the landscape. Prospects for the development of adaptive landscape farming are related to the practice of landscape planning in general. Digital soil mapping, geochemistry, and geophysics of the landscape can provide it with additional opportunities.
      PubDate: 2022-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00072-9
       
  • Geosystem Approach to Landscape Pattern and Process Studies in Russia

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review In this review we, first, describe the geosystem approach to studying landscape structure and functioning developing in the twenty-first century in Russia. Second, we highlight the dominant research targets. Third, we classify research issues into leitmotifs that allow getting insight into systemic organization of a landscape. Finally, trends and prospects for each leitmotif are discussed. Recent Findings We identified six principal research targets: (a) delineation, description, and classification of geosystems; (b) identification and quantification of radial relationships between geocomponents and lateral relationships between geosystems; (c) assessment of natural complexes for applied purposes; (d) forecast of changes under the influence of internal or external forces; (e) adaptation of human activities to spatial differences within a landscape; (d) planning activities in connection with existing spatial differences. Seven leitmotifs are commonly followed: (a) geotopological quasi-determinism; (b) landscape diversity; (c) inter-geocomponent radial relationships; (d) integrating and differentiating function of lateral flows; (e) self-development, self-regulation, and self-organization; (f) emergent effects of spatial interactions; (g) chronosequence of dynamic states and evolutionary stages; (h) landscape as a reactor. The present-day concept implies the focus on multiplicity of landscape-forming processes acting at various scale levels, self-development, and probabilistic relationships between geocomponents and between geosystems. Summary Current trends in geosystem studies are expected to increase understanding emergent effects of spatial relationships, to ensure 3-dimensional multiscale and polystructural view on landscape, to focus on nonlinearity and critical thresholds in between-geocomponent relationships, and to elaborate quantitative predictive models of future spatial patterns.
      PubDate: 2022-06-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00070-x
       
  • Basin Approach as a Tool for Landscape Assessment and Planning

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review In this paper, I review the interplay between landscape and basin structures in Russian landscape geography, landscape ecology, landscape hydrology, and landscape planning. This discussion includes the following topics: (1) drainage basin as a geosystem; (2) effects of flows in basin on landscape structure formation; (3) landscape paradigm as an alternative approach to mathematical-physical hydrological modeling; (4) the hydrological functions of landscapes; and (5) landscape-basin interactions in environmental management and spatial planning. Recent Findings Recent Russian developments in the field of landscape-basin interactions are the natural continuation of the work begun in previous years. The new results show that the large area of Russia, the presence of ungauged catchments, and the deficiency of hydrological information make the landscape paradigm a good alternative and addition to mathematical-physical runoff modeling. Most researchers agree that the combination of basin and landscape grids is the best way to optimize environmental management. The combination of landscape-genetic and basin approaches turned out to be effective in water consumption management, multifunctional forest management, prevention of erosion, ecological tourism, etc. Summary The basin organization of the territory supplements the landscape organization of objects and phenomena. The idea of the hydrological functions of the landscape is the basis for the hydrological zoning of river basins. Such zoning makes it possible to identify areas in the river basin for which it is possible to predict changes in runoff in various hydrological phases under the influence of natural factors or anthropogenic impacts. The landscape-hydrological analysis is adapted to the methodology of spatial planning. Nevertheless, the spatial planning based on the basin-landscape approach has difficulties, since environmental management is entirely connected to administrative units.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-022-00069-4
       
  • Connectivity in the Urban Landscape (2015–2020): Who' Where'
           What' When' Why' and How'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review This review uses a combination of narrative and systematic review techniques, including automated content analysis (ACA), to summarize the last 5 years of research on urban connectivity. It addresses the evolution of the field relative to prior reviews, identifies common themes and research gaps in the studies, and assesses the use of novel methods and data. Recent Findings We found a broadening of geographic and taxonomic scope in recent studies, including more research from Chinese cities and on multiple species. We also found more studies that covered multiple time periods than have been documented in prior reviews. However, we observed a continuing reliance on best professional judgment rather than empirical field data to parameterize models and on analytic methods that are 10–20 years old. Our review framework identified several distinct conceptual themes in the literature including foci on land cover, including roads, water, and vegetation; green spaces and infrastructure; ecological conservation, planning, and management; habitat structure and function; and species movement. Summary Urban areas offer the opportunity to leverage unique data sets and novel analytical methods that incorporate both human and other biological needs for connectivity, acknowledging that these two needs may not always align. In terms of data, few of the connectivity results were supported by or tested with empirical data. While nearly two-thirds of the papers reviewed included some measure of functional connectivity, which is an increase from previous reviews, future research would benefit from new modeling approaches that explicitly incorporate the challenges of measuring landscape connectivity within the urban context and from a clear set of shared objectives and goals.
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-021-00068-x
       
  • Diversifying Landscapes for Wild Bees: Strategies for North American
           Prairie Agroecosystems

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review We reviewed the common mechanisms through which intensively cropped landscapes are modified to increase wild bee abundance and diversity in North American prairie ecosystems. We categorized these efforts into three main categories: retaining parcels of land identified as important to wild bee communities, augmenting currently cropped areas to increase available resources, and restoring spaces from cropland to pollinator habitat. We discuss considerations that should be included at both the farm and “farm-neighborhood” scale, and review the literature pertaining to the costs and benefits of each strategy. Recent Findings Wild bee conservation has been a topic of much interest in the past decade, with research generally focused at the field scale. Initial studies have focused on providing evidence that restoring, augmenting, and retaining land for wild bees shows the desired effects. Research quantifying the costs associated with each method still has significant knowledge gaps, as does understanding patterns of variability common in natural prairie ecosystems. Summary Retaining, augmenting, and restoring habitat for wild pollinators can create “win-win” scenarios for both wild bees and land-use decision-makers, whereby increased insect abundance has the potential to increase yield. There are considerations to be taken into account at both the farm and farm-neighborhood scale, and we present a framework which can be used to demonstrate the value of non-cropped areas to land-use decision-makers. Rapidly developing technology, such as GPS yield monitoring, has the potential to dramatically increase our power to detect which areas of a field may be ideal candidates for restoration or augmentation efforts.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-021-00066-z
       
  • Open-source Tools in R for Landscape Ecology

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Landscape ecology, the study of the complex interactions between landscapes and ecological processes, has hugely benefited from the increase in widely available open-source software in recent years. In particular, the R programming language provides a wealth of community developed tools for landscape ecology. Recent Findings In this paper, we examine existing packages for downloading, processing and visualisation of spatial data, as well as those specifically developed for spatial ecological analysis. Additionally, we outline the results of a survey of R users within the landscape ecology community. Summary We found that landscape ecologists are generally satisfied with the functionality available within R, and that as a community they are continually further developing the functionality available. Suggested future developments include improvement of computation performance; additional methods for landscape characterisation such as surface metrics; and advanced, accessible visualisation tools.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-021-00067-y
       
  • Responses of Vertebrate Wildlife to Oil and Natural Gas Development:
           Patterns and Frontiers

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Anthropogenic activities can lead to the loss, fragmentation, and alteration of wildlife habitats. I reviewed the recent literature (2014–2019) focused on the responses of avian, mammalian, and herpetofaunal species to oil and natural gas development, a widespread and still-expanding land use worldwide. My primary goals were to identify any generalities in species’ responses to development and summarize remaining gaps in knowledge. To do so, I evaluated the directionality of a wide variety of responses in relation to taxon, location, development type, development metric, habitat type, and spatiotemporal aspects. Recent Findings Studies (n = 70) were restricted to the USA and Canada, and taxonomically biased towards birds and mammals. Longer studies, but not those incorporating multiple spatial scales, were more likely to detect significant responses. Negative responses of all types were present in relatively low frequencies across all taxa, locations, development types, and development metrics but were context-dependent. The directionality of responses by the same species often varied across studies or development metrics. Summary The state of knowledge about wildlife responses to oil and natural gas development has developed considerably, though many biases and gaps remain. Studies outside of North America and that focus on herpetofauna are lacking. Tests of mechanistic hypotheses for effects, long-term studies, assessment of response thresholds, and experimental designs that isolate the effects of different stimuli associated with development, remain critical. Moreover, tests of the efficacy of habitat mitigation efforts have been rare. Finally, investigations of the demographic effects of development across the full annual cycle were absent for non-game species and are critical for the estimation of population-level effects.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-021-00065-0
       
  • Changes in Land Use and Land Cover Along an Urban-Rural Gradient Influence
           Floral Resource Availability

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review While several hundred thousand species of insects, mammals, and birds rely on flowers for food or reproduction, a surprising dearth of literature focuses specifically on floral resources. An understanding of floral resource availability is particularly necessary in urban areas, which have recently been proposed as important habitat for declining pollinator populations. In this study, we aim to synthesize existing information and provide new insights about the effects of land use and land cover (LULC) change and urbanization on the distribution, diversity, and abundance of floral resources. Recent Findings Our results suggest that certain LULC types provide more floral resources than others. In particular, urban lands may have higher floral density than agricultural or natural lands. However, we also observed inconsistent findings between studies, and the relationship between urbanization and floral resource availability may vary by city, with this variation possibly due in part to city size, LULC composition, regional biome, and biases in sampling. Summary It appears that cities have the potential to provide an important source of floral resources. However, a complete understanding of the effects of urbanization on floral resources requires that landscape composition and heterogeneity be taken into account. We recommend that more studies estimate floral resource availability at a landscape scale by combining data about LULC composition with data about floral resource availability within various LULC types. These studies should focus specifically on flower communities and be conducted along a full urban-rural gradient.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-021-00064-1
       
  • Urban Landscape Genetics: Are Biologists Keeping Up with the Pace of
           Urbanization'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Urbanization has the potential to jeopardize the sustainability of populations of organisms living within and dispersing across urban areas. Landscape genetics approaches offer a great promise for quantifying how urban features affect ecological and evolutionary processes for species living within and around cities. In this review, we assess the current state (2015–2020) of urban landscape genetics research, examining what types of urban features are quantified, what genetic measures are used, what species are studied, and in which geographic regions they are conducted. We then make recommendations for future research. Recent Findings We identified relatively few landscape genetic studies conducted within urban areas published in the last 5 years. We also found a publication bias towards certain taxa and geographic regions (mainly mammals studied in North America), based on results from relatively few molecular markers. These studies used varied measures of urbanization in their analysis, but the most common was urban land use/land cover measured at different resolutions, followed by buildings/development and transportation infrastructure (roads, railroads, and tramways). The results of these studies reflect previously conducted urban research findings that urban features may inhibit, facilitate, or have no correlation with gene flow, usually a product of which focal taxa is being studied, as well as what urban features are present/measured within variable cityscapes. Summary We urge future research to directly measure urban features and stress the need for explicitly sampling within and around urban areas to gain full understanding of whether urbanization impedes, facilitates, or does not affect genetic differentiation between populations. To facilitate the development of robust theory, we urge the formation of a global network of urban landscape geneticists to collaborate and sample diverse taxa, in varied global landscapes and climates, and analyze genome-wide datasets for more robust conclusions about gene flow and genetic diversity. We advocate for analyzing urban features at multiple scales to allow broad conclusions about the effects of urbanization across studies, taxa, and regions. Finally, we recommend that study designs include social, cultural, and economic differences in human land use, which have the potential to affect how species disperse, survive, and reproduce in urban areas. Taking these factors into account, we can make novel advances in understanding how complex urban landscapes shape contemporary evolution.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40823-021-00062-3
       
 
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