Subjects -> ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (Total: 960 journals)
    - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (853 journals)
    - POLLUTION (31 journals)
    - WASTE MANAGEMENT (18 journals)

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (853 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 378 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Chemical Health & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ACS ES&T Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Brasiliensis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Acta Environmentalica Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Regionalia et Environmentalica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultural & Environmental Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agroecological journal     Open Access  
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Amazon's Research and Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ambiência     Open Access  
Ambiens. Revista Iberoamericana Universitaria en Ambiente, Sociedad y Sustentabilidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 85)
Annals of Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Environmental Science and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 89)
Annual Review of Environment and Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Journal of Environmental Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Arcada : Revista de conservación del patrimonio cultural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Arctic Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Atmospheric Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Atmospheric Environment : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Augm Domus : Revista electrónica del Comité de Medio Ambiente de AUGM     Open Access  
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australasian Journal of Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Basic and Applied Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Biocenosis     Open Access  
Biochar     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Biofouling: The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bioremediation Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMC Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Boletín Instituto de Derecho Ambiental y de los Recursos Naturales     Open Access  
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bothalia : African Biodiversity & Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Built Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Casopis Slezskeho Zemskeho Muzea - serie A - vedy prirodni     Open Access  
Cell Biology and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenges in Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Chemico-Biological Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemosphere     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
China Population, Resources and Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia, Ambiente y Clima     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
City and Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clean Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleanroom Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Climate Change Ecology     Open Access  
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Climate Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Climate Resilience and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Environmental Science     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Conservation Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Consilience : The Journal of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Problems of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica / Geographical Research Letters     Open Access  
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Environmental Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Current Environmental Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Forestry Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Landscape Ecology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology     Open Access  
Current Research in Environmental Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current World Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Developments in Earth and Environmental Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Earth Surface Processes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Environmental Modelling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Developments in Environmental Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Integrated Environmental Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Die Bodenkultur : Journal of Land Management, Food and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Disaster Prevention and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
disP - The Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Divulgación Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Dynamiques Environnementales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Earth Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Earth System Governance     Open Access  
Earth System Science Data (ESSD)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Eco-Thinking     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ecocycles     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ecologia Aplicada     Open Access  
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 218)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ecological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Engineering : X     Open Access  
Ecological Indicators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ecological Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Management & Restoration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Ecological Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
Ecological Monographs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Ecological Processes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ecological Restoration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Ecologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Ecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 483)
Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 104)
Ecology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 343)
EcoMat : Functional Materials for Green Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecoprint : An International Journal of Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ecosystem Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1336-5835 - ISSN (Online) 2199-6512
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [476 journals]
  • Behavior of Square Footing Resting on Gypseous Soil and Surrounded by a
           Sheet Pile Wall

    • Abstract: Laboratory model is used in this study to investigate the behavior of centrally loaded square footing resting on gypseous soil, and surrounded by a sheet pile wall at a distance of 2B from the footing edge and extend in depth to 2B as well. During this study the soil were subjected to ten cycles of saturation and drainage at one-week interval to simulate heavy rainfalls or floods. It should be noted that the soaking water were added only outside the area surrounded by the sheet pile. Four points were chosen to detect gypsum solubility, three of them below the footing edge at different depths and one outside the sheet pile wall for comparison. It has been found that the dissolved gypsum below the footing is significantly less than the one outside the sheet pile wall. For each cycle of saturation-drainage the gypsum content is found to be reduced by 3 % and 0.8 % for the outsider point and for average of the three points respectively. Settlement during first cycle of saturation – drainage was twice as the second cycle and about four times of the third cycle. However, this first cycle settlement is about 25 % of the settlement of footing where no sheet pile wall is used. To sum up, the sheet pile wall found to be an effective protection to reduce the collapsibility of gypsum soil and to reduce footing settlement.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • A Model - Based Approach for Leak Detection in Water Distribution Networks
           Based on Optimisation and GIS Applications

    • Abstract: This paper describes the development of an integrated approach for water pipe network calibration and quantifying leaks. The approach merges both field measurements and linear programming to pinpoint pipe leaks (physical losses); then applies Genetic Algorithms (GA) to identify faulty meters and meter thefts (apparent losses). Besides; throughout the process, GIS is used for input data integration and output representation. The developed model is based on GA but is different in its representation, introducing a new adaptive constraint handling function and a new mutation function. Also, the use of floating-point representation enables the calibration of a large number of unknown parameters without compromising the accuracy and precision of the solutions. While the newly introduced constraint handling function robust the solution towards a near level of agreement between real and calculated values. A pilot site is used to test the model and approach, comparing before and after field results to ensure accuracy. The model integrates EPAnet for the required hydraulic modeling during the simulation. The results prove the approach’s accuracy and efficiency.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Life Cycle Cost Optimization of Residential Buildings in Bulgaria: a Case
           Study of the Building Envelope

    • Abstract: Around 60 % of residential buildings in Bulgaria are constructed before the Nineties of the last century, i.e. they have been in use for more than 30 years. Furthermore, the final energy consumption of Bulgarian residential buildings is the highest in Europe. This raises the question of the improvement of the energy performance of existing residential buildings. The current study is intended to assess the influence of the heat transmittance coefficient of the external building envelop elements on the annual energy consumption for heating and cooling and finding its optimal value. Life-cycle cost (LCC) as the optimization criterion is using. The optimization procedure is conducted for the climatic and economic conditions in Bulgaria and taking into account the existing legal framework. The minimum of the building life cycle costs is determined by using a genetic algorithm.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Characteristics of Hollow Compressed Earth Block Stabilized Using Cement,
           Lime, and Sodium Silicate

    • Abstract: This research aims to produce a Compressed Earth Block (CEB) product using locally available soil collected from northern Jordan. The CEB mixture was further stabilized using Portland cement, lime, and sodium silicate. The research significance is based upon the urgent need of most developing countries (e.g. Jordan, Egypt…etc) to build more durable and low-cost houses by using locally available materials. As a result, CEB was identified as a cheap and environmentally friendly construction material. CEB specimens were thoroughly characterized by studying the mechanical properties and durability characteristics. Blocks of 30 x 15 x 8 cm with two holes of 7.5 cm in diameter have a potential for higher enduring, higher compressive strength, better thermal insulation, and lower production cost. Blocks were manufactured with an addition of 8 % for either Portland cement or lime, as well as 2 % of sodium silicate to the soil. The results showed that the addition of 8 % of cement to the CEB achieves satisfactory results in both mechanical and durability properties. Also, the addition of sodium silicate was found to enhance the early-age compressive strength however it affected negatively the durable properties of blocks by increasing the erosion rate and deterioration when exposed to water.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Measuring the Influence of Communication Planning Towards Construction
           Project Performance

    • Abstract: Effective communication is necessary for the success of construction project performance. Due to its nature, effective communication is required to coordinate all parties involved in construction projects such as owners, project managers, engineers, subcontractors, etc. Few previous studies have addressed the issues of construction project communication, particularly in the communication planning stage. This paper aimed to investigate how far the communication planning has been effectively implemented in several construction projects in Jakarta and measure how big the influence to project performance. It adopts a quantitative method by distributing questionnaire surveys to contractors and consultants in Jakarta. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data which presents that communication planning has been implemented by 78.02 % of the responses and significantly impact the project performances. This paper offers useful implications for practitioners on how construction project teams (from contractors and consultants) should carefully manage the communication process particularly during its planning stage.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Numerical Analysis of Corrosion Reinforcements in Fibrous Concrete Beams

    • Abstract: This paper offers a finite element method (FEM) to simulate the behavior of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) beams with corrosion of the longitudinal reinforcement using the ABAQUS package. This work was undertaken with the concrete damaged plasticity model (CDP). The expansion of corrosion product was utilized to represent the steel-concrete boundary to study the behavior of SFRC beams. Three beams with three volume fractions of steel fiber (0.8 %, 1.2 %, and 1.8 %) and three reinforced concrete (RC) beams with and without stirrups were created and tested under four-point loading to assess the shear capacity of beams. Corrosion of rebars at one of the RC beams that does not contain shear reinforcements will be studied. The crack patterns and load deflections of these beams were compared with experimental results found by the authors. The conclusions of this analysis will be valuable in considering the structural behavior of SFRC structures with uniform steel bar corrosion using FEM. Analytical results showed that the suggested model is qualified in better simulation and in accuracy of numerical and experimental results. The differences between analytical and experimental results were less than 8 % for load carrying capacity and 14 % for deflection; these differences are also satisfactory within the limits of the engineering conclusion.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of Steel Fibers and Temperature on the Mechanical Properties of
           Reactive Powder Concrete

    • Abstract: Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC) is a concrete of the modern generation it mainly contains a high percentage of cement and a small percentage of water For cement as well as the presence of fine sand, ground quartz and silica dust. This research aims Studying the behavior and mechanical characteristics of RPC exposed to elevated temperatures. The key variables in this study are steel fibers content and the high temperatures of different levels 25, 200, 300, 400 ºC. Mechanical properties of concrete behavior including compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, stress-strain relationship (modulus of elasticity), and flexural strength. The test findings indicated that the Output strength of RPC specimens decreased when the high temperature increases. At a temperature of 400 °C, all samples lost the compressive strength and splitting tensile strength.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The Impact of Ventilation and Shading Control on the Result of Summer
           Overheating Simulation

    • Abstract: The most suitable methods for increasing the climate resistance of buildings on hot summer days are intensive ventilation and effective external shading. However, it is possible to discuss what kind of approach used, while simulating the control of these two elements in energy simulation programs, to make the result as much representative as possible. We created and compared three different control modes for this purpose. The basic mode represented models created from monitoring of habits of building users, while the second mode represented an automatic system based on sensory control. The third mode represented models that provide an early warning system against a series of hot days. They intervene in windows and blinds control for a several days in advance. The base mode using the schedules reached more than 2 °C higher maximum indoor air temperature than the two others in a direct comparison of these three systems by simulating a simple building. It also has been shown that with a relatively simple early warning system, it would be possible to replace an even more complex automatic system.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Pastophorium in the Church of St. Catherine in Handlova in the Context of
           the Morphology of Gothic Pastophoria of Slovakia

    • Abstract: The project Geometric Analysis of Architectural Elements of Gothic Architecture in Handlová and its surroundings was dedicated to the documentation of stone Gothic elements of sacral buildings. The aim was to make photographs and drawings for the needs of maintenance and restoration of monuments and also to process geometric analyzes of suitable stone elements. Knowledge of the geometric construction, which is the basis of the design process, can help the correct renewal and presentation, possibly with the addition of missing parts or correction of previous inappropriate interventions. The article is focused on one type of element - pastophorium - niche, a box for storing sacral objects and the Eucharist hosts and its forms in the Gothic churches of Slovakia. The various forms of Gothic pastophorias in terms of the shape and context of the supporting wall of the temple and the stone decoration of the niche / box are briefly pointed out. Geometric analysis of one of the studied pastophores - in the church of St. Katarína in Handlová - forms the conclusion of the article.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Modified Reed Equation of Blast Load on Plate with Stiffener

    • Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze numerically the effect of explosions on orthotropic slabs which have partial fixity placement and stiffeners in the x direction, namely in the short span direction. The modified blast load dynamic behavior is from Reed’s equation with 4th order polynomial on orthotropic plates with x-direction stiffener. The localized blast load centered in the middle of the strain, and the effects of thickness and stiffening on the vertical deflection of the plates are solved numerically using two auxiliary equations in the x and y-directions. It is found that there is vertical deflection with related to time.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Investigation of Compressive Strength of Straw Reinforced Unfired Clay
           Bricks For Sustainable Building Construction

    • Abstract: The mud is considered as one of the oldest construction materials in Iraq and is still used in the country regions for farmer’s houses or animal shelters. In Iraq, there are different types of mud constructions, including adobe, unfired bricks and cob. The presented study has focused on unfired clay brick where the clay is the main material. To ensure that the clay is pure and clean, it was excavated from the depth of 2 m below the natural ground level. Different types of unfired clay bricks produced by adding different materials to the clay to improve its properties and especially large deformation due to shrinkage. The added materials are classified into three concepts, the first additives are the natural fibers (straw, sawdust, and rice husk) and they are used to improve the tensile strength of brick and reduce the cracking due to shrinkage. The second additives included added the fine and coarse sand as a stabilizer to reduce the volumetric changes. The third additives are adding cement to increase the adhesive and cohesion of the mud matrix. The measurements included compressive strength of brick, mortar, and masonry and the flexural strength of bricks alone. The behaviour of unfired masonry prisms was also compared to the traditionally fired clay brick prisms. The results indicate that higher compressive strength of bricks was got for the mix that included clay, coarse sand and straw. The maximum flexural strength of bricks was got for the mix that included clay and sawdust, while for unfired masonry prism the higher compressive strength was obtained with a mix that included clay, coarse sand and straw. Finally, a proposed formula to obtain the compressive strength of unfired brick masonry from the compressive strength of brick and mortar is presented.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Risk Management Process on the Property Development of NUSA DUA Resort
           Bali Indonesia

    • Abstract: This research identifies risk sources, identifies risk factors, identifies the level of danger, identifies the level of vulnerability, identifies the level of capacity and determines risk priorities. Data collection was carried out through interviews and filling out questionnaires by resource persons involved in property development in the tourism area of Nusa Dua Resort ITDC Bali Province. The results showed that the risk factors that receive priority to be continuously mitigated and monitored are: interest rate and inflation risk, design risk, land maturation risk, and development financing risk. The level of risk in the development of the Nusa Dua Resort area is in the acceptable category so that it is feasible to build. The risk management process in this research can be applied to property development projects to help interested parties make investment decisions.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Residual Tensile Stress Estimation for Shear Strength of UHPC Nonprismatic

    • Abstract: Estimating the shear strength of Ultra-High-Performance Concrete (UHPC), with high compressive and tensile strengths, is complicated by many variables that affecting its behavior. Residual tensile stress (RTS) plays an important role in raising the efficiency of both types of resistance, especially shear strength due to the presence of steel fibers, which makes it difficult to quantify the residual tensile stress due to the different failure patterns of these fibers and the distribution mechanism within the concrete matrix. There is no study to date in assessing residual tensile stress of UHPC structural members of the variable section. Thirteen beams were selected as an experimental program to study six main variables in determining shear strength. Stirrups ratio, flexural reinforcement ratio, the volumetric fraction of steel fibers, geometry changing, existing openings along the longitudinal axis, and shear span to depth ratio. According to on Tests results, RTS is compatible with most of the global specifications.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Analysis of Prestressing in Precast Prestressed Concrete Beams

    • Abstract: Knowledge of prestressing force’s value is in the case of prestressed concrete structure the most important basis for defining load-carrying capacity and remaining service life. Numbers of prestressed concrete structures are about to reach their limit of service life and they are exhibiting signs of deterioration due to the conceptional errors, inadequate maintenance and environmental distress. All of these factors negatively influence the actual state of prestressing. Thus, it is essential to determine the value of prestressing force considering the degradation of materials, such as corrosion of prestressing strands or wires. While assessing structure in service, it is difficult to apply magnetoelastic sensors or use other direct methods for determining the state of prestressing. Hence, the indirect methods enable to analytically calculate the prestressing force based on the results of measurement, e.g. strain, stress, deflection, or width of the crack. The present paper focuses on numerical analysis of prestressing in a twosome of precast prestressed concrete beams. For the numerical analysis, two indirect methods are applied, specifically Saw-cut method and Crack initiation method. Finally, the results are discussed and recommendations for the experimental campaign are summarized.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Analysis of Slope Stability

    • Abstract: In the paper the numerical modelling of ensuring slope stability and their analysing with using of different numerical methods are presented. We have designed the cutting walls with earth nails and anchors securing for modelling of slope stability ensuring. The calculate and the mechanism of failure process of the reinforced slopes were studied using the different methods for slope stability. The nailing significantly increased the stability level for using Spencer method. The anchors increased the stability level for using Spencer method. Increasing the nail or anchors length improved the stability of the reinforced slopes. The reinforced slope exhibited a significant the stability level.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Experimental Study of Hollow Slender Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected
           to Eccentric Loads

    • Abstract: This paper was focused on the investigating on the behavior of hollow slender reinforced concrete columns subjected to the axial loads. A total of seven specimens were designed as slender reinforced columns and these were divided into two groups. Each column is symmetrical and had a rectangular cross section of 140 × 80 mm and 2000 mm in length. The column was reinforced by 6Ø6mm for longitudinal reinforcement and Ø6@6 mm bars were used for transverse reinforcement ties. The effect of strengthening by CFRP sheet on the buckling of column, eccentricity 20, 40 and 120 mm and opening shape were studied. The results showed that the strengthened columns by CFRP caused an in the ultimate load CFRP were 26.3 % and 76.3 % for strengthened lengths of L/4 and L respectively compared with the un-strengthened column. The ultimate load of columns is reduced with existing the load eccentricity and amount of losses in strength increased with increasing the eccentricity. Also, it was found the hollow columns having circular holes had better performance compared to hollow columns having rectangular hole
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Experimental Tests of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Slabs and Comparison of
           Deformations Using 3D Graphs

    • Abstract: The presented article deals with experimental testing of fiber-reinforced concrete slabs using a specialized testing device, the so-called Stand. The experimental testing involved a total of three slabs with different fiber dosing. Dosing was chosen of 25, 50, and 75 kg/m3. In the case of fiber dosing of 75 kg/m3, the concrete recipe was changed with regard of fiber dosing. The test equipment allows vertical loading of the elements and, together with the installed track sensors and computer technology, records the vertical deformations. The deformation of the slabs was evaluated using 2D deformation sections in the slabs of mounted sensors and using 3D deformation sections with the use of interpolation of intermediate values. The article is supplemented by a test evaluation of the mechanical properties. These were concrete compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, and tensile strength. The mechanical properties were also tested and evaluated for plain concrete (dosage 0 kg/m3). By evaluating the mechanical properties and deformations, it is possible to observe differences in the behavior of fiber-reinforced concrete elements for different degrees of fiber reinforcement. The article evaluates the positive effect of fibers on the load capacity and the deformations of slabs.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Fragility Curve Analysis of Medium Cable Stayed Bridge

    • Abstract: The seismic performance of a bridge can be shown by analyzing the vulnerability of the structure in resisting an earthquake motion and then developing into fragility curves. This study presents a convenient method to establish the fragility curve for the cable-stayed bridge. For this purpose, three spans cable-stayed bridge is assessed using a series of seismic loads in different intensities to ensure that the structure was experiencing damage in several conditions. The fragility curve was obtained by analyzing the structure using Nonlinear Time History (NTHA) and Pushover Analysis. The ground motions of the earthquake were subjected to the bridge in different intensities, which were scaled from the initial ground motion. Hereafter, the structure’s ductilities were developed into the fragility curves as the responses of the bridge. HAZUS standard is used for classifying the damages of the bridge, which are grouped into; slight, moderate, extensive, and complete due to the seismic load. The values of the damage states were generated to the fragility curves using the probabilistic values of the damage states. To ensure the validity of the data statistically, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was conducted to the fragility function. The result revealed that the fragility curve was qualified as the lognormal distribution.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Fundamental Material Characteristics of Traditional Windows Components as
           an Input for the Resilience Increasing

    • Abstract: The aim of the paper is to make an overview of standard windows system used in Slovak Republic. The investigation of the most common traditional wooden window is presented in this paper as a representative sample. These parts of building facades are the most vulnerable areas due to dynamic impact loads. Identification of the basic materials behavior is necessary for effective design of window system resilience. This research is divided to analysis of mechanical properties of components, their connections and boundary conditions. Research in this specific area helps to improve safety against unexpected extreme dynamic load such as explosions and shock impacts.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Capacity Model for Single-Lane Minor Entry at Turbo-Roundabouts

    • Abstract: Spirally arranged and physically separated traffic lanes in the circulatory carriageway of turbo-roundabouts force drivers to choose a particular entry lane and, subsequently, a circulatory traffic lane according to their intended destination. This specificity is taken into account in theoretical capacity models for two-lane turbo-roundabout entries typically evaluated by the lane-by-lane approach. Nevertheless, this specific path of movements is not considered in the most widely used capacity models for single-lane minor entries at oval turbo-roundabouts. In these models, only one entering traffic flow conflicted by two circulating traffic flows in front of the entry is considered. However, the entering traffic flow presents a mixed traffic flow of two movements (right-turning movement and left-turning and through movement) with different capacities due to different number of conflicting traffic streams and traffic volumes allocated into the outer and the inner circulatory lane. This fact is included in the capacity estimation for a single-lane minor entry presented in the article using the existing capacity formula for the mixed traffic flow on a shared minor lane at unsignalized intersections. The entry capacity reflects the proportion of the right-turning movement within a shared entry lane as well as the specific allocation of circulating traffic flow into the outer and the inner circulatory lane. This entry capacity is about 10 % to 30 % higher compared to a single-lane entry capacity estimated according to commonly used models described in the article. Higher entry capacity in a higher proportion of the right-turning traffic within mixed entry traffic flow is confirmed also by the results of average delays estimated by the theoretical delay model and microsimulation.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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