Subjects -> ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (Total: 913 journals)
    - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (810 journals)
    - POLLUTION (31 journals)
    - TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY (54 journals)
    - WASTE MANAGEMENT (18 journals)

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (810 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 601 - 378 of 378 Journals sorted alphabetically
Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nano Select     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Nativa     Open Access  
Natur und Recht     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Natural Areas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Natural Hazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Natural Resources     Open Access  
Natural Resources & Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Natural Resources and Environmental Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Nature-Based Solutions     Open Access  
Nepal Journal of Environmental Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
NeuroToxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Neurotoxicology and Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
NEW SOLUTIONS: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Environmental Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
NJAS : Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Novos Cadernos NAEA     Open Access  
npj Urban Sustainability     Open Access  
Observatorio Medioambiental     Open Access  
Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Ochrona Srodowiska i Zasobów Naturalnych : Environmental Protection and Natural Resources     Open Access  
Oecologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Oikos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
One Earth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
One Ecosystem     Open Access  
Open Environmental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Our Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pace Environmental Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Packaging, Transport, Storage & Security of Radioactive Material     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Particle and Fibre Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Physio-Géo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pittsburgh Journal of Environmental and Public Health Law     Open Access  
Planet     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Planeta Amazônia : Revista Internacional de Direito Ambiental e Políticas Públicas     Open Access  
Planning & Environmental Law: Issues and decisions that impact the built and natural environments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Plant Ecology & Diversity     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant, Cell & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Plant-Environment Interactions     Open Access  
Plants, People, Planet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Polar Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Political Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Population and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Population Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Presence: Virtual and Augmented Reality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Waste and Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Process Integration and Optimization for Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Process Safety and Environmental Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Producción + Limpia     Open Access  
Progress in Disaster Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Projets de Paysage     Open Access  
Psychological Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Public Money & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Quaternary     Open Access  
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
REDER : Revista de Estudios Latinoamericanos sobre Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres     Open Access  
Regional Environmental Change     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Regional Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Remediation Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Remote Sensing Applications : Society and Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Rendiconti Lincei     Hybrid Journal  
Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Renewable Energy Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Ecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Resources     Open Access  
Resources and Environment     Open Access  
Resources, Conservation & Recycling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Resources, Conservation & Recycling : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Resources, Conservation & Recycling Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rethinking Ecology     Open Access  
Reuse/Recycle Newsletter     Hybrid Journal  
Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Review of Environmental Economics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Revista AIDIS de Ingeniería y Ciencias Ambientales. Investigación, desarrollo y práctica     Open Access  
Revista Ambivalências     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Ambientais     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Meio Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Ambientales     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Ambiental e Socioambientalismo     Open Access  
Revista de Direito e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade - GeAS     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación en Agroproducción Sustentable     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Ambiental     Open Access  
Revista ECOVIDA     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Eletrônica de Gestão e Tecnologias Ambientais     Open Access  
Revista Geama     Open Access  
Revista Hábitat Sustenable     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana Ambiente & Sustentabilidad     Open Access  
Revista Kawsaypacha: Sociedad y Medio Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Laborativa     Open Access  
Revista Meio Ambiente e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Revista Mundi Meio Ambiente e Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Safety Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science     Open Access  
SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Saúde e Meio Ambiente : Revista Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Science of The Total Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Sciences Eaux & Territoires : la Revue du Cemagref     Open Access  
Social and Environmental Accountability Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sociedad y Ambiente     Open Access  
Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Soil and Tillage Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
South Australian Geographical Journal     Open Access  
South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Southern African Journal of Environmental Education     Open Access  
Southern Forests : a Journal of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment     Open Access  
Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Sustainability Agri Food and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sustainability in Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure     Hybrid Journal  
Sustainable Cities and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sustainable Development Law & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Sustainable Development Strategy and Practise     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sustainable Horizons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Technology and Entrepreneurship     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sustinere : Journal of Environment and Sustainability     Open Access  
TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Tecnogestión     Open Access  
Territorio della Ricerca su Insediamenti e Ambiente. Rivista internazionale di cultura urbanistica     Open Access  
The Historic Environment : Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The International Journal on Media Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
The Ring     Open Access  
Theoretical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Toxicologic Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Toxicon : X     Open Access  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Transactions on Environment and Electrical Engineering     Open Access  
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Transportation Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research     Open Access  
Trends in Ecology & Evolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 232)
Trends in Environmental Analytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Tropicultura     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
UCLA Journal of Environmental Law and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
UD y la Geomática     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
UNM Environmental Journals     Open Access  
Urban Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Urban Transformations     Open Access  
Veredas do Direito : Direito Ambiental e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access  
VertigO - la revue électronique en sciences de l’environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Villanova Environmental Law Journal     Open Access  
Waste Management & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Water Conservation Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Water Environment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Water Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution : Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Weather and Forecasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Weather, Climate, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Web Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Wetlands     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Wilderness & Environmental Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2220-2765
This journal is no longer being updated because:
    The journal ceased publication
  • Life Cycle Assessment of the natural gas supply chain and power generation
           options with CO2 capture and storage: Assessment of Qatar natural gas
           production, LNG transport and power generation in the UK

    • Authors: Anna Korre et al
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      Fossil fuel-based power generation technologies with and without CO2 capture offer a number of alternatives, which involve different fuel production and supply, power generation and capture routes with varied energy consumption rates and subsequent environmental impacts. The holistic perspective offered by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) can help decision makers to quantify the trade-offs inherent in any change to the fuel supply and power production systems and ensure that a reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions does not result in increases in other environmental impacts. Beside energy and non-energy related GHG releases, LCA also tracks various other environmental emissions, such as solid wastes, toxic substances and common air pollutants, as well as the consumption of resources, such as water, minerals and land use. In this respect, the dynamic LCA model developed at Imperial College incorporates fossil fuel production, transportation, power generation, CO2 capture, CO2 conditioning, pipeline transportation and CO2 injection and storage, and quantifies the environmental impacts at the highest level of detail, allowing for the assessment of technical and geographical differences between the alternative technologies considered. The life cycle inventory (LCI) databases that were developed, model the inputs and outputs of the processes at component or unit process level, rather than “gateto- gate” level, and therefore generate reliable LCI data in a consistent and transparent manner, with a clearly arranged and flexible structure for long-term strategic energy system planning and decision-making. The presentation discussed the principles of the LCA models developed and the newly extended models for the natural gas-fired power generation, with alternative CO2 capture systems. Additionally, the natural gas supply chain LCA models, including offshore platform gas production, gas pipeline transportation, gas processing, liquefied natural gas (LNG) processes, LNG shipping and LNG receiving terminal developed are used to estimate the life cycle GHG emissions for an idealised case study of natural gas production in Qatar, LNG transportation to a UK natural gas terminal and use in a power plant. The scenario considers a conventional and three alternative CO2 capture systems, transport and injection of the CO2 offshore in the Irish Sea.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:45 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.11
       
  • Gas turbine related technologies for carbon capture

    • Authors: R. Peter Lindstedt
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      Combustion modes in gas turbines are evolving in order to meet requirements related to lower emissions and greater thermodynamic efficiency. Such demands can be contradictory and the additional complication of fuel flexibility comes to the fore with potential new fuel stream opportunities arising. The latter may include hydrogen and carbon monoxide rich streams as well as blends with significant amounts of carbon dioxide arising from certain types of syngas (e.g. bioderived). The matter is further complicated by the impact of combustion stability related issues that arise in the context of the ubiquitous transition to lean pre-vapourised premixed (LPP) combustion for power generation applications. Post-combustion carbon capture is generally considered the leading candidate in the context of LPP based technologies. Significant capture related issues arise in terms of parasitic losses associated with CO2 separation and transportation technologies (e.g. compression). The former is typically the major contributor and the relatively low concentration of CO2 in flue gases, combined with excess oxygen resulting from LPP based operation, does impact separation technologies. It hence appears natural to consider the operating mode of the gas turbine and the impact of the fuel composition on the flue gas characteristics alongside the development of efficient and novel separation technologies.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:45 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.12
       
  • Carbon capture and storage: An industry viewpoint

    • Authors: Marcus Schwander
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      Economic growth in developing nations--driven not least by fast growing populations--is leading to a surge in demand for energy, with rapid increases in both renewable energy deployment and fossil fuel production. Since 2000, the world has added 0.3 billion tonnes oil equivalent per annum of renewable energy, but nearly eight times this amount from fossil production1. Current trends are that increasing renewable energy system deployment is not backing out other fuels; rather, it is supplementing a constrained fuel pool, allowing for faster economic growth. This approach will not deliver the necessary global greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction goals by 2050. Thus, there is an enormous challenge for global efforts to halve CO2 emissions by 2050 in order to avoid the worst effects of climate change. Supply from lower-CO2 energy sources, such as renewables and nuclear, will grow and represent more of the energy mix in future, however it is estimated that fossil fuels could still meet at least 65% of world energy demand in 2050. Moreover, even with strong government support, it takes time for newer energy technologies to become affordable and available at scale. Therefore, large scale CO2 mitigation technologies for fossil fuels are necessary, which underpins the importance of carbon capture and storage (CCS); many countries will therefore need to adopt CCS, post-2020, to meet GHG reduction goals consistent with the “2°C target” are to be met. The IEA Energy Technology Pathway has found that CCS could deliver 19% of the total emission reductions required to meet the 2°C target, and would require just 6% of the overall investment needed to achieve a 50% reduction in GHG emissions in 2050. It has been estimated that, without CCS, the overall costs to halve global emissions by 2050 could rise by 70%.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:44 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.10
       
  • Ionic liquids as novel materials for energy efficient CO2 separations

    • Authors: Richard D. Noble et al
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      Large improvements in separations technology will require novel materials with enhanced properties and performance. The fundamental interlinks for success in merging synthesis and process incorporation are the structure, relevant physical/chemical properties, and performance of new materials. Specific materials with these interlinks are room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) and their polymers and composites. As a chemical platform, RTILs have an enormous range of structural variation that can provide the ability to “tune” their properties and morphology for a given application. Introduction of chemical specificity into the structure of RTIL-based materials is an additional key component. Membrane separation is the focus as a process for implementation. There have not been new materials successfully developed for this process in thirty years. For CO2 capture, the target improvement in productivity is two orders of magnitude or more compared to commercial materials currently available.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:44 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.15
       
  • Economic and social issues

    • Authors: Iain Macdonald
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:43 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.8
       
  • Carbon capture and storage: The way ahead

    • Authors: Geoffrey C. Maitland
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      The paper gives a general introduction and overview of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) with an emphasis on the capture of CO2 and other greenhouse gases from the waste gas streams of power plants and industrial processes. This stage accounts for about 80% of the overall cost of the CCS process so is the area where efficiency and cost improvements will have the greatest future impact. The major drivers for continuing to use fossil fuels for most of this century are first considered and the need to implement CCS as one of many measures to mitigate carbon emissions. Current targets will require a commercial CCS capacity to remove about 10Gte CO2 pa by 2050. The overall features of CCS processes are described – capture, compression and transport, sub-surface storage – covering the main capture options and the three main types of storage site (deep saline aquifers, depleted oil and gas reservoirs and unmineable coal seams). The current status of large-scale CCS demonstration projects is reviewed. The main classes of carbon capture technologies are then described, both those currently capable of large-scale deployment and those in development for the future. Finally the main challenges facing CCS, to make it a globally-deployed commercially viable technology, are summarised and suggestions made for future developments in the clean recovery and use of fossil fuels which combine CCS with sub-surface processing.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:43 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.9
       
  • Metal-organic frameworks and porous polymer networks for carbon capture

    • Authors: Julian Patrick Sculley et al
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      The ability to rationally design materials for specific applications and synthesize materials to these exact specifications at the molecular level makes it possible to make a huge impact in carbon dioxide capture applications. Recently, advanced porous materials, in particular metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and porous polymer networks (PPNs) have shown tremendous potential for this and related applications because they have high adsorption selectivities and record breaking gas uptake capacities. By appending chemical functional groups to the surface of these materials it is possible to tune gas molecule specific interactions. The results presented herein are a summary of the fundamentals of synthesizing several MOF and PPN series through applying structure property relationships.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:42 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.16
       
  • Alternatives to amine-based capture & new technologies

    • Authors: Farid Benyahia
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:41 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.6
       
  • An overview of carbon capture technology

    • Authors: Bruce R. Palmer
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      Natural gas produced from gas and /or petroleum reservoirs could contain substantial amount of hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide, known as “acid gas.” The presence of small concentrations of H2S (ppm levels) in natural gas results in a sour gas with a drastically-reduced market price and hampered wide utilization. Additionally, the presence of CO2 in the natural gas could decrease its calorific value and increase its transportation cost. Therefore, natural gas desulfurization, or sweetening processes for treating natural gas, are an integral part of natural gas cleanup. After H2S is captured chemically using a base solvent such as aqueous amines, the concentrated H2S streams are sent to the Claus sulfur plants to produce elemental sulfur or can be used to produce sulfur oxides which are converted ultimately into sulfuric acid or used to produce gypsum (Natural gas.org, 2012).
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:41 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.13
       
  • Alternatives to amine-based capture & new technologies

    • Authors: Farid Benyahia
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:40 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.7
       
  • The Lacq industrial CCS reference project (France)

    • Authors: Jacques Monne
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      Total is committed to reducing the impact of its activities on the environment, especially its greenhouse gas emissions. The group’s priorities are to improve the energy efficiency of its industrial facilities, to invest in the development of complementary energy sources (biomass, solar, clean coal) and to participate in many operational and R&D programs on CO2 capture and geological storage (CCS). Total has been involved in CO2 injection and geological storage for over 15 years, in Canada (Weyburn oil field) for EOR and Norway (Sleipner, Snohvit) in aquifer. In 2006, Total decided to invest €60 million in the Lacq basin for experimenting in a complete industrial chain from CO2 capture to transportation and injection in a depleted gas field.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:40 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.14
       
  • Shipping and CCS: A systems perspective

    • Authors: N. Mac Dowell et al
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      In this contribution, we present an overview of the contribution made by the shipping sector to global CO2 emissions. We review the currently proposed technology options for mitigating these emissions, and propose a new option for the control of greenhouse gas emissions from shipping.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:39 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.19
       
  • CCS from industrial sources

    • Authors: Paul S. Fennell et al
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      The literature concerning the application of CCS to industry is reviewed. Costs are presented for different sectors including “high purity” (processes which inherently produce a high concentration of CO2), cement, iron and steel, refinery and biomass. The application of CCS to industry is a field which has had much less attention than its application to the electricity production sector. Costs range from less than $2011 10/tCO2 up to above $2011 100/tCO2. In the words of a synthesis report from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) “This area has so far not been the focus of discussions and therefore much attention needs to be paid to the application of CCS to industrial sources if the full potential of CCS is to be unlocked”.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:38 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.17
       
  • Introduction to market challenges in developing second generation carbon
           capture materials

    • Authors: Jason Mathew Ornstein
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      Absent an economic or social cataclysm, there is no plausible way to meet what will be the world’s unavoidable energy demands without utilizing its vast supply of fossil fuels. One important technology being contemplated to mitigate the negative impact of anthropogenic carbon dioxide loading of the atmosphere is Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). CCS will play a vital role in least-cost efforts to limit global warming1. To achieve future least-cost solutions, second generation or ‘2.0’ carbon capture materials are being developed with government support to improve efficiencies over the current applied solution that is “a very expensive proposition”2 for the installed energy generation base. One 2.0 material, Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs), is “capable of increasing (carbon dioxide) selectivity, improving energy efficiency, and reducing the costs of separation processes”3 in CCS. Such materials can address CCS utilization outcomes in addition to lowering the carbon capture cost. To support further 2.0 carbon capture material development while CCS faces economic challenges, framergyTM is leveraging alternative usages for MOFs and other 2.0 materials developed for carbon capture.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:38 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.18
       
  • Preface and overview

    • Authors: Howard JM Hanley
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:37 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.1
       
  • Industrial requirements

    • Authors: Patrick Linke
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:37 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.3
       
  • Carbon capture: An introduction

    • Authors: Howard JM Hanley
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:36 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.2
       
  • Industrial procedures and problems

    • Authors: Fedaa Ali
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:36 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.5
       
  • Pre- and post-combustion

    • Authors: Fedaa Ali
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:35 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.4
       
  • QAFAC: Carbon dioxide recovery plant

    • Authors: Khalid Mubarak Rashid Al-Hitmi
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      This short report outlines Qatar Fuel Additives Company (QAFAC) plan to reuse the carbon dioxide emitted from their methanol plant. It is estimated that 500 tn/day of CO2 will be recovered from its Methanol Reformer stack which will be injected into the Methanol Synthesis unit to enhance the production capacity. The Recovery Unit will be constructed under license from MHI (Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Japan) and will be a specific and novel application of CO2 recovery focused to optimize methanol production. Overall, since operations are designed to produce 982,350 tonnes per annum of methanol and 610,000 tonnes per annum of MTBE, the QAFAC Plant will be one of the world’s largest commercial-scale CO2 capture facilities.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:35 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.22
       
  • Green shipping

    • Authors: Talal Al-Tamimi
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      The state-of-the-art facilities of RasGas and QatarGas process natural gas from Qatar’s North Field, the world’s largest non-associated gas field. At the Ras Laffan site, gas is liquefied to LNG and then loaded to tankers for transportation. But along with the objective of supplying LNG to customers as efficiently as possible, comes the responsibility to be environmentally aware and, in particular, to ensure that any carbon emissions during the loading and transportation are minimised. The presentation outlines RasGas’s approach. The transportation of LNG by the giant tankers designated Q-Flex and Q-Max – vessels with cargo capacities of the order of 215,000m3 and 266,000m3, respectively – is discussed. A key point is that, although these vessels are much larger than the conventional carriers, the fuel consumption is almost the same, with obvious economic and environmental advantages. It is emphasised that carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere from the LNG cargo itself are minimal since the carriers are fitted with on-board facilities to liquefy the boil-off gas and return the LNG to the cargo tanks. A proposal to retro-fit systems so that natural gas can be delivered to the existing diesel main engines is mentioned: LNG from the vessel’s cargo tanks will be vaporized and the gas used as the fuel. The benefits of replacing marine diesel fuel with gas are delineated, not only with respect to carbon emission reduction, but also to ensure that the legal restrictions on the sulphur content of a marine fuel are satisfied. Finally, the Jetty Boil-off Gas Recovery Project (JBOG) is discussed. The project is a major attempt to reduce the BOG generated and flared at the Ras Laffan LNG terminal. It is remarked that greenhouse gas emissions can be substantially reduced and the recovered gas can be used to generate a significant percentage of the power required by the State of Qatar.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:34 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.20
       
  • The carbon conundrum: GCC perspectives

    • Authors: Farid Benyahia
      Abstract: Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies, Issue CCS Workshop, May 2012.
      The solution to the carbon conundrum does not seem to be within reach in the short or medium term, despite significant advances and knowledge gains in demonstration scale CCS facilities. This stems from the fact that currently carbon management has no binding policies and legal framework. Without this legislation, it is unlikely that international cooperation in carbon trade and management would flourish. The situation is also exacerbated by doubts about the suitability of sites and global capacity to store captured CO2. Sophisticated cost models have been developed for carbon capture and storage, and these indicate that cost reduction in the complete carbon value chain should be focused on the capture phase as this is the most energy intensive. However, there are uncertainties about properly costing carbon storage as this should involve search for suitable site location costs. The GCC states have characteristics that make them one of the largest consumers of fresh water and energy in the world, and by default emitters of CO2 per capita. There are currently no demonstration or commercial scale CCS facilities in the GCC and in the short term, it is unlikely to be the case given that current carbon capture technologies favor coal rather than natural gas as fuel in power plants. It is also unlikely that underground carbon storage be considered in the short term, given the risk of CO2 plume migration that may displace brine in saline formations into strata containing hydrocarbon resources or potable. It is therefore imperative that substantial research be conducted to identify storage sites, reduce energy consumption in carbon capture and develop alternatives to CCS in the form of carbon conversion into useful products or minerals with low environmental impact. The GCC have tremendous opportunities to lead the world in carbon management given their strong experience in hydrocarbon processing. However, this may only be successful if agreed policies and legal frameworks are in place to facilitate a robust carbon pricing.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 06:59:34 GMT
      DOI: 10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.21
       
 
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