Subjects -> ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (Total: 913 journals)
    - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (810 journals)
    - POLLUTION (31 journals)
    - TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY (54 journals)
    - WASTE MANAGEMENT (18 journals)

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (810 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 601 - 378 of 378 Journals sorted alphabetically
Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nano Select     Open Access  
Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Nativa     Open Access  
Natur und Recht     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Natural Areas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Natural Hazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Natural Resources     Open Access  
Natural Resources & Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Natural Resources and Environmental Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Nature-Based Solutions     Open Access  
Nepal Journal of Environmental Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
NeuroToxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Neurotoxicology and Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
NEW SOLUTIONS: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Environmental Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
NJAS : Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Novos Cadernos NAEA     Open Access  
npj Urban Sustainability     Open Access  
Observatorio Medioambiental     Open Access  
Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Ochrona Srodowiska i Zasobów Naturalnych : Environmental Protection and Natural Resources     Open Access  
Oecologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Oikos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
One Earth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
One Ecosystem     Open Access  
Open Environmental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Our Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pace Environmental Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Packaging, Transport, Storage & Security of Radioactive Material     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Particle and Fibre Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Physio-Géo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pittsburgh Journal of Environmental and Public Health Law     Open Access  
Planet     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Planeta Amazônia : Revista Internacional de Direito Ambiental e Políticas Públicas     Open Access  
Planning & Environmental Law: Issues and decisions that impact the built and natural environments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Plant Ecology & Diversity     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant, Cell & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Plant-Environment Interactions     Open Access  
Plants, People, Planet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Polar Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Political Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Population and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Population Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Presence: Virtual and Augmented Reality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Waste and Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Process Integration and Optimization for Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Process Safety and Environmental Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Producción + Limpia     Open Access  
Progress in Disaster Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Projets de Paysage     Open Access  
Psychological Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Public Money & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Quaternary     Open Access  
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
REDER : Revista de Estudios Latinoamericanos sobre Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres     Open Access  
Regional Environmental Change     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Regional Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Remediation Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Remote Sensing Applications : Society and Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Rendiconti Lincei     Hybrid Journal  
Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Renewable Energy Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Ecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Resources     Open Access  
Resources and Environment     Open Access  
Resources, Conservation & Recycling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Resources, Conservation & Recycling : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Resources, Conservation & Recycling Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rethinking Ecology     Open Access  
Reuse/Recycle Newsletter     Hybrid Journal  
Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Review of Environmental Economics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Revista AIDIS de Ingeniería y Ciencias Ambientales. Investigación, desarrollo y práctica     Open Access  
Revista Ambivalências     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Ambientais     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Meio Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Ambientales     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Ambiental e Socioambientalismo     Open Access  
Revista de Direito e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade - GeAS     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación en Agroproducción Sustentable     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Ambiental     Open Access  
Revista ECOVIDA     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Eletrônica de Gestão e Tecnologias Ambientais     Open Access  
Revista Geama     Open Access  
Revista Hábitat Sustenable     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana Ambiente & Sustentabilidad     Open Access  
Revista Kawsaypacha: Sociedad y Medio Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Laborativa     Open Access  
Revista Meio Ambiente e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Revista Mundi Meio Ambiente e Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Safety Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science     Open Access  
SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Saúde e Meio Ambiente : Revista Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Science of The Total Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Sciences Eaux & Territoires : la Revue du Cemagref     Open Access  
Social and Environmental Accountability Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sociedad y Ambiente     Open Access  
Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Soil and Tillage Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
South Australian Geographical Journal     Open Access  
South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Southern African Journal of Environmental Education     Open Access  
Southern Forests : a Journal of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment     Open Access  
Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Sustainability Agri Food and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sustainability in Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure     Hybrid Journal  
Sustainable Cities and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sustainable Development Law & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Sustainable Development Strategy and Practise     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sustainable Horizons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Technology and Entrepreneurship     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sustinere : Journal of Environment and Sustainability     Open Access  
TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Tecnogestión     Open Access  
Territorio della Ricerca su Insediamenti e Ambiente. Rivista internazionale di cultura urbanistica     Open Access  
The Historic Environment : Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The International Journal on Media Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
The Ring     Open Access  
Theoretical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Toxicologic Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Toxicological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Toxicology and Industrial Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Toxicology in Vitro     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Toxicology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Toxicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Toxicon : X     Open Access  
Toxin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Transactions on Environment and Electrical Engineering     Open Access  
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Transportation Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research     Open Access  
Trends in Ecology & Evolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 230)
Trends in Environmental Analytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Tropicultura     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
UCLA Journal of Environmental Law and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
UD y la Geomática     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
UNM Environmental Journals     Open Access  
Urban Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Urban Transformations     Open Access  
Veredas do Direito : Direito Ambiental e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access  
VertigO - la revue électronique en sciences de l’environnement     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Villanova Environmental Law Journal     Open Access  
Waste Management & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Water Conservation Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Water Environment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Water Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution : Focus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Weather and Forecasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Weather, Climate, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Web Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Wetlands     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Wilderness & Environmental Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.589
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 21  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0049-6979 - ISSN (Online) 1573-2932
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Enhanced Removal of Diesel Oil Using New Magnetic Bentonite-Based
           Adsorbents Combined with Different Carbon Sources

    • Abstract: In this work, new magnetic bentonite-based adsorbents combined with different carbon sources, namely, reduced graphene oxide and multiwall carbon nanotubes, were synthesized via co-precipitation method. The synthesized adsorbents were characterized using XRD, TGA, SEM, EDX, TEM, and BET analysis techniques. The adsorbents were then used to remove oil from aqueous solutions of water-in-oil emulsion by performing batch adsorption experiments. The experimental data were fitted to three isotherm models including Langmuir, Freundlich, and Sips models using non-linear regression and were compared using Akaike Information Criterion statistical model. The data analysis showed that Sips model best fits the experimental data for the adsorption of oil onto both adsorbents. The maximum adsorption capacity of oil from sips model were 81.65 mg/g and 77.12 mg/g for Fe3O4/Bent/rGO and Fe3O4//Bent/MWCNTs, respectively. The obtained kinetics data were fitted to pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion models. Pseudo-second order kinetic model best fitted the kinetic data of both adsorbents. Overall, both adsorbents showed high removal efficiency reaching equilibrium in less than 50 min indicating that both adsorbents can be successfully utilized in industrial adsorption process. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-05-24
       
  • Comprehensive Water Footprint of a University Campus in Colombia: Impact
           of Wastewater Treatment Modeling

    • Abstract: Abstract Protection of water resources implies the responsible consumption, and the return of this resource with the best physicochemical conditions. In organizations, water is consumed both directly in their facilities and indirectly in the products or services acquired for their operation, requiring a water accounting based on the life cycle perspective. This study aims to assess the comprehensive water footprint of the main campus of the Technological University of Pereira (Colombia), based on the ISO 14046:2014 standard, and analyze the influence of wastewater treatment. Impacts on water scarcity were evaluated using the AWARE method, while the impacts on human health and ecosystems were evaluated using the ReCiPe method. Specific modeling of the wastewater treatment plants on campus was conducted. A total of 102,670 m3.y−1 of water scarcity was accounted for. Water consumption per person was 17.8 m3 of which 86.2% corresponded to indirect activities. Similarly, indirect activities were responsible for more than 98% of the impacts on human health and ecosystems, where more than 95% were due to infrastructure construction and 2% due to electricity consumption. Although the wastewater treatment on campus reduced the impact on ecosystems by 14%, if a tertiary treatment was added, these impacts would have a 40% of additional reduction. Efforts in recycling programs were also quantified in 712 m3 of avoided water scarcity for secondary users. The findings suggest focusing actions on sustainable construction and purchases to improve water management in organizations.
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
       
  • Cancer Risk and Diesel Exhaust Exposure Among Railroad Workers

    • Abstract: Abstract Inhalation exposure to diesel exhaust in the railroad work environment causes significant and quantifiable cancer risks to many railroad workers. Diesel exhaust has been identified as a known human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (“IARC”) and as a potential carcinogen by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“USEPA”), the California Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (“OEHHA”), and the National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health (“NIOSH”). Peer-reviewed literature defines the ambient air concentrations of diesel exhaust for several railroad occupations as being above environmental background levels. This study uses diesel exhaust concentrations in the railroad work environment in conjunction with the USEPA’s Integrated Risk Information System (“IRIS”) risk assessment methodology to quantify the cancer risk posed to railroad workers due to occupational inhalation exposure to diesel exhaust. NIOSH Bulletin 68 (2017) states that there is “no known safe level” of exposure to carcinogens and recommends an evaluation of the USEPA’s IRIS guidance to evaluate quantitative risk assessment of human exposure to occupational carcinogens. This is the first study to utilize USEPA methodology to calculate the excess lung cancer risk caused by railroad workers’ cumulative exposure to diesel exhaust.
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
       
  • Softwood-derived Biochar as a Green Material for the Recovery of
           Environmental Media Contaminated with Potentially Toxic Elements

    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, the effectiveness of softwood-derived biochar (BC) in the retention of potentially toxic elements (PTE, i.e., Cu(II), Pb(II), As(V), and Sb(V)) was evaluated at different pH values (4.5, 6.0, and 7.0), along with its capacity to alleviate PTE phytotoxicity. At all pH values, sorption and kinetic isotherms followed the trend: Pb(II) (e.g., ~ 0.56 mmol g−1 at pH 6.0) > Cu(II) (e.g., ~ 0.33 mmol g−1 at pH 6.0) > As(V) (e.g., ~ 0.29 mmol g−1 at pH 6.0) > Sb(V) (e.g. ~ 0.24 mmol g−1 at pH 6.0). Kinetic data strongly correlated with the pseudo-second-order kinetic equation; Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models suggested monolayer sorption of Cu(II), Pb(II), and As(V) onto the BC surface and the interaction of Sb(V) with BC sites characterized by distinct sorption energy (i.e., multilayer sorption). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis of PTE-saturated BC showed that Pb(II) was mainly associated with O, Sb(V) with Ca and Fe, while Cu(II) and As(V) with Fe and O. This suggested that hydroxyl and carboxyl functional groups, amorphous Fe oxy-hydroxides, as well as PTE precipitation with BC components were likely responsible for BC sorption capacity. Treatment of PTE-saturated BC with Ca(NO3)2 and a range of environmentally relevant organic acids indicated that 6–11% of PTE were loosely bound and easily exchangeable, while up to 60% could be mobilized by the organic acids. Hydroponic plant-growth experiments using triticale plants showed that BC stimulated plant growth in the presence of PTE and reduced their phytotoxicity.
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
       
  • Modelling Metribuzin Removal Efficiency Through Adsorption Using Activated
           Carbon of Olive-waste Cake

    • Abstract: Abstract A simple mathematical model is developed for the prediction of Metribuzin removal efficiency through adsorption using activated carbon of olive-waste cake for any combination of input conditions. Based on earlier experimental results, factors from three independent variables (pH, initial Metribuzin concentration and adsorbent dose concentration) were incorporated in the model. All the factors are multiplied to derive a combined diminishing factor, which is multiplied with maximum achievable removal efficiency. It is found that although the model results are having good correlation (0.92) with the experimental results, those are slightly away from the ideal line. Through the introduction of an adjustment factor, model predictions are closely matching with the measured values having a correlation coefficient of 0.96. The primary model predicted results are having standard errors as RMSE = 6.34, MAE = 5.99 and RAE = 0.07, whereas the same error statistics of the adjusted model are 1.97, 1.71 and 0.01, respectively. Such modelling technique will predict removal efficiency for any combination of input parameters, which at times are required to be changed for other constraints.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
       
  • Chemical Quality of Waters of the Atoyac-Verde River As It Passes Through
           Forest Ecosystems of Oaxaca, Mexico

    • Abstract: Abstract In granitic regions, water salinity typically ranges from 30 to 40 mg L−1 at the surface and from 300 to 500 mg L−1 for groundwater. Technogenic activity in Oaxaca has altered the concentration and chemical composition, which explains the occurrence of salinization processes and contamination of natural waters. To determine the physical–chemical composition of the Atoyac-Verde river, fifty-two water samples were collected from tributaries and semi-deep wells in the basin. The pH, electrical conductivity (EC), major cations and anions, total dissolved solids (TDS), residual sodium carbonate (RSC), and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) were identified. Likewise, osmotic potential (Ψπ) was evaluated, and the effective salinity (ES) and potential salinity (PS) indexes. Results indicate that the water of the basin is bicarbonate-magnesium-calcium. Of the 52 samples analyzed, only 2 identified in the high relief points presented high levels of alkalinity and salinity with a pH of 8.1, EC of 2320 µS cm−1, Ψπ of − 0.08 MPa, SAR of 3.74 (mmolc L−1) 1/2, RSC of 0.53, ES of 9.88, and PS of 7.79 mmolc L−1, indicating restriction for its use in agricultural and domestic activities. In the meso relief, the water did not present restrictive levels for anthropic use, while in the low relief, only two points presented high salinity levels and restriction of anthropic use. In conclusion, the greatest chemical alteration of the water was detected in areas close to the city of Oaxaca and to a lesser extent in areas adjacent to riverside populations of more than 2500 inhabitants.
      PubDate: 2022-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05515-x
       
  • Marine Snow-Oil Interaction Affects n-Alkane Biodegradation in Sediment

    • Abstract: Abstract During the Deepwater Horizon (DwH) oil spill, an excessive production of marine snow was observed, and it was estimated that as much as 14% of the oil was transferred to the ocean floor by MOSSFA (Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation). MOSSFA is an important pathway of transferring oil to the ocean floor. We performed experiments at laboratory scale in 15 aquaria, representing 5 exposures of marine snow with or without oil, only oil, and controls with only clay or sediment. We developed a method to produce artificial marine snow, which resembles the natural marine snow. Results showed 40% less biodegradation of alkanes in “marine snow with oil” compared to “only oil.” Most probably, this is due to preferred biodegradation of marine snow organics comparing to oil alkanes. Biodegradation of marine snow reduces the dissolved oxygen concentration, which might result in anaerobic conditions in the sediment layer. This finding can be projected to a potential ocean floor effect.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05557-1
       
  • Persistence of Fecal Indicators and Microbial Source Tracking Markers in
           Water Flushed from Riverbank Soils

    • Abstract: Sewer overflows and exfiltration can potentially contaminate water bodies with pathogens from wastewater. Microbial source tracking (MST) methods such as the detection of the HF183 gene target of Bacteroides have been proposed to monitor human fecal pollution inputs to surface waters; however, the persistence of HF183 and other MST markers in water flushed from soils after contamination events is not well understood. In this study, the persistence and decay of two culture-based fecal indicators, Escherichia coli and enterococci, and two molecular MST markers, HF183 and pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV), were evaluated in riverbank soils spiked with untreated sewage, which were left idle for 1, 14, 28, 60, and 121 days under dark conditions and then flushed with synthetic rainwater. All four microbial indicators were still detected in flush water 4 months after the soil was contaminated. PMMoV persisted much longer and had a slower decay rate than the other microbial indicators, and E. coli degraded most rapidly. In consecutive flushing experiments with fresh (1 day) sewage-spiked soils, HF183, E. coli, and enterococci were all detected after 20 consecutive flushes with rainwater, but PMMoV was not detected after the fifth flush. Our findings indicate that water (e.g., stormwater interflow) flushing through riverbank soils that have previously been contaminated by sewer overflows or sewer exfiltration can potentially be a source of microbial pollution to surface waters, even for several months after the contamination occurs. Results from this study also demonstrate the benefits of using multiple human-associated fecal indicators to distinguish pollution from different microbial groups in water bodies. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05542-8
       
  • Assessment and Spatial Distribution Mapping of Criteria Pollutants

    • Abstract: Abstract This study aims to assess the urban air quality, and map NO2, SO2, and PM10 profiles using two widely spatial interpolation methods, ordinary kriging (OK) and inverse distance weighting (IDW) by estimating their concentrations at distinct non-monitored locations. Assessment and mapping of air pollutants in this study help with policy formulation and decision-making. Kota, the industrial and educational hub of Rajasthan (India), has been selected to study air quality. Results showed that PM10 is continuously emerging as a foremost contributor to air quality index (AQI) each season. The concentrations of NO2 and SO2 in all seasons were well below the permissible level prescribed by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). Interpolation techniques (OK and IDW) estimated the concentrations of NO2, SO2, and PM10 at three sites using air quality data from the year 2019. The interpolated air pollutant results for the specified region were compared with monitored air quality data in the same region. An excellent agreement has been observed by comparing monitored values, and the values predicted from IDW and OK.
      PubDate: 2022-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05522-y
       
  • Tap Water Quality Degradation in an Intermittent Water Supply Area

    • Abstract: Abstract Decentralized tap water systems are an important drinking water source worldwide. A good quality, high-pressure continuous water supply (CWS) is always the target of any urban settlement. However, tap water in some areas are reported with deteriorated water quality even though treated well before supplying. Such deterioration of tap water quality is reported widely from areas with low water availability and in economically poor countries where water are supplied intermittently (IWS). This study focuses in identifying tap water quality in IWS and causes of water quality degradation using nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) as an indicator and stable isotopes of hydrogen (δD) as tracer. Nine water reservoirs and ninety municipal tap water (ten per reservoir) samples were collected during the wet (June–September) and dry (November–February) seasons in the Kathmandu Valley (KV), Nepal. Ten percent of the tap water samples exhibited higher NO3-N than those of their respective reservoirs during the wet season, while 16% exhibited higher concentrations during the dry season. Similarly, the isotopic signatures of tap water exhibited 3% and 23% higher concentrations than those of their respective reservoirs during the wet and dry seasons, respectively. Coupling analysis between NO3-N and δD demonstrates close connection of groundwater and tap water. The results indicate groundwater intrusion as the primary component in controlling tap water quality variations within the same distribution networks during IWS. Meanwhile, the obtained results also indicate probable areas of intrusion in the KV as well as usefulness of δD as a tool in the assessment of tap water systems.
      PubDate: 2022-02-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-021-05483-8
       
  • Optimising Operational Reliability and Performance in Aerobic Passive Mine
           Water Treatment: the Multistage Westfield Pilot Plant

    • Abstract: Abstract A three-stage pilot system was implemented for passive treatment of circumneutral, ferruginous seepage water at a former opencast lignite mine in southeast Germany. The pilot system consisted of consecutive, increasingly efficient treatment stages with settling ponds for pre-treatment, surface-flow wetlands for polishing and sediment filters for purification. The overall objective of the multistage approach was to demonstrate applicability and operational reliability for successive removal of iron as the primary contaminant broadly following Pareto’s principle in due consideration of the strict site-specific effluent limit of 1 mg/L. Average inflow total iron concentration was 8.4(± 2.4) mg/L, and effluent concentration averaged 0.21(± 0.07) mg/L. The bulk iron load (≈69%) was retained in settling ponds, thus effectively protecting wetlands and sediment filter from overloading. In turn, wetlands and sediment filters displayed similar discrete treatment efficiency (≈73% each) relative to settling ponds and thus proved indispensable to reliably meet regulatory requirements. Moreover, the wetlands were found to additionally stimulate and enhance biogeochemical processes that facilitated effective removal of secondary contaminants such as Mn and NH4. The sediment filters were found to reliably polish particulate and redox-sensitive compounds (Fe, As, Mn, NH4, TSS) whilst concomitantly mitigating natural spatiotemporal fluctuations that inevitably arise in open systems. Both treatment performance and operational reliability of the multistage pilot system were comparable to the conventional treatment plant currently operated on site. Altogether the study fully confirmed suitability of the multistage passive setup as a long-term alternative for seepage water treatment on site and provided new insights into the performance and interrelation of consecutive treatment stages. Most importantly, it was demonstrated that strategically combining increasingly efficient components may be used for optimisation of treatment performance and operational reliability whilst providing an opportunity to minimise land consumption and overall costs.
      PubDate: 2022-02-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05538-4
       
  • Correlation Between Biomass Burning Tracers in Urban and Rural Particles
           in Silesia—Case Study

    • Abstract: Abstract The major biomass burning tracers are thermal degradation products from the biopolymer cellulose, namely the didehydromonosaccharide derivatives levoglucosan, galactosan, and mannosan and the resin acid derivative dehydroabietic acid, with a minor contribution from β-sitosterol. Levoglucosan, galactosan, and mannosan were measured at two sites in Silesia, a rural (Rokitno) and industry region (Zabrze), during the winter of 2017/2018. The results showed that mean concentrations of the total tracers determined were 737 ng/m3 for Zabrze and 465 ng/m3 for Rokitno. Levoglucosan was the most abundant tracer; it was 83.2% of the determined tracers in Zabrze and 78.1% in Rokitno. The relative proportions of levoglucosan to mannosan have been used for source reconstruction of combustion-derived byproducts in atmospheric aerosols. The levoglucosan to mannosan ratio for Zabrze was 8.9 and for Rokitno 5.3; the levoglucosan to sum of mannosan and galactosan ratio was 6.2 and 3.8 for Zabrze and Rokitno, respectively. The correlation between tracers is high (0.73 to 0.97) and shows linearity. In order to compare the fuel type (by the coefficient of divergence (CD)) between different sites, the results from a previous work in health resort Krynica were used. The CD between Krynica and Rokitno as well as Krynica and Zabrze was equal to 0.633 and 0.712, respectively. The CD between Rokitno and Zabrze was equal to 0.175. Despite the biomass burning tracer measurements are mostly local, they have a huge impact on air pollution and climate changes.
      PubDate: 2022-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05523-x
       
  • Metal Accumulation and Functional Traits of Maianthemum bifolium (L.) F.
           W. Schmidt in Acid Beech Forests Differing with Pollution Level

    • Abstract: Abstract Maianthemum bifolium (L.) F. W. Schmidt is a clonal plant with a wide geographical range throughout Europe and Asia. It is also abundant as an understory plant of acid beech forests in southern Poland. The response strategies of this species to heavy metals and their effects on some functional traits (height, specific leaf area (SLA), leaf dry matter content (LDMC), specific rhizome length (SRL) and rhizomes dry matter content (RDMC)) were tested. Selected heavy metal concentrations were measured in leaves, rhizomes and rooting soil of May lily in five beech forests of southern Poland, mainly including an industrialised region of Upper Silesia. The contamination level of these ecosystems was assessed with a single pollution index. The results show significant contamination with Pb even at control sites and moderate with Cd, Zn, Fe and Cu in Upper Silesian forests. May lily accumulated Pb, Zn and Fe mainly in rhizomes, but Ni, Cu and Cd were also translocated to aboveground organs in comparable quantities, which confirms the indicator value of this plant. May lily accumulated up to 21 and 30 mg g−1 Cd, 34 and 90 mg g−1 Pb and 250 and 553 mg g−1 Zn in leaves and rhizomes respectively. Moreover, the accumulation factors show that May lily accumulates Cd in above- and underground organs in higher amounts than found in soil. Although high concentrations of these toxic elements in tissues, no visible damages on plants were observed, also the measured functional traits show no apparent relationship with the pollution level.
      PubDate: 2022-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05530-y
       
  • Probing Environmental Sustainability Through the Diversity-Pollution
           Nexus—a Global Perspective via PM2.5 and NO2

    • Abstract: Abstract This paper analyzes the effects of ethnic and religious diversity on air pollution for 187 countries around the world (categorized into high-income, middle-income and low-income countries) from 1990 to 2020. We determine the long-run relationship between the variables using panel-fixed effects and GMM models. Air pollution emission factors are spatially explicit into emissions of particulate matter (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and the Alesina’s fragmentation index has been used to calculate ethnic and religious diversity. The results show that ethnic and religious diversity both have significant negative impacts on air pollution (PM2.5 and NO2). Furthermore, the results are more significant for high-income and middle-income countries and vice versa for low-income countries. This study suggests that diversity is a natural phenomenon; however, its disastrous effects may be curtailed by providing equal opportunities and promoting a peaceful society, as done in high-income countries, to ensure the well-being of the people through cohesiveness. Policymakers need to promote collective action and communication among different groups while acknowledging that investment for public benefits often requires broad social consensus and solidarity.
      PubDate: 2022-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05518-8
       
  • Phosphate Fixation and P Mineralogy on Natural and Ca-Modified Zeolites
           During Simultaneous Nutrient Removal

    • Abstract: Abstract The recovery and recycling of nutrients (N&P) from wastewater are one of the major topics to save primary energy and resources, to raise the efficiency of wastewater treatment plants, and to foster a future circular economy. In the present study, the removal of ammonium (NH4+) and phosphate (PO43−) using natural and Ca-treated zeolite is investigated in detail. Special emphasis is put on the simultaneous removal of both species from model solutions followed by elaborate mineralogical analyses (XRD, EPMA, FEG-SEM) for zeolite characterization and in order to determine the type, structure, and crystal sizes of CaP-phases precipitating on the zeolites surface. The effectivity of the phosphate segregation and chemical composition and the crystalline structure of the CaP-phase precipitating on the surface of the zeolite depend on the physico chemical conditions in particular on pH, molar ratio of Ca and P (due to zeolite modification), and the presence of NH4+. Results of simultaneous removal experiments of N&P revealed that Ca pretreatment enhances P segregation and increases the obtainable P-loadings of Ca–zeolites. Maximum P-loadings of 25 mg g−1 Ca–zeolite in binary solutions containing both ammonium and phosphate were obtained. Simultaneous phosphate removal by surface precipitation of CaP-phases does not significantly influence ammonium ion exchange and the type of CaP-precipitates formed on the zeolite surface is assumed to be mainly brushite and apatite.
      PubDate: 2022-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05509-9
       
  • Structural Diversity of Organic Contaminants in a meso-scaled River System

    • Abstract: Abstract Due to intensive anthropogenic usage, a complex mixture of inorganic and organic contaminants entered and still enters freshwater systems, released by various activities and emission sources. However, because of the highly dynamic nature of rivers, the individual occurrence, fate, and behavior, especially of organic contaminants, are highly complex and not fully understood. Here, a GC/MS non-target screening was applied to identify and determine the chemical diversity in the aqueous phase of the meso-scaled Rur river and to categorize indicative and relevant contaminants according to their load profiles for a distinct emission characteristic. Besides very well-known or widespread lipophilic to semi-polar contaminants, also so far unknown or only sporadically identified substances have been detected. In particular, wastewater treatment plants and the paper industry have been identified as major emission sources. Additionally, temporal variations in organic contamination were investigated over three sampling campaigns (2004, 2015, and 2020). Within this timespan, the overall composition of the contamination in the Rur has changed slightly, but nevertheless, the high chemical diversity remained. A detailed consideration such as that undertaken in this study is necessary as the occurrence of substances in a river system depends on many different factors. For a holistic assessment of environmental behavior, not only the sampling locations and associated development of emission profiles must be considered but also temporal variations and mitigation measures. Such a multi-parameter scenario provides an important basis for the mitigation and reduction of organic pollutants in our environment.
      PubDate: 2022-01-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05503-1
       
  • Soil and Leaf Mineral Element Contents in Mediterranean Vineyards:
           Bioaccumulation and Potential Soil Pollution

    • Abstract: Abstract The study reported here concerns the geochemical distributions of macro- and trace elements (including potentially toxic elements, PTEs) in the vineyard soils of Alcubillas, which is one of the oldest, albeit not world-renowned, wine-growing areas in La Mancha (Central Spain). Soil and leaf samples were analyzed by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to ascertain the levels of various elements in the soil and the plant. The potential toxicity of the elements was assessed with regard to the development of the vineyard. Despite the fact that fertilizers and pesticides are employed in the vineyards in this area, the results showed that the levels of trace elements in the soil samples did not exceed the reference values according the pedogeochemical values for the region and Spain. This finding suggests that the study area is not polluted, and therefore, there are hardly any traces of anthropogenic contamination. The Biological Absorption Coefficient (BAC) was calculated to assess the assimilation of various elements from the soil to the leaves, and differences were found in the element absorption capacity of the vines. Some elements were not taken up by Vitis vinifera despite elements like Zr and Rb being present in relatively high concentrations in the soil. The production in these soils does not represent a threat to human health or the ecosystem, because the farmers in this area are extremely careful to preserve the environment and they only farm to achieve moderate yields of grapes per hectare.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-021-05485-6
       
  • Divergent Effects of Antibiotics on Plants and Microbiota in Soils with
           Contrasting Humus Content

    • Abstract: Abstract Despite the large number of scientific studies on the effects of antibiotics on soil microorganisms, little is known about the role played by soil organic matter (humus) in the interaction of antibiotics with microorganisms and plants, including the impacts on respiration and growth rate and the implications for nitrogen metabolism, which is an important factor in soil fertility The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of two widely used antibiotics, tetracycline and streptomycin, on microbiotic activity and plant growth in two soils with dissimilar organic carbon content, at the extremes of the fertility spectrum based on humus content. The study used humus-rich (Corg 5.4%) and humus-poor soils (Corg 1.5%) and measured basal respiration, substrate-induced respiration, nitric oxide emission, germination, and growth of white mustard 3 and 60 days after three progressively increasing doses of antibiotics were applied. Tetracycline was found to impair the ecological function of humus-rich soil by reducing denitrification and compromising soil microbial activity, while the effect of streptomycin on humus-poor soil was to reduce nitrification and soil fertility due to nitrogen escape. Both streptomycin and tetracycline increased the microbial biomass and suppressed the growth of white mustard seeds, which indicates an increase in the allelopathic activity of microorganisms in the soil conditions under the influence of antibiotics and their metabolites. Due to the low sorption of streptomycin in humus-poor soils, it poses a great danger to agricultural production, especially in areas of low fertility. In humus-rich soils, high concentrations of tetracycline caused numerous problems, including death of the crop plants. Thus, the effect of antibiotics as well as the more traditional soil pollutants, such as heavy metals, to a large extent, depends on the humus content of soils.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-021-05459-8
       
  • Application of the Ultrafiltration and Photooxidation Process for the
           Treatment of Rainwater

    • Abstract: Abstract As water resources become increasingly scarce, the concept of water reuse is gaining importance. Recently, attention has been paid to the use of rainwater as an alternative water resource. Part of this study, laboratory-scale experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the ultrafiltration process. The aim of the research was to assess the influence of pollutants from various roof coverings on the ultrafiltration process and the occurrence of membrane fouling. Additionally, the rainwater disinfection process was performed using UV radiation. Analysis of rainwater collected from various roofing materials, evaluating rainwater treatment by ultrafiltration in a cross-flow system, determination of the effectiveness and efficiency of the UF membrane, and additional disinfection of rainwater using UV radiation were carried out. Rainwater was collected from various roofing materials, such as steel roof tiles (RW1), bituminous shingles (RW2), and tar paper roofing (RW3). The treatment efficiency of ultrafiltration was evaluated by monitoring typical quality parameters: color, turbidity, COD, TOC, absorbance of UV254, ammonium, conductivity, and pH. Coliform bacteria, Escherichia coli and Enterococci, were monitored as total number of microorganisms at 22 ± 2 °C after 72 h. As expected, a significant reduction in individual parameters was recorded. COD of rainwater decreased in RW1 by 59%, in RW2 by 69%, and in RW3 by 74%. The ultrafiltration process ensured the complete retention of the coliform bacteria and E. coli. Complete elimination of microorganisms was demonstrated when the ultrafiltration process and UV radiation disinfection were combined.
      PubDate: 2021-12-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-021-05465-w
       
  • Obtaining Nickel Concentrates from Sludge Produced in the Process of
           Electrochemical Metal Surface Treatment

    • Abstract: Abstract The article presents the possibility of recovering nickel from waste produced as a result of wastewater neutralization during the electrochemical surface treatment of metals. Leaching the sludge with concentrated hydrochloric acid enabled the metals contained in the sludge from precipitate to the solution with the efficiency of 74.4% (Se) to 100% (Zn). The content of elements was determined using the ICP-OES method. The next step was the precipitation of metals from the obtained solution using various reagents. The precipitating reagents used were 0.5 M sodium hydroxide solution, 0.5 M sodium sulphide solution and 1% dimethylglyoxime solution. Selective precipitation made it possible to obtain nickel concentrates with the content of nickel ranging from 15.3 to 98.2% for the first two methods, whereas in the case of the third method based on a dimethylglyoxime solution, the obtained nickel concentrate purity was 94.3%. The process of leaching nickel-dimethylglyoxime complex (Ni-DMG) with sulphuric acid and crystallization enabled obtaining 99.4% purity nickel sulphate, which can be reused in the nickel plating of selected metals. The research shows that waste generated in the process of neutralization of wastewater from electroplating plants is a potentially important source of recycled nickel concentrates.
      PubDate: 2021-12-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11270-021-05456-x
       
 
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