Subjects -> ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (Total: 913 journals)
    - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (810 journals)
    - POLLUTION (31 journals)
    - TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY (54 journals)
    - WASTE MANAGEMENT (18 journals)

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (810 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 378 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Chemical Health & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACS Environmental Au     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
ACS ES&T Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Brasiliensis     Open Access  
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Membranes     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultural & Environmental Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecological journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Amazon's Research and Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ambiens. Revista Iberoamericana Universitaria en Ambiente, Sociedad y Sustentabilidad     Open Access  
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
Animal - Open Space     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Environmental Science and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
Annual Review of Environment and Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Journal of Environmental Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Arcada : Revista de conservación del patrimonio cultural     Open Access  
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Arctic Environmental Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Atmospheric Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Atmospheric Environment : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Augm Domus : Revista electrónica del Comité de Medio Ambiente de AUGM     Open Access  
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Australasian Journal of Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Basic and Applied Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Biocenosis     Open Access  
Biochar     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Biofouling: The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioremediation Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Bothalia : African Biodiversity & Conservation     Open Access  
Built Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Carbon Capture Science & Technology     Open Access  
Carbon Resources Conversion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering     Open Access  
Cell Biology and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenges in Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chemico-Biological Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemosphere     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Chinese Journal of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal  
Ciencia, Ambiente y Clima     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
City and Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clean Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner and Circular Bioeconomy (CLCB)     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cleaner Energy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cleaner Environmental Systems     Open Access  
Cleaner Production Letters     Hybrid Journal  
Cleaner Waste Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cleanroom Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Climate Change Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Climate Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Climate Resilience and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Environmental Science     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Conservation Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Consilience : The Journal of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Problems of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica / Geographical Research Letters     Open Access  
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Environmental Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Forestry Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Landscape Ecology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Research in Environmental Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Die Bodenkultur : Journal of Land Management, Food and Environment     Open Access  
Disaster Prevention and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
disP - The Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Earth Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Earth System Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth System Science Data (ESSD)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Eco-Environment & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Eco-Thinking     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecocycles     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ecologia Aplicada     Open Access  
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 164)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecological Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Indicators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Ecological Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Management & Restoration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Ecological Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Ecological Monographs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Ecological Processes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ecological Restoration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Ecologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Ecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 385)
Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 99)
Ecology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 273)
EcoMat : Functional Materials for Green Energy and Environment     Open Access  
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecoprint : An International Journal of Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ecosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Ecosystem Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ecotrophic : Journal of Environmental Science     Open Access  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Éducation relative à l'environnement     Open Access  
Electronic Green Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Empowering Sustainability International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Energy & Environmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Energy and Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy and Environment Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.773
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 12  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-0703 - ISSN (Online) 0090-4341
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Analysis of Daily and Diurnal O3–NOx Relationships and Assessment of
           Local/Regional Oxidant (OX = O3 + NO2) Levels and Associated Human
           Health Risk at a Coastal Suburban Site of Sfax (Tunisia)

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      Abstract: Abstract The present study investigated the temporal variability of surface ozone and its nitrogen precursors at the proximity of a traffic crossroad (≈ 22,580 vehicles per day) located in a coastal suburban site of Sfax city (Tunisia). It was performed during January–October, 2010. The study results show that the surface ozone is characterized by a slightly modulated regime between day and night. At traffic-peak hours, the decrease of ozone concentration levels is due to the oxidation reaction of NO into NO2. Complementary statistical approaches (inter-variable correlation matrix, cluster analysis, representation quality of variables and multiple regression analysis) reveal that the excess of O3 is mainly affected by the wind speed, temperature, solar radiation and NO2 with contribution rates of 127, 21, 22 and 12%, respectively. The decrease of O3 is, however, controlled by NO, relative humidity and boundary layer height with contribution rates of 25, 21 and 16%, respectively. The regional daytime and night-time contributions to O3 are very different. The daytime intercept which is greater than that of night-time indicates there was a large NOx independent regional contribution. This could be attributed to the biogenic VOCs effect interfering in the photochemical cycle. It, therefore, implies that the study site is VOC-sensitive. The investigation of the air quality index (AQI) for O3 and NO2 showed that more than 86% of the total studied period has a good quality level. Only about 14% of total days are characterized by an acceptable air quality level, however, for a very small number of people are unusually sensitive to air pollution.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
       
  • Elevated Urbanization-Driven Plant Accumulation of Metal(loid)s Including
           Arsenic Species and Assessment of the Kłodnica River Sediment
           Contamination

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      Abstract: Abstract The impact of water and bottom sediment pollution of a river subjected to a strong industrial anthropogenic pressure of metal(loid) (including arsenic and its species) accumulation in riverbank plants such as Solidago virgaurea L., Phragmites L. and Urtica dioica L. was investigated. The high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS) technique was used to study organic and inorganic arsenic species in selected plants and their response to heavy metal and arsenic contamination. The modified BCR extraction results showed that arsenic was mainly bound to the mobile reducible and organic-sulfide fractions in the Kłodnica River bottom sediments. Research has shown that the bottom sediments of the Kłodnica River are contaminated with metals, including Pb, Zn, Ni, As, and among arsenic species, the As(V) form dominated quantitatively, with its highest concentration being 49.3 mg kg−1 and the organic species occurred extremely rarely. The highest concentration of arsenic, among the tested plants, occurred in Phragmites communis L. The evaluation of the bottom sediment pollution was performed using Sb/As factor, geoaccumulation index (Igeo), enrichment factor (EF) and pollution load index (PLI). The ability of the plant to assimilate metals from the substrate was studied by calculation of the bioaccumulation factor (BAF). Values of the Igeo change in a wide range from class 1 (uncontaminated to moderately polluted for Cu and Zn) at the first sampling point, to 5 (highly to extremely polluted for Ba and Fe) at the K4 sampling point. The Igeo results show an increase in the contamination with elements toward the runoff of the Kłodnica River.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
       
  • Toxicity of Silver Nanoparticles in the Presence of Zinc Oxide
           Nanoparticles Differs for Acute and Chronic Exposures in Zebrafish

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      Abstract: We assessed the acute toxicity effects (96 h) of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) and chronic (28 d) exposure to Ag NPs, including in combination with ZnO NPs. In the chronic studies, we further assessed the toxicokinetics and bioaccumulation of Ag and the resulting histopathological effects in the gill, intestine, and liver of zebrafish. Co-exposures with ZnO NPs reduced the toxicity of Ag NPs for acute (lethality) but enhanced the toxicity effects (tissue histopathology) for chronic exposures. The histological lesions for both NPs exposures in the gill included necrosis and fusion of lamellae, for the intestine necrosis and degeneration, and in the liver, mainly necrosis. The severity of the histological lesions induced by the Ag NPs was related to the amount of accumulated Ag in the zebrafish organs. The Ag accumulation in different organs was higher in the presence of ZnO NPs in the order of the gill > intestine > liver. Depuration kinetics illustrated the lowest half-life for Ag occurred in the gill and for the combined exposure of Ag with ZnO NPs. Our findings illustrate that in addition to tissue, time, and exposure concentration dependencies, the Ag NPs toxicity can also be influenced by the co-exposure to other NPs (here ZnO NPs), emphasizing the need for more combination exposure effects studies for NPs to more fully understand their potential environmental health risks. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-11-05
       
  • Relationships Between Aquatic Toxicity, Chemical Hydrophobicity, and Mode
           of Action: Log Kow Revisited

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      Abstract: Abstract Relationships between toxicity and chemical hydrophobicity have been known for nearly 100 years in mammals and fish, typically using the log of the octanol:water partition coefficient (Kow). The current study reassessed the influence of mode of action (MOA) on acute aquatic toxicity-log Kow relationships using a comprehensive database of 617 organic chemicals with curated and standardized acute toxicity data that did not exceed solubility limits, their consensus log Kow values, and weight of evidence-based MOA classifications (including 6 broad and 26 specific MOAs). A total of 166 significant (p < 0.05) log Kow-toxicity models were developed across six taxa groups that included QSARs for 5 of the broad and 13 of the specific MOAs. In this study, we demonstrate that QSARs based on MOAs can significantly increase LC50 prediction accuracy for specific acting chemicals. Prediction accuracy increases when QSARs are built based on highly specific MOAs, rather than broad MOA classifications. Additionally, we demonstrate that building QSAR models with chemicals in specific MOA groupings, rather than broader MOA groups leads to significantly better estimates. We also evaluated the differences between models developed from mass-based (µg/L) and mole-based (µmol/L) toxicity data and demonstrate that both are suitable for QSAR development with no clear trend in greater model accuracy. Overall, the results reveal that, despite high variance in all taxa and MOA groups, specific MOA-based models can improve the accuracy of aquatic toxicity predictions over more general groupings.Please check and confirm that the authors and their respective affiliations have been correctly identified and amend if necessary.The affiliations are correct.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
       
  • Improvements in Estimating Bioaccumulation Metrics in the Light of
           Toxicokinetic Models and Bayesian Inference

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      Abstract: Abstract The surveillance of chemical substances in the scope of Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) is classically performed through bio-assays from which data are collected and then analysed and/or modelled. Some analysis are based on the fitting of toxicokinetic (TK) models to assess the bioaccumulation capacity of chemical substances via the estimation of bioaccumulation metrics as required by regulatory documents. Given that bio-assays are particularly expensive and time consuming, it is of crucial importance to deeply benefit from all information contained in the data. By revisiting the calculation of bioaccumulation metrics under a Bayesian framework, this paper suggests changes in the way of characterising the bioaccumulation capacity of chemical substances. For this purpose, a meta-analysis of a data-rich TK database was performed, considering uncertainties around bioaccumulation metrics. Our results were statistically robust enough to suggest an additional criterion to the single median estimate of bioaccumulation metrics to assign a chemical substance to a given bioaccumulation capacity. Our proposal is to use the 75th percentile of the uncertainty interval of the bioaccumulation metrics, which revealed an appropriate complement for the classification of chemical substances (e.g. PBT (persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic) and vPvB (very persistent and very bioaccumulative) under the EU chemicals legislation). The 75% quantile proved its efficiency, similarly classifying 90% of the chemical substances as the conventional method.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
       
  • Use of Site-Specific Data for Modeling Selenium Bioaccumulation by
           Terrestrial Animals

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      Abstract: Abstract We developed a bioaccumulation model from an extensive set of monitoring data to predict selenium (Se) concentrations in biota within a terrestrial system (Kesterson Reservoir, CA). The model uses water-extractable Se and total Se concentrations in soil to estimate the expected mean and ranges of Se concentrations in biota at Kesterson for future scenarios. Biological monitoring data collected at Kesterson from 1989 to 1994 were used to parameterize the initial model. The model was tested and updated with additional sample results from 1995 through 2001 biological monitoring and validated and calibrated using Se concentrations from sampling conducted in 2004 and 2006. Minor adjustments were made to the model based on each additional year’s results, and the model was used in 2014 to assess whether there were continuing threats to wildlife at Kesterson. The model predicts Se concentrations in small mammals, bird blood, and bird eggs in common species found at Kesterson. This model was used for the final assessment of Kesterson in 2014 and performed well, but there was variability in results, probably due to differences in individual diets and feeding ranges of animals. The model has been further refined since 2014, as we describe here. The model performs well for predicting central tendency and is conservative as the predicted upper limits of the biotic exposure distributions were mostly similar or higher than the measured. The trophic and tissue transfer factors and regression equations should be applicable to other Se-contaminated sites; adjusting weighting factors based on diet and range allows the model to be adapted and used at other sites.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
       
  • Models as Much Needed Tools in Ecotoxicology: Integrative Approaches to
           Cross Barriers

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      PubDate: 2022-10-27
       
  • Physiological Dependency Explains Temperature Differences in Sensitivity
           Towards Chemical Exposure

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      Abstract: Abstract In chemical risk assessment, extrapolations from laboratory tests to more realistic conditions are essential to address the toxic effects of pesticides on individuals and populations under field conditions. To transfer toxicological laboratory tests to differing temperature conditions, or outdoor field scenarios, the consideration of temperature dependence is essential and increases realism. Special consideration is given to the impact of temperature on direct sensitivity of organisms to pesticides, for which there are only few modelling approaches available so far. We present a concept for applying physiological temperature dependencies to toxicokinetic–toxicodynamic (TKTD) parameters in the General Uniformed Threshold model of Survival (GUTS). To test this approach in an exemplary study, temperature dependencies from studies on the developmental rate of the mayfly Cloeon dipterum were applied to the parameters of a previously parameterised TKTD model of this species after exposure to imidacloprid. Using a physiologically derived temperature correction for the TKTD rate constants, model predictions for independently conducted toxicology experiments with temperature ranges between 7.8 and 26.4 °C were performed for validation. Our approach demonstrates the successful transfer of a physiological observed temperature dependency on toxicity parameters and survival patterns for Cloeon dipterum and imidacloprid as a case study.
      PubDate: 2022-10-20
       
  • Maternal Transfer and Long-Term Population Effects of PCBs in Baltic Grey
           Seals Using a New Toxicokinetic–Toxicodynamic Population Model

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      Abstract: Abstract Empirical evidence has shown that historical exposure of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) to Baltic grey seals not only severely affected individual fitness, but also population growth rates and most likely caused the retarded recovery rate of the depleted population for decades. We constructed a new model which we term a toxicokinetic–toxicodynamic (TKTD) population model to quantify these effects. The toxicokinetic sub-model describes in detail the bioaccumulation, elimination and vertical transfer from mother to offspring of PCBs and is linked to a toxicodynamic model for estimation of PCB-related damage, hazard and stress impacts on fertility and survival rates. Both sub-models were linked to a Leslie matrix population model to calculate changes in population growth rate and age structure, given different rates of PCB exposure. Toxicodynamic model parameters related to reproductive organ lesions were calibrated using published historical data on observed pregnancy rates in Baltic grey seal females. Compared to empirical data, the TKTD population model described well the age-specific bioaccumulation pattern of PCBs in Baltic grey seals, and thus, the toxicokinetic parameters, deduced from the literature, are believed to be reliable. The model also captured well the general effects of PCBs on historical population growth rates. The model showed that reduced fertility due to increased PCB exposure causes decreased vertical transfer from mother to offspring and in turn increased biomagnification in non-breeding females. The developed TKTD model can be used to perform population viability analyses of Baltic grey seals with multiple stressors, also including by-catches and different hunting regimes. The model can also be extended to other marine mammals and other contaminants by adjustments of model parameters and thus provides a test bed in silico for new substances.
      PubDate: 2022-10-15
       
  • In Situ Burning for Oil Spill Response in the Arctic: Recovery and
           Quantification of Chemical Herding Agent OP-40 from Burned Oil Residues

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      Abstract: In situ burning (ISB) aided by OP-40 is one of the best suited and effective oil spill response techniques for Arctic conditions. However, the fate of OP-40 in the environment after an ISB event is not fully understood, especially the amount of OP-40 remaining within the burned oil residues. Previous studies reported partial accumulation of OP-40 in water, and no OP-40 was measured in the air emissions following the burn. Accumulation of OP-40 in burned oil residues is not appropriately quantified as it is challenging to process and analyze burned oil samples in the laboratory, and there exists no standard method in the literature to measure and quantify OP-40 in burned residues. In this work, we report on the development of an analytical method for the quantification of OP-40 in burned oil residues using column chromatography, followed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis which was successfully employed to measure more than 90% of the applied OP-40 in the burned residues for controlled bench-scale burns. Additionally, the robustness of the developed method was further tested by measuring OP-40 in burn residues from ISBs conducted at different oil–water emulsion ratios (60–100% oil) and water temperatures (4–35 °C), wherein known amounts of OP-40 were added to the residues. Results indicate that the method is equally effective for different oil–water emulsions, but the OP-40 recoveries (89.2–115.6%) are significantly higher at warmer temperatures than the OP-40 recoveries (87.0–103.3%) at colder temperatures. Overall, the method developed in this work could assist in the understanding of the fate of OP-40 in a potentially important environmental matrix of burned oil residues that are left behind sometimes long (weeks to years) after an ISB event. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-10-07
       
  • Determining Toxic Potencies of Water-Soluble Contaminants in Wastewater
           Influents and Effluent Using Gene Expression Profiling in C. elegans as a
           Bioanalytical Tool

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      Abstract: With chemical analysis, it is impossible to qualify and quantify the toxic potency of especially hydrophilic bioactive contaminants. In this study, we applied the nematode C. elegans as a model organism for detecting the toxic potency of whole influent wastewater samples. Gene expression in the nematode was used as bioanalytical tool to reveal the presence, type and potency of molecular pathways induced by 24-h exposure to wastewater from a hospital (H), nursing home (N), community (C), and influent (I) and treated effluent (E) from a local wastewater treatment plant. Exposure to influent water significantly altered expression of 464 genes, while only two genes were differentially expressed in nematodes treated with effluent. This indicates a significant decrease in bioactive pollutant-load after wastewater treatment. Surface water receiving the effluent did not induce any genes in exposed nematodes. A subset of 209 genes was differentially expressed in all untreated wastewaters, including cytochromes P450 and C-type lectins related to the nematode’s xenobiotic metabolism and immune response, respectively. Different subsets of genes responded to particular waste streams making them candidates to fingerprint-specific wastewater sources. This study shows that gene expression profiling in C. elegans can be used for mechanism-based identification of hydrophilic bioactive compounds and fingerprinting of specific wastewaters. More comprehensive than with chemical analysis, it can demonstrate the effective overall removal of bioactive compounds through wastewater treatment. This bioanalytical tool can also be applied in the process of identification of the bioactive compounds via a process of toxicity identification evaluation. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
       
  • Two Congener-specific Models Estimate PCB TEQ Hazard to American Mink
           (Neovison vison) Living near a Western New York Creek

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      Abstract: Abstract We present two models to monitor the health of ecosystems by assessing hazard from a persistent organic compound to a top predator species. Our diet model predicts the dietary exposure of American Mink (Neovison vison) to PCB toxic equivalents (TEQ) by combining concentrations in their prey using weighted average proportions consistent with literature-based mink diets. Our bioaccumulation model predicts the dietary exposure of mink to PCB TEQ based on each congener’s total concentration in water (dissolved plus particulate fractions), the octanal/water partition coefficient (log Kow) of the compound, and the trophic levels of prey taxa. Both models predict mink dietary concentrations which can be directly compared with each other and with lowest observable adverse effects concentrations (LOAECs) to assess chronic and acute hazards of PCB TEQ to mink. By our choice of certain parameters in the bioaccumulation model, we forced it to match the diet model within less than 5% for Eighteenmile Creek in western New York State. When the two models were used for a similar creek about 25 km away, the differences in their predictions were of the same magnitude.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
       
  • Trace Metal Accumulation in Eggs of Wild Nile Crocodiles (Crocodylus
           niloticus) from Lake St Lucia, South Africa: Implications for
           Biomonitoring in a Global Biodiversity Hotspot

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      Abstract: Abstract Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus) at Lake St Lucia, South Africa, have some of the highest blood lead (Pb) concentrations ever recorded in wildlife globally. Although exposure to Pb is known to pose major risks to wildlife reproductive success, potential impacts on crocodile reproduction at Lake St Lucia have yet to be examined. In this study, we investigated the accumulation of Pb and other trace metals (Al, V, Cr, Co, Cu, Ni, Zn and Cd) in eggs (n = 20) collected from five wild crocodile nests at Lake St Lucia. All metals analysed in this study were detected in egg contents, although concentrations varied considerably among nests and within clutches. Lead was detected in the contents of all eggs, but only at relatively low concentrations (43 ± 26 ng g−1 dry weight). Although sampling limitations commonly associated with wild population surveys prevent a complete assessment of exposure variability, our findings suggest maternal transfer may not be a significant depuration pathway for Pb and females possibly clear Pb through other mechanisms (e.g. sequestration into claws, bone and osteoderms). Metal concentrations in eggshells and shell membranes were poorly correlated with concentrations measured in egg content and thus do not provide viable non-lethal indicators for monitoring metal exposure in Nile crocodiles. Intra-clutch variability accounted for a considerable proportion of the total variance in egg content metal concentrations, suggesting the “one egg” sampling strategy often applied in reptile studies may not be an effective biomonitoring tool for wild crocodilian populations. Although maternally derived Pb does not appear to present widespread toxicological concern at Lake St Lucia, adverse effects of Pb exposure on other reproductive functions (e.g. spermatogenesis) cannot be discounted and warrant further investigation.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • Identification of Microcrustaceans as Potential Bioindicators of Arsenic
           in Tropical Water Bodies

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      Abstract: Abstract We investigated microcrustaceans inhabiting arsenic contaminated and non-contaminated freshwater to identify potential bioindicators of arsenic contamination in the tropical freshwater of Matehuala in northern Mexico. We collected water, sediment, and zooplankton, at five sampling points during three sampling campaigns. We determined water temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity, salinity, and total arsenic concentration in water. Additionally, we determined total arsenic and arsenic speciation in sediment samples. We identified microcrustaceans and determined abundance, richness, and Shannon Index. We also investigated relationships and correlations between physiochemical and ecological variables. Results showed that arsenic concentrations in freshwater ranged from 0.001 to 53.23 mg/L, while total arsenic in sediments ranged from 10.37 to 2472.84 mg/kg as As + 5. Six microcrustacean species were found in highly and moderately contaminated water (Latonopsis australis, Eucyclops chihuahuensis, Acanthocyclops americanus, Pleuroxus (Picripleuroxus) quasidenticulatus, Macrocyclops albidus, and Paracyclops chiltoni), while five species were found in arsenic-free water (Simocephalus punctatus, Alona glabra, Eucyclops leptacanthus, M. albidus, and P. quasidenticulatus). An inverse relationship was observed between microcrustacean richness and arsenic. However, the scope of the data did not allow for a strong and significant correlation. Nevertheless, among the species inhabiting As-free water, S. punctatus showed potential to be further tested as a bioindicator of As contamination in Matehuala. Identification of potential bioindicators could help monitor water quality and increase understanding of the incorporation and toxicity of As in freshwater-sensitive and freshwater-metallotolerant microcrustaceans, which, in turn, might help us to understand As incorporation in the food web.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • Using Biological Responses to Monitor Freshwater Post-Spill Conditions
           over 3 years in Blacktail Creek, North Dakota, USA

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      Abstract: Abstract A pipeline carrying unconventional oil and gas (OG) wastewater spilled approximately 11 million liters of wastewater into Blacktail Creek, North Dakota, USA. Flow of the mix of stream water and wastewater down the channel resulted in storage of contaminants in the hyporheic zone and along the banks, providing a long-term source of wastewater constituents to the stream. A multi-level investigation was used to assess the potential effects of oil and brine spills on aquatic life. In this study, we used a combination of experiments using a native fish species, Fathead Minnow (Pimephales promelas), field sampling of the microbial community structure, and measures of estrogenicity. The fish investigation included in situ experiments and experiments with collected site water. Estrogenicity was measured in collected site water samples, and microbial community analyses were conducted on collected sediments. During the initial post-spill investigation, February 2015, performing in situ fish bioassays was impossible because of ice conditions. However, microbial community (e.g., the presence of members of the Halomonadaceae, a family that is indicative of elevated salinity) and estrogenicity differences were compared to reference sites and point to early biological effects of the spill. We noted water column effects on in situ fish survival 6 months post-spill during June 2015. At that time, total dissolved ammonium (sum of ammonium and ammonia, TAN) was 4.41 mg NH4/L with an associated NH3 of 1.09 mg/L, a concentration greater than the water quality criteria established to protect aquatic life. Biological measurements in the sediment defined early and long-lasting effects of the spill on aquatic resources. The microbial community structure was affected during all sampling events. Therefore, sediment may act as a sink for constituents spilled and as such provide an indication of continued and cumulative effects post-spill. However, lack of later water column effects may reflect pulse hyporheic flow of ammonia from shallow ground water. Combining fish toxicological, microbial community structure and estrogenicity information provides a complete ecological investigation that defines potential influences of contaminants at organismal, population, and community levels. In general, in situ bioassays have implications for the individual survival and changes at the population level, microbial community structure defines potential changes at the community level, and estrogenicity measurements define changes at the individual and molecular level. By understanding effects at these various levels of biological organization, natural resource managers can interpret how a course of action, especially for remediation/restoration, might affect a larger group of organisms in the system. The current work also reviews potential effects of additional constituents defined during chemistry investigations on aquatic resources.
      PubDate: 2022-09-21
       
  • Hexachloropentadiene in Soil, Air, and Biota Around an Agrochemical
           Factory: Concentrations, Distribution, and Risk Evaluation

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      Abstract: Abstract Hexachloropentadiene (HCPD) is a highly toxic compound that is mainly used for preparation of organochlorine insecticides. To investigate HCPD contamination of the environment during pesticide processing, 153 air, soil, and biota samples were collected around an agrochemical factory in different seasons of 1 year and analyzed for HCPD. The HCPD concentrations were 0.01–12.7 ng/m3 (average 2.60 ng/m3) in the air samples and 0.14–51.5 ng/g (average 4.11 ng/g) in the soil samples. HCPD concentrations were highest within 1 km north of the production site, which was in the downwind direction of the factory and storage tanks, especially in autumn and winter. Soil–air exchange analysis showed that HCPD was deposited from air to soil with a flux of 0.003 to 0.20 ng/(m2 d) throughout the year. The dismantling of obsolete equipment accelerated the release of HCPD into the air and increased the amount of HCPD deposited in the soil. HPCD concentration ranges were 0.44–55.7 ng/g dry weight [d.w.] (average 22.2 ng/g d.w.) and 6.69–91.4 ng/g d.w. (average 26.2) in locally grown rice and wheat, respectively. The concentration range was 12.1–1596 ng/g lipid weight (average 560 ng/g lipid weight) in local organisms, except for chicken. In tissues from locally raised chicken, the HCPD concentrations decreased in the order of gizzard, liver, heart, and meat. HCPD was amplified through a short food chain (soil, Vigna unguiculata leaves, larvae of Pieris rapae, and chicken), and the bioaccumulation factor gradually increased over a range of 1.19–25.1 (mean 9.81).
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00244-022-00957-0
       
  • Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Exposure Alter Neuroendocrine Factors,
           Disrupt Cardiac Functions and Provokes Hypoxia Conditions in Zebrafish
           Model

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      Abstract: Abstract Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is an increasingly popular vertebrate model used for assessing the toxicity of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) on living beings. The zebrafish features high genetic homology to mammals, because of its rapid embryonic development, optical transparency of phenotypic screening embryos, high throughput genetic and chemical screening which make them a powerful toxicological model. This systematic review aimed to assess the recent literature on the use of zebrafish model in EDCs toxicity studies. We capture the data on the types of EDCs used, zebrafish life stages associated with the toxicity, and its effects on the alterations in neuroendocrine factors and cardiac hypoxia in zebrafish. A total of 17 articles published between 2010 and 2020 were curated. The information gathered highlighted the association of EDCs with cardiological outcomes and neurobehavioral effects and distorted expression of genes. The genes that were highlighted in the paper include bdnf, ntrk2a, grin2cb, VTG-1, HIF-1α, tnnt2, ntrk1, and pax6b. The effect of EDCs on cardiac hypoxia and neurodevelopmental and behavioral factors of zebrafish were described in all the papers chosen for this review. The involvement of EDCs in altered regulation of gene expression can be studied further to identify the potential EDC compounds on its toxicological and endocrine disruption function at the molecular level.
      PubDate: 2022-09-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00244-022-00955-2
       
  • Extrapolating Contaminant Effects from Individuals to Populations: A Case
           Study on Nanoparticle Toxicity to Daphnia Fed Environmentally Relevant
           Food Levels

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      Abstract: Abstract Ecological risk assessment (ERA) is charged with assessing the likelihood a chemical will have adverse environmental or ecological effects. When assessing the risk of a potential contaminant to biological organisms, ecologists are most concerned with the sustainability of populations of organisms, rather than protecting every individual. However, ERA most commonly relies on data on the effect of a potential contaminant on individuals because these experiments are more feasible than costly population-level exposures. In this work, we address the challenge of extrapolating these individual-level results to predict population-level effects. Previous per-capita population growth rate estimates calculated from individual-level exposures of Daphnia pulicaria to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) at different food rations predict a critical daily food requirement for daphnid populations exposed to 200 μg/L AgNPs to avoid extinction. To test this, we exposed daphnid populations to the same AgNP concentration at three different food inputs, with the lowest ration close to the extinction threshold predicted from data on individuals. The two populations with the higher food inputs persisted, and the population with the lowest food input went extinct after 50 days but did persist through two generations. We demonstrate that we can extrapolate between these levels of biological organization by parameterizing an individual-level biomass model with data on individuals’ response to AgNPs and using these parameters to predict the outcome for control and AgNP-exposed populations. Key to successful extrapolation is careful modeling of temporal changes in resource density, driven by both the experimental protocols and feedback from the consumer. The implication for ecotoxicology is that estimates of extinction thresholds based on studies of individuals may be reliable predictors of population outcomes, but only with careful treatment of resource dynamics.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s00244-022-00950-7
       
  • n-Alkanes and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Deposition Dust and PM10
           of Interiors in Touggourt Region, Algeria

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      Abstract: Abstract The occurrence of pollutants in environment displays its maximum impact on human health and on the global “quality” of life in the places where humans spend most of their time, i.e., indoors. A field study was undertaken in the region of Touggourt, Algeria. The goal was that of obtaining information on the main sources of indoor pollutant emissions (n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic compounds) associated with deposition dusts (DDs) and suspended particulates (PM10). A multi-service clinic, two schools, a coffee bar, three houses, and an asphalt distribution center were investigated. Forty-five samples in total were collected, including 31 deposition dusts and 14 airborne particulates. That would improve the current understanding of pollution features in central Algeria reached through previous investigations in the Touggourt region. Capillary gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric detection was adopted to determine the concentrations of n-alkanes and PAHs. In deposition dust, total n-alkanes (TNAs) ranged between 37 and 794 ng/(m2 day) in the summer and 33–1,724 ng/(m2 day) in the fall. Meanwhile, TNAs loads in the PM10 samples ranged between 778 and 2,024 ng/m3. According to Carbon Preference Index (CPI), Cmax, and wax n-alkanes (WaxCn) approaches, both DD and PM10 were released overall by anthropogenic sources, though the contribution of natural emissions could not be neglected. Total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (TPAHs) associated with DD ranged from 4.4 ng/(m2 day) to 127 ng/(m2 day) during the summer period, and 2.0–224 ng/(m2 day) in the fall; TPAHs’ concentrations in PM10 ranged between 40 ng/m3 and 984 ng/m3. Preliminary information about the sources of PAHs was drawn by calculating the concentration ratios between diagnostic pairs (DRs) of PAHs. According to PAH DR values, the pollution sources influenced at distinct extents all of the sites and locations investigated. Anyway, the PAH occurrence was associated with petrogenic sources, with the prevalence of gasoline fuel cars, at most sites. A wide variability was also observed by comparing the concentrations of pollutants observed in the summer and in the fall. This was in agreement with the results of n-alkanes emissions.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s00244-022-00954-3
       
  • Multi-biomarker Assessment in a Native Species Psalidodon eigenmanniorum
           Under Inorganic Mercury and Recovery Scenarios

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      Abstract: Abstract The increasing contamination of water bodies with mercury raises concerns about its possible effects on aquatic organisms. The combined use of several biomarkers allows researchers to study the impact of a chemical at different levels of biological organization. In the present work, we determined the response of histological (gills and liver), somatic (condition factor and hepato-somatic index), and behavioral (predator–prey relationship, through the presentation of a computer-animated image) biomarkers in the native species Psalidodon eigenmanniorum exposed to 100 µg L−1 of inorganic Hg (IHg) during 96 h. We also assessed whether there was a change in the biomarkers analyzed after 7 days in Hg-free water compared with those exposed to IHg. In exposed fish, IHg caused damage to the gills and liver tissues. The condition factor showed no difference between IHg-exposed organisms and control organisms, while the hepato-somatic index was lower in IHg-exposed fish. As for the behavioral analyses, it was observed that the presentation of a stimulus induced changes in the behavioral responses of fish exposed to IHg, which showed a heightened state of alertness with respect to control. On the other hand, after 7 days in Hg-free water, the organisms generally showed no changes in biomarkers compared with IHg-exposed fish. Our results contribute new data on IHg toxicity in a native species and provide information on the plasticity of damage to reverse itself. Furthermore, this work provides baseline information for environmental assessments in water bodies where mercury is present.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00244-022-00946-3
       
 
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