Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2688 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (229 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (237 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (176 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1325 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (452 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (56 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (98 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (115 journals)

ENGINEERING (1325 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted by number of followers
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 221)
IEEE Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 219)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175)
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 150)
IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148)
IEEE Communications Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 140)
IEEE Engineering Management Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 117)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 112)
IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 111)
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 106)
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
IEEE Industry Applications Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Engineering Failure Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
IEEE Microwave Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
IEEE Signal Processing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
IEEE Transactions on Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Potentials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Heat Transfer Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Digital Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Flow, Turbulence and Combustion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Géotechnique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Applied Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Engineering & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
IET Image Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Intermetallics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IEEE Transactions on Electronics Packaging Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IET Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Implementation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Engineering Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Electrophoresis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IET Circuits, Devices & Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Experiments in Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Integration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Engineering Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
European Journal of Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Energy Conversion and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IET Renewable Power Generation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Human Factors in Ergonomics & Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heat Transfer - Asian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Geotechnical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Fuel Cells Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Fuel Cells     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Discrete Optimization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Designs, Codes and Cryptography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Geothermics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Fuel and Energy Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fusion Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Formal Methods in System Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Adaptive Control and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IET Science, Measurement & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Architectural Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Focus on Powder Coatings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Ground Improvement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fluid Phase Equilibria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Graphs and Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Filtration & Separation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Grass and Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Engineering Computations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Focus on Pigments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fuzzy Sets and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Historical Records of Australian Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IET Optoelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Abrasive Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Comptes Rendus : Mécanique     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Latin America Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Focus on Surfactants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Foundations of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Forschung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Épités - Épitészettudomány     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dyes and Pigments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Designed Monomers and Polymers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Catalysts     Full-text available via subscription  
ESAIM: Proceedings     Open Access  
Environmetrics     Hybrid Journal  
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.741
Citation Impact (citeScore): 9
Number of Followers: 39  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0733-8716
Published by IEEE Homepage  [228 journals]
  • IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Presents a listing of the editorial board, board of governors, current staff, committee members, and/or society editors for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • IEEE Communications Society Information

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Presents a listing of the editorial board, board of governors, current staff, committee members, and/or society editors for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Guest Editorial Special Issue on Integrated Sensing and
           Communication—Part I

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      Authors: Fan Liu;Christos Masouros;Jie Xu;Tony Xiao Han;Aboulnasr Hassanien;Yonina C. Eldar;Stefano Buzzi;
      Pages: 1723 - 1727
      Abstract: Driving a gradual integration of the physical and digital worlds is perceived to become a reality in the 6G era, from vehicles to drones, from surveillance facilities in cities to agricultural tools in the countryside. Jointly motivated by recent advances in communication and signal processing, radio sensing functionality can be integrated into a 6G radio access network (RAN) in a low-cost and fast manner. That is, future networks have the ability to “see” the physical world through imaging and measuring the surrounding environment, which enables advanced location-aware services, ranging from the physical to application layers. In essence, a radio emission could simultaneously convey communication data from the transmitter to the receiver and deliver environmental information from the scattered echoes. Therefore, sensing and communication (S&C) functionalities are possible to be co-designed to utilize resources efficiently and to assist each other for mutual benefits. This type of research is typically referred to as integrated sensing and communication (ISAC).
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Integrated Sensing and Communications: Toward Dual-Functional Wireless
           Networks for 6G and Beyond

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      Authors: Fan Liu;Yuanhao Cui;Christos Masouros;Jie Xu;Tony Xiao Han;Yonina C. Eldar;Stefano Buzzi;
      Pages: 1728 - 1767
      Abstract: As the standardization of 5G solidifies, researchers are speculating what 6G will be. The integration of sensing functionality is emerging as a key feature of the 6G Radio Access Network (RAN), allowing for the exploitation of dense cell infrastructures to construct a perceptive network. In this IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications (JSAC) Special Issue overview, we provide a comprehensive review on the background, range of key applications and state-of-the-art approaches of Integrated Sensing and Communications (ISAC). We commence by discussing the interplay between sensing and communications (S&C) from a historical point of view, and then consider the multiple facets of ISAC and the resulting performance gains. By introducing both ongoing and potential use cases, we shed light on the industrial progress and standardization activities related to ISAC. We analyze a number of performance tradeoffs between S&C, spanning from information theoretical limits to physical layer performance tradeoffs, and the cross-layer design tradeoffs. Next, we discuss the signal processing aspects of ISAC, namely ISAC waveform design and receive signal processing. As a step further, we provide our vision on the deeper integration between S&C within the framework of perceptive networks, where the two functionalities are expected to mutually assist each other, i.e., via communication-assisted sensing and sensing-assisted communications. Finally, we identify the potential integration of ISAC with other emerging communication technologies, and their positive impacts on the future of wireless networks.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • On the Degrees of Freedom Region for Simultaneous Imaging & Uplink
           Communication

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      Authors: Nishant Mehrotra;Ashutosh Sabharwal;
      Pages: 1768 - 1779
      Abstract: In this paper, we take the first step towards quantifying the fundamental performance trade-offs between imaging and communication supported simultaneously using the same network resources. We analyze an uplink system configuration with a full-duplex base station (BS) illuminating an imaging scene while receiving data from a communication user. Our main contributions are two-fold. First, we propose a unified signal space analysis framework based on the degrees of freedom metric to characterize the trade-offs between the two operations in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime. Second, we propose a dual-function joint processing scheme, decode-and-image, that allows the BS to simultaneously form an image of the scene while decoding the uplink user’s data. Our analysis and proposed scheme highlight the benefits of exploiting the uplink signals for imaging, at the cost of increased cooperation between the BS and uplink user. Moreover, our proposed scheme outperforms traditional schemes that enable dual-function operation via spatial or temporal isolation of imaging and communication signals.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Active Sensing for Communications by Learning

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      Authors: Foad Sohrabi;Tao Jiang;Wei Cui;Wei Yu;
      Pages: 1780 - 1794
      Abstract: This paper proposes a deep learning approach to a class of active sensing problems in wireless communications in which an agent sequentially interacts with an environment over a predetermined number of time frames to gather information in order to perform a sensing or actuation task for maximizing some utility function. In such an active learning setting, the agent needs to design an adaptive sensing strategy sequentially based on the observations made so far. To tackle such a challenging problem in which the dimension of historical observations increases over time, we propose to use a long short-term memory (LSTM) network to exploit the temporal correlations in the sequence of observations and to map each observation to a fixed-size state information vector. We then use a deep neural network (DNN) to map the LSTM state at each time frame to the design of the next measurement step. Finally, we employ another DNN to map the final LSTM state to the desired solution. We investigate the performance of the proposed framework for adaptive channel sensing problems in wireless communications. In particular, we consider the adaptive beamforming problem for mmWave beam alignment and the adaptive reconfigurable intelligent surface sensing problem for reflection alignment. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed deep active sensing strategy outperforms the existing adaptive or nonadaptive sensing schemes.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Generalized Transceiver Beamforming for DFRC With MIMO Radar and MU-MIMO
           Communication

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      Authors: Li Chen;Zhiqin Wang;Ying Du;Yunfei Chen;F. Richard Yu;
      Pages: 1795 - 1808
      Abstract: Spatial beamforming is an efficient way to realize dual-functional radar-communication (DFRC). In this paper, we study the DFRC design for a general scenario, where the dual-functional base station (BS) simultaneously detects the target as a multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) radar while communicating with multiple multi-antenna communication users (CUs). This necessitates a joint transceiver beamforming design for both MIMO radar and multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) communication. In order to characterize the performance tradeoff between MIMO radar and MU-MIMO communication, we first define the achievable performance region of the DFRC system. Then, both radar-centric and communication-centric optimizations are formulated to achieve the boundary of the performance region. For the radar-centric optimization, successive convex approximation (SCA) method is adopted to solve the non-convex constraint. For the communication-centric optimization, a solution based on weighted mean square error (MSE) criterion is obtained to solve the non-convex objective function. Furthermore, two low-complexity beamforming designs based on CU-selection and zero-forcing are proposed to avoid iteration, and the closed-form expressions of the low-complexity beamforming designs are derived. Simulation results are provided to verify the effectiveness of all proposed designs.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Low Ambiguity Zone: Theoretical Bounds and Doppler-Resilient Sequence
           Design in Integrated Sensing and Communication Systems

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      Authors: Zhifan Ye;Zhengchun Zhou;Pingzhi Fan;Zilong Liu;Xianfu Lei;Xiaohu Tang;
      Pages: 1809 - 1822
      Abstract: In radar sensing and communications, designing Doppler resilient sequences (DRSs) with low ambiguity function for delay over the entire signal duration and Doppler shift over the entire signal bandwidth is an extremely difficult task. However, in practice, the Doppler frequency range is normally much smaller than the bandwidth of the transmitted signal, and it is relatively easy to attain quasi-synchronization for delays far less than the entire signal duration. Motivated by this observation, we propose a new concept called low ambiguity zone (LAZ) which is a small area of the corresponding ambiguity function of interest defined by the certain Doppler frequency and delay. Such an LAZ will reduce to a zero ambiguity zone (ZAZ) if the maximum ambiguity values of interest are zero. In this paper, we derive a set of theoretical bounds on periodic LAZ/ZAZ of unimodular DRSs with and without spectral constraints, which include the existing bounds on periodic global ambiguity function as special cases. These bounds may be used as theoretical design guidelines to measure the optimality of sequences against Doppler effect. We then introduce four optimal constructions of DRSs with respect to the derived ambiguity lower bounds based on some algebraic tools such as characters over finite field and cyclic difference sets.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Waveform Design and Performance Analysis for Full-Duplex Integrated
           Sensing and Communication

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      Authors: Zhiqiang Xiao;Yong Zeng;
      Pages: 1823 - 1837
      Abstract: Integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) is a promising technology to fully utilize the precious spectrum and hardware in wireless systems, which has attracted significant attentions recently. This paper studies ISAC for the important and challenging monostatic setup, where one single ISAC node wishes to simultaneously sense a radar target while communicating with a communication receiver. Different from most existing schemes that rely on either radar-centric half-duplex (HD) pulsed transmission with information embedding that suffers from extremely low communication rate, or communication-centric waveform that suffers from degraded sensing performance, we propose a novel full-duplex (FD) ISAC scheme that utilizes the waiting time of conventional pulsed radars to transmit communication signals. Compared to radar-centric pulsed waveform with information embedding, the proposed design can drastically increase the communication rate, and also mitigate the sensing eclipsing and near-target blind range issues, as long as the self-interference (SI) is effectively suppressed. On the other hand, compared to communication-centric ISAC waveform, the proposed design has better auto-correlation property as it preserves the classic radar waveform for sensing. Performance analysis is developed by taking into account the residual SI, in terms of the probability of detection and ambiguity function for sensing, as well as the spectrum efficiency for communication. Numerical results are provided to show the significant performance gain of our proposed design over benchmark schemes.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Device-Free Sensing in OFDM Cellular Network

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      Authors: Qin Shi;Liang Liu;Shuowen Zhang;Shuguang Cui;
      Pages: 1838 - 1853
      Abstract: This paper considers device-free sensing in an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) cellular network to enable integrated sensing and communication (ISAC). A novel two-phase sensing framework is proposed to localize the passive targets that cannot transmit/receive reference signals to/from the base stations (BSs), where the ranges of the targets are estimated based on their reflected OFDM signals to the BSs in Phase I, and the location of each target is estimated based on its ranges to different BSs in Phase II. Specifically, in Phase I, we design a model-free range estimation approach by leveraging the OFDM channel estimation technique for determining the delay values of all the two-way BS-target-BS paths, which does not rely on any BS-target channel model. In Phase II, we reveal that ghost targets may be falsely detected in some cases as all the targets reflect the same signals to the BSs, which thus do not know how to match each estimated range with the right target. Interestingly, we show that the above data association issue is not a fundamental limitation for device-free sensing: under the ideal case of perfect range estimation in Phase I, the probability for ghost targets to exist is proved to be negligible when the targets are randomly located. Moreover, under the practical case of imperfect range estimation in Phase I, we propose an efficient algorithm for joint data association and target localization in Phase II. Numerical results show that our proposed two-phase framework can achieve very high accuracy in the localization of passive targets, which increases with the system bandwidth.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • A Novel ISAC Transmission Framework Based on Spatially-Spread Orthogonal
           Time Frequency Space Modulation

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      Authors: Shuangyang Li;Weijie Yuan;Chang Liu;Zhiqiang Wei;Jinhong Yuan;Baoming Bai;Derrick Wing Kwan Ng;
      Pages: 1854 - 1872
      Abstract: In this paper, we propose a novel integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) transmission framework based on the spatially spread orthogonal time frequency space (SS-OTFS) modulation by considering the fact that communication channel strengths cannot be directly obtained from radar sensing. We first propose the concept of SS-OTFS modulation, where the key novelty is the angular domain discretization enabled by the spatial spreading/de-spreading. This discretization gives rise to simple and insightful effective models for both radar sensing and communication, which results in simplified designs for the related estimation and detection problems. In particular, we design simple beam tracking, angle estimation, and power allocation schemes for radar sensing, by utilizing the special structure of the effective radar sensing matrix. Meanwhile, we provide a detailed analysis on the pair-wise error probability (PEP) for communication, which unveils the key conditions for both precoding and power allocation designs for communication. Based on those conditions, we design a symbol-wise precoding scheme for communication based only on the delay, Doppler, and angle estimates from radar sensing, without the a priori knowledge of the communication channel fading coefficients, and also propose a suitable power allocation. Furthermore, we notice that radar sensing and communication requires different power allocations. Therefore, we discuss the performances of both the radar sensing and communication with different power allocations and show that the power allocation should be designed leaning towards radar sensing in practical scenarios. The effectiveness of the proposed ISAC transmission framework is verified by our numerical results, which also agree with our analysis and discussions.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Integrating Low-Complexity and Flexible Sensing Into Communication Systems

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      Authors: Kai Wu;J. Andrew Zhang;Xiaojing Huang;Y. Jay Guo;
      Pages: 1873 - 1889
      Abstract: Integrating sensing into standardized communication systems can potentially benefit many consumer applications that require both radio frequency functions. However, without an effective sensing method, such integration may not achieve the expected gains of cost and energy efficiency. Existing sensing methods, which use communication payload signals, either have limited sensing performance or suffer from high complexity. In this paper, we develop a novel and flexible sensing framework which has a complexity only dominated by a Fourier transform and also provides the flexibility in adapting to different sensing needs. We propose to segment a whole block of echo signal evenly into sub-blocks; adjacent ones are allowed to overlap. We design a virtual cyclic prefix (VCP) for each sub-block that allows us to employ two common ways of removing communication data symbols and generate two types of range-Doppler maps (RDMs) for sensing. We perform a comprehensive analysis of the signal components in the RDMs, proving that their interference-plus-noise (IN) terms are approximately Gaussian distributed. The statistical properties of the distributions are derived, which leads to the analytical comparisons between the two RDMs as well as between the prior and our sensing methods. Moreover, the impact of the lengths of sub-block, VCP and overlapping signal on sensing performance is analyzed. Criteria for designing these lengths for better sensing performance are also provided. Extensive simulations validate the superiority of the proposed sensing framework over prior methods in terms of signal-to-IN ratios in RDMs, detecting performance and flexibility.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • QoS-Aware Hybrid Beamforming and DOA Estimation in Multi-Carrier
           Dual-Function Radar-Communication Systems

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      Authors: Ziyang Cheng;Bin Liao;
      Pages: 1890 - 1905
      Abstract: In this paper, the issues of transmit hybrid beamforming (HBF) design and direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation in multi-carrier dual-function radar-communication (DFRC) systems, in consideration of quality-of-service (QoS) for multiple users (MUs), are investigated. In the designed system, communication symbols are embedded into radar pulse interval with multiple orthogonal waveforms, and the HBF is optimized to focus the transmit energy within the spatial sectors of interest by taking the QoS requirement for MUs into account. The problem involving these considerations is formulated as the minimization of mean squared error (MSE) between the achieved spatial spectrum and a desired one, subject to constraints of communication QoS, constant modulus, power and orthogonality. Accordingly, a consensus alternating direction method of multipliers (consensus-ADMM) framework based on weighted mean-square error minimization (WMMSE) is devised to tackle the resultant nonconvex problem. Further, the closed-form solutions of the primal variables are derived. Additionally, the MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC)-based DOA estimation with the designed HBF architecture is presented, and the corresponding Cramér-Rao bound is derived. Numerical simulations are performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed designs.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • MIMO Waveform Design for Dual Functions of Radar and Communication With
           Space-Time Coding

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      Authors: Wenhua Wu;Guojun Han;Yunhe Cao;Yongwei Huang;Tat-Soon Yeo;
      Pages: 1906 - 1917
      Abstract: Sharing a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar, the single platform can achieve dual functions of radar and communication (DFRC) within the same frequency spectrum, via the same transmit waveforms. In this paper, a space-time coding scheme is developed for transmit beamforming of DFRC and embedding communication information, without their cross-interference. For transmit beampattern design of DFRC, the shape approximation and integrated power approximation criteria are adopted respectively for waveforms optimization with the constant-envelope constraints of transmit waveforms and the equivalent signal in the communication direction. Based on the space-time coding scheme, the direct constellation mapping (DCM) and phase-rotation constellation mapping (PRCM) methods are proposed to embed information symbols. It turns out that the proposed space-time coding scheme for information constellation mapping can prevent missing information symbols and have better performance in bit-error rate (BER), compared to the existing information-embedding techniques. Moreover, the scheme can reduce the dependence of the communication data rate on radar pulse repetition frequency (PRF). Simulation results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Joint Waveform and Filter Designs for STAP-SLP-Based MIMO-DFRC Systems

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      Authors: Rang Liu;Ming Li;Qian Liu;A. Lee Swindlehurst;
      Pages: 1918 - 1931
      Abstract: Dual-function radar-communication (DFRC), which can simultaneously perform both radar and communication functionalities using the same hardware platform, spectral resource and transmit waveform, is a promising technique for realizing integrated sensing and communication (ISAC). Space-time adaptive processing (STAP) in multi-antenna radar systems is the primary tool for detecting moving targets in the presence of strong clutter. The idea of joint spatial-temporal optimization in STAP-based radar systems is consistent with the concept of symbol-level precoding (SLP) for multi-input multi-output (MIMO) communications, which optimizes the transmit waveform for each of the transmitted symbols. In this paper, we combine STAP and SLP and propose a novel STAP-SLP-based DFRC system that enjoys the advantages of both techniques. The radar output signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) is maximized by jointly optimizing the transmit waveform and receive filter, while satisfying the communication quality-of-service (QoS) constraint and various waveform constraints including constant-modulus, similarity and peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). An efficient algorithm framework based on majorization-minimization (MM) and nonlinear equality constrained alternative direction method of multipliers (neADMM) methods is proposed to solve these complicated non-convex optimization problems. Simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed STAP-SLP-based MIMO-DRFC scheme and the associate algorithms.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Transmit Design for Joint MIMO Radar and Multiuser Communications With
           Transmit Covariance Constraint

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      Authors: Xiang Liu;Tianyao Huang;Yimin Liu;
      Pages: 1932 - 1950
      Abstract: In this paper, we consider the waveform design of a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmitter which simultaneously functions as a MIMO radar and a base station for downlink multiuser communications. In addition to a power constraint, we require the covariance of the transmit waveform be equal to a given optimal covariance for MIMO radar, to guarantee the radar performance. With this constraint, we formulate and solve the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) balancing problem for multiuser transmit beamforming via convex optimization. Considering that the interference cannot be completely eliminated with this constraint, we introduce dirty paper coding (DPC) to further cancel the interference, and formulate the SINR balancing and sum rate maximization problem in the DPC regime. Although both of the two problems are non-convex, we show that they can be reformulated to convex optimizations via the Lagrange and downlink-uplink duality. In addition, we propose gradient projection based algorithms to solve the equivalent dual problem of SINR balancing, in both transmit beamforming and DPC regimes. The simulation results demonstrate significant performance improvement of DPC over transmit beamforming, and also indicate that the degrees of freedom for the communication transmitter is restricted by the rank of the covariance.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • MIMO OFDM Dual-Function Radar-Communication Under Error Rate and
           Beampattern Constraints

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      Authors: Jeremy Johnston;Luca Venturino;Emanuele Grossi;Marco Lops;Xiaodong Wang;
      Pages: 1951 - 1964
      Abstract: In this work we consider a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) dual-function radar-communication (DFRC) system, which senses multiple spatial directions and serves multiple users. Upon resorting to an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission format and a differential phase shift keying (DPSK) modulation, we study the design of the radiated waveforms and of the receive filters employed by the radar and the users. The approach is communication-centric, in the sense that a radar-oriented objective is optimized under constraints on the average transmit power, the power leakage towards specific directions, and the error rate of each user, thus safeguarding the communication quality of service (QoS). We adopt a unified design approach allowing a broad family of radar objectives, including both estimation- and detection-oriented merit functions. We devise a suboptimal solution based on alternating optimization of the involved variables, a convex restriction of the feasible search set, and minorization-maximization, offering a single algorithm for all of the radar merit functions in the considered family. Finally, the performance is inspected through numerical examples.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • A Precoding Approach for Dual-Functional Radar-Communication System With
           One-Bit DACs

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      Authors: Xiaoyou Yu;Qi Yang;Zhu Xiao;Hongyang Chen;Vincent Havyarimana;Zhu Han;
      Pages: 1965 - 1977
      Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the precoder design for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) dual-functional radar-communication (DFRC) system with one-bit digital-to-analog converters (DACs). In order to form the dual-functional beam-pattern, we formulate the precoding problem as a weighted optimization problem with the constant modulus constraint, which aims at minimizing the average error power and guaranteeing radar waveform similarity. The problem is divided into three sub-problems corresponding to the multiple variables, i.e., the precoding factor, transmit signal matrix, and radar waveform matrix. Due to the discrete and non-convex properties of the optimization problem, we propose a multi-variable alternating minimization (MVAM) framework to achieve the near-optimal solutions. The precoding factor and radar waveform can be solved in closed-forms. For the transmit signal matrix, we devise a binary particle swarm optimization-simulated annealing (BPSO-SA) algorithm to obtain it under the MVAM framework. Extensive simulations validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach under various scenarios, including the case without perfect channel state information. The simulation results show that, compared with existing non-linear precoders, the proposed approach achieves 7dB SNR gain at the bit error rate of 10−4 in the 8-antenna system, and the gain of SNR is 0.2dB in the massive MIMO system with 128 antennas.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • NOMA-Aided Joint Radar and Multicast-Unicast Communication Systems

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      Authors: Xidong Mu;Yuanwei Liu;Li Guo;Jiaru Lin;Lajos Hanzo;
      Pages: 1978 - 1992
      Abstract: The novel concept of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) aided joint radar and multicast-unicast communication (Rad-MU-Com) is investigated. Employing the same spectrum resource, a multi-input-multi-output (MIMO) dual-functional radar-communication (DFRC) base station detects the radar-centric users (R-user), while transmitting mixed multicast-unicast messages both to the R-user and to the communication-centric user (C-user). In particular, the multicast information is intended for both the R- and C-users, whereas the unicast information is only intended for the C-user. More explicitly, NOMA is employed to facilitate this double spectrum sharing, where the multicast and unicast signals are superimposed in the power domain and the superimposed communication signals are also exploited as radar probing waveforms. First, a beamformer-based NOMA-aided joint Rad-MU-Com framework is proposed for the system having a single R-user and a single C-user. Based on this framework, the unicast rate maximization problem is formulated by optimizing the beamformers employed, while satisfying the rate requirement of multicast and the predefined accuracy of the radar beam pattern. The resultant non-convex optimization problem is solved by a penalty-based iterative algorithm to find a high-quality near-optimal solution. Next, the system is extended to the scenario of multiple pairs of R- and C-users, where a cluster-based NOMA-aided joint Rad-MU-Com framework is proposed. A joint beamformer design and power allocation optimization problem is formulated for the maximization of the sum of the unicast rate at each C-user, subject to the constraints on both the minimum multicast rate for each R&C pair and on accuracy of the radar beam pattern for detecting multiple R-users. The resultant joint optimization problem is efficiently solved by another penalty-based iterative algorithm developed. Finally, our numerical results reveal that sign-ficant performance gains can be achieved by the proposed schemes over the benchmark schemes employing conventional transmission strategies.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Wireless Radar Sensor Networks: Epidemiological Modeling and Optimization

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      Authors: Lin Bai;Jiexun Liu;Rui Han;Wei Zhang;
      Pages: 1993 - 2005
      Abstract: To extend the conventional wireless sensor networks (WSNs) to support wider applications such as intruder detection and border security monitoring, active radar sensors are introduced into WSNs to further enhance their capability, thus forming wireless radar sensor networks (WRSNs). To improve the network efficiency, the technology of integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) can be applied to co-design the sensing and communication functionalities of radar sensors. Since the cooperative operations of WRSNs require effective information interaction among radar sensors, data dissemination techniques need to be investigated, which become even more critical in desolate areas without the coverage of the base stations (BSs). Therefore, in this paper, a duty cycling mechanism is applied to the network to enhance the usage of WRSNs and support data dissemination, where a storage node is deployed to store the data spreading from radar sensors and a mobile data collector is employed to collect the data from the storage node periodically. Then, the epidemic theory, as an innovative tool for modeling data dissemination, is adopted to analyze the performance of WRSNs. After epidemiological modeling, the density of radar sensors is optimized by the epidemiological analytical method to maximize the throughput of the storage node by jointly considering the functions of radar detection and communication. Simulation results validate the accuracy of analysis, which also show the efficiency of the optimization for data dissemination.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • TechRxiv: Share Your Preprint Research with the World!

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      Pages: 2006 - 2006
      Abstract: Prospective authors are requested to submit new, unpublished manuscripts for inclusion in the upcoming event described in this call for papers.
      PubDate: June 2022
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2022)
       
 
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