Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2688 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (229 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (237 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (176 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1325 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (452 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (56 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (98 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (115 journals)

ENGINEERING (1325 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted by number of followers
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 223)
IEEE Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 221)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 183)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177)
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151)
IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148)
IEEE Communications Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 140)
IEEE Engineering Management Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 117)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 112)
IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 111)
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 107)
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
IEEE Industry Applications Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Engineering Failure Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
IEEE Microwave Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
IEEE Signal Processing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
IEEE Transactions on Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Potentials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Heat Transfer Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Digital Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Flow, Turbulence and Combustion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Géotechnique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Applied Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Engineering & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
IET Image Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Intermetallics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IEEE Transactions on Electronics Packaging Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IET Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Implementation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Engineering Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Electrophoresis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IET Circuits, Devices & Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Experiments in Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Integration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Engineering Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
European Journal of Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Energy Conversion and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IET Renewable Power Generation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Human Factors in Ergonomics & Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heat Transfer - Asian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Geotechnical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Fuel Cells Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Fuel Cells     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Discrete Optimization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Designs, Codes and Cryptography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Geothermics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Fuel and Energy Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fusion Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Formal Methods in System Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Adaptive Control and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IET Science, Measurement & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Architectural Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Focus on Powder Coatings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Ground Improvement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fluid Phase Equilibria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Graphs and Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Filtration & Separation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Grass and Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Engineering Computations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Focus on Pigments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fuzzy Sets and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Historical Records of Australian Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IET Optoelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Abrasive Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Comptes Rendus : Mécanique     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Latin America Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Focus on Surfactants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Foundations of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Forschung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Épités - Épitészettudomány     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dyes and Pigments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Designed Monomers and Polymers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Catalysts     Full-text available via subscription  
ESAIM: Proceedings     Open Access  
Environmetrics     Hybrid Journal  
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

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Journal Cover
Engineering Computations
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.444
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0264-4401 - ISSN (Online) 1758-7077
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • Anti-vibration control design for TORA based barge-type offshore floating
           wind turbine using extended order high gain observer

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      Authors: Syed Awais Ali Shah , Bingtuan Gao , Ajeet Kumar Bhatia , Chuande Liu , Arshad Rauf
      Abstract: Barge-type offshore floating wind turbine (OFWT) commonly exhibits an under-actuated phenomenon in an offshore environment, which leads to a potential vibration-damping hazard. This article aims to provide a new robust output feedback anti-vibrational control scheme for the novel translational oscillator with rotational actuator (TORA) based five-degrees of freedom (5-DOF) barge-type OFWT in the presence of unwanted disturbances and modeling uncertainties. In this paper, an active control technique called TORA has been used to design a 5-DOF barge-type OFWT model, where the mathematical model of the proposed system is derived by using Euler–Lagrange's equations. The robust hierarchical backstepping integral nonsingular terminal sliding mode control (HBINTSMC) with an adaptive gain is used in conjunction with extended order high gain observer (EHGO) to achieve system stabilization in the presence of unwanted disturbances and modeling uncertainties. The numerical simulations based on MATLAB/SIMULINK have been performed to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed model and control law. The numerical simulation results affirm the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed control law for the TORA based OFWT system. The results demonstrate that the proposed control law is robust against unwanted disturbances and uncertainties. The unknown states are accurately estimated by EHGO which enables the controller to exhibit improved stabilization performance. A new mathematical model of the 5-DOF barge-type OFWT system based on TORA is the major contribution of this research paper. Furthermore, it provides a new adaptive anti-vibration control scheme by incorporating the EHGO for the proposed model.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-02-2021-0125
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Bending of variable thickness rectangular thin plates resting on a
           double-parameter foundation: integral transform solution

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      Authors: Guangming Fu , Yuhang Tuo , Baojiang Sun , Chen Shi , Jian Su
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to propose a generalized integral transform technique (GITT) to investigate the bending behavior of rectangular thin plates with linearly varying thickness resting on a double-parameter foundation. The bending of plates with linearly varying thickness resting on a double-parameter foundation is analyzed by using the GITT for six combinations of clamped, simply-supported and free boundary conditions under linearly varying loads. The governing equation of plate bending is integral transformed in the uniform-thickness direction, resulting in a linear system of ordinary differential equations in the varying thickness direction that is solved by a fourth-order finite difference method. Parametric studies are performed to investigate the effects of boundary conditions, foundation coefficients and geometric parameters of variable thickness plates on the bending behavior. The proposed hybrid analytical-numerical solution is validated against a fourth-order finite difference solution of the original partial differential equation, as well as available results in the literature for some particular cases. The results show that the foundation coefficients and the aspect ratio b/a (width in the y direction to height of plate in the x direction) have significant effects on the deflection of rectangular plates. The present GITT method can be applied for bending problems of rectangular thin plates with arbitrary thickness variation along one direction under different combinations of loading and boundary conditions.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-11-2021-0692
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • An adaptive polynomial dimensional decomposition method and its
           application in reliability analysis

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      Authors: Xiangqian Sheng , Wenliang Fan , Qingbin Zhang , Zhengling Li
      Abstract: The polynomial dimensional decomposition (PDD) method is a popular tool to establish a surrogate model in several scientific areas and engineering disciplines. The selection of appropriate truncated polynomials is the main topic in the PDD. In this paper, an easy-to-implement adaptive PDD method with a better balance between precision and efficiency is proposed. First, the original random variables are transformed into corresponding independent reference variables according to the statistical information of variables. Second, the performance function is decomposed as a summation of component functions that can be approximated through a series of orthogonal polynomials. Third, the truncated maximum order of the orthogonal polynomial functions is determined through the nonlinear judgment method. The corresponding expansion coefficients are calculated through the point estimation method. Subsequently, the performance function is reconstructed through appropriate orthogonal polynomials and known expansion coefficients. Several examples are investigated to illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method compared with the other methods in reliability analysis. The number of unknown coefficients is significantly reduced, and the computational burden for reliability analysis is eased accordingly. The coefficient evaluation for the multivariate component function is decoupled with the order judgment of the variable. The proposed method achieves a good trade-off of efficiency and accuracy for reliability analysis.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-10-2021-0563
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Numerical solution for high-order ordinary differential equations using
           H-ELM algorithm

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      Authors: Yanfei Lu , Futian Weng , Hongli Sun
      Abstract: This paper aims to introduce a novel algorithm to solve initial/boundary value problems of high-order ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and high-order system of ordinary differential equations (SODEs). The proposed method is based on Hermite polynomials and extreme learning machine (ELM) algorithm. The Hermite polynomials are chosen as basis function of hidden neurons. The approximate solution and its derivatives are expressed by utilizing Hermite network. The model function is designed to automatically meet the initial or boundary conditions. The network parameters are obtained by solving a system of linear equations using the ELM algorithm. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, a variety of differential equations are selected and their numerical solutions are obtained by utilizing the Hermite extreme learning machine (H-ELM) algorithm. Experiments on the common and random data sets indicate that the H-ELM model achieves much higher accuracy, lower complexity but stronger generalization ability than existed methods. The proposed H-ELM algorithm could be a good tool to solve higher order linear ODEs and higher order linear SODEs. The H-ELM algorithm is developed for solving higher order linear ODEs and higher order linear SODEs; this method has higher numerical accuracy and stronger superiority compared with other existing methods.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-11-2021-0683
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A modified trust-region assisted variable-fidelity optimization framework
           for computationally expensive problems

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      Authors: Chengshan Li , Huachao Dong
      Abstract: Variable-fidelity optimization (VFO) frameworks generally aim at taking full advantage of high-fidelity (HF) and low-fidelity (LF) models to solve computationally expensive problems. The purpose of this paper is to develop a novel modified trust-region assisted variable-fidelity optimization (MTR-VFO) framework that can improve the optimization efficiency for computationally expensive engineering design problems. Though the LF model is rough and inaccurate, it probably contains the gradient information and trend of the computationally expensive HF model. In the proposed framework, the extreme locations of the LF kriging model are firstly utilized to enhance the HF kriging model, and then a modified trust-region (MTR) method is presented for efficient local search. The proposed MTR-VFO framework is verified through comparison with three typical methods on some benchmark problems, and it is also applied to optimize the configuration of underwater tandem wings. The results indicate that the proposed MTR-VFO framework is more effective than some existing typical methods and it has the potential of solving computationally expensive problems more efficiently. The extreme locations of LF models are utilized to improve the accuracy of HF models and a MTR method is first proposed for local search without utilizing HF gradient. Besides, a novel MTR-VFO framework is presented which is verified to be more effective than some existing typical methods and shows great potential of solving computationally expensive problems effectively.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-08-2021-0456
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Existence and uniqueness of solutions for generalized Sturm–Liouville
           and Langevin equations via Caputo–Hadamard fractional-order operator

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      Authors: Iqbal M. Batiha , Adel Ouannas , Ramzi Albadarneh , Abeer A. Al-Nana , Shaher Momani
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the existence and uniqueness of solution for generalized Sturm–Liouville and Langevin equations formulated using Caputo–Hadamard fractional derivative operator in accordance with three nonlocal Hadamard fractional integral boundary conditions. With regard to this nonlinear boundary value problem, three popular fixed point theorems, namely, Krasnoselskii’s theorem, Leray–Schauder’s theorem and Banach contraction principle, are employed to theoretically prove and guarantee three novel theorems. The main outcomes of this work are verified and confirmed via several numerical examples. In order to accomplish our purpose, three fixed point theorems are applied to the problem under consideration according to some conditions that have been established to this end. These theorems are Krasnoselskii's theorem, Leray Schauder's theorem and Banach contraction principle. In accordance to the applied fixed point theorems on our main problem, three corresponding theoretical results are stated, proved, and then verified via several numerical examples. The existence and uniqueness of solution for generalized Sturm–Liouville and Langevin equations formulated using Caputo–Hadamard fractional derivative operator in accordance with three nonlocal Hadamard fractional integral boundary conditions are studied. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this work is original and has not been published elsewhere.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-07-2021-0393
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Synergetic energy-conscious scheduling optimization of part feeding
           systems via a novel chaotic reference-guided policy

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      Authors: Binghai Zhou , Qi Yi , Xiujuan Li , Yutong Zhu
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate a multi-objective electric vehicle’s (EV’s) synergetic scheduling problem in the automotive industry, where a synergetic delivery mechanism to coordinate multiple EVs is proposed to fulfill part feeding tasks. A chaotic reference-guided multi-objective evolutionary algorithm based on self-adaptive local search (CRMSL) is constructed to deal with the problem. The proposed CRMSL benefits from the combination of reference vectors guided evolutionary algorithm (RVEA) and chaotic search. A novel directional rank sorting procedure and a self-adaptive energy-efficient local search strategy are then incorporated into the framework of the CRMSL to obtain satisfactory computational performance. The involvement of the chaotic search and self-adaptive energy-efficient local search strategy contributes to obtaining a stronger global and local search capability. The computational results demonstrate that the CRMSL achieves better performance than the other two well-known benchmark algorithms in terms of four performance metrics, which is inspiring for future researches on energy-efficient co-scheduling topics in manufacturing industries. This research fully considers the cooperation and coordination of handling devices to reduce energy consumption, and an improved multi-objective evolutionary algorithm is creatively applied to solve the proposed engineering problem.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-06-2021-0337
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Multi-material topology optimization considering natural frequency
           constraint

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      Authors: Vishrut Shah , Manish Pamwar , Balbir Sangha , Il Yong Kim
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to propose an effective and efficient numerical method that can consider natural frequency in multi-material topology optimization (MMTO) and which is scalable for complex three-dimensional (3D) problems. The optimization algorithm is developed by combining custom FORTRAN code for MMTO with the open-source software Mystran, which is used as a finite element analysis (FEA) solver. The proposed algorithm allows the designer to shift the fundamental frequency of the design beyond a defined frequency spectrum from the initial designing phase. The methodology is formulated in a smooth and differentiable manner, with the sensitivity expressions, required by gradient-based optimization solvers, presented. Natural frequency constraint has been successfully implemented into MMTO. The use of open-source software Mystran as an FEA solver in the algorithm provides ability to solve complex problems. Mystran offers powerful built-in functions for eigenvalue extraction using methods like Givens, modified Givens, inverse power and the Lanczos method, which provide the ability to solve complex models. The algorithm is successfully able to solve both two- and three-material MMTO jobs for two-dimensional and 3D geometries. Natural frequency constraint consideration into topology optimization is very challenging due to three common issues: localized eigenmodes, mode switching and high computational cost. The proposed algorithm addresses these inherent issues, implements natural frequency constraint to MMTO and solves for complex models, which is hardly possible using conventional methods.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-07-2021-0421
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Bi-objective green in-house transportation scheduling and fleet size
           determination in mixed-model assembly lines with mobile robots

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      Authors: Binghai Zhou , Jihua Zhang , Qianran Fei
      Abstract: Facing the challenge of increasing energy cost and requirement of reducing the emissions, identifying the potential factors of them in the manufacturing factories is an important prerequisite to control energy consumption. This paper aims to present a bi-objective green in-house transportation scheduling and fleet size determination problem (BOGIHTS&FSDP) in automobile assembly line to schedule the material delivery tasks, which jointly take the energy consumption into consideration as well. This research proposes an optimal method for material handling in automobile assembly line. To solve the problem, several properties and definitions are proposed to solve the model more efficiently. Because of the non-deterministic polynomial-time-hard nature of the proposed problem, a Multi-objective Discrete Differential Evolution Algorithm with Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS-MDDE) is developed to solve the multi-objective problem. The performances of VNS-MDDE are evaluated in simulation and the results indicate that the proposed algorithm is effective and efficient in solving BOGIHTS&FSDP problem. This study is the first to take advantage of the robot's interactive functions for part supply in automobile assembly lines, which is both the challenge and trend of future intelligent logistics under the pressure of energy and resource. To solve the problem, a VNS-MDDE is developed to solve the multi-objective problem.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-15
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-08-2021-0483
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A coupled implicit material point-finite element method for modeling
           reinforced materials

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      Authors: Ahmad Chihadeh , Michael Kaliske
      Abstract: This paper aims to introduce a method to couple truss finite elements to the material point method (MPM). It presents modeling reinforced material using MPM and describes how to consider the bond behavior between the reinforcement and the continuum. The embedded approach is used for coupling reinforcement bars with continuum elements. This description is achieved by coupling continuum elements in the background mesh to the reinforcement bars, which are described using truss- finite elements. The coupling is implemented between the truss elements and the continuum elements in the background mesh through bond elements that allow for freely distributed truss elements independent of the continuum element discretization. The bond elements allow for modeling the bond behavior between the reinforcement and the continuum. The paper introduces a novel method to include the reinforcement bars in the MPM applications. The reinforcement bars can be modeled without any constraints with a bond-slip constitutive model being considered. As modeling of reinforced materials is required in a wide range of applications, a method to include the reinforcement into the MPM framework is required. The proposed approach allows for modeling reinforced material within MPM applications.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-14
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-10-2021-0623
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A dynamic adaptive hybrid surrogate-assisted particle swarm optimization
           algorithm for complex system design optimization

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      Authors: Xiongxiong You , Mengya Zhang , Zhanwen Niu
      Abstract: Surrogate-assisted evolutionary algorithms (SAEAs) are the most popular algorithms used to solve design optimization problems of expensive and complex engineering systems. However, it is difficult for fixed surrogate models to maintain their accuracy and efficiency in the face of different issues. Therefore, the selection of an appropriate surrogate model remains a significant challenge. This paper aims to propose a dynamic adaptive hybrid surrogate-assisted particle swarm optimization algorithm (AHSM-PSO) to address this issue. A dynamic adaptive hybrid selection method (AHSM) is proposed. This method can identify multiple ensemble models formed by integrating different numbers of excellent individual surrogate models. Then, according to the minimum root-mean-square error, the best suitable surrogate model is dynamically selected in each generation and is used to assist PSO. Experimental studies on commonly used benchmark problems, and two real-world design optimization problems demonstrate that, compared with existing algorithms, the proposed algorithm achieves better performance. The main contribution of this work is the proposal of a dynamic adaptive hybrid selection method (AHSM). This method uses the advantages of different surrogate models and eliminates the shortcomings of experience selection. Furthermore, the empirical results of the comparison of the proposed algorithm (AHSM-PSO) with existing algorithms on commonly used benchmark problems, and two real-world design optimization problems demonstrate its competitiveness.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-13
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-10-2021-0567
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Predicting the creep behavior of concrete at high temperature using the
           variable-order fractional model

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      Authors: Ruifan Meng
      Abstract: Creep behavior of concrete at high temperature has become a major concern in building structures, such as factories, bridges, tunnels, airports and nuclear buildings. Therefore, a simple and accurate prediction model for the high-temperature creep behavior of concrete is crucial in engineering applications. In this paper, the variable-order fractional operator is introduced to capture the high-temperature creep behavior of concrete. By assuming that the variable-order function is a linear function with time, the proposed model benefits from the advantages of both formal simplicity and the physical significance for macroscopic intermediate materials. The effectiveness of the model is demonstrated by data fitting with existing experimental results of high-temperature creep of two representative concretes. The results show that the proposed model fits well with the experimental data, and the value of order is increasing with the increase of the applied stress levels, which meets the fact that higher stress can accelerate the rate of creep. Furthermore, the relationship between the model parameters and loading conditions is deeply analyzed. It is found that the material coefficients are constant at a constant temperature, while the order function parameters are determined by the applied stress levels. Finally, the variable-order fractional model can be further written into a general equation of time and applied stress. This paper provides a simple and practical variable-order fractional model for predicting the creep behavior of concrete at high temperature.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-12
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-09-2021-0524
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A CAE-oriented mesh hole-filling algorithm focusing on geometry and
           quality

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      Authors: Yongqing Hai , Yufei Guo , Mo Dong
      Abstract: Integrality of surface mesh is requisite for computational engineering. Nonwatertight meshes with holes can bring inconvenience to applications. Unlike simple modeling or visualization, the downstream industrial application scenarios put forward higher requirements for hole-filling, although many related algorithms have been developed. This study aims at the hole-filling issue in industrial application scenarios. This algorithm overcomes some inherent weakness of general methods and generates a high-level resulting mesh. Initially, the primitive hole boundary is filled with a more appropriate triangulation which introduces fewer geometric errors. And in order for better performances on shape approximation of the background mesh, the algorithm also refines the initial triangulation with topology optimization. When obtaining the background mesh defining the geometry and size field, spheres on it are packed to determine the vertex configuration and then the resulting high-level mesh is generated. Through emphasizing geometry recovery and mesh quality, the proposed algorithm works well in hole-filling in industrial application scenarios. Many experimental results demonstrate the reliability and the performance of the algorithm. And the processed meshes are capable of being used for industrial simulation computations directly. This paper makes input meshes more adaptable for solving programs through local modifications on meshes and perfects the preprocessing technology of finite element analysis (FEA).
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-07-2021-0411
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A practical discrete sizing optimization methodology for the design of
           high-rise concrete buildings

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      Authors: Haopeng Lou , Zhibin Xiao , Yinyuan Wan , Fengling Jin , Boqing Gao , Chao Li
      Abstract: In this article, a practical design methodology is proposed for discrete sizing optimization of high-rise concrete buildings with a focus on large-scale and real-life structures. This framework relies on a computationally efficient approximation of the constraint and objective functions using a radial basis function model with a linear tail, also called the combined response surface methodology (RSM) in this article. Considering both the code-stipulated constraints and other construction requirements, three sub-optimization problems were constructed based on the relaxation model of the original problem, and then the structural weight could be automatically minimized under multiple constraints and loading scenarios. After modulization, the obtained results could meet the discretization requirements. By integrating the commercially available ETABS, a dedicated optimization software program with an independent interface was developed and details for practical software development were also presented in this paper. The proposed framework was used to optimize different high-rise concrete buildings, and case studies showed that material usage could be saved by up to 12.8% compared to the conventional design, and the over-limit constraints could be adjusted, which proved the feasibility and effectiveness. This methodology can therefore be applied by engineers to explore the optimal distribution of dimensions for high-rise buildings and to reduce material usage for a more sustainable design.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-08-2021-0473
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Free vibration analysis of fiber-metal laminated composite plates using
           differential, generalized and harmonic quadrature methods: experimental
           and numerical studies

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      Authors: Sinan Maraş , Mustafa Yaman
      Abstract: This study aims to demonstrate the numerical application of differential quadrature (DQ) methods and show the experimental application of free vibration analysis of fiber-metal laminated composite (FML) plates with various boundary conditions. The FMLs are hybrid structures consisting of fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites such as carbon, glass, aramid and different metal sheets, and are currently widely used in the automobile, aircraft and aerospace industries. Thus, free vibration analysis of these hybrid materials is necessary for the design process. The governing equations of motion are derived based on the classical plate theory. The DQ, generalized DQ (GDQ) and harmonic DQ (HDQ) differential quadrature methods have been used to solve the governing equations of an FML composite plate numerically. The accuracy and convergence of the numerical model have been verified by comparing the results available in the published literature with the results obtained from these methods. Moreover, an experimental procedure has been performed in order to compare the results against those of the numerical methods. It is noteworthy that a high degree of similarity and accuracy was observed between the numerical results obtained by the DQ methods and the experimental results. Thus, the present study validates the applicability of the DQ methods for designing the FML composite plates. In this study, the advantages of the DQ methods have been demonstrated differently from previous studies on the vibration analysis of the FML plates.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-08-2021-0490
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • How opening windows and other measures decrease virus concentration in a
           moving car

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      Authors: Shuai Shu , Thomas Elliot Mitchell , Megan Rhian Rosemary Wiggins , Sizeng You , Hywel Thomas , Chenfeng Li
      Abstract: Due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, ventilation in a small cabin where social distancing cannot be guaranteed is extremely important. This study aims to find out the best configuration of open and closed windows in a moving car at varying speeds to improve the ventilation efficiency. The effectiveness of other mitigation measures including face masks, taxi screens and air conditioning (AC) systems are also evaluated. Each window is given three opening levels: fully open, half open and fully closed. For a car with four windows, this yields 81 different configurations. The location of virus source is also considered, either emitting from the driver or from the rear seat passenger. Then three different travelling speeds, 5 m/s, 10 m/s and 15 m/s, are examined for the window opening/closing configurations that provide the best ventilation effect. A study into the effectiveness of face masks is realised by adjusting virus injection amounts; and the simulation of taxi screens and AC system simply requires a small modification to the car model. The numerical studies identify the top window opening/closing configurations that provide the most efficient ventilation at different moving speeds, along with a comprehensive ranking list. The results show that fully opening all windows is not always the best choice. Simulations evaluating other mitigation measures confirm good effect of face masks and poor performance of taxi screens and AC systems. This work is the first large-scale numerical simulation and parametric study about different window opening/closing configurations of a moving car. The results provide useful guides for travellers in shared cars to mitigate Covid-19 transmission risks. The findings are helpful to both individuals' health and society's recovery in the Covid-19 era and they also provide useful information to protect people from other respiratory infectious diseases such as influenza.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-05
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-11-2021-0666
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Multi-objective optimization of cycle time and energy consumption in
           parallel robotic assembly lines using a discrete firefly algorithm

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      Authors: Halenur Soysal-Kurt , Selçuk Kürşat İşleyen
      Abstract: Assembly lines are one of the places where energy consumption is intensive in manufacturing enterprises. The use of robots in assembly lines not only increases productivity but also increases energy consumption and carbon emissions. The purpose of this paper is to minimize the cycle time and total energy consumption simultaneously in parallel robotic assembly lines (PRAL). Due to the NP-hardness of the problem, A Pareto hybrid discrete firefly algorithm based on probability attraction (PHDFA-PA) is developed. The algorithm parameters are optimized using the Taguchi method. To evaluate the results of the algorithm, a multi-objective programming model and a restarted simulated annealing (RSA) algorithm are used. According to the comparative study, the PHDFA-PA has a competitive performance with the RSA. Thus, it is possible to achieve a sustainable PRAL through the proposed method by addressing the cycle time and total energy consumption simultaneously. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the first study addressing energy consumption in PRAL. The proposed method for PRAL is efficient in solving the multi-objective balancing problem.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-04
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-12-2020-0747
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A linear smoothed meshfree method with intrinsic enrichment functions for
           2D crack analysis

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      Authors: Can Ban , Na Na Pu , Yi Fei Zhang , Ma Wentao
      Abstract: This article aims to develop an accurate and efficient meshfree Galerkin method based on the strain smoothing technique for linear elastic continuous and fracture problems. This paper proposed a generalized linear smoothed meshfree method (LSMM), in which the compatible strain is reconstructed by the linear smoothed strains. Based on the idea of the weighted residual method and employing three linearly independent weight functions, the linear smoothed strains can be created easily in a smoothing domain. Using various types of basic functions, LSMM can solve the linear elastic continuous and fracture problems in a unified way. On the one hand, the LSMM inherits the properties of high efficiency and stability from the stabilized conforming nodal integration (SCNI). On the other hand, the LSMM is more accurate than the SCNI, because it can produce continuous strains instead of the piece-wise strains obtained by SCNI. Those excellent performances ensure that the LSMM has the capability to precisely track the crack propagation problems. Several numerical examples are investigated to verify the accurate, convergence rate and robustness of the present LSMM. This study provides an accurate and efficient meshfree method for simulating crack growth.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-02-2021-0072
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • DRN-GAN: an integrated deep learning-based health degradation assessment
           model for naval propulsion system

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      Authors: Jingtong Gao , Shaopeng Dong , Jin Cui , Mei Yuan , Juanru Zhao
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to propose a new deep learning-based model to carry out better maintenance for naval propulsion system. This model is constructed by integrating different deep learning algorithms. The basic idea is to change the connection structure of the deep neural network by introducing a residual module, to limit the prediction output to a reasonable range. Then, connect the Deep Residual Network (DRN) with a Generative Adversarial Network (GAN), which helps achieve data expansion during the training process to improve the accuracy of the assessment model. Study results show that the proposed model achieves a better prediction effect on the dataset. The average performance and accuracy of the proposed model outperform the traditional models and the basic deep learning models tested in the paper. The proposed model proved to be better performed naval propulsion system maintenance than the traditional models and the basic deep learning models. Therefore, our model may provide better maintenance advice for the naval propulsion system and will lead to a more reliable environment for offshore operations.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-10-2021-0624
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The effect of ply drop-off on tensile strength of thermoplastic carbon
           fiber composite: a numerical and experimental study

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      Authors: Daouda Kane , Guilherme Gomes , Vanessa Macanhan , Antonio Ancelotti Jr
      Abstract: In laminate composite structure design, it is common to deal with the need of varying thickness to reach project requirement or improve performance. This change of thickness can be achieved by terminating or adding plies at different locations over the laminate. Unfortunately, the inherent weakness of this construction is the presence of material and geometric discontinuities at the ply drop region that induce premature interlaminar failure at interfaces between dropped and continuous plies. In this work, tensile strength tests were performed on tapered laminates with internal ply drop-off using digital image correlation (DIC) technique. The laminate based on a new thermoplastic ELIUM® 150 reinforced by a plain weave carbon fabric was manufactured via VARTM. Stress, strain, displacement and tensile strength were analyzed. A 3D finite element analysis (FEA) and design of experiments (DOEs) were carried out for the analysis of effect of position and angle orientation of dropped plies near the thinner section of the tapered laminate. Tsai Wu's criterion was implemented to predict initiation of first ply failure. Numerical and experimental results showed that position and angle orientation of ply drop-off near the thinner thickness influence tensile strength of tapered laminate. Tensile static strength increases 12% when drop-off near the midplane is oriented at ±45° instead of 0°. Results showed a trend of improvement in the tensile strength when drop-off is positioned over midplane of the laminate composite. Results obtained through the DOEs were able to adjust the metamodel according to a linear model with great efficiency. They show the significant relevance of the manufacturing variables and the interaction between the factors. The present work aims to evaluate the effect of ply drop-off on the strength of carbon fiber thermoplastic composite laminates with internal drop-off under tensile load and propose a design guideline about angle orientation and position of dropped plies closer to the thinner section of the laminate.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-07-2021-0383
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Novel computational mathematical algorithms for structural optimization
           using graph-theoretical methods

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      Authors: Farzad Shafiei Dizaji , Mehrdad Shafiei Dizaji
      Abstract: The purpose is to reduce round-off errors in numerical simulations. In the numerical simulation, different kinds of errors may be created during analysis. Round-off error is one of the sources of errors. In numerical analysis, sometimes handling numerical errors is challenging. However, by applying appropriate algorithms, these errors are manageable and can be reduced. In this study, five novel topological algorithms were proposed in setting up a structural flexibility matrix, and five different examples were used in applying the proposed algorithms. In doing so round-off errors were reduced remarkably. Five new algorithms were proposed in order to optimize the conditioning of structural matrices. Along with decreasing the size and duration of analyses, minimizing analytical errors is a critical factor in the optimal computer analysis of skeletal structures. Appropriate matrices with a greater number of zeros (sparse), a well structure and a well condition are advantageous for this objective. As a result, a problem of optimization with various goals will be addressed. This study seeks to minimize analytical errors such as rounding errors in skeletal structural flexibility matrixes via the use of more consistent and appropriate mathematical methods. These errors become more pronounced in particular designs with ill-suited flexibility matrixes; structures with varying stiffness are a frequent example of this. Due to the usage of weak elements, the flexibility matrix has a large number of non-diagonal terms, resulting in analytical errors. In numerical analysis, the ill-condition of a matrix may be resolved by moving or substituting rows; this study examined the definition and execution of these modifications prior to creating the flexibility matrix. Simple topological and algebraic features have been mostly utilized in this study to find fundamental cycle bases with particular characteristics. In conclusion, appropriately conditioned flexibility matrices are obtained, and analytical errors are reduced accordingly. (1) Five new algorithms were proposed in order to optimize the conditioning of structural flexibility matrices. (2) A JAVA programming language was written for all five algorithms and a friendly GUI software tool is developed to visualize sub-optimal cycle bases. (3) Topological and algebraic features of the structures were utilized in this study. This is a multi-objective optimization problem which means that sparsity and well conditioning of a matrix cannot be optimized simultaneously. In conclusion, well-conditioned flexibility matrices are obtained, and analytical errors are reduced accordingly. Engineers always finding mathematical modeling of real-world problems and make them as simple as possible. In doing so, lots of errors will be created and these errors could cause the mathematical models useless. Applying decent algorithms could make the mathematical model as precise as possible. Errors in numerical simulations should reduce due to the fact that they are toxic for real-world applications and problems. This is an original research. This paper proposes five novel topological mathematical algorithms in order to optimize the structural flexibility matrix.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-09-2021-0547
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • 3D large strain hierarchical multiscale analysis of soft fiber-reinforced
           tissues: application to a degraded arterial wall

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      Authors: Saeed Hatefi Ardakani , Peyman Fatemi Dehaghani , Hesam Moslemzadeh , Soheil Mohammadi
      Abstract: The purpose is to analyze the mechanical behavior of the arterial wall in the degraded region of the arterial wall and to determine the stress distribution, as an important factor for predicting the potential failure mechanisms in the wall. In fact, while the collagen fiber degradation process itself is not modeled, zones with reduced collagen fiber content (corresponding to the degradation process) are assumed. To do so, a local weakness in the media layer is considered by defining representative volume elements (RVEs) with different fiber collagen contents in the degraded area to investigate the mechanical response of the arterial wall. A three-dimensional (3D) large strain hierarchical multiscale technique, based on the homogenization and genetic algorithm (GA), is utilized to numerically model collagen fiber degradation in a typical artery. Determination of material constants for the ground matrix and collagen fibers in the microscale level is performed by the GA. In order to investigate the mechanical degradation, two types of RVEs with different collagen contents in fibers are considered. Each RVE is divided into two parts of noncollagenous matrix and collagen fiber, and the part of collagen fiber is further divided into matrix and collagen fibrils. The von Mises stress distributions on the inner and outer surfaces of the artery and the influence of collagen fiber degradation on thinning of the arterial wall in the degraded area are thoroughly studied. Comparing the maximum stress values on outer and inner surfaces in the degraded region shows that the inner surface is under higher stress states, which makes it more prone to failure. Furthermore, due to the weakness of the artery in the degraded area, it is concluded that the collagen fiber degradation considerably reduces the wall thickness in the degraded area, leading to an observable local inflation across the degraded artery. Considering that little attention has been paid to multiscale numerical modeling of collagen fiber degradation, in this paper a 3D large strain hierarchical multiscale technique based on homogenization and GA methods is presented. Therefore, while the collagen fiber degradation process itself is not modeled in this study, zones with reduced collagen fiber content (corresponding to the degradation process) are assumed.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-05-2021-0289
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Simplification and further optimization of spatial cable-truss structure
           without inner ring cables

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      Authors: Jian Lu , Suduo Xue , Renjie Liu , Xiongyan Li
      Abstract: In order to optimize SCSWIRC, the simplification and further optimization method is proposed. SCSWIRC's optimization includes two levels. The first level refers to simplifying structural system from the perspective of components; the second level refers to optimizing components' sectional areas from the perspective of mechanics. The first level aims to remove redundant components, and the second level aims to reduce structural self-weight based on the first level. The purpose of the paper is to simplify SCSWIRC's structural system and optimize structural self-weight and reduce construction forming difficulty. Grid-jumping layout and multi-objective optimization method is used to simplify and further optimize Spatial cable-truss structure without inner ring cables (SCSWIRC). Grid-jumping layout is used to simplify remove redundant components, and multi-objective optimization method is used to reduce structural self-weight. The detailed solving process is given based on grid-jumping layout and multi-objective optimization method. Take SCSWIRC with a span of 100m as an example to verify the feasibility and correctness of the simplification and further optimization method. The optimization results show that 12 redundant components are removed and the self-weight reduces by 3.128t from original scheme to grid-jumping layout scheme 1. The self-weight reduces from 36.007t to 28.231t and feasible coefficient decreases from 1.0 to 0.627 from grid-jumping layout scheme 1 to multi-objective optimization scheme. The simplification and further optimization can not only remove the redundant components and simplify structural system to reduce construction forming difficulty, but also optimize structural self-weight under considering structural stiffness to reduce project costs. The proposed method firstly simplifies SCSWIRC and then optimizes the simplified SCSWIRC, which can solve the optimization problem from the perspective of components and mechanics. Meanwhile, the optimal section solving method can be used to obtain circular steel tube size with the optimal stiffness of the same areas. The proposed method successfully solves the problem of construction forming and project cost, which promotes the application of SCSWIRC in practical engineering.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-06-2021-0319
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Thin Plates Spline Based Differential Quadrature for numerical solution of
           groundwater flow

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      Authors: Abdol Mahdi Behroozi , Mohammad Vaghefi
      Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is presenting Thin Plates Spline-based Differential Quadrature (TPS-DQM) as a meshless numerical method to solve the steady and transient groundwater equation in complex geometry. The computational nodes are randomly distributed in domain, and the governing equations of groundwater flow are solved, relying on the capability of present model for solving the partial differential equations (PDEs) in irregular domains. To show the accuracy of the proposed model, several seepage problems in both homogenous and non-homogenous soils are solved, and the results are compared with those existing analytical solution and well-known finite element-based software SEEP/W. The results indicate that the present meshless method is capable of simulating steady-state and unsteady seepage problems, especially in complex geometry and it provides sufficient accuracy and reliability, despite the low computational effort and no need for additional parameters like shape factor. The main advantage of the method is its meshless characteristic, which does not require structured grid generation and able to solve governing equation in arbitrary geometry.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-06-2021-0331
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A new multi-fidelity surrogate modelling method for engineering design
           based on neural network and transfer learning

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      Authors: Mushi Li , Zhao Liu , Li Huang , Ping Zhu
      Abstract: Compared with the low-fidelity model, the high-fidelity model has both the advantage of high accuracy, and the disadvantage of low efficiency and high cost. A series of multi-fidelity surrogate modelling method were developed to give full play to the respective advantages of both low-fidelity and high-fidelity models. However, most multi-fidelity surrogate modelling methods are sensitive to the amount of high-fidelity data. The purpose of this paper is to propose a multi fidelity surrogate modelling method whose accuracy is less dependent on the amount of high-fidelity data. A multi-fidelity surrogate modelling method based on neural networks was proposed in this paper, which utilizes transfer learning ideas to explore the correlation between different fidelity datasets. A low-fidelity neural network was built by using a sufficient amount of low-fidelity data, which was then finetuned by a very small amount of HF data to obtain a multi-fidelity neural network based on this correlation. Numerical examples were used in this paper, which proved the validity of the proposed method, and the influence of neural network hyper-parameters on the prediction accuracy of the multi-fidelity model was discussed. Through the comparison with existing methods, case study shows that when the number of high-fidelity sample points is very small, the R-square of the proposed model exceeds the existing model by more than 0.3, which shows that the proposed method can be applied to reducing the cost of complex engineering design problems.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-06-2021-0353
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • An optimal derivative-free King's family for multiple zeros and its
           dynamics

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      Authors: Litika Rani , Munish Kansal
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to develop and analyze a new derivative-free class of higher-order iterative methods for locating multiple roots numerically. The scheme is generated by using King-type iterative methods. By employing the Traub-Steffensen technique, the proposed class is designed into the derivative-free family. The proposed class requires three functional evaluations at each stage of computation to attain fourth-order convergency. Moreover, it can be observed that the theoretical convergency results of family are symmetrical for particular cases of multiplicity of zeros. This further motivates the authors to present the result in general, which confirms the convergency order of the methods. It is also worth mentioning that the authors can obtain already existing methods as particular cases of the family for some suitable choice of free disposable parameters. Finally, the authors include a wide variety of benchmark problems like van der Waals's equation, Planck's radiation law and clustered root problem. The numerical comparisons are included with several existing algorithms to confirm the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed methods. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed scheme performs better than the existing methods in terms of CPU timing and absolute residual errors.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-08-2021-0449
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Vibrations of complex composite double-column system by extended Laplace
           transform method

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      Authors: X.Z. Zhao , Peter Chang
      Abstract: Double-beam/column systems have drawn much attention in many engineering fields. This work aims to present the free and forced vibrations of a novel and complex double-column system with concentrated masses, axial loads and discrete viscoelastic supports subjected to the excitation of ground acceleration are solved by the extended Laplace transform method (ELTM). In this work, the authors proposed an extended Laplace transform method (ELTM), which is an exact and explicit analytical method. Firstly, the mathematical model simulating the vibrations of the double-column system is reformulated with Dirac's delta function. Secondly, the exact and explicit mode shape solutions are obtained, based on which the natural frequencies and dynamic responses are obtained. An illustrating example is presented to show the validity of the proposed method. A parametric study is carried out to investigate the influences of the non-dimensional column stiffness ratio and the support stiffness ratio on the peak dynamic displacement and velocity. It is shown that the proposed method can give exact and explicit solutions of the mode shapes and natural frequencies. It is found that the asynchronous vibrations of the proposed double-column systems can be implemented to efficiently dissipate seismic energy, as shown in the time-histories of displacement and velocity. This research systematically studied the free and forced vibrations of the complex double-column system. The proposed extended ELTM is a general method. Its application to studying the energy dissipation capability implicates that the double-column system can be utilized to reduce responses in structures under earthquake attacks. The proposed extended ELTM is original and powerful. Its application to study the complex double-columns system with discrete supports, concentrated masses and axial loads is novel.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-25
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-06-2021-0362
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Uncertainty quantification for correlated variables combining p-box with
           copula upon limited observed data

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      Authors: Zhanpeng Shen , Chaoping Zang , Xueqian Chen , Shaoquan Hu , Xin-en Liu
      Abstract: For fast calculation of complex structure in engineering, correlations among input variables are often ignored in uncertainty propagation, even though the effect of ignoring these correlations on the output uncertainty is unclear. This paper aims to quantify the inputs uncertainty and estimate the correlations among them acorrding to the collected observed data instead of questionable assumptions. Moreover, the small size of the experimental data should also be considered, as it is such a common engineering problem. In this paper, a novel method of combining p-box with copula function for both uncertainty quantification and correlation estimation is explored. Copula function is utilized to estimate correlations among uncertain inputs based upon the observed data. The p-box method is employed to quantify the input uncertainty as well as the epistemic uncertainty associated with the limited amount of the observed data. Nested Monte Carlo sampling technique is adopted herein to ensure that the propagation is always feasible. In addition, a Kriging model is built up to reduce the computational cost of uncertainty propagation. To illustrate the application of this method, an engineering example of structural reliability assessment is performed. The results indicate that it may significantly affect output uncertainty whether to quantify the correlation among input variables. Furthermore, an additional advantage for risk management is obtained in this approach due to the separation of aleatory and epistemic uncertainties. The proposed method takes advantage of p-box and copula function to deal with the correlations and limited amount of the observed data, which are two important issues of uncertainty quantification in engineering. Thus, it is practical and has the ability to predict accurate response uncertainty or system state.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-03-22
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-04-2021-0205
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • An evolutionary structural optimization algorithm for the analysis of
           light automobile parts using a meshless technique

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      Authors: Diogo Costa Gonçalves , Joel Lopes , Raul Campilho , Jorge Belinha
      Abstract: The purpose of the present work is to develop the combination of the radial point interpolation method (RPIM) with a bi-directional evolutionary structural optimization (BESO) algorithm and extend it to the analysis of benchmark examples and automotive industry applications. A BESO algorithm capable of detecting variations in the stress level of the structure, and thus respond to those changes by reinforcing the solid material, is developed. A meshless method, the RPIM, is used to iteratively obtain the stress field. The obtained optimal topologies are then recreated and numerically analyzed to validate its proficiency. The proposed algorithm is capable to achieve accurate benchmark material distributions. Implementation of the BESO algorithm combined with the RPIM allows developing innovative lightweight automotive structures with increased performance. Computational cost of the topology optimization analysis is constrained by the nodal density discretizing the problem domain. Topology optimization solutions are usually complex, whereby they must be fabricated by additive manufacturing techniques and experimentally validated. In automotive industry, fuel consumption, carbon emissions and vehicle performance is influenced by structure weight. Therefore, implementation of accurate topology optimization algorithms to design lightweight (cost-efficient) components will be an asset in industry. Meshless methods applications in topology optimization are not as widespread as the finite element method (FEM). Therefore, this work enhances the state-of-the-art of meshless methods and demonstrates the suitability of the RPIM to solve topology optimization problems. Innovative lightweight automotive structures are developed using the proposed methodology.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-02-01
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-05-2021-0271
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Numerical simulation of the influence of mixed sand on erosion
           characteristics of centrifugal pump

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      Authors: Yong Wang , Xiaolin Wang , Jie Chen , Gangxiang Li , Houlin Liu , Wei Xiong
      Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to predict the erosion rate of the components of centrifugal pump under certain operating condition to identify the maximum erosion area and to discuss the factors affecting them. This helps to optimize design and estimate service life. In the paper, the Eulerian–Lagrangian approach method coupled with the erosion model to investigate the mixed sand characteristics on erosion characteristics of centrifugal pump flow-through wall. The hydraulic performance and wear characteristics experiment of the pump is used to verify the accuracy of the numerical simulation. The blade erosion area mainly occurs near the blade inlet and the trailing edge of the pressure surface, the main erosion area of the impeller back shroud is near the outlet of the flow passage and the main erosion area of the volute is near the tongue and the I section. With the change of the average diameter and density of sand particles, the average erosion rate on different flow-through walls is positively correlated with the average mass concentration to a certain extent. However, for different sand shape factors, there is little correlation between the average erosion rate and the average mass concentration. In addition, compared with other erosion areas, the increase of average sand particle diameter and density has the greatest impact on the total erosion rate of blade pressure surface, while the shape of sand particles has a greater impact on the total erosion rate of each flow-through wall of centrifugal pump. In this work, according to the characteristics of the mixed distribution of different sand diameters in the Yellow River Basin, the erosion characteristics of centrifugal pumps used in the Yellow River Basin are studied. The numerical calculation method for predicting the wall erosion of centrifugal pump is established and compared with the experimental results. The results can provide reference for optimizing design and increasing service life.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-01-19
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-10-2021-0602
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Repair limit policy of aircraft component based on extended uncertain
           random renewal reward process

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      Authors: Chunxiao Zhang , Xinwang Li , Xiaona Liu , Qiang Li , Yizhou Bai
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to focus on an optimizing maintenance policy with repair limit time for a new type of aircraft component, in which the lifetime is assumed to be an uncertain variable due to no historical operation data, and the repair time is a random variable that can be described by the experimental data. To describe this repair limit time policy over an infinite time horizon, an extended uncertain random renewal reward theorem is firstly proposed based on chance theory, involves uncertain random interarrival times and stochastic rewards. Accordingly, the uncertain random programming model, which minimized the expected maintenance cost rate, is formulated to find the optimal repair limit time. A numerical example with sensitivity analysis is provided to illustrate the utility of the proposed policy. It provides a useful reference and guidance for aircraft optimization. For maintainers, it plays an important guiding role in engineering practice. The proposed uncertain random renewal reward process proved useful for the optimization of maintenance strategy with maintenance limited time for a new type of aircraft components, which provides scientific support for aircraft maintenance decision-making for civil aviation enterprises.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-01-18
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-01-2021-0018
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Short-term cooling load prediction for office buildings based on feature
           selection scheme and stacking ensemble model

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      Authors: Wenzhong Gao , Xingzong Huang , Mengya Lin , Jing Jia , Zhen Tian
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to target on designing a short-term load prediction framework that can accurately predict the cooling load of office buildings. A feature selection scheme and stacking ensemble model to fulfill cooling load prediction task was proposed. Firstly, the abnormal data were identified by the data density estimation algorithm. Secondly, the crucial input features were clarified from three aspects (i.e. historical load information, time information and meteorological information). Thirdly, the stacking ensemble model combined long short-term memory network and light gradient boosting machine was utilized to predict the cooling load. Finally, the proposed framework performances by predicting cooling load of office buildings were verified with indicators. The identified input features can improve the prediction performance. The prediction accuracy of the proposed model is preferable to the existing ones. The stacking ensemble model is robust to weather forecasting errors. The stacking ensemble model was used to fulfill cooling load prediction task which can overcome the shortcomings of deep learning models. The input features of the model, which are less focused on in most studies, are taken as an important step in this paper.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-02-02
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-07-2021-0406
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Bifurcation analysis and chaos control in Zhou's dynamical system

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      Authors: E. S. Aly , M. M. El-Dessoky , M. T. Yassen , E. Saleh , M. A. Aiyashi , Ahmed Hussein Msmali
      Abstract: The purpose of the study is to obtain explicit formulas to determine the stability of periodic solutions to the new system and study the extent of the stability of those periodic solutions and the direction of bifurcated periodic solutions. More than that, the authors did a numerical simulation to confirm the results that the authors obtained and presented through numerical analysis are the periodic and stable solutions and when the system returns again to the state of out of control. The authors studied local bifurcation and verified its occurrence after choosing the delay as a parameter of control in Zhou 2019’s dynamical system with delayed feedback control. The authors investigated the normal form theory and the center manifold theorem. The occurrence of local Hopf bifurcations at the Zhou's system is verified. By using the normal form theory and the center manifold theorem, the authors obtain the explicit formulas for determining the stability and direction of bifurcated periodic solutions. The theoretical results obtained and the corresponding numerical simulations showed that the chaos phenomenon in the Zhou's system can be controlled using a method of time-delay auto-synchronization. As the delay increases further, the numerical simulations show that the periodic solution disappears, and the chaos attractor appears again. The obtained results can also be applied to the control and anti-control of chaos phenomena of system (1). There are still abundant and complex dynamical behaviors, and the topological structure of the new system should be completely and thoroughly investigated and exploited.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-01-19
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-08-2020-0461
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Vibration analysis of two-dimensional micromorphic structures using
           quadrilateral and triangular elements

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      Authors: Mina Kohansal Vajargah , Reza Ansari
      Abstract: The paper aims to presents a numerical analysis of free vibration of micromorphic structures subjected to various boundary conditions. To accomplish this objective, first, a two-dimensional (2D) micromorphic formulation is presented and the matrix representation of this formulation is given. Then, two size-dependent quadrilateral and triangular elements are developed within the commercial finite element software ABAQUS. User element subroutine (UEL) is used to implement the micromorphic elements. These non-classical elements are capable of capturing the micro-structure effects by considering the micro-motion of materials. The effects of the side length-to-length scale parameter ratio and boundary conditions on the vibration behavior of 2D micro-structures are discussed in detail. The reliability of the present finite element method (FEM) is confirmed by the convergence studies and the obtained results are validated with the results available in the literature. Also, the results of micromorphic theory (MMT) are compared with those of micropolar and classical elasticity theories. The study found that the size effect becomes very significant when the side length of micro-structures is close to the length scale parameter. The study is to analyze the free vibrations of 2D micro-structures based on MMT; to develop a 2D formulation for micromorphic continua within ABAQUS; to propose quadrilateral and triangular micromorphic elements using UEL and to investigate size effects on the vibrational behavior of micro-structures with various geometries.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-01-17
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-12-2020-0758
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Y-Mat: an improved hybrid finite-discrete element code for addressing
           geotechnical and geological engineering problems

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      Authors: Gang Liu , Fengshan Ma , Maosheng Zhang , Jie Guo , Jun Jia
      Abstract: Continua and discontinua coexist in natural rock materials. This paper aims to present an improved approach for addressing the mechanical response of rock masses based on the combined finite-discrete element method (FDEM) proposed by Munjiza. Several algorithms have been programmed in the new approach. The algorithms include (1) a simpler and more efficient algorithm to calculate the contact force; (2) An algorithm for tangential contact force closer to the actual physical process; (3) a plastic yielding criterion (e.g. Mohr-Coulomb) to modify the elastic stress for fitting the mechanical behavior of elastoplastic materials; and (4) a complete code for the mechanical calculation to be implemented in Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB). Three case studies, including two standard laboratory experiments (uniaxial compression and Brazilian split test) and one engineering-scale anti-dip slop model, are presented to illustrate the feasibility of the Y-Mat code and its ability to deal with multi-scale rock mechanics problems. The results, including the progressive failure process, failure mode and trajectory of each case, are acceptable compared to other corresponding studies. It is shown that, the code is capable of modeling geotechnical and geological engineering problems. This article gives an improved FDEM-based numerical calculation code. And, feasibility of the code is verified through three cases. It can effectively solve the geotechnical and geological engineering problems.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-12-2020-0741
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Discrete element model calibration based on measurements

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      Authors: Istvan Keppler , Adrienn Bablena , Nihal D. Salman , Péter Kiss
      Abstract: Transportation of the measurement samples from their original place to the measurement site causes significant changes in their mechanical properties. The possibility of making in situ measurements helps to create more precise discrete element models. The possibility of using in situ modified vane shear test based measurement for the calibration of discrete element models is demonstrated in this work. The advantage of employing the adjusted vane test is that the values of in situ measurements can be used for the calibration. The procedure we present allows us to perform accurate discrete element calibration using data from on-site measurements that can be performed quickly and easily.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-05-2021-0288
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Motion control of the two joint planar robotic manipulators through
           accelerated Dai–Liao method for solving system of nonlinear equations

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      Authors: Abubakar Sani Halilu , Arunava Majumder , Mohammed Yusuf Waziri , Kabiru Ahmed , Aliyu Muhammed Awwal
      Abstract: The purpose of this research is to propose a new choice of nonnegative parameter t in Dai–Liao conjugate gradient method. Conjugate gradient algorithms are used to solve both constrained monotone and general systems of nonlinear equations. This is made possible by combining the conjugate gradient method with the Newton method approach via acceleration parameter in order to present a derivative-free method. A conjugate gradient method is presented by proposing a new Dai–Liao nonnegative parameter. Furthermore the proposed method is successfully applied to handle the application in motion control of the two joint planar robotic manipulators. The proposed algorithm is a new approach that will not either submitted or publish somewhere.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-12-14
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-06-2021-0317
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Fractional order plasma modeling based on linear polarization of LASER
           light: an Atangana–Baleanu Caputo approach

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      Authors: Tamour Zubair , Muhammad Usman , Tiao Lu
      Abstract: The purpose of this offered research is to articulate a multifaceted kind of highly unstable initial perturbation and further analyze the performance of the plasma particles for time-fractional order evaluation. For this purpose, the authors designed specific geometry and further interpreted it into the mathematical model using the concepts of the Vlasov Maxwell system. The suggested algorithm is based on the finite-difference and spectral estimation philosophy. The management of time and memory in generic code for computational purposes is also discussed. The main purpose is to analyze the fractional behavior of plasma particles and also the capability of the suggested numerical algorithm. Due to initial perturbations, there are a lot of sudden variations that occurred in the formulated system. Graphical behavior shows that SR parameter produces devastation as compared to others. The variation of fractional parameter between the defend domain demonstrates the hidden pictures of plasma particles. The design scheme is efficient, convergent and has the capability to cover the better physics of the problem. Plasma material is commonly used in different areas of science. Therefore, in this paper, the authors increase the capability of the mathematical plasma model with specific geometry, and further suitable numerical algorithm is suggested with detailed physical analysis of the outcomes. The authors gave a new direction to study the performance of plasma particles under the influence of LASER light. In the recent era, science has produced a lot of advancements to study and analyze the physical natural process, which exist everywhere in the real word. On behalf of this current developments, it is now insufficient to study the first-order time evaluation of the plasma particles. One needs to be more precise and should move toward the bottomless state of it, that is, macroscopic and microscopic time-evaluation scales, and it is not wrong to say that there exits a huge gap, to study the time evaluation in this discussed manner. The presented study is entirely an advanced and efficient way to investigate the problem into the new directions. The capability of the proposed algorithm and model with fractional concepts can fascinate the reader to extend to the other dimensions.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-12-13
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-07-2021-0417
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • An -version adaptive finite element algorithm for eigensolutions of
           moderately thick circular cylindrical shells via error homogenisation and
           higher-order interpolation

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      Authors: Yongliang Wang , Jianhui Wang
      Abstract: This study presents a novel hp-version adaptive finite element method (FEM) to investigate the high-precision eigensolutions of the free vibration of moderately thick circular cylindrical shells, involving the issues of variable geometrical factors, such as the thickness, circumferential wave number, radius and length. An hp-version adaptive finite element (FE) algorithm is proposed for determining the eigensolutions of the free vibration of moderately thick circular cylindrical shells via error homogenisation and higher-order interpolation. This algorithm first develops the established h-version mesh refinement method for detecting the non-uniform distributed optimised meshes, where the error estimation and element subdivision approaches based on the superconvergent patch recovery displacement method are introduced to obtain high-precision solutions. The errors in the vibration mode solutions in the global space domain are homogenised and approximately the same. Subsequently, on the refined meshes, the algorithm uses higher-order shape functions for the interpolation of trial displacement functions to reduce the errors quickly, until the solution meets a pre-specified error tolerance condition. In this algorithm, the non-uniform mesh generation and higher-order interpolation of shape functions are suitable for addressing the problem of complex frequencies and modes caused by variable structural geometries. Numerical results are presented for moderately thick circular cylindrical shells with different geometrical factors (circumferential wave number, thickness-to-radius ratio, thickness-to-length ratio) to demonstrate the effectiveness, accuracy and reliability of the proposed method. The hp-version refinement uses fewer optimised meshes than h-version mesh refinement, and only one-step interpolation of the higher-order shape function yields the eigensolutions satisfying the accuracy requirement. The proposed combination of methodologies provides a complete hp-version adaptive FEM for analysing the free vibration of moderately thick circular cylindrical shells. This algorithm can be extended to general eigenproblems and geometric forms of structures to solve for the frequency and mode quickly and efficiently.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-12-13
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-07-2021-0430
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Solving binary programming problems using homotopy theory ideas

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      Authors: Lilia Alanís-López , Martha-Selene Casas-Ramírez , José-Fernando Camacho-Vallejo
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to show that merging two areas of mathematics – topology and discrete optimization – could result in a viable option to solve classical or specialized integer problems. In the paper, discrete topology concepts are applied to propose a metaheuristic algorithm that is capable to solve binary programming problems. Particularly, some of the homotopy for paths principles are used to explore the solution space associated with four well-known NP-hard problems herein considered as follows: knapsack, set covering, bi-level single plant location with order and one-max. Computational experimentation confirms that the proposed algorithm performs in an effective manner, and it is able to efficiently solve the sets of instances used for the benchmark. Moreover, the performance of the proposed algorithm is compared with a standard genetic algorithm (GA), a scatter search (SS) method and a memetic algorithm (MA). Acceptable results are obtained for all four implemented metaheuristics, but the path homotopy algorithm stands out. A novel metaheuristic is proposed for the first time. It uses topology concepts to design an algorithmic framework to solve binary programming problems in an effective and efficient manner.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-04-2021-0251
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Thermal buckling behavior of power and sigmoid functionally graded
           material sandwich plates using nonpolynomial shear deformation theories

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      Authors: Supen Kumar Sah , Anup Ghosh
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to carry out the thermal buckling analysis of power and sigmoid functionally graded material Sandwich plate (P-FGM and S-FGM) under uniform, linear, nonlinear and sinusoidal temperature rise. Thermal buckling of FGM Sandwich plates namely, FGM face with ceramic core (Type-A) and homogeneous face layers with FGM core (Type-B), incorporated with nonpolynomial shear deformation theories are considered for an analytical solution in this investigation. Effective material properties and thermal expansion coefficients of FGM Sandwich plates are evaluated based on Voigt's micromechanical model considering power and sigmoid law. The governing equilibrium and stability equations for the thermal buckling analysis are derived based on sinusoidal shear deformation theory (SSDT) and inverse trigonometric shear deformation theory (ITSDT) along with Von Karman nonlinearity. Analytical solutions for thermal buckling are carried out using the principle of minimum potential energy and Navier's solution technique. Critical buckling temperature of P-FGM and S-FGM Sandwich plates Type-A and B under uniform, linear, non-linear, and sinusoidal temperature rise are obtained and analyzed based on SSDT and ITSDT. Influence of power law, sigmoid law, span to thickness ratio, aspect ratio, volume fraction index, different types of thermal loadings and Sandwich plate types over critical buckling temperature are investigated. An analytical method of solution for thermal buckling of power and sigmoid FGM Sandwich plates with efficient shear deformation theories has been successfully analyzed and validated. The temperature distribution across FGM plate under a high thermal environment may be uniform, linear, nonlinear, etc. In practice, temperature variation is an unpredictable phenomenon; therefore, it is essential to have a temperature distribution model which can address a sinusoidal temperature variation too. In the present work, a new sinusoidal temperature rise is proposed to describe the effect of sinusoidal temperature variation over critical buckling temperature for P-FGM and S-FGM Sandwich plates. For the first time, the FGM Sandwich plate is modeled using the sigmoid function to investigate the thermal buckling behavior under the uniform, linear, nonlinear and sinusoidal temperature rise. Nonpolynomial shear deformation theories are utilized to obtain the equilibrium and stability equations for thermal buckling analysis of P-FGM and S-FGM Sandwich plates.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-05-2021-0306
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Initial stress and heterogeneity effects on torsional waves in dry sand
           half-space between reinforced half-space and poroelastic medium

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      Authors: Latha Madhuri Poonem , Rajitha Gurijala , Sindhuja Ala , Malla Reddy Perati
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of initial stress and heterogeneity on the propagation of torsional waves in dissipative medium. The problem consists of dry sand poroelastic half-space embedded between heterogeneous self-reinforced half-space and poroelastic medium. The frequency equation is derived in the framework of Biot's theory with some variants. Torsional wave propagation in dry sand poroelastic half-space embedded between self-reinforced half-space and poroelastic medium. All the constituents here are assumed to be dissipative, heterogeneous and initial stressed. Phase velocity and attenuation are computed against wavenumber for various values of self-reinforcement parameter, inhomogeneity parameter and initial stress. Particular cases are discussed in absence of dissipation. The numerical results are presented graphically. Initial stress and heterogeneity effects on torsional waves in dry sand half-space between reinforced half-space and poroelastic medium are investigated. The frequency equation is derived, and which intern gives the phase velocity and attenuation coefficient for various values of initial stress, self-reinforcement parameter and heterogeneity parameter. From the numerical results, it is clear that as wavenumber varies phase velocity and attenuation are periodic in nature for all the cases. Particular cases are discussed in absence of dissipation. This kind of analysis can be extended to any elastic solid by taking magnetic, thermo and piezoelectric effects into account.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-04-2021-0212
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Semi-analytical finite element method for simulating chemical
           dissolution-front instability problems in fluid-saturated porous media

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      Authors: Chongbin Zhao , B.E. Hobbs , Alison Ord
      Abstract: The objective of this paper is to develop a semi-analytical finite element method for solving chemical dissolution-front instability problems in fluid-saturated porous media. The porosity, horizontal and vertical components of the pore-fluid velocity and solute concentration are selected as four fundamental unknown variables for describing chemical dissolution-front instability problems in fluid-saturated porous media. To avoid the use of numerical integration, analytical solutions for the property matrices of a rectangular element are precisely derived in a purely mathematical manner. This means that the proposed finite element method is a kind of semi-analytical method. The column pivot element solver is used to solve the resulting finite element equations of the chemical dissolution-front instability problem. The direct use of horizontal and vertical components of the pore-fluid velocity as fundamental unknown variables can improve the accuracy of the related numerical solution. The column pivot element solver is useful for solving the finite element equations of a chemical dissolution-front instability problem. The proposed semi-analytical finite element method can produce highly accurate numerical solutions for simulating chemical dissolution-front instability problems in fluid-saturated porous media. Analytical solutions for the property matrices of a rectangular element are precisely derived for solving chemical dissolution-front instability problems in fluid-saturated porous media. The proposed semi-analytical finite element method provides a useful way for understanding the underlying dynamic mechanisms of the washing land method involved in the contaminated land remediation.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-05-2021-0286
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • A numerical algorithm to find optimum parameters of a flexible-link
           manipulator arm for performing payload launching

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      Authors: Khalil Alipour , Bahram Tarvirdizadeh
      Abstract: The aim of the current study is proposing a novel framework to attain the optimum value of a flexible arm manipulator parameters for payload launching missions. The proposed scheme is based on optimal control approach and combines direct and indirect search methods while considering the actuator capacity. Three nonlinear parameter-optimization problems will be solved to illustrate how the proposed algorithm can be exploited. Employing variational based nonlinear optimal control within the suggested framework, the answer of these problems is highly intertwined to the solution of a set of differential equations with split boundary values. To solve the obtained boundary value problem (BVP), the related solver of MATLAB® software, bvp6c, will be employed. The achieved simulation results support the worth of the developed procedure. For the first time, the optimal parameters of a flexible link robot for object launching are found in the current research. In addition, the actuator saturation limits are considered which enhances the applicability of the suggested method in the real world applications.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-05-2021-0305
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • The numerical simulation of rock mass grouting: a literature review

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      Authors: Fei Tong , Jie Yang , Meng Qiang Duan , Xu Fei Ma , Gao Chao Li
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to understand the current research status and future development trends in the field of numerical simulation on rock mass grouting. This article first searched the literature database (EI, Web of Science, CNKI, etc.) for keywords related to the numerical simulation of rock mass grouting to obtain the initial literature database. Then, from the initial database, several documents with strong relevance to the numerical simulation theme of rock mass grouting and high citation rate were selected; some documents from the references were selected as supplements, forming the sample database of this review study (a total of 90 articles). Finally, through sorting out the relationship among the literature, this literature review was carried out. The numerical simulation of rock mass grouting is mainly based on the porous media model and the fractured media model. It has experienced the development process from Newtonian fluid to non-Newtonian fluid, from time-invariant viscosity to time-varying viscosity, and from generalized theoretical model to engineering application model. Based on this, this article summarizes four scientific problems that need to be solved in the future in this research field: the law of grout distribution at the cross fissures, the grout diffusion mechanism under multi-field coupling, more accurate grouting theoretical model and simulation technology with strong engineering applicability. This research systematically analyzes the current research status and shortcomings of numerical simulation on rock mass grouting, summarizes four key issues in the future development of this research field and provides new ideas for the future research on numerical simulation on rock mass grouting.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-05-2021-0282
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Comparative assessments of strain measures for nonlinear analysis of truss
           structures at large deformations

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      Authors: Marcelo Greco , Daniel Henrique Nunes Peixoto
      Abstract: In this paper the use of classical strain measures in analysis of trusses at finite deformations will be discussed. The results will be compared to the ones acquired using a novel strain measure based on the Hyperbolic Sine function. Through the evaluation of results, algebraic development and graph analysis, the properties of the Hyperbolic Sine strain measure will be examined. Through graph plotting, comparisons between the novel strain measure and the classic ones will be made. The formulae for the implementation of the Hyperbolic Sine strain measure into a positional finite element method are developed. Four engineering applications are presented and comparisons between results obtained using all strain measures studied are made. The proposed strain measure, Hyperbolic Sine, has objectivity and symmetry. The linear constitutive model formed by the Hyperbolic Sine strain and its conjugated stress presents an increasing stiffness, both in compression and tension, a behavior that can be useful in the modeling of several materials. The structural analysis performed on the four examples of trusses in this article did not consider the variation of the cross-sectional area of the elements or the buckling phenomenon, moreover, only elastic behavior is considered. The present article proposes the use of a novel strain measure family, based on the Hyperbolic Sine function and suitable for structural applications. Mathematical expressions for the use of the Hyperbolic Sine strain measure are established following the energetic concepts of the positional formulation of the finite element method.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-19
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-01-2021-0056
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Simulation of particles screening in pulsating negative pressure shale
           shaker by coupling CFD and DEM

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      Authors: Peng Yin , Yongjun Hou , Xianjin Wu
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to obtain the combination of working parameters suitable for pulsating negative pressure shale shaker through simulation, which is conducive to efficient recovery of clean drilling fluid and relatively dry cuttings. Shale shaker is still one of the main equipment in solid–solid and solid–liquid separation processes in drilling industry. This research is based on a new drilling fluids circulation treatment device, namely pulsating negative pressure shale shaker. In this work, a numerical study of particle flow and separation in the pulsating negative pressure shale shaker is carried out by coupling computational fluid dynamics/discrete element method (CFD-DEM). The effect of vibration parameters and negative pressure parameters are studied in terms of conveyance velocity and percent through screen. The results show that, conveyance velocity of particle is mainly affected by vibration parameters, negative pressure in pulsating form can effectively prevent cuttings from sticking to the screen. Vibration parameters and pulsating airflow velocity peak have great influence on percent through screen, while vibration frequency and screen slope have influence on the time when the percent through screen reaches stability. In this paper, the authors put forward a new kind of drilling waste fluid treatment equipment, and focused on the study of particle movement law. The results have important guiding significance for the selection of structural design parameters and rational use of equipment. In addition, the new device provides a new idea for solid–liquid separation method, which is one of the hot topics in current research.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-19
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-12-2020-0737
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Modeling and dynamics simulation of spur gear system incorporating the
           effect of lubrication condition and input shaft crack

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      Authors: Junguo Wang , Zhaoyuan Yao , M.F. Hassan , Yongxiang Zhao
      Abstract: The paper is devoted to presenting a systematic investigation on the mechanical model and nonlinear dynamic characteristics of spur gear system with and without input shaft crack. Considering the backlash, load-distribution, time-varying meshing stiffness and sliding friction, the modelling of a 5DOF gear system is proposed. Likewise, stiffness and damping models under elastohydrodynamic lubrication are developed, and sliding friction between gear pair is also outlined. In particular, a cracked input shaft which affects the support stiffness is presented, and breathing crack in keyway is adopted. On this basis, the dynamic responses of a gear system with and without input shaft crack are examined using numerical method, and some classical response diagrams are given, illustrating the effect of the important parameters on the gear system. Dynamic simulation demonstrates that there exist periodic, quasi-periodic and chaotic motions in the gear system, and rational speed of the gear pair has noteworthy effects on vibration characteristic. Besides, comparison between healthy and cracked condition of input shaft indicates that occurring of crack convert periodic motion to quasi-periodic or chaotic motion. The results give an understanding of the operating conditions under which undesirable dynamic behavior occurs, and provide some useful information to design and diagnose such gear system with crack fault.
      Citation: Engineering Computations
      PubDate: 2021-11-16
      DOI: 10.1108/EC-03-2021-0183
      Issue No: Vol. 39 , No. 5 (2021)
       
  • Engineering Computations

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