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ENGINEERING (1203 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 233)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 257)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 181)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 216)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access  
CTheory     Open Access  
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 58)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover AAPG Bulletin
  [SJR: 1.978]   [H-I: 86]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0149-1423
   Published by GeoScienceWorld Homepage  [16 journals]
  • A new approach to backstripping and sequential restoration in subsalt
    • Authors: Macaulay; E. A.
      Pages: 1385 - 1394
      Abstract: In this paper, a new approach to calculating and restoring the effects of physical compaction in subsalt units is presented. The loading of subsalt units and associated physical compaction is controlled by a combination of suprasalt sedimentation and salt movements. Here it is proposed that the change in load affecting the subsalt units is equivalent to the thickness between paleosurfaces of the basin (regional levels) reconstructed for successive stratigraphic horizons. This is in contrast to suprasalt units, where the changes in load are equivalent to the thickness of the stratigraphic unit. The new approach is integrated into a complete workflow for sequential restoration in a salt basin, which involves (1) removing the effects of physical compaction in suprasalt units, (2) reconstructing the paleosurfaces of the basin (regional level), (3) restoring faults, (4) unfolding to the reconstructed regional level to restore the effects of salt movement in the suprasalt units, (5) reconstructing the change in load affecting subsalt units and restoring the associated physical compaction, and (6) restoring any isostasy and postrift thermal subsidence. Results obtained using this workflow are compared with other methodologies to assess the differences in subsalt sediment thickness and structural configurations. These results suggest that the workflow proposed in this paper will improve the accuracy of sequential restoration of subsalt hydrocarbon plays, allowing their structural configurations through time to be more accurately quantified, and will ultimately reduce the risks in developing subsalt resources.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15T08:34:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1306/11291616122
      Issue No: Vol. 101, No. 9 (2017)
  • Characterization of Eocene lacustrine source rocks and their oils in the
           Beibuwan Basin, offshore South China Sea
    • Authors: Huang, B; Zhu, W, Tian, H, Jin, Q, Xiao, X, Hu, C.
      Pages: 1395 - 1423
      Abstract: A total of 225 rock samples and 37 oil samples from the Beibuwan Basin, South China Sea, were analyzed with geochemical and organic petrological techniques to evaluate the Eocene lacustrine source rocks and investigate controls on their properties and the distribution of different oil families in the basin. Two types of organic facies are recognized in the Liushagang Formation (LS). The first organic facies is algal-dominated and mainly occurs in the organic-rich, laminated mudstones of the middle member of the LS (LS-2) that were deposited in an anoxic, stratified, medium–deep lake environment. It is geochemically identified by its high abundance of C30 4-methylsteranes and heavy 13C values in the range of –22.4 to –27.5. The organic matter in this organic facies comprises type I and II1 kerogens, with its macerals dominated by fluorescent amorphous organic matter (AOM) and exinites, indicating a highly oil-prone character. The second organic facies is of terrestrial algal origin and is mainly identified in the nonlaminated mudstones of the upper (LS-1) and lower (LS-3) members of the LS that were deposited in shallow, dysoxic, weakly stratified, freshwater environments. Source rocks of the second organic facies mainly contain type II1–II2 kerogens with mixed macerals of AOM, internites, and vitrinites. It is geochemically differentiated from the algal-dominated organic facies by its relatively low abundance of C30 4-methylsteranes and lighter 13C values in the range of –27.20 to –28.67. Three oil groups are identified by their biomarkers and stable carbon isotopes. The first two groups (A and B) are probably end-members of two major oil families (A and B) that correspond to the algal-dominated organic facies and algal–terrestrial organic facies, respectively. Most of the discovered oils belong to group A oils that are characterized by a high abundance of C30 4-methylsteranes and heavy 13C values and show a good correlation with the algal-dominated organic facies in LS-2. Group B oils are found only within the LS-1 and LS-3 reservoirs, and they are recognized by their relatively low content of C30 4-methylsteranes and lighter 13C values, showing a close relation to the algal–terrestrial source facies within the LS-1 and LS-3 members, respectively. Group C oils display intermediate biomarker features and stable carbon isotope values and are interpreted to be a mixture of group A and B oils. The oil–source correlation reveals a strong control of organic facies on the geographic distribution of oil groups or oil fields in the basin.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15T08:34:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1306/10171615161
      Issue No: Vol. 101, No. 9 (2017)
  • Resurrection of a reservoir sandstone from tomographic data using
           three-dimensional printing
    • Authors: Ishutov, S; Hasiuk, F. J, Fullmer, S. M, Buono, A. S, Gray, J. N, Harding, C.
      Pages: 1425 - 1443
      Abstract: Three-dimensional (3-D) printing provides an opportunity to build lab-testable models of reservoir rocks from tomographic data. This study combines tomography and 3-D printing to reproduce a sample of the Fontainebleau sandstone at different magnifications to test how this workflow can help characterization of transport properties at multiple scales. For this sandstone, literature analysis has given a porosity of 11%, permeability of 455 md, mean pore throat radius of 15 μm, and a mean grain size of 250 μm. Digital rock analysis of tomographic data from the same sample yielded a porosity of 13%, a permeability of 251 md, and a mean pore throat radius of 15.2 μm. The 3-D printer available for this study was not able to reproduce the sample’s pore system at its original scale. Instead, models were 3-D printed at 5-fold, 10-fold, and 15-fold magnifications. Mercury porosimetry performed on these 3-D models revealed differences in porosity (28%–37%) compared to the literature (11%) and to digital calculations (12.7%). Mercury may have intruded the smallest matrix pores of the printing powder and led to a greater than 50% increase in measured porosity. However, the 3-D printed models’ pore throat size distribution (15 μm) and permeability (350–443 md) match both literature data and digital rock analysis. The powder-based 3-D printing method was only able to replicate parts of the pore system (permeability and pore throats) but not the pore bodies. Other 3-D printing methods, such as resin-based stereolithography and photopolymerization, may have the potential to reproduce reservoir rock porosity more accurately.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15T08:34:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1306/11111616038
      Issue No: Vol. 101, No. 9 (2017)
  • Stratigraphic and geochemical investigation of kukersites (petroleum
           source beds) within the Ordovician Red River Formation, Williston Basin
    • Authors: Nesheim; T. O.
      Pages: 1445 - 1471
      Abstract: The Upper Ordovician Red River Formation has been a prolific producer of oil and gas in the Williston Basin, where it has cumulatively produced more than 750 million bbl of oil equivalent over the past half century. Previous studies have recognized petroleum source beds, referred to as kukersites, in the Red River Formation but have not determined their complete extent or hydrocarbon generation significance. Examination and analysis of 28 cores and greater than 300 wireline logs have revealed 10 distinct kukersites in the Red River D zone that can be correlated individually for tens to hundreds of miles (tens to hundreds of kilometers) across the western quarter of North Dakota. Although each Red River kukersite is typically thin (1–2 ft [0.3–0.7 m] thick), they combine to reach net thicknesses of greater than 12 ft (3.7 m) with average present day total organic carbon (TOC) values of typically 3–6 wt. %. Hydrogen index (HI) values from kukersite samples range from primarily greater than 800 mg hydrocarbons (HC)/g TOC within the northern flank of the basin to systematically decreasing to less than 100 mg HC/g TOC within the basin center. This systematic decrease in HI is interpreted to be a function of increased thermal maturity, where hydrocarbon generation has depleted kukersite organic richness. Preliminary calculations of hydrocarbon volumes generated from Red River kukersites, based on a previously developed method that calculates the volumetric decrease in original to present-day kerogen content, total approximately 66 billion bbl (1.05 x 1010 m3) of oil equivalent. This approximate generation total is more than enough to account for cumulative Red River production and supports the idea that the Red River is a self-sourced petroleum system with potentially significant remaining exploration potential.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15T08:34:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1306/11111616075
      Issue No: Vol. 101, No. 9 (2017)
  • Event-based risk management for subsurface risks: An approach to protect
           value generation from oil and gas fields
    • Authors: Smalley, P. C; Chebotar, K.
      Pages: 1473 - 1486
      Abstract: Event-based risk management (EBRM) is an improved way of describing subsurface uncertainties and their possible business impacts in a manner that facilitates specific actions to improve business performance. In EBRM, uncertainties are viewed as potential causes of risk events that could in turn lead to consequences that affect the attainment of objectives. This "causes–event–consequences" syntax aids the design of prevention measures to inhibit the causes turning into the event and mitigation measures to reduce the potential consequences should the risk event occur, and it also facilitates construction of a risk taxonomy scheme based on risk consequences, events, and causes.Using a data set of 1456 subsurface risks, each risk was described in this manner and placed in the taxonomy, and the proportion of risks in each taxonomic group was analyzed. This revealed clear trends in the relative frequency of risk groups with type of field: for example, risks related to hydrocarbon-in-place volumes are more frequently identified in deep-water oil fields and gas fields feeding liquefied natural gas plants, situations in which resource volumes are critical to support the large project capital costs. Trends were also evident with field maturity: for example, risks related to hydrocarbon-in-place volumes are more frequently identified before the field sanction decision than afterward.Several benefits have yielded from EBRM: the risk description syntax encourages the creation of meaningful risk-management actions, the taxonomy and associated risk identification frequencies assist the identification of relevant risks so that key risk areas are not overlooked and also help to anticipate future risks, and the focus on risks (rather than uncertainties) helps to focus resources (data acquisition, technical studies) onto those aspects of the subsurface that are likely to impact business outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15T08:34:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1306/11301616084
      Issue No: Vol. 101, No. 9 (2017)
  • Sequence stratigraphy and lateral variability of Lower Cretaceous
           clinoforms in the southwestern Barents Sea
    • Authors: Marin, D; Escalona, A, Śliwiłska, K. K, Nohr-Hansen, H, Mordasova, A.
      Pages: 1487 - 1517
      Abstract: An extensive seismic database covering an area of 100,000 km2 (38,610 mi2) and 16 wells are integrated to define a sequence-stratigraphic framework for the Lower Cretaceous succession in the southwestern Barents Sea. Seven sequences (S0–S6) are defined, and the geometry, trajectory, and lateral variability of decompacted seismic clinoforms are described to elucidate the depositional history of the basin and to better understand coarse-grained sediment transport from the shelf to basin. Three different clinoform scales are recognized: (1) clinoform sets with 35–60 m (115–197 ft) height, interpreted as deltaic or shoreline clinoforms; (2) clinoform sets with 60–110 m (197–361 ft) height, interpreted as sediments prograding on a continental shelf; and (3) clinoforms with greater than 150 m (>492 ft) height, which represent shelf-margin clinoforms. Furthermore, clinoforms are grouped into two main progradation directions: (1) clinoforms prograded to the southeast in sequences 2–3, in the Fingerdjupet Subbasin and the western Bjarmeland platform, indicating a source of sediments located in the west-northwestern Barents Sea, and (2) clinoforms prograded to the southwest in sequences 1–6, in the eastern part of the Bjarmeland platform, Nordkapp Basin, and Finnmark platform, indicating a second source of sediments located in the east-northeast. Additionally, in the Hammerfest Basin, clinoforms prograded to the southeast off the Loppa high in sequences 5–6. Low-relief (35–60 m [115–197 ft]), high-gradient, and oblique clinoforms are observed within sequence 2 in the western Bjarmeland platform. The high-gradient foresets are interpreted as potential coarse-grained deposits or as a result of clinoforms prograding to progressive deeper waters, resulting in steeper foresets. Clinoforms located in the eastern part of the study area are interpreted as sourced by a mud-rich system, reflecting a long transportation distance. However, thin, heterolithic patterns in the gamma-ray log possibly reflect thin, sheetlike sands. The height of the clinoforms seems to be a factor controlling the sediment bypass to deep water in the study area. When the height is more than 200 m (656 ft), bottomset deposits are common. This study contributes to a better understanding of the paleogeography and the evolution of the frontier southwestern Barents Sea during the Early Cretaceous and to comprehending the variables increasing the bypass of coarse-grained sediments to deep-water settings.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15T08:34:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1306/10241616010
      Issue No: Vol. 101, No. 9 (2017)
  • Sediment source regions and paleotransport of the Upper Jurassic Norphlet
           Formation, eastern Gulf of Mexico
    • Authors: Hunt, B; Robinson, D. M, Weislogel, A. L, Ewing, R. C.
      Pages: 1519 - 1542
      Abstract: The Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation is an eolian sandstone and important hydrocarbon reservoir that overlies the Louann Salt in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). Because the sand was concentrated into dunes formed by Late Jurassic winds, determining the source areas and paleotransport direction of the sand can improve predictions of the distribution of the dune facies around the GOM. Paleo–wind-blown sediment transport into the proto-GOM was controlled by wind direction and magnitude and the extant topography of the basin and adjacent uplands. Analysis of the Norphlet Formation in the eastern GOM shows that wadis and alluvial fans controlled by the location of highs were the primary route for introducing sediment of varied provenance into the eolian erg. Eolian transport directions interpreted from dip-log analyses are south directed in southern Alabama and west to northwest directed in western Florida. Interpretations of regional, two-dimensional, prestack-depth-migrated seismic data show that erosional incision of the Middle Ground arch occurred prior to and during the time of Norphlet deposition; this as well as preexisting lows in the basement topography may have facilitated basinward sand transport of sediment that fed the Norphlet Formation erg preserved in the deep-water subsurface eastern GOM.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15T08:34:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1306/10171615156
      Issue No: Vol. 101, No. 9 (2017)
  • Geochemical characteristics, origins, and model of lacustrine source rocks
    • Authors: Bao, X; Ji, Y, Hu, Y, Zong, Y.
      Pages: 1543 - 1564
      Abstract: Variations in environmental and biological origins contributing to the heterogeneity of lacustrine source rocks can be illustrated in their diverse genetic facies. The Zhu 1 depression, eastern Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea, is characterized by two thick, Paleogene, organic-rich synrift units, the Wenchang and Enping Formations. The integration of bulk geochemical and biomarker data with tectonic and sedimentary information provides the basis for a comprehensive assessment of the environmental and ecological changes through geologic time and their impact on the heterogeneity of these lacustrine source rocks. Both the Wenchang and Enping Formations display wide variations in total organic carbon content and hydrogen index values as well as biomarker composition, suggesting lateral and chronological changes in organic facies. Using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and hierarchical cluster analysis, five genetic facies were identified within these two source horizons. These facies represent different organic-matter inputs and sedimentary and early diagenetic environments based on their distinctly different assemblages of 11 source-dependent biomarker ratios. Four facies were distinguished in the Wenchang Formation, and two facies were distinguished in the Enping Formation, with one being common to both formations. During the middle Eocene, the Wenchang Formation was deposited in a series of small, deep lakes of laterally variable salinity, acidity, and biofacies. During the deposition of the Enping Formation in the late Eocene and early Oligocene, the previous lakes merged into fewer lakes with shallower depth and larger areal coverage, with the biota becoming more uniform across the whole depression. The coevolution of these lacustrine settings and their biota is closely associated with the development of the Zhu 1 depression, within which multiple separate sags produced by rapid mid-Eocene subsidence finally merged into a single depositional unit during slow subsidence in the late Eocene and early Oligocene. Accordingly, an integrated model was established to provide an overview of the contrasting origins of lacustrine source rocks during the two Paleogene epochs. This model may have important implications for source-rock prediction in the undrilled parts of the basins or for reference to source-rock heterogeneity in other rift basins.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15T08:34:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1306/11071614117
      Issue No: Vol. 101, No. 9 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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