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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2417 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (207 journals)
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ENGINEERING (1267 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 272)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Beyond : Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 277)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 248)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 191)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover
Applied Nanoscience
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2190-5509 - ISSN (Online) 2190-5517
Published by SpringerOpen Homepage  [226 journals]
  • Zn–Ge–Sb glass composite mixed with Ba 2+ ions: a high capacity anode
           material for Na-ion batteries

    • Abstract: (100–x)(0.7[0.625ZnO–0.375GeO2]–0.3Sb2O3)–xBaO (x = 0, 2, 4 and 6 mol%, labeled as ZGSB x ) glass anode samples are synthesized using a high-energy ball-milling method and employed as anode material for Na-ion batteries. The results on microstructures (XRD, SEM) and electrochemical properties (constant current charge/discharge tests, CV and EIS) indicated that the optimum concentration of Ba2+ ions in the Zn–Ge–Sb glass anode network exhibits the pillaring effect, which would lead to increased electrical conductivity, minimize the volume changes, cracks and voids to boost up electrochemical performance. The ZGSB4 glass anode sample exhibits good capacity retention even after 20 cycles with ~ 95% coulombic efficiency, which is a significant trend for a successful anode network. Electrochemical performance is considerably enhanced by reducing the cut-off voltage from 2 to 1.25 V due to the disassembly of amorphous intermediate domains, optimum volume changes and increased electrical conductivity in this ZGSB x glass network.
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
  • Cattaneo–Christov based study of $${\text {TiO}}_2$$ TiO 2 –CuO/EG
           Casson hybrid nanofluid flow over a stretching surface with entropy

    • Abstract: In the present research, a simplified mathematical model is presented to study the heat transfer and entropy generation analysis of thermal system containing hybrid nanofluid. Nanofluid occupies the space over an infinite horizontal surface and the flow is induced by the non-linear stretching of surface. A uniform transverse magnetic field, Cattaneo–Christov heat flux model and thermal radiation effects are also included in the present study. The similarity technique is employed to reduce the governing non-linear partial differential equations to a set of ordinary differential equation. Keller Box numerical scheme is then used to approximate the solutions for the thermal analysis. Results are presented for conventional copper oxide–ethylene glycol (CuO–EG) and hybrid titanium–copper oxide/ethylene glycol ( \({\text {TiO}}_2\) –CuO/EG) nanofluids. The spherical, hexahedron, tetrahedron, cylindrical, and lamina-shaped nanoparticles are considered in the present analysis. The significant findings of the study is the enhanced heat transfer capability of hybrid nanofluids over the conventional nanofluids, greatest heat transfer rate for the smallest value of the shape factor parameter and the increase in Reynolds number and Brinkman number increases the overall entropy of the system.
      PubDate: 2018-06-07
  • Incorporation of indium in TiO 2 -based photoanodes for enhancing the
           photovoltaic conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells

    • Abstract: Sol–gel-assisted spin-coating method was used to prepare TiO2 photoelectrodes doped with four different concentrations of indium 0.025, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 M. The crystalline phase and average crystallite size of the pure- and indium-doped TiO2 films were found using X-ray diffractometer. Raman analysis was performed for the pure- and In-doped TiO2 films to confirm the structure of anatase phase. UV–visible and photoluminescence spectrophotometer were used to analyze the optical properties of the films. A shift towards a lower wavelength in the absorption spectrum and widening of band gap were noted for the doped TiO2 films. Reduction in the peak intensity was observed in the PL spectra to indicate the inhibiting action of electron–hole recombination. A maximum (2.71%) light to current efficiency is noted for the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) fabricated based on 0.025M In-doped TiO2 electrode.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
  • Study of interface chemistry between the carrier-transporting layers and
           their influences on the stability and performance of organic solar cells

    • Abstract: This is the first study that described how the interface interactions of graphene oxide (GO) with poly(3-hexylthiophene): 3′H-cyclopropa [8,25] [5,6] fullerene-C60-D5h(6)-3′-butanoic acid 3′-phenyl methyl ester (PCBM) and with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) are influencing the stability and performance of poly(3-hexylthiophene): poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) (P3HT:PCBM)-based organic solar cell. The interface functionalization of these carrier-transporting layers was confirmed by XRD pattern, XPS analysis, and Raman spectroscopy. These interfaces chemical bond formation helped to firmly attach the GO layer with PCBM and PEDOT:PSS layers, forming a strong barrier against water molecule absorption and also provided an easy pathway for fast transfer of free carriers between P3HT:PCBM layer and metal electrodes via the backbone of the conjugated GO sheets. Because of these interface interactions, the device fabricated with PCBM/GO composite as an electron transport layer and GO/PEDOT:PSS composite as hole transport layer demonstrated a remarkable improvement in the value of power conversion efficiency (5.34%) and reproducibility with a high degree of control over the environmental stability (600 h). This study is paving a way for a new technique to further improve the stability and PCE for the commercialization of OSCs.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
  • Impact of microwave-assisted synthesis on the morphology and rhodamine B
           oxidation properties of ZnO nanocomposites

    • Abstract: Nanocomposites of ZnO–NiO and ZnO–SnO2 were synthesized by the microwave-assisted method. The formation of ZnO–NiO nanocomposite [ZnO (hexagonal), NiO (cubic)], and ZnO–SnO2 nanocomposite [ZnO (hexagonal), SnO2 (tetragonal)] is confirmed by XRD. FTIR evidences the molecular vibrations of Ni–O (428 cm−1), Zn–O (477 cm−1), and Sn–O (485 and 618 cm−1). FESEM micrographs show hexagonal-faceted nanocrystals (ZnO) and spherical nanoparticles (ZnO–NiO). Photoluminescence study identifies the defect states due to oxygen vacancies. Photocatalytic activity for the degradation of RhB under UV irradiation shows better efficiency for pristine ZnO (100%) and NiO (80%) nanocomposite.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
  • Fabrication and characterization of multi-stopband Fabry–Pérot filter
           array for nanospectrometers in the VIS range using SCIL nanoimprint

    • Abstract: Miniaturization of optical spectrometers can be achieved by Fabry–Pérot (FP) filter arrays. Each FP filter consists of two parallel highly reflecting mirrors and a resonance cavity in between. Originating from different individual cavity heights, each filter transmits a narrow spectral band (transmission line) with different wavelengths. Considering the fabrication efficiency, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) technology is applied to implement the high-optical-quality distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs), while substrate conformal imprint lithography (one type of nanoimprint technology) is utilized to achieve the multiple cavities in just a single step. The FP filter array fabricated by nanoimprint combined with corresponding detector array builds a so-called “nanospectrometer”. However, the silicon nitride and silicon dioxide stacks deposited by PECVD result in a limited stopband width of DBR (i.e., < 100 nm), which then limits the sensing range of filter arrays. However, an extension of the spectral range of filter arrays is desired and the topic of this investigation. In this work, multiple DBRs with different central wavelengths (λc) are structured, deposited, and combined on a single substrate to enlarge the entire stopband. Cavity arrays are successfully aligned and imprinted over such terrace like surface in a single step. With this method, small chip size of filter arrays can be preserved, and the fabrication procedure of multiple resonance cavities is kept efficient as well. The detecting range of filter arrays is increased from roughly 50 nm with single DBR to ~ 163 nm with three different DBRs.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
  • Coumarin–gold nanoparticle bioconjugates: preparation, antioxidant, and
           cytotoxic effects against MCF-7 breast cancer cells

    • Abstract: In recent, the conjugation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with biomolecules has shown great potential especially in disease diagnostics and treatment. Taking this in account, we report the methodology involved in the conjugation of coumarin onto the surface of citrate-capped AuNPs by a simple in situ method. Herein, we systematically performed UV–Vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and zeta potential measurements to characterize citrate-capped AuNPs and bioconjugates. Our results demonstrate in-depth surface chemistry of bioconjugates with improved surface plasmon resonance (529 nm), morphology (near spherical shape), hydrodynamic diameter (25.3 nm) as well as surface charge (− 35 mV). Furthermore, the bioconjugates displayed dose-dependent response in scavenging free radicals and exhibited cytotoxicity against MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines. In addition, phase-contrast microscopic analysis revealed that bioconjugates promote apoptosis in cancer cells in a time-dependent manner. Overall, we ascertain the fact that this kind of bioconjugation of AuNPs with coumarin further enhances the efficacy of inorganic nanomaterials and thus make them a better bio-therapeutic candidate.
      PubDate: 2018-05-28
  • Flow of chemically reactive magneto Cross nanoliquid with
           temperature-dependent conductivity

    • Abstract: Influence of temperature-dependent thermal conductivity on MHD flow of Cross nanoliquid bounded by a stretched sheet is explored. The combined feature of Brownian motion and thermophoresis in nanoliquid modeling is retained. In addition, the attributes of zero mass flux at sheet are imposed. First-order chemical reaction is retained. The resulting problems are numerically computed. Plots and tabulated values are presented and examined. It is figured out that larger thermophoretic diffusion and thermal conductivity significantly rise the thermal field, whereas opposite situation is seen for heat transfer rate.
      PubDate: 2018-05-26
  • Effect of microemulsion on foam stability

    • Abstract: Microemulsion–foam interactions are significant in the low tension gas process, an emerging enhanced oil recovery method. As oil–water–surfactant systems are subjected to various salinity environments and microemulsion phase behavior varies, foam strength has also been observed to vary. This may be due to the action of oil-swollen micelles within liquid lamellae. Winsor Type I microemulsions were characterized according to surface tension, oil content, oil-swollen micelle size, and viscosity. Their impact on foam stability was quantified via dynamic Bikerman-style glass column tests and static decay tests in a physical rock network microfluidic chip to observe behavior and trends across scales. Foam stability tests demonstrated up to 90% decrease in stability with similar trends at both scales as oil-swollen micelle diameter increased from 9.30 to 27.08 nm and concentration decreased over 80%. Decrease in micelle availability and micellar structuring effectiveness, with interaction effects, explains the impact of microemulsion on foam stability.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25
  • Cyclodextrin–PEG conjugate-wrapped magnetic ferrite nanoparticles for
           enhanced drug loading and release

    • Abstract: Magnetic nanoparticles are envisaged to overcome the impediments in the methods of targeted drug delivery and hence cure cancer effectively. We report herein, manganese ferrite nanoparticles, coated with β-cyclodextrin-modified polyethylene glycol as a carrier for the drug, camptothecin. The particles are of the size of ~ 100 nm and they show superparamagnetic behaviour. The saturation magnetization does not get diminished on polymer coverage of the nanoparticles. The β-cyclodextrin–polyethylene glycol conjugates are characterized using NMR and mass spectrometric techniques. By coating the magnetic nanoparticles with the cyclodextrin–tethered polymer, the drug-loading capacity is enhanced and the observed release of the drug is slow and sustained. The cell viability of HEK293 and HCT15 cells is evaluated and the cytotoxicity is enhanced when the drug is loaded in the polymer-coated magnetic nanoparticles. The noncovalent-binding based and enhanced drug loading on the nanoparticles and the sustained release make the nanocarrier a promising agent for carrying the payload to the target.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25
  • Multi-functional thin film coatings formed via nanogrinding

    • Abstract: Nanostructured thin films of silicon and titanium disilicide are produced using a nanoscale or colloidal grinding technique based on planetary ball milling in solution. High-purity micron-scale powders are dispersed in solvent and milled at 200–1000 rpm for 10 min to several hours. The resulting films are cast from solution on planar and curved surfaces with individual particle sizes reaching below 100 nm after approximately 45 min of grinding at 400 rpm. X-ray analysis and Raman spectroscopy shows that the crystalline structure of the starting materials is maintained following grinding, with carbon and oxygen species appearing, as grinding time is increased likely the result of surface reactions occurring during the milling process. Surface wettability measurements show the contact angle of nanostructured Si, and TiSi2 films can be tuned from approximately 10 to over 100 degrees resulting in hydrophobic or hydrophilic surfaces depending upon grinding time, speed and solvent. Two-terminal electronic transport data of the thin films show that electrical resistivity can be tuned by more than one order of magnitude depending on grinding conditions. In general, coatings created via nanogrinding possess unique and varied structural, surface, electrical and optical properties, which can be used for advanced multi-functional materials and devices.
      PubDate: 2018-05-24
  • Prolonged and continuous antibacterial and anti-biofilm activities of thin
           films embedded with gentamicin-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles

    • Abstract: The application of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) in drug delivery systems has become highly attractive since the early 2000s. In this study, thin-film coatings embedded with gentamicin-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN-G) were prepared to provide antibacterial and anti-biofilm activity over a prolonged period of time. The prolonged and continuous activity of MSN-G films against Staphylococcus aureus throughout the release period was studied via two methods, namely, (1) disc diffusion of released gentamicin and (2) by shifting the MSN-G thin film to a new agar plate at certain time intervals. The expansion of the inhibition zone from 4.6 ± 0.5 to 9.7 ± 0.5 mm as caused by the released fraction of gentamicin from the first week to the eighth week indicated the controlled and slow release behaviour of loaded antibiotic and prolonged antibacterial efficacy of these films. In addition, the appearance of an inhibition zone after each shifting of the film to a new agar plate was persistent up to 103 days which confirmed that thin films successively prevented bacterial growth over a long period of time. In addition, the anti-biofilm activity of MSN-G films was evaluated by imaging bacterial cells attachment via confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Remarkably, the anti-biofilm performance remained active for more than 2 months. To the best of our knowledge, such a slow and controlled release of antibiotic from nanoparticle embedded thin films with uninterrupted, continuous, and prolonged antibacterial effect for more than 2 months has not been reported yet.
      PubDate: 2018-05-24
  • Bimetallic redox nanoprobe enhances the therapeutic efficacy of
           hyperthermia in drug-resistant cancer cells

    • Abstract: Cancer nanotheranostics has emerged as one of the most promising fields of medicine wherein nano-sized molecules/agents are used for combined diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Despite promises of novel cancer therapeutic approaches, several crucial challenges have remained to be overcome for successful clinical translation of such agents. Hence, the present study has been aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of bimetallic gadolinium super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoformulation of ascorbic acid in synergism with hyperthermia on ascorbic acid-resistant breast cancer cells. This particular strategy provides real-time MRI-based non-invasive imaging of drug loading in resistant cancer cells along with highly enhanced therapeutic efficacy. This unique redox nanoprobe is capable of reversing drug-resistance mechanism in cancer cells and offers better therapeutic possibilities in targeted and effective destruction of drug-resistant cancer cells.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
  • Photocatalytic studies of electrochemically synthesized
           polysaccharide-functionalized ZnO nanoparticles

    • Abstract: The present work reports the electrochemical synthesis of polysaccharide-functionalized ZnO nanoparticles using sodium hydroxide, starch, and zinc electrodes for the degradation of cationic dye (Rhodamine-B) under sunlight. Physiochemical properties of synthesized sample have been characterized by different techniques such as XRD, TEM, FESEM, EDS, IR, and UV–visible spectroscopic techniques. The influence of various factors such as effect of dye concentration, contact time, amount of photocatalyst, and pH has been studied. The results obtained from the photodegradation study showed that degradation rate of Rhodamine-B dye has been increased with increase of amount of photocatalyst and decreased with increase in initial dye concentration. Furthermore, the kinetics of the degradation has been investigated. It has been found that the photodegradation of Rhodamine-B dye follows pseudo-first-order kinetics and prepared photocatalyst can effectively degrade the cationic dye. Thus, this ecofriendly and efficient photocatalyst can be used for the treatment of dye-contaminated water. This catalyst also showed the antibacterial activity against Bacillus pumilus and Escherichia coli bacterial strains, so the synthesized nanoparticles also have the pharmaceutical properties.
      PubDate: 2018-05-22
  • Surface modification of oxygen-deficient ZnO nanotubes by interstitially
           incorporated carbon: a superior photocatalytic platform for sustainable
           water and surface treatments

    • Abstract: An interesting architecture of robust, highly reproducible, template-free synthesis of phase pure carbon-incorporated short ZnO nanotubes through polymer assisted sol–gel method is presented here. These nanotubes exhibit enormous surface oxygen vacancies and mid bandgap levels confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. These carbon-modified nanotubes exhibit encouraging results in photocatalytic studies, as there is a 16% greater degradation of contaminant dye than in the pristine ZnO nanotube. The reactive oxygen species generated from the photocatalysts were experimentally confirmed and quantified. Super hydrophilic nature renders these nanotubes suitable for antifogging application as observed from contact angle measurements. Characterisation and mechanism of a competent material with improved photoresponse, promising greater energy efficiency and anti-fog have been described in this investigation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-22
  • Design and synthesis of a novel multifunctional stabilizer for highly
           stable dl -tetrahydropalmatine nanosuspensions and in vitro study

    • Abstract: The present study aimed to prepare stable dl-tetrahydropalmatine (dl-THP) nanosuspensions of optimized formulation with PEGylated chitosan as a multifunctional stabilizer using the antisolvent precipitation method. A central composite design project of three factors and five-level full factorial (53) was applied to design the experimental program, and response surface methodology analysis was used to optimize the experimental conditions. The effects of critical influencing factors such as PEGylated chitosan concentration, operational temperature, and ultrasonic energy on particle size and zeta potential were investigated. Under the optimization nanosuspension formulation, the particle size was 269 nm and zeta potential was at 37.4 mV. Also, the dl-THP nanosuspensions maintained good physical stability after 2 months, indicating the potential ability of the multifunctional stabilizer for stable nanosuspension formulation. Hence, the present findings indicated that PEGylated chitosan could be used as the ideal stabilizer to form a physically stable nanosuspension formulation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-22
  • Influence of solvents on the changes in structure, purity, and in vitro

    • Abstract: The present study is intended to produce high-purity zinc oxide nanoparticles from the leaves of Costus igneus and zinc acetate precursor via sustainable methods by the tribulation with three different solvents (hot water, methanol, and acetone) for the extraction of plant compounds. While examining the physico-chemical characteristics of ZnO nanoparticles incurred by the catalysis of plant bioactive compounds extracted from different solvents, the hot water extract-based green synthesis process yields higher purity (99.89%) and smaller particle size (94 nm) than other solvents. The optimization of the solvents used for the green synthesis of nanoparticles renders key identification in appropriate extraction of bioactive compounds suitable for the nucleation/production of nanoparticles in addition to annealing temperature. The impregnable usage of ZnO nanoparticles in clinical applications is further confirmed based on the treatment of particles (1–10 mg ml−1) against Gram-positive (S. aureus and S. epidermis) and Gram-negative bacteria (E. coli and K. pneumoniae) with respect to their growth inhibition. An in-force growth inhibition against particular S. aureus and S. epidermis imparted by the low concentration of ZnO nanoparticles signifies the utilization and consumption of green-synthesized high-purity nanoparticles for therapeutic and cosmetic applications.
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
  • Reduced graphene oxide aerogel networks with soft interfacial template for
           applications in bone tissue regeneration

    • Abstract: Reduced Graphene Oxide aerogels (A-RGO), functionalized with chitosan, were found to induce and/or accelerate the mineralization of hydroxyapatite. The functionalized chitosan acts as a soft interfacial template on the surface of A-RGO assisting the growth of hydroxyapatite particles. The mineralization on these soft aerogel networks was performed by soaking the aerogels in simulated body fluid, relative to time. Polymer-induced mineralization exhibited an ordered arrangement of hydroxyapatite particles on reduced graphene oxide aerogel networks with a higher crystalline index (IC) of 1.7, which mimics the natural bone formation indicating the importance of the polymeric interfacial template. These mineralized aerogels which mimic the structure and composition of natural bone exhibit relatively higher rate of cell proliferation, osteogenic differentiation and osteoid matrix formation proving it to be a potential scaffold for bone tissue regeneration.
      PubDate: 2018-05-18
  • Polarized luminescence of nc -Si–SiO x nanostructures on silicon
           substrates with patterned surface

    • Abstract: Polarization characteristics and spectra of photoluminescence (PL) of nc-Si–SiO x structures formed on the patterned and plane c-Si substrates are studied. The interference lithography with vacuum chalcogenide photoresist and anisotropic wet etching are used to form a periodic relief (diffraction grating) on the surface of the substrates. The studied nc-Si–SiO x structures were produced by oblique-angle deposition of Si monoxide in vacuum and the subsequent high-temperature annealing. The linear polarization memory (PM) effect in PL of studied structure on plane substrate is manifested only after the treatment of the structures in HF and is explained by the presence of elongated Si nanoparticles in the SiO x nanocolumns. But the PL output from the nc-Si–SiO x structure on the patterned substrate depends on how this radiation is polarized with respect to the grating grooves and is much less dependent on the polarization of the exciting light. The measured reflection spectra of nc-Si–SiO x structure on the patterned c-Si substrate confirmed the influence of pattern on the extraction of polarized PL.
      PubDate: 2018-05-15
  • Preparation, structural and luminescent properties of nanocrystalline ZnO
           films doped Ag by close space sublimation method

    • Abstract: The simple way for silver doping of ZnO films is presented. The ZnO films were prepared by reactive rf-magnetron sputtering on silicon and sapphire substrates. Ag doping is carried out by sublimation of the Ag source located at close space at atmospheric pressure in air. Then the ZnO and ZnO–Ag films were annealed in wet media. The microstructure and optical properties of the films were compared and studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL). XRD results indicated that all the ZnO films have a polycrystalline hexagonal structure and a preferred orientation with the c-axis perpendicular to the substrate. The annealing and Ag doping promote increasing grain’s sizes and modification of grain size distribution. The effect of substrate temperature, substrate type, Ag doping and post-growth annealing of the films was studied by PL spectroscopy. The effect of Ag doping was obvious and identical for all the films, namely the wide visible bands of PL spectra are suppressed by Ag doping. The intensity of ultraviolet band increased 15 times as compared to their reference films on sapphire substrate. The ultraviolet/visible emission ratio was 20. The full width at half maximum (FWHM) for a 380 nm band was 14 nm, which is comparable with that of epitaxial ZnO. The data implies the high quality of ZnO–Ag films. Possible mechanisms to enhance UV emission are discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-05-15
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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