Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2918 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (259 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (255 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (182 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1464 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (476 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (60 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (101 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (121 journals)

ENGINEERING (1464 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 448)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advanced Engineering Research     Open Access  
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Natural Sciences : Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Al-Nahrain Journal for Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
Al-Qadisiya Journal for Engineering Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AL-Rafdain Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Annals of Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annual Journal of Technical University of Varna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications in Energy and Combustion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applications in Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Engineering Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
AURUM : Mühendislik Sistemleri ve Mimarlık Dergisi = Aurum Journal of Engineering Systems and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Autocracy : Jurnal Otomasi, Kendali, dan Aplikasi Industri     Open Access  
Automotive and Engine Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Automotive Experiences     Open Access  
Automotive Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingenierías     Open Access  
Avances: Investigación en Ingeniería     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Beyond : Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Black Sea Journal of Engineering and Science     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers Droit, Sciences & Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Calphad     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Carbon Resources Conversion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carpathian Journal of Electronic and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cell Reports Physical Science     Open Access  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Population, Resources and Environment     Open Access  
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Coastal Engineering Proceedings : Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 334)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 275)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 311)
Composites Part C : Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 245)
Comptes Rendus : Mécanique     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 20)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Catalysis Surveys from Asia
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.973
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1574-9266 - ISSN (Online) 1571-1013
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2658 journals]
  • Polyoxometalates and Metal–Organic Frameworks Based Dual-Functional
           Catalysts for Detoxification of Bis(2-Chloroethyl) Sulfide and
           Organophosphorus Agents

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      Abstract: The bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide, commonly named sulfur mustard, as a vesicant agent and the tabun, sarin, soman, and venomous X as organophosphorus nerve agents are the most notorious, used, and threatening chemical warfare agents which contamination by them make serious health problems. The most efficient method for sulfur mustard detoxification is its selective oxidation to its corresponding sulfoxide, which is a nontoxic product. While for organophosphorus nerve agents, the best strategy is the hydrolysis of their P–X bond. Various mono-functional catalysts have been introducing regarding these methods. In other words, they are only able to selective oxidation of sulfur mustard or hydrolysis of organophosphorus nerve agents or their simulants. However, due to the unpredictable use of these chemical warfare agents, for human and environmental safety, there is a need for dual-functional catalysts capable of both the selective oxidation of sulfur mustard and hydrolysis of organophosphorus agents. In this regard, the reported dual-functional catalysts for oxidation of sulfur mustard and hydrolysis of organophosphorus agents, or their simulants, are reviewed here. These catalysts are mainly polyoxometalates and minorly metal-organic frameworks based catalysts. Graphic
      PubDate: 2021-09-25
       
  • A Review on Synthesis and Transformation of Ethanol into Olefins Using
           Various Catalysts

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      Abstract: Over the past couple of years, fossil fuel consumption has been increased significantly. Today the consumption of coal, natural gas, and oil is rising continuously worldwide. In contrast to fossil fuels, biofuels can be advantageous because of their eco-friendly behavior with the environment. Ethanol is the “green” substitute for gasoline, as it can be blended with gasoline or can be used for the production of lighter olefins (ethylene and propylene). Ethanol can be produced either by fermentation or by catalytic route from various sources such as sugar/starchy material, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and dimethylether. The catalytic route has emerged as the better route compared to fermentation due to the requirement of a large number of crops which is generally not suitable for every country. The study of ethanol synthesis and the catalytic transformation of ethanol to lighter olefins such as ethylene and propylene is presented in this review. The effect of catalysts such as zirconia, alumina, and zeolites in the ethanol transformation to olefins has been discussed in detail. Graphic
      PubDate: 2021-09-25
       
  • The Structure and Catalytic Properties of MoVTeNbO Catalysts Modified by
           Adding Cr, Fe, Ce and W

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      Abstract: Cr, Fe, Ce and W doped MoVTeNbO M2 phase catalysts were synthesized and used in the selective oxidation of propylene to acrylic acid (AA). Results show that the introduction of Cr, Fe, Ce and W substantially affects the physicochemical properties and catalytic performance of MoVTeNbO-based catalysts. Un-doped catalyst consists of M2 phase and TeO2, while Cr, Fe, Ce and W-doped catalysts are mainly composed of M2 and MoO3. It is indicated that doping of Cr, Fe, Ce and W can restrain the formation of TeO2, but favour the formation of MoO3. Un-doped, Cr and W-doped catalysts display irregular-shaped particles morphology, while Fe and Ce-doped catalysts display nanosheets morphology. In addition, the valence of superficial elements of catalysts changed greatly with the doping elements. For catalytic performance, in addition to Cr, the propylene conversion of the catalyst decreases obviously with doping of other elements, probably due to the drastically reduced specific surface area with doping of Fe, Ce and W. The existence of Cr and Ce can increase the selectivity to AA at all test temperatures (360–440 ℃), while Fe and W-doped catalysts only show higher selectivity than the un-doped one at high temperature of 420 and 440 ℃. It is illustrated that the catalysts with redox ability at relatively low temperature is more favorable for the selectivity to AA. Among them, Cr-doped catalyst shows the highest selectivity (85.3%) and yield (63.5%) of AA at test temperature of 380 ℃, which are 15.3 and 7.5% higher than that of un-doped catalyst, respectively. Graphic The M2 phase MoVTeNbO catalysts doped with Cr, Fe, Ce and W have been synthesized. It is demonstrated that the addition of Cr improves the stability of Te4+, and Cr-doped M2 phase shows excellent catalytic performance in the selective oxidation of propylene to acrylic acid.
      PubDate: 2021-09-20
       
  • Design of Water-Tolerant Solid Acids: A Trade-Off Between Hydrophobicity
           and Acid Strength and their Catalytic Performance in Esterification

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      Abstract: Water, as a byproduct in esterification, tends to adsorb on solid acid catalysts, causing loss of active components or decomposition of framework and thereby decreasing their reactivity and durability, while the development of water-tolerant solid acids is expected to solve these problems. In this review, the recent developments of major kinds of water-tolerant solid acids including zeolite, mesoporous silica, metal organic framework-based catalyst, magnetic nanoparticles, and polymeric catalyst are discussed in detail. Special attention has been paid to understand the role of hydrophobicity, acid strength, and structure of water-tolerant solid acids in catalytic performance and their stability. From the literature survey, it is found that despite the modified zeolites have a water contact angle as large as 160°, but their acid strength need to be improved and their small micropore sizes restrict their use in catalyzing the esterification of bulky molecules. In contrast, solid acids with abundant acid sites, suitable hydrophobicity, and abundant mesopores or macropores usually exhibit high activity and reusability. Among all the known solid acids, polystyrene-supported acidic ionic liquid catalysts (PS-CH2-[SO3H-pIM] [HSO4]) show a high yield of n-butyl acetate with 99.1% and high reusability of 13 times, which is a breakthrough over the traditional. This review aims to offer a comprehensive understanding for the water-tolerant solid acid catalysts in esterification. Graphic
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Dehydrogenation of Formic Acid in Liquid Phase over Pd Nanoparticles
           Supported on Reduced Graphene Oxide Sheets

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      Abstract: Reduced graphene oxide sheets (rGO) were used in this study to support Pd nanoparticles through soil-immobilization and impregnation methods. The catalysts were characterised using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Raman spectroscopy. These nanocatalysts were used as catalysts for the dehydrogenation of formic acid in liquid phase. The results showed that the Pd/rGO samples synthesised via the sol-immobilisation technique exhibited better catalytic activity (TOF = 910 h−1) than those synthesised by the impregnation technique (TOF = 506 h−1) because of the smaller size of Pd particles and higher Pd exposure of the catalysts synthesised by the first technique. The experimental outcomes showed that the graphene sheets provided remarkable support for Pd nanoparticles.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • The Effects of Surface Modification of ATP on the Performance of
           CeO2–WO3/TiO2 Catalyst for the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx with
           NH3

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      Abstract: A series of CeO2–WO3/20%ATP-TiO2 catalysts were synthesized, of which attapulgite (ATP) was modified by different methods. Notably, after ATP was dissociated and acidified, the catalyst synthesized by the impregnation method exhibited satisfactory performance for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) NOx with NH3. In more detail, the NO conversion could reach to 88% at 240 °C and maintain above 93% in the temperature range of 280–400 °C. Subsequently, the NO conversion of the best catalyst could keep above 80% after introducing H2O and SO2, so this catalyst also had strong tolerance to H2O and SO2 performance. Besides, the results of XRD, XPS, TEM characterizations suggested that the high dispersion of active species cerium and tungsten on the surface of ATP, which played an important role in improving the SCR performance of the catalyst. In short, the surface dissociation and surface acidification of a small amount of ATP carrier can improve the catalyst catalytic performance, so it will have a broad application prospect in SCR reaction.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Organic Reactions Using Clay and Clay-Supported Catalysts: A Survey of
           Recent Literature

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      Abstract: Clays and modified or supported clays have become some of the widely used catalysts for a variety of organic reactions, due to their easy structural modifications and activation, low-cost, eco-friendly nature, ready availability, ability to act as acidic or basic catalyst without being corrosive. The present review is a survey of the literature dealing with most of the important work on clay catalysed organic reactions published during the period 2011–2020, and is a sequel to our previous review covering the literature of 2001–2010. The review consists of various segments starting with introduction that briefly mentions the structure and modification of clay minerals, particularly the most widely used montmorillonite, followed by organic reactions such as condensation, addition, substitution, elimination, reduction, oxidation, wastewater remediation, biodiesel synthesis and a few miscellaneous reactions that are accomplished using these catalysts. Among these, biodiesel synthesis and remediation are widely investigated transformations, and find practical applications. Graphical
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Synthesis of Highly-Dispersed Ni/Mesoporous Silica via an Ammonia
           Evaporation Method for Dry Reforming of Methane: Effect of the Ni Loadings
           

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      Abstract: Mesoporous silica was used in conjunction with the ammonia evaporation method to prepare highly dispersed Ni catalysts for the dry reforming of methane (DRM). The effect of Ni dispersion on the catalytic performance was investigated by applying different Ni loadings. The pore structure, morphology, Ni dispersion, catalytic activity for DRM as well as the coke resistance were investigated. During the reaction at a relatively low temperature of 600 °C, all the three catalysts exhibited high stability in CH4 and CO2 conversion and excellent coke resistance, in comparison to Ni/SiO2 catalyst prepared by the incipient wetness method. Among them, 10% Ni–SiO2 exhibited the best catalytic performance with the maximum steady conversions of 62% and 69% for CH4 and CO2 at 600 °C, which was beneficial from its optimal Ni content and the presence of highly-dispersed metal nanoparticles confined in the mesopores.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Morphology Controllable Fabrication of Tungsten Oxide for Enhanced
           Photocatalytic Performance

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      Abstract: Exploring the morphology-property relationship is an important role in addressing the mechanism of hydrogen production. In this work, WO3 photocatalysts with different morphology were prepared via a solvothermal method. Our first prepared porous WO3 with the exposed (100) crystal plane, the WO3 porous nano disk demonstrates a better photocatalytic activity, which is higher than the WO3 nanorod, WO3 nanoflower and WO3 nano block. Further characterizations indicate the WO3 porous nano disk exhibits high absorption capacity and active lattice structure. Meanwhile, with the introduction of non-noble metal Ni as the co-catalyst, the photocatalytic H2 evolution was enhanced. This work reveals the importance of regulating surface atomic configuration and catalytic active sites, opens a new avenue for the development of solar-driven water splitting.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Acid Gas Converting to Organosulfur and Hydrogen in Methanol Thiolation
           Using Alkali Promoted Catalysts: Case Study

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      Abstract: An acid gas stream was utilized instead of pure H2S as feedstock in the methanol thiolation reaction with Alkali/W/γ-Al2O3 catalysts. The catalysts were synthesized through incipient wetness impregnation and characterized by XRD, BET, and NH3-TPD methods. The catalytic tests were performed in a fixed-bed flow reactor for an acid gas with 12.2%mol. H2S at atmospheric pressure, 360 °C, H2S to methanol molar ratio of 2, and LHSV of 0.5 h−1. The results were then compared with the case in which pure H2S was used as feedstock. H2S conversion was lower in the acid gas feed than in pure H2S feed due to participation of catalysts in hydrocarbon reforming reactions. Cesium-promoted catalysts gave the best results. H2S in acid gas was converted about 92.8%. The yields were reported about 87.3% and 5.5% for dimethyl sulfide and methanethiol as organosulfur products respectively. The amount of hydrogen increased by about 110% in the reactor outlet.
      PubDate: 2021-08-30
       
  • Acidity, Crystallite Size and Pore Structure as Key Factors Influencing
           1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene Hydrodealkylation Performance of NiMoS/ZSM-5

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      Abstract: NiMoS supported on ZSM-5 with different Si/Al ratio, crystallite size and pore structure was prepared by incipient impregnation method and applied in 1, 3, 5-trimethylbenzene (1, 3, 5-TMB) hydrodealkylation (HDAK). The physicochemical properties of samples were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, N2 adsorption–desorption, NH3-TPD, Py-FTIR, H2-TPR, HRTEM and TGA. It is demonstrated that for microporous NiMoS/ZSM-5, acid amount and crystallite size of HZSM-5 are key factors affecting HDAK performance. The larger acid amount and smaller crystallite size can promote the conversion of 1, 3, 5-TMB, especially the dealkylation reaction, resulting in higher BTX yield. Compared to NiMoZ-3, mesopores in micro-mesoporous NiMoAKZ-3 are beneficial to accessibility of 1, 3, 5-TMB to NiMoS and acid sites in close proximity, and the diffusion of reactant and product molecules inside pores, thus resulting in superior HDAK performance of NiMoAKZ-3. Moreover, the reaction network of 1, 3, 5-TMB HDAK was revealed according to product distribution. Graphic NiMoS supported on ZSM-5 was developed for heavy aromatic hydrodealkylation (HDAK). Acid amount and crystallite size of microporous ZSM-5 are key factors affecting 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (1,3,5-TMB) HDAK. Mesopores inside ZSM-5 facilitate accessibility of 1,3,5-TMB to NiMoS and acid sites in close proximity and improve HDAK performance.
      PubDate: 2021-08-27
       
  • Amorphous Manganese–Cobalt Nanosheets as Efficient Catalysts for
           Hydrogen Evolution Reaction (HER)

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      Abstract: A facile and efficient electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) to produce hydrogen is very important for future energy. In this paper, amorphous manganese–cobalt nanosheets are successfully prepared by electrospinning on a foamed nickel substrate. It is found that the manganese (Mn) introduction in manganese–cobalt composites can simultaneously enhance their electrocatalytic performances. As a result, benefitting from the 3D structure, the self-supported Mn–Co hydroxides exhibits unprecedented HER activity with a relatively low overpotential of 100 mV at 10 mA cm−2 and has a possibility for the large-scale production of hydrogen. Graphic Amorphous PVP/Mn4Co nanofibers formed by electrospinning on Ni foam (NF) has remarkable catalytic activity and stability for HER after operation for 6 h in 1 M KOH, with a low overpotential of 0.1 V at 100 mA cm−2, a low Tafel slope of 65.4 mV dec−1.
      PubDate: 2021-08-18
       
  • Ni/LaBO3 (B = Al, Cr, Fe) Catalysts for Steam Reforming of Methane
           (SRM): On the Interaction Between Ni and LaBO3 Perovskites with Differed
           Fine Structures

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      Abstract: With the target to fabricate more feasible catalysts for SRM to produce hydrogen, the interaction between Ni and LaBO3 (B = Al, Cr and Fe) perovskite supports with different B-sites has been explored. To avoid the formation of big Ni grains, the Ni loading is intentionally set as low as 2 wt%. XRD and Raman results revealed that the three LaBO3 supports are composed of pure perovskite phase, but have differed fine crystal structures. While LaFeO3 and LaCrO3 can be indexed to the orthorhombic perovskite phase, LaAlO3 can be indexed to the hexagonal phase. H2-TPR and XPS results have validated that NiO has varied interfacial interactions with the LaBO3 supports through partial electron transfer from the supports to Ni. As a consequence, the active metallic Ni surface areas are in the order of 2%Ni/LaAlO3 > 2%Ni/LaCrO3 > 2%Ni/LaFeO3, well consistent with the reaction performance. Furthermore, by varying the B-site element, the abundance of the active surface oxygen species (mainly O22−) is varied, obeying the sequence of 2%Ni/LaCrO3 > 2%Ni/LaAlO3 > 2%Ni/LaFeO3, well consistent with the anti-coking ability of the catalysts. It is discovered that the change of the fine crystal structure of LaBO3 supports can influence the SRM performance of the 2%Ni/LaBO3 catalysts evidently. The reaction performance of the catalysts is mainly determined by the active Ni surface area, but the anti-coking ability is majorly decided by the amount of active oxygen species.
      PubDate: 2021-08-17
       
  • Techniques for Overcoming Sulfur Poisoning of Catalyst Employed in
           Hydrocarbon Reforming

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      Abstract: Sulfur poisoning of catalyst is a well-known phenomenon observed during the production of syngas (CO + H2). The presence of traces of sulfur content in the feedstock can drastically reduce the catalyst activity and life. Several measures have been developed over the years to mitigate the catalyst deactivation process due to sulfur poisoning. In this paper, we review literature from 1996-present related to all the developments made for sulfur-resistant systems. The basis of poisoning being the sulfur content in the feedstock, potential fuel-containing feedstocks for syngas production were briefly discussed. The basics of sulfur poisoning mechanisms are also summarized. Then, a framework consisting of sulfur tolerance methodologies were discussed. In particular, we have discussed: (i) catalyst development by altering catalyst composition and support systems, (ii) influence of using catalyst structures, (iii) process modifications and optimization, (iv) desulfurization techniques for removal of sulfur from feed and/or product streams, and (v) effective catalyst regeneration techniques to extend the catalyst life. This review emphasizes the integration of the best set of methods to develop sulfur tolerance strategies.
      PubDate: 2021-08-07
       
  • Amine-Iodine Adducts as Simple but Effective Catalysts for the Synthesis
           of Organic Carbonates from Epoxides and CO2

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      Abstract: New catalysts prepared by simple mixing of molecular iodine and inexpensive monodonor amines can efficiently catalyze the coupling of CO2 with different epoxides at moderate temperatures (60–90 °C), pressures (10–56 atm) and low (0.25–0.5 mol %) catalytic loading. The molecular systems can be considered as the simplest and most inexpensive catalyst for the reactions. Graphic
      PubDate: 2021-08-06
       
  • Coupling of Propane with CO2 to Propylene Catalyzed by V–Fe Modified
           KIT-6 Zeolites

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      Abstract: Propane dehydrogenation to propene is an endothermic reaction and CO2 hydrogenation to light olefins is an exothermic reaction. Using the CO2 hydrogenation reaction to consume the hydrogen from the propane dehydrogenation reaction, which is more favorable to propylene formation. A new method for coupling propane and CO2 to propylene is presented. The V–Fe modified KIT-6 was prepared by the ultrasonic-assisted impregnation method and used for coupling reaction of propane with CO2 to propylene. Exploring the relationship between catalytic properties and physicochemical characteristics through several characterization methods. As the appropriate amounts of V and Fe species were introduced into the framework of KIT-6, V–Fe modified KIT-6 performed large specific surface area, a highly ordered mesoporous structure and highly dispersed V and Fe active sites. The catalysis performance of V–Fe modified KIT-6 zeolites for production of propylene by propane dehydrogenation, CO2 hydrogenation and coupling reaction of C3H8 with CO2 was compared. Under the conditions of C3H8/CO2/N2 = 1:4:5, total flow rate = 20 mL/min, the temperature at 580 °C, the reaction pressure at 0.1 MPa, V/Fe molar ratio = 2 and the catalyst mass of 0.2 g, the propane conversion, propylene selectivity and yield are 37.8%, 87.0% and 32.9%, respectively. Graphic
      PubDate: 2021-06-08
       
  • Syndiospecific Styrene Polymerization Catalyzed by [OSNO]-Type
           Bis(Phenolato) Titanium Complexes: A Study of the Complex Structures and
           DFT Application on the Initiation Process

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      Abstract: The single-crystal structures of imine-thioethanediyl-bridged [OSNO]-type bis(phenolato) titanium dichloro complexes were first characterized. Upon activation with appropriate aluminum compound cocatalysts, the resultant titanium complexes were moderately active towards syndiospecific styrene polymerization. Resonance signals of titanium (III) have been detected in catalytic systems of syndiospecific styrene polymerization by electron paramagnetic resonance, proving the actual active species was cationic titanium (III) complexes. Next, using the cationic titanium complexes [OSNO]Ti+-CH3 hypothetically as active species for exemplifying the initiation step of polymerization of styrene, density functional theory studies related to styrene insertion have been performed on two model molecules. In both cases, the pathway of 2, 1-insertion of styrene came out to be more favorable thermodynamically and kinetically. Moreover, the spacial repulsions among the bulky phenolato groups and the phenyl group of the incoming styrene are believed to be controlling the complexes’ reactivity.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
  • Photodegradation of Organic Pollutants Via Carbon Nitride/Graphene-Oxide
           Nanocomposite Loaded on Polyacrylic Acid Hydrogel with Free Separation

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      Abstract: The small size of nano-photocatalyst powders is a limiting factor during the filtration process after waste water treatment. In order to solve this separation issue, graphitic carbon nitride (CN) and graphene-oxide (GO) nanoparticles were loaded on polyacrylic acid (PAA) to fabricate CN/GO/PAA (CGP) composite hydrogel. The hydrogel exhibited adsorption-photocatalytsis synergy ability to remove methylene blue (MB) and rhodamine B (RhB) with visible-light irradiation. During adsorption process in dark, the adsorption capability of CGP hydrogel to MB (20 mg L−1) and RhB (10 mg L−1) could reach to 18.4 and 18.9 mg g−1, respectively. Furthermore, CGP 1 hydrogel demonstrated excellent photodegradation capabilities in 30 min irradiation for MB. The reusability of CGP 1 hydrogel was stable in 3 times application for MB, with photodegradation efficiency over 98.0% for each time. The retention rates of CGP 1 kept relatively stable (about 96.0%) for MB purification. However, the photocatalytic capability for RhB declined for 3 times runs. This may due to RhB molecule two-dimensional planar structure causing greater steric hindrance during transfer process into the hydrogels and the surface charges of the hydrogel adsorbent were reduced in acid environment, which were unfavorable for the removal of positively charged RhB. Moreover, swelling behavior was also systematically evaluated. The effects of GO or CN to the swelling ratio was discussed. CGP hydrogel, which combines characteristics of both photocatalysts and polymers, provides reasonable stability and freely separation without using any filter system to solve the separation issue. Graphic
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
  • Amine‐Functionalized SBA-15 Supported Ru Nanocatalyst for the
           Hydrogenation CO2 to Formic Acid

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      Abstract: The gradual rise in CO2 emission urged the search for different techniques not only to capture the CO2 gas but also transform the same in useful chemicals such as formic acid. In the present study, we established an effective protocol to support Ru NPs on amine-functionalized SBA-15 mesoporous silica and further utilized them as catalysts for the direct hydrogenation of CO2 gas into the formic acid. The presence of organoamine groups around the Ru NPs plays a significant role to stabilize the Ru NPs followed by strong metal-molecular support interaction (between Ru NPs and SBA-15) and delivering the improved catalytic activities for the easy CO2 reduction into the formic acid formation. We reported a comprehensive study on the impacts of various amine groups on the catalytic performance of amine-functionalized SBA-15 supported Ru catalysts for formic acid formation. We also demonstrated a comprehensive study of different amine groups on the catalytic performance of ultrafine uniformly dispersed Ru NPs over mesoporous SBA-15 support. The effect of various compositional and steric properties of amine groups on the size/distribution of the Ru NPs were closely studied and correlated with their catalytic performance in the CO2 hydrogenation reaction. We successfully recycled the catalysts up to five runs with good catalytic activity.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
  • Investigation of Different Apatites-Supported Co3O4 as Catalysts for N2O
           Decomposition

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      Abstract: Two types of apatite supports including hydroxyapatite (HAP) and fluorapatite (FAP) were prepared by the co-precipitation method. Supported Co catalysts with the above carriers were synthesized from Co(NO3)2·6H2O via the impregnation method. The catalytic activity for N2O decomposition was investigated using a continuous flowing microreactor system. The catalytic results demonstrated that the Co/HAP exhibited more excellent catalytic activity as well as the impurity gas (H2O, O2, and NO) resistance capability than the Co/FAP in the temperature range of 300–600 °C. Furthermore, the physicochemical properties of Co/HAP and Co/FAP were determined by several relevant characterization methods. The obtained experimental results revealed that Co/HAP possessed larger specific surface area, more ion-exchanged Co2+ and stronger oxygen desorption capacity than Co/FAP, which are the key factors for high N2O decomposition activity. Moreover, compared with Co/FAP, Co/HAP has not only more basic content, but also higher basic site density, which may be also conducive to enhance the electron donating ability of Co2+, thereby promoting the N2O catalytic decomposition. Graphic
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
 
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