Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2677 journals)
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ENGINEERING (1308 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 601 - 800 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Quality Assurance in Engineering and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Quality Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Quantum Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT     Open Access  
International Journal of Reliability, Quality and Safety Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Science and Innovative Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Science Engineering and Advance Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Sediment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Six Sigma and Competitive Advantage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Social Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Space Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Speech Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Student Project Reporting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Surface Engineering and Interdisciplinary Materials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Lighting     Open Access  
International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Systems and Service-Oriented Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Systems Assurance Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Technoethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Thermal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Transportation Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Ultra Wideband Communications and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Vehicle Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Vehicle Information and Communication Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Vehicle Noise and Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Vehicle Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Virtual Technology and Multimedia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution and Information Processing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems     Open Access  
International Nano Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
International Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 130)
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
International Scientific Journal of Engineering and Technology (ISJET)     Open Access  
Inventions     Open Access  
Inventum     Open Access  
Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Ionics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IPTEK The Journal for Technology and Science     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
IRBM News     Full-text available via subscription  
Ironmaking & Steelmaking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ISA Transactions     Full-text available via subscription  
ISSS Journal of Micro and Smart Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IT Professional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Iteckne     Open Access  
J-ENSITEC : Journal Of Engineering and Sustainable Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Johnson Matthey Technology Review     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced College of Engineering and Management     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Joining Processes     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Aerosol Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Journal of Alloys and Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Analytical Sciences, Methods and Instrumentation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Engineering Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Applied Research and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Architectural and Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Architectural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Automation and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Biological Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Biomolecular NMR     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Pathology and Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Catalyst & Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Central South University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of China Coal Society     Open Access  
Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Cleaner Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Coastal and Riverine Flood Risk (JCRFR)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cold Regions Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Combinatorial Designs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Combustion     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Computational Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Computational Design and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computational Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Coupled Systems and Multiscale Dynamics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Delta Urbanism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Display Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electroceramics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Electronic Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electrostatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Energy Resources Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering and Applied Science     Open Access  
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Engineering Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Engineering Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Engineering Research and Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Engineering Technology and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Engineering Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management     Open Access  
Journal of Environmental & Engineering Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Environmental Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Fire Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Flood Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fluids Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Fourier Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Functional Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Geological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Geotechnical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Geovisualization and Spatial Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University     Open Access  
Journal of Hazardous Materials Advances     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Industrial Safety Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Inequalities and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Infrastructure Preservation and Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Systems : Theory and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of International Maritime Safety, Environmental Affairs, and Shipping     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Iron and Steel Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of KONBiN     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Management in Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Manufacturing Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mechanical Design and Testing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mechatronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mega Infrastructure & Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Mining Institute     Open Access  
Journal of Motor Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Multivariate Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanomanufacturing     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanoparticle Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nanoscience     Open Access  
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of NanoScience, NanoEngineering & Applications     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)

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Journal of Nanotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.306
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-9503 - ISSN (Online) 1687-9511
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Immobilization of Urease onto Nanochitosan Enhanced the Enzyme Efficiency:
           Biophysical Studies and in Vitro Clinical Application on Nephropathy
           Diabetic Iraqi Patients

    • Abstract: Immobilization of enzymes is an effective method for improving the properties and applications of modern enzymes. There are several supports for enzyme immobilization. Because of its unique features, such as inertness and high surface area, chitosan was widely used to immobilize enzymes. Immobilization of urease onto chitosan is a promising approach to treating high urea levels in the blood, however, the immobilization conditions for the best kinetics and enzyme efficiency are still challenging. Herein, we tried to immobilize urease onto nanochitosan (chitosan NPs) through a cross-linker and study the kinetics (km and values) and thermodynamics (Ea, ∆H, ∆S, and ∆G) parameters of the enzyme reaction before and after immobilization at different substrate concentration (50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 mg/dl) and incubation temperature (15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40°C) under selected optimum conditions. The immobilized urease chitosan NPs was characterized in our previous work using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Atomic force microscopy (AFM), and imaged here by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results revealed that the highest efficiency % of immobilization (70.38%) was observed at 750 mg/ml chitosan NPs and phosphate buffer pH 7 at 40°C. With an increase of Km value for the immobilized enzyme, however, the efficiency of the enzyme was significantly higher than the free enzyme, . In addition, the activation energy of the reaction catalyzed by the immobilized enzyme was lower than that of the free enzyme, which suggests that the active site geometry of the immobilized enzyme was more favorable to accommodate the substrate and thus required less energy than that of the free enzyme. The reaction was endothermic by means of positive ∆H. The immobilized urease enzyme was in vitro applied to blood samples of Iraq nephropathy diabetic patients (n = 35) to investigate the effect on serum urease activity and urea level compared to healthy volunteers. Interestingly, the activity of serum urease significantly increased after adding the immobilized enzyme and the level of urea significantly decreased () by ∼1.5 folds. Thus, applying an immobilized urease to remove urea from blood could be effective in the blood detoxification or dialysis regeneration system of artificial kidney machines.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Jun 2022 19:05:01 +000
       
  • Change of Optical Properties of Carbon-Doped Silicon Nanostructures under
           the Influence of a Pulsed Electron Beam

    • Abstract: In the work, porous silicon with observed photoluminescence was made from a p-type silicon substrate doped with boron and crystallographic orientation (100) using the method of electrochemical etching in a solution containing H2(SiF6) (silicon hydrofluoric acid) and ethyl alcohol. Thin carbon films were sprayed by high-frequency magnetron sputtering at room temperature onto the surface of porous silicon. The resulting carbon-doped thin films of porous silicon were irradiated on a pulsed electron booster and comparisons were made with nonirradiated films of porous silicon. To understand the effect of carbon on the properties of porous silicon films samples were analyzed by Raman spectroscopy, spectrophotometry, and scanning probe microscopy (SPM). The results of the SPM showed that the roughness of the samples increases after carbon doping on the surface of porous silicon. Thus, for the first time, experimental results were obtained on the effect of irradiation on carbon-doped porous silicon obtained in a solution containing hydrogen hexafluorosilicate H2(SiF6) and a significant change in its optical properties was shown. The results of the study showed that irradiated samples of carbon-doped porous silicon have better photoluminescence compared to nonirradiated samples.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 May 2022 05:50:03 +000
       
  • A Perspective Review on Thermal Conductivity of Hybrid Nanofluids and
           Their Application in Automobile Radiator Cooling

    • Abstract: Hybrid nanofluids developed with the fusion or suspension of two or more different nanoparticles in a mixture as a novel heat transfer fluid are currently of interest to researchers due to their proven better measured thermal conductivities. Several reviewed articles exist on the thermal conductivity of hybrid nanofluids, a vital property for which the heat transfer rate is directly dependent. This review aims to understand the current developments in hybrid nanofluids and their applications. An extensive literature survey was carried out of heuristic-based articles published in the last 15 years. The review reiterates topical research on the preparation methods and ways to improve the stability of readied fluid, thermophysical properties of mixture nanofluids, and some empirical correlations developed for estimating thermal conductivity. Hybrid nanofluid studies on heat transfer performance in automobile radiator cooling systems were also obtained and discussed. The review’s significant findings include the following: (1) hybrid nanofluids produce a noticeable thermal conductivity enhancement and a relatively higher heat transfer coefficient than mono nanofluids and regular liquids. Furthermore, through the uniform dispersion and stable suspension of nanoparticles in the host liquids, the maximum possible thermal augmentation can be obtained at the lowest possible concentrations (by
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 10:50:03 +000
       
  • Impact of Deacetylation Degree on Properties of Chitosan for Formation of
           Electrosprayed Nanoparticles

    • Abstract: Biopolymer of natural origin as chitosan has been studied and applied widely in practice. In the pharmaceutical field, especially, chitosan nanoparticles have been researched for a variety of drug delivery systems. There are many factors influencing the success of the chitosan nanoparticle delivery system. Therein, the specific parameters to the physicochemical nature of chitosan greatly determine the efficiency of its drugs carrier. The degree of deacetylation (DD) of chitosan is one of those parameters. In this study, the influence of DD on chitosan properties was clarified to facilitate the preparation of nanoparticles by the electrospraying method. DD can affect the solubility, crystallinity, and surface tension of chitosan, but it cannot strongly impact the viscosity of chitosan solution as much as the molecular weight (Mv). From these results, M3 chitosan, owning a high DD of 86.70%, and crystalline index of 44%, was dissolved in acetic acid for the collection of electrosprayed nanoparticles. The M3 solution having low viscosity of under 50 mm2/s displayed the easy adjustment of the stable Taylor-cone droplet at the nozzle tip. Particularly, the M3 chitosan solution with a concentration of 1.5 wt.% in acetic acid of 90 wt.% concentration operated at the working condition of 12 kV voltage, a distance between the two electrodes of 10 cm created spherical particles with an average diameter of 338 nm, narrow size distribution. These chitosan nanoparticles can obtain the initial requirement for application as injectable drugs carrier.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 May 2022 04:50:01 +000
       
  • Nanotechnology Role Development for COVID-19 Pandemic Management

    • Abstract: The global outbreak of coronavirus disease has sent an ominous message to the field of innovative and advanced technology research and development (COVID-19). To accomplish this, convectional technology and recent discoveries can be combined, or new research directions can be opened up using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology can be used to prevent, diagnose, and treat SARS-CoV-2 infection. As the pandemic spreads, a thorough examination of nanomaterials' role in pandemic response is highly desirable. According to this comprehensive review article, nanotechnology can be used to prevent, diagnose, and treat COVID-19. This research will be extremely useful during the COVID-19 outbreak in terms of developing rules for designing nanostructure materials to combat the outbreak.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 May 2022 09:05:01 +000
       
  • Electrochemically Effective Surface Area of a Polyaniline Nanowire-Based
           Platinum Microelectrode and Development of an Electrochemical DNA Sensor

    • Abstract: Electrochemical DNA sensors based on nanocomposite materials of polyaniline nanowires (PANi NWs) have been published in the literature. However, it is interesting that there are very few research studies related to the development of electrochemical DNA sensors based on PANi NWs individually. In this study, PANi NWs were synthesized site-specifically on a Pt microelectrode with only 0.785 mm2 area using an electropolymerization procedure. The electrosynthesis allows direct deposition of PANi NWs onto the Pt microelectrode in a rapid and cost-effective way. The good properties of PANi NWs including uniform size, uniform distribution throughout the Pt working electrode, and H2SO4 doping which improved the conductivity of the PANi material were obtained. Especially, the electrochemically effective surface area of the PANi NW-based Pt microelectrode determined in this work is nearly 19 times larger than that of the Pt working electrode. The PANi NW layer with large electrochemically effective surface area and high biocompatibility is consistent with the application in electrochemical DNA sensors. The fabricated DNA sensors show advantages such as simple fabrication, direct detection, high sensitivity (with the detection limit of 2.48 × 10−14 M), good specificity, and low sample volume requirement. This study also contributes to confirm the role of PANi NWs in DNA probe immobilization as well as in electrochemical signal transmission in the development of electrochemical DNA sensors.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 May 2022 10:50:03 +000
       
  • Emerging Roles of Green-Synthesized Chalcogen and Chalcogenide
           Nanoparticles in Cancer Theranostics

    • Abstract: The last few decades have seen an overwhelming increase in the amount of research carried out on the use of inorganic nanoparticles. More fascinating is the tremendous progress made in the use of chalcogen and chalcogenide nanoparticles in cancer theranostics. These nanomaterials, which were initially synthesized through chemical methods, have now been efficiently produced using different plant materials. The paradigm shift towards the biogenic route of nanoparticle synthesis stems from its superior advantages of biosafety, eco-friendliness, and simplicity, among others. Despite a large number of reviews available on inorganic nanoparticle synthesis through green chemistry, there is currently a dearth of information on the green synthesis of chalcogens and chalcogenides for cancer research. Nanoformulations involving chalcogens such as sulfur, selenium, and tellurium and their respective chalcogenides have recently emerged as promising tools in cancer therapeutics and diagnosis. Similar to other inorganic nanoparticles, chalcogens and chalcogenides have been synthesized using plant extracts and their purified biomolecules. In this review, we provide an up-to-date discussion of the recent progress that has been made in the plant-mediated synthesis of chalcogens and chalcogenides with a special focus on their application in cancer theranostics.
      PubDate: Thu, 12 May 2022 11:20:02 +000
       
  • Role of Nanobiotechnology Towards Agri-Food System

    • Abstract: The major challenge of modern agriculture is to satisfy actual and future global food demands efficiently. This great challenge requires combined efforts to preserve natural resources to support intensive agriculture while limiting detrimental impacts on the environment. One of these efforts is using nanobiotechnology. Nanobiotechnology is the application of nanotechnology in biological science. Nanotechnology is the science of manipulating materials at the nanoscale (1 nm = 10ˉ⁹ m). This review summarizes the potential of nanobiotechnology for its importance in increasing yield in agriculture and providing consumers with quality and contamination-free food. In the agriculture sector, nanobiotechnology is necessarily used as fertilizers (nanofertilizers) for crop yield improvement, pesticides (nanopesticides) for crop protection, and nanobiosensors for the detection of crop pathogens, soil conditions, and vegetation conditions, Similarly, intelligent food packaging, and detection of pathogens, adulterants, and toxins in food are its importance in the food sector.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 07:20:03 +000
       
  • Graphene Oxide Nanoadsorbent for the Removal of Fluoride Ion from
           Groundwater: Adsorbent Performance and Adsorption Mechanism

    • Abstract: The deterioration of the quality of groundwater by fluoride is the cause of shortage of drinking water supply in the rift valley region. Most people living in the rural areas are using groundwater as the source of their potable water; however, it is contaminated with high concentrations of fluoride ion above the permissible level. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the adsorption of fluoride from groundwater by graphene oxide (GO) under specific conditions, such as: agitation rate of 120 rpm, contact time of 90 minutes, adsorbent dosage of 0.42 mg/L, initial fluoride concentration of 10 mg/L, and pH of 6.8. The result obtained showed 99.3% fluoride removal from the NaF prepared solution and 91.6% fluoride removal from the real sample. The retained properties of GO after adsorption observed on UV–Vis analysis confirmed that the adsorbent can be recyclable. The result obtained also showed that the adsorption kinetics with the coefficient of determination (R2) for pseudo-second order (SSO) and pseudo-first order (SFO) were 0.99 and 0.96, respectively. Based on these results, the adsorption of fluoride onto GO is a pseudo-second-order kinetics type. According to the result, the Freundlich isotherm model showed a good fit to the experiment with R2 (0.99). The adsorption capacity of the adsorbent was found to be 301.43 mg/g. Hence, this study showed that GO is the preferred adsorbent for the removal of fluoride from groundwater.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 10:35:01 +000
       
  • Synthesis, Characterization, and Evaluation of the Remediation Activity of
           Cissus quadrangularis Zinc Oxide Nanoparticle-Activated Carbon Composite
           on Dieldrin in Aqueous Solution

    • Abstract: In this study, zinc oxide-activated carbon nanocomposite was used as the adsorbent for the remediation of dieldrin in aqueous media. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZNPs) were synthesized from Cissus quadrangularis (C. quadrangularis) leaf extract, and activated carbon was derived from maize cobs. Nanocomposites were formulated by mixing the ZNPs with the activated carbon in a ratio of 1 : 50. The UV-Vis spectra showed a complete reduction of Zn2+ to Zn0 with plasmon resonance bands in the range of 361–376 nm, which is a characteristic of ZNPs. The SEM images of ZNPs showed hexagonal-shaped particles of 15–20 nm, with face-centered cubic crystals, as demonstrated by XRD analysis. FTIR results showed absorption bands in the ranges 3500–3100 cm−1 (N-H stretch), 3400–2400 cm−1 (O-H stretch), 988–830 cm−1 (C-H bend), 1612 cm−1 (C=C stretch), 400–600 cm−1 (Zn-O stretch), and 1271 cm−1 (C-O bend). Batch adsorption experiments were performed using 20 ml of dieldrin solution at varying pH values (1–14), concentrations (5–100 ppm), temperatures (293–323 K), adsorbent dosages (0.01–0.12 g), and contact times (30–180 minutes) to determine the optimum conditions. The calculated thermodynamic parameters (ΔH°, ΔS°, and ΔG°) indicated that the adsorption was spontaneous and exothermic in nature, implying decreasing randomness of dieldrin molecules at the solid-liquid interface. The isotherm and adsorption kinetics for the composite showed that the absorption process followed Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetics. Adsorption capacities of the nanoparticles, activated carbon, and nanocomposite at a reaction time of 120 minutes and pH of 7 were 3.72 ± 0.068 mg/g, 3.92 ± 0.061 mg/g, and 4.0 ± 0.102 mg/g, respectively, with corresponding percentage removals of 93.12 ± 0.044, 98.04 ± 0.044, and 99.76 ± 0.332. Thus, the nanocomposite exhibited a better sorbing potential for dieldrin in solution than activated carbon. This study recommends testing the remediation potential of the synthesized nanocomposite on other persistent organic pollutants.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Apr 2022 05:50:02 +000
       
  • Optical Investigation of p-GaAs/i-GaN0.38yAs1-1.38ySby/n-GaAs Quantum
           Wells Emitters

    • Abstract: We have studied the 1.55 μm optical properties of p-GaAs/i-GaN0.38yAs1-1.38ySby/n-GaAs quantum wells using a self-consistent calculation combined with the anticrossing model. We have found that the increase of injected carriers’ density induces the increase of optical gain and radiative current density. The rise of doping density causes a blue shift of the fundamental transition energy accompanied with significant increase of optical gain. The quantum-confined Stark effect on radiative current density is also studied. The variation of radiative current as function of well width and Sb composition is also examined. In order to operate the emission wavelength at the optical fiber telecommunication domain, we have adjusted the well parameters of p-GaAs/i-GaN0.38yAs1-1.38ySby/n-GaAs.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 05:20:02 +000
       
  • Structural and Optical Properties of Calcium Titanate Prepared from Gypsum

    • Abstract: Ceramic materials have been used in various human health-related applications for considerable time. One of the important applications of ceramic materials is in electronics. Our work focuses on calcium titanate (CaTiO3). CaTiO3 is typically created via sintering. Gypsum particles is used to form calcium hydroxide, which is then combined with titanium dioxide to form rutile crystals. Thereafter, calcination is performed at 900°C, 1000°C, and 1100°C for 2 h. X-ray diffraction is employed to track the evolution of the CaTiO3 phase. Scanning electron microscopy is used to characterize the morphologies of the different preparation steps. As the calcination temperature increases from 900°C to 1000°C, the crystallite size of CaTiO3 increases from 35 nm to 45 nm. Furthermore, the energy gaps of the CaTiO3 powders obtained after calcination at 900°C and 1000°C are 5.32 eV and 5.43 eV, respectively, and their particle sizes are 150–200 nm and 200–300 nm, respectively.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Mar 2022 04:20:08 +000
       
  • Plant-Mediated Green Synthesis of Ag NPs and Their Possible Applications:
           A Critical Review

    • Abstract: The potential applications of Ag NPs are exciting and beneficial in a variety of fields; however, there is less awareness of the new risks posed by inappropriate disposal of Ag NPs. The Ag NPs have medicinal, plasmonic, and catalytic properties. The Ag NPs can be prepared via physical, chemical, or biological routes, and the selection of any specific route depends largely on the end-use. The downside of a physical and chemical approach is that it requires a wide space, high temperature, high temperature for a longer time to preserve the thermal stability of synthesized Ag NPs, and the use of toxic chemicals. Although these methods produce nanoparticles with high purity and well-defined morphology, it is critical to develop cost-effective, energy-efficient, and facile route, such as green synthesis; it suggests the desirable use of renewable resources by avoiding the use of additional solvents and toxic reagents in order to achieve the ultimate goal. However, each method has its pros and cons. The synthesized Ag NPs obtained using the green approach have larger biocompatibility and are less toxic towards the biotic systems. However, identifying the phytoconstituents that are responsible for nanoparticle synthesis is difficult and has been reported as a suitable candidate for biological application. The concentration of the effective bioreducing phytoconstituents plays a crucial role in deciding the morphology of the nanoparticle. Besides these reaction times, temperature, pH, and concentration of silver salt are some of the key factors that determine the morphology. Hence, careful optimization in the methodology is required as different morphologies have different properties and usage. It is due to which the development of methods to prepare nanoparticles effectively using various plant extracts is gaining rapid momentum in recent days. To make sense of what involves in the bioreduction of silver salt and to isolate the secondary metabolites from plants are yet challenging. This review focuses on the contribution of plant-mediated Ag NPs in different applications and their toxicity in the aquatic system.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Mar 2022 12:35:02 +000
       
  • Green Synthesis of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Using Hibiscus rosa sinensis
           Flowers and Their Antibacterial Activity

    • Abstract: Iron oxide nanoparticles (α- Fe2O3) were synthesized using an unconventional, eco-friendly technique utilizing a Hibiscus rosa sinensis flower (common name, China rose) extract as a reducer and stabilizer agent. The microwave method was successfully used for the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles. Various volume ratios of iron chloride tetrahydrate to the extract were taken and heated by the microwave oven for different periods to optimize iron oxide nanoparticle production. The synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles were characterized using the ultraviolet-visible spectrometer (UV-Vis), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). X-ray diffraction confirmed the formation of α- Fe2O3 nanoparticles (hematite). The average size of iron oxide nanoparticles was found to be 51 nm. The antibacterial activity of the synthesized iron nanoparticles was investigated against different bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Escherichia coli. The results showed that the synthesized iron nanoparticles exhibited an inhabitation effect on all studied bacteria.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Mar 2022 10:35:01 +000
       
  • Graphene and g-C3N4-Based Gas Sensors

    • Abstract: The efficient monitoring of the environment is currently gaining a continuous growing interest in view of finding solutions for the global pollution issues and their associated climate change. In this sense, two-dimensional (2D) materials appear as one of highly attractive routes for the development of efficient sensing devices due, in particular, to the interesting blend of their superlative properties. For instance, graphene (Gr) and graphitic carbon nitride g-C3N4 (g-CN) have specifically attracted great attention in several domains of sensing applications owing to their excellent electronic and physical-chemical properties. Despite the high potential they offer in the development and fabrication of high-performance gas-sensing devices, an exhaustive comparison between Gr and g-CN is not well established yet regarding their electronic properties and their sensing performances such as sensitivity and selectivity. Hence, this work aims at providing a state-of-the-art overview of the latest experimental advances in the fabrication, characterization, development, and implementation of these 2D materials in gas-sensing applications. Then, the reported results are compared to our numerical simulations using density functional theory carried out on the interactions of Gr and g-CN with some selected hazardous gases’ molecules such as NO2, CO2, and HF. Our findings conform with the superior performances of the g-CN regarding HF detection, while both g-CN and Gr show comparable detection performances for the remaining considered gases. This allows suggesting an outlook regarding the future use of these 2D materials as high-performance gas sensors.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Feb 2022 11:05:02 +000
       
  • Study on Fabrication of Antibacterial Low Molecular Weight Nanochitosan
           Using Sodium Tripolyphosphate and Hydrogen Peroxide

    • Abstract: In the study, chitosan was decomposed into low molecular weight chitosan by using different H2O2 concentrations for chain termination, and then chitosan was prepared with different concentrations of tripolyphosphate cations (TPP). We have obtained the following result: the formation of chitosan depends on the concentration of TPP; TPP at low or high concentrations does not react with chitosan to form small chitosan molecules. Properly structured chitosan is only obtained when the mass ratio of chitosan/TPP is 6 : 3. At this rate, when the mass ratio of chitosan/TPP is approximately 6 : 3, there the formed nanochitosan particles have good antibacterial ability against strains of E. coli, M. catarrhalis, and S. aureus. In this work, initially, a successful preparation of a suspension between nasal spray and small chitosan suspension was found at manufacturing ratios: 5 ml nasal spray and 5 ml manufactured chitosan suspension at concentrations of 1 mg/ml, 3 mg/ml, and 5 mg/ml. It proves that the chain termination process by using H2O2 and the creation cross-linking when adding TPP are successful to a certain extent.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jan 2022 07:50:03 +000
       
 
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