Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2688 journals)
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    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (98 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (115 journals)

ENGINEERING (1325 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 601 - 800 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Quality Assurance in Engineering and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Quality Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Quantum Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT     Open Access  
International Journal of Reliability, Quality and Safety Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Science and Innovative Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Science Engineering and Advance Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Sediment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Six Sigma and Competitive Advantage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Social Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Space Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Speech Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Student Project Reporting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Surface Engineering and Interdisciplinary Materials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Lighting     Open Access  
International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Systems and Service-Oriented Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Systems Assurance Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Technoethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Thermal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Transportation Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Ultra Wideband Communications and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Vehicle Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Vehicle Information and Communication Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Vehicle Noise and Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Vehicle Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Virtual Technology and Multimedia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution and Information Processing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems     Open Access  
International Nano Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
International Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 121)
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
International Scientific Journal of Engineering and Technology (ISJET)     Open Access  
Inventions     Open Access  
Inventum     Open Access  
Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Ionics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IPTEK The Journal for Technology and Science     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
IRBM News     Full-text available via subscription  
Ironmaking & Steelmaking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ISA Transactions     Full-text available via subscription  
ISSS Journal of Micro and Smart Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IT Professional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Iteckne     Open Access  
J-ENSITEC : Journal Of Engineering and Sustainable Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Johnson Matthey Technology Review     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced College of Engineering and Management     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Joining Processes     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Aerosol Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Journal of Alloys and Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Analytical Sciences, Methods and Instrumentation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Applied Research and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Architectural and Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Architectural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Automation and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Biological Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomedical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Biomolecular NMR     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Pathology and Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Catalyst & Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Central South University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of China Coal Society     Open Access  
Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Cleaner Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Coastal and Riverine Flood Risk (JCRFR)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cold Regions Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Combinatorial Designs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Combustion     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Computational Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Computational Design and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computational Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Coupled Systems and Multiscale Dynamics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Delta Urbanism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Display Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electroceramics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Electronic Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electrostatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Energy Resources Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Engineering and Applied Science     Open Access  
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Engineering Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Engineering Research and Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Engineering Technology and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Engineering Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management     Open Access  
Journal of Environmental & Engineering Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Environmental Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Fire Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Flood Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fluids Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Fourier Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Functional Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Geological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Geotechnical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Geovisualization and Spatial Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University     Open Access  
Journal of Hazardous Materials Advances     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Industrial Safety Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Inequalities and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Infrastructure Preservation and Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Systems : Theory and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of International Maritime Safety, Environmental Affairs, and Shipping     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Iron and Steel Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of KONBiN     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Management in Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Manufacturing Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mechanical Design and Testing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mechatronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mega Infrastructure & Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Mining Institute     Open Access  
Journal of Motor Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Multivariate Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanomanufacturing     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanoparticle Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nanoscience     Open Access  
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of NanoScience, NanoEngineering & Applications     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)

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Journal of Geological Research
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-8833 - ISSN (Online) 1687-8841
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Genesis of Clastic Dykes and Soft-Sediment Deformation Structures in the
           Mamfe Basin, South-West Region, Cameroon: Field Geology Approach

    • Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the genesis of clastic dykes and soft-sediment deformation structures in the Mamfe Basin, South West-Region, Cameroon. Results from this study portray the following: (1) The clastic dykes are extrusive and were generated from preexisting soft-sediments that penetrate fissures caused by seismic activity. It can be concluded that clastic dykes originate from seismic shacking, probably induced by volcanic-tectonic activity and magmatic dykes that cut across the Precambrian and Cretaceous formations of the Mamfe Basin. (2) The soft-sediment deformation structures (flexures, sheared foliations, anticlinal folds, load casts, and flame structures) are likely triggered by seismic shocks. The inferred influence of seismic activity results from rifting and rapid subsidence of basin-fill during the Cretaceous. Some of these soft-sediment deformation structures (SSDS) are induced by fluidization and liquefaction triggered by rapid sedimentation within tectonically active settings, as well as density variations illustrated by local occurrence of load casts with weak lateral extensions. (3) The synsedimentary features (joints, faults, filled fractures) are related to local stress triggered by gravitational sliding, because the fractures were filled by unconsolidated clastic materials.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Methane at the NW of Weddell Sea, Antarctica

    • Abstract: The presence of gaseous hydrocarbons (from methane to n-pentane) in the seabed sediments and the bubbling of methane may suggest the presence of gas accumulations in the substrate of the NW Weddell Sea, Antarctica. The release of methane from the frozen ocean substrate adjacent to Seymour Island would be linked to climate instability during Late Cenozoic, when vast areas of the Antarctic continental shelf were flooded during the marine transgression that occurred . 18,000 years ago, after the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). As the ice melted, the sea again occupied the regions which it had abandoned. As the transgression was relatively rapid, the sub-air relief was not destroyed but was submerged and the ground had frozen (permafrost) along with it. Thus, the heat flow from the sea to the marine substrate, now flooded, would have destabilized frozen gas accumulations, which were originally formed into terrestrial permafrost during the LGM, similarly to what would have happened in the Arctic.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Combining Resistivity and Aeromagnetic Geophysical Surveys for Groundwater
           Exploration in the Maghnia Plain of Algeria

    • Abstract: The Maghnia plain in western Algeria is filled by Plio-Quaternary and Miocene sediments that rest unconformably on a basement of Jurassic rocks. Electrical sounding (VES), magnetic data, well information, and hydrogeological data have been used to explore for groundwater potential in the Maghnia plain. The interpretation of Schlumberger sounding data was first calibrated with the lithology of available nearby wells. Four geoelectrical layers were identified within the study area. They are a thin near surface topsoil layer with variable resistivities, a moderate resistive aquifer (15–30 ohm-m), a resistive aquifer (40–70 ohm-m), and a conductive clay layer (1–10 ohm-m). Near Sidi Mbarek, the geoelectric section is reduced to three layers: a topsoil layer, a conductive layer corresponding to the Miocene marls, and a deep resistive layer that correlates with the Oxfordian sandstones. The interpretation of VES data and the enhancement techniques of magnetic data enabled the identification of a number of unmapped faults that occur near recharge zones close to adjacent mountains. This study enabled us to study the extension of the known Plio-Quaternary aquifer of the Maghnia plain and to explore the possible existence of a second deep groundwater aquifer in Oxfordian sandstones.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Jan 2017 10:12:45 +000
       
  • Depth Estimation Using the Tilt Angle of Gravity Field due to the
           Semi-Infinite Vertical Cylindrical Source

    • Abstract: Tilt angle filter is an interpretation method that is used to determine the source borders locations from potential fields data. Moreover, the tilt angle is applied for estimation of the anomaly source depth, such as contact-depth method and tilt-depth method. In this paper an application of the tilt angle technique obtained from the first vertical and horizontal gradients of the gravity anomaly from semi-infinite vertical cylindrical source is described. The technique is based on the tilt angle and derivatives ratio. In this approach the depth estimates are proportional to the computed tilt angles and their distances from the cross section center of the anomaly cause on the surface. This new method is termed the tilt-distance-depth (TDD). The method is demonstrated using synthetic gravity data, with and without random noise, and real gravity data from Iran. The results are also compared with the solutions from Euler deconvolution technique and inverse modelling using Modelvision software.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Jan 2017 13:25:49 +000
       
  • Arctic Ocean Gas Hydrate Stability in a Changing Climate

    • Abstract: Recent estimations suggest that vast amounts of methane are locked in the Arctic Ocean bottom sediments in various forms of gas hydrates. A potential feedback from a continued warming of the Arctic region is therefore the release of methane to the atmosphere. This study addresses the relationship between a warming of the Arctic ocean and gas hydrate stability. We apply a theoretical model that estimates the base of the gas hydrate stability zone in the Arctic Ocean considering different bottom water warming and sea level scenarios. We model the present day conditions adopting two different geothermal gradient values: 30 and 40°C/km. For each geothermal gradient value, we simulate a rise and a decrease in seafloor temperature equal to 2°C and in sea level equal to 10 m. The results show that shallow gas hydrates present in water depths less than 500 m would be strongly affected by a future rise in seafloor temperature potentially resulting in large amounts of gas released to the water column due to their dissociation. We estimate that the area, where there could be complete gas hydrate dissociation, is about 4% of the area where there are the conditions for gas hydrates stability.
      PubDate: Thu, 19 Dec 2013 08:18:16 +000
       
  • Formation of Gas Hydrates at Deep Interior of the Earth and Their
           Dissipation to Near Surface Horizon

    • Abstract: Methane hydrates occur in diverse geological settings and their origin is puzzling, owing to package of more than 160 times of equivalent volume of methane in ice cage at standard temperature pressure indicating formation at high pressure state. At the core mantle boundary of the Earth, high dense supercritical fluids of Fe with significant amount of O, Ti, Nb, C, H, and other elements exist. Geophysical studies reveal that at the core mantle boundary of the Earth at 2900 km depth, temperature exceeds 4000°C, pressure ranges around 135 GPa and the material present possesses high molar volume 8.8 gm/cm3. Sudden release of pressure causes opening of vents and supercritical fluid/plasma phase of CH4 exsolves as finely divided plasma bubbles and rapidly rises up through weak planes. The potential energy of these bubbles is so high; the velocity of ascending bubbles steadily increases with super adiabatic state with minimum frictional energy loss. The rapidly ascending CH4 plasma bubbles quench with outer skins of H2 or H2O while passing through the permafrost or near surface horizons. Again, some bubbles burst into numerous tiny droplets of dense methane into cold seawater near seafloor. The water layer surrounding the tiny bubble is formed as ice-cage on hydrophobic methane, by absorbing or releasing sufficient latent heat energy from freezing water for endothermic formation of methane hydrate. The water envelops as ice cage around CH4 near surface conditions at ambient temperature and pressure conditions. Numerical analyses of specific heats J/mole for CH4 and H2O reveal that such plasma bubbles could form even from upper mantle horizons ~100 km depth but with less potentiality. The charged particles inside the plasma bubble are highly influenced by magnetic and electric fields. Hence most bubbles drive through deep interconnecting fractures towards continental margins of polar region where earth’s electromagnetic and gravity intensities are relatively high.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Dec 2013 17:37:51 +000
       
  • Petrogenesis of Quaternary Shoshonitic Volcanism in NE Iran (Ardabil):
           Implication for Postcollisional Magmatism

    • Abstract: Trachyandesites, trachytes, andesites, and pyrocalstic rocks, with shoshonitic signature, are the main Quaternary volcanic rocks in the Sabalan region (Ardabil). Plagiocalse, K-feldspar, biotite associated with clinopyroxene, and glass are the main constituents of these lavas. Plagioclases are andesine to labradorite while clinopyroxenes have augitic composition. The Sabalan volcanic rocks show enrichment in LREEs (relative to HREEs) and are characterized by enrichment in LILEs and depletion in HFSEs. Petrological observations, along with rare earth and trace elements geochemistry, suggest shoshonitic signature for Sabalan lavas. This signature highlights derivation from a subduction-related source. The Sabalan volcanic rocks are isotopically characterized by derivation from an enriched mantle source with a tendency to plot in the fields defined by island-arc basalts (IAB) and OIBs (in εNd versus 87Sr/86Sr diagram). The geochemical and isotopic characteristics of the Sabalan lavas suggest that their magma has been issued via low degree partial melting of a subduction-metasomatized continental lithospheric mantle. The formation of these lavas is related to slab steepening and breakoff in a postcollisional regime.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 Dec 2013 11:08:19 +000
       
  • Surface Morphology of Basalt Columns at Svartifoss,
           VatnajökulsÞjóðgarður, Southern Iceland

    • Abstract: A spectacular example of columnar-jointed basalt occurs at Svartifoss in the Vatnajökull National Park of southern Iceland. The columns are notable for a variety of features on the vertical joint surfaces and the horizontal parting surfaces. The jointed surfaces of the columns display horizontal striations at a spacing of centimeters to decimeters. The individual striations exhibit crescentic hackles with a plumose pattern, the orientation of which varies between adjacent striations. Also present are gently dipping, millimeter-scale laminations not previously described. Horizontal parting surfaces of the columns display a circular ring that inscribes most of the diameter column. The ring features alternately positive or negative relief against the perimeter of the column and exhibits a radiating pattern of hackles originating at the center of the ring. Petrographic examination reveals that the basalt contains an interlocking network of plagioclase laths preferentially aligned perpendicular to the column axes. The circular features have been described previously and attributed to late-stage melt migration driven by a load-induced pressure gradient. The striations were formed from stepwise, downward propagation of the polygonal fracture system, and the plumose structures were formed from tensile stresses during fracture propagation. The small-scale laminations may result from preferential grain alignment of plagioclase laths.
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Dec 2013 13:42:19 +000
       
  • Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System for Fault Segments
           Mapping a Study from Taiz Area, Yemen

    • Abstract: GIS and remote sensing data for allowing detection of structural features, such as faults, offer opportunities for improving mapping and identifying the areas that are likely to be locations of faulting areas. Landsat ETM-7 satellite data images were used and band-5 was found as the most suitable band for lineament delineation, based on the ability to identify geological features. Four contributing factors, namely, drainage patterns, faults (previously mapped), lineaments, and lithological contacts layers, were parameters used in this study to produce a fault potential prediction map using the overlay model techniques. The potential map (fault susceptibility map) classifies the study area into five potential zones, namely, very low, low, moderate, high, and very high potential. The areas covered by moderate to the highest potential zones were considered as fault segments (fault lines) in the area. The comparison of the potential map and the published fault map by using GIS matching techniques shows that 75 fault segments (fault lines) in the potential map were not properly identified in the study area. The correlation between fault segments and faults data collected from field work stations shows that there were 39 fault segments which may represent new faults in the area being identified. The presence of these faults is not known from the literature; this leads to updating and revising of existing geological map of the study area.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Nov 2013 14:24:06 +000
       
  • Application of 2D Electrical Resistivity Tomography in Landfill Site: A
           Case Study of Iku, Ikare Akoko, Southwestern Nigeria

    • Abstract: 2D resistivity tomography was used in , , and directions to delineate the extent of leachate plumes around a solid waste landfill in Ikare Akoko, Ondo State, behind the secretariat. I access the geometry and depth contamination extent of the landfill repository using dipole-dipole method and Global positioning system to ascertain the image of the subsurface and the position at the earth surface. The study area is underlain by Precambrian basement rocks. Quantitative interpretation of pseudosection results shows that in traverse 1, stations 7, 8, and 9 form a conductive path at the depth of 1–10 m and penetrate to depth of 25 m; the second traverse shows a layer of highly conductive structure extending diagonally across the study area, while the third traverse is partly conductive and largely resistive due to its closeness to fresh basement rocks. The 2D structure has shown various conductive path ways via fractures and openings, thus, contaminating the groundwater. I recommend that further geochemical analysis of the water should be done to ascertain the level of contamination.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Oct 2013 08:31:19 +000
       
  • Study on p-Wave Attenuation in Hydrate-Bearing Sediments Based on BISQ
           Model

    • Abstract: In hydrate-bearing sediments, the elastic wave attenuation characteristics depend on the elastic properties of the sediments themselves on the one hand, and on the other hand, they also depend on the hydrate occurrence state and hydrate saturation. Since the hydrate-bearing sediments always have high porosity, so they show significant porous medium characteristics. Based on the BISQ porous medium model which is the most widely used model to study the attenuation characteristics in the porous media, we focused on p-wave attenuation in hydrate-bearing sediments in Shenhu Area, South China Sea, especially in specific seismic frequency range, which lays a foundation for the identification of gas hydrates by using seismic wave attenuation in Shenhu Area, South China Sea. Our results depict that seismic wave attenuation is an effective attribute to identify gas hydrates.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Oct 2013 18:46:35 +000
       
  • Biostratigraphy and Sequence Stratigraphy of Paleogene Deposits in Central
           Kopet-Dagh Basin (NE of Iran)

    • Abstract: In this paper, the biostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy of marine Paleogene deposits from the Kopet-Dagh basin (NE of Iran) are described. Particularly the absence of Morozovella genus is discussed. In addition, the Paleocene/Eocene boundary has been studied in detail using the record of planktonic and larger benthic foraminifera. This boundary is located probably within a thin red horizon (~10–15 cm) representing a paleosoil. Close to this boundary is located the base of the calcareous test dissolution interval, with the dominance of agglutinated benthic foraminifera and with a sudden decrease in the richness of benthic foraminiferal species. Biostratigraphic studies led to the identification of 33 genera of larger benthic foraminifera and 5 genera of planktonic foraminifera. Petrographical studies indicate that these sediments, consisting of four carbonate lithofacies (15 subfacies), may have been deposited on a shallow carbonate platform (ramp type). These lithofacies have been deposited in open marine, shoal, lagoon, and tidal flat environmental conditions. Sequence stratigraphic analysis led to the identification of four third-order depositional sequences. The interpreted sea-level curve in the Kopet-Dagh basin can be correlated with Paleocene-Eocene global curves, with a sea-level fall in the latest Paleocene, followed by a sea-level rise in the earliest Eocene.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Sep 2013 15:13:28 +000
       
  • Fluoride in the Serra Geral Aquifer System: Source Evaluation Using Stable
           Isotopes and Principal Component Analysis

    • Abstract: Groundwater with anomalous fluoride content and water mixture patterns were studied in the fractured Serra Geral Aquifer System, a basaltic to rhyolitic geological unit, using a principal component analysis interpretation of groundwater chemical data from 309 deep wells distributed in the Rio Grande do Sul State, Southern Brazil. A four-component model that explains 81% of the total variance in the Principal Component Analysis is suggested. Six hydrochemical groups were identified. δ18O and δ2H were analyzed in 28 Serra Geral Aquifer System samples in order to identify stable isotopes patterns and make comparisons with data from the Guarani Aquifer System and meteoric waters. The results demonstrated a complex water mixture between the Serra Geral Aquifer System and the Guarani Aquifer System, with meteoric recharge and ascending water infiltration through an intensive tectonic fracturing.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 11:10:15 +000
       
  • Multiscale Erosion Surfaces of the Organic-Rich Barnett Shale, Fort Worth
           Basin, USA

    • Abstract: The high frequency and diversity of erosion surfaces throughout the Barnett Shale give a unique view into the short-duration stratigraphic intervals that were previously much more difficult to detect in such fine-grained rocks. The erosion surfaces in Barnett Shale exhibit variable relief (5.08–61 mm) which commonly consists of shelly laminae, shale rip-up clasts, reworked mud intraclasts, phosphatic pellets, and/or diagenetic minerals (dolomite and pyrite) mostly with clay-rich mudstone groundmass. Several factors control this lithological variation, including the energy conditions, rate of relative sea-level fluctuation, rate of sedimentation, sediment influx, and the lithofacies type of the underlying as well as the overlying beds. The erosional features and their associated surfaces make them serve at least in part as boundaries between different genetic types of deposits but with different scales according to their dependence on base level and/or sediment supply. Accordingly, the studied erosion surfaces of the Barnett Shale can be grouped into three different scales of sequence stratigraphic surfaces: sequence-scale surfaces, parasequence-scale surfaces, and within trend-scale surfaces.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jun 2013 13:49:43 +000
       
  • Multiphase Alkaline Basalts of Central Al-Haruj Al-Abyad of Libya:
           Petrological and Geochemical Aspects

    • Abstract: Al-Haruj basalts that represent the largest volcanic province in Libya consist of four lava flow phases of varying thicknesses, extensions, and dating. Their eruption is generally controlled by the larger Afro-Arabian rift system. The flow phases range from olivine rich and/or olivine dolerites to olivine and/or normal basalts that consist mainly of variable olivine, clinopyroxene, plagioclase, and glass. Olivine, plagioclase, and clinopyroxene form abundant porphyritic crystals. In olivine-rich basalt and olivine basalt, these minerals occur as glomerophyric or seriate clusters of an individual mineral or group of minerals. Groundmass textures are variably intergranular, intersertal, vitrophyric, and flow. The pyroclastic, clastogenic flows and/or ejecta of the volcanic cones show porphyritic, vitrophric, pilotaxitic, and vesicular textures. They are classified into tholeiite, alkaline, and olivine basalts. Three main groups are recorded. Basalts of phase 1 are generated from tholeiitic to alkaline magma, while those of phases 3 and 4 are derived from alkaline magma. It is proposed that the tholeiitic basalts represent prerift stage magma generated by higher degree of partial melting (2.0–3.5%) of garnet-peridotite asthenospheric mantle source, at shallow depth, whereas the dominant alkaline basalts may represent the rift stage magma formed by low degree of partial melting (0.7–1.5%) and high fractionation of the same source, at greater depth in an intra-continental plate with OIB affinity. The melt generation could be also attributed to lithosphere extension associated with passive rise of variable enriched mantle.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jun 2013 16:46:37 +000
       
  • Magmatism in the Asunción-Sapucai-Villarrica Graben (Eastern Paraguay)
           Revisited: Petrological, Geophysical, Geochemical, and Geodynamic
           Inferences

    • Abstract: The Asunción-Sapucai-Villarrica graben (ASV) in Eastern Paraguay at the westernmost part of the Paraná Basin was the site of intense magmatic activity in Mesozoic and Tertiary times. Geological, petrological, mineralogical, and geochemical results indicate that the following magmatic events are dominant in the area: (1) tholeiitic basalt and basaltic andesites, flows and sills of low- and high-titanium types; (2) K-alkaline magmatism, where two suites are distinguished, that is, basanite to phonolite and alkali basalt to trachyte and their intrusive analogues; (3) ankaratrite to phonolite with strong Na-alkaline affinity, where mantle xenoliths in ultramafic rocks are high- and low-potassium suites, respectively. The structural and geophysical data show extensional characteristics for ASV. On the whole, the geochemical features imply different mantle sources, consistently with Sr-Nd isotopes that are Rb-Nd enriched and depleted for the potassic and sodic rocks, respectively. Nd model ages suggest that some notional distinct “metasomatic events” may have occurred during Paleoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic times as precursor to the alkaline and tholeiitic magmas. It seems, therefore, that the genesis of the ASV magmatism is dominated by a lithospheric mantle, characterized by small-scale heterogeneity.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 May 2013 08:29:09 +000
       
 
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