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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2284 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (192 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (184 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (102 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1208 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (389 journals)
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    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (89 journals)

ENGINEERING (1208 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 227)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 254)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 226)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover Applied Magnetic Resonance
  [SJR: 0.358]   [H-I: 34]   [3 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1613-7507 - ISSN (Online) 0937-9347
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • New Aspects of Physics of Magnetic Resonance and Its Applications
    • Authors: Vladimir I. Chizhik; Murat S. Tagirov
      Pages: 621 - 623
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0905-x
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Electron–Nuclear Spin Dynamics in Semiconductor QDs
    • Authors: M. S. Kuznetsova
      Pages: 635 - 655
      Abstract: This work presents an overview of investigations of the nuclear spin dynamics in nanostructures with negatively charged InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots characterized by strong quadrupole splitting of nuclear spin sublevels. The main method of the investigations is the experimental measurements and the theoretical analysis of the photoluminescence polarization as a function of the transverse magnetic field (effect Hanle). The dependence of the Hanle curve profile on the temporal protocol of optical excitation is examined. Experimental data are analyzed using an original approach based on separate consideration of behavior of the longitudinal and transverse components of the nuclear polarization. The rise and decay times of each component of the nuclear polarization and their dependence on transverse magnetic field strength are determined. To study the role of the Knight field in the dynamic of nuclear polarization, a weak additional magnetic field parallel to the optical axis is used. We have found that, only taking into account the nuclear spin fluctuations, we can accurately describe the measured Hanle curves and evaluate the parameters of the electron–nuclear spin system in the studied quantum dots. A new effect of the resonant optical pumping of nuclear spin polarization in an ensemble of the singly charged (In,Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots subjected to a transverse magnetic field is discussed. Nuclear spin resonances for all isotopes in the quantum dots are detected in that way. In particular, transitions between the states split off from the ±1/2 doublets by the nuclear quadrupole interaction are identified.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0883-z
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Local NMR Relaxation of Dendrimers in the Presence of Hydrodynamic
           Interactions
    • Authors: Maxim Dolgushev; Sebastian Schnell; Denis A. Markelov
      Pages: 657 - 671
      Abstract: We study the role of hydrodynamic interactions for the relaxation of segments’ orientations in dendrimers. The dynamics is considered in the Zimm framework. It is shown that inclusion of correlations between segments’ orientations plays a major role for the segments’ mobility, which reveals itself in the nuclear magnetic resonance relaxation functions. The enhancement of the reorientation dynamics of segments due to the hydrodynamic interactions is more significant for the inner segments. This effect is clearly pronounced in the reduced spectral density \(\omega J(\omega )\) , maximum of which shifts to higher frequencies when the hydrodynamic interactions are taken into account.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0897-6
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • CP MAS Kinetics Study of Ionic Liquids Confined in Mesoporous Silica:
           Convergence of Non-Classical and Classical Spin Coupling Models
    • Authors: Vytautas Klimavicius; Laurynas Dagys; Vladimir Chizhik; Vytautas Balevicius
      Pages: 673 - 685
      Abstract: The high data point density measurements of 1H→11B cross-polarization (CP) kinetics upon magic-angle spinning (MAS) of [bmim][BF4] confined in mesoporous SBA-15 and MCM-41 were carried out. The complex shaped 11B CP MAS signals were observed in both silica and decomposed into two Lorentz components. This points towards the possibility of bimodal distribution of [bmim][BF4] in the studied confinements. The convergence of classical and non-classical spin coupling models was deduced processing CP kinetic curves. A good fit of the theoretical curves to the experimental data was achieved using both models without any non-random deviations between theory and experiment to appear. The convergence of spin coupling models was discussed in terms of relatively high mobility of BF4 − anion respect to the cation and the dynamics of anions in pores. These factors delete the borders between spin clusters. The spin diffusion along the pore surfaces in MCM-41 is more than twice faster than in SBA-15.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0891-z
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in an Ultra-Low Magnetic
           Field
    • Authors: S. V. Ievleva; N. V. Luzhetckaia; K. V. Tyutyukin; V. V. Frolov
      Pages: 699 - 706
      Abstract: Magnetic resonance imaging is well known as a highly effective technique of medical visualization. One of its relatively new approaches is diffusion imaging. As a rule, the majority of magnetic resonance investigations in biology and medicine tends to be carried out in high magnetic fields (1.5 T and higher), but there are some advantages of the same experiments in low magnetic fields. It can be strongly useful, for example, for designing and testing new pulse sequences, training operators of magnetic resonance imagers, making new phantoms (model objects). In this study, diffusion-weighted imaging experiments in a low magnetic field 7 mT are performed in the first time. Nevertheless, this field is about two orders of magnitude bigger than an extremely low Earth field, and so concomitant gradients and polarization problems do not arise. In particular, diffusion weighted images of combined model samples (phantoms) are presented.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0895-8
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • NMR Relaxation Efficiency of Aqueous Solutions of Composite Mg x Zn y Fe
           3−x−y O 4 Nanoparticles
    • Authors: Yu. V. Bogachev; A. V. Nikitina; A. A. Kostina; V. A. Sabitova; V. V. Pankov; T. G. Shutava; E. G. Petrova; D. A. Kotsikau; V. O. Natarov; K. S. Livanovich
      Pages: 715 - 722
      Abstract: The results of proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation measurements in aqueous solutions of Mg x Zn y Fe3−x−y O4 magnetite-based composite magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are discussed. It is shown that their transverse relaxivity (relaxation efficiency) r 2 is significantly higher than the longitudinal relaxivity r 1 and depends on the magnetic nanoparticles composition and preparation method. A polyelectrolyte layer adsorbed on the nanoparticle surface increases both relaxivity values. The carbonate-synthesized MNPs possess higher values of r 2 and r 1 as compared with base-precipitated complex oxides. Relaxivity r 2 is shown to be affected by stability of MNPs in aqueous solutions and the aggregation behavior apparently can be assessed through the NMR relaxation measurements.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0889-6
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Investigations of ZnSe:Mn Nanocrystals
    • Authors: D. S. Mazing; A. V. Nikiforova; A. S. Osinin; V. A. Moshnikov; Yu. V. Bogachev; S. M. Sukharzhevskii
      Pages: 731 - 737
      Abstract: Colloidal nanocrystals of ZnSe doped with Mn2+ were synthesized in non-polar medium using hot-injection technique. Obtained samples were characterized by means of photoluminescence and absorption spectroscopies. To confirm the incorporation of Mn2+ impurity and to reveal its state and localization, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was employed. As a result, EPR spectra were analyzed and hyperfine splitting constant and g-factor for Mn2+ dopant were determined.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0898-5
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Consistent Paradigm of the Spectra Decomposition into
           Independent Resonance Lines
    • Authors: K. M. Salikhov
      PubDate: 2017-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0915-8
       
  • 13 C Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Using Derivatives of TEMPO Free Radical
    • Authors: Peter Niedbalski; Christopher Parish; Qing Wang; Andhika Kiswandhi; Lloyd Lumata
      Abstract: The nitroxide-based 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO) free radical is widely used in 13C dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) due to its relatively low cost, commercial availability, and effectiveness as polarizing agent. While a large number of TEMPO derivatives are available commercially, so far, only few have been tested for use in 13C DNP. In this study, we have tested and evaluated the 13C hyperpolarization efficiency of eight derivatives of TEMPO free radical with different side arms in the 4-position. In general, these TEMPO derivatives were found to have slight variations in efficiency as polarizing agents for DNP of 3 M [1-13C] acetate in 1:1 v/v ethanol:water at 3.35 T and 1.2 K. X-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy revealed no significant differences in the spectral features among these TEMPO derivatives. 2H enrichment of the ethanol:water glassing matrix resulted in further improvement of the solid-state 13C DNP signals by factor of 2 to 2.5-fold with respect to the 13C DNP signal of non-deuterated DNP samples. These results suggest an interaction between the nuclear Zeeman reservoirs and the electron dipolar system via the thermal mixing mechanism.
      PubDate: 2017-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0916-7
       
  • The Morpho-Functional Characteristics of Cerebral and Renal Arteries After
           Induced Arterial Hypertension in Rats Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • Authors: Irina G. Agafonova; Vladimir N. Kotelnikov; Boris I. Geltcer; Natalya G. Kolosova; Valentin A. Stonik
      Abstract: The morpho-functional reorganization of regional vascular arteries is greatly altered after the induction of arterial hypertension (AH) in experimental rats. These changes can be examined using magnetic resonance imaging methods. In our experiment, induced AH caused arteriostenosis of cerebral arteries in two strains of rats—Wistar and OXYS (p < 0.05). In addition, we studied the changes in renal arteries in the same experiment. Compensatory vasodilatation was found in the extrarenal part of arteries. Arteriostenosis was detected in the intrarenal part of arteries, which was due to cytotoxic hypostasis of renal parenchyma. We proposed a cerebral vascular index and applied this index for precise analysis of changes in the studied arteries. This index is calculated as the ratio of the diameter of cerebral arteries to the diameter of renal arteries. The degree of differences in vasoconstriction between cerebral and renal arteries was established. Our results showed a moderate degree of differences in the vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries. In addition, the degree of differences in the vasoconstriction of intrarenal arteries revealed deeper vasoconstriction. These distinctions are 28.1% (p < 0.05) and 60.9% (p < 0.05) for Wistar and OXYS rats, respectively. Arterial morphometry revealed reduced sizes of all OXYS rat arteries compared with those of Wistar rat arteries. These pathological changes were associated with excessive stiffness (rigidity) of vascular walls due to accelerated aging. The accelerated aging of OXYS rat arteries led to a decrease in their vasodilatation potential and a decrease in the blood supply of cerebral and renal arteries. Comparative morphometry of the status of all arteries in both groups after AH revealed multiple specific changes in the remodeled arteries.
      PubDate: 2017-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0914-9
       
  • Structural and Metabolic Pattern Classification for Detection of
           Glioblastoma Recurrence and Treatment-Related Effects
    • Authors: Marija Jovanovic; Milica Selmic; Dragana Macura; Slobodan Lavrnic; Svetlana Gavrilovic; Marko Dakovic; Sandra Radenkovic; Ivan Soldatovic; Tatjana Stosic-Opincal; Ruzica Maksimovic
      Abstract: Artificial neuronal network (ANN) in classification of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) recurrence from treatment effects using advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques was evaluated. In 56 patients with treated GBM, normalised minimal and mean apparent-diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, vessels number on susceptibility-weighted images (SWI) and Cho/Cr ratio were analysed statistically and by ANN. Significant correlation exists between normalised minimal and mean ADC values, and no correlation between ADC and Cho/Cr values. Cut-off values for tumour presence were: 1.14 for normalised minimal ADC (54% sensitivity, 71% specificity), 1.13 for normalised mean ADC (51% sensitivity, 71% specificity), 1.8 for Cho/Cr ratio (92% sensitivity, 82% specificity), grade 2 for SWI (87% sensitivity, 82% specificity). An accurate prediction of ANN to classify patients into GBM progression or treatment effects group was 99% during the training and 96.8% during the testing phase. Multi-parametric ANN allows distinction between GBM recurrence and treatment effects, and can be used in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2017-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0913-x
       
  • Superconducting Fluctuations Above the Critical Temperature in Bi 2 Sr 2
           Ca 1−x Y x Cu 2 O 8+δ as Revealed by Microwave Absorption
    • Authors: I. Gimazov; Yu. Talanov; V. Sakhin; T. Adachi; T. Noji; Y. Koike
      Abstract: The superconducting fluctuations above the critical temperature in Bi2Sr2Ca1−x Y x Cu2O8+δ (x = 0–0.3) single crystals are studied by microwave absorption (MWA). The maximum in the MWA temperature dependence was observed close to the critical temperature. Its formation is explained by the change of the quasiparticle density of states due to superconducting fluctuations. The fluctuation area boundary is plotted on the phase diagram using the variation of the MWA temperature dependence with the hole density and is compared with the pseudogap phase behavior.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0912-y
       
  • Compressed Sensing MRI Using Sparsity Averaging and FISTA
    • Authors: Jian-ping Huang; Liang-kuan Zhu; Li-hui Wang; Wen-long Song
      Abstract: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely adopted for clinical diagnosis due to its non-invasively detection. However, acquisition of full k-space data limits its imaging speed. Compressed sensing (CS) provides a new technique to significantly reduce the measurements with high-quality MR image reconstruction. The sparsity of the MR images is one of the crucial bases of CS-MRI. In this paper, we present to use sparsity averaging prior for CS-MRI reconstruction in the basis of that MR images have average sparsity over multiple wavelet frames. The problem is solved using a Fast Iterative Shrinkage Thresholding Algorithm (FISTA), each iteration of which includes a shrinkage step. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated for several types of MR images. The experiment results illustrate that our approach exhibits a better performance than those methods that using redundant frame or a single orthonormal basis to promote sparsity.
      PubDate: 2017-06-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0910-0
       
  • Respiratory Motion Correction of Compressively Sampled Myocardial
           Perfusion Data by Using Robust Matrix Decomposition
    • Authors: Abdul Haseeb Ahmed; Ijaz M. Qureshi; M. Habib Mahmood
      Abstract: Motion correction is a challenging problem in free breathing undersampled cardiac perfusion magnetic resonance images. It is due to aliasing artifacts in the reconstructed images and the rapid contrast changes in the perfusion images. In addition to the reconstruction limitations, many registration algorithms underperforms in the presence of the rapid intensity changes. In this paper, we propose a novel motion correction technique that reconstructs the motion-free images from the undersampled cardiac perfusion MR data. The technique utilizes the robust principal component analysis along with the periodic decomposition to separate the respiratory motion component that can be registered, from the unchanged contrast intensity variations. It was tested on synthetic data, simulated data, and the clinically acquired data. The performance of the method was qualitatively assessed and validated by comparing manually acquired time–intensity curves of the myocardial sectors to automatically generated curves before and after registration.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0907-8
       
  • Resonance Frequency and NMR Relaxation Times in Two Inequivalent 133 Cs in
           Cs 2 CuBr 4 and Cs 2 ZnBr 4 Single Crystals
    • Authors: Ae Ran Lim
      Abstract: The resonance frequencies and relaxation mechanisms of Cs2CuBr4 and Cs2ZnBr4 were examined by static nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) method. Here, the two inequivalent Cs(1) and Cs(2) sites surrounded by Br ions were distinguished. The saturation recovery traces for 133Cs nuclei in Cs2CuBr4 with the paramagnetic ions, and those in Cs2ZnBr4 without the paramagnetic ions were each fitted by four exponential functions. From these results, the spin–lattice relaxation times T1 in the laboratory frame of 133Cs nuclei in the two crystals were obtained, and Cs(1) surrounded by 11 bromide ions has a longer relaxation time than Cs(2) surrounded by 9 bromide ions.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0911-z
       
  • Reduction of Effect of Concomitant Gradients in Low Magnetic Field MRI via
           Optimization of Gradient Magnetic System
    • Authors: Vladimir Chizhik; Vyacheslav Frolov; Pavel Kupryanov; Konstantin Tyutyukin
      Abstract: The effect of concomitant magnetic fields emerging in conjunction with encoding gradients, which is important in the process of the magnetic resonance imaging in low fields, has been considered. The manifestations of concomitant magnetic fields in a concrete gradient system, namely in the system of two coaxial gradient coils, have been thoroughly analyzed. It has been suggested to improve the gradient system via optimization of the interspace between coils on the basis of the standard criterion of the minimum of root-mean-square deviation of the encoding field dependence from a linear one. It has been shown that the optimal interspace is not the Maxwell condition.
      PubDate: 2017-06-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0909-6
       
  • Single-Sequence Multi-Slice NMR in Strong Gradient Magnetic Fields
    • Authors: Baosong Wu; Stephen A. Altobelli; Eiichi Fukushima
      Abstract: We describe and apply a scheme to obtain nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signals from multiple regions in space with a single pulse sequence in systems with strong, usually unavoidable, gradient magnetic fields. This is accomplished with multiple frequency irradiation and reception. Applications described include dual-slice NMR of a fluid to enhance S/N, T 2 measurements of two different samples, and efficient T 1 measurement sequence by interleaving shorter delays within a longer delay for different slices.
      PubDate: 2017-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0899-4
       
  • The 55 Mn Spin Echo Test of Magnon BEC State in MnCO 3
    • Authors: Yu. M. Bunkov; A. V. Klochkov; T. R. Safin; K. R. Safiullin; M. S. Tagirov
      Abstract: The coherent quantum state of magnons—Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) has been observed in several types of antiferromagnets. According to the Bose statistics of magnons, BEC appears when the magnon density exceeds the critical density N BEC and the magnon gas condenses to a quantum liquid. The BEC state is characterized by a coherent precession of the magnetization. In this paper, the first experiments showing the suppression of the spin echo signal by the magnon BEC is presented. These experiments confirm the coherence of magnetic excitations in the BEC state.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0906-9
       
  • Diagnostic Value of Short and Long Echo Time in 1 H-MRS for Patients with
           Multiple Sclerosis
    • Authors: A. A. Bogdan; G. V. Kataeva; J. G. Khomenko; A. G. Ilves; L. N. Prakhova
      Abstract: The quality of the signal received from metabolites in 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) directly depends on physical parameters of the impulse sequence used, namely on Time of Echo (TE). We compare MRS (Achieva 3T PRESS 1H-MRS (TE = 53 and 144 ms, TR = 2000 ms) data acquired in supraventricular white matter and medial cortex at two various TE (53 and 144 ms) for patients with the multiple sclerosis (25 patients with the confirmed diagnosis of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and 20 patients with the diagnosis of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis) and control group (21 healthy volunteers, comparable on age), to evaluate advantages and disadvantages of these two Echo Time in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2017-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0900-2
       
  • The Calcium Carbonate Geological Samples Study by 3 He NMR
    • Authors: Egor Alakshin; Rasul Gazizulin; Alex Klochkov; Ekaterina Kondratyeva; Artem Laskin; Murat Tagirov
      Abstract: Geological samples of calcium carbonates (CaCO3) were investigated by 3He NMR, nitrogen porosimetry, X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy methods. The integral porosity of the samples was obtained by 3He nuclear magnetic resonance method and compared with nitrogen adsorption isotherms data. The advantages of 3He porometry method are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0904-y
       
 
 
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