Subjects -> ENERGY (Total: 414 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENERGY (12 journals)
    - ENERGY (252 journals)
    - ENERGY: GENERAL (7 journals)
    - NUCLEAR ENERGY (40 journals)
    - PETROLEUM AND GAS (58 journals)
    - RENEWABLE ENERGY (45 journals)

PETROLEUM AND GAS (58 journals)

Showing 1 - 55 of 55 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advances in Petroleum Exploration and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 30)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical and Petroleum Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Petroleum     Open Access  
Energy & Fuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Energy Geoscience     Open Access  
Energy Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 77)
Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Extractive Industries and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fuel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fuel Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fuel Processing Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Gases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Petroleum Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience     Open Access  
Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Petroleum Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Petroleum Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Petroleum Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Synthetic Lubrication     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the Energy Institute     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Tribology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Lubrication Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Marine and Petroleum Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Natural Gas & Electricity     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural Gas Industry B     Open Access  
Natural Resources Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
OGEL Oil, Gas and Energy Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Oil and Energy Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Oil and Energy Trends : Annual Statistical Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Oil and Gas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
OPEC Energy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Open Petroleum Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Petroleum     Open Access  
Petroleum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Petroleum Exploration and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Petroleum Research     Open Access  
Petroleum Science     Open Access  
Petroleum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Petrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Pipeline & Gas Journal     Partially Free  
Regional Maritime University Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Rudarsko-geoloŇ°ko-naftni Zbornik     Open Access  
Scientific Drilling     Open Access  
Upstream Oil and Gas Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
World Oil Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2673-5628
Published by MDPI Homepage  [258 journals]
  • Gases, Vol. 3, Pages 57-76: Assessment of the Reverberations Caused by
           Predominant Air Pollutants on Urban Vegetation: A Multi-Site Study in
           Varanasi Located in Indo-Gangetic Plains

    • Authors: Harshita Singh, Pallavi Singh, Shashi Bhushan Agrawal, Madhoolika Agrawal
      First page: 57
      Abstract: Plant responses to air pollution have been extensively studied in urban environments. Nevertheless, detailed and holistic studies assessing their retaliation to air contaminants are still limited. The present study evaluates the effect of criteria pollutants (SO2, NO2, PM10 and O3) on the overall biochemistry and resource allocation strategy of plants in order to categorize the dominant roadside species (Mangifera indica, Psidium guajava, Ficus religiosa, Azadirachta indica, Dalbergia sissoo, Cascabela thevetia and Bougainvillea spectabilis) of the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP), with different morphologies and habits, into species that are tolerant and sensitive to the prevailing air pollutants. This study was performed at three different land-use sites (industrial, commercial and reference) in Varanasi for two seasons (summer and winter). It was inferred that NO2 and PM10 consistently violated the air quality standards at all the sites. The fifteen assessed parameters reflected significant variations depending upon the site, season and plant species whereupon the enzymatic antioxidants (superoxide dismutase and catalase) and resource utilization parameters (leaf area and leaf dry matter content) were remarkably affected. Based on the studied parameters, it was entrenched that deciduous tree species with compound leaves (D. sissoo > A. indica) were identified as the less sensitive, followed by a shrub (C. thevetia > B. spectabilis), while evergreen species with simple leaves were the most sensitive. It was also substantiated that the morphology of the foliage contributed more toward the differential response of the plants to air pollutants than its habit.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2023-04-05
      DOI: 10.3390/gases3020004
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2023)
  • Gases, Vol. 3, Pages 77-91: Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of a
           Hollow Fiber Membrane Module for Binary Gas Mixture

    • Authors: Salman Qadir, Muhammad Ahsan, Arshad Hussain
      First page: 77
      Abstract: The membrane gas separation process has gained significant attention using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique. This study considered the CFD method to find gas concentration profiles in a hollow fiber membrane (HFM) module to separate the binary gas mixture. The membrane was considered with a fiber thickness where each component’s mass fluxes could be obtained based on the local partial pressures, solubility, diffusion, and the membrane’s selectivity. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to solve the numerical solution at corresponding operating conditions and results were compared to experimental data. The two different mixtures, CO2/CH4 and N2/O2, were investigated to obtain concentration gradient and mass flux profiles of CO2 and O2 species in an axial direction. This study allows assessing the feed pressure’s impact on the HFM system’s overall performance. These results demonstrate that the increment in feed pressures decreased the membrane system’s separation performance. The impact of hollow fiber length indicates that increasing the active fiber length has a higher effective mass transfer region but dilutes the permeate-side purities of O2 (46% to 28%) and CO2 (93% to 73%). The results show that increasing inlet pressure and a higher concentration gradient resulted in higher flux through the membrane.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2023-05-22
      DOI: 10.3390/gases3020005
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2023)
  • Gases, Vol. 3, Pages 1-24: A Review on Qualitative Assessment of Natural
           Gas Utilisation Options for Eliminating Routine Nigerian Gas Flaring

    • Authors: Robin Abu, Kumar Patchigolla, Nigel Simms
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Natural gas flaring, with its harmful environmental, health, and economic effects, is common in the Nigerian oil and gas industry because of a lower tax regime for flared gases. Based on the adverse effects of flared gas, the Nigerian government has renewed and improved its efforts to reduce or eliminate gas flaring through the application of natural gas utilisation techniques. However, because the conventional approach to flare gas utilisation is heavily reliant on achieving scale, fuel, and end-product prices, not all technologies are technically and economically viable for typically capturing large and small quantities of associated gas from various flare sites or gas fields (located offshore or onshore). For these reasons, this paper reviews and compares various flare gas utilisation options to guide their proper selection for appropriate implementation in the eradication of routine gas flaring in Nigeria and to promote the Zero Routine Flaring initiative, which aims to reduce flaring levels dramatically by 2030. A qualitative assessment is used in this study to contrast the various flare gas utilisation options against key decision drivers. In this analysis, three natural gas utilisation processes—liquefied natural gas (LNG), gas to wire (GTW), and gas to methanol (GTM)—are recommended as options for Nigeria because of their economic significance, technological viability (both onshore and offshore), and environmental benefits. All these gas utilisation options have the potential to significantly reduce and prevent routine gas flaring in Nigeria and can be used separately or in combination to create synergies that could lower project costs and product market risk. This article clearly identifies the environmental benefits and the technical and economic viability of infrastructure investments to recover and repurpose flare gasses along with recommendation steps to select and optimise economies of scale for an associated natural gas utilisation option.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2023-01-28
      DOI: 10.3390/gases3010001
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2023)
  • Gases, Vol. 3, Pages 25-46: The Hydrogen Color Spectrum: Techno-Economic
           Analysis of the Available Technologies for Hydrogen Production

    • Authors: Jose M. Marín Arcos, Diogo M. F. Santos
      First page: 25
      Abstract: Hydrogen has become the most promising energy carrier for the future. The spotlight is now on green hydrogen, produced with water electrolysis powered exclusively by renewable energy sources. However, several other technologies and sources are available or under development to satisfy the current and future hydrogen demand. In fact, hydrogen production involves different resources and energy loads, depending on the production method used. Therefore, the industry has tried to set a classification code for this energy carrier. This is done by using colors that reflect the hydrogen production method, the resources consumed to produce the required energy, and the number of emissions generated during the process. Depending on the reviewed literature, some colors have slightly different definitions, thus making the classifications imprecise. Therefore, this techno-economic analysis clarifies the meaning of each hydrogen color by systematically reviewing their production methods, consumed energy sources, and generated emissions. Then, an economic assessment compares the costs of the various hydrogen colors and examines the most feasible ones and their potential evolution. The scientific community and industry’s clear understanding of the advantages and drawbacks of each element of the hydrogen color spectrum is an essential step toward reaching a sustainable hydrogen economy.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2023-02-03
      DOI: 10.3390/gases3010002
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2023)
  • Gases, Vol. 3, Pages 47-56: Greenhouse Gas Emissions of the Poultry Sector
           in Greece and Mitigation Potential Strategies

    • Authors: Konstantina Akamati, George P. Laliotis, Iosif Bizelis
      First page: 47
      Abstract: The poultry sector is considered to be one of the most industrialized sectors of livestock production. Although the livestock sector contributes the 14.5% of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, less attention has been paid in the respective emissions of the poultry sector compared to other farmed animals such as ruminants. The aim of the study was to estimate the carbon footprint of the poultry sector (layers, broilers, and backyards) in the Greek territory during the last 60 years as a means of exploring further mitigation strategies. Tier 2 methodology was used to estimate GHG emissions. Different mitigation scenarios related to changes in herd population, feeds, and manure management were examined. GHG emissions showed an increased trend over time. The different scenarios explored showed moderate to high mitigating potential depending on the parameters that were changed. Changes in manure management or diet revealed to have a higher potential to eliminate GHG emissions. Changes in population numbers showed a low mitigating potential. However, if mortality could be improved within industrialized farming systems, then it could be an indirect increase in product quantities with a slight increase in emissions. Therefore, depending on national priorities, the sector could improve its environmental impact by targeting aspects related to husbandry/management practices.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2023-03-14
      DOI: 10.3390/gases3010003
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2023)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 134-146: Statistical Review of the Italian Gas
           Transmission System Operator under Conditions of the COVID-19 Pandemic and
           the Supply Restriction from the Russian Federation

    • Authors: Tomasz Chrulski
      First page: 134
      Abstract: The coronavirus pandemic caused a crisis in industrial economies, enforcing public concern. The first case of the infection in Europe occurred in Italy. Nowadays, in the field of European gas infrastructure, Italy stands as one of the leading countries transporting gaseous fuel to end users. This article provides an overview of the distribution of natural gas flows in the Italian gas infrastructure in the face of the coronavirus outspread in the country and GAZPROM's natural gas supply restrictions for European countries. This article presents, using the ARIMA method, a forecast of natural gas consumption of Italian consumers measured up to 2024.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-10-09
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2040008
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 146-165: Explosive Processes in Permafrost as a

    • Authors: Khimenkov, Stanilovskaya
      First page: 146
      Abstract: The relevance of studying explosive processes in permafrost lies in the prospect of gas production from small gas-saturated zones in the subsurface; the influx of significant amounts of greenhouse gases from frozen soils creates a threat to infrastructure. The purpose of this article is to reveal the general patterns of frozen soils’ transformation in local zones of natural explosions. The greatest volume of information about the processes preceding the formation of gas-emission craters can be obtained by studying the deformations of the cryogenic structure of soil. The typification of the elements of the cryogenic structures of frozen soils that form the walls of various gas-emission craters was carried out. Structural and morphological analyses were used as a methodological basis for studying gas-emission craters. This method involves a set of operations that establishes links between the cryogenic structure of the crater walls and the morphologies of their surfaces. In this study, it is concluded that gas-emission craters are the result of the self-development of local gas-dynamic geosystems that are in a non-equilibrium thermodynamic state with respect to the enclosing permafrost.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-12-07
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2040009
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 74-84: Influence of an Extreme Saharan Dust Event on
           the Air Quality of the West Region of Portugal

    • Authors: João Gomes, Helder Esteves, Luis Rente
      First page: 74
      Abstract: This paper describes how an extreme Saharan dust event that took place in March 2022 affected the Iberian Peninsula and was noticed not only by the outdoor air quality monitoring stations measuring PM2.5 and PM10 but also by indoor air monitoring systems in Fatima, central Portugal. The observed particulate matter concentrations clearly show the influence that such an event has on the indoor air quality inside buildings and that the magnitude of that influence is also dependent on the specific characteristics of the buildings, mainly the ventilation conditions, as should be expected. Therefore, this study alerts us to the necessity of integrating indoor and outdoor air quality monitoring systems to achieve automated air conditioning systems capable of efficiently controlling both temperature and air cleanliness.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-07-07
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2030005
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 85-97: Impact of Coal Orthotropic and Hydraulic
           Fracture on Pressure Distribution in Coalbed Methane Reservoirs

    • Authors: Yaohui Li, Zheng Liu, Shuhui Yan, Yaoxin Yang, Yu Zhou, Zheng Sun
      First page: 85
      Abstract: Coalbed methane (CBM) shows tremendous in situ reserves, attracting a great deal of research interests around the world. The efficient development of CBM is closely related to the dynamic pressure distribution characteristics in the coal seam. As the dominant component of the geological reserve for CBM, the adsorption-state gas will not be exploited until the local coal pressure becomes less than the critical desorption pressure. Therefore, although the CBM reserve is fairly large, the production performance is generally limited, with a poor understanding of the dynamic pressure field during the CBM production. In this work, in order to address this issue properly, the coal’s inherent properties, the coal’s orthotropic features, as well as artificial hydraulic fracturing are considered, all of which affect pressure propagation in the coal seam. Notably, to the current knowledge, the impact of coal’s orthotropic features has received little attention, while the coal’s orthotropic features are formed during a fairly long geological evolution, changing the dynamic pressure field a lot. Numerical simulation is performed to shed light on the pressure propagation behavior. The results show that (a) coal’s orthotropic features mitigate the depressurization process of CBM development; (b) the increasing length of a hydraulic fracture is helpful for efficient decline in the average formation pressure; and (c) there exists an optimal layout mode for multi-well locations to minimize the average pressure. This article provides an in-depth analysis upon pressure distribution in CBM reservoirs under impacts of coal orthotropic feature and hydraulic fractures.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-08-18
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2030006
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 98-133: Carbon Capture from CO2-Rich Natural Gas via
           Gas-Liquid Membrane Contactors with Aqueous-Amine Solvents: A Review

    • Authors: Guilherme Pereira da Cunha, José Luiz de Medeiros, Ofélia de Queiroz F. Araújo
      First page: 98
      Abstract: Gas–liquid membrane contactor is a promising process intensification technology for offshore natural gas conditioning in which weight and footprint constraints impose severe limitations. Thanks to its potential for substituting conventional packed/trayed columns for acid-gas absorption and acid-gas solvent regeneration, gas-liquid membrane contactors have been investigated experimentally and theoretically in the past two decades, wherein aqueous-amine solvents and their blends are the most employed solvents for carbon dioxide removal from natural gas in gas-liquid membrane contactors. These efforts are extensively and critically reviewed in the present work. Experimentally, there are a remarkable lack of literature data in the context of gas–liquid membrane contactors regarding the following topics: water mass transfer; outlet stream temperatures; head-loss; and light hydrocarbons (e.g., ethane, propane, and heavier) mass transfer. Theoretically, there is a lack of complete models to predict gas-liquid membrane contactor operation, considering multicomponent mass balances, energy balances, and momentum balances, with an adequate thermodynamic framework for correct reactive vapor–liquid equilibrium calculation and thermodynamic and transport property prediction. Among the few works covering modeling of gas-liquid membrane contactors and implementation in professional process simulators, none of them implemented all the above aspects in a completely successful way.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2030007
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 22-32: Electrostatic Shock Structures in a Magnetized
           Plasma Having Non-Thermal Particles

    • Authors: Sharmin Jahan, Subrata Banik, Nure Alam Chowdhury, Abdul Mannan, A A Mamun
      First page: 22
      Abstract: A rigorous theoretical investigation has been made on the nonlinear propagation of dust-ion-acoustic shock waves in a multi-component magnetized pair-ion plasma (PIP) having inertial warm positive and negative ions, inertialess non-thermal electrons and positrons, and static negatively charged massive dust grains. The Burgers’ equation is derived by employing the reductive perturbation method. The plasma model supports both positive and negative shock structures in the presence of static negatively charged massive dust grains. It is found that the steepness of both positive and negative shock profiles declines with the increase of ion kinematic viscosity without affecting the height, and the increment of negative (positive) ion mass in the PIP system declines (enhances) the amplitude of the shock profile. It is also observed that the increase in oblique angle raises the height of the positive shock profile, and the height of the positive shock wave increases with the number density of positron. The applications of the findings from the present investigation are briefly discussed.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-03-25
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2020002
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 33-60: Risk Management Assessment in Oil and Gas
           Construction Projects Using Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM)

    • Authors: Mukhtar A. Kassem
      First page: 33
      Abstract: Oil and gas construction projects are of great importance to support and facilitate the process of operation and production. However, these projects usually face chronic risks that lead to time overrun, cost overrun, and poor quality, affecting the projects’ success. Hence, this study focused on identifying, classifying, and modeling the risk factors that have negative effects on the success of construction projects in Yemen. The data were collected through a structured questionnaire. Statistical analysis, relative important index method, and probability impact matrix analysis were carried out to classify and rank the risk factors. The partial least squares path modeling or partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-PM, PLS-SEM) is a method for structural equation modeling that allows an estimation of complex cause–effect relationships in path models with latent variables. PLS-SEM was employed to analyze data collected from a questionnaire survey of 314 participants comprising the clients, contractors, and consultants working in oil and gas construction projects. The results showed that the goodness of fit index of the model is 0.638. The developed model was deemed to fit because the analysis result of the coefficient of determination test (R2) of the model was 0.720, which indicates the significant explanation of the developed model for the relationship between the causes of risks and their effects on the success of projects. The most impacted internal risk categories include project management, feasibility study design, and resource material availability. The main external risk elements include political, economic, and security considerations. The created risk factor model explained the influence of risk factors on the success of construction projects effectively, according to statistical and expert validation tests.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2020003
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 61-73: Efficiency of U.S. Oil and Gas Companies
           toward Energy Policies

    • Authors: Sami Jarboui, Achraf Ghorbel, Ahmed Jeribi
      First page: 61
      Abstract: The petroleum industry faces crucial environmental problems that exacerbate business instability, such as climate change and greenhouse gas emission regulations. Generally, governments focus on pricing, environmental protection, and supply security when developing energy policy. This article evaluates the technical efficiency of 53 oil and gas companies in the United States during the period 1998–2018 using the stochastic frontier analysis methods and investigates the degree to which energy policies influence the efficiency levels in these companies. Our empirical results show that the average technical efficiency of the 53 U.S. oil and gas companies is 0.75 and confirm that prices, production, consumption, and reserves of the U.S. petroleum and gas have a significant influence on technical efficiency levels. Specifically, our findings show that renewable energy and nuclear power contribute to explaining the distortion between the optimal and observed output of the U.S. oil and gas companies.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-06-09
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2020004
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Gases, Vol. 2, Pages 1-21: Adsorption Factors in Enhanced Coal Bed Methane
           Recovery: A Review

    • Authors: Theodora Noely Tambaria, Yuichi Sugai, Ronald Nguele
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Enhanced coal bed methane recovery using gas injection can provide increased methane extraction depending on the characteristics of the coal and the gas that is used. Accurate prediction of the extent of gas adsorption by coal are therefore important. Both experimental methods and modeling have been used to assess gas adsorption and its effects, including volumetric and gravimetric techniques, as well as the Ono–Kondo model and other numerical simulations. Thermodynamic parameters may be used to model adsorption on coal surfaces while adsorption isotherms can be used to predict adsorption on coal pores. In addition, density functional theory and grand canonical Monte Carlo methods may be employed. Complementary analytical techniques include Fourier transform infrared, Raman spectroscopy, XR diffraction, and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This review summarizes the cutting-edge research concerning the adsorption of CO2, N2, or mixture gas onto coal surfaces and into coal pores based on both experimental studies and simulations.
      Citation: Gases
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.3390/gases2010001
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

Your IP address:
Home (Search)
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-