Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 928 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (59 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (661 journals)
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CHEMISTRY (661 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 601 - 735 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 85)
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Sensors and Actuators Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Separation & Purification Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Separation Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Separations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Silicon Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Small Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Small Science     Open Access  
Small Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Smart Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
SmartMat     Open Access  
Soft     Open Access  
Soft Nanoscience Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Solar RRL     Hybrid Journal  
Solid State Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Solid State Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
SPE Polymers     Open Access  
Spectral Analysis Review     Open Access  
Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Starch / Staerke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Steel Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Structural Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Substantia     Open Access  
Supramolecular Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Supramolecular Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Surface and Coatings Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Surface Science Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Surfaces     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Surfaces and Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sustainable Chemical Processes     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Synlett     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Synthesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Talanta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Talanta Open     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tecnología Química     Open Access  
Telematics and Informatics Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tenside Surfactants Detergents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tetrahedron     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Tetrahedron Chem     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tetrahedron Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The All Results Journals : Chem     Open Access  
The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The Enzymes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Protein Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Theoretical and Experimental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Theoretical Chemistry Accounts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thermochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Tip Revista Especializada en Ciencias Quimico-Biologicas     Open Access  
Topics in Current Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Toxicology International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Toxicology Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Transition Metal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Trends in Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Turkish Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Open Access  
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Universal Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Vietnam Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Western Undergraduate Research Journal : Health and Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Computational Molecular Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
World Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
X-Ray Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Journal Cover
Topics in Current Chemistry
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2365-0869 - ISSN (Online) 2364-8961
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • The Molecular Diversity of 1H-Indole-3-Carbaldehyde Derivatives and Their
           Role in Multicomponent Reactions

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      Abstract: 1H-Indole-3-carbaldehyde and related members of the indole family are ideal precursors for the synthesis of active molecules. 1H-Indole-3-carbaldehyde and its derivatives are essential and efficient chemical precursors for generating biologically active structures. Multicomponent reactions (MCRs) offer access to complex molecules. This review highlights the recent applications of 1H-indole-3-carbaldehyde in such inherently sustainable multicomponent reactions from the period, 2014 to 2021 and provides an overview of the field that awaits further exploitation in the assembly of pharmaceutically interesting scaffolds. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
       
  • Photon Upconversion Systems Based on Triplet–Triplet Annihilation as
           Photosensitizers for Chemical Transformations

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      Abstract: Abstract Photon upconversion (UC) based on triplet–triplet annihilation (TTA) is considered one of the most attractive methodologies for switching wavelengths from lower to higher energy. This two-photon process, which requires the involvement of a bimolecular system, has been widely used in numerous fields such as bioimaging, solar cells, displays, drug delivery, and so on. In the last years, we have witnessed the harnessing of this concept by the organic community who have developed new strategies for synthetic purposes. Interestingly, the generation of high-energetic species by this phenomenon has provided the opportunity not only to photoredox activate compounds with high-energy demanding bonds, expanding the reactivity window that lies outside the energy window of the initial irradiation wavelength, but also to sensitized conventional photocatalysts through energy transfer processes even employing infrared irradiation. Herein, an overview of the principal examples found in literature is described where TTA–UC systems are found to be suitable photosensitizers for several chemical transformations.
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
       
  • Development and Challenge of Fluorescent Probes for Bioimaging
           Applications: From Visualization to Diagnosis

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      Abstract: Abstract Fluorescent probes have been used widely in bioimaging, including biological substance detection, cell imaging, in vivo biochemical reaction process tracking, and disease biomarker monitoring, and have gradually occupied an indispensable position. Compared with traditional biological imaging technologies, such as positron emission tomography (PET) and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the attractive advantages of fluorescent probes, such as real-time imaging, in-depth visualization, and less damage to biological samples, have made them increasingly popular. Among them, ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) fluorescent probes still occupy the mainstream in the field of fluorescent probes due to the advantages of available structure, simple synthesis, strong versatility, and wide application. In recent years, fluorescent probes have become an indispensable tool for bioimaging and have greatly promoted the development of diagnostics. In this review, we focus on the structure, design strategies, advantages, representative probes and latest discoveries in application fields of UV–visible fluorescent probes developed in the past 3–5 years based on several fluorophores. We look forward to future development trends of fluorescent probes from the perspective of bioimaging and diagnostics. This comprehensive review may facilitate the development of more powerful fluorescent sensors for broad and exciting applications in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-04-12
       
  • Evolution of the Automatic Rhodopsin Modeling (ARM) Protocol

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      Abstract: Abstract In recent years, photoactive proteins such as rhodopsins have become a common target for cutting-edge research in the field of optogenetics. Alongside wet-lab research, computational methods are also developing rapidly to provide the necessary tools to analyze and rationalize experimental results and, most of all, drive the design of novel systems. The Automatic Rhodopsin Modeling (ARM) protocol is focused on providing exactly the necessary computational tools to study rhodopsins, those being either natural or resulting from mutations. The code has evolved along the years to finally provide results that are reproducible by any user, accurate and reliable so as to replicate experimental trends. Furthermore, the code is efficient in terms of necessary computing resources and time, and scalable in terms of both number of concurrent calculations as well as features. In this review, we will show how the code underlying ARM achieved each of these properties.
      PubDate: 2022-03-15
       
  • Enantioselective Allylic C–H Bond Oxidation of Olefins Using Copper
           Complexes of Chiral Oxazoline Based Ligands

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      Abstract: Abstract This review article discusses historical and contemporary research studies of asymmetric allylic oxidation of olefins using homogeneous and heterogeneous copper complexes of various kinds of oxazoline-based ligands, until the end of 2021. It is revealed that this strategy is a powerful method to form a new stereogenic center bearing an oxygen substituent adjacent to an unchanged C=C bond. Enantioselectivities as well as chemical yields, and also the reactivity, are strongly dependent on the type of substrate, oxidant, the copper salt and its oxidation state, ligand structure, temperature, nature of the solvent, and additives such as phenylhydrazine and porous materials.
      PubDate: 2022-03-10
       
  • Reaction Space Projector (ReSPer) for Visualizing Dynamic Reaction Routes
           Based on Reduced-Dimension Space

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      Abstract: Abstract To analyze chemical reaction dynamics based on a reaction path network, we have developed the “Reaction Space Projector” (ReSPer) method with the aid of the dimensionality reduction method. This program has two functions: the construction of a reduced-dimensionality reaction space from a molecular structure dataset, and the projection of dynamic trajectories into the low-dimensional reaction space. In this paper, we apply ReSPer to isomerization and bifurcation reactions of the Au5 cluster and succeed in analyzing dynamic reaction routes involved in multiple elementary reaction processes, constructing complicated networks (called “closed islands”) of nuclear permutation-inversion (NPI) isomerization reactions, and elucidating dynamic behaviors in bifurcation reactions with reference to bundles of trajectories. Interestingly, in the second application, we find a correspondence between the contribution ratios in the ability to visualize and the symmetry of the morphology of closed islands. In addition, the third application suggests the existence of boundaries that determine the selectivity in bifurcation reactions, which was discussed in the phase space. The ReSPer program is a versatile and robust tool to clarify dynamic reaction mechanisms based on the reduced-dimensionality reaction space without prior knowledge of target reactions.
      PubDate: 2022-03-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00377-7
       
  • Recent Progress in Indacenodithiophene-Based Acceptor Materials for
           Non-Fullerene Organic Solar Cells

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      Abstract: Domesticating solar energy by exploiting photovoltaic technology has become a quintessential strategy for future global energy production. Since 2015, non-fullerene organic solar cells (NF-OSC) have attracted a great deal of attention owing to the marvellous properties of non-fullerene acceptors (NFA) such as structural versability, broad absorption, suitable energy levels, tunable charge transport and morphology, leading to remarkable accomplishments in power conversion efficiency (PCE) from 1% to nearly 20%. One class of materials is provided by the fused ring aromatic indacenodithiophene (IDT) and its derivatives, which are emerging continuously as promising next-generation building blocks to construct high performance photovoltaic materials. Encouraging PCEs of more than 15% have been achieved in their binary NF-OSCs, while careful device engineering and proper amalgamation of a third component have led to PCEs of almost 18% in ternary devices. This review surveys recent developments in the area of IDT-based materials for photovoltaic applications. Different strategies to develop efficient IDT-based NFA and factors influencing the bandgaps, molecular energy levels, charge transport properties, and film morphologies, as well as the photovoltaic performance of these materials, are discussed. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00372-y
       
  • The Role of Metal Nanoparticles in Promoting Photocatalysis by TiO2

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      Abstract: Abstract In this review, we highlight the role played by metal nanoparticles (NPs) in photocatalytic oxidation with titania as a support. This is presented in two parts, namely, partial photo-oxidation in which an organic sacrificial agent is oxidised in anaerobic conditions to produce hydrogen (photo-reforming), and photo-oxidative mineralisation of organics in aerobic conditions. We present some rules for such reactions that dictate which organic molecules can react readily, and which metals are likely to be useful for such reactions. Generally, the presence of metal NPs enhances enormously the ability of titania to yield hydrogen from photo-reforming, and a wide range of molecules can be used, including biomass. The metal NPs most used are those that are easily reduced, that is, the precious metals. The large enhancement in rate seen with metal for hydrogen production is not so extreme for the oxidation reactions, but is still significant. An important factor in all of this catalysis is the nature of the interaction between the metal NPs, which can play a multiplicity of chemical and electronic roles, and the photoactive support. A sharp dependency of rate on loading of metal is found, with maximum rates at ~0.5–2 wt% loading, depending on the metal used. The source of this dependency is the bifunctional nature of the system, in which the intimacy of both materials is crucial to performance. This rate variation is linked to the interface between the two, which is then linked to the size of the metal NPs. In fact, the rate is proportional to an area adjacent to the metal particles that we call the expanding photocatalytic area and overlap (EPAO) kinetic model. This model describes the dependence well. Rising rates with increasing coverage of particles is associated with increase in this total area but, at the maximum, these areas overlap and at higher loadings the available active area diminishes, reproducing the observed behaviour well.
      PubDate: 2022-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00373-x
       
  • Total RNA Synthesis and its Covalent Labeling Innovation

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      Abstract: Abstract RNA plays critical roles in a wide range of physiological processes. For example, it is well known that RNA plays an important role in regulating gene expression, cell proliferation, and differentiation, and many other chemical and biological processes. However, the research community still suffers from limited approaches that can be applied to readily visualize a specific RNA-of-interest (ROI). Several methods can be used to track RNAs; these rely mainly on biological properties, namely, hybridization, aptamer, reporter protein, and protein binding. With respect to covalent approaches, very few cases have been reported. Happily, several new methods for efficient labeling studies of ROIs have been demonstrated successfully in recent years. Additionally, methods employed for the detection of ROIs by RNA modifying enzymes have also proved feasible. Several approaches, namely, phosphoramidite chemistry, in vitro transcription reactions, co-transcription reactions, chemical post-modification, RNA modifying enzymes, ligation, and other methods targeted at RNA labeling have been revealed in the past decades. To illustrate the most recent achievements, this review aims to summarize the most recent research in the field of synthesis of RNAs-of-interest bearing a variety of unnatural nucleosides, the subsequent RNA labeling research via biocompatible ligation, and beyond.
      PubDate: 2022-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00371-z
       
  • NAST: Nonadiabatic Statistical Theory Package for Predicting Kinetics of
           Spin-Dependent Processes

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      Abstract: Abstract We present a nonadiabatic statistical theory (NAST) package for predicting kinetics of spin-dependent processes, such as intersystem crossings, spin-forbidden unimolecular reactions, and spin crossovers. The NAST package can calculate the probabilities and rates of transitions between the electronic states of different spin multiplicities. Both the microcanonical (energy-dependent) and canonical (temperature-dependent) rate constants can be obtained. Quantum effects, including tunneling, zero-point vibrational energy, and reaction path interference, can be accounted for. In the limit of an adiabatic unimolecular reaction proceeding on a single electronic state, NAST reduces to the traditional transition state theory. Because NAST requires molecular properties at only a few points on potential energy surfaces, it can be applied to large molecular systems, used with accurate high-level electronic structure methods, and employed to study slow nonadiabatic processes. The essential NAST input data include the nuclear Hessian at the reactant minimum, as well as the nuclear Hessians, energy gradients, and spin–orbit coupling at the minimum energy crossing point (MECP) between two states. The additional computational tools included in the NAST package can be used to extract the required input data from the output files of electronic structure packages, calculate the effective Hessian at the MECP, and fit the reaction coordinate for more advanced NAST calculations. We describe the theory, its implementation, and three examples of application to different molecular systems.
      PubDate: 2022-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00366-w
       
  • Bioactive Chitosan-Based Organometallic Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering
           and Regeneration

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      Abstract: Abstract Captivating achievements in developing advanced hybrid biostructures through integrating natural biopolymers with inorganic materials (e.g., metals and metalloids) have paved the way towards the application of bioactive organometallic scaffolds (OMSs) in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM). Of various biopolymers, chitosan (CS) has been used widely for the development of bioactive OMSs, in large part due to its unique characteristics (e.g., biocompatibility, biodegradability, surface chemistry, and functionalization potential). In integration with inorganic elements, CS has been used to engineer advanced biomimetic matrices to accommodate both embedded cells and drug molecules and serve as scaffolds in TERM. The use of the CS-based OMSs is envisioned to provide a new pragmatic potential in TERM and even in precision medicine. In this review, we aim to elaborate on recent achievements in a variety of CS/metal, CS/metalloid hybrid scaffolds, and discuss their applications in TERM. We also provide comprehensive insights into the formulation, surface modification, characterization, biocompatibility, and cytotoxicity of different types of CS-based OMSs.
      PubDate: 2022-02-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00364-y
       
  • Sonochemical Protocols for Heterocyclic Synthesis: A Representative Review

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      Abstract: Abstract In the present era of the industrial revolution, we all are familiar with ever-increasing environmental pollution released from various chemical processes. Chemical production has had a severe impact on the environment and human health. For the betterment of our environment, the chemical community has turned their interest to developing green, harmless and sustainable synthetic processes. To accomplish these goals of green chemistry, the extraordinary properties of sonication play an important role. It is well known that sonochemistry can make decisive contributions to creating high pressures of almost 1000 atm and very high temperatures in the range of 4500–5000 °C. The implementation of ultrasound in chemical transformations somehow fulfils the measures of green chemistry, as it reduces energy consumption, enhances product selectivity, and uses lesser amounts of hazardous chemicals and solvents. Furthermore, heterocyclic synthesis under ultrasonication offers several environmental and process-related advantages compared with conventional methods. The remarkable contribution of ultrasonics to the development of green and sustainable synthetic routes inspired us to write this article. Herein, we have discussed only some of the various synthetic methodologies developed for the construction of heterocyclic cores under ultrasonic irradiation, accompanied by mechanistic insights. In some cases, a comparison between sonochemical conditions and conventional conditions has also been investigated. We emphasized principally ‘up to date’ developments on various sono-accelerated chemical transformations comprising aza-Michael, aldol reactions, C–C couplings, oxidation, cycloadditions, multi-component reactions, etc. for the synthesis of heterocycles.
      PubDate: 2022-02-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00369-7
       
  • Current Synthetic Approaches to the Synthesis of Carbasugars from
           Non-Carbohydrate Sources

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      Abstract: Abstract Carbasugars are a group of carbohydrate derivatives in which the ring oxygen is replaced by a methylene group, producing a molecule with a nearly identical structure but highly different behavior. Over time, this definition has been extended to include other unsaturated cyclohexenols and carba-, di-, and polysaccharides. Such molecules can be found in bacterial strains and the human body, acting as neurotransmitters (e.g., inositol trisphosphate). In science, there are a wide range of research areas that are affected by, and involve, carbasugars, such as studies on enzyme inhibition, lectin-binding, and even HIV and cancer treatment. In this review article, different methods for synthesizing carbasugars, their derivatives, and similar cyclohexanes presenting comparable characteristics are summarized and evaluated, utilizing diverse starting materials and synthetic procedures.
      PubDate: 2022-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00370-0
       
  • Vision on Synthetic and Medicinal Facets of
           1,2,4-Triazolo[3,4-b][1,3,4]thiadiazine Scaffold

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      Abstract: The present review article strives to compile the latest synthetic approaches for the synthesis of triazolothiadiazine and its derivatives, along with their diverse pharmacological activities, viz. anticancer, antimicrobial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, enzyme inhibitors (carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, cholinesterase inhibitors, alkaline phosphatase inhibitors, anti-lipase activity, and aromatase inhibitors) and antitubercular agents. The review focuses particularly on the structure–activity relationship of biologically important 1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-b][1,3,4]thiadiazines, which have profound importance in drug design, discovery and development. In silico pharmacokinetic and molecular modeling studies have also been summarized. It is hoped that this review article will be of help to researchers engaged in the development of new biologically active entities for the rational design and development of new target-oriented 1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-b][1,3,4]thiadiazine-based drugs for the treatment of multifunctional diseases. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-02-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00365-x
       
  • Research Progress of FeSe-based Superconductors Containing Ammonia/Organic
           Molecules Intercalation

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      Abstract: Abstract As an important part of Fe-based superconductors, FeSe-based superconductors have become a hot field in condensed matter physics. The exploration and preparation of such superconducting materials form the basis of studying their physical properties. With the help of various alkali/alkaline-earth/rare-earth metals, different kinds of ammonia/organic molecules have been intercalated into the FeSe layer to form a large number of FeSe-based superconductors with diverse structures and different layer spacing. Metal cations can effectively provide carriers to the superconducting FeSe layer, thus significantly increasing the superconducting transition temperature. The orientation of organic molecules often plays an important role in structural modification and can be used to fine-tune superconductivity. This review introduces the crystal structures and superconducting properties of several typical FeSe-based superconductors containing ammonia/organic molecules intercalation discovered in recent years, and the effects of FeSe layer spacing and superconducting transition temperature are briefly summarized.
      PubDate: 2022-02-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00368-8
       
  • Proton Conductive Lanthanide-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks: Synthesis
           Strategies, Structural Features, and Recent Progress

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      Abstract: In the fields of proton exchange membrane fuel cells as well as impedance recognition, molecular sieve, and biochemistry, the development of proton conductive materials is essential. The design and preparation of the next generation of proton conductive materials—crystalline metal–organic framework (MOF) materials with high proton conductivity and excellent water stability—are facing great challenges. Due to the large radius and high positive charge of lanthanides, they often interact with organic ligands to exhibit high coordination numbers and flexible coordination configurations, resulting in the higher stability of lanthanide-based MOFs (Ln-MOFs) than their transition metal analogues, especially regarding water stability. Therefore, Ln-MOFs have attracted considerable attention. This review offers a view of the latest progress of proton conductive Ln-MOFs, including synthesis strategy, structural characteristics, and advantages, proton conductivity, proton conductive mechanism, and applications. More importantly, by discussing structure–property relationships, we searched for and analyzed design techniques and directions of development of Ln-MOFs in the future. Graphical The latest progress of synthesis strategy, structural characteristics, proton conductive properties and mechanism and applications on Ln-MOFs. Ln-MOFS Lanthanide-based MOFs, MOF metal–organic framework, PEMFC proton exchange membrane fuel cells
      PubDate: 2022-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-022-00367-9
       
  • Coupled- and Independent-Trajectory Approaches Based on the Exact
           Factorization Using the PyUNIxMD Package

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      Abstract: Abstract We present mixed quantum-classical approaches based on the exact factorization framework. The electron–nuclear correlation term in the exact factorization enables us to deal with quantum coherences by accounting for electronic and nuclear nonadiabatic couplings effectively within classical nuclei approximation. We compare coupled- and independent-trajectory approximations with each other to understand algorithms in description of the bifurcation of nuclear wave packets and the correct spatial distribution of electronic wave functions along with nuclear trajectories. Finally, we show numerical results for comparisons of coupled- and independent-trajectory approaches for the photoisomerization of a protonated Schiff base from excited state molecular dynamics (ESMD) simulations with the recently developed Python-based ESMD code, namely, the PyUNIxMD program.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-021-00361-7
       
  • Single-Atoms on Covalent or Metal–Organic Frameworks: Current Findings
           and Perspectives for Pollutants Abatement, Hydrogen Evolution, and
           Reduction of CO2

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      Abstract: Abstract Nowadays, attention to single-atoms and also porous structures like metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent-organic frameworks (COFs) for the preparation of high-performance material is expanding rapidly. These dazzling materials with unprecedented properties have lots of applications, especially as promising catalysts for organic pollutants abatement, hydrogen evolution, reduction of CO2, etc. To provide an in-depth understanding, in this mini-review, we begin with a brief description and a general background about single-atoms, COFs, as well as MOFs. After considering some fundamentals, the synergism effects, advantages, and their applications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-021-00363-5
       
  • Recent Progress in Near-Infrared Organic Electroluminescent Materials

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      Abstract: Abstract Near-infrared (NIR) refers to the section of the spectrum from 650 to 2500 nm. NIR luminescent materials are widely employed in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), fiber optic communication, sensing, biological detection, and medical imaging. This paper reviews organic NIR electroluminescent materials, including organic NIR electrofluorescent materials and organic NIR electrophosphorescent materials that have been investigated in the past 6 years. Small-molecule, polymer NIR fluorescent materials and platinum(II) and iridium(III) complex NIR phosphorescent materials are described, and the limitations of the development of NIR luminescent materials and future prospects are discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-021-00357-3
       
  • Review on Amphiphilic Ionic Liquids as New Surfactants: From Fundamentals
           to Applications

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      Abstract: Abstract The demand for lowering interfacial tension (IFT) in different processes has persuaded researchers to use stable and resistant surfactants with low environmental impact. For this purpose, surface-active ionic liquids (SAILs) have attracted much attention owing to their good amphiphilic nature and prominent properties like recyclability and high performance under harsh conditions. This review initially explains how the IFT and critical micelle concentration of different systems vary in the presence of different SAILs with a variety of alkyl chain lengths, head groups, and counter anions. Towards this aim, some physicochemical properties of SAILs as well as the corresponding theoretical aspects of adsorption are considered. Then, recent advances in utilizing SAILs for reducing IFT of different chemical systems are surveyed. Relevantly, the role of important operating parameters of temperature, pH, presence of electrolytes, and the chemical nature of involved phases are adequately discussed. Further, an overview of different SAILs applications in stabilization, separation, and in petroleum industries is scrutinized. To allow better judgment, precise comparisons between different types of SAILs and conventional surfactants are provided. Finally, challenges and possible directions of future research on SAILs are highlighted.
      PubDate: 2021-11-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s41061-021-00362-6
       
 
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