Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 1001 journals)
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    - CHEMISTRY (726 journals)
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    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (45 journals)
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    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (71 journals)

CHEMISTRY (726 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounts of Materials Research     Hybrid Journal  
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ACS Applied Polymer Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
ACS Materials Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 453)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Chemica Malaysia     Open Access  
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section A     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section B     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 108)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alchemy : Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alchemy : Jurnal Penelitian Kimia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alotrop     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 354)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio AA – Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 486)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cell Reports Physical Science     Open Access  
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 88)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Chemical Physics Letters : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Chemical Science International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry     Open Access  
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chemistry & Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 225)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Africa : A Journal of the Tunisian Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry Education Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistrySelect     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry–Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
ChemNanoMat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemPhotoChem     Hybrid Journal  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chempublish Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemSystemsChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Acta Chimica Slovenica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.274
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1580-3155
Published by Slovenian Chemical Society Homepage  [1 journal]
  • DRUŠTVENE VESTI IN DRUGE AKTIVNOSTI – SOCIETY NEWS,
           ANNOUNCEMENTS, ACTIVITIES

    • Authors: Stanislav Oražem
      Pages: 85 - 108
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • "Kisanje" severnega Jadrana

    • Authors: Jadran Faganeli, Nives Ogrinc, Samo Tamše, Bor Krajnc, Valentina Turk, Alenka Malej, Nives Kovač
      Pages: 87 - 93
      Abstract: Prikazan je kratek pregled dosedanjega znanja o karbonatnerm ravnotežju severnega Jadrana, ki je dobro pufran zaradi dotoka karbonata z rekami alpskega in kraškega izvora in s tem omejenemu  "kisanju". V prihodnosti napovedujemo še vedno uravnoteženost s povečanim raztapljanjem CO2. V plitvih evtrofnih obalnih vodah bo kahko povezan vpliv povečanja atmosferskega CO2, naraščajoče temperature in rečnega vnosa antropogenega CO2 ter zmanjšane puferske kapacitete povečal "kisanje" morja in pomembno vplival na karbonatne organizme.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.7002
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Analytical Modelling of Thermodynamic and Transport Anomalies of Water

    • Authors: Tomaž Urbič
      Pages: 505 - 520
      Abstract: The structures and properties of biomolecules like proteins, nucleic acids, and membranes depend on water. Water is also very important in industry. Overall, water is an unusual substance with more than 70 anomalous properties. The understanding of water is advancing significantly due to the theoretical and computational modeling. There are different kinds of models, models with fine-scale properties and increasing structural detail with increasing computational expense, and simple models, which focus on global properties of water like thermodynamics, phase diagram and are less computationally expensive. Simplified models give a better understanding of water in ways that complement more complex models. Here, we review analytical modelling of properties of water on different levels, the two- and three-dimensional Mercedes– Benz (MB) models of water and experimental water.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.7048
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Acute Toxicity of Insecticide Thiamethoxam to Crayfish (Astacus
           leptodactylus): Alterations in Oxidative Stress Markers, ATPases and
           Cholinesterase

    • Authors: Miraç Uçkun, Ertan Yoloğlu, Aysel Alkan Uçkun, Özden Barım Öz
      Pages: 521 - 531
      Abstract: Thiamethoxam (Thmx) is a globally used neonicotinoid pesticide contaminated in freshwater ecosystems with residues detected in fishery products. Astacus leptodactylus is a popular freshwater crustacean  that is cultivated and exported in many countries. In this study, we investigated the acute toxic effects of Thmx on A. leptodactylus using various biomarkers (acetylcholinesterase, carboxylesterase, glutathione S-transferase, glutathione, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and adenosinetriphosphatases). The 96-h LC50 value of Thmx was calculated as 8.95 mg active ingredient L-1. As the dose of Thmx increased, oxidative stress was induced by the inhibition/activation of antioxidant enzymes, while the activities of acetylcholinesterase, carboxylesterase and adenosinetriphosphatases were inhibited. As a result, it can be said that Thmx has highly toxic effects on crayfish, therefore they are under threat in the areas where this pesticide is used.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6823
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • A Novel Tetranuclear Silver Compound with
           bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)acetate: a Simple Synthesis Yielding Complex
           Crystal Structure

    • Authors: Marta Počkaj, Nives Kitanovski
      Pages: 532 - 540
      Abstract: A novel tetranuclear silver coordination compound with the formula [Ag4(bdmpza)4]×10H2O (bdmpza = bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)acetate) was synthesized by a reaction between an aqueous solution of silver nitrate and an aqueous solution prepared by bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)acetic acid and potassium  hydroxide (1:1 molar ratio). The obtained compound was characterized by elemental analysis, coupled thermogravimetric–mass spectrometry analysis, vibrational IR spectroscopy, and its crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction method. Furthermore, the obtained crystal structure was additionally evaluated by Hirshfeld surface analysis.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6961
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis, Characterization and Crystal Structures of Fluoro-Substituted
           Aroylhydrazones with Antimicrobial Activity

    • Authors: Fu-Ming Wang, Li-Jie Li, Guo-Wei Zang, Tong-Tong Deng, Zhong-Lu You
      Pages: 541 - 547
      Abstract: A series of five new fluoro-substituted aroylhydrazones were prepared and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis and 1H NMR spectroscopy, as well as single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas fluorescence) and antifungal (Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger) activities by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) method. The biological assay indicated that the presence of the electron-withdrawing groups in the aroylhydrazones improved their antimicrobial activities.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6051
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Efficient Removal of Aqueous Manganese (II) Cations by Activated Opuntia
           Ficus Indica Powder: Adsorption Performance and Mechanism

    • Authors: Boutheina Djobbi, Ghofrane Lassoued Ben Miled, Hatem Raddadi, Rached Ben Hassen
      Pages: 548 - 561
      Abstract: The adsorption of manganese ions from aqueous solutions by pure and acid-treated Opuntia ficus indica as natural low-cost and eco-friendly adsorbents was investigated. The adsorbents’ structures were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. Specific surface areas were determined using the Brunauer-Emmett-Tell equation. The study was carried out under various parameters influencing the manganese removal efficiency such as pH, temperature, contact time, adsorbent dose and initial concentration of manganese ion. The maximum adsorption capacity reached 42.02 mg/g for acid-treated Opuntia ficus indica, and only 20.8 mg /g for pure Opuntia ficus indica. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherms equations were tested, and the best fit was obtained by the Langmuir model for both adsorbents. The thermodynamic study shows that chemisorption is the main adsorption mechanism for the activated adsorbent while physisorption is the main adsorption mechanism for the pure adsorbent. The kinetics of the adsorption have been studied using four kinetics models of pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, Elovich and intraparticle diffusion. Structural analyses indicate the appearance of MnOx oxides on the cellulose fibers. The adsorption mechanisms consist of an electrostatic interaction followed by oxidation of the Mn (II) to higher degrees, then probably by binding to the surface of the adsorbent by different C-O-MnOx bonds.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6248
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Benzothiazolylhydrazone-Based Turn-on Fluorescent Probe for Detecting
           Cu2+: S-donor as a Cu2+-induced Fluorescence Quenching Inhibitor

    • Authors: Qiao Li, Yang Zhao, Enju Wang
      Pages: 562 - 566
      Abstract: The fluorescent turn-on detection of metal ions is highly desirable for public health and environmental security. Herein, we report a rationally designed fluorescent probe (1) for the detection of Cu2+ synthesized by integrating 2-hydrazinylbenzothiazole with 3-acetyl-7-hydroxycoumarin. The probe alone is non-fluorescent due to the isomerization of C=N in the excited state. The addition of Cu2+ can cause a delayed fluorescence enhancement. A comparative study of 1 and its analogues indicated that the turn-on fluorescence response was thanks to the sulfur atom coordinating to Cu2+. The response delay of 1 in sensing Cu2+ was ascribed to the gradual transition from N-coordination to S-coordination (N and S in thiazole moiety). The proposed new function of S-donor would provide a new approach for the turn-on fluorescence sensation of Cu2+.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6324
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis, Structures, and Antibacterial Activities of Hydrazone Compounds
           Derived from 4-Dimethylaminobenzohydrazide

    • Authors: Guo-Xu He, Ling-Wei Xue
      Pages: 567 - 574
      Abstract: A series of three new hydrazone compounds derived from the condensation reactions of 4-dimethylaminobenzohydrazide with 4-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde, 2-chloro-5-nitrobenzaldehyde and 3-methoxybenzaldehyde, respectively, were prepared. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared and UV-vis spectra, HRMS, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystals of the compounds are stabilized by hydrogen bonds. The compounds were assayed for antibacterial (Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas fluorescence and Staphylococcus aureus) and antifungal (Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans) activities by MTT method. The results indicated that compound 2 is an effective antibacterial material.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6333
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Artificial Neural Networks and Response Surface Methodology approach for
           optimization of an eco-friendly and detergent-stable lipase production
           from Actinomadura keratinilytica strain Cpt29

    • Authors: Noura Semache, Fatiha Benamia, Bilal Kerouaz, Inès Belhaj, Selma Bounour, Hafedh Belghith, Ali Gargouri, Ali Ladjama, Zeineddine Djeghaba
      Pages: 575 - 586
      Abstract: This work mainly focused on the production of an efficient, economical, and eco-friendly lipase (AKL29) from Actinomadura keratinilytica strain Cpt29 isolated from poultry compost in north east of Algeria, for use in detergent industries. AKL29 shows a significant lipase activity (45 U/mL) towards hydrolyzed triacylglycerols, indicating that it is a true lipase. For maximum lipase production the modeling and optimization of potential culture parameters such as incubation temperature, cultivation time, and Tween 80 (v/v) were built using RSM and ANN approaches. The results show that both the two models provided good quality predictions, yet the ANN showed a clear superiority over RSM for both data fitting and estimation capabilities. A 4.1-fold increase in lipase production was recorded under the following optimal condition: incubation temperature (37.9 °C), cultivation time (111 h), and Tween 80 (3.27%, v/v). Furthermore, the partially purified lipase showed good stability, high compatibility, and significant wash performance with various commercial laundry detergents, making this novel lipase a promising potential candidate for detergent industries.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6401
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Biosorption of Hexavalent Chromium Metal Ions by Lentinula Edodes Biomass:
           Kinetic, Isothermal, and Thermodynamic Parameters

    • Authors: Aslı Göçenoğlu Sarıkaya
      Pages: 587 - 593
      Abstract: Lentinula edodes was investigated as a biosorbent for hexavalent chromium biosorption in this study. To examine the optimum conditions of biosorption, the pH of the hexavalent chromium solution, biosorbent dosage, temperature, contact time, and initial hexavalent chromium concentration were identified. Further, to clarify the biosorption mechanism process, the isothermal, kinetic, and thermodynamic parameters were determined. The functional groups and surface morphology of the biosorbent were identified using Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy in the absence and presence of hexavalent chromium, respectively. Based on the results, the maximum biosorption capacity was determined as 194.57 mg g–1 under acidic conditions at 45 °C. From the kinetics studies, the biosorption process was observed to follow the Freundlich isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic models well. Thus, L. edodes as a biosorbent has potential usage for wastewater treatment owing to its effective biosorption capacity.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6408
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Ultrasmall Monodisperse NiO Nanocrystals as a Heterogeneous Catalyst for
           the A3-Coupling Reaction Toward Propargylamines

    • Authors: Mohsen Moradian, Masoomeh Nazarabi
      Pages: 594 - 603
      Abstract: Ultrasmall monodisperse NiO nanoparticles (7–9 nm) were synthesized through thermal decomposition of Ni-oleylamine complexes. Various measurement techniques involving Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectroscopy (DRS), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dynamic light scattering technique (DLS), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) were employed to characterize the synthesized catalyst. Propargylamine derivatives were synthesized with aldehydes, terminal alkynes and primary amines through a one-pot A3-coupling reaction by using a 3 mol% amount of the NiO nanocrystals at 80 °C under solvent-free conditions with good to excellent yields. The structures of the products were confirmed by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The catalyst presents many advantages including being environmentally friendly, easy to recover, reusable, stable, and applicable to a wide variety of substrates, as well as having cost-effective preparation. 
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6412
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis and Anticancer Evaluations of Novel Thiazole Derivatives Derived
           from 4-Phenylthiazol-2-amine

    • Authors: Amira E. M. Abdallah, Rafat M. Mohareb, Maher H. E. Helal, Germeen J. Mofeed
      Pages: 604 - 616
      Abstract: Many novel thiazole derivatives were designed and synthesized using 4-phenylthiazol-2-amine. The reactivity of the latter compound toward different chemical reagents was studied. The structure of the newly synthesized compounds was established based on elemental analysis and spectral data. Furthermore, twenty compounds of the synthesized systems were selected and evaluated in (µM) as significant anticancer agents towards three human cancer cell lines [MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma), NCI-H460 (non-small cell lung cancer), and SF-268 (CNS cancer)] and normal fibroblasts human cell line (WI-38). The results showed that compounds 9 and 14a displayed higher effeciency than the reference doxorubicin.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6446
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Combined Application of MMT K10 Supported Copper Oxide Nanoparticles for
           Complete Removal of Cr(VI) from Aqueous Solution and Their Antibacterial
           Potential

    • Authors: Mahesh Kumar Gupta, Praveen Kumar Tandon, Mubashra Afroz, Saumya Agrahari
      Pages: 617 - 628
      Abstract: Montmorillonite K10 (MMT K10) supported copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONPs) were synthesized by incorporating CuONPs onto the surface of MMT K10 by reducing the metal precursor with the help of hydrazine hydrate. Effects of various factors on the efficiency of composite to remove hexavalent chromium were studied to find out the optimum conditions for maximum removal. Under optimum conditions 15 mg of the synthesized nanocomposite was found capable to almost completely remove (99.9 %) hexavalent chromium in 30 min from a 10 ppm aqueous chromium solution and that too in a wide range of pH from 2.88 to 5.56. The synthesized MMT K10 supported CuONPs were characterized by UV, SEM-EDX, FTIR and XRD studies. The average particle size of supported CuONPs was found to be 22.9 nm. Antibacterial potential of the prepared composite was also studied for one Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25323) and one Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853). The prepared nanocomposite was found to have excellent bactericidal potential and its statistical analysis was performed using t-test which indicates both bacterial strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus show different zone of inhibition for different concentrations.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6547
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Variability of Omega-3/6 Fatty Acid Obtained Through
           Extraction-Transesterification Processes from Phaeodactylum tricornutum

    • Authors: Mari Carmen Ruiz-Dominguez, Constanza Toledo, Daniel Órdenes, Carlos Vílchez, Paula Ardiles, Jenifer Palma, Pedro Cerezal
      Pages: 629 - 637
      Abstract: The effect of direct transesterification methods on the omega-3/6 composition of extracts from Phaeodactylum tricornutum was studied. The aim of this work was to identify an extraction method which allowed to obtain the most suitable profile of fatty acids in terms of its potential benefits to health, particularly if further used in the food industry. Seven methods using acids, alkalis, and heterogeneous-catalysts, (namely methods from 1 to 7, abbreviated as M1-M7) were performed to determine α-linolenic (ALA), linoleic (LA), docosahexaenoic (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acids. The composition of fatty acids was in all cases characterized by the major abundance of palmitic (23.95–34.08%), palmitoleic (30.94–35.56%), oleic acids (3.00–7.41%), and EPA (0.5–6.45%). Unsaturated fatty acids extraction yield was higher with a two-step transesterification process (M6, 63.65%). The total fatty acid methyl ester content (FAME) obtained with acid-transesterification (M1) reached about 21% wt, and 60% w/w total lipids. ALA higher relative content (ALA/LA ratio) was obtained when a lipid pre-extraction step was performed prior to acid-catalysis (M4). The transesterification method based on alkali-catalyst (M3, KOH catalyst) led to obtain higher DHA relative contents (DHA/EPA ratio up to 0.11), although its FAME content was 3.75-fold lower than that obtained with acid-transesterification (M1). Overall, this study shows that direct transesterification with alkali-catalyst (M3) improves the determination of PUFA content from the diatom through a more efficient transesterification-based extraction process, and thus allow to assess the value of the biomass more accurately for application in the food industry.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6621
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Syntheses, Crystal Structures, and Antibacterial Activity of New
           Tetranuclear Zinc(II) Complexes with Schiff Base Ligands

    • Authors: Heng-Yu Qian
      Pages: 638 - 644
      Abstract: Two new tetranuclear zinc(II) complexes, [Zn4(L1)2(μ2-η1:η1-CH3COO)4(μ1,1-N3)2] (1) and [Zn4(L2)4(CH3CH2OH)(H2O)] (2), where L1 and L2 are the deprotonated forms of 4-fluoro-2-((pyridin-2-ylmethylimino)methyl)phenol (HL1) and 4-fluoro-2-((2-(hydroxymethyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenol (H2L2), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and UV-vis spectroscopy, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. X-ray crystal structural study indicated that the distances between the adjacent Zn atoms are 3.160(1)–3.353(1) Å in 1 and 3.005(1)–3.168(1) Å in 2. All zinc atoms in 1 are pentacoordinated in trigonal bipyramidal geometry, and those in 2 are in square pyramidal and octahedral geometry. The complexes and the Schiff bases were assayed for antibacterial activities against three Gram-positive bacterial strains (B. subtilis, S. aureus, and St. faecalis) and three Gram-negative bacterial strains (E. coli, P. aeruginosa, and E. cloacae) by MTT method.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6656
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • The Role of Heuristics in the Reasoning Process of Pre-Service Science
           Teachers on the "Chemical Structure – Acidity/Basicity Relationship"
           Topic

    • Authors: Gülen Önal Karakoyun, Erol Asiltürk
      Pages: 645 - 657
      Abstract: e purpose of this research is to examine the effects of 10 heuristics proposed by Talanquer on the reasoning processes of science teacher candidates on the “chemical structure – acidity-basicity relationship” topic. In this phenomenographic research, interviews were conducted with 30 prospective teachers enrolled in the Science Education Program, Education Faculty, Firat University in the spring semester of the 2018-2019 academic year. In the first stage of the two-stage interview, the participants were asked to rank some chemical compounds according to their increasing acidity strength, while in the second stage, they were asked to rank some chemical compounds according to their increasing basicity strength. In the interviews, participants were also asked to explain in detail the reasons for their ranking. From the answers given by the participants to the questions, six different answer patterns were obtained for acidity strength, while five different answer patterns were obtained for basicity strength. It was determined that all ten heuristics affect the reasoning of the participants, and because of the effects of heuristics, students generally use shortcut strategies instead of scientific reasoning. In addition, this study revealed that although it was not included in the model proposed by Talanquer, periodic trends heuristic also affected the reasoning of the participants on the "chemical structure - acidity/basicity relationship".
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6666
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Optimization of Extraction Conditions of Bioactive Compounds by
           Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction from Artichoke Wastes

    • Authors: Izzet Turker, Hilal Isleroglu
      Pages: 658 - 666
      Abstract: In this study, bioactive compounds were extracted by ultrasonic-assisted extraction and classical extraction processes using distilled water as solvent from artichoke leaves which are considered as agricultural wastes. Antioxidant capacity, total phenolic and total flavonoid content values of the obtained bioactive extracts were determined, and extraction yields and times were evaluated to compare the extraction processes. Also, the optimum extraction conditions of ultrasonic-assisted extraction (extraction time and ultrasonic power) which provide the highest extraction yield were determined using D-optimal design by ‘desirability’ function approach. According to the results, bioactive extracts having high antioxidant capacity were obtained at shorter times and higher extraction yields by ultrasonic-assisted extraction process than classical extraction. The highest extraction yield was estimated as 98.46% with an application of 20.05 minutes of extraction time and 65.02% of ultrasonic amplitude for the ultrasonic-assisted extraction process.  
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6679
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • In vitro and In silico Evaluation of Structurally Diverse Benzyl
           pyrrolidin-3-ol Analogues as Apoptotic Agents via Caspase Activation

    • Authors: Tahira Naqvi, Asif Amin, Shujat Ali, Mohsin Yousuf Lone, Nadeem Bashir, Shafi U. Khan, Thet T. Htare, Masood Ahmad Rizvi
      Pages: 667 - 682
      Abstract: The activation of caspases is central to apoptotic process in living systems. Defects in apoptosis have been implicated with carcinogenesis. Need to develop smart agents capable of inducing apoptosis in tumor cells is obvious. With this motive, diversity oriented synthesis of 1-benzylpyrrolidin-3-ol analogues was envisaged. The multi component Ugi reaction synthesized library of electronically diverse analogues was explored for cytotoxic propensity towards a panel of human cancer cell lines at 10 µM. The lead compounds exhibit a selective cytotoxicity towards HL-60 cells as compared to cell lines derived from solid tumors. Besides, their milder cytotoxic effect on non-cancerous cell lines reaffirm their selective action towards cancer cells only. The lead molecules were tested for their ability to target caspase-3, as a vital protease triggering apoptosis. The lead compounds were observed to induce apoptosis in HL-60 cells around 10 µM concentration. The lead compounds exhibited various non-covalent supra type interactions with caspase-3 key residues around the active site. The binding ability of lead compounds with caspase-3 was studied via molecular docking and molecular dynamic (MD) simulations. MD simulations indicated the stability of compound-caspase-3 complex throughout the 50 ns simulation run. The stability and bio-availability of the lead compounds under physiological conditions was assessed by their interaction with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as model protein. BSA interactions of lead compounds were studied by various bio-physical methods and further substantiated with in silico MD simulations.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6684
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Genetic Variability in Slovenian Cohort of Patients with Oculocutaneous
           Albinism

    • Authors: Tinka Hovnik, Maruša Debeljak, Manca Tekavčič Pompe, Sara Bertok, Tadej Battelino, Brabka Stirn Kranjc, Katarina Trebušak Podkrajšek
      Pages: 683 - 692
      Abstract: Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is an inherited disorder affecting the visual system and skin pigmentation. Our aim was to evaluate genetic and clinical heterogeneity in a cohort of Slovenian paediatric patients with clinically suspected OCA using advanced molecular-genetics approach. In as much as 20 out of 25 patients, genetic variants explaining their clinical phenotype were identified. The great majority of patients (15/25) had genetic variants in TYR gene associated with OCA type 1, followed by variants in TYRP1, SLC45A2 and HPS1 genes causative for OCA3, OCA4 and Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 1, respectively. We concluded that OCA phenotype could not predict genotype and vice versa. Nevertheless, the diagnostic yield after targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) was 80% and proved to be affective in our paediatric cohort of patients with various degree of OCA. Even in 16 patients with normal complexion the diagnostic yield was 62,5%. Interestingly, we have identified a patient of white European ancestry with OCA3, which is an extremely rare report, and one patient with OCA due to the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 1.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6690
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Anion Induced Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Antibacterial
           Activity of Zinc(II) Complexes Derived from
           5-Bromo-2-((2-(diethylamino)ethylimino)methyl)phenol

    • Authors: Huan-Yu Liu, Xiang Gan, Jin-Yan Ding, Zhi-Tao Li, Qiao Chen
      Pages: 693 - 699
      Abstract: By changing the anions of zinc salts, three different zinc(II) complexes, [Zn2(HL)2(NCS)4]·2CH3OH (1), [Zn2L(μ2-η1:η1-CH3COO)2(NCS)] (2) and [Zn(HL)I2]·CH3OH (3), where L = 5-bromo-2-((2-(diethylamino)ethylimino)methyl)phenolate, HL = 5-bromo-2-((2-(diethylammonio)ethylimino)methyl)phenolate, have been synthesized and characterized by IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy, as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction. X-ray analysis indicates that the Zn atoms in the complexes are in trigonal bipyramidal, square pyramidal and tetrahedral coordination. The anions of the zinc salts lead to the formation of different structures of the complexes. Antibacterial activity of the complexes against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsielle pneumoniae and Candida albicans strains was studied.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6716
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis, Characterization and Crystal Structures of Zinc(II) and
           Cobalt(III) Complexes Derived from Tridentate NNO- and NON- Schiff Bases
           with Antibacterial Activities

    • Authors: Heng-Yu Qian
      Pages: 700 - 708
      Abstract: Two new polynuclear zinc complexes [Zn2Br2(L1)2] (1) and [Zn(μ1,5-dca)L2]n (2), and two new mononuclear cobalt(III) complexes [CoL1N3(Brsal)] (3) and [CoL2(HL2)] (4), where L1 = 5-bromo-2-(((2-dimethylamino)ethyl)imino)methyl)phenolate, L2 = 5-bromo-2-(((2-hydroxyethyl)imino)methyl)phenolate, dca = dicyanoamide, Brsal = 5-bromo-2-formylphenolate, have been synthesized and characterized. The complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis spectra, molar conductivity, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. X-ray analysis indicates that the Zn atoms in complex 1 are in distorted square pyramidal coordination, the Zn atoms in complex 2 are in distorted trigonal bipyramidal coordination, and the Co atoms in complexes 3 and 4 are in octahedral coordination. The molecules of the complexes are stacked through π···π interactions and hydrogen bonds. The complexes were assayed for antibacterial activities against three Gram-positive bacterial strains (B. subtilis, S. aureus, and St. faecalis) and three Gram-negative bacterial strains (E. coli, P. aeruginosa, and E. cloacae) by MTT method.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6721
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Mineral Composition of Herbaceous Species Seseli rigidum and Seseli
           pallasii: a Chemometric Approach

    • Authors: Marija D. Ilic, Violeta D. Mitić, Snežana B. Tošić, Aleksandra N. Pavlović, Marija S. Marković, Gordana S. Stojanović, Vesna P. Stankov Jovanović
      Pages: 709 - 717
      Abstract: Nutrients play an essential role in many metabolic processes whose deficiency or excess can be harmful to the plant itself and through the food chain to both animals and humans. Medicinal plants used in the food and pharmaceutical industries can be contaminated with increased concentrations of heavy metals. The plant species Seseli rigidum and Seseli pallasii from the Balkan Peninsula are used in traditional medicine and spices in the diet, so it was necessary to determine the mineral composition to ensure their safe application. In this work, the mineral composition was determined in medicinal species of the genus Seseli using inductively coupled plasma with optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Two multivariate statistic methods –principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were applied to distinguish samples regarding their mineral composition. The mineral composition of both studied species is following the literature data. The results obtained using multivariate statistics methods agree and distinguish certain parts of the tested plants based on the highest content of micro, macro, or trace elements.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6755
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Substituent Effects in 3,3’ Bipyrazole Derivatives. X-ray Crystal
           Structures, Molecular Properties and DFT Analysis

    • Authors: Ibrahim Bouabdallah, Tarik Harit, Mahmoud Rahal, Fouad Malek, Monique Tillard, Driss Eddike
      Pages: 718 - 727
      Abstract: The single crystal X-ray structure of new 1,1’-bis(2-nitrophenyl)-5,5’-diisopropyl-3,3’-bipyrazole, 1, is triclinic P , a = 7.7113(8), b = 12.3926(14), c = 12.9886(12) Å, a = 92.008(8), β = 102.251(8), γ = 99.655(9)°. The structural arrangement is compared to that of 5,5’-diisopropyl-3,3’-bipyrazole, 5, whose single crystal structure is found tetragonal I41/a, a = b = 11.684(1), c = 19.158(1) Å. The comparison is also extended to the structures previously determined for 1,1’-bis(2-nitrophenyl)-5,5’-propyl-3,3’-bipyrazole, 2, 1,1’-bis(4-nitrophenyl)-5,5’-diisopropyl-3,3'-bipyrazole, 3, and 1,1’-bis(benzyl)-5,5’-diisopropyl-3,3'-bipyrazole, 4. Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations are used to investigate the molecular geometries and to determine the global reactivity parameters. The geometry of isolated molecules and the molecular arrangements in the solid state are analyzed according to the nature of the groups connected to the bipyrazole core.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6756
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Quantification of Hydroperoxides by Gas Chromatography with Flame
           Ionisation Detection

    • Authors: Damjan Jan Pavlica, Črtomir Podlipnik, Matevž Pompe
      Pages: 728 - 735
      Abstract: Hydroperoxides are of great importance in the fields of atmospheric and biological chemistry. However, there are several analytical challenges in their analysis: unknown and usually low UV absorption coefficients, high reactivity, thermal instability, and a lack of available reference standards. To overcome these limitations, we propose a GC-FID approach involving pre-column silylation and quantification via the effective carbon number approach. Four hydroperoxides of α-pinene were synthesized in the liquid phase with singlet oxygen and identified using literature data on isomer yield distribution, MS spectra, estimated boiling temperatures of each isomer (retention time), their thermal stability and derivatisation rate. The developed procedure was used for the determination of hydroperoxides in bottled and autooxidised turpentine. We anticipate that this method could also be applied in atmospheric chemistry, where the reactivity of singlet oxygen could help explain the high formation rates of secondary organic aerosols.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6817
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Understanding of Symmetry: Measuring the Contribution of Virtual and
           Concrete Models for Students with Different Spatial Abilities

    • Authors: Thayban Thayban, Habiddin Habiddin, Yudhi Utomo, Muarifin Muarifin
      Pages: 736 - 743
      Abstract: Virtual and concrete models have been of interest in chemistry teaching to improve students' understanding of a three-dimensional representation of chemical concepts such as symmetry. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of using concrete and virtual models on students' understanding of symmetry. Students' understanding was also explored in light of their spatial ability. The study was conducted using a quasi-experimental design with 62 students as participants. Two different instruments, spatial ability and understanding of symmetry tests, were employed for data collection. Data analysis was performed using the Pearson product-moment correlation and two-way variance analysis test. The results showed the virtual model's contribution to improving students' understanding of symmetry is higher than that of the concrete model for both students with high spatial ability (HSA) and low spatial ability (LSA). Also, the better students' spatial ability, the better their understanding of molecular symmetry. 
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6836
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Marker Compounds Adsorbed on Dust Particles (PM10) Sampled According to
           Standard EN 12341 in the Outdoor Air Near the Cement Plant

    • Authors: Ernest Vončina
      Pages: 744 - 752
      Abstract: Compounds adsorbed onto PM10 in the air near the cement plant were determined. Several side reactions that occur in the hot flue gas stream at the same time as the actual main reactions are also possible. This leads to the formation of traces of organic nitrogen compounds. For the GC/MS determination of polar organic compounds silylation as a derivatization method was used. Organic compounds detected are derivatives of sugars, sugar alcohols, and mono-, di- and tri-carboxylic acids. The composition is characteristic for pollution of the urbane atmosphere. Nitrogen organic compounds formed during the urea thermolytic process in hot cement kiln gases represent parabanic acid, 5-hydroxyhydantoin, 4,5-dihydroxyhydantoin, 5-oxoproline, and cyanuric acid. The inorganic part of aerosols detected includes oxyanions of sulfamic acid, sulfate, sulfite, phosphate, and vanadate(V) with ammonium as a cation.Chemical compositions of particles are crucial to assess the health impacts since the biological responses to aerosols are not always linked with major constituents but rather with toxicologically potent minor components.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2021.6789
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2021)
       
 
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