Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 1001 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (59 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (726 journals)
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    - ELECTROCHEMISTRY (28 journals)
    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (45 journals)
    - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (49 journals)
    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (71 journals)

CHEMISTRY (726 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounts of Materials Research     Hybrid Journal  
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ACS Applied Polymer Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
ACS Materials Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 448)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Chemica Malaysia     Open Access  
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section A     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section B     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 108)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alchemy : Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alchemy : Jurnal Penelitian Kimia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alotrop     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 235)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 352)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio AA – Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 483)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 214)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cell Reports Physical Science     Open Access  
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 88)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Chemical Physics Letters : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 265)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Chemical Science International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry     Open Access  
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chemistry & Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 223)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Africa : A Journal of the Tunisian Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry Education Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 335)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistrySelect     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry–Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
ChemNanoMat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemPhotoChem     Hybrid Journal  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chempublish Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemSystemsChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Acta Chimica Slovenica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.274
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1580-3155
Published by Slovenian Chemical Society Homepage  [1 journal]

    • Authors: Stanislav Oražem
      Pages: 1 - 42
      PubDate: 2021-03-23
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Let the Biocatalyst Flow

    • Authors: Polona Žnidaršič-Plazl
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: Industrial biocatalysis has been identified as one of the key enabling technologies that, together with the transition to continuous processing, offers prospects for the development of cost-efficient manufacturing with high-quality products and low waste generation. This feature article highlights the role of miniaturized flow reactors with free enzymes and cells in the success of this endeavor with recent examples of their use in single or multiphase reactions. Microfluidics-based droplets enable ultrahigh-throughput screening and rapid biocatalytic process development. The use of unique microreactor configurations ensures highly efficient contacting of multiphase systems, resulting in process intensification and avoiding problems encountered in conventional batch processing. Further integration of downstream units offers the possibility of biocatalyst recycling, contributing to the cost-efficiency of the process. The use of environmentally friendly solvents supports effective reaction engineering, and thus paves the way for these highly selective catalysts to drive sustainable production.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6488
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Zinc(II) Complexes Derived from Schiff Bases: Syntheses, Structures, and
           Biological Activity

    • Authors: Ling-Wei Xue, Xu Fu, Gan-Qing Zhao, Qing-Bin Li
      Pages: 17 - 24
      Abstract: Three new zinc(II) complexes, [Zn2I2(L1)2] (1), [Zn(HL2)2(NCS)2] (2), and [ZnIL3] (3), where L1 is the anionic form of 2-[(6-methylpyridin-2-ylimino)methyl]phenol (HL1), HL2 is the zwitterionic form of 2-(cyclopropyliminomethyl)-5-fluorophenol (HL2), and L3 is the anionic form of 5-bromo-2-[(3-morpholin-4-ylpropylimino)methyl]phenol (HL3), have been prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV and NMR spectra, and single crystal X-ray crystallographic determination. Complex 1 is a dinuclear zinc complex, and complexes 2 and 3 are mononuclear zinc complexes. The Zn atoms in the complexes are in tetrahedral coordination. The effect of the complexes on the antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans were evaluated.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.5817
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Effect of Vacuum Frying Conditions on Quality of French Fries and Frying

    • Authors: Esra Devseren, Dilara Okut, Mehmet Koç, Özgül Özdestan Ocak, Haluk Karataş, Figen Kaymak-Ertekin
      Pages: 25 - 36
      Abstract: Vacuum frying conditions were investigated with respect to physical, chemical and sensorial properties of French fries and frying oil, besides determining the effect of frying conditions in terms of frying temperature and time. In order to determine the optimum frying conditions of the French fries optimization study was carried out according to Central Composite Rotatable Design. The results were evaluated to determine optimum vacuum frying conditions targeting minimum oil content, 30–45 N in range of hardness, minimum acrylamide content and maximum overall preference. The optimum vacuum frying condition was selected as 124.39 °C of frying temperature and 8.36 min of frying time for French fries. The French fries obtained at optimum conditions for vacuum frying preserved the desired color, textural properties and flavor and it has low oil content and reduced acrylamide formation. In addition, the frying oil quality was preserved with vacuum frying.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.5886
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Extraction-Chromogenic System for Cobalt Based on
           5-Methyl-4-(2-thiazolylazo)resorcinol and Benzalkonium Chloride

    • Authors: Danail Georgiev Hristov, Petya Vassileva Racheva, Galya Konstantinova Toncheva, Kiril Blazhev Gavazov
      Pages: 37 - 43
      Abstract: The interaction between CoII and 5-methyl-4-(2-thiazolylazo)-resorcinol (MTAR) was studied in a water-chloroform system, in the presence or absence of benzalkonium chloride (BZC) as a cationic ion-association reagent. The optimum pH, concentration of the reagents and extraction time for the extraction of Co were found. In the presence of BZC, the extracted ion-associate could be represented by the formula (BZ+)[CoIII(MTAR2–)2], where MTAR is in its deprotonated form. The following extraction-spectrophotometric characteristics were determined: absorption maximum, molar absorptivity, Sandell’s sensitivity, limit of detection, limit of quantification, constant of extraction, distribution ratio and fraction extracted. In the absence of BZC, the extraction is incomplete and occurs in a narrow pH range. The extracted chelate contains one deprotonated and one monoprotonated ligand: [CoIII(MTAR2–)(HMTAR–)].
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6035
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Characterization and Catalytic Property of
           Copper(II) Complexes Derived from Hydrazone Ligands

    • Authors: Yao Tan, Yan Lei
      Pages: 44 - 50
      Abstract: A new bromido-coordinated mononuclear copper(II) complex [Cu(HL1)Br2] (1), and a new mononuclear copper(II) complex [CuL2(HL2)]ClO4·0.5H2O (2), with the hydrazone ligands 4-tert-butyl-N’-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidene)benzohydrazide (HL1) and 4-bromo-N’-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)benzohydrazide (HL2), have been synthesized and structurally characterized by physico-chemical methods and single crystal X-ray determination. X-ray analysis indicates that the Cu atom in complex 1 is in distorted square pyramidal coordination, and that in complex 2 is in octahedral coordination. The catalytic property for epoxidation of styrene by the complexes was evaluated.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6044
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Multi-component Reactions of Cyclohexan-1,3-diketones to Produce Fused
           Pyran Derivatives with Antiproliferative Activities and Tyrosine Kinases
           and Pim-1 Kinase Inhibitions

    • Authors: Rafat M Mohareb, Rehab Ali Ibrahim, Ensaf Sultan Alwan
      Pages: 51 - 64
      Abstract: In this work the multi-component reactions of either of the arylhydrazocyclohexan-1,3-dione derivatives 3a–c with either of benzaldehyde (4a), 4-chlorobenzaldehyde (4b) or 4-methoxybenzaldehyde (4c) and either malononitrile (5a) or ethyl cyanoacetate (5b) giving the 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromene derivatives 6a–r, respectively, are presented. The reaction of two equivalents of cyclohexan-1,3-dione with benzaldehyde gave the hexahydro-1H-xanthene-1,8(2H)-dione derivative 7. On the other hand, the multi-component reactions of compound 1 with dimedone and benzaldehyde gave 13. Both of 7 and 13 underwent heterocyclization reactions to produce fused thiophene, pyran and thiazole derivatives. Selected compounds among the synthesized compounds were tested against six cancer cell lines where most of them gave high inhibitions; especially compounds 3b, 3c, 6b, 6c, 6d, 6f, 6i, 6m, 6n, 8b, 14a, 15 and 16 being the most cytotoxic compounds. Further tests against the five tyrosine kinases c-Kit, Flt-3, VEGFR-2, EGFR, and PDGFR and Pim-1 kinase showed that compounds 3c, 6c, 6d, 6f, 6n, 14a and 15 were the most potent of the tested compounds toward the five tyrosine kinases and compounds 3c, 6c, 6d, 6n and 15 displayed the highest inhibitions toward Pim-1 kinase.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6090
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • 6-Bromo-2'-(2-chlorobenzylidene)nicotinohydrazide and
           Methanol Solvate: Synthesis, Characterization, Crystal Structures and
           Antimicrobial Activities

    • Authors: Hai-Yun Zhu
      Pages: 65 - 71
      Abstract: Two newly synthesized nicotinohydrazones, 6-bromo-2'-(2-chlorobenzylidene)nicotinohydrazide (1) and 6-bromo-2'-(3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene)nicotinohydrazide methanol solvate (2), have been obtained and structurally characterized by spectroscopic method and single crystal X-ray determination. The molecules in both compounds are in E configuration regarding to the azomethine groups. The molecules of compound 1 are linked via hydrogen bonds of N−H∙∙∙O, generating one dimensional chains running along the c-axis direction. The hydrazone molecules of compound 2 are linked by methanol molecules via hydrogen bonds of N−H∙∙∙O and O−H∙∙∙N, generating dimers. The in vitro antimicrobial activities of these compounds indicate that they are interesting antibacterial agents.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6138
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • New Approaches for the Synthesis of Heterocyclic Compounds Derived from
           Cyclohexan-1,3-dione with Anti-proliferative Activities

    • Authors: Rafat Milad Mohareb, Yara Raafat Milad, Ayat Ali Masoud
      Pages: 72 - 87
      Abstract: In the present work a series of heterocyclization reactions were adopted using cyclohexan-1,3-dione through its reaction with either furan-2-carbaldehyde or thiophene-2-carbaldehyde to give the corresponding ylidene derivatives 3a,b. The latter compounds underwent heterocyclization reactions to give thiophene and pyran derivatives 5a–d and 6a–d, respectively. Moreover, compounds 3a,b reacted with elemental sulfur and phenyl isothiocyanate to give the fused thiazole derivatives 8a,b. In addition, the reaction with either of hydrazine hydrate or phenylhydrazine has given the 4-hydrazono-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-indazole derivatives 10a–d, respectively. Similarly, the reaction of either 3a or 3b with hydroxylamine hydrochloride gave the 6,7-dihydrobenzo[c]isoxazol-4(5H)-one oxime derivatives 12a and 12b, respectively. Other fused heterocyclic compounds were produced and their structures were elucidated. Evaluation of the synthesized compounds against selected cancer cell lines was performed. The most active compounds were further evaluated against tyrosine kinases and Pim-1 kinase inhibitions.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6182
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Synthesis, Crystallographic Structure, Hirshfeld Surface Analysis,
           Drug-likeness Properties and Molecular Docking Studies of New
           Oxime-pyridine Compounds

    • Authors: Tufan Topal
      Pages: 88 - 101
      Abstract: A detailed description of the two new pyridine ligands, (2E,3Z)-3-[2-(3-chloropyridin-2-yl)hydrazinylidene]-N-hydroxybutan-2-imine and 3-chloro-2-{(2Z)-2-[1-(4 nitrophenyl)ethylidene]hydrazinyl}, is reported. The synthesized compounds were characterized by spectroscopic studies, spectral features were performed by TD-DFT calculations. New-generation pyridine ligand of HL2 was also determinate by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Hirshfeld surface analysis with two-dimensional fingerprint plots was used to analyze intermolecular interactions in crystals. Molecular-docking was performed to investigate the binding areas of chemical compounds, and the results showed the inhibitory activity of the studied HL1 and HL2 against E. coli. The results of the current study revealed the drug-likeness and bioactive properties of the ligands.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6183
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Copper(II) and Zinc(II) Complexes Derived from
           N,N’-Bis(4-bromosalicylidene)propane-1,3-diamine: Syntheses, Crystal
           Structures and Antimicrobial Activity

    • Authors: Yu-Mei Hao
      Pages: 102 - 108
      Abstract: A mononuclear copper(II) complex, [CuL] (1), and a phenolato-bridged trinuclear zinc(II) complex, [Zn3Cl2L2(DMF)2] (2), where L is the deprotonated form of N,N’-bis(4-bromosalicylidene)propane-1,3-diamine (H2L), have been prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The Cu atom in complex 1 is in square planar coordination, while the terminal and central Zn atoms in complex 2 are in square pyramidal and octahedral coordination, respectively. The antibacterial activities of the complexes have been tested on the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, and the yeast Candida parapsilosis.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6205
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Ultrasound-Assisted Synthesis, Antioxidant Activity and Computational
           Study of 1,3,4-Oxadiazol-2-amines

    • Authors: Hamid Beyzaei, Soheila Sargazi, Ghodsieh Bagherzade, Ashraf Moradi, Elahe Yarmohammadi
      Pages: 109 - 117
      Abstract: Development of synthetic procedures for the preparation of 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives has always been in the interest of researchers as a result of their widespread biological activities. In this study, an ultrasound-assisted procedure was proposed for the synthesis of 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-amines form the reaction of hydrazides and cyanogen bromide. They were efficiently produced in 81–93% yields in the presence of ethanol and potassium bicarbonate as the reaction media and the base, respectively. Their antioxidant properties were determined via DPPH free radical scavenging method as one of the most basic steps in identifying other related biological effects. IC50 values were in the range of from 0.237 to 0.863 mM. The synthesized 1,3,4-oxadiazoles are protective agents against oxidative stress, and can be used in the treatment of cancer, candidiasis, diabetes, neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases. Furthermore, bond dissociation energies (BDEs) and electron densities based NCI (non-covalent interactions) were calculated using density-functional theory (DFT) to understand the observed reactivities. It was found that reversible dipole-dipole forces play a key role in most interactions.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6208
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Antidiabetic Potential of Stem Bark Extract of Enantia chlorantha and Lack
           of Modulation of Its Therapeutic Efficacy in Diabetic Rats Co-Administered
           with Lisinopril

    • Authors: Latifat Bolanle Ibrahim, Patience Funmilayo Idowu, Opemipo Adekanye Moses, Mutiu Adewunmi Alabi, Emmanuel Oladipo Ajani
      Pages: 118 - 127
      Abstract: This study validates the antidiabetic efficacy of Enantia chlorantha stem bark and the possible therapeutic implications of the co-administration of lisinopril and E. chlorantha in type 2 diabetic rats. E. chlorantha stem bark was extracted by cold maceration. The inhibitory effect of the plant on carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes and its antioxidative potentials were assessed in vitro. The extract exhibited α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities and also showed antioxidative properties in vitro. Administration of the extract normalized fasting hyperglycemia in vivo by showing 47.24 % reduction in blood glucose levels relative to untreated diabetic rats. Co-administration of E. chlorantha and lisinopril restored serum glucose and serum lipid profile levels. E. chlorantha stem bark displayed antidiabetic potentials as compared with a standard antidiabetic drug (metformin).  The study also showed that the plant contained some bioactive compounds which we hypothesize might be responsible for the observed activities. Co-administration of the plant with lisinopril conferred no significant therapeutic advantage on the serum glucose level and lipid profile.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6212
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Application of Silica Supported Calix[4]arene Derivative as Anti-reversion
           Agent in Tire Tread Formulation

    • Authors: Hediye Mohamadi, Fereshteh Motiee, Saeed Taghvaei-Ganjali, Mandana Saber-Tehrani
      Pages: 128 - 136
      Abstract: In this research the influence of the silica supported calix[4]arene derivative (SS-Calix) on the reversion resistance, mechanical properties and thermal behavior of NR/BR tire tread formulation was investigated by the oscillating disc rheometer, FTIR, TGA and tensile testing. The results revealed that the reversion behavior of NR/BR vulcanizate is affected by SS-Calix. The data obtained from curing characteristics and thermal stability of test pieces indicate that, SS-Calix acts as an anti-reversion for rubbery materials that are exposed to thermal shock in the early stages of temperature rise. It's predicted that these results are due to the interaction between the OH groups present in the SS-Calix surface and the carbon of the polymer chains. The broad peak observed in the IR spectrum around 1824 cm−1 which is referred to C=O bond, confirms this prediction. In addition, the presence of SS-Calix in compound causes to increase modulus and hardness but reduce elongation and resilience.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6225
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Physicochemical Properties of Octane Isomers in View of the Structural

    • Authors: Anton Perdih
      Pages: 137 - 143
      Abstract: The structural features of octane isomers were quantified with help of the Structural Numbers. A Mutually Optimized Contribution of the Structural Numbers (MOCSN) was used to calculate which parts of information regarding branching contribute the tested Structural Numbers. Besides the known Structural Numbers, two Asymmetry Numbers were developed in order to quantify the asymmetry of the octane isomers, one regarding the asymmetry along the main chain of the molecule and the other one regarding the asymmetry perpendicular to the main chain of the molecule. Their correlation to the values of 29 tested physicochemical properties of octanes was low, R < 0.6. After optimization of the Mutually Optimized Contribution of the Structural Numbers, the Information Content of the Mutually Optimized Contribution of the Structural Numbers ranged from 34.3% to 89.0% of the information contained in the physicochemical properties. The Structural Numbers enable the first step of the structural interpretation of physicochemical properties of octane isomers. In 17 out of 29 cases the most of information contained in the physicochemical properties is presented among the Structural Numbers by the Number of Branches, in 8 cases by the Peripheral Number, in 3 cases by an Asymmetry Number and in 1 case by the Distance Number.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6226
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Structure of Biologically Active Benzoxazoles: Crystallography and DFT

    • Authors: Una Glamočlija, Selma Špirtović-Halilović, Mirsada Salihović, Iztok Turel, Jakob Kljun, Elma Veljović, Selma Zukić, Davorka Završnik
      Pages: 144 - 150
      Abstract: Using X-ray single crystal diffraction, the crystal structures of biologically active benzoxazole derivatives were determined. DFT calculation was performed with standard 6-31G*(d), 6-31G** and 6-31+G* basis set to analyze the molecular geometry and compare with experimentally obtained X-ray crystal data of compounds.The calculated HOMO-LUMO energy gap in compound 2 (2-(2-hydroxynaphtalen-1-yl)-4-methyl-7-isopropyl-1,3-benzoxazol-5-ol) is 3.80 eV and this small gap value indicates that compound 2 is chemically more reactive compared to compounds 1 (4-methyl-2-phenyl-7-isopropyl-1,3-benzoxazol-5-ol) and 3 (2-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-methyl-7-isopropyl-1,3-benzoxazol-5-ol). The crystal structures are stabilized by both intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds in which an intermolecular O–H⋅⋅⋅N hydrogen bond generates N3 and O7 chain motif in compounds 1, 2, and 3, respectively. The calculated bond lengths and bond angles of all three compounds are remarkably close to the experimental values obtained by X-ray single crystal diffraction. 
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6237
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Apoptotic Effect of Homobrassinin and Thiazino[6,5-b]indol is Associated
           with Downregulation of Heat Shock Proteins in Human Ovarian Adenocarcinoma

    • Authors: Zuzana Solárová, Martin Kello, Peter Solár
      Pages: 151 - 158
      Abstract: Phytoalexins are substances with antimicrobial properties produced by plants after being attacked by microorganisms, especially phytopathogenic fungi and viruses. They are also currently being studied for their antitumor effect. We aimed to study the apoptosis-stimulating effect of homobrassinin and thiazino[6,5-b]indol in human ovarian adenocarcinoma A2780 and A2780cis cells via flow cytometric analysis of annexin V/PI, caspase 3 and 9 activity, cytochrome C release, and smac-diablo accumulation. Using the western blot technique, we also monitored the effect of both indoles on the response of heat shock proteins in these cells. Thiazino[6,5-b]indol showed more pronounced sensitizing and/or pro-apoptotic effect compared to homobrassinin accompanied by increased smac-diablo accumulation at earlier time intervals and pronounced externalization of phosphatidylserine at 72 h in A2780cis compared to A2780 cells. The apoptosis stimulating effect of thiazino[6,5-b]indol in A2780cis cells was associated with significant irreversible downregulation of HSP70 and HSP90 and partly with a decrease of HSP40. On the other hand, cisplatin-induced the apoptosis of sensitive A2780 cells with reversible downregulation of HSP40 and HSP57. In conclusion, the effect of thiazino[6,5-b]indol on resistant A2780cis cells could have a great utility in both the potential prevention and the treatment of other cisplatin-resistant tumor cells.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6281
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Characterization of Hydration Behaviour and Modeling of Film Formulation

    • Authors: Arunima Pramanik, Rudra Narayan Sahoo, Souvik Nandi, Ashirbad Nanda, Subrata Mallick
      Pages: 159 - 169
      Abstract: Hydration behavior of hydrogel-based polymeric film possesses great importance in mucosal drug delivery. Modified Lag phase sigmoid model was used for the investigation of hydration of the film. Kaolin incorporated HPMC K100LVCR (HL) and K100M (HH) films containing dexamethasone as a model drug have been prepared for studying swelling kinetics. Swelling of HL and HH films was decreased with the gradual increase of kaolin content and HH of higher viscosity has shown higher value than HL matrix. Kaolin also inhibited the film erosion process. Mathematically modified lag phase sigmoid model demonstrated similarity of the predicted swelling content with the observed value. High R2 and small RMSE value confirmed the successful fitting of the modified lag phase sigmoid model to the experimental data of swelling content. τ value similar to the observed one was obtained. This modified model could be reliable enough for estimating hydration process in food grains, food packaging films etc.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6298
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • 4-(4,5-Diphenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl)phenol: Synthesis and Estimation of
           Nonlinear Optical Properties using Z-Scan Technique and Quantum Mechanical

    • Authors: Fatemeh Mostaghni
      Pages: 170 - 177
      Abstract: In this study, 4-(4,5-Diphenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl) phenol is successfully synthesized, and its nonlinear optical properties (NLO) are investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Theoretical investigations have been done by using TD-DFT and B3LYP functional with usual 6-31+G(d,p) basis set. The results of HOMO-LUMO and NBO analysis show the low energy gap, high total dipole moment, and hyperpolarizabilities (β, g) as well as the presence of dipolar excited states with relatively significant dipole-moment changes which are linked to the nonlinearity. The z-scan technique confirmed the NLO properties of title compound. The nonlinear absorption coefficient, refractive index, and third-order susceptibility were found to be 4.044 × 10−1 cmW−1, 2.89 × 10−6 cm2W−1 and 2.2627 × 10−6 esu, respectively. The negative sign of n2 indicated the occurrence of self-defocusing nonlinearity. The results show that the title compound can been used as potential NLO material.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6299
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • On The Validity of Minimum Magnetizability Principle in Chemical Reactions

    • Authors: Hiteshi Tandon, Tanmoy Chakraborty, Vandana Suhag
      Pages: 178 - 184
      Abstract: A new principle known as Minimum Magnetizability Principle has recently been introduced in the context of Density Functional Theory. In order to validate this principle, changes in the magnetizability (Δξ) and its cube-root (Δξ1/3) are computed at B3LYP/LanL2DZ level of theory for some elementary chemical reactions. The principle is found to be valid for 77% of reactions under study. It is observed that the molecules with the lowest sum of ξ or ξ1/3 are generally the most stable. The principle fails to work in the presence of hard species. A comparative study is also made with change in hardness (Δη), electrophilicity index (Δω), polarizability (Δα) and their cube-roots (Δη1/3, Δω1/3, Δα1/3). It is observed that the Minimum Magnetizability Principle is nearly as reliable as Minimum Electrophilicity Principle. It appears that this principle could be helpful in predicting the direction of diverse reactions as well as stable geometrical arrangements.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6305
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Electrodeposition and Growth of Iron from an Ethylene Glycol Solution

    • Authors: Vusala Asim Majidzade, Akif Shikhan Aliyev, Mahmoud El-rouby, Dunya Mahammad Babanly, Dilgam Babir Tagiyev
      Pages: 185 - 192
      Abstract: The electrochemical reduction of iron (III) ions into zero-valent iron from a solution of ethylene glycol was accomplished. The kinetics and mechanism of the electroreduction process were investigated by cyclic and linear polarization techniques. The influence of temperature, potential sweep rate, and concentration of iron (III) ions on the electroreduction process was also studied. The observed values of effective activation energy revealed that the investigated electroreduction process is accompanied by mixed kinetics control. Moreover, the results of SEM and X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the deposition of thin Fe films under the optimized conditions.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6308
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Manganese(II) β-Diketonate Complexes with Pyridin-4-one,
           3-Hydroxypyridin-2-one and 1-Fluoropyridine Ligands: Molecular Structures
           and Hydrogen-bonded Networks

    • Authors: Anže Čavić, Franc Perdih
      Pages: 193 - 204
      Abstract: Manganese(II) bis(4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenylbutane-1,3-dionate) complexes with pyridin-4-one (pyon), 3-hydroxypyridin-2-one (hpyon), 1-fluoropyridine (pyF) and methanol were prepared and the solid-state structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The coordination of the metal center in all complexes was found to be octahedral. In compounds [Mn(tfpb)2(pyon)2] (1) and [Mn(tfpb)2(hpyon)2] (2) extended hydrogen bonding is present facilitating the formation of a three-dimensional supramolecular structure in 1 and a layered structure in 2 through N–H···O hydrogen bonding enhanced by C–H···O interactions as well as C–F···π interactions. In [Mn(tfpb)2(pyF)2] (3) a layered structure is formed through C–H···O and C–H···F interactions as well as π···π and C–F···π interactions. In [Mn(tfpb)2(MeOH)2] (4) a layered structure is formed through a combination of O–H···O and C–F···π interactions.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6345
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • CO2-Improved Synthesis of Benzimidazole with the Catalysis of a New
           Calcium 4-Amino-3-hydroxybenzoate

    • Authors: Ruoxuan Gao, Yuan-Yuan Gao, Ning Zhu, Li-Min Han
      Pages: 205 - 211
      Abstract: In this paper, we explored the synthesis of benzimidazole by the reaction of DMF and o-phenylenediamine. In the process of catalyst screening, we found that 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid, benzoic acid, and benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid could catalyze the reaction. Moreover, the calcium 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate and CO2 could more effectively catalyze the reaction, the synergistic effect of CO2 and 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid calcium salt can increase the yield of benzimidazole from 28% to 94%.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6359
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Catecholase-Like Activity and Theoretical Study in Solid State of a New
           Ru(III)-Schiff Base Complex

    • Authors: Niladri Biswas, Sandeepta Saha, Ennio Zangrando, Antonio Frontera, Chirantan Roy Choudhury
      Pages: 212 - 221
      Abstract: A new ruthenium(III) complex of molecular formula [Ru(PPh3)Cl2(L)] (1) has been synthesized using the Schiff base ligand obtained from 5-chlorosalicylaldehyde and N,N-dimethylethylenediamine, and characterized by FT-IR, UV-Vis, cyclic voltammetry and single crystal X-ray structural analysis. The metal ion exhibits a slightly distorted octahedral environment where the chelating Schiff base ligand contributes with its NNO donor set. The coordination geometry around the Ru(III) ion is completed by a PPh3 ligand and two chloride anions, and the charge balance is assured by the phenoxo oxygen of the Schiff base. With the aim to analyse the energy related to the halogen bonding interactions in solid state, a theoretical study has been performed on complex 1, by using the MEP and NCI plot computational tools, was also performed with the aim to analyse the energy related to the halogen bonding interaction. Furthermore, complex 1 shows catecholase-like activity in conversion of the model substrate 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol (3,5-DTBC) to the corresponding 3,5-di-tert-butylquinone (3,5-DTBQ) under aerobic condition. The parameters regarding the enzymatic kinetics have been evaluated from the Lineweaver-Burk plot using the Michaelis-Menten approach of enzyme catalysis. A significant high T.O.N value (2.346×103 h-1) indicates that complex 1 has a very good catalytic efficiency towards 3,5-DTBC
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6379
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Protective Effects of 3-benzoyl-7-hydroxy Coumarin on Liver of Adult Rat
           Exposed to Aluminium Chloride

    • Authors: Ahmet Ozkaya, Kenan Türkan
      Pages: 222 - 228
      Abstract: In this study, the effects of 3-benzoyl-7-hydroxy coumarin molecule on mineral and antioxidant enzymes were investigated in rat liver exposed to oxidative stress with aluminium chloride (AlCl3). Adult male Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups as Control, Coumarin, AlCl3, and Coumarin + AlCl3. Coumarin at the dose of 10 mg / kg and AlCl3 at the dose of 8.3 mg / kg were administered for 30 days every other day. In AlCl3 group, malondialdehyde (MDA), iron (Fe), aluminium (Al) and copper (Cu) levels increased compared to the control group, while glutathione (GSH) level, glutathione S-transferase (GST), and carboxylesterase (Ces) enzyme activity levels decreased. In Coumarin + AlCl3 group, MDA, Fe, Al and Cu levels decreased with the effect of coumarin compared to AlCl3 group, while GSH level, and GST enzyme activity levels increased. According to our results, AlCl3 generates oxidative stress in rat livers, and we believe that 3-benzoyl-7-hydroxy coumarin has an ameliorative effect on antioxidant enzyme system, Al, Fe and Cu levels.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6390
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Physico-Chemical Properties of the Pyrolytic Residue Obtained by Different
           Treatment Conditions of Meat and Bone Meal

    • Authors: Marija Zupančič, Nataša Čelan Korošin
      Pages: 229 - 238
      Abstract: The depletion of phosphate rock reserves has led to the search for new, alternative and environmentally friendly products and processes. One of the safe and environmentally friendly sources of phosphate is animal bone char (ABC), the residue from the pyrolysis of meat and bone meal (MBM), a slaughterhouse waste material. The presented study investigated the physico-chemical properties of the residues (ABC) obtained from the pyrolysis of MBM under different treatment conditions. Two different end temperatures (600 °C and 1000 °C) and five different heating rates (5 °C min-1, 10 °C min-1, 20 °C min-1, 50 °C min-1 and 100 °C min-1) were used. The ABC samples obtained were characterised by X-ray powder diffraction, IR spectroscopy, elemental CHNS analysis and SEM/EDS analysis. The results showed the strong influence of both the pyrolysis end temperature and the heating rate on the morphology and chemical composition of the final products.
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6419
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
  • Hydrogen Bonds in Bis(1H-benzimidazole-κN3)cadmium(II) Dibenzoate:
           Hirshfeld Surface Analysis and AIM Perspective

    • Authors: Jia-Jun Wang, Li-Nan Dun, Bao-Sheng Zhang, Zhong-Hui Wang, He Wang, Chuan-Bi Li, Wei Liang
      Pages: 239 - 246
      Abstract: The coordination complex bis(1H-benzimidazole-κN3)cadmium(II) dibenzoate has been synthesized and characterized by single crystal diffraction analysis. Cadmium center is six coordinated and formed a distorted octahedron coordinated geometry. The Hirshfeld analysis shows that in the dnorm-surface of the compound, there are dark red spots near the hydrogen-bonds acceptor and donor atoms, while intermolecular interactions result in faint-red spots. The AIM analysis was performed, there exist a BCP in each N(C)–H∙∙∙O hydrogen bond, the bond paths also can be seen, the V(b) /G(b) < 1 and the H(b) > 0, the interaction is indicative of being a closed shell. The TG results are consistent with the X-ray diffraction structure
      PubDate: 2021-03-20
      DOI: 10.17344/acsi.2020.6438
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 1 (2021)
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