Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 1001 journals)
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    - CHEMISTRY (726 journals)
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CHEMISTRY (726 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounts of Materials Research     Hybrid Journal  
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ACS Applied Polymer Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
ACS Materials Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 453)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Chemica Malaysia     Open Access  
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section A     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section B     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 108)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alchemy : Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alchemy : Jurnal Penelitian Kimia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alotrop     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 354)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio AA – Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 486)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cell Reports Physical Science     Open Access  
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 88)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Chemical Physics Letters : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Chemical Science International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry     Open Access  
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chemistry & Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 225)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Africa : A Journal of the Tunisian Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry Education Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistrySelect     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry–Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
ChemNanoMat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemPhotoChem     Hybrid Journal  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chempublish Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemSystemsChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.24
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1011-3924
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [262 journals]
  • SALLE combined with LD-DLLME for pesticides analysis in sugar and soil
           samples

    • Authors: T. Tolcha, K. Gomoro , N. Megersa
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: In this study, a modified salting-out-assisted liquid-liquid extraction (SALLE) combined with low density dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (LD-DLLME) has been developed for quantitative determination of multiclass pesticide residues (atrazine, diazinon, ametryn, terbutryn, chlorpyrifos, dimethametryn, 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (4,4'-DDE), 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (4,4'-DDD) and 4,4'-dichloro- diphenyltrichloroethane (4,4'-DDT)) levels in sugar and soil samples coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) detection. The extract was enriched after combining SALLE to LD-DLLME and enrichment factor obtained ranged 30-121. Under the optimum conditions, the linearity of the method was in the range of 6.25–100 ng g-1 for atrazine, ametryn, terbutryn, dimethametryn and 4,4'-DDT, and in the range of 2.5–100 ng g-1 for diazinon, chlorpyrifos and 4,4'-DDD, and in the range of  1–100 for 4,4'-DDE with correlation coefficient of  0.992 or better. The limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 0.01–0.25 ng g-1. The precisions as %RSD, were below 10% for both matrices. The recoveries obtained from spiked sugar and soil samples at 5 and 50 ng g-1 ranged from 79 to 111%. The method was subsequently applied to real sugar and soil samples. All the pesticides investigated were not detected in the sugar sample. The soil sample was contaminated by atrazine and ametryn at concentration level of 0.3 and 0.2 ng g-1, respectively.                     KEY WORDS: SALLE, LD-DLLME, Extraction, Pesticide residues, Sugar, Soil   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 1-16.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.1  
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Development and validation of a single HPLC method for the determination
           of thirteen pharmaceuticals in bulk and tablet dosage form

    • Authors: B. Tegegne, B. S. Chandravanshi, F. Zewge, L. Pillay, L. Chimuka
      Pages: 17 - 31
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the determination of thirteen selected pharmaceutical compounds (metformin, amoxicillin, chloroquine, theophylline, trimethoprim, caffeine, norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, acetylsalicylic acid, doxycycline hyclate, metronidazole, albendazole and cloxacillin) in bulk and tablet dosage form. Chromatographic separation using a Kromasil C18 column, gradient elution with aqueous formic acid (0.1%), methanol and acetonitrile, a UV absorption wavelength of 250 nm and a mobile phase flow rate of 1 mL/min over a 22 min run time was optimized for complete separation of the selected target compounds. The method was validated and results for: linearity, precision, sensitivity, accuracy, specificity, suitability and method robustness were obtained and met the ICH guidelines. Calibration curve correlation coefficients ranged from 0.9985-0.9998 and the percentage relative standard deviations for repeated analysis was below 5%, indicating acceptable method precision. The limits of detection (LODs) and quantification (LOQs) ranged from 0.020-0.27 µg/L and 0.080-0.91 µg/L, respectively. The accuracy study yielded recoveries in the ranges 86.0-102% for pure compounds and 90.9-106% for compounds in tablet dosage form. The method is robust for small or deliberate changes to the chromatographic parameters and found to be appropriate for analysis of tablets for the determination of the thirteen pharmaceuticals.                     KEY WORDS: Pharmaceuticals, Bulk determination, Tablet dosage, High performance liquid chromatography, Method development, ICH guidelines   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 17-31.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.2
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activity of copper(II)
           Schiff base adducts of some p-substituted aniline Schiff bases

    • Authors: A. O. Sobola, G. M. Watkins, R. O. Shaibu, S. Adewuyi , S. A. Amolegbe
      Pages: 33 - 42
      Abstract: The synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activity of Cu(II) complexes of some p-substituted aniline Schiff base ligands have been carried out. The Schiff bases were obtained from salicylaldehyde and o-vanillin. The Cu(II) complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, conductivity measurement, infrared and electronic spectral data. The complexes were obtained either as metal chelates [Cu(L)2] or Schiff base adducts (CuCl2.2LH).xH2O. The metal chelates were non-electrolytes while the Schiff base adducts exhibited 1:1 or 2:1 electrolytes in methanol. The Cu(II) complexes exhibited slight antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli ATCC® 8739™*, Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus ATCC® 6538™*, Bacillus subtilis subsp. spizizenii ATCC® 6633™* and Candida albicans ATCC® 2091™*. The complexes exhibited significant antifungal activity.                     KEY WORDS: Metal Chelates, Schiff bases, Adducts, Cu(II) complexes, Salicylaldimines   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 33-42.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.3
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Solid-state synthesis and physico-chemical characterization of modified
           smectites using natural clays from Burkina Faso

    • Authors: I. Garikoé, B. Sorgho, B. Guel , I. Persson
      Pages: 43 - 59
      Abstract: Solid-state intercalation was applied to prepare organo-smectites using cationic surfactants and natural clays containing smectite at various surfactant/smectite ratios. The surfactants enter the interlayers of smectites causing a swelling of the clays. The used clays were collected in Siétougou and Diabari villages located in the eastern part of Burkina Faso. The solid-state intercalation was successful for all four surfactants applied, n-dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide, (n-C12H25(CH3)3NBr), n-tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, (n-C14H29(CH3)3NBr), n-hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (n-C16H33(CH3)3NBr) and di-n-dodecyldimethyl­ammonium bromide ((n-C12H25)2(CH3)2NBr) at different levels of the cation exchange capacity (CEC). The synthesized organo-smectites were characterized regarding relative density, structural and textural properties. XRPD data showed a systematic increase of the basal spacing of the unit cell of the smectite up to >38 Å at 2.0-CEC loading of the surfactant. This increase indicates that the surfactants penetrated into the smectite interlayers with the surfactants being arranged parallel to the layers at low concentrations and almost perpendicular at high ones. FTIR spectra of the organo-smectites showed a decrease in the intensities of the water bands at around 1630 cm-1 and 3400 cm-1, and new specific bands close to 2920 cm-1 and 2850 cm-1 were assigned to the asymmetric and symmetric stretching of CH2 groups of the surfactants, respectively.                     KEY WORDS: Smectite, Organo-smectite, Surfactant, Intercalation   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 43-59.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.4
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis, spectral and sol-gel behavior of mixed ligand complexes of
           titanium(IV) with oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur donor ligands

    • Authors: A. Srivastava, N. Srivastava , U. N. Tripathi
      Pages: 61 - 76
      Abstract: A new route to synthesize nano-sized Ti(IV) mixed ligand complexes have been investigated by the reaction of titanium(IV) chloride with ammonium salts of dithiophosphate and 3(2'-hydroxyphenyl)-5-(4-substituted phenyl) pyrazolines. The resultant complex is then treated with H2S gas to get sulfur bridged dimer of Ti(IV) complex, a precursor of TiS2. The morphology of the complexes was studied by employing XRD which shows that all the complexes are amorphous solid. Molecular weight measurements, elemental analysis in conjugation with spectroscopic (IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and 31P NMR) studies revealed the dimeric nature of the complexes in which pyrazoline and dithiophosphate are bidentate. Scanning electron microscopic image and XRD indicate that the particles are in the nano range (50 nm). Putting all the facts together, coordination number six is proposed for titanium with octahedral geometry.                     KEY WORDS: Titanium(IV), Dithiophosphate, Pyrazoline, Nano-sized, Sol-gel, Mixed ligand complexes   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 61-76.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.5
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis, characterization, in-vitro anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial
           screening of metal(II) mixed diclofenac and acetaminophen complexes

    • Authors: J. A. Obaleye, A. A. Aliyu, A. O. Rajee , K. E. Bello
      Pages: 77 - 86
      Abstract: Mixed ligand complexes derived from diclofenac potassium salt (Kdc) and acetaminophen (ace) has been synthesized and proposed to have a general formula [MB] where M = Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+and B = (ace)(dc)(H2O)2 except for Mn2+ complex which exists as [Mn(ace)(dc)OH2]. The complexes were characterized by solubility, melting point, conductivity, elemental analyses, UV-Vis, FT-IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) study and magnetic susceptibility measurement. Electronic absorption spectra data are characteristic of octahedral structures for [MB]. The IR spectra revealed a bidentate coordination mode. In acetaminophen, the nitrogen and carbonyl-O atoms of the amide group were involved while the carboxylate oxygen atoms of potassium diclofenac were used; typical of a carboxylic acid derivative. The compounds were screened for in-vitro anti-inflammatory activity by inhibition of albumin denaturation assay and antimicrobial activity against bacteria strains: Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus anthrax, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi and a fungus Aspergillus niger. Some of the tested compounds showed moderate anti-inflammatory activity when compared to the standard drug diclofenac potassium salt. The in-vitro antimicrobial screening revealed an increased activity of the complexes against the bacteria isolates compared to the free ligands.                     KEY WORDS: Metal(II) ion, NSAIDs, Anti-inflammatory activity, Diclofenac potassium salt, XRPD, Antimicrobial activity   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 77-86.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.6
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Bioactivities of holmium(III) and gadolinium(III) complexes of
           thymoquinone

    • Authors: N. S. Awwad, H. A. Ibrahium, A. A. Shati, M. A. Alshehri, K. M. Al-Syaad, M. Y. Alfaifi, M. I. Mujallid, M. Z. Bani-Fwaz, H. S. M. Abd-Rabboh, Y. H. Ju , A. E. Fazary
      Pages: 87 - 96
      Abstract: Chemotherapeutic agents which are the main stay in cancer treatment are toxic with numerous contrary side effects. A number of chemical, physical, and computational techniques were applied to synthesize and elucidate the structural and functional characterization of the new designed bioligands and their metal complexes. Besides, several biological techniques for developing therapeutics and diagnostics agents of these new designed materials were used. The trivalent holmium(III) and gadolinium(III) metal complexes of thymoquinone (TQ) were synthesized. Toxicities and other bioactivites were undertaken with existing drug combinations and more effective tumor models will be established. The molecular structures of TQ-metal complexes were elucidated based on particular spectral approaches. The NF-kB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain enhancer of activated B Cells) luciferase, elastase release, superoxide anion (O2•−) generation, and DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl) free-radical scavenging activities of TQ and its synthesized complexes were elucidated and discussed. The core research is to use coordination and organometallic chemistry to design new bioligands and binary, ternary, mixed ligand, multi metal multi ligand complexes pursing a bio target continuously with structure-activity relationships (SARS).                     KEY WORDS: Thymoquinone, Holmium, Gadolinium, Bioactivities   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 87-96.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.7
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) complexes of amino acid derived Schiff
           base ligand: Synthesis, characterization and in-vitro antibacterial
           investigations

    • Authors: A. O. Rajee, H. F. Babamale, A. Lawal, A. A. Aliyu, W. A. Osunniran, A. O. Sheriff, M. Lawal , J. A. Obaleye
      Pages: 97 - 106
      Abstract: Four complexes of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) with Schiff base ligand (H3L) derived from 2-amino-3-methylbutanoic acid and acetylacetonate were synthesized. All complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and electronic spectroscopy. The results confirmed the coordination of the ligand to metals in tridentate fashion via the hydroxyl oxygen, the azomethine nitrogen and the enolic acetylacetonate oxygen. Antimicrobial activities were established for all complexes, free ligand and ciprofloxacin for comparison. Both the ligand and its metal complexes were active against Gram-positive and negative bacterial strains. The Cu(II) complex, showed highest antibacterial activity among the complexes screened. Other complexes displayed considerable antibacterial activity. Octahedral geometry was proposed for the metal(II) complexes with the Schiff base.                     KEY WORDS: Schiff base, Amino acid, Metal Complexes, Antibacterial agents   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 97-106.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.8
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic efficiency of a new smart
           PdO oxide nanomaterials for using in the recycling and sustainable
           wastewater treatment

    • Authors: M. S. Refat, H. A. Saad, A. A. Gobouri, M. Alsawat, K. Belgacem, B. M. Majrashi , A. M. A. Adam
      Pages: 107 - 118
      Abstract: Nanostructured PdO materials with promising catalytic properties were successfully synthesized by the controlled thermal decomposition in air of three Pd(II) complexes containing Pd(II) ion, ofloxacin drug and amino acid. The Pd(II) complexes which were used as precursors were [Pd(OFL)(Gly)]Cl, [Pd(OFL)(Ala)]Cl, and [Pd(OFL)2]Cl2, where Gly is glycine amino acid, Ala is alanine amino acid, and OFL is ofloxacin. Structural and morphological properties of the synthesized PdO materials were obtained using FTIR, XRD, SEM, and EDX techniques. The XRD results confirm the tetragonal structure of PdO. The obtained PdO materials were tested as a catalyst for the heterogeneous degradation of H2O2 solution. The results revealed that PdO could effectively degrade H2O2.                     KEY WORDS: PdO, Nanoparticles, Photocatalytic efficiency, Wastewater treatment   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 107-118.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.9
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Luminescent, sorptive and antibacterial potential of bismuth-organic
           framework

    • Authors: S. Iram, T. Khurshid, S. Latif, M. Imran, F. Kanwal , L. Mitu
      Pages: 119 - 128
      Abstract: Metal organic frameworks are formed by the three-dimensional linkage of metal cores and organic linkers. In this work, bismuth-based metal organic framework (Bi-MOF) has been synthesized by using 5-hydroxyisophthalic acid (H2HIA) as linker via hydrothermal method. The said MOF was structurally characterized by UV/Vis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), 1H NMR, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction technique. This MOF showed highly porous structure with surface area 1096 m2/g as determined by BET analysis. A model batch adsorption experiment was performed to evaluate the efficiency of methylene blue (MB) dye removal from aqueous media. It was found that monolayer adsorption capacity calculated from the Langmuir isotherm was 0.6240 mg/g. Bi-MOF was also screened for its antibacterial and luminescent behavior.                     KEY WORDS: Bismuth, Metal-organic Frameworks, Luminescence, Sorption   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 119-128.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.10
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Synthesis, characterization, thermal analysis and biological study of new
           thiophene derivative containing o-aminobenzoic acid ligand and its Mn(II),
           Cu(II) and Co(II) metal complexes

    • Authors: M. S. Refat, T. A. Altalhi, G. H. Al-Hazmi , J. Y. Al-Humaidi
      Pages: 129 - 140
      Abstract: New ligand containing 2-(2,4-dioxo-4-thiophen-2-yl-butyrylamino)-benzoic acid (HL) merged moiety was synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, elemental analyses, mass spectra and 1H-NMR spectral. In the present study, the attempts were carried to form complexes of HL ligand with some transition metal ions (MnII, CuII and CoII) of well-defined at the (1:1) ratio of the components in the dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solvent. All complexes have been studied by FTIR spectra, elemental analyses, thermal analysis, molar conductivity, electronic spectra and magnetic moment. The HL ligand produced as a bidentate chelate with interactive metal ions. All the results suggested octahedral geometry to complexes and have the formulae [M(HL)(Cl)2(H2O)2].nH2O where M = Mn(II), Cu(II) and Co(II). The IR spectra of the complexes were assigned and compared with the data in literature. The kinetic and thermodynamic results such as E*, ΔH*, ΔS* and ΔG* were calculated based o the TGA/DTG curves using Coats and Redfern and Horowitz and Metzger approximation methods. Furthermore, the resultant complexes were evaluated for the anti-bacterial and anti-fungal potential.                     KEY WORDS: 2-(2,4-Dioxo-4-thiophen-2-yl-butyrylamino)-benzoic acid, Transition metal complexes, FTIR, TGA, Antimicrobial test   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 129-140.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.11
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Phytochemical studies of Melilotus officinalis

    • Authors: M. A. Sisay, W. Mammo, E. E. Yaya
      Pages: 141 - 150
      Abstract: GC-MS analysis of the n-hexane extract of Melilotus officinalis seeds revealed twelve compounds with a combined area percentage of 98.33% predominantly, (9Z,12Z)-octadecadienoic acid (20.22%, 366 ppm), 14-methylpentadecanoic acid (19.52%, 353 ppm) and (9E)-octadecenoic acid (15.94%, 289 ppm). Two compounds, namely, cis-coumaric acid-2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (cis-melilotoside, 1) and 1,2-benzopyrone (coumarin, 2), were isolated from the MeOH extract of the seeds of M. officinalis. The structures of isolated compounds were determined by spectroscopic techniques such as NMR, UV-Vis, and FTIR. The MeOH extract of M. Officinalis was also tested for its antioxidant activity using DPPH assay. The extract showed 29.87% DPPH inhibition at concentration of 100 μg/mL.                     KEY WORDS: Melilotus officinalis, Fatty acid methyl esters, Esterification, GC-MS, DPPH radical scavenging assay, Antioxidant activity   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 141-150.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.12
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Investigations on structural, optical, and impedance spectroscopy studies
           of titanium dioxide nanoparticles

    • Authors: S. C. Vella Durai, E. Kumar , D. Muthuraj
      Pages: 151 - 160
      Abstract: This article explains a novel synthesis for producing titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles by a sol-gel technique using titanium tetraisopropoxide as a titanium source. The synthesized nanoparticles were analyzed using many measurements like X-ray diffraction (XRD), HRTEM, absorption UV spectroscopy, FTIR, and ac impedance spectroscopy. X-ray peaks were used to calculate the crystallite size and lattice strain by Williamson–Hall method. Crystallite size calculated from x-ray diffraction using the Scherrer equation gives an approximate size and cannot be used for measurements. TiO2 nanoparticles are found to possess a tetragonal structure with a crystalline size around 12 nm. Particle size was confirmed by HRTEM images. The optical studies response for the nanoparticles showed the possible visible absorption peaks for TiO2 nanoparticles are 323 nm. Bandgap energy (Eg) of the TiO2 nanoparticle calculated from UV visible absorption spectra is discussed, and the bandgap is 3.14 eV. FTIR spectra showed vibration bands of the Ti-O network. AC Conductivity properties of TiO2 nanoparticles are studied in the frequency range 1 to 8 MHz at varying temperatures. The conductivity of the TiO2 nanoparticle is found to be constant in the low angular frequency region. Dielectric parameters were analyzed at different temperatures and frequencies.                     KEY WORDS: Conductivity, Dielectric, Nanoparticles, Titanium dioxide, Structural studies   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 151-160.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.13
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Green synthesis of MgO nanoparticles using Moringa oleifera leaf aqueous
           extract for antibacterial activity

    • Authors: A. Fatiqin, H. Amrulloh, W. Simanjuntak
      Pages: 161 - 170
      Abstract: Nanoparticle fabrication using plant extracts is an important alternative method because it is non-toxic, biocompatible, and environmentally friendly. In this study, green synthesis of MgO nanoparticles using Moringa oleifera leaf water extracts was conducted by mixing the extract and a solution of magnesium chloride. The product was characterized using different techniques, i.e. UV-Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The UV-Vis spectrum of MgO nanoparticles shows an absorption at 280 nm. The size of the synthesized MgO nanoparticles ranges from 20-50 nm. The antibacterial activity of MgO nanoparticles was seen from the zone of inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus (6.3 mm) and against Escherichia coli (6 mm). MgO nanoparticles have been successfully fabricated using Moringa oleifera leaf aqueous extracts, providing an alternative method for synthesizing MgO nanoparticles.                     KEY WORDS: Antibacterial activity, Escherchia coli, MgO nanoparticles, Moringa oleifera, Staphylococcus aureus   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 161-170.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.14
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Studies on physico-mechanical behaviour of kenaf/glass fiber reinforced
           epoxy hybrid composites

    • Authors: A. H. Birniwa, S. S. Abdullahi, M. Y. Yakasai, A. Ismaila
      Pages: 171 - 184
      Abstract: In this study, various treated, untreated, and treated kenaf/glass fiber composites were fabricated using epoxy resin. A portion of kenaf fibers were subjected to treatment with alkali, sub-portion was taken for benzoyl peroxide and potassium permanganate prior to composite fabrication. This treatment on the composite material was undertaken to achieve improved modification of the interface between the matrix and fiber bond. A portion of the glass fiber was used for enhancing the mechanical properties of the hybrid composite. The tensile strength, flexural, density, water absorption and chemical resistance of the composites were analyzed using standard methods. FTIR was conducted on the fiber to ascertain the chemical treatment on the fibers, FESEM was used for the morphological study. The results obtained showed that the tensile and flexural strength improved from 46.45-298.3 kgf, and 10.5-54.7 kgf, respectively, in the composite samples. Chemical resistance of the kenaf fiber treated potassium permanganate composite improved compared to the untreated fiber composite in both cases. The density and water absorption properties of the composites were found to decrease in the treated fibers compared to untreated fiber composites, this treated composites showed less water absorption and density. The FTIR result revealed that reaction has taken place between the fiber and the treatment reagent. Hence, fiber modification has improved the properties of the composites due to increase in fiber-matrix interaction.                     KEY WORDS: Chemical properties, Epoxy resin, Hybrid, Kenaf, Mechanical strength, Natural fiber   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 171-184.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.15
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Copper-based glass-ceramic as an efficient catalyst in the synthesis of
           pyrazolo[1,5-a] pyrimidineunder solvent-free condition with docking
           validation as Covid-19 main protease (Mpro) inhibitor

    • Authors: A. M. Abdelghany, T. K. Khatab , A. S. Hassan
      Pages: 185 - 196
      Abstract: Copper-based oxide glass-ceramic was successfully synthesized through the single-step melt annealing technique. Synthesized glass-ceramics was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) supported with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and mapping. Pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines 5a-f were synthesized via the reaction of 5-amino-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide (1) with enaminones 2a-f in the presence of synthesized oxide glass-ceramic catalyst powder under solvent-free condition. The molecular docking study demonstrated that the COVID-19 main protease (MPro) inhibitor.                     KEY WORDS: Pyrazolopyrimidine, Enaminones, Copper-based catalysis, Solvent-free, COVID-19   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 185-196.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.16
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Green synthesis of silver nanoclusters via Melia azedarach plant and their
           potential towards catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol

    • Authors: F. Ahmad, F. Nawaz, M. Khan, W. Munib, S. W; Hassan, M. Shah
      Pages: 197 - 206
      Abstract: Biomolecules present in the plant extracts have potential to reduce metal ions to nanoclusters by a single-step green synthesis approach. In the current study, we have synthesized the silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) from a medicinal plant, Melia azedarach and studied their catalytic activity toward the reduction of 4-nitophenol to 4-aminophenol and organic dyes. Morover, the phytochemical analysis of the plant extract was carried out in order to determine the bioactive compounds present in it. Metallic nature of the synthesized AgNCs was verified by X-ray diffraction study, while their morphology and size of was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy and Zetasizer, respectively. The study revealed that they were 56±2 nm in size and formed clusters. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy gives information about the different functional groups present in synthesized these NCs. Furthermore, the important catalytic applications, such as catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol in the presence of mild reducing agent NaBH4 and the catalytic degradation of organic dyes was monitored by FTIR. Therefore, these results indicate that the obtained nanomaterials have important applications in industrial areas.                     KEY WORDS: Green synthesis, Silver nanoclusters, Catalytic reduction, Characterization   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 197-206.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.17
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • NMR characterization and free radical scavenging activity of pheophytin
           ‘A’ from the leaves of Dissotis rotundifolia

    • Authors: C. Friday, O. UchennaIgwe , U. C. Akwada
      Pages: 207 - 215
      Abstract: Dissotis rotundifolia is used traditionally in various parts of Africa for the treatment of various ailments. The air dried and pulverized leaves of Dissotis rotundifolia was extracted with distilled n-hexane and ethylacetate, using Soxhlet apparatus. Isolation and purification were carried out using column and thin layer chromatographic techniques. Fraction B14 gave a single spot on thin layer chromatography with a retention factor (Rf) value of 0.57. Characterization of B14 was doneusing 1H-NMR, 13C-DEPT, COSY, HSQC, HMBC and by direct comparison with literature values and pheophytin A was proposed as the structure of the compound. Pheophytin A exhibited a free radical scavenging activity of 10.10±0.05 and 19.51±0.02% at minimum and maximum concentrations of 1.00 and 4.00 mg/mL, respectively. The acclaimed ethnomedicinal uses of D. rotundifolia by the African natives could be linked to the presence of pheophytin A and other phytoconstituents in the plant. This is the first report of the isolation of pheophytin A from D. rotundifolia.                     KEY WORDS: Dissotis rotundifolia, Pheophytin A, Chromatographic techniques, Free radicals, NMR   Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2021, 35(1), 207-215.
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v35i1.18      
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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