Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 1001 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (59 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (726 journals)
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    - ELECTROCHEMISTRY (28 journals)
    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (45 journals)
    - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (49 journals)
    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (71 journals)

CHEMISTRY (726 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounts of Materials Research     Hybrid Journal  
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ACS Applied Polymer Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
ACS Materials Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 453)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Chemica Malaysia     Open Access  
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section A     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section B     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 108)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alchemy : Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alchemy : Jurnal Penelitian Kimia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alotrop     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 354)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio AA – Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 486)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cell Reports Physical Science     Open Access  
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 88)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Chemical Physics Letters : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Chemical Science International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry     Open Access  
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chemistry & Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 225)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Africa : A Journal of the Tunisian Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry Education Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistrySelect     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry–Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
ChemNanoMat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemPhotoChem     Hybrid Journal  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chempublish Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemSystemsChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Journal Cover
Acta Chimica Slovaca
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1337-978X - ISSN (Online) 1339-3065
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [476 journals]
  • Alachlor — ecotoxicity of ozonation by-products

    • Abstract: This work focuses on the assessment of alachlor toxicity, its impact on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, non-target organisms, and humans, as well as with pesticide legislation in the European Union and Slovakia. In the experimental part, the pesticide alachlor was degraded by various ozone-based processes. Toxicity of the original substance and its degradation products was evaluated by ecotoxicity tests on white mustard and bulb onion. Respirometric measurements were performed to assess their effect on the microorganisms of activated sludge process. From the results it is possible to evaluate that the degradation of alachlor by ozonation at alkaline pH resulted in less toxic substances compared to the original pesticide.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Sep 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Stationary phase type and temperature effect on HPLC separation of lactic
           acid enantiomers

    • Abstract: Lactic acid is a biologically important organic acid existing in two enantiomeric forms which are differently metabolized in the human body. In this paper, direct chiral separation of lactic acid by high performance liquid chromatography is presented. Five chiral stationary phases based on macrocyclic antibiotics were used for enantioseparation and chromatographic parameters, such as retention factors, resolution and selectivity factors, were determined under different column temperatures ranging from 5 to 45 °C. Optical isomers of lactic acid were efficiently separated using chiral stationary phases based on teicoplanin (RS = 1.9) and ristocetin (RS = 1.7) in reversed-phase separation mode at the column temperature of 25 °C.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Sep 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Nanostructured catalysts for BIOEthanol transformation to industrially
           important chemicals

    • Abstract: Utilization of a low-cost biomaterial, such as bioethanol, to produce value–added compounds for current industry has been investigated. This work is focused on the catalytic transformation of bioethanol into industrially significant alkenes. Catalytic transformation of ethanol was studied using catalysts based mainly on nanostructured materials as Mg-Al hydrotalcites, sepiolites and zeolites doped with Cu, K, Sr, Zn and Mn. The catalytic tests were carried out in a plug-flow reactor in the temperature range of 350—550 °C. Undoped zeolites promote acid-catalyzed dehydration of ethanol, while in case of basic catalysts, such as hydrotalcites, the product distribution is shifted toward butadiene. The impact of the hydrotalcites preparation method on their structure and catalytic activity is reported. It was found that hydrotalcite with well-developed layered structure, prepared by slow hydrolysis, promotes the formation of butadiene (with butadiene yield of 28.2 % at 400 °C vs. ethylene yield of 17.2 % at 550 °C).
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Sep 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Predictive control of a cascade of biochemical reactors

    • Abstract: Rapid growth of the human population has led to various problems, such as massive overload of wastewater treatment plants. Therefore, optimal control of these plants is a relevant subject. This contribution analyses control of a cascade of ten biochemical reactors using simulation results with the aim to design optimal and predictive control strategies and to compare the achieved control performance. The plant represents a complicated process with many variables involved in the model structure, reduced to the single-input and single-output system. The first implemented approach is linear offset-free model predictive control which provides the optimal input trajectory minimising a quadratic cost function. The second control strategy is robust model predictive control with similar features as model predictive control but including the uncertainty of the process. The final approach is generalised predictive control, mostly used in the industry because of its simple structure and sufficiently good control performance. All considered predictive controllers provide satisfactory control performance and remove the steady-state control error despite the constrained control inputs.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Thermodynamic prediction of proton and hydrogen atom abstraction in
           dehydroascorbic acid and its bicyclic form

    • Abstract: Conformation analysis of dehydroascorbic acid and its bicyclic form was performed using the density functional theory. For the energetically preferred conformations, ionization potentials (IP) and bond dissociation enthalpies (BDE) were calculated using the B3LYP functional and 6-311++G** basis set. The effects of aqueous solution were estimated using the solvation model based on density (SMD) and the polarizable continuum model (IEF-PCM). The obtained results were compared with available experimental data for reference L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Our calculations indicate that the investigated bicyclic metabolic product of vitamin C can also exhibit limited radical scavenging ability due to the thermodynamically preferred dissociation of tertiary —CH bonds.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Quantum-chemical studies of rutile nanoparticles toxicity II. Comparison
           of B3LYP and PM6 data

    • Abstract: The relation between copper atomic charges and metal-ligand interaction energies obtained by PM6 and DFT-B3LYP methods for cytotoxicity prediction of model rutile nanoparticles [Ti40O124H81]7–, [Ti7O28H26]2–, [Ti2O10H10]2–, [Ti7O30H30]2– and their Cu(II) complexes is investigated. Except for Mulliken charges, very good statistical parameters were obtained for the linear relation between the results obtained by both methods if standard accuracy of quantum-chemical calculations is achieved.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Identification of corrosion products on iron artefact from Bratislava
           castle

    • Abstract: Corrosion layers of an iron artefact were characterized to study long-term exposition of iron in Slovakia. The iron artefact from Bratislava castle has been coated with a strong layer of corrosion products and masonry residues. Corrosion products were characterized by different methods including energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), and µ-Raman Spectroscopy. Magnetite and goethite on the surface are confirmed typical corrosion products from long-term atmospheric exposure in environment with corrosivity category C-2 (low).
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of ambient parameters change on mint leaves solar drying

    • Abstract: This study investigates the effect of ambient conditions change on mint leaves solar drying performance and product water activity. Two drying methods, active indirect solar drying (AISD) and open sun drying (OSD) were compared while the experiments were carried out at specific dry climate conditions. During the experimental days, temperature varied from 20 to 30 °C, air relative humidity from 14 to 28.8 % and ambient pressure was around 82 kPa. The effect of air relative humidity change during the day on the rehydration of the product during the drying process was observed. After 7 h of drying, moisture content of mint leaves decreased from 85.29 % to 5.38 % in the AISD and 7.42 % in the OSD system. The 0.97 initial water activity decreased to 0.195 in AISD and 0.79 in OSD. Rehydration during the evening hours caused an increase in product water activity from 0.2 to 0.51. Changes of ambient conditions such as temperature and air relative humidity during the day can significantly affect water activity of dried product due to its rehydration and thus increase the risk of product spoilage.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Influence of sea buckthorn juice addition on the growth of microbial food
           cultures

    • Abstract: The aim of the article was to investigate the effect of sea buckthorn juice addition on the growth of microbial cultures in growth medium and juice mixtures. Pure sea buckthorn juice was found to inhibit the growth of all 11 monitored microbial cultures. Lactobacillus plantarum CCM 7039, Lactobacillus plantarum K816, Lactobacillus brevis CCM 1815 and, to a lesser extent, the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, grew in a growth medium containing a 25 % addition of sea buckthorn juice. Lactobacillus plantarum K816 and Lactobacillus brevis CCM 1815 grew better in this mixture than in pure growth medium. Moreover, we focused on finding a suitable ratio of sea buckthorn and apple juice for Lactobacillus plantarum CCM 7039, leading to malolactic fermentation, which results in an increase in the pH value and an improvement in the sensory properties of juices. The intention was to incorporate the highest possible addition of sea buckthorn juice while maintaining the viability of Lactobacillus plantarum CCM 7039 for malolactic fermentation to occur. The best results were achieved using 40 % sea buckthorn juice. Practical application of the results points to the possibility of preparing a fermented fruit beverage and a dairy product containing sea buckthorn juice. The results of this work extend the current options of sea buckthorn juice processing increasing thus the consumption of healthy juice.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Theoretical study of lumichrome, 1-methyl-lumichrome and lumiflavin
           binding ability with thymine

    • Abstract: Gas-phase geometry and electronic structure of lumichrome, 1-methyl-lumichrome and lumiflavin in the electronic ground state and their excited states were investigated using the Density Functional Theory. Their binding ability with thymine was estimated for model van der Waals dimers with two intermolecular hydrogen bonds. The influence of hydrogen bonds on their photophysical properties was analyzed. Obtained theoretical data were compared with available experimental absorption and fluorescence spectra.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Decrease of cholesterol content in milk by sorption onto β-cyclodextrin
           crosslinked with tartaric acid; considerations and implications

    • Abstract: Elevated cholesterol intake can induce the development of cardiovascular diseases in man, especially with long term animal origin foods consumption. Therefore, this work deals with the possibility of cholesterol content decrease in milk applying β-cyclodextrin crosslinked with tartaric acid (βCDcTA) as a removal agent. Evaluation of statistic data on food consumption in the Slovak Republic in 2018 aimed at total cholesterol daily intake and effects of “milky” cholesterol content decrease on total cholesterol balance. During the experiments, various amounts of βCDcTA addition to milk were studied resulting in optimal 5 % addition resulting in the cholesterol content decrease by 85.4 % in comparison to original cholesterol content. For monitoring purposes, an HPLC method analysing cholesterol content in saponified milk was employed. The food consumption data analysis showed that total per capita daily cholesterol intake was 369.8 mg, from which 86 mg was assigned to the cholesterol contained in milk and dairy products while the application of cholesterol removal procedure could decrease the total per capita daily cholesterol intake to 296.3 mg (“milky” cholesterol amount equal to 12.6 mg), which in below the recommended value of 300 mg daily intake still valid in the Slovak Republic. This approach might prove as a meaningful step to weaken health problems associated with high long term intake of cholesterol contained in foods of animal origin.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Inhibition of staphylococci and in wastewater by ferrates and
           electrochemical methods

    • Abstract: Increasing concentration of antibiotics in environment and their subinhibitory concentrations in wastewater may result in increased antibiotic resistance of present bacteria. Therefore, this study was aimed to analyze the efficiency of coagulase-positive staphylococci and Staphylococcus aureus inhibition in wastewater by electrochemical methods and addition of ferrates. Advanced electrochemical oxidation by boron doped diamond electrodes in anode; cathode and anode-cathode connection were used for wastewater disinfection. Results showed that the most effective connection was the anodic one, as complete inhibition of coagulase-positive staphylococci as well as of S. aureus was observed after 40 min. Energy consumption was 3.69 kWh/m3 for effluent wastewater disinfection. The second studied method of wastewater disinfection was the application of powdered ferrates. Addition of 100 mg of ferrates resulted in the inhibition of 84—96 % of coagulase-positive staphylococci and 97—99 % of S. aureus in influent water, while the inhibition of coagulase-positive staphylococci and S. aureus was 61—83 % and 83—86 %, respectively, in effluent wastewater.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Spectro-chemometric determination of panthenol enantiomeric excess in
           pharmaceutical products

    • Abstract: Antibiotic, soothing and healing properties of panthenol are exploited in various pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. Only D-panthenol is biologically active while its L-form might counteract the biological effectiveness of the D-enantiomer. Hydrating and moisturizing effects are exhibited by both enantiomers. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a rapid and cheap method for the determination of panthenol enantiomeric excess in pharmaceutical preparations. In this study, b-cyclodextrin was used as a chiral selector for the recognition of panthenol enantiomers. Inclusion complexes formed by b-cyclodextrin and the analyte showed small differences in NIR and UV/VIS spectra compared by chemometric assessment. Based on the figure of merit and model characteristics, PLS calibration model in the selected range of NIR spectra is preferred. UV/VIS spectrometry has the disadvantage of complicated sample preparation compared to NIR spectrometry. Results reached by both proposed methods were in good agreement. Statistical investigation of the results (by Student t-test and Fisher F-test) confirmed that the proposed methods are comparable and applicable to chiral analysis of panthenol pharmaceutical preparations.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Toluene oxidation: UV irradiation vs. ferrates

    • Abstract: Novel technologies for organic pollutants degradation have been studied to cope with extensive water pollution. In this work, the use of ultraviolet degradation and potassium ferrate as possible oxidation tools for toluene, a widely used industrial chemical, degradation is proposed. In the experiment with ultraviolet irradiation, a low-pressure mercury lamp was used to generate a single line electromagnetic radiation with the wavelength of 254 nm. Maximal degradation efficiency achieved after 55 minutes of irradiation was 67.1 %. In the experiments with potassium ferrate, the highest degradation efficiency was 71.2 % at the concentration of 10 mg/L of ferrate (VI) anion.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Degradation of low-rank coal excavated from coal-mine Záhorie by
           filamentous fungi

    • Abstract: The ability of Trichoderma strains isolated from lignite and of Earth surface-derived strains to attack (solubilise) lignite, peat and wood was compared using glutamate as a carbon source. The results showed that lignite-derived microorganisms solubilise lignite to similar extent as Trichoderma strains isolated from the Earth surface. Solubilisation processes involve the action of enzymes and alkaline pH. The solubilisation of lignite was accompanied by a small increase of conidia-bound laccase, whereas that of peat was accompanied by (secretion) activity of cellulase, laminarinase, laccase, and lignin-peroxidase-like enzyme. In addition, data were obtained which show that bacteria contained in the lignite are able of lignite solubilisation and utilisation.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Theoretical modeling of optical spectra of N(1) and N(10) substituted
           lumichrome derivatives

    • Abstract: A systematic study of (7,8-dimethylated) alloxazine, isoalloxazine, and their derivatives with substituted N(1) and N(10) positions was conducted using the density functional theory. The main aim of this work was the direct investigation of substituent effect on the molecular structure. Furthermore, HOMED aromaticity indices were calculated to describe the scope of the geometry changes. Frontier molecular orbitals of reference alloxazine, isoalloxazine and lumichrome derivatives were discussed by means of changes in their shape and energy levels. Photophysical properties were analyzed by determination of optical transition energies using the TD-DFT method. Obtained results were compared with previously published experimental data.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Impact of packing density on primary drying rate

    • Abstract: This work aimed to determine the effect of packing density on the sublimation rate in a laboratory freeze dryer. Total amount of sublimed water was determined by gravimetric method while a total of seven experiments were performed under the same conditions (pressure, temperature, and drying time), at different configuration of the vials. The experiments confirmed that the higher the packing density, the lower the drying rate, and vice versa, the lower the packing density, the higher the drying rate. The effect of vials packing density was confirmed by experiments using a plastic rack, while the vials were separated and thus the packing density was lower. In this case, the drying rate was more homogeneous, which contributes to the higher quality of the final product.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Nov 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Dimethyl sulfoxide as a strongly coordinating solvent:
           3′,4′-dihydroxyflavone-Cu(II)-DMSO system case study

    • Abstract: Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an aprotic organic solvent widely used in laboratory practice due to its ability to dissolve both polar and nonpolar compounds. However, DMSO is also commonly known as a strongly coordinating solvent, especially towards transition metal containing complexes. In this study, estimation of the coordination ability of DMSO towards the Cu(II) ion was attempted, employing a model system composed of 3′,4′-dihydroxyflavone-Cu(II) complex in the presence of explicit DMSO molecules, using the density functional theory (DFT). Nature of the Cu-DMSO chemical interaction (i.e. Cu-O bonding) was studied within the framework of quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM). Impact of DMSO coordination on the charge and spin distribution at Cu(II) ion was inspected using Mulliken population and QTAIM analysis.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Nov 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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