Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 1001 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (59 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (726 journals)
    - CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (23 journals)
    - ELECTROCHEMISTRY (28 journals)
    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (45 journals)
    - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (49 journals)
    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (71 journals)

CHEMISTRY (726 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounts of Materials Research     Hybrid Journal  
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ACS Applied Polymer Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
ACS Materials Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 453)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Chemica Malaysia     Open Access  
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section A     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section B     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 108)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alchemy : Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alchemy : Jurnal Penelitian Kimia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alotrop     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 354)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio AA – Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 486)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cell Reports Physical Science     Open Access  
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 88)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Chemical Physics Letters : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Chemical Science International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry     Open Access  
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chemistry & Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 225)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Africa : A Journal of the Tunisian Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry Education Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistrySelect     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry–Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
ChemNanoMat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemPhotoChem     Hybrid Journal  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chempublish Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemSystemsChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Canadian Journal of Chemistry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.29
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0008-4042 - ISSN (Online) 1480-3291
Published by NRC Research Press Homepage  [20 journals]
  • Significant differences between solid state and solution photochemistry
           and photophysics of mesogenic organometallic gold complexes

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      Authors: Kevin Tanner, Gabriel Marineau-Plante, Adrien Schlachter, Paul-Ludovic Karsenti, Armand Soldera, Pierre D. Harvey
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Five new gold complexes 4-ROC6H4C≡CAuN≡CC6H4-4-OR′ (R/R′ = CH3/C9H19 (C1N9 ), C15H31/C9H19 (C15N9 ), C6H13/C15H31 (C6N15 ), C9H19/C15H31 (C9N15 ), C12H25/C15H31 (C12N15 )) were synthesized and characterized (1H and 13C NMR, IR, Raman spectroscopy, and high resolution mass spectrometry). Their organized smectic phases were investigated by TGA, DSC, powder XRD, and polarized light optical microscopy, and the solids are found to have crystalline and amorphous domains. No evidence for Au•••Au interactions was observed. The steady state and time-resolved absorption and emission properties at 298 and 77 K were examined, and surprisingly, the excited lifetime of the triplet excited state in the solid state is extremely short-lived (
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-10-14T11:46:40Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0120
       
  • New pyrido[3′,2′:4,5]thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one hybrids linked
           to arene units: synthesis of potential MRSA, VRE, and COX-2 inhibitors

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      Authors: Sherif M.H. Sanad, Ahmed E.M. Mekky
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      In the current study, we reported the tandem synthesis of two series of arene-linked pyrimidinone hybrids with related fused thieno[2,3-b]pyridine moiety. The target hybrids were prepared, in moderate to excellent yields, by the reaction of a ternary mixture of the appropriate of 3-aminothieno[2,3-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate, DMF-DMA, and a series of aryl amines in dioxane at 110 °C for 8 h. The antibacterial activity of the new hybrids was estimated against six susceptible ATCC strains. Hybrids 5g and 7g, linked to a sulfonamide unit, showed the best efficacy against S. aureus and E. faecalis strains with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 1.7–1.8 μM, which exceed ciprofloxacin. Furthermore, some of new hybrids were examined as potential inhibitors of four different MRSA and VRE strains. Hybrids 5g and 7g demonstrated more potent efficacy than linezolid against MRSA strains with MIC values of 3.6/3.4 and 1.8/1.7 μM against ATCC:33591 and ATCC:43300 strains, respectively. The prior hybrids displayed a comparable efficacy with linezolid against VRE strains with MIC values of 7.3/6.9 and 3.6/3.4 μM against ATCC:51299 and ATCC:51575 strains, respectively. Additionally, some of the new hybrids were examined as potential COX-2 inhibitors using the reference celecoxib (IC50 of 0.117 µM). Hybrid 7g revealed more potent inhibitory efficacy than celecoxib with IC50 of 0.112 µM, whereas hybrid 5g showed almost inhibitory activity equivalent to celecoxib with IC50 of 0.121 µM. Molecular docking was performed to predict the possible binding interactions between hybrids 5g and 7g with the target COX-2 enzyme.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-10-06T05:36:15Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0121
       
  • Photocatalytic degradation of Eosin B dye in aqueous solution by cadmium
           oxide nanoparticles

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      Authors: Falak Naz, Khalid Saeed
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Cadmium oxide (CdO) and potassium (K) doped CdO nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by the chemical co-precipitation method and were used as photocatalysts for the degradation of Eosin B dye. The X-ray diffraction results presented that the crystallite size of undoped CdO and K doped CdO NPs were 43.74 and 42.31 nm, respectively. The morphological study and percent composition of synthesized undoped CdO and K doped CdO NPs was done by scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The formation of NPs was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The precursor decomposition to CdO after annealing at ∼500 °C was studied by thermogravimetric analysis. The undoped CdO and K doped CdO nanoparticles degraded about 80% and 90% of the dye, respectively, in 140 min. The maximum degradation efficiency of the dye was achieved at a pH of 4, dye initial concentration of 15 ppm, catalyst dose of 20 mg, and a temperature of 45 °C. The degradation efficiency observed for recovered undoped CdO and recovered doped CdO nanoparticles was found to be 63% and 77%, respectively.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-10-04T12:54:17Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0098
       
  • Thioflavin T fluorescence and NMR spectroscopy suggesting a
           non-G-quadruplex structure for a sodium binding aptamer embedded in
           DNAzymes

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      Authors: Runjhun Saran, Kyle A. Piccolo, Yanping He, Yongqiang Kang, Po-Jung Jimmy Huang, Chunying Wei, Da Chen, Thorsten Dieckmann, Juewen Liu
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Recently, a Na+-binding aptamer was reported to be embedded in a few RNA-cleaving DNAzymes, including NaA43, Ce13d, and NaH1. The Na+ aptamer consists of multiple GG stretches, which is a prerequisite for the formation of G-quadruplex (G4) structures. These DNAzymes require Na+ for activity but show no activity in the presence of K+ or other metal ions. Given that DNA can selectively bind K+ by forming a G4 structure, this work aims to answer whether this Na+ aptamer also uses a G4 to bind Na+. Through comparative ThT fluorescence spectrometry studies, while a control G4 DNA exhibited notable fluorescence enhancement up to 5 mM K+ with a Kd of 0.28 ± 0.06 mM, the Ce13d DNAzyme fluorescence was negligibly perturbed with similar concentrations of K+. Opposed to this, Ce13d displayed specific remarkable fluorescence decrease with low millimolar concentrations of Na+. NMR experiments at two different pH values suggest that Ce13d adopts a significantly different conformation or equilibrium of conformations in the presence of Na+ versus K+ and has a more stable structure in the presence of Na+. Additionally, absence of characteristic G4 peaks in one-dimensional 1H NMR suggest that G4 is not responsible for the Na+ binding. This hypothesis is confirmed by the absence of characteristic peaks in the CD spectra of this sequence. Therefore, we concluded that the aptamer must be selective for Na+ and that it binds Na+ using a structural element that does not contain G4.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-09-16T11:15:05Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0024
       
  • Fast synthesis of MoO3-x and its catalytic effect on the thermal
           decomposition of ammonium perchlorate based molecular perovskite (DAP-4)

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      Authors: Xiaoxia Li, Shuaida Zhu, Qi Jia, Haixia Zhao, Yuqi Cao, Yuying Ma, Shuangqi Hu, Xiong Cao
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      In this work, it is shown that MoO3-x has a positive effect on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate based molecular perovskite (H2DABCO)[NH4(ClO4)3] (DAP-4). MoO3-x was prepared by heat treatment, and the morphology, structure, and thermal decomposition performance were characterized. The morphology and structure characterization results showed that MoO3-x was an irregular layered structure material and the Mo element was mainly in the +6 chemical valence state, with a small amount of Mo5+. Thermal analysis results showed that the thermal decomposition peak temperature of DAP-4 was effectively reduced from 394.4 °C to 353.7 °C, 321.4 °C, and 312.5 °C in the presence of 1%, 5%, and 10% MoO3-x, respectively. It is particularly worth noting that the maximum heat release rate of the DAP-4/10% MoO3-x mixture was increased by 4.9 times compared with pure DAP-4. Through the two classic thermal decomposition kinetic methods, Kissinger and Starink, the reliable kinetic parameters of DAP-4/MoO3-x were obtained. The increase of the reaction rate constant k indicated that the maximum thermal decomposition reaction rate of DAP-4 was effectively improved. This work provided a feasible technology for using MoO3-x as an effective catalyst to improve the thermal performance of DAP-4.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-08-11T04:18:33Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0010
       
  • Phenothiazines as dual inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 main protease and COVID-19
           inflammation

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      Authors: Katrina L. Forrestall, Darcy E. Burley, Meghan K. Cash, Ian R. Pottie, Sultan Darvesh
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      COVID-19, caused by the severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), currently has no treatment for acute infection. The main protease (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2 is an essential enzyme for viral replication and an attractive target for disease intervention. The phenothiazine moiety has demonstrated drug versatility for biological systems, including inhibition of butyrylcholinesterase, a property important in the cholinesterase anti-inflammatory cascade. Nineteen phenothiazine drugs were investigated using in silico modelling techniques to predict binding energies and inhibition constants (Ki values) with SARS-CoV-2 Mpro. Because most side-effects of phenothiazines are due to interactions with various neurotransmitter receptors and transporters, phenothiazines with few such interactions were also investigated. All compounds were found to bind to the active site of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and showed Ki values ranging from 1.30 to 52.4 µM in a rigid active site. Nine phenothiazines showed inhibition constants
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-07-12T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0139
       
  • 1,2-Dihydro-1,3,2-diazaborinine tautomer as an electron-pair donor in
           hydrogen-bonded complexes

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      Authors: Ibon Alkorta, José Elguero, Janet E. Del Bene
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Ab initio MP2/aug’-cc-pVTZ calculations have been carried out to investigate 1,2-dihydro-1,3,2-diazaborinine:HX complexes for HX = H+, HF, HCl, H2O, HCN, NH3, HCP, and HCCH. Most complexes are stabilized by linear, traditional hydrogen bonds except for those with H2O and NH3, which have bridging structures and nonlinear hydrogen bonds. H-atom transfer from N to B can occur in complexes with HF and HCl, with formation of a traditional F–H···N bond and a proton-shared Cl···H···N bond. The binding energies of the uncharged complexes range from 25 to 88 kJ mol−1. Spin-spin coupling constants have been used to characterize these hydrogen-bonded complexes.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-07-08T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0072
       
  • Development of calix[4]arenes modified at their narrow- and wide-rims as
           potential metal ions sensor layers for microcantilever sensors: further
           studies

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      Authors: Paris E. Georghiou, Shofiur Rahman, Yousif Assiri, Gopi Kishore Valluru, Melita Menelaou, Abdullah N. Alodhayb, Mona Braim, L.Y. Beaulieu
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      The development of a microcantilever (MCL) sensing device capable of simultaneously detecting several metal ionic species in aqueous media with low limits of detection requires a variety of sensing layers that are ion specific. Calix[4]arenes are robust molecules that can be easily modified and have been extensively studied for their ion binding properties. They are also capable of forming self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on the gold layers of MCLs and are capable of detecting various metal ions with different anionic counterions in aqueous solutions. In this paper, we report on the effect of the alkoxy group in the narrow rim [O-(alkoxycarbonyl)methoxy] substituents of bimodal calix[4]arenes, which have been used as metal ion MCL sensing layers, using classical solution state experimental studies. A DFT computational study to compare the experimental results with several metal ions is also reported herein.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-06-25T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0119
       
  • Biochemical and biophysical investigation of the HalM2 lanthipeptide
           synthetase using mass spectrometry

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      Authors: Sally R. Hamry, Christopher J. Thibodeaux
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      The rapid emergence of antimicrobial resistance in clinical settings has called for renewed efforts to discover and develop new antimicrobial compounds. Lanthipeptides present a promising, genetically encoded molecular scaffold for the engineering of structurally complex, biologically active peptides. These peptide natural products are constructed by enzymes (lanthipeptide synthetases) with relaxed substrate specificity that iteratively modify the precursor lanthipeptide to generate structures with defined sets of thioether macrocycles. The mechanistic features that guide the maturation of lanthipeptides into their proper, fully modified forms are obscured by the complexity of the multistep maturation and the large size and dynamic structures of the synthetases and precursor peptides. Over the past several years, our lab has been developing a suite of mass spectrometry-based techniques that are ideally suited to untangling the complex reaction sequences and molecular interactions that define lanthipeptide biosynthesis. This review focuses on our development and application of these mass spectrometry-based techniques to investigate the biochemical, kinetic, and biophysical properties of the haloduracin β class II lanthipeptide synthetase, HalM2.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-06-24T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0124
       
  • Examining chemistry students’ perceptions toward multiple-choice
           assessment tools that vary in feedback and partial credit

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      Authors: Michael Williams, Eileen Wood, Fatma Arslantas, Steve MacNeil
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Multiple-choice testing with dichotomous scoring is one of the most common assessment methods utilized in undergraduate education. Determining students’ perceptions toward different types of multiple-choice testing formats is important for effective assessment. The present study compared two alternative multiple-choice testing formats used in a second-year required chemistry course: (i) Immediate Feedback Assessment Technique (IFAT®) and (ii) Personal Point Allocation (PPA). Both testing methods allow for partial credit, but only the IFAT® provides immediate feedback on students’ responses. Both survey and interview data indicated that, overall, most students preferred IFAT® to the PPA testing method. These positive ratings were related to potential increase in reward, ease of use, and confidence. IFAT® was also perceived to be less stress producing and anxiety provoking than PPA. Interview data not only supported these findings, but also indicated individual differences in preference for each of these two methods. Additionally, students’ feedback on strategies used for either testing method and suggestions on how to improve the methods are discussed.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-06-16T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2020-0398
       
  • Study of nitrazepam interaction with alcohol: an ultrasonic and
           physiochemical investigation

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      Authors: Chandra Kant Bhardwaj, Suraj Prakash, Anjana Kumari Bhardwaj
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      The intermolecular interaction between the constituent components of liquid mixtures can be revealed by ultrasonic analysis. In the present study, interaction of nitrazepam with methyl alcohol has been studied and presented using ultrasonic tools. The investigation involves calculation of ultrasonic velocity (υ), density (ρ), viscosity (η), and the associated derived parameters. The specific acoustic impedance (Z), isentropic compressibility (β), relaxation time (τ), intermolecular free length (Lf), and solvation number (Sn) are calculated to reveal the interaction information. The solvent–solvent and solute–solvent interaction between nitrazepam and alcohol molecules is considered. To see the impact of nitrazepam with alcohol in an ordinary day to day scenario, the investigation was carried out under normal temperature (303–313 K) and pressure conditions. The results indicate increased molecule association of nitrazepam in the presence of alcohol. This study suggests the presence of a synergistic depressants effect when nitrazepam is used with alcohol.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-06-16T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0042
       
  • Semi-synthesis of novel buprenorphine derivatives and their
           anti-nociceptive properties and dependency potential

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      Authors: Zahra Hasanpour, Peyman Salehi, Lennart Bunch, Mona Khoramjouy, Morteza Bararjanian, Dan Staerk, Mehrdad Faizi
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Novel 1,2,3-triazole-tethered N-norbuprenorphine derivatives with an OMe or OH group at the C3 position were synthesized alongside with evaluation of their analgesic properties. The analgesic activities of the resulting library were investigated via tail flick test in mice. Our results indicated that 10b and 10e were as effective as the starting compounds 8 and 9 with ED50 equal to 16.59 and 19.44 mg/kg, respectively. To investigate the effect of a methyl group at C3 on biological properties, the most active compounds were O-demethylated and their anti-nociceptive effects were assessed. The new O-demethylated derivatives (11b and 11e) showed better analgesic properties than the parent compounds with ED50 of 14.73 and 15.80 mg/kg, respectively. Naloxone prevented the analgesic effect of the synthesized compounds, indicating that the opioid receptors are highly involved in the anti-nociceptive effects. The potential dependency effects of the most potent derivatives were studied by condition place preference test in mice and compared with morphine and buprenorphine. Interestingly, 10b, 10e, 11b, and 11e did not show any dependency effect, similar to buprenorphine.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-06-08T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2020-0429
       
  • Scavenging of “dry” electrons prior to hydration by azide ions: effect
           on the formation of H2 in the radiolysis of water by 60Co γ-rays and
           tritium β-electrons

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      Authors: Sunuchakan Sanguanmith, Jintana Meesungnoen, Yusa Muroya, Jean-Paul Jay-Gerin
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      In this study, we use Monte Carlo track chemistry simulations to show that “dry” secondary electrons, precursors of the “hydrated” electron (e−aq), can be scavenged on the sub-picosecond time scale prior to hydration, by a high concentration (>0.1–1 M) of azide ions (N3−) in water irradiated with 60Co γ-rays and tritium β-electrons at 25 °C. This is a striking result, as N3− is known to react very slowly with e−aq. These processes tend to significantly reduce the yields of H2 as observed experimentally. For both energetic Compton electrons (“linear energy transfer”, LET ∼ 0.3 keV/µm), which are generated by the cobalt-60 γ-rays, and 3H β-electrons (LET ∼ 6 keV/µm), our H2 yield results confirm previous Monte Carlo simulations, which indicated the necessity of including the capture of the precursors to e−aq. Interestingly, our calculations show no significant changes in the scavenging of “dry” electrons at high azide concentrations in passing from γ-radiolysis to tritium β-radiolysis (i.e., with LET). This led us to the conclusion that the higher H2 yield observed experimentally for 3H β-electrons compared with 60Co γ-rays is mainly explained by the difference in the radiation track structures during the chemical stage (>1 ps). The higher LET of tritium β-electrons leads to more molecular products (H2 in this case) in tritium radiolysis than in γ-radiolysis. Finally, a value of ∼0.5 nm was derived for the reaction distance between N3− and the “dry” electron from the H2 yields observed in 60Co γ-radiolysis at high N3− concentrations.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-06-07T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2020-0504
       
  • Realization of rapid synthesis of H-ZSM-5 zeolite by seed-assisted method
           for aromatization reactions of methanol or methane

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      Authors: HaiFeng Tian, Xing Yang, HaiZhou Tian, Fei Zha, XiaoJun Guo, XiaoHua Tang
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      H-ZSM-5 zeolites are successfully synthesized within 1 h with an organic template free system by the seed-assisted method. The synthetic method not only reduces the production cost of H-ZSM-5 zeolite, but also decreases the environmental pollution produced compared with that of the conventional synthesis process. Characterization by SEM, XRD, N2 adsorption–desorption, NH3-TPD, and Py-IR confirms that the H-ZSM-5 product has a high crystallinity and reveals that the rapid synthesis process is in accordance with the seed surface crystallization mechanism. To improve the aromatic selectivity on the H-ZSM-5 zeolite, different concentrations of Mo and Zn catalysts were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and the ion-exchange method. Mo-Zn/H-ZSM-5-SAS-1 h have similar catalytic lifetimes and higher selectivity of paraxylene in aromatic products compared with Mo-Zn/H-ZSM-5-seed in the reaction of methanol to aromatic. However, the catalytic lifetime of 6%Mo/H-ZSM-5-SAS-1 h is shorter than that of the 6%Mo/H-ZSM-5-seed catalyst in methane to benzene reaction under the same reaction conditions.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-06-03T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0095
       
  • Laboratory activities to support online chemistry courses: a literature
           review

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      Authors: Dietmar Kennepohl
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      The laboratory is an essential element in the teaching and learning of chemistry, but it is challenging to provide this when delivering courses and programs online or at a distance. Studies have repeatedly shown that alternate laboratory modes can lead to equivalent student performance when compared with in-person experiences. In this literature review, we will examine five modes of laboratory delivery (i.e., face-to-face, virtual, remote control, home-study kits and, to a lesser extent, self-guided field trips) that may be considered in providing quality practical laboratory activities to support online studies. Each mode brings its own particular strengths and weaknesses and can be used individually or in combination. The selection and integration of those modes, which is driven by learning outcomes and other factors, will be examined as part of the design process. Finally, future laboratory design will certainly include new technologies, but potentially also elements like open educational resources, learning analytics, universal design, and citizen science.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-06-03T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2020-0506
       
  • Photochemical reaction of superoxide radicals with 1-naphthol

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      Authors: Ying Liu, Mengyu Zhu, Yadong Hu, Yijun Zhao, Chengzhu Zhu
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      The photochemical reactions between 1-naphthol (1-NP) and the superoxide anion radical (O2•–) were investigated in detail by using 365 nm UV irradiation. The results showed that the conversion rate of 1-NP decreased with the increase of the initial concentration of 1-NP, whereas by increasing the pH and riboflavin concentration, the photochemical reaction was accelerated. The second-order reaction rate constant was estimated to be (3.64 ± 0.17) × 108 L mol−1 s−1. The major photolysis products identified by using gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC–MS) were 1,4-naphquinone and 2,3-epoxyresin-2,3-dihydro-1,4-naphquinone, and their reaction pathways were also discussed. An atmospheric model showed that both the bulk water reaction and the heterogeneous surface reaction deserve attention in atmospheric aqueous chemistry.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-05-28T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0028
       
  • Transient hypoxia in water irradiated by swift carbon ions at ultra-high
           dose rates: implication for FLASH carbon-ion therapy

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      Authors: Abdullah Muhammad Zakaria, Nicholas W. Colangelo, Jintana Meesungnoen, Jean-Paul Jay-Gerin
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Large doses of ionizing radiation delivered to tumors at ultra-high dose rates (i.e., in a few milliseconds) paradoxically spare the surrounding healthy tissue while preserving anti-tumor activity (compared with conventional radiotherapy delivered at much lower dose rates). This new modality is known as “FLASH radiotherapy” (FLASH-RT). Although the molecular mechanisms underlying FLASH-RT are not yet fully understood, it has been suggested that radiation delivered at high dose rates spares normal tissue via oxygen depletion followed by subsequent radioresistance of the irradiated tissue. To date, FLASH-RT has been studied using electrons, photons, and protons in various basic biological experiments, pre-clinical studies, and recently in a human patient. However, the efficacy of heavy ions, such as energetic carbon ions, under FLASH-RT conditions remains unclear. Given that living cells and tissues consist mainly of water, we set out to study, from a pure radiation chemistry perspective, the effects of ultra-high dose rates on the transient yields and concentrations of radiolytic species formed in water irradiated by 300-MeV per nucleon carbon ions (LET ∼ 11.6 keV/µm). This mimics irradiation in the “plateau” region of the depth–dose distribution of ions, i.e., in the “normal” tissue region in which the LET is rather low. We used Monte Carlo simulations of multiple, simultaneously interacting radiation tracks together with an “instantaneous pulse” irradiation model. Our calculations show a pronounced oxygen depletion around 0.2 μs, strongly suggesting, as with electrons, photons, and protons, that irradiation with energetic carbon ions at ultra-high dose rates is suitable for FLASH-RT.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-05-28T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0110
       
  • Preparation and catalytic property of composite ionic liquid immobilized
           on SBA-15

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      Authors: Shan Lining, Wang Haiyue, Guo Liying, Zheng Rongrong, Shi Lili, Zhang Shuo
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      In this work, we report a more simple and efficient way to synthesize a composite ionic liquid (IL) ([BMIM][Zn2Br5]) by directly coupling the IL with molecular sieves. Two kinds of immobilized catalysts were successfully synthesized: SBA-15-[BMIM][Zn2Br5] and SBA-15-CPTES-[BMIM][Zn2Br5]. The catalysts were used to catalyze the cycloaddition reaction of continuous transformation of CO2 and propylene oxide, and the catalytic performance of catalysts was further studied. Compared with the traditional IL catalysts, the catalysts not only have excellent catalytic performance, but also have a significantly longer service life. This is because the catalysts are formed by a high energy chemical bond of silane between IL catalysts and molecular sieves, which can effectively solve the problem of the loss of IL active components in the catalytic process.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-05-28T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0005
       
  • Thermodynamic theory of irreversible processes and generalized
           hydrodynamics of fluids

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      Authors: Byung Chan Eu
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, a review is presented of the thermodynamic theory of irreversible processes, based on the Clausius inequality representative of the literal forms of the second law of thermodynamics as stated by Kelvin and Clausius. Generalized hydrodynamic equations in conformation to the law are presented for transport processes in fluids removed far from equilibrium. They generalize the Navier–Stokes–Fourier hydrodynamics to flows of nonlinear irreversible processes.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-05-14T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0048
       
  • Advances in mass spectrometry for molecular characterization of oil sands
           naphthenic acids and process chemicals in wetlands

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      Authors: John V. Headley, Kerry M. Peru, Ian Vander Meulen
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Advances in mass spectrometry in the authors’ and key collaborators’ research are reviewed for analysis of oil sands naphthenic acids fraction compounds (NAFCs) and industrial process chemicals, sulfolane and alkanolamines, in wetlands. Focus is given to developments of analyses of NAFCs in constructed wetland treatment systems and natural wetlands in the Athabasca oil sands region, Alberta, Canada. The analytical developments are applied to show the utility of wetlands to sequester and oxidize oil sands naphthenic acids. The advancements in molecular characterization led to the first application of high-resolution mass spectrometry (Fourier transform ion-cyclotron resonance and Orbitrap mass spectrometry) for elucidation of toxic mono- and di-carboxylic NAFCs in oil sands environmental samples. Key findings reveal that oil sands NAFCs are not limited to saturated structures but contain a diverse range of components, many of which contain S, N, heteroatomic species and aromatic species. Other developments of mass spectrometry methods for industrial process chemicals show for the first time that the completely water-miscible chemical, sulfolane, translocate to upper portions of cattails at natural wetland sites in the Canadian environment. Likewise, wetland-plant mediated changes of complex mixtures of alkanolamines were revealed based on the coupling of ion chromatography mass spectrometry and ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry. The advances in mass spectrometry are of particular benefit to Canada, for development of soil and water quality guidelines for oil sands NAFCs and process chemicals. In turn, the water quality guidelines serve to protect Canadian aquatic environments.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-05-14T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2020-0478
       
  • Solidification transformations in liquid phase separated metastable
           monotectic Cu-50 at. % Co alloy

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      Authors: Oluwatoyin E. Jegede, Nafisul Haque, Andrew M. Mullis, Robert F. Cochrane
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Metastable monotectic Cu-50 at. % Co alloy produced by arc melting has been processed under micro gravity condition using a drop tube and subjected to differential thermal analysis (DTA). Microstructural evidence from the as solidified sample revealed that rapid cooling of the arc melt process was enough to incite liquid phase separation in the alloy. In the drop tube samples, the melting temperature of the β-phase (Cu-rich) was determined to be 1294.8 K, whereas that of the α-phase (Co-rich) was found to vary with cobalt content.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-05-14T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0064
       
  • Relating natural organic matter conformation, metal complexation, and
           photophysics

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      Authors: Laura Stirchak, D. James Donaldson
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      We investigated the relationship between changes in fluorescence intensity and in fluorescence anisotropy for Suwannee River Natural Organic Matter (SRNOM) due to the formation of NOM-metal complexes with divalent and trivalent metals commonly present in both fresh water and sea water environments. We chose metal ions whose complexes give rise to both fluorescence quenching (Fe3+, Cu2+) and fluorescence enhancement (Al3+, Mg2+). Stern–Volmer type analyses quantified the changes in the SRNOM fluorescence as a function of metal concentration. All metals display strong complexation with SRNOM, associated with their effect on fluorescence. Experiments with Fe3+ further show strong effects due to NOM aggregation at all but the lowest metal concentrations studied here. There was little to no change in the conformation of SRNOM as inferred from fluorescence anisotropy caused by increasing metal concentration. These results suggest that there is no correlation between photophysical changes and conformational changes in NOM associated with complexation by the metal ions.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-05-06T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0018
       
  • Carbon–carbon bond formation and green chemistry: one dream and 30
           years hence

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      Authors: Chao-Jun Li
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      Carbon–carbon bond formation is the core of organic synthesis, in which organometallic reagents play the key role in the forms of 1,2-nucleophilic additions, conjugate additions, and transition-metal catalyzed cross-couplings. These reactions have enabled the production of a wide range of organic molecules in our society. Despite the enormous power of organometallic reagents in chemical synthesis, they have inherent drawbacks in the eyes of future sustainability. This account summarizes our efforts over the past three decades on the exploration of new scientific means to overcome the drawbacks and limitations of these classical organometallic reactions.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-05-06T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2021-0053
       
  • Carbon-supported copper–organic framework as active catalysts for
           acetylene hydrochlorination

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      Authors: Yi-Bo Wu, Yao Ma, Qing-Bin Li, Song-Tian Li, Yong-Jun Han, Fu-Xiang Li
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Ahead of Print.
      In this work, activated carbon supported Cu-MOF was used as an acetylene hydrochlorination catalyst to manufacture vinyl chloride. Cu-MOF/AC with 15 wt. % Cu-MOF content has the initial acetylene conversion of 99.2% and vinyl chloride selectivity of 98.5% at 200 °C. By combining steady-state experiments and physical–chemical characterization results (XPS, BET, H2-TPR, C2H2-TPD, XRD, and HCl adsorption experiments), Cu–O–C is shown to slow the reduction of Cu2+, improve the reactants adsorption, and strengthen the anti-coking ability of Cu-based catalysts. According to the previous studies and the Eley–Rideal mechanism, it is proposed that Cu2+ first adsorbed C2H2 to generate transition states in acetylene hydrochlorination catalysis.
      Citation: Canadian Journal of Chemistry
      PubDate: 2021-03-29T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2020-0378
       
 
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