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CHEMISTRY (595 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
2D Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ACS Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
ACS Macro Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 244)
ACS Photonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chimica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Mineralogist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 203)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 219)
Annales UMCS, Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 310)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomacromolecules     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 14)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 182)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 146)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Chemistry of Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 258)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemosensors     Open Access  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal  
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access  
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Comptes Rendus Chimie     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Physique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Coordination Chemistry Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CrystEngComm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Current Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Metabolomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Molecular Therapeutics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Current Research in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 61)
Dalton Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Developments in Geochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Dislocations in Solids     Full-text available via subscription  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Drying Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Contamination     Open Access  
Educación Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education for Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry     Open Access  
Elements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Science & Technology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
  [SJR: 0.274]   [H-I: 19]   [67 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1553-3468
   Published by Science Publications Homepage  [28 journals]
  • Metabolite Profiles of Arsenic Tolerant Plants Regenerated from Stem Calli
           of Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees using HPLC and 1D 1H NMR

    • Abstract: In vitro culture provide a suitable condition for regeneration of arsenic tolerant plants from stem calli of Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees. The regenerated plants could be valuable material applicable to soil remediation. In vitro culture of stem explants on MS basal salts, 3.0% sucrose, 0.8% agar medium fortified with various concentrations of As2O3 (0.0-9.0 µM) along with NAA (3.5 mg L-1) and KIN (1.0 mg L-1) influenced resistant callus formation. Growth of callus was slightly inhibited with increased resistance up to 22% (53±0.8 mg fwt and 27±1.5 mg dwt) on 7.0 µM As2O3 selective medium. The resistant callus line inoculated on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of As2O3 along with BA (2.5 mg L-1) and NAA (3.0 mg L-1) induced the development of shoots. Shoot organogenesis was slightly inhibited by arsenic metal stress. However the growth tolerance has increased up to 14.5% on medium with 7.0 µM As2O3. The rate of adventitious rooting of plantlets was gradually decreased with more tolerance (11.1±1.4 rootlets per plantlets) in 7.0 µM As2O3 selected media. After acclimatization, about 40% of plants were survived as arsenic tolerance than control plants in pots containing soil treated with 7.0 µM As2O3 solutions. The level of arsenic detectability was 0.96 ppb and 4.67 ppb in control and 7.0 µM As2O3 treated plants, respectively by AAS analysis. Moreover, the production of Andrographolide was found quite high (4.41 mg/g) in tolerant plants grown at 7.0 µM As2O3 treatment than control by HPLC analysis. 1D 1H NMR profile revealed the metabolic changes significantly in control and 7.0 µM As2O3 treated plant samples. This is the first report confirming the suitability of in vitro selection for obtaining of vigorous and proliferative clones of A. paniculata plants tolerant to elevated arsenic concentration.
  • Response Surface Optimized Ultrasonic Assisted Extraction of Total
           Flavonoids from Walnut Leaves and In Vitro Antibacterial Activities

    • Abstract: In this paper, the optimum extraction conditions oftotal flavonoids extracted from walnut leaves subjected to Ultrasonic AssistedExtraction (UAE) were optimized by Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Themathematical model showed the high coefficient of measurement (R2 =0.9938) which indicated that this model could be used to guide the responsesurface methodology. The optimum extraction parameters for extractingflavonoids from walnut leaves determined in this study were extractiontemperature 47.73°C, extraction time 30.79 min, ethanol concentration 72.89% (v/v). Under the optimal extractionconditions, the flavonoids yield was about 3.5315%. Statistical analysis of theresults showed that extraction temperature, extraction time and ethanolconcentration significantly affected the extraction yield of total flavonoids.In addition, the antibacterial activity assays ofthe flavonoids were carried out and it wasdemonstrated that the total flavonoids extracted at the optimum conditions hadpronounced antibacterial effects against the four bacterial species. Therefore,this study suggested that walnut leaves are promisingresourceswith antibacterial properties for the development of phytomedicines.
  • The Investigation of Organelle Genomes of Extra Nuclear Sunflower Mutants
           with Variegated Phenotype

    • Abstract: The comparative analysis of complete chloroplast andmitochondrial DNA sequences of the original inbred line 3629 and three extranuclear mutant lines variegated-1, variegated-15, variegated-17,obtained by the N-nitroso-N-methylurea induced mutagenesis, was done. Thestudied mutant lines were presented two different phenotypes with diversechlorophyll content: Pale/green mutant line variegated-17 with 1.8%relative (to 3629 line) chlorophyll content in mutant leaf tissue andyellow/green lines variegated-1, variegated-15 with 6.3% and 4.3%relative chlorophyll content, respectively. Each line had unique variationsites in chloroplast DNA. Among chloroplast SNP there were determined 7nonsynonymous substitutions, which were located in psaA (variegated-1),petD, rpl36, ccsA (variegated-15), rps4, rpoA,rpoC1 (variegated-17). The SNP of variegated-17 line has resultedin the frameshift (rpoC1) andpremature stop codon formations (rpoA, rpoC1). The whole genomesequencing of mitochondrial DNA mutant lines revealed no differences ascompared with original line 3629. Summarizing current data and our previousresearch of variegated mutants we assume that pale/green variegated phenotypeis associated with significant disturbance of RNA polymerase subunits genes,and the lesions in photosynthetic genes lead to yellow/green mutant phenotype.
  • Enhanced Fatty Acid Production in Escherichia coli by Over-Expression of
           NADPH Generating Enzymes

    • Abstract: NADPH is an essential factor for Fatty Acid (FA) biosynthesis. The effect of NADPH generating enzymes [NADP+-dependent malic enzyme (NADP-ME), NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP-IDH), Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (GPD) and 6-Phosphogluconate Dehydrogenase (PGD)] on FA biosynthesis was investigated in an engineered Escherichia coli BL21 'fadE/pTE. Among NADPH-generating enzymes, GPD and ICD increased total FA production by 60 and 16% respectively. Especially medium-chain FA production was increased up to 4.2 and 2.5 folds respectively. In addition, over-expression of the endogenous Thioesterase (TE) reduced Cyclopropane Fatty Acid (CFA) production by 40% and over-expressing of GPD and ICD further decreased CFA production by 23 and 30%, respectively compared to the TE over-expressed strain. Over-expression of TE appeared to be a good strategy to produce high quality biodiesel with medium-chain FAs as major Component (62%) and with Minimal Amount of CFA (4%). This study reveals that NADPH-generating enzyme GPD is associated with FA biosynthesis in E. coli, but not all reducing power generating enzymes, are involved in FA biosynthesis in bacteria.
  • Brevibacillus Thermoruber 9X-GLC, Bacteria Isolated from Hot Compost,
           Producer of a Beta-Glucosidase Resistant to Glucose Inhibition

    • Abstract: The thermotolerant strain Brevibacillus thermoruber 9X-GLC produces large amounts of β-D-glucosidase and cellobiohydrolase when grown on cellobiose and avicel. 9X-GLC was isolated from hot compost of sugarcane bagasse and filter mud and selected for its high enzymatic activity from a Bacilli collection of 77 isolates from soils and compost. Culture supernatants and ultrafiltered concentrates from shaken flask cultures of 9X-GLC were tested for their β-D-glucosidase activity and stability under different conditions of temperature, pH and glucose concentration. The concentrated supernatant from 9X-GLC cultures on cellobiose as sole carbon source had its highest β-D-glucosidase activity at 55°C; pH= 6.0 and retained 60% of its activity at a glucose concentration of up to 200 mM. The effect of different carbon sources on growth and β-D-glucosidase activity of concentrated supernatants was tested in 48 h shaken flask cultures of 9X-GLC. Glucose, cellodextrin and cellobiose supported high cell densities (>2×108 CFU/ml), whereas cellobiose and cellodextrin provided the best substrates for β-D-glucosidase production. The putative gene encoding β-D-glucosidase from 9X-GLC was obtained from PCR amplification and sequenced. The sequence of the putative structural gene of 2085 bp reveals 6 catalytic domains with high (>90%) homology to bacterialglycosidases.
  • Bioactive Compounds from Sponge Associated Bacteria: Anticancer Activity
           and NRPS-PKS Gene Expression in Different Carbon Sources

    • Abstract: Sponge associated bacteria with diverse NRPS-PKS genes could be the alternative source of bioactive compounds. This study aimed to analyze the activity as well as the regulatory mechanism regarding the anticancer properties derived from these bacteria against cancer cell lines. Extraction of bacterial metabolites using ethyl acetate solvent resulted yield ranging from 0.003 to 0.016% (w/v). Six extracts of bacterial metabolites showed markedly cytotoxic activity against 8 human hematopoietic cancer cell lines, with IC50 value 27.24 to 533.73 μg mL-1 in a dose dependent response, as assessed by MTT test. Supporting those results, reduction of cell density, morphological changes including cell shrinkage and formation of the apoptotic body of cancer cells lines, were found. As it might be due to the inhibitory effect of bacterial extract treatment. Apoptosis assay determined by annexin V-FITC apoptosis analysis showed that apoptotic cells were induced by bacterial extract after 6 h of treatment. Thus suggesting that the extract could be one of the external signals that activate the signal transduction pathway of apoptosis, especially in MOLT4 cells, acute lymphoblastic leukemic cell lines. Cell cycle analysis using propidium iodide revealed that the extract HAA 01 caused cell cycle arrest, since most of the MOLT4 cells were accumulated in Sub-G1 phase after 24 h of extract treatment. Interestingly, glycerol, lactose and amylum were the more preferable carbon source to produce anticancer compounds, than glucose. Our study indicates that anticancer activity of HAA 01 (identified as Bacillus subtilis based on API identification) extract is highly correlated with NRPS-PKS gene expression which is likely regulated by the type of carbon source.
  • Sildenafil in the Treatment of Postoperative Hypoxemia with High
           Resistance in Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    • Abstract: This study was designed to determine the effect of sildenafil treatment on postoperative hypoxemia with high resistance in cyanotic congenital heart disease. A total of 247 cases of cyanotic congenital heart disease were operated on from May 2006 to August 2014. Only 45 cases exhibited postoperative hypoxemia after symptomatic treatment. Sildenafil at doses of 0.30-5 mg/kg every 6 h was administered in 24 cases while the other 21 were administered a placebo (the control group). The partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2), systolic blood pressure, pulmonary arterial pressure and positive inotropic drugs score were evaluated at four time points including before (T1), 1 h (T2) and 1 day (T3) after treatment and when the ventilator was disconnected (T4). Furthermore, we compared the mechanical ventilation time between the two groups. Finally, there was one death in the placebo group while the others were cured. Compared with the placebo group, in the sildenafil group, the PaO2 rebounded faster and the pulmonary arterial pressure decreased significantly; furthermore, there were statistically significant differences from time point T2 between both groups (p<0.001). The systolic blood pressure rose slowly and there were statistically significant differences between both groups from time point T3 (p<0.001). The representations of the positive inotropic drug scores were obviously different between the two groups. The sildenafil group scores decreased soon and maintained this trend. The placebo group scores initially increased and then began to decline 1 day after treatment, but the final score was higher than that of the sildenafil group. Compared with the placebo group, in the sildenafil group, the respiratory and heart functions recovered rapidly and the patient’s stay on the mechanical ventilation was shorter (67.52±16.88 Vs. 44.25±13.39 h, p = 0.001). Therefore, sildenafil reduced pulmonary vascular resistance and obviously corrected the postoperative hypoxemia in cyanotic congenital heart disease.
  • The Role of Blended Learning on Student Performance in Biotechnology

    • Abstract: The present work aims for evaluating the role of blended learning on student engagement and performance in bioreactor design component of the biotechnology course. Interactive online module covering the main fundamental aspects of the subject was developed and made available to students prior to the class. Students who accessed the online module found to be more active in classroom response participations (p<0.05) and received higher marks in the examination (p<0.05). These data highlight the key role of blended learning in improving the student learning desire and academic performance
  • Antimicrobial Effects of 1-Monocaprylin and 1-Monocaproin Through in vitro
           Growth Inhibition and Molecular Docking Studies

    • Abstract: 1-monocaproin and 1-monocaprylin synthesized through a novel process by the chemical reaction of glycidol and their respective fatty acids with copper acetate as the catalyst possessed the amphiphilic property. 1- monoacyl glycerols synthesized were found to exhibit antibacterial, antifungal, anti parasitic and antiviral properties. 1-monocaproin and 1-monocaprylin were able to show their antibacterial effect by inhibiting the growth of the Gram negative bacteria Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis at concentrations of 100–500 ppm. The Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of both 1-monoacyl glycerols were found to be 0.5 ppm. 1-monocaproin and 1-monocaprylin were able to show their antifungal effect by inhibiting the growth of the filamentous fungi Mucor racemosus and Rhizopus stolonifer at the concentration of 1000 ppm. Based on the molecular interaction and common binding interaction study, 1-monocaproin is expected to exhibit a similar antiviral activity as that of Oseltamivir to H5N1 influenza virus hemagglutinin. 1-monocaprylin and 1-monocaproin synthesized using copper acetate could exhibit a broad spectrum antimicrobial effect in combination with other monoacyl glycerols or with other antimicrobial agents.
  • Separation and Identification of Two Fungal Strains in Stored Maize

    • Abstract: The microbiological spoilage of stored grain is important for human health and economic loss. Two major predominant grain spoilage fungi (M15 and M16) were isolated from maize from a granary in China. Morphological observation of the fungal isolates, analysis of their ITS sequences and construction of their phylogenetic trees were conducted on these two strains, which were identified as Fusarium solani (M15) and Aspergillus sclerotiorum (M16). This method was shown to be a feasible, accurate and convenient way to identify fungi in stored grain.
  • An Artificial Design Technique to Optimize Signal Peptide

    • Abstract: To determine optimal artificial signal peptide candidates for the possibility of creating high levels of secretion of heterologous proteins, substitution and redesign of amino acid sequences in the H-domain of the signal peptide was theoretically attempted. The method was based on comprehensive score matrix and Markov transfer matrix, which can make the artificial sequences maintain the structural characteristics and original polarity of signal peptides. For the artificial sequence, the feature vector of Structural Fusion Degree (SFD) is first extracted to quantitatively describe the compatibility of artificial cleaved region, then by comparing with highly secreted natural samples; tendencies of specific substitutions in the amino acid sequence can be identified at certain locations. These substitutions may represent the key amino acids that influence the secretion and expression levels of heterologous proteins. 
  • Optimization of Key Technology for Instant Sea Cucumber Processing through
           Fuzzy Evaluation and Response Surface Methodology

    • Abstract: The original flavor of instant sea cucumber products can be retained and these products consequently show good market potential. In this study, the key processing technique for instant sea cucumber was optimized on the basis of single factor through Box-Behnken response surface test method by using collagen and polysaccharide contents and fuzzy mathematics sensory score as response values. Results showed that cooking time, cooking temperature, sterilization time and sterilization temperature significantly affected the overall quality and sensory quality of instant sea cucumber products. The optimum processing conditions were as follows: Cooking time, 17 min; cooking temperature, 83°C; sterilization time, 10 min; and sterilization temperature, 103°C. Under these conditions, the collagen content, polysaccharide concentration and sensory evaluation were 5.263±0.020%, 1.021±0.068% and 97.27±0.85, respectively and these findings were consistent with the predicted values. This study revealed that the nutrient components of instant sea cucumber are efficiently preserved and thus provided technical guarantee for the processing and production of instant sea cucumber.
  • Multi-Phase Support Vector Regression Soft Sensor for Online Product
           Quality Prediction in Glutamate Fermentation Process

    • Abstract: Glutamate fermentation is inherently nonlinear, multi-phase and an aerobic fermentation process. As long measurement delays and expensive apparatus cost, on-line measurement of the product concentration is not necessarily available. The present fermentation process monitoring and quality prediction involve manual interpretation of highly informative, however, the concentrations of substrates, biomass and products are only low frequency off-line measurements. In this paper, we propose a novel Multi-Phase Support Vector Regression (MPSVR) based soft sensor model for online quality prediction of glutamate concentration. The glutamate fermentation process can be divided into a sequence of five phases by detecting the trend variation events (also termed as singular points or inflection point) of online measured O2 in the exhaust gas, the Inflection Point (IP) are easily identified through combining Moving Window (MW) with Pearson Correlation Coefficient (PCC). For each estimation phase, SVR soft sensor model are constructed and their performance is evaluated against fermentation data in a 5 L fermenter. The efficiency of the proposed soft sensor model for online product quality prediction has been demonstrated to be superior compared to that of reported techniques in a 5 L glutamate fermentation process.
  • The -863 TNF-&alpha; Polymorphism and Primary Open Angle Glaucoma in

    • Abstract: Growing evidence indicates that TNF-alpha is involved in the pathogenesis of POAG in several ways, primarly by induction of retinal ganglion cells apoptosis and therefore optic nerve degeneration. TNF-alpha and POAG relationship has been studied at the genetic level with variable results in different populations. The transcription rate and the release of the TNF-alpha cytokine have been reported to be affected by polymorphisms in the promoter of the TNF- alpha gene. Polymorphisms at positions -238 and -308 are the most frequent studied. Another polymorphism, at the position -863 in the promoter region, has been less studied, but a homozygous AA allele appears protective in a Chinese population. Our aim was to assess the potential association of -863C/A TNF-alpha gene promoter polymorphisms with POAG in an Egyptian group of subjects. Genotyping of the TNF-alpha (-863) polymorphism was done for 228 POAG patients and 230 control subjects using the PCR-based, Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) assay. TNF-alpha (-863) A/A genotype was absent in both groups. There was no significant difference between both groups as regards to TNF-α (-863) A allele carriage (6.14 versus 10.43%; p = 0. 099)). Also the genotype TNF-α (-863) C/C and the frequency of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (-863) C allele did not significantly differ between both groups (93.86 versus 89.57%; p = 0. 099) and 96.93 versus 94.78%; p = 0. 107) respectively. Our data indicated that the TNF-alpha (-863) a allele is not linked with primary open angle glaucoma protection among Egyptian patients.
  • Sex Identification and the Sex-Related Genes of Nipponia Nippon

    • Abstract: Sex identification in birds is necessary for studying their ecology, behavior and population dynamics and structure. This study was carried out to determine the sex of Nipponia nippon by a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method. The sexing universal primers of non-ratite birds were employed to amplify the sexing related genes and identify the sex of each individual. A 657 bp CHD gene fragments on Z chromosome in both sexes and a 463 bp female specific CHD fragments on W chromosome were cloned and sequenced. The sequences of these two sexing related genes fragments were similar with CHD-W of Phalacrocorax capillatuss and CHD-Z of Platalea minor individually. This study is valuable for managing and conserving endangered birds.
  • Optimization of Process Conditions for the Production of Holocellulase by
           a Bacillus Species Isolated from Nahoon Beach Sediments

    • Abstract: Production of holocellulase by a newly isolated marine Bacillus species via submerged fermentation technique at varying cultivation conditions was investigated. Enzyme production was optimized by altering one variable per time. Moreover effect of lignocellulosic saccharides in inducing cellulase and xylanase production was also investigated. The 16S ribosomal Deoxyribonucleic Acid (16S rDNA) gene sequence analysis exhibited 98% sequence similarity of the isolate with other Bacillus species in the gene bank and was deposited with the accession number KX524510. Optimal xylanase and cellulase production was attained at pH 7, temperature 30°C and agitation speed of 50 and 150 rpm. Furthermore, maximum xylanase and cellulase production were both achieved at 60 h corresponding to the late stationary growth stage, with activity of 16.6 and 0.061 U mL-1 respectively. Xylanase production was maximally induced by beechwood xylan, xylose and arabinose with activities of 13.59, 8.78 and 1.90 (U mL-1) respectively; while cellulase production was induced by carboxymethyl cellulose only and no cellulase activity was detected in the culture supernatant of the other carbon sources tested. Optimization increased cellulase and xylanase yields being 0.006-0.061 and 0.23-16.6 (U mL-1) from unoptimized to optimized respectively. The results of the study suggest the bacterial strain to be a proficient producer of cellulase and xylanase with potentials in biotechnological application.
  • The Progress of BMP4 on the Role of Ocular Development and Eye Diseases

    • Abstract: Bone morphogenetic protein belongs to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, is a unique ectopic cartilage and bone inducing activity of acidic protein. As one of the members of BMPs family, the formation and development of BMP4 in many organizations. In ocular tissue, BMP4 not only promotes the differentiation and development of different eye cells, but also plays an important role in ocular diseases. In this study, the recent advances in the study of BMP4 in ocular tissues are summarized and the function of BMP4 in different developmental stages of eye is briefly reviewed.
  • Biosynthesis of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles and Assay of Antibacterial

    • Abstract: In this study Out of 280 urinary tract infections samples, 212(75.7%) bacterial isolates were recovered. Based on, morphological, cultural and biochemical testes, further, confirmed the results by VITEK 2 System there were 54 (30.2%) of gram positive whereas the 158 (69.8%) of gram negative. The bacterial isolates were distributed as Escherichia coli followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis which represented 96(45.2%), 48 (22.6%), 43(20.3%), 14 (6.6%) and 11 (5.2%) respectively. The synthesis of Zinc Oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) using biological methods as eco-friendly from the use of Aspergillus niger filtrate in the extracellular synthesis, then identified and characterized by UV–Vis Spectrophotometer and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Furthermore, determine the antibacterial efficacy of biological synthesized ZnO NPs against isolated pathogens microbes Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The results found the used of 100 mL of ZnCL2 in cultivation of Aspergillus niger was obtained and biosynthesis of ZnO NPs at 46 mg. SEM was illustrate the morphology and practices of ZnO NPs sizes and appear as spherical in shape besides, the size range at 41-75 nm. The assurance by the UV-Vis spectrum appears the absorption bands of ZnO NPs at 380 nm. The results of 1.0 and 1.5 mg mL-1 from ZnO NPs synthesized from A. niger were effect of inhibition against S. aureus and E. coli bacterial isolated from urine tracts infection sources. The Inhibition Zone Diameters (IZD) against S. aureus was appear at 24 and 26 mm respectively compared with the IZD from Ciprofloxacin alone at 20 mm. while the same concentration from ZnO NPs against E. coli causing in IZD at 25 and 28 mm respectively compared with Ciprofloxacin inhibition alone at 23 mm.
  • Study on Nutritional Value of Instant Sea Cucumber Processed by the New
           Processing Approach

    • Abstract: In this study, the micrograph, the composition of amino acids and fatty acids were analyzed contrastively among the fresh, instant and commercial sea cucumber. The micrographs of fresh, instant and commercial sea cucumbers indicated that the processing technology of instant sea cucumber could effectively inhibit the damage of sea cucumber collagen structure and better maintain its original structure. Depending on the FAO/WHO and whole egg model to evaluate the sea cucumber protein's nutritional value, the results showed that instant sea cucumber owned the higher content of amino acid and the perfect profiles of amino acid, which meant that the protein of instant sea cucumber was easily digested and absorbed by human body and belonged to high quality protein. The instant sea cucumber was rich in essential fatty acids and n-3 series of polyunsaturated fatty acids and suitable for the Chinese residents' consumption. This study suggested that the instant sea cucumber was superior to the commercial sea cucumber with effective inhibition of the losing of nutrients and was fit for Chinese residents' consumption as a kind of high-quality products.
  • Influence of Curing Light Type and Staining Medium on the Discoloring
           Stability of Dental Restorative Composite

    • Abstract: Discoloration kinetics of 4 commercial nano-filled resin composites polymerized with LED and QTH source types in 4 different staining media held at 37°C are investigated. Quartz Tungsten Halogen (QTH) and Light Emitting Diode (LED) were used. Dental composites color change was monitored with a digital spectrophotometer at one, two and four weeks for quantitative comparison. The kinetics and intensities of the color change in accelerated aging tests in staining media were monitored and discussed. Discoloring followed diffusive driven kinetics. The four composites polymerized with QTH light showed higher differences in color change intensities compared to LED cured ones. All the QTH cured samples have shown significant higher variations of color changes intensities compared to LED samples (p<0.05). LED cured composite showed comparatively more stable initial shade persistence than QTH cured ones, which may be explained in terms of higher level of polymerization and surface hardness reached by the LED light cure resinous composite matrix.
  • Nano-Diamond Hybrid Materials for Structural Biomedical Application

    • Abstract: The development of new diamond based bio-mechanically active hybrid nano-structured scaffolds for cartilage cells tissue engineering are proposed in this study. Innovative tissue engineering biomimetic materials based on hydrogel have shown attractive physical, biological and mechanical properties in several biomedical applications. A highly biocompatible novel hybrid material based on nanodiamonds and hydrophilic poly-(hydroxyl-ethyl-methacrylate) (pHEMA) is proposed. The aim of this paper is to describe the chemical and analytical procedures for the preparation of nanofilled hybrid composites possessing biomimetic, osteoconductive and osteoinductivity properties that can be useful in the design of bio-mechanically active innovative bone scaffolding systems for stem cell differentiation and growth. A more rigid and rubber transparent hybrid nano-composites are predicted to posses improved mechanical strength overwhelming one of the major weaknesses of hydrogels, which is due their poor mechanical characteristics, for applications in biomedical structural application.
  • In silico Analysis of 4CL Family in Scutellaria baicalensis through
           Biocomputational Tools and Servers

    • Abstract: The gene sequences of 4-coumarate:coenzyme A ligase (4CL) family of Scutellaria baicalensis came from the GenBank Database. With help of some bioinformatics tools such as Vector NTI Suite 8, ProtParam and SWISS-MODEL and so on, a series of biological information of their nucleic acid sequences and amino acid sequences were predicted and analyzed and the results were revealed as following: Two 4cl member genes share high similarity in structure and properties on level of nucleic acid and amino acid molecular. 4CLs are hydrophic proteins without any transmembrane topological structure and some crucial motifs were found. The secondary structures of Sb4CLs are mainly composed of random coil and α-helix and the models of their tertiary structures were built. In silico analysis of Sv4CL was finished, which would pave for further studies of physichemical properties of 4CL family and its related molecular mechanism of flavonoid metabolic regulation.
  • Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles using Mediterranean Cypress
           (Cupressus sempervirens) Leaf Extract

    • Abstract: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) retained vast applications in science and technology. Due to the vast application of these particles in various disciplines, there is an interest for synthesis of AgNPs in an environmentally friendly and economic manner. For the first time we were used Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) leaf aqueous extract for biosynthesis of AgNPs. Prepared particles were in various shapes and their diameters were ranging from 10 to 80 nm. TEM micrographs were shown that AgNPs are capped with a biologic matrix. FTIR analysis indicates hydrophilic functional groups in the capping matrix which can improve the stability of AgNPs.
  • Nutritional and Fatty Acids Profile Analyses of Commonly Consumed Fresh
           Water Fish Species in Pakistan

    • Abstract: The aim of this study is to evaluate nutritional value of selected commonly consumed fresh water fish species of Pakistan. Proximate composition and fatty acids profile of mostly consumed fresh water fish species of Pakistan namely Balm or Baam (Anguilla anguilla), Sole (Channa marulius), Damra (Labeo rohita) and Malhi (Wallago atto) were analysed. Proximate composition data showed a significant difference (p<0.05) among the nutritional components except carbohydrate and gross energy contents. Protein and moisture contents found plenteous in the Baam (Anguilla anguilla) whereas ash and fat contents in Malhi (Wallagoatto) are found copious. Saturated Fatty Acids (SFAs) and Monounsaturated Fatty Acids (MUFAs) found to be principal Fatty Acids (FAs) with their ranges from (48.43 to 65.76%) and (25.72 to 31.37%) respectively. In SFAs and MUFAs, palmitic acid (32.4 to 47.71%) and oleic acid (10.97 to 21.26%) were identified as major FAs respectively in all species. The existence of short and medium chain SFAs is advantageous for designation of these fish species as alterative diet as these above mentioned FAs not only involved in metabolic regulation but also helpful to remove the metabolic disparities related to Coronary Heart Diseases (CHD), brain seizure, Alzheimer disease, glucose homeostasis, appetite and gastric acid secretion. Among the PUFAs, Omega-6 PUFAs are found to be more abundant than Omega-3 with Linoleic acid (LA, C18:2?6) as predominant PUFA in A. anguilla (9.137%) and L. rohita (9.128%) and γ-linolenic acid (GLA, C18:3?6) and cis-8, 11, 14 Eicosatrienoic (hGLA, C20:3 ?6) as most prevailing PUFAs in C. marulius (2.3%) and W. atto (1.61%) respectively. These species found to be a substantial source of Omega-6 PUFAs with ?3/?6 ratio less than 1. The overall all summation of Eicosapentaenoic (EPA, C20:5 ?3) acid and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6 ?3) ranged from 0.38% in C. marulius to 1.93% in L. rohita.
  • Callus Induction and Cellular Suspensions from Murtilla (Ugni molinae
           Turcz.) for trans-resveratrol Production

    • Abstract: The present study reports for the first time the quantification of resveratrol and the use of biotechnological techniques applied to stilbene productions in species from genus Ugni and calli production from adult explants (fruits). Resveratrol is synthesized by a series of families of higher plants, which has generated much interest in recent years for its antioxidant, anticancer and antitumor properties, which would allow longevity of cells to be prolonged. In this study, leaves and mature fruits were collected from three sites in Southern Chile and correspond to three ecotypes of the Chilean endemic species Ugni molinae Turz. (murtilla). These were established in vitro to prepare the callus and subsequent development of cellular suspensions for trans-resveratrol production. Our results showed that these stilbenes are present in murtilla and that their concentrations vary between ecotypes and tissues, reaching up to 553.5 &micro;g g-1 of t-resveratrol produced in ecotype 3 callus. These values are relatively higher than those found in other plant species. Under optimum culture conditions, extraction of resveratrol from Ugni molinae is scalable to industrial levels, which makes it a viable alternative for obtaining stilbenes.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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