Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 1001 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (59 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (726 journals)
    - CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (23 journals)
    - ELECTROCHEMISTRY (28 journals)
    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (45 journals)
    - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (49 journals)
    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (71 journals)

CHEMISTRY (726 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounts of Materials Research     Hybrid Journal  
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ACS Applied Polymer Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
ACS Materials Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 452)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Chemica Malaysia     Open Access  
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section A     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section B     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 108)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alchemy : Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alchemy : Jurnal Penelitian Kimia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alotrop     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 235)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 352)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio AA – Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 483)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 215)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cell Reports Physical Science     Open Access  
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 88)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Chemical Physics Letters : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 266)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Chemical Science International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry     Open Access  
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chemistry & Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 224)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Africa : A Journal of the Tunisian Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry Education Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 337)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistrySelect     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry–Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
ChemNanoMat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemPhotoChem     Hybrid Journal  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chempublish Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemSystemsChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
BioChip Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.412
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1976-0280 - ISSN (Online) 2092-7843
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2658 journals]
  • A Simple Paper-Based α-Amylase Separating System for Potential
           Application in Biological Sciences

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The salivary glands are closely associated with stress conditions and the neuroendocrine system. The concentrations of these salivary biomarkers fluctuate with a person’s disease status. Until now, salivary diagnostics have been promising; however, the analytical tools for detecting salivary biomarkers have remained burdensome due to the lack of user-friendly and cost-effective equipment. In this study, we used a microfluidic starch-coated paper-based chip to isolate ɑ-amylase from human saliva. The concentration of ɑ-amylase on the head and tail sections of the paper-based chip was compared in the presence or absence of starch. We found that ɑ-amylase was highly concentrated only in the head section of the starch-coated paper-based chip through Western blotting (WB) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We expect our designed paper-based chip will aid in α-amylase detection technologies using saliva and small amounts of other biofluids including blood, tears, pancreatic juice, and urine.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Biomimetic Nanopillar-Based Biosensor for Label-Free Detection of
           Influenza A Virus

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Since the first emergence of influenza viruses, they have caused the flu seasonally worldwide. Precise detection of influenza viruses is required to prevent the spreading of the disease. Herein, we developed an optical biosensor using peptide-immobilized nanopillar structures for the label-free detection of influenza viruses. The spin-on-glass nanopillar structures were fabricated by nanoimprint lithography. A sialic acid-mimic peptide, which can specifically bind to hemagglutinin on the surface of the influenza virus, was immobilized onto the nanopillars via polymerized dopamine. The constructed nanopillar sensor enabled us to detect influenza A viruses in the range of 103–105 plaque-forming units through simple measurements of reflectance. Our findings suggest that biomimetic modification of nanopillar structures can be an alternative method for the immunodiagnosis of influenza viruses.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • On-chip Paper Electrophoresis for Ultrafast Screening of Infectious
           Diseases

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The outbreak of new viral strains promotes advances in universal diagnostic techniques for detecting infectious diseases with unknown viral sequence. Long double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), a hallmark of infections, serves as a virus marker for prompt detection of viruses with unknown genomes. Here, we report on-chip paper electrophoresis for ultrafast screening of infectious diseases. Negatively charged RNAs pass through the micro and nanoscale pores of cellulose in order of size under an external electric field applied to the paper microfluidic channel. Quantitative separation of long dsRNA mimicking poly I:C was analyzed from 1.67 to 33 ng·μL−1, which is close to the viral dsRNA concentration in infected cells. This paper-based capillary electrophoresis chip (paper CE chip) can provide a new diagnostic platform for ultrafast viral disease detection at the point-of-care (POC) level.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Multistory Stairs-based, Fast and Point-of-care Testing for Disease
           Biomarker Using One-step Capillary Microfluidic Fluoroimmunoassay Chip via
           Continuous On-chip Labelling

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Sufficiently long reaction time and low flow velocity are crucial for capillary microfluidic immunoassay chips, especially for truly “one-step” detection with continuous on-chip labelling and capturing. In this study, a multistory stairs-based new delay valve is used to meet the time and flow requirements for protein testing. The delay strategy is capable of slowing down the flow of liquid into the functional region and delaying the time out of the regions as well, thus extending the labelling and capture time to about 100 and 60 s respectively, and further reducing the flow velocity to below 8 μL/min. Based on the principle of sandwich-like immunocomplex, the designed chip is capable of automatically accomplishing on-chip mixing, labelling and capturing procedures via once sample loading and sensitively detecting human Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) in 40 μL serum with a wide dynamic ranging from 10 ng/mL to 10 000 ng/mL within 5 min. It could be foreseeable that this microchip has great potential in biomarkers clinical testing.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Advances for the Development of In Vitro Immunosensors for Multiple
           Sclerosis Diagnosis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The diagnosis of diseases based on immunosensors have been objective of research in the last years, providing an improvement for a rapid detection, high sensitivity, precision, accuracy, specificity and resolution. Areas of progress such as analytical technologies, interpretation and standardization has been done for common biomarkers. However, years of research and development of a functional immunosensor with an unusual biomarker require further investigation to be optimized in any aspect. Recent development of biosensors to diagnose nervous system diseases, such as immunosensors for multiple sclerosis, has been the object of study in the past 10 years to improve common in vitro diagnostic methods such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), showing a big opportunity for further diagnostic optimization. The aim of this review is to show a report on the development of in vitro immunosensors for multiple sclerosis diagnosis until today, with the particular focus on monitoring analyte concentration levels on cerebrospinal fluid and serum as a contribution and improvement to current diagnostic methods.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • The Novel Membrane-Type Micro-system to Assess the Bonus Effect of
           Physiological and Physical Stimuli on Bone Regeneration

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The periosteal progenitor cell is suitable for bone tissue regeneration duo to its multipotent differentiation in osteogenesis and chondrogenesis. It was found that both physical and physiological stimuli can induce the differentiation of periosteal progenitor cells. However, the combined-effect of these two stimuli is not clear. The imitation of the nature movement—the cyclic tensile strain stimulation and the multiple growth factors producing cells—adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were used as physical and physiological stimuli to investigate the differentiation of rabbit periosteal cells in this study. For this, a new membrane-type micro-system was invented to provide a simple examination platform for both factors in one single system. The specific rectangular culture chamber not only provided two different types of cells to grow separately but also delivered the single axial tensile strain generated in the micro-system to the cells. It was found that application of either physical or physiological stimuli alone was sufficient to induce the differentiation of periosteal cells. The low tensile strain (4, 5, 6 kPa) led to osteogenesis whereas high tensile strain (7 kPa) induced chondrogenesis. Even though the co-culture of ADSCs only induced osteogenic differentiation of periosteal cells, the co-culture of ADSCs to tensile strain treated periosteal cells further strengthened the osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation potent in low and high tensile strain, respectively. This study provided the pre-clinical evidence of the stem cell therapy and continuous exercise in cell level bone tissue regeneration.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Effect of Food Sensitivity on Overweight Assessed Using Food-Specific
           Serum Immunoglobulin G Levels

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Food sensitivity is considered to be implicated in obesity via chronic inflammation. Obesity has become a global epidemic, and overweight is a gateway to obesity. Hence, understanding the effect of food sensitivity on overweight is important for public health. To examine the association between food sensitivity and overweight, we compared the levels of diverse serological IgGs (total IgG, food-specific IgG [sIgG], and total food-sIgG [the sum of food-sIgG]) between overweight and lean Korean adults. A total of 164 Koreans aged 19–29 years participated in the study. We collected serum samples, information on frequency of food consumption, and height and weight measures to calculate body mass index (BMI). Immunoassays were performed using protein microarrays to determine total IgG, food-sIgG for each of the 68 food antigens, and the total food-sIgG. Participants were classified as overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) or lean (BMI < 25 kg/m2). The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to compare the decile scores of IgG values between the groups. The total IgG (P = 0.58) and total food-sIgG scores (P = 0.27) did not differ significantly between the groups, precluding chronic inflammation as the cause of overweight. However, in the overweight group, food-sIgG scores against dairy products and seafood were significantly higher (P < 0.05), whereas those against fruit and vegetables were significantly lower (P < 0.05). In overweight individuals, food-sIgG scores against milk were not associated with the actual consumption (P = 0.76), suggesting higher food-sIgG as an indicator of higher sensitivity than of higher consumption. Higher sensitivity to dairy foods and seafood and lower sensitivity to fruit and vegetables are likely associated with weight gain. Future studies are warranted to understand the heterogeneous associations between food-sIgGs and overweight.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Electrochemical Microbiosensor for Detecting COVID-19 in a Patient Sample
           Based on Gold Microcuboids Pattern

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract As continues increasing the COVID-19 infections, there is an urgent need for developing fast, simple, selective, and accurate COVID-19 biosensors. A highly uniform gold (Au) microcuboid pattern was used as a microelectrode that allowed monitoring a small analyte. The electrochemical biosensor was used to monitor the COVID-19 S protein within a concentration range from 100 to 5 pmol L−1; it showed a lower detection limit of 276 fmol L−1. Finally, the developed COVID-19 sensor was used to detect a positive sample from a human patient obtained through a nasal swab; the results were confirmed using the PCR technique. The results showed that the SWV technique showed high sensitivity towards detecting COVID-19 and good efficiency for detecting COVID-19 in a positive human sample.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Paper-Based Fluorescence Chemosensors for Metal Ion Detection in
           Biological and Environmental Samples

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The recognition and detection of metal ions present in biological and environmental samples have attracted great attention in recent years. Various analytical techniques are used to detect metal ions. Among these, the fluorescence technique is among the emerging methods because of its simplicity, selectivity, and applicability to bioimaging. Thus, this review particularly explores paper-based fluorescence chemosensors involved in metal ion detection. Significantly, the first section addresses relevant research on metal ion detection involving various techniques. In the second section, several sensing strategies such as photoinduced electron transfer, fluorescence resonance energy transfer, intramolecular charge transfer, chelation enhanced fluorescence, excited-state intramolecular proton transfer, and aggregation-induced emission for the detection of target metal ions (aluminum, copper, iron, lead, mercury, and zinc) are investigated. The third section particularly discusses the role of fluorescence sensor materials (e.g., fluorescein, rhodamine, naphthalimide, BODIPY, carbon dots, quantum dots) involved in the detection processes and their advantages and limitations. Overall, this article reviews 90 research articles on paper-based fluorescence chemosensors for metal ion detection published until 2021.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Fully Automated System for Rapid Enrichment and Precise Detection of
           Enterobacteria Using Magneto-Electrochemical Impedance Measurements

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The contamination of food and drinking water by bacteria that cause food poisoning is a critical public health issue. In general, the procedures for testing the presence of pathogenic bacteria in public is not very effective, because it is time consuming and does not facilitate real-time monitoring in a field setting. Therefore, this study introduced a fully automated platform that would allow non-experts to easily examine the major food poisoning bacteria in a field setting, from pretreatment samples to final detection. Two enterobacteria species, of four different bacteria species (i.e., Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium) were successfully immobilized on the surface of magnetic beads by exploiting the specific binding force with mannose. Subsequently, magneto-electrochemical impedance measurement technology allowed bacterial detection with a high sensitivity. E. coli, typical enterobacteria, was detected in 25 min with a detection limit of 100 CFU/mL. Moreover, we demonstrated that the automatic performance and the experimental consistency was greatly improved in comparison with those of manually conducted experiments.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Portable Au Nanoparticle-Based Colorimetric Sensor Strip for Rapid On-Site
           Detection of Cd2+ Ions in Potable Water

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Simple, rapid, and instrument-free detection of cadmium ions (Cd2+) with a portable device is essential to prevent the contamination of potable water. Herein, we propose a simple, fast, and low-cost method for the real-time/on-site detection of Cd2+ using glutathione-modified Au nanoparticles (GSH-AuNPs) deposited on a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) sensor strip. To fabricate the sensor strip, a paint composed of GSH-AuNPs and polyvinylpyrrolidone was prepared. Subsequently, the GSH-AuNP paint was deposited on a mold fixed on the PET substrate and dried in ambient air. The GSH-AuNPs deposited on the PET substrate quickly redispersed in water, turning the water red. However, the GSH-AuNPs aggregated in water samples containing Cd2+, turning the water blue. The limit of detection of this Cd2+ sensor strip is 18.8 nM, which is comparable to the maximum contamination level of 44.5 nM Cd2+ in potable water stipulated by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Finally, we demonstrate that the GSH-AuNP-based sensor strip can be used in the on-site detection of Cd2+ in real samples such as tap water.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Isolation of Antibodies Against the Spike Protein of SARS-CoV from Pig
           Serum for Competitive Immunoassay

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Several endemic corona viruses (eCoVs) have been reported to be the most common etiologic agents for the seasonal common cold and also cause pneumonia. These eCoVs share extensive sequence homology with SARS-CoV-2, and immune responses to eCoVs can cross-react with SARS-CoV-2 antigens. Based on such cross-reactivity of antigens among eCoVs, the IgG antibodies against the spike protein (SP) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) were isolated from pig serum using magnetic beads immobilized with SARS-CoV SP and a protein-A column. The selectivity of the isolated antibodies was tested using different types of antigens, such as SARS-CoV-2 nucleoprotein (NP), influenza A virus (Beijing type), influenza B virus (Tokio and Florida types), human hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg), and bovine serum albumin (BSA). From the selectivity test, the anti-SP antibodies isolated from pig serum had sufficient selectivity to other kinds of viral antigens, and the apparent binding constant of the isolated antibodies was approximately 1.5 × 10–8 M from the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) measurements. Finally, the isolated anti-SP antibodies were applied to the immunoassay of SP using competitive immunoassay configuration. The feasibility of the detection as well as the quantitative analysis of the SARS-CoV viral culture fluid was determined using four viral culture samples, namely, SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, MERS-CoV, and CoV-229E.
      PubDate: 2021-08-27
       
  • Recent Developments in 3D Printing of Droplet-Based Microfluidics

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The advent of microfluidics, especially with the integration of droplet-based systems, has led to significant innovations and outstanding applications in many fields. While this field of study has grown increasingly over the years, the conventional method of fabricating these devices has discouraged their large-scale production, making their commercialization almost impossible. This is because traditional methods of producing droplet-based microfluidics are mostly time-consuming and labor-intensive and involve multiple processes. The emergence of 3D printing has found its application in microfluidics, providing an avenue for ease of fabrication with the aim of overcoming the limitations of conventional methods. While previous studies focused on studying the role of 3D printing in microfluidics, no study has categorically focused on the application of additive manufacturing to droplet-based microfluidics. This paper reviews the various 3D printing techniques associated with droplet-based microfluidics. Furthermore, we identify the salient features, limitations, and material properties of each printing technique while providing certain projections about their future application.
      PubDate: 2021-08-09
       
  • Ultrasensitive Detection of Ovarian Cancer Biomarker Using Au Nanoplate
           SERS Immunoassay

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women. In particular, it is a high cause of mortality among women in industrialized countries. Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) has recently emerged as a serological biomarker for the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Herein, we report the ultrasensitive detection of HE4 using a gold (Au) nanoplate (NPl)-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) immunoassay, wherein a capture antibody-immobilized Au NPl acts as an immune substrate and detection antibody-immobilized Au nanoparticles (NPs) serve as immunoprobes. The presence of the target biomarker (HE4) results in the formation of a sandwich structure of Au NPls and NPs, providing strong SERS signals. The developed method allows us to detect HE4 at low concentrations of 10–17 M. The selective detection of HE4 was verified using the Au NPl SERS immunoassay. We anticipate that the current approach could be helpful for the early diagnosis of ovarian cancer and eventually applied for diverse biomarker detection.
      PubDate: 2021-08-09
       
  • A Dual Functional Conductive Hydrogel Containing
           Titania@Polypyrrole-Cyclodextrin Hybrid Nanotubes for Capture and
           Degradation of Toxic Chemical

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract In this study, dual functional conductive hydrogels containing polypyrrole (PPy) nanotubes (NTs) functionalized with beta-cyclodextrin (bCD) and titania (TiO2) were produced and applied for both detection and removal of toxic substances. PPy, a representative conducting polymer was prepared in a form of nanotube (NT) and used for providing electrical conductivity. TiO2 nanoparticles were incorporated into the inside of the PPy NTs during the formation of PPy NTs, acting as a photocatalyst. Subsequently, beta-cyclodextrin (bCD) molecules were introduced as sensing media on the surface of PPy NTs via a simple surface treatment. The resulting TiO2@PPy-bCD hybrid NTs were embedded into agarose matrix to obtain a conductive hydrogel, simultaneously improving compatibility with substrates. The electrical properties of the hydrogel were investigated, showing electrical conductivity of approximately 10−3 S/cm and ohmic I-V relation on Au electrode. The sensing capability for a model analyte compound (methyl paraben, MPRB) down to 10 nM and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) were demonstrated effectively. This study can provide important information for upcoming research activities for environmentally benign and toxic free versatile chemical sensors in diverse relevant fields.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
  • Liquid Crystal-Based Droplet Sensor for the Detection of Hg(II) Ions Using
           an Aptamer as the Recognition Element

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Herein, we report the development of a simple liquid crystal (LC)-based droplet sensor for the specific detection of mercury ions (Hg2+) in an aqueous medium, using trimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide (OTAB) and an Hg2+-binding aptamer. In terms of the mechanism, the system senses the homeotropic orientation of the LCs at the LC–aqueous interface that is induced by the self-assembled monolayer of positively charged OTAB molecules. In the absence of Hg2+, electrostatic interactions between the positively charged OTAB and negatively charged aptamer molecules disturb the organization of the OTAB monolayer, causing the LCs to adopt a planar orientation. By contrast, an aptamer hairpin structure formed in the presence of Hg2+ weakens the interactions between the OTAB and aptamer molecules, causing the OTAB monolayer to self-reassemble and the LCs to consequently adopt a homeotropic orientation. These LC orientational transitions are observable under a polarized optical microscope. This sensor had a low limit of detection of 100 and 250 pM for buffer and tap water samples, respectively. Therefore, our LC-based droplet sensor is a suitable platform for the simple, specific, and convenient detection of Hg2+ in an aqueous medium.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
  • Using Nanomaterials in Colorimetric Toxin Detection

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Exposure to toxins through contaminated food is a serious concern. For the detection of toxins in complex matrices, there are many analytical instrumentation-based methods; however, these approaches are generally expensive, laborious to perform, and require skilled technicians. Thus, they can only be utilized in centralized laboratories. To efficiently prevent the contamination by toxins and improve food safety, the use of on-site toxin detection methods enabling simple, rapid, sensitive, specific, reliable, and affordable identification of toxins is required. A colorimetric toxin detection strategy providing a naked-eye readout platform suits these requirements. Notably, the implementation of nanomaterials in the colorimetric strategy has proven to rapidly generate a higher capacity for detectable color responses owing to their unique physicochemical and catalytic properties. In this review, recent research on colorimetric toxin detection utilizing diverse nanostructures including noble metal nanoparticles and enzyme-like catalytic nanomaterials (nanozymes) is reviewed and discussed. Current challenges and future prospects for the utilization of nanomaterials in colorimetric toxin detection are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
  • Systematically Studying Dissolution Process of 3D Printed Acrylonitrile
           Butadiene Styrene (ABS) Mold for Creation of Complex and Fully Transparent
           Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Fluidic Devices

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Our major objective in this study was to create complex, three-dimensional, and fully transparent polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) fluidic device by revising the previously reported fabrication process and to systematically study the influence of each fabrication step to the final PDMS fluidic device. The current fabrication process adopted fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printers to create molds of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) for use in PDMS casting, then solvent solution was used to dissolve the ABS mold embedded inside the PDMS device and a transparent PDMS device was created for experiments. However, it is quite challenging to ensure the complete removal of ABS molds inside the long, curly, and narrow channels. Ultrasonication was added into our fabrication process to improve the efficacy of dissolving ABS molds inside the channels and conclusions can be derived from these experiments: (1) ultrasonication-assisted dissolution is an effective approach to the complete removal of ABS molds embedded inside these long, curly, and narrow channels (for example, the mixer demonstrated herein had a diameter of 2 mm and length of 162 mm); (2) the application of solvent vapor polishing to 3D-printed molds is highly effective in reducing the surface roughness of the molds (8 ~ 10 μm before polishing to 038 ~ 0.5 μm after polishing) and important to preserve the transparency of the resulting PDMS devices; (3) ensuring the circulation of fresh solvent solution is critical to shorten the dissolution process.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
  • Understanding Confounding Effects of Blood Handling Strategies on RNA
           Quality and Transcriptomic Alteration Using RNA Sequencing

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Whole blood is one of the most widely utilized human samples in biological research and is useful for analyzing the mechanisms of diverse bio-molecular phenomena. However, owing to its fluidic properties, whole blood is relatively unstable in the frozen state compared to other samples. Because RNA is structurally unstable, sample damage can severely affect RNA quality, thereby reducing its usability. This study aimed to assess the quality of RNA which was prepared from blood stored at different temperatures and times prior to freezing, as well as the effect of long-term freezing. The quality of the RNA derived from different blood samples was assessed by measuring the RNA integrity number (RIN) and RNA sequencing to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs, fold-change (FC) > 1.5, p < 0.05, false discovery rate (FDR) < 0.05) between the differently prepared RNA samples. We found that improper sample handling critically influenced both RNA quality and gene expression patterns. By suggesting the consequences, this study emphasizes the importance of sample management to obtain reliable downstream application outcomes.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
  • Organ-on-a-Chip: The Future of Therapeutic Aptamer Research'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The aptamer, known as a chemical antibody, has proven to be of high diagnostic and therapeutic value with the FDA’s first aptamer drug in 2004 and many aptamers under clinical validation. However, the clinical translation of aptamer for therapeutics has been delayed because of the limitation of using the target model during selection and a lack of information on several crucial factors, including their inherent physicochemical characterization and safety, and the function. Three-dimensional (3D) structure tissue provides proof of in-depth functionality due to their maturity and 3D complexity, enabling them to get information on the natural structure of the target for human treatment. The organ-on-a-chip integrates microfluidic technology with 3D cell culture that possesses in vivo-like tissue-based models that have been engineered for validation to transform the commercial drug discovery. Thus, the organ-on-a-chip may offer a promising solution for the addressed problems, enhancing the clinical translation procedure for aptamer-based therapeutics. Motivated by the advantageous function of the aptamer-based organ-on-a-chip system, we update the current technology to generate aptamers using SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential Enrichment) and confirm the application of aptamers to various long-term treatments. We can also accurately analyze the advantages of organ-on-a-chips and present the necessity of developing aptamer-based organ-on-a-chip systems. In this regard, the aptamer-based organ-on-a-chip is expected to increase the possibility of creating an aptamer as a therapeutic agent by more accurately selecting and verifying the aptamer that affects specific organ treatment.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 34.236.191.104
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-