Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 771 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (94 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (33 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (29 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

Showing 1 - 79 of 79 Journals sorted by number of followers
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Hydrobiology     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Limnology and Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Deep Sea Research Part I : Oceanographic Research Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Physical Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Frontiers in Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Progress in Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Marine Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Oceanography and Limnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Maritime Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fisheries Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Physical Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Oceanography : Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Limnology and Oceanography: Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ocean Yearbook Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Limnology and Oceanography Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Marine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Marine Science and Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Oceanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Operational Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Coastal Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Marinas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aquatic Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Limnology and Oceanography e-Lectures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Development and Applications of Oceanic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Regional Studies in Marine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Limnology and Oceanography: Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mediterranean Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Limnology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ocean University of China (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Scientia Marina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Technology Society Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ocean Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Aquatica : Aquatic Sciences Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Systems & Ocean Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Marine Life Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coastal Engineering Proceedings : Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research     Open Access  
Thalassas : An International Journal of Marine Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Oceans     Open Access  
Aquatic Research     Open Access  
Jurnal Kelautan Tropis     Open Access  
Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural and Marine Sciences     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências do Mar     Open Access  
Scientific Drilling     Open Access  
Jurnal Kelautan : Indonesian Journal of Marine Science and Technology     Open Access  
Oceanologia     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Costeira Integrada     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Marinas y Costeras     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research     Open Access  
China Ocean Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía     Open Access  
Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research     Open Access  
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal  
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Frontiers in Marine Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.225
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 20  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2296-7745
Published by Frontiers Media Homepage  [96 journals]
  • Valuation of marine areas for merchant shipping: an attempt at shipping
           spatial rent valuation based on Polish Marine Areas

    • Authors: Ernest Czermański, Jacek Zaucha, Aneta Oniszczuk-Jastrząbek, Joanna Pardus, Adam Kiersztyn, Dariusz Czerwiński
      Abstract: As part of the progressive process of extending spatial plans to cover an increasing number of marine areas, with the aim of objectively balancing the interests of various users of the marine area, it has become necessary to establish the value of marine areas as a yardstick or determinant of the user group for which a given marine area is of greater value. This study seeks to fill a research gap by attempting to develop a method to calculate the value of marine areas for the commercial shipping industry. This is done to make it possible in the future to prepare the ground for policy regulating the spatial rent of the sea, whose most important users are shipowners and their ships. We use the homogeneous basin of the Polish Marine Areas (PMA) in the Baltic Sea. Based on a literature review, we conclude that such a method does not exist, posing a significant challenge in the process of marine/maritime spatial planning (MSP) and maritime policy formulation. Conducting an in-depth analysis of 2020 data on ship traffic in the basin noted above, combined with a financial analysis of shipowners’ operating costs and profitability indicators, we can determine the value of marine areas both in aggregate for all shipping in the studied basin and for each of the five segments of shipping – the bulk cargo, ro-ro cargo, container, tanker, and passenger segments. In addition, through a dynamic analysis of ship traffic, it is possible to determine the value of sea area in Polish seawaters per unit of area (1 km²) at the average level and for the five specified market segments. The obtained values show that the total profits of shipowners in the Polish Marine Areas, which are at the level of more than EUR 103 million per year, and the average value of profits per 1 km² of marine area used by a ship provide future decision-makers with an objective point of reference to shape future policies for the fiscalization of public space, including the sea.
      PubDate: 2024-02-23T00:00:00Z
       
  • Enhancing antibacterial efficacy and accelerating infectious wound healing
           in rats using biogenic metal nanoparticles from marine Bacillus
           subtilis|Introduction|Methods|Results and discusion

    • Authors: Raghuveer Varma Pemmadi, Nabil Abdulhafiz Alhakamy, Hani Z. Asfour, Sabna Kotta, Mohamed A. Alfaleh, Prasad Sunnapu, Ilyas Uk, Lalitha Pottail, Akhila Chithambharan, Dhanapal Yogananthan, Samuel Thavamani B, Shilpa Valiyaparambil, Sirajudheen Mukriyan Kallungal, Muddukrishnaiah Kotakonda
      Abstract: IntroductionMicroorganisms originating from the marine environment, such as bacteria, fungi, and algae, are deliberately employed in the production of nanoparticles on account of the wide array of bioactive compounds they produce.MethodsCell-free aqueous extracts of marine Bacillus subtilis (CBPPR1) were used to synthesise AuNPs (CBPPR1AuNPs) and AgNPs (CBPPR1AgNPs). Zetasizer Nano ZS (Malvern Instruments) zeta size and zeta potential, field emission and transmission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM and HR-TEM), UV-visible (UV-Vis), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and EDAX were used to characterize biogenically synthesized nanoparticles (NPs). Their antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus were investigated. The anticancer efficacy of CBPPR1Au and AgNPs was investigated in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines (HT-29, HT-116). CBPPR1AgNPs formulation was studied in vitro and in-vivo rat models. The assessment focused on its efficacy in wound healing and antibacterial capabilities, comparing them against a commercial product. To determine the effectiveness of CBPPR1AgNPs in wound healing, a cutaneous wound model was employed, which included infection with S. aureus.Results and discusionCBPPR1Au and AgNPs significantly inhibited the growth of S aureus at MIC of 125 µg (CBPPR1AuNPs) and 62.5 µg (CBPPR1AgNPs) respectively. FE-SEM and HR-TEM observations confirmed that NPs caused bacterial cell leakage, damage, and shrinkage. Cancer cell viability was reduced upon treatment with increasing concentrations of CBPPR1Au and AgNPs, and apoptosis was increased in cells treated with CBPPR1Au and AgNPs relative to untreated cells (p < 0.001). CBPPR1Au and AgNPs showed significant cytotoxic activity against HT-29 (15.5 M) and HT-116 (62.5 M) cells. In-vivo experiments on rats showed minimal pus formation in groups CBPPR1AgNPs (62.5 µg/ml) G2, CBPPR1AgNPs (125 µg/ml) G3, and silver sulfadiazine G4, indicating the effective control of infections. CBPPR1AgNPs-treated wounds showed complete closure, whereas untreated G1 wounds remained unhealed. Histopathological analysis showed no adverse effects of CBPPR1AgNPs on kidneys and livers of rats. These findings suggest that CBPPR1AgNPs play a pivotal role in wound healing because of their potent antibacterial properties.
      PubDate: 2024-02-23T00:00:00Z
       
  • An attempt using equatorial waves to predict tropical sea surface
           temperature anomalies associated with the Atlantic zonal
           mode|Introduction|Methods|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Qingyang Song
      Abstract: IntroductionThe forecast for anomalous sea surface temperature (SST) events associated with Atlantic zonal mode, also known as Atlantic Niño/Niña, is full of challenge for both statistical and dynamical prediction models. MethodsThis study combines SST, wind and equatorial wave signal to construct a linear model, aiming to evaluate the potential of equatorial waves in extending the lead time of a skilful prediction for Atlantic Niño/Niña events. Wave-induced geopotential simulated by linear ocean models and potential energy flux calculated using a group-velocity-based wave energy flux scheme are involved to capture the signal of equatorial waves in the model establishment. ResultsThe constructed linear prediction model has demonstrated comparable prediction skill for the SST anomaly to the dynamical models of the North American Multimodel Ensemble (NMME) during the test period (1992-2016). Compared with the statistical forecast using SST persistence, the model notably improves the six-month-lead prediction (Anomaly correlation coefficient increases from 0.07 to 0.28), which owes to the conservation of wave energy in the narrow Atlantic basin that the Rossby waves reflected in the eastern boundary will transfer the energy back to the central equatorial basin and again affect the SST there. ConclusionThis study offers a streamlined model and a straightforward demonstration of leveraging wave energy transfer route for the prediction of Atlantic Niño/Niñas.
      PubDate: 2024-02-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • Improved capabilities of global ocean reanalyses for analysing sea level
           variability near the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico Coastal U.S.

    • Authors: Xue Feng, Matthew J. Widlansky, Magdalena A. Balmaseda, Hao Zuo, Claire M. Spillman, Grant Smith, Xiaoyu Long, Philip Thompson, Arun Kumar, Gregory Dusek, William Sweet
      Abstract: Realistic representation of monthly sea level anomalies in coastal regions has been a challenge for global ocean reanalyses. This is especially the case in coastal regions where sea levels are influenced by western boundary currents such as near the U.S. Atlantic Coast and the Gulf of Mexico. For these regions, most ocean reanalyses compare poorly to observations. Problems in reanalyses include errors in data assimilation and horizontal resolutions that are too coarse to simulate energetic currents like the Gulf Stream and Loop Current System. However, model capabilities are advancing with improved data assimilation and higher resolution. Here, we show that some current-generation ocean reanalyses produce monthly sea level anomalies with improved skill when compared to satellite altimetry observations of sea surface heights. Using tide gauge observations for coastal verification, we find the highest skill associated with the GLORYS12 and HYCOM ocean reanalyses. Both systems assimilate altimetry observations and have eddy-resolving horizontal resolutions (1/12°). We found less skill in three other ocean reanalyses (ACCESS-S2, ORAS5, and ORAP6) with coarser, though still eddy-permitting, resolutions (1/4°). The operational reanalysis from ECMWF (ORAS5) and their pilot reanalysis (ORAP6) provide an interesting comparison because the latter assimilates altimetry globally and with more weight, as well as assimilating ocean observations over continental shelves. We find these attributes associated with improved skill near many tide gauges. We also assessed an older reanalysis (CFSR), which has the lowest skill likely due to its lower resolution (1/2°) and lack of altimetry assimilation. ACCESS-S2 likewise does not assimilate altimetry, although its skill is much better than CFSR and only somewhat lower than ORAS5. Since coastal flooding is influenced by sea level anomalies, the recent development of skilful ocean reanalyses on monthly timescales may be useful for better understanding the physical processes associated with flood risks.
      PubDate: 2024-02-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • Primary ecological succession of marine communities on the Tajogaite lava
           flows (La Palma, Canary Islands), fishes colonize faster than
           macroinvertebrates and algae

    • Authors: Carlos Sangil, Daniel Álvarez-Canali, Javier Reyes, Julián Rodríguez, Marta Sansón
      Abstract: We studied the primary succession of benthic communities in the lava flows of the Tajogaite volcano at 2, 4.5, and 7 months after the eruption ended. The lava from the Tajogaite created several lava flows and sterile rocky reefs that were monitored in both intertidal and subtidal areas up to 20 m depth. Sampling included macroinvertebrates and algae in the intertidal, and fishes, macroinvertebrates, and algae in the subtidal. A control zone was selected to compare the early colonisation of lava flows with that of a mature ecosystem. Colonisation of the lava flow was swift, with numerous species arriving and proliferating soon after the eruption ended. After 7 months, the total number of species recorded in the lava flows was 70, representing 64% of those found in the control zone. thus, communities were gradually becoming increasingly complex owing to the continuous incorporation of species. The number of fishes, and macroinvertebrates in both the intertidal and subtidal, lava flows increased progressively, approaching the values of the control zone. However, algae, in terms of total cover, presented values similar to the control zone from the beginning of the monitoring. All the communities have followed the same trajectory to converge towards communities like those in the control zone, although the rate at which they have changed with time differs. After seven months, differences in fishes between lava flows and the control zone were small, but they were still large with respect to macroinvertebrates and algae. Thus, according to each community of organisms, the benthic ecosystem of the lava flows was found at different stages of succession.
      PubDate: 2024-02-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • In vitro immunomodulation activity of protein hydrolysate from spirulina
           (Arthrospira platensis): the ingredient of future foods

    • Authors: Nang Yee Mon Htoo, Oranit Kraseasintra, Wararut Buncharoen, Thida Kaewkod, Jeeraporn Pekkoh, Yingmanee Tragoolpua, Kuan Shiong Khoo, Supakit Chaipoot, Sirasit Srinuanpan, Chayakorn Pumas
      Abstract: Microalgae, especially spirulina, have been globally used as a food supplement due to their rich protein content, safety for human consumption, and provision of enhanced immunomodulatory capabilities. There are, however, few reports that have investigated the immunomodulatory properties of spirulina protein hydrolysate. Consequently, this study aims to optimize the best extraction techniques for spirulina protein hydrolysate and characterize its antioxidant activities and immunomodulation properties in vitro. The results indicated that protein hydrolysate with Flavourzyme and alkaline extraction after ultrasonication and pre-enzymatic assistant with cellulase exhibited superior antioxidant properties compared to other methods. Additionally, all the protein extracts demonstrated a dose-dependent inhibition of nitric oxide production without significantly impacting cell viability. Furthermore, in vitro immunomodulatory properties were evaluated using Candida albicans (DMST 5815) as the test pathogen, with phagocytic activity and index measurements conducted. Notably, the results correlated with the previous assessments, wherein the protein hydrolysate with Flavourzyme displayed the highest phagocytic percentage, measuring 52.3% at a concentration of 10 mg/mL. These findings suggest that enzymatically derived protein hydrolysates from spirulina could serve as a potential source for enhancing immunostimulant activity. Thus, they hold promise as natural bioactive ingredients for therapeutic purposes and the development of functional foods.
      PubDate: 2024-02-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • The host range and distribution pattern of rhizocephalan parasitic
           barnacles in Korean coasts and their relationship with geographical
           factors|Introduction|Methods|Results|Discussion

    • Authors: Jibom Jung
      Abstract: IntroductionThis study undertakes a detailed examination of the host range and distribution patterns of Rhizocephala, a group of specialized parasitic barnacles, within Korean marine environments. It aims to expand the understanding of their biodiversity and ecological impact.MethodsEmploying both morphological observation and mitochondrial DNA sequencing, the study identifies the variety of rhizocephalan species infecting decapod hosts in Korean waters, aiming to document their diversity and distribution.ResultsThe investigation identifies 26 rhizocephalan species parasitizing 28 decapod hosts, including the discovery of three new parasite-host relationships not previously reported. It was observed that while a few rhizocephalan species infect multiple hosts, most have a narrow host range. Additionally, the study maps out regional differences in Rhizocephala diversity across three Korean marine ecoregions, noting the highest diversity in the warmer East China Sea ecoregion and lower diversity in the colder Yellow Sea and East Sea ecoregions.DiscussionThe findings underscore the necessity for continued taxonomic research on Rhizocephala and their host species to better understand and manage these parasites, which hold significant ecological and economic importance. The study suggests that geographical variations in host-parasite relationships are influenced by regional climatic conditions, particularly winter water temperatures.
      PubDate: 2024-02-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • Acoustic tomographic inversion of 3D temperature fields with mesoscale
           anomaly in the South China Sea

    • Authors: Chuanzheng Zhang, Ze-Nan Zhu, Cong Xiao, Xiao-Hua Zhu, Zhao-Jun Liu
      Abstract: Acoustic tomographic inversion is based on travel times measured along the transmission paths between all station pairs to reconstruct three-dimensional temperature structures with mesoscale anomalies. In this study, tomographic simulation experiments were designed based on the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) reanalysis data to reconstruct mesoscale phenomena from travel time data obtained from five, seven, and nine stations in the South China Sea over a domain of 100 × 100 km. The travel times for each station pair were calculated in the vertical section using the Bellhop acoustic ray simulation method. Six Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) modes of sound speed along the sound transmission paths in a vertical slice were used to formulate the inversion equations. The horizontal-slice distributions of temperature in the tomography domain were reconstructed using the grid-segmented method for each depth layer. For station-to-station distances greater than 100 km, the performance of inversion was best for the seven-station case rather than for the nine-station case, with the highest horizontal resolution of the three cases. This case study concluded that the seven-station case rather than the nine-station case provided an optimal station number for reconstructing the three-dimensional temperature fields.
      PubDate: 2024-02-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • Revisiting the multidecadal variability of North Atlantic Ocean
           circulation and climate

    • Authors: Alexey Mishonov, Dan Seidov, James Reagan
      Abstract: The World Ocean’s surface, particularly in the North Atlantic, has been heating up for decades. There was concern that the thermohaline circulation and essential climate variables, such as the temperature and salinity of seawater, could undergo substantial changes in response to this surface warming. The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) has changed noticeably over the last centennial and possibly slowed down in recent decades. Therefore, concerns about the future of the North Atlantic Ocean climate are warranted. The key to understanding the North Atlantic current climate trajectory is to identify how the decadal climate responds to ongoing surface warming. This issue is addressed using in-situ data from the World Ocean Atlas covering 1955-1964 to 2005-2017 and from the SODA reanalysis project for the most recent decades of 1980-2019 as fingerprints of the North Atlantic three-dimensional circulation and AMOC’s dynamics. It is shown that although the entire North Atlantic is systematically warming, the climate trajectories in different sub-regions of the North Atlantic reveal radically different characteristics of regional decadal variability. There is also a slowdown of the thermohaline geostrophic circulation everywhere in the North Atlantic during the most recent decade. The warming trends in the subpolar North Atlantic lag behind the subtropical gyre and Nordic Seas warming by at least a decade. The climate and circulation in the North Atlantic remained robust from 1955-1994, with the last two decades (1995-2017) marked by a noticeable reduction in AMOC strength, which may be closely linked to changes in the geometry and strength of the Gulf Stream system.
      PubDate: 2024-02-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • Spatial distribution and diversity of the heterotrophic flagellates in the
           Cosmonaut Sea, Antarctic

    • Authors: Zhiyi Chen, Hongyuan Zheng, Yuan Gao, Musheng Lan, Guangfu Luo, Zhibo Lu, Jianfeng He
      Abstract: As predators of bacteria and viruses and as food sources for microzooplankton, heterotrophic flagellates (HFs) play an important role in the marine micro-food web. Based on the global climate change’s impact on marine ecosystems, particularly sea ice melting, we analyzed the community composition and diversity of heterotrophic flagellates, focusing on the Antarctic Cosmonaut Sea. During the 36th China Antarctic research expedition (2019-2020), we collected seawater samples, subsequently analyzing HFs through IlluminaMiSeq2000 sequencing to assess community composition and diversity. Notable variations in HFs abundance were observed between the western and eastern sectors of the Cosmonaut Sea, with a distinct concentration at a 100-meter water depth. Different zones exhibited diverse indicators and dominants taxa influenced by local ocean currents. Both the northern Antarctic Peninsula and the western Cosmonaut Sea, where the Weddell Eddy and Antarctic Land Slope Current intersect, showcased marine stramenopiles as dominant HFs species. Our findings offer insights into dominant taxa, spatial distribution patterns among heterotrophic flagellates, correlations between taxa distribution and environmental factors, and the exploration of potential indicator taxa.
      PubDate: 2024-02-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • The importance of the soluble and colloidal pools for trace metal cycling
           in deep-sea pore waters

    • Authors: Sophie A. L. Paul, Katja Schmidt, Eric P. Achterberg, Andrea Koschinsky
      Abstract: Physical and chemical trace metal speciation are important for our understanding of metal cycling and potential toxicity to marine life. Trace metals can behave differently in diffusion processes or particle-solution interactions and have different bioavailabilities depending on their physical and chemical forms, which often depend on redox conditions. Here we investigated dissolved (< 0.2 µm) and soluble (< 0.02 µm) concentrations of Mn, Co, Ni, Fe, Cu, V, Mo, U, Cd, and As in oxic and suboxic deep-sea sediments of the central equatorial Pacific Ocean. Vanadium, Mo, U, As, and Cd showed no significant concentration differences between their dissolved and soluble forms, suggesting that they are present as inorganic ionic species or organic complexes in the truly dissolved or small colloidal fraction. In contrast, the colloidal fraction (> 0.02 µm < 0.2 µm) of Mn, Co, Ni, and Cu increased with depth in oxic pore waters and Fe had the largest but variable colloidal pool. Soluble Mn, Co, and Ni were released in the uppermost 2-4 cm in the sediment because of reductive dissolution. The increasing colloidal fraction with depth suggests a decrease in the concentration of small organic ligands with depth, that are abundant in the surface sediment pore waters, and instead an increasing importance of larger (> 0.02 µm) inorganic nanoparticles and colloids such as Mn and Fe (oxyhydr)oxides that control Mn, Fe, and Co cycling at depths> 10 cm. The distribution of Ni and Cu cannot be exclusively explained by inorganic nanoparticles and a shift from low to larger high molecular weight organic ligands might occur. These findings provide new insights into trace metal distributions in the dissolved phase, highlighting the diversity of metal complexes and the need to incorporate these in future calculations of benthic metal fluxes and ecotoxicity assessments, especially in oxic pore waters.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Prediction of the shear wave speed of seafloor sediments in the northern
           South China Sea based on an XGBoost algorithm

    • Authors: Wenjing Meng, Xiangmei Meng, Jingqiang Wang, Guanbao Li, Baohua Liu, Guangming Kan, Junjie Lu, Lihong Zhao, Pengyao Zhi
      Abstract: Based on data on the shear wave speed and physical properties of the shallow sediment samples collected in the northwest South China Sea, the hyperparameter selection and contribution of the characteristic factors of the machine learning model for predicting the shear wave speed of seafloor sediments were studied using the eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) algorithm. An XGBoost model for predicting the shear wave speed of seafloor sediments was established based on four physical parameters of the sediments: porosity (n), water content (w), density (ρ), and average grain size (MZ). The result reveals that: (1) The shear wave speed has a good correlation with n, w, ρ, and MZ, and their Pearson correlation coefficients are all above 0.75, indicating that they can be used as the suitable characteristic parameters for predicting the shear wave speed based on the XGBoost model; (2) When the number of weak learners (n_estimators) is 115 and the maximum depth of the tree (max_depth) is 6, the XGBoost model has a very high goodness of fit (R2) of the validation data of 0.914, the very low mean absolute error (MAE) and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) of the predicted shear wave speed are 3.366 m/s and 9.90%, respectively; (3) Compared with grain-shearing (GS) model and single- and dual-parameter regression equation prediction models, the XGBoost model for the shear wave speed of seafloor sediments has higher fitting goodness and lower prediction error.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Production and fluxes of inorganic carbon and alkalinity in a subarctic
           subterranean estuary

    • Authors: Gwénaëlle Chaillou, Gwendoline Tommi-Morin, Alfonso Mucci
      Abstract: In this study, we focus on the biogeochemical processes that produce both dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA) along a subarctic subterranean estuary (STE) located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence (Magdalen Island, Qc, Canada) in order to evaluate the DIC and TA fluxes as well as the buffering capacity of the exported groundwater to coastal waters. DIC and TA do not behave conservatively during mixing along the groundwater flow path and this implies the occurrence of internal redox reactions that control both their production and consumption. In addition, we show that the origin and composition of the organic carbon within the system alter the carbonate parameters by generating low pH conditions (5.9 - 7.2) and contributing to non-carbonate alkalinity (NCA) that accounts for more than 30% of TA. Whereas iron cycling plays a key role in the production of DIC in the fresh and low-salinity groundwaters, the precipitation of sulfide minerals neutralize the acidity produced by the metabolically produced CO2, in the saline groundwater where sulfate is available. The STE pCO2, computed from the DIC-pHNBS pair ranged from a few ppm to 16000 ppm that results in a CO2 evasion rate of up to 310 mol m−2d−1 to the atmosphere. Based on Darcy flow and the mean concentrations of DIC and carbonate alkalinity (Ac = TA - NCA) in the discharge zone, fluxes derived from submarine groundwater discharge were estimated at 1.43 and 0.70 mol m−2d−1 for DIC and Ac, respectively. Despite a major part of the metabolic CO2 being lost along the groundwater flow path, the SGD-derived DIC flux was still greater than the Ac flux, implying that groundwater discharge reduces the buffering capacity of the receiving coastal waters. This site-specific scale study demonstrates the importance of diagenetic reactions and organic matter remineralization processes on carbonate system parameters in STE. Our results highlight that subarctic STEs could be hot spots of CO2 evasion and a source of acidification to coastal waters that should be considered in carbon budgets.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • OPO-CVI: design and implementation of an ocean profiling observation
           system for wave-powered vertical profiler following an ISO standard

    • Authors: Sining Jiang, Zhongwen Guo, Hailei Zhao, Ziyuan Cui, Weigang Wang
      Abstract: This paper presents the design and implementation of an ISO-compliant ocean profiling observation system for wave-powered vertical profiler. This system aims to provide a comprehensive, scalable, and interoperable solution for high-resolution, real-time oceanic observation. As a part of this system, we introduce a wave-powered vertical profiler, known as “Wave Master,” designed to offer enhanced stability and reliability for long-term oceanic data collection. The core of the paper focuses on the Ocean Profiling Observation Complex Virtual Instrument (OPO-CVI), a comprehensive system developed in alignment with ISO 21851 standard. OPO-CVI seamlessly integrates data collection, transmission, storage, and visualization. Specifically, OPO-CVI addresses the challenges of information isolation, system rigidity, and lack of modularity in traditional ocean profiling methods by standardizing data formats and transmission protocols, allowing for seamless integration of new observation elements, and employing a modular architecture for enhanced scalability and reusability. By offering detailed technical insights into the OPO-CVI architecture and its compliance with ISO 21851 standard, this paper aims to contribute significantly to the advancement of standardized, efficient, and reliable oceanic observation systems.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • CLOINet: ocean state reconstructions through remote-sensing, in-situ
           sparse observations and deep learning

    • Authors: Eugenio Cutolo, Ananda Pascual, Simon Ruiz, Nikolaos D. Zarokanellos, Ronan Fablet
      Abstract: Combining remote-sensing data with in-situ observations to achieve a comprehensive 3D reconstruction of the ocean state presents significant challenges for traditional interpolation techniques. To address this, we developed the CLuster Optimal Interpolation Neural Network (CLOINet), which combines the robust mathematical framework of the Optimal Interpolation (OI) scheme with a self-supervised clustering approach. CLOINet efficiently segments remote sensing images into clusters to reveal non-local correlations, thereby enhancing fine-scale oceanic reconstructions. We trained our network using outputs from an Ocean General Circulation Model (OGCM), which also facilitated various testing scenarios. Our Observing System Simulation Experiments aimed to reconstruct deep salinity fields using Sea Surface Temperature (SST) or Sea Surface Height (SSH), alongside sparse in-situ salinity observations. The results showcased a significant reduction in reconstruction error up to 40% and the ability to resolve scales 50% smaller compared to baseline OI techniques. Remarkably, even though CLOINet was trained exclusively on simulated data, it accurately reconstructed an unseen SST field using only glider temperature observations and satellite chlorophyll concentration data. This demonstrates how deep learning networks like CLOINet can potentially lead the integration of modeling and observational efforts in developing an ocean digital twin.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Engineering design and economic analysis of offshore seaweed farm

    • Authors: Yushun Lian, Samuel Obeng Boamah, Zhenghu Pan, Jinhai Zheng, Wenxing Chen, Gang Ma, Solomon C. Yim
      Abstract: As global demand for sustainable biomass and need to mitigate global warming begin to rise, cultivation of seaweed has gained significant attention in recent years due to its potential for carbon recycling. However, limited availability of suitable coastal areas for large-scale seaweed cultivation has led to exploration of offshore environments as a viable alternative. The nature of many offshore environments often exposes seaweed farming systems to harsh environmental conditions, including strong waves, currents, and wind. These factors can lead to structural failures, kelp losses, and significant financial losses for seaweed farmers. The main objective of this study is to present a robust design and numerical analysis of an economically viable floating offshore kelp farm facility, and evaluate its stability and mooring system performance. A numerical method of preliminary designs of the offshore aquaculture systems were developed using the OrcaFlex software. The models were subjected to a series of dynamic environmental loading scenarios representing extreme events. These simulations aimed to forecast the overall dynamic response of an offshore kelp farm at a depth of 50m and to determine the best possible farm design with structural integrity for a selected offshore environment. Furthermore, to assess the economic feasibility of establishing offshore seaweed farms, a comprehensive capital expenses analysis was conducted. The results revealed that, in terms of the kelp farms with the same number of the kelp cultivating lines, the cost of building kelp farms will be strongly affected by the cost of mooring lines. The present study may help to understand the dynamic response and economic feasibility of offshore kelp farms.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • HyFish: hydrological factor fusion for prediction of fishing effort
           distribution with VMS dataset

    • Authors: Yuqi Shi, Feng Hong, Zhongning Zhao, Yufei Jiang, Shutian Zhou, Haiguang Huang
      Abstract: Predicting fishing effort distribution is crucial for guiding fisheries management in developing effective strategies and protecting marine ecosystems. This task requires a deep understanding of how various hydrological factors, such as water temperature, surface height, salinity, and currents influence fishing activities. However, there are significant challenges in designing the prediction model. Firstly, how hydrological factors affect fishing effort distributions remains unquantified. Secondly, the prediction model must effectively integrate the spatial and temporal dynamics of fishing behaviors, a task that shows analytical difficulties. In this study, we first quantify the correlation between hydrological factor fields and fishing effort distributions through spatiotemporal analysis. Building on the insights from this analysis, we develop a deep-learning model designed to forecast the daily distribution of fishing effort for the upcoming week. The proposed model incorporates residual networks to extract features from both the fishing effort distribution and the hydrological factor fields, thus addressing the spatial limits of fishing activity. It also employs Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks to manage the temporal dynamics of fishing activity. Furthermore, an attention mechanism is included to capture the importance of various hydrological factors. We apply the approach to the VMS dataset from 1,899 trawling fishing vessels in the East China Sea from September 2015 to May 2017. The dataset from September 2015 to May 2016 is used for correlation analysis and training the prediction model, while the dataset from September 2016 to May 2017 is employed to evaluate the prediction accuracy. The prediction error ratio for each day of the upcoming week range is only 5.6% across all weeks from September 2016 to May 2017. HyFish, notable for its low prediction error ratio, will serve as a versatile tool in fisheries management for developing sustainable practices and in fisheries research for providing quantitative insights into fishing resource dynamics and assessing ecological risks related to fishing activities.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Iodide, iodate & dissolved organic iodine in the temperate coastal
           ocean

    • Authors: Matthew R. Jones, Rosie Chance, Thomas Bell, Oban Jones, David C. Loades, Rebecca May, Liselotte Tinel, Katherine Weddell, Claire Widdicombe, Lucy J. Carpenter
      Abstract: The surface ocean is the main source of iodine to the atmosphere, where it plays a crucial role including in the catalytic removal of tropospheric ozone. The availability of surface oceanic iodine is governed by its biogeochemical cycling, the controls of which are poorly constrained. Here we show a near two-year time series of the primary iodine species, iodide, iodate and dissolved organic iodine (
      DOI ) in inner shelf marine surface waters of the Western English Channel (UK). The median ± standard deviation concentrations between November 2019 and September 2021 (n=76) were: iodide 88 ± 17 nM (range 61-149 nM), iodate 293 ± 28 nM (198-382 nM),
      DOI 16 ± 16 nM (
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Biodegradation of polypropylene by filter-feeding marine scallop
           Mizuhopecten yessoensis: infrared spectroscopy evidence

    • Authors: Viktor Pavlovich Chelomin, Aleksandra Anatolyevna Istomina, Andrey Alexandrovich Mazur, Avianna Fayazovna Zhukovskaya
      Abstract: The problem of environmental pollution by plastics is global in nature and needs to be addressed as soon as possible. Realization of the importance of this problem contributed to the study of degradation and biodegradation of synthetic polymers. It turned out that the driving force of plastic fragmentation along with abiotic factors can be biotic. Based on the above, we investigated the in vitro biodegradation of polypropylene (PP) fragments in digestive gland homogenates and crystalline styles of the bivalve mollusk Mizuhopecten yessoensis. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed changes in the chemical composition of functional groups on the plastic surface. Enzyme complexes of crystalline styles enhanced the biodegradation of PP fragments to a larger extent than did digestive glands. The results obtained using M. yessoensis as an example suggest that marine phytophagous filter-feeding invertebrates may accelerate the biodegradation of synthetic polymers. The study provides a basis for rethinking the nature of relationships between marine invertebrates and microplastic polluting the marine environment.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Research on the impact mechanism of scientific and technological
           innovation on the high-quality development of the marine economy

    • Authors: Min Feng, Hongjun Guan, Yichuan Wang, Yilin Liu
      Abstract: Promoting the high-quality development of the marine economy is an inevitable choice for building a maritime power, and technological innovation can provide strong impetus for the high-quality development of the marine economy. Therefore, it is urgent to clarify the impact mechanism of technological innovation on the high-quality development of the marine economy, and promote the high-quality development of the marine economy. This study employs panel data from 11 coastal provinces and municipalities (autonomous regions) in China, spanning the years 2006 to 2020. The objective is to empirically evaluate the mechanism through which scientific and technical innovation impacts the high-quality development of the marine economy. This is achieved by utilizing the PVAR model and the mediation effect model. The research findings indicate that there is a noteworthy impact of enhancing scientific and technological innovation on the marine economy of China. Moreover, there exists a significant reciprocal relationship between scientific and technological innovation and the pursuit of high-quality development in the marine economy. It is observed that scientific and technological innovation not only has a positive influence on the high-quality development of the marine economy by enhancing green total factor productivity and optimizing the industrial structure, but it also facilitates the advancement of the marine economy through the chain mediation path of “improving green total factor productivity and optimizing industrial structure”.
      PubDate: 2024-02-21T00:00:00Z
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.236.223.106
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-
JournalTOCs
 
 
  Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 771 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (94 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (33 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (29 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

Showing 1 - 79 of 79 Journals sorted by number of followers
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Hydrobiology     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Limnology and Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Deep Sea Research Part I : Oceanographic Research Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Physical Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Frontiers in Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Progress in Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Marine Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Oceanography and Limnology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Maritime Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fisheries Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Physical Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Oceanography : Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Limnology and Oceanography: Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ocean Yearbook Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Limnology and Oceanography Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Marine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Marine Science and Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Oceanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Operational Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Coastal Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Marinas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aquatic Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Limnology and Oceanography e-Lectures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Development and Applications of Oceanic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Regional Studies in Marine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Limnology and Oceanography: Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mediterranean Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Limnology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ocean University of China (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Scientia Marina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Technology Society Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ocean Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Aquatica : Aquatic Sciences Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marine Systems & Ocean Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Marine Life Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coastal Engineering Proceedings : Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research     Open Access  
Thalassas : An International Journal of Marine Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Oceans     Open Access  
Aquatic Research     Open Access  
Jurnal Kelautan Tropis     Open Access  
Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural and Marine Sciences     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências do Mar     Open Access  
Scientific Drilling     Open Access  
Jurnal Kelautan : Indonesian Journal of Marine Science and Technology     Open Access  
Oceanologia     Open Access  
Revista de Gestão Costeira Integrada     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Marinas y Costeras     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research     Open Access  
China Ocean Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía     Open Access  
Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research     Open Access  
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal  
Similar Journals
Similar Journals
HOME > Browse the 73 Subjects covered by JournalTOCs  
SubjectTotal Journals
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.236.223.106
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-