Subjects -> PHYSICS (Total: 857 journals)
    - ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (10 journals)
    - MECHANICS (22 journals)
    - NUCLEAR PHYSICS (53 journals)
    - OPTICS (92 journals)
    - PHYSICS (625 journals)
    - SOUND (25 journals)
    - THERMODYNAMICS (30 journals)

OPTICS (92 journals)

Showing 1 - 89 of 89 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Optical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Photonics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Photonics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Optics and Photonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Vision Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Applied Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Optics Express     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Photonics     Open Access  
Chinese Optics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
EPJ Photovoltaics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Hybrid Imaging     Open Access  
Fiber and Integrated Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Power Laser Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hindsight : The Journal of Optometry History     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Photonics Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Optics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Optoelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sustainable Lighting     Open Access  
Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Laser Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Advances in the Clinical Lab     Open Access  
Journal of Modern Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nonlinear Optical Physics & Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Optical Microsystem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Optical Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Optics Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Photonics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Photonics for Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of the Optical Society of America A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Optical Society of America B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Laser & Photonics Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Laser Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Lasers in Medical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
LEUKOS : The Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society     Hybrid Journal  
Materials Today Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Microwave and Optical Technology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Nature Photonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Optica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Optical and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Optical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Optical Fiber Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Optical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Optical Materials : X     Open Access  
Optical Materials Express     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Optical Memory and Neural Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Optical Nanoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Optical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Optics & Laser Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Optics and Lasers in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Optics and Photonics Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Optics and Photonics Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Optics and Photonics News     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Optics and Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Optics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Optics Express     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Optics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Optik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Optik & Photonik     Open Access  
Optoelectronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Photonic Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Photonics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Photonics Letters of Poland     Open Access  
Photonics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PhotonicsViews     Hybrid Journal  
Progress in Optics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Results in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Thin Solid Films     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Trends in Opto-Electro & Optical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Lasers in Medical Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.713
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1435-604X - ISSN (Online) 0268-8921
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Prospective comparison study of a 550 picosecond 755 nm laser vs a 50 ns
           755 nm laser in the treatment of nevus of Ota

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      Abstract: Abstract Since the introduction of selective photothermolysis, Q-switched nanosecond lasers have been used for the treatment of dermal pigmented lesions. Over the past several years, picosecond lasers have been introduced to the cosmetic community. We recently performed a study comparing a 550 picosecond 755 nm laser versus a 50 ns 755 nm laser, with the purpose of evaluating the clinical efficacy and complications of each laser when treating nevus of Ota. Ten Asian patients with nevus of Ota were enrolled in the study. Each lesion was split into 2 parts, and patients were treated with a 755 nm picosecond laser (PSL) and a 755 nm nanosecond laser (NSL). The clinical endpoint for fluence choice was immediate whitening (PSL: 2.33 ~ 3.36 J/cm2, NSL: 5.5 ~ 7 J/cm2) of the treated area. The pulse duration was fixed at 550 picoseconds (PSL) and 50 ns (NSL). The spot size of each laser was 2.5–3 mm. Laser treatments were performed until excellent clinical improvement was observed. Patients were examined 1 week after the first treatment, at each follow-up visit, and 6 months after the last laser treatment. The average number of treatment sessions to achieve excellent clinical improvement was 4.2 treatments using PSL and 5.4 treatments using NSL. One case of hyperpigmentation and one case of hypopigmentation were observed in the NSL treatment group. There were no complications in the PSL treatment group. The 755 nm 550 picosecond laser is significantly more effective than the 755 nm 50 ns laser in the treatment of nevus of Ota. The PSL treatment group also had minimum side effects.
      PubDate: 2023-01-26
       
  • Bothrops atrox mice experimental envenoming treatment using light-emitting
           diode (led) as an adjunct therapy to conventional serum therapy

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      Abstract: Abstract The use of anti-venom is one of the main control measures for snakebite envenoming when applied immediately after the snakebite. Systemic effects of the envenoming are usually reversed; however, neutralization of local effects is hardly achieved. The need for adjuvant therapies associated with serum therapy can improve the treatment for local effects of envenoming, with greater effectiveness in preventing or delaying the progression of damage, reducing the clinical signs and symptoms of victims of snakebites. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the photobiomodulation therapy using LED and/or dexamethasone associated with conventional serum therapy for the treatment of local damage caused by Bothrops atrox envenomation in a murine model. For this, experimental envenoming was carried out in the gastrocnemius muscle of male Swiss mice weighing 18 to 22 g divided into 8 groups of animals, distributed in groups non-treat, treated with anti-bothropic serum, dexamethasone, and LED, or the associated treatments, by intramuscular inoculation of 50 µg of venom or sterile PBS (control). After 30 min, the proposed treatments were administered alone or in combination. After 3 h, blood and muscle samples were collected for myotoxicity, cytotoxicity, histological analysis, and IL-1β assays. The evaluation of the treatment alone showed that serum therapy is not effective for the treatment of local damage and photobiomodulation demonstrated to be an effective therapy to reduce leukocyte infiltration, hemorrhage, and myotoxicity in experimental envenoming; dexamethasone proved to be a good resource for the treatment of the inflammatory process reducing the leukocyte infiltration. The association of serum therapy, LED, and dexamethasone was the best treatment to reduce the local effects caused by Bothrops atrox venom. All in all, the association of photobiomodulation therapy using LED with conventional serum therapy and the anti-inflammatory drug is the best treatment for reducing the undesirable local effects caused by snakebite accidents involving B. atrox species.
      PubDate: 2023-01-25
       
  • Hemorrhoid laser dearterialization: systematic review and meta-analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract Hemorrhoidal disease is a common and troublesome condition. Excisional hemorrhoidectomy can assure the best chance of cure but it is hampered by postoperative pain and potential long-term morbidity therefore minimally invasive techniques have been developed. Since 2009 a doppler-guided hemorrhoidal dearterialization with laser (the hemorrhoidal laser procedure; HeLP) has been proposed to control symptoms without significant sequelae. The aim of this systematic review is to analyze the benefits and disadvantages of HeLP for symptomatic hemorrhoids. The Medline/PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases were searched from January 2010 to March 2022, language was restricted to English and documents to the full text. Randomized and non-randomized, prospective and retrospective cohort studies were included. Risk of bias assessment was performed using the Risk of bias for non-randomized studies (ROBINS-I) and the RoB2 Tool for randomized clinical trial. Primary outcome was to assess the efficacy of HeLP on symptoms’ resolution. Secondary objectives were postoperative pain and complications, comparison with other interventional techniques, and evaluation of long-term recurrence. Whenever possible, a meta-analysis was conducted. The GRADE approach was employed to assess the certainty of evidence. We included six non-randomized and one randomized study. HeLP improved or resolved preoperative symptoms in 83.6 to 100% of patients during follow-up. In the randomized study symptoms resolved in 90% of patients after HeLP and 53.3% after rubber band ligation as comparator. Published data indicate that HeLP is effective, relatively safe, with limited recurrence rate, after a short to medium follow-up. The quality of evidence was however low. There is a paucity of studies assessing the benefits or harms of laser dearterialization for the treatment of hemorrhoids and randomized trials are furthermore rare, therefore trials with adequate power and proper design, assessing the advantages and disadvantages of HeLP versus other minimally invasive techniques, are needed. Furthermore, studies evaluating long-term follow-up are wanted.
      PubDate: 2023-01-25
       
  • Effect of low-level laser stimulation of acupuncture points in pediatric
           dentistry: a systematic review

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      Abstract: Abstract The biomodulatory potential of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has prompted investigations of different outcomes in health. One line of research is the stimulation of acupuncture points for the relief of different signs and symptoms related to the stomatognathic system. In dentistry, some studies in pediatric dentistry have demonstrated the benefit of LLLT therapies in the management of dental anxiety in children. This systematic review aimed to analyze previous clinical studies on the application of LLLT at acupoints among pediatric dental patients. This systematic review was conducted according to the Cochrane Collaboration guidelines and the population, intervention, comparison, and outcome strategy. A broad literature search up to June 17, 2022, was performed using four electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar). The risk of bias in randomized clinical trials was assessed using the RoB 2 tool. A total of four studies using LLLT for photobiomodulation were included (n = 4). The most common wavelengths used were in the infrared range (variation between 716 nm and 980 nm). There were little variations in the application time (14 s to 1 min) and exposure dose (1 to 5 joules). LLLT acted positively on different acupuncture points. LLLT provided various benefits and optimized dental practice by reducing the gag reflex during radiography and impression taking, preanesthetic pain, and symptoms of sleep bruxism in the pediatric dental population. Only one of the evaluated studies had a high risk of bias. The LLLT at acupuncture points is associated with positive results on sleep bruxism, preanesthetic pain, and gag reflex in pediatric dentistry. Future research studies should prioritize standardization of the study design and the methods of analysis.
      PubDate: 2023-01-24
       
  • In vitro antibacterial activity of green tea–loaded chitosan
           nanoparticles on caries-related microorganisms and dentin after Er:YAG
           laser caries removal

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      Abstract: Abstract This study aimed to determine the inhibitory effects of green tea (Gt), EGCG, and nanoformulations containing chitosan (Nchi) and chitosan+green tea (Nchi+Gt) against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus casei. In addition, the antibacterial effect of nanoformulations was evaluated directly on dentin after the selective removal of carious lesion. At first, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) against S. mutans and L. casei isolates were investigated. In parallel, dentin specimens were exposed to S. mutans to induce carious lesions. Soft dentin was selectively removed by Er:YAG laser (n=33) or bur (n=33). Remaining dentin was biomodified with Nchi (n=11) or Gt+Nchi (n=11). Control group (n=11) did not receive any treatment. Dentin scraps were collected at three time points. Microbiological analyses were conducted and evaluated by agar plate counts. Gt at 1:32 dilution inhibited S. mutans growth while 1:16 was efficient against L. casei. EGCG at 1:4 dilution completely inhibited S. mutans and L. casei growth. Independently of the association with Gt, Nchi completely inhibited S. mutans at 1:4 dilution. For L. casei, different concentrations of Nchi (1:32) and Nchi+Gt (1:8) were required to inhibit cell growth. After selective carious removal, viability of S. mutans decreased (p<0.001), without difference between bur and Er:YAG laser (p>0.05). Treatment with Nchi and Nchi+Gt did not influence the microbial load of S. mutans on dentin (p>0.05). Although variations in concentrations were noticed, all compounds showed antibacterial activity against S. mutans and L. casei. Both bur and Er:YAG laser have effectively removed soft dentin and reduced S. mutans counts. Nanoformulations did not promote any additional antibacterial effect in the remaining dentin.
      PubDate: 2023-01-23
       
  • Influence of Er:YAG laser irradiation on surface properties of Ti-6Al-4V
           machined and hydroxyapatite coated

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      Abstract: Abstract Surface treatment by laser irradiation can change the topography of titanium; however, little is known about the changes it causes when applied to other coatings. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of Er:YAG laser irradiation on the surface properties of titanium-aluminum-vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) discs. Four Ti-6Al-4V surfaces were evaluated (n = 10): CON—control, machined without surface treatment; LT—machined + laser treatment; HA—hydroxyapatite coating; and LT-HA—hydroxyapatite coating + laser treatment. For the laser treatment, an Er:YAG laser with a wavelength of 2940 nm, a frequency of 10 Hz, and an energy density of 12.8 J/cm2 was used. The morphology of the coating was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and the surface composition by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The influence of laser irradiation treatment on roughness and wettability was also evaluated. The Er:YAG laser promoted a significant reduction in the roughness Sa (p < 0.05) and in the contact angle (p = 0.002) of the LT surface compared to the CON surface. On the LT-HA surface, a significant decrease in roughness was observed only for the Rz parameter (p = 0.015) and an increase in the contact angle (p < 0.001) compared to the HA surface. The use of the Er:YAG laser with the evaluated parameters decreased the surface roughness and improved the wetting capacity of machined without surface treatment. In the group with hydroxyapatite coating, the laser influenced the surface roughness only for the parameter Rz and reduced their wetting capacity.
      PubDate: 2023-01-23
       
  • Repair bond strength of different CAD-CAM ceramics after various surface
           treatments combined with laser irradiation

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      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments combined with laser irradiation on the shear bond strength of different CAD-CAM ceramics to composite resin. A total of hundred forty-seven ceramic specimens with thicknesses of 2.5 mm were prepared from three different CAD-CAM ceramics (an yttrium oxide partially stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP); a zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass ceramic (ZLS); and a lithium disilicate–strengthened lithium aluminosilicate glass ceramic (LD-LAS)) and subjected to seven groups of treatment (n = 7): (1) control (no treatment), (2) Er:YAG laser irradiation, (3) Nd:YAG laser irradiation, (4) etching with hydrofluoric acid (HFA), (5) Er:YAG + HFA, (6) Nd:YAG + HFA, and (7) sandblasting. After surface treatment procedures, a ceramic primer (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus, Kuraray, Japan) was applied to the ceramics. Bonding agent (Single Bond Universal Adhesive, 3 M ESPE, USA) was then applied, and the composite resin (Estelite Sigma Quick, Kuraray, Japan) was layered on the ceramic surfaces. The shear bond strength test was performed using a universal testing machine at a load of 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed by 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and the Bonferroni correction was used for pairwise comparisons (α = 0.05). Compared to the bond strength of the control group, irradiation by Er:YAG and Nd:YAG lasers alone improved the bond strength of the composite resin to the Y-TZP (P < 0.001) but did not change the bond strength of composite resin to the ZLS and LD-LAS (P > 0.05). Compared to the bond strength of the control group, etching with HFA alone increased the bond strength of the composite resin to the ZLS and LD-LAS (P < 0.001) but did not affect the bond strength of the composite resin to the Y-TZP (P > 0.05). The highest bond strength of ZLS was obtained using HFA + Er:YAG, and the highest bond strength for LD-LAS was obtained using HFA + Nd:YAG. It was concluded that Er:YAG and Nd:YAG laser treatments presented the highest repair bond strength between the composite resin and Y-TZP ceramics. Er:YAG and Nd:YAG laser treatments in conjuction with HFA presented the highest repair bond strength between the composite resin and the glassy ceramics, ZLS, and LD + LAS.
      PubDate: 2023-01-23
       
  • Investigation of effects of quercetin and low-level laser therapy in
           cisplatin-induced in vitro peripheral neuropathy model

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      Abstract: Abstract Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is one of the dose-dependent side effects of cisplatin. The loss of sensory neurons is observed in CIPN. There are many methods to minimalize CIPN symptoms such as pharmacological agents and photobiostimulation but the mechanisms of these methods are unclear. Our study is aimed at determining the effects of quercetin and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in undifferentiated and nerve growth factor–differentiated PC12 cells in cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. PC12 cells with cisplatin were co-treated with quercetin and LLLT (diode pumped all-solid-state laser, 670 nm, output 500 mW, and the laser beam surface area was 1.96 cm2). The effects of quercetin and LLLT on GAP-43 and Synapsin I expressions were analyzed by real-time PCR, cell viability was assessed by MTT assay, Annexin and dead assay measured the induction of apoptosis, the alterations in mitopotential were assessed by mitopotential assay, and lactate dehydrogenase activity in cells was analyzed. All experiment data were analyzed by the Tukey test and applied as a post hoc test, and statistical evaluation was made. Our results indicated that cisplatin increased apoptosis (24,210 ± 2189, 46,504 ± 8246) cells, mitochondrial dysfunction (44,312 ± 0.751, 68,788 ± 1271), and LDH activity (62,821 ± 8245, 87,838 ± 8116). Furthermore, it decreased cell viability (42,447 ± 1780, 36,140 ± 3682) and inhibited GAP-43 and Synapsin I genes in undifferentiated and differentiated PC12 cells. However, apoptosis, the alterations in mitopotential, and lactate dehydrogenase activity decreased by applications of quercetin and LLLT. It has been recommended that quercetin and low-level laser therapy roles on cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy should be investigated in vivo, and the relationship between quercetin and low-level laser therapy should be molecular.
      PubDate: 2023-01-23
       
  • Prognostic value of choroidal vascular index in determining response to
           intravitreal dexamethasone implant treatment used in refractory diabetic
           macular edema

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      Abstract: Abstract To investigate the effect of intravitreal dexamethasone (IVD) implant injection, which was used in the treatment of DME, on CVI and to investigate whether CVI can be used as a prognostic marker in the treatment of anti-VEGF resistant DME. A retrospective observational and comparative study. Twenty-five eyes of 25 patients with refractory diabetic macular edema who underwent intravitreal dexamethasone (IVD) implant and 50 eyes of 50 healthy patients were included in the study. Central macular thickness (CMT), subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), luminal choroidal area (LCA), total choroidal area (TCA), stromal choroidal area (SCA), and choroidal vascularity index (CVI) were measured on optical coherence tomography. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of age and gender. When the pre-treatment values in the IVD group were compared with the healthy group, LCA and SCA values were higher, and CVI ratios were lower in the IVD group compared to the control group. When baseline, 1st, and 3rd months after injection were compared, it was determined that there was a significant decrease in CMT and LCA. There was no statistically significant difference in SFCT, TCA, and CVI. There was a significant negative correlation between baseline CVI and 3rd month CMT after IVD (rho: − 0.643, p: 0.001). It was observed that the baseline and 1st month LCA values were significantly higher than the 3rd month. The choroidal vascular structure may be affected by IVD treatment. CVI may also have value as a prognostic marker in monitoring the response to treatment.
      PubDate: 2023-01-21
       
  • An update on fractional picosecond laser treatment: histology and clinical
           applications

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      Abstract: Abstract Picosecond lasers have a very short pulse duration and a high peak power density. When fractional optical delivery systems are attached to picosecond lasers, they generate an array of concentrated microspots with a high fluence surrounded by areas with a low fluence. This article discusses the histologic characteristics and clinical applications of fractional picosecond laser treatment. Fractional picosecond laser produces laser-induced optical breakdown (LIOB) and laser-induced cavitation (LIC) in the epidermis and dermis respectively, and can encourage skin regeneration and dermal remodeling. It has been shown that fractional picosecond laser has a positive effect on facial photoaging, enlarged facial pores, dyspigmentation, wrinkles, and atrophic scars. Further research is still needed to confirm the benefits of fractional picosecond lasers.
      PubDate: 2023-01-20
       
  • Characterization of cervical tissue using Mueller matrix polarimetry

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      Abstract: Abstract The cervix is composed of layers of squamous epithelium and connective tissue. The main component of the cervical connective tissue is collagen, which has specific orientations in different parts of the cervix and provides mechanical strength. Cervical pathologies such as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), cancer, pregnancy, and spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) allow for structural remodeling of both squamous epithelium and connective tissue. Mueller matrix (MM) polarimetry is an optical imaging technique that uses polarized light to characterize the morphologic changes in pathological cervix. In this study, advances in MM polarimetry in characterizing cervical tissue and associated pathologies were reviewed. In particular, the basic structure of the MM polarimeter is described. The interaction of polarized light with cervical tissue in terms of polarimetric parameters such as depolarization and birefringence is discussed. The assessment of cervical pathologies including CIN, cancer, pregnancy, and sPTB with MM polarimetry and the underlying reasons that produce the contrast in optical imaging are outlined. The clinical implementation of MM polarimetry, especially the Müller polarimetry colposcope, is also discussed. Finally, the challenges for MM polarimetry in cervical clinics are also speculated.
      PubDate: 2023-01-20
       
  • Retrospective analysis of 1470-/980-nm dual-wavelength laser en bloc
           resection versus transurethral resection of bladder tumor for primary
           non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer

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      Abstract: Abstract To compare the safety and efficacy of en bloc resection of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) using a 1470-/980-nm dual-wavelength laser (DwLRBT) compared to the gold standard, transurethral resection (TURBT). The study group included 251 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of NMIBC, 97 in the DwLRBT group and 154 in the TURBT group. Clinical characteristics, complications, and recurrence-free survival were compared between the two groups. There were no differences between the two groups with regard to age, sex, mean tumor size, mean tumor number, tumor location, risk, fever, and reoperation. Compared to TURBT, DwLRBT was associated with a shorter hospitalization time (mean±standard deviation: 5.81±1.48 days vs. 4.96±1.32, respectively, p=0.001), shorter catheterization time (4.98±1.47 vs. 4.20±1.48 days, respectively; p=0.035), and smaller volume of intraoperative bleeding (8.43±6.21 ml vs. 6.15±5.08, respectively; p=0.003). Recurrence-free survival (RFS) was better for DwLRBT than TURBT in the overall cohort (hazard ratio [HR], 0.4323; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.2852–0.6554; p=0.0004) and for the following subgroups and tumor types: intermediate-risk (HR, 0.2654; 95%CI, 0.1020–0.6904; p=0.0245) and high-risk (HR, 0.4461; 95% CI, 0.2778–0.7162; p=0.0027) groups; and for pedunculate bladder tumors (HR, 0.4158; 95%CI, 0.2401–0.7202; p=0.0063), single bladder tumors (HR, 0.4136; 95%CI, 0.2376–0.7293; p=0.0072), and multiple bladder tumors (HR, 0.2727; 95%CI, 0.1408–0.5282; p=0.0014). DwLRBT is associated with better operative and postoperative outcomes, including, importantly, a longer RFS, compared to TURBT.
      PubDate: 2023-01-19
       
  • Single session of laser photobiomodulation for symptom management of oral
           lichen planus: a retrospective study

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      Abstract: Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a single session of laser photobiomodulation (PBM) with flat top handpiece in reducing painful symptoms in patients with Oral Lichen Planus (OLP). The clinical charts of 20 patients of the Dental Clinic of University of Padua (Italy) who underwent a single laser PBM to manage OLP symptomatology were retrospectively analyzed. A 980 nm diode laser and a flat top handpiece with a 1-cm2 spot area were employed to perform the PBM with a single session protocol. VAS pain scores were assessed before and after the laser PBM, the day after, and on the 7th and 30th days after the treatment. No adverse effects occurred within 30 days after treatment. The mean VAS-pain score was 3.8 (SD 2.3) before PBM; 2.6 (SD 2.0) after PBM; 1.9 (SD 2.2) on day 1; 2.0 (SD 2.3) on day 7; and 1.5 (SD 2.2) on day 30. VAS pain decreased significantly over time (p < 0.0001). A single session of laser PBM may be safe and effective in reducing pain for symptomatic OLP patients. Further investigations are required to include placebo or topical corticosteroids as comparators.
      PubDate: 2023-01-19
       
  • Effects of Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation and adhesive systems on
           microtensile bond strength of a self-adhering composite

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      Abstract: Abstract This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation and adhesive systems on the microtensile bond strength of Fusio Liquid Dentin (FLD) which is a self-adhering composite (SAC). Twenty-four freshly extracted human molar teeth were collected, and the enamel was removed from the occlusal surface to obtain a flat dentin surface. Twenty-four teeth were randomly divided into eight groups: Group 1: only Fusio Liquid Dentin (FLD) (Petron Clinical, Orange, California, USA) was applied to the dentin surface; Group 2: 37% Phosphoricacid (i-GEL, Medicinos Linija UAB, Lithuania) + FLD; Group 3: Single Bond Universal (SBU) (3 M ESPE, Germany) + FLD; Group 4: Adper Easy One (AEO) (3 M ESPE, Germany) + FLD; Group 5: Er:YAG laser + AEO + FLD; Group 6: Er:YAG laser + SBU + FLD; Group 7: Er,Cr:YSGG laser + AEO + FLD; and Group 8: Er,Cr:YSGG laser + SBU + FLD. After thermocycling, 1 × 1 mm2 sticks were used for the µTBS test (n = 10). Two sticks per group were used for SEM analysis. Fractured sample surfaces were evaluated using a stereomicroscope. Group 8 showed the highest µTBS value (13.70 MPa), whereas Group 1 showed the lowest μTBS value (5.60 MPa). There were no significant differences between Groups 2, 3, and 4 (P = 0.324), but Groups 5–8 showed statistically significant results that were higher than Groups 1–4 (P = 0.012). Adhesive failure mode was predominant followed by mixed failure. The evaluation of bonding of the FLD to dentin showed that the combined use of Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers with SBU and AEO on dentin surfaces improved the dentinal bond strength of the FLD.
      PubDate: 2023-01-18
       
  • Efficacy of non-invasive photodynamic therapy for female lower
           reproductive tract diseases associated with HPV infection: a comprehensive
           meta-analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a proposed non-invasive, highly effective, and fertility-preserving method for the treatment of lower reproductive tract diseases in women. We aim to evaluate the effect of PDT on complete remission, recurrence, and HPV clearance in diseases of the female lower reproductive tract associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in this meta-analysis. PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched to compare PDT with other treatments for complete remission, recurrence, and HPV clearance in women with lower genital tract disease. Fixed or random effect models were performed to assess the pooled effect size. Sensitivity analysis was performed to detect heterogeneity in the included studies. The Begg and Egger test assessed publication bias. There were 12 studies qualified for inclusion; compared to other treatments, PDT had a significant advantage in complete remission (OR=2.97, 95%CI, 2.18–4.04, I2=0, P<0. 001) and recurrence (OR, 0.21; 95%CI, 0.11–0.39; I2=34.9%, P<0. 001). Furthermore, PDT clears HPV quickly and lastingly compared to other therapies (OR, 2.65; 95% CI, 1.41–4.95; I2=71.0%, P=0.002). In addition, the heterogeneity test of sensitivity analysis suggested that the results were robust. Begg test (P=0.73) and Egger test (P=0.71) showed no publication bias. PDT treats diseases of the female lower reproductive tract associated with HPV infection: high complete remission, low recurrence, and rapid and lasting HPV clearance. The PDT seems to be a non-invasive, effective, and promising treatment of female lower reproductive tract diseases associated with HPV infection.
      PubDate: 2023-01-18
       
  • Photobiomodulation for Alzheimer’s disease: photoelectric coupling
           effect on attenuating Aβ neurotoxicity

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      Abstract: Abstract Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and dementia are the most worrying health problems faced by people globally today. Although the pathological features of AD consisting of amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques in the extracellular space (ECS) and intracellular tau tangles are well established, the developed medicines targeting these two proteins have not obtained the expected clinical effects. Photobiomodulation (PBM) describes the therapeutic use of red light (RL) or near-infrared light (NIR) to serve as a noninvasive neuroprotective strategy for brain diseases. The present review discusses the mechanisms of the photoelectric coupling effect (light energy-induced special electronic transition-related alterations in protein structure) of PBM on reducing Aβ toxicity. On the one hand, RL or NIR can directly disassemble Aβ in vitro and in vivo. On the other hand, formaldehyde (FA)-inhibited catalase (CAT) and H2O2-inactived formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FDH) are formed a vicious circle in AD; however, light energy not only activates FDH to degrade excessive FA (which crosslinks Aβ monomer to form Aβ oligomers and senile plaques) but also sensitizes CAT to reduce hydrogen peroxide levels (H2O2, which can facilitate Aβ aggregation and enhance FA generation). In addition, it also activates mitochondrial cytochrome-c to produce ATP in the neurons. Clinical trials of phototherapeutics or oral coenzyme Q10 have shown positive effects in AD patients. Hence, a promising strategy combined PBM with nanopacked Q10 has been proposed to apply for treating AD.
      PubDate: 2023-01-12
       
  • Early acne scar intervention with 1064 nm picosecond laser in patients
           receiving oral isotretinoin: a randomized split-face controlled pilot
           study

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      Abstract: Abstract Early acne scar intervention is important. Oral isotretinoin is widely used in patients with moderate to severe acne. Picosecond laser has shown a promising effect on scar clearance. However, there is a lack of reports on the efficacy and safety of early acne scar management by using 1064-nm picosecond laser in patients receiving low-dose oral isotretinoin. Twenty-four patients with atrophic acne scars of Fitzpatrick skin type III to V were enrolled. All patients were receiving low-dose oral isotretinoin (0.12–0.22 mg/kg/day) during the treatment. The face of the participants was randomly assigned to receive 2 sessions of fractional picosecond 1064 nm Nd: YAG laser (FxPico) treatment and 2 follow-ups, with an interval of 1 month (month 0–3). Clinical efficacy and safety were assessed by photographs, ECCA grading scale, the number of scar lesions melanin and erythema indexes (MI and EI), TEWL, DLQI, and patient satisfaction and the adverse events were recorded on every visit. FxPico significantly decreased the ECCA score and showed higher improvement in the ECCA score. FxPico treated side achieved a significant reduction in all acne scar types, while only boxcar scars and rolling scars showed higher improvement. TEWL but not MI or EI were significantly improved. DLQI and patient satisfaction were higher with the FxPico-treated side than control side. No adverse effects were observed and all the side effects observed were temporary and tolerable. Early intervention by FxPico on patients receiving low-dose oral isotretinoin is a safe and effective modality to improve atrophic acne scars.
      PubDate: 2023-01-12
       
  • Early cancer detection using the fluorescent Ashwagandha chitosan
           nanoparticles combined with near-infrared light diffusion
           characterization: in vitro study

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      Abstract: Abstract Early cancer diagnosis through characterizing light propagation and nanotechnology increases the survival rate. The present research is aimed at evaluating the consequence of using natural nanoparticles in cancer therapy and diagnosis. Colon cancer cells were differentiated from the normal cells via investigating light diffusion combined with the fluorescence effect of the Ashwagandha chitosan nanoparticles (Ash C NPs). Ionic gelation technique synthesized the Ash C NPs. High-resolution transmission electron microscope, dynamic light scattering, and zeta potential characterized Ash C NPs. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyzed Ash C NPs, chitosan, and Ashwagandha root water extract. Moreover, the MTT assay evaluated the cytotoxicity of Ash C NPs under the action of near-infrared light (NIR) irradiation. The MTT assay outcomes were statistically analyzed by Bonferroni post hoc multiple two-group comparisons using one-way variance analysis (ANOVA). Based on the Monte-Carlo simulation technique, the spatially resolved steady-state diffusely reflected light from the cancerous and healthy cells is acquired. The diffuse equation reconstructed the optical fluence rate using the finite element technique. The fluorescent effect of the nanoparticles was observed when the cells were irradiated with NIR. The MTT assay revealed a decrease in the cell viability under the action of Ash C NPs with and without laser irradiation. Colon cancer and normal cells were differentiated based on the optical characterization after laser irradiation. The light diffusion equation was successfully resolved for the fluence rate on cells’ surfaces showing different normal and cancer cells values. Ash C NPs appeared its fluorescent effect in the presence of NIR laser.
      PubDate: 2023-01-11
       
  • Diode laser on excision of giant peripheral odontogenic myxoma: a rare
           case report and literature review

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      Abstract: Abstract It was to report a rare case of peripheral odontogenic myxoma removed with high-power diode laser and to do an extensive review of studies of odontogenic cysts and tumors treated with high-power laser (HPL). This is a rare case of a 63-year-old male patient with a peripheral odontogenic myxoma measuring approximately 10 cm in the attached gingiva region of tooth 16 removed with a high-power diode laser (808 nm, 3 W, in continuous mode, under constant suction, with 400-µm optical fiber). A literature review was also carried out looking for articles that involved the use of HPL in the treatment of odontogenic cysts and tumors, without restriction of year or language. In the present case, there was no need for suturing, no postoperative discomfort, and minimal bleeding during the procedure. In a 12-month follow-up period, there were no signs of recurrence. Only two cases of intra-osseous odontogenic myxomas treated with HPL and 10 cases involving other odontogenic cysts and tumors were found. All studies showing HPL to be effective in treating these lesions. Despite the different types of lasers used and different parameters, it is observed that lasers are effective in the treatment of odontogenic lesions.
      PubDate: 2023-01-11
       
  • Red LED light therapy associated with epidermal growth factor on wound
           repair process in rats

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      Abstract: Abstract Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and light-emitting diode (LED) are currently deployed as promissory treatments for skin repair; however, the mechanisms of their association are not yet evidenced. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the effects of combined treatment with EGF and red LED on the wound healing processes in rats. Adult Wistar rats were randomized in control group (CG) wounds without treatment; wounds submitted to EGF treatment (EGF); wounds submitted to LED treatment (LED); wounds submitted to EGF associated with LED treatments (EGF/LED). Treatments were performed immediately after the surgical procedure and each 24 h, totaling 8 sessions. Moreover, LED was applied before EGF treatment at a single point in the center of the wound. Morphological characteristics and the immunoexpression of COX-2, VEGF, and TGF-β were measured. The results demonstrated that EGF/LED group presented a higher wound healing index. Additionally, all experimental groups presented similar findings in the histological evaluation, the degree of inflammation, and the area of dermis-like tissue. However, for EGF-treated animals (with or without LED), neoepithelial length was higher. Furthermore, all the treated groups decreased COX-2 and increased VEGF immunoexpression, and only EGF/LED group enhanced the TGF-β protein expression when compared to the untreated group. This research shows that EGF and LED modulate inflammatory process and increase the vascularity. In addition, treatment of EGF associated with LED promoted a more evident positive effect for increasing TGF-β expression and may be promising resources in the clinical treatment of cutaneous wounds.
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
       
 
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