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Ámbito Investigativo     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Development and Alumni Relations Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Enrollment Management Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
in education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of College and Character     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of College Reading and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Kentucky Journal of Excellence in College Teaching and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
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Education Research International
Number of Followers: 19  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-4002 - ISSN (Online) 2090-4010
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Predictive Abilities of Curiosity, Creativity, and Motivation on Academic
           Performance of High School Students in Ghana

    • Abstract: The study looked at how learners innate possessions (motivation, curiosity, curiosity) affect their performance (science and mathematics). A total of 568 high school students were surveyed through a quantitative-correlational research design. Data for the study were gathered using an adapted curiosity measure, an adapted creativity measure, an adapted motivation measure, and an expert-developed academic performance measure. Multiple multivariate was used to test the hypothesis. The study revealed that students’ motivated behaviors, curious abilities, creative potentials jointly explained 15.5% change or variance in science score and 33.1% change or variance in mathematics score. In this sense, it is evident that students’ who become curious, creative, and motivated in their learning situation could improve upon their academic performance and achieve their academic goals. Therefore, school managers of high schools should call for intersubject workshops, as it is evident that science and mathematics are related. Furthermore, the Ghana Education Service should revise the way and manner in which it organizes professional development programs for practitioners in order to make them cross-curricular.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Feb 2023 12:35:01 +000
  • The Components of the Spiritual Intelligence Predicting the Mental
           Toughness and Emotional Creativity for the University Students

    • Abstract: The present study aims to investigate the components of spiritual intelligence that predict mental toughness and emotional creativity. It also reveals the statistically significant differences in spiritual intelligence, mental toughness, and emotional creativity in terms of the gender and academic specialization variables. The measurements of spiritual intelligence, mental toughness, and the measurement of emotional creativity have been applied to a sample study consisting of 192 male and female students from Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University. The results of the study have proven that it is possible to predict mental toughness through the components of spiritual intelligence. In addition, the positive diagnosis of difficulties was considered to be the most significant component in predicting emotional creativity, followed by awareness and transcendence. The results also showed that there are no statistically significant differences between spiritual intelligence and mental toughness concerning the gender variable or the academic specialization and the same case applies to emotional creativity in terms of specialization. However, there are statistically significant differences in emotional creativity which can be accounted for by the gender variable for males.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2023 18:35:00 +000
  • Sustainable Development and Saudi Vision 2030: Entrepreneurial Orientation
           of Students Toward E-Businesses and Proposed Model of “Virtual Business
           Incubator” for SEU

    • Abstract: This study aims to explore Saudi students’ entrepreneurial orientation (EO) toward e-businesses in the line of achieving the strategic objectives of Saudi Vision 2030. Saudi Vision 2030 (hereafter, Vision 2030) is a strategic framework to attain the sustainable development of Saudi Arabia. It was first announced by Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman in April 2016.
      Authors have proposed a Saudi Vision Linkages Model to show the role and importance of university education (UE) and entrepreneurial culture in fulfilling the specific requirements of the Saudi labor market to attain the ultimate strategic objectives of Vision 2030. The authors also proposed a conceptual model of the study to depict the relationships of EO with their entrepreneurial intention toward online businesses (e-EI). The study used a multidimensional model of the EO where three subdimensions, namely risk-taking propensities (RTP), innovativeness (INV), and pro-activeness (P-ACT), are used. The conceptual model of the study also shows UE and gender (GEN) as moderating variables. The authors used convenience sampling to collect cross-sectional data and conducted an online survey among the students at Saudi Electronic University (SEU) using a 5-point Likert-type scale to collect the data through a questionnaire, observing a total of 17 items and 408 filled questionnaires were received.
      Authors proposed six hypotheses where four hypotheses build the direct relations, namely, RTP (H1), INV (H2), P-ACT (H3), and UE (H4) with e-EI and hypotheses H5 and H6 are further divided into the subhypotheses, respectively, in H5a, H5b, H5c and H6a, H6b, H6c to show the moderating effect of UE (H5) and GEN (H6). SmartPLS 4.0 software is used to apply structural equation modeling for the analysis of data. Reliability, composite validity, discriminant validity, and model-fit indices of the measurement model are assessed before running a bootstrapping to measure the significance and standardized β estimates of the paths of hypotheses (structural model analysis). After analyzing the results, in the suggestions section, the authors have suggested that the university build a university business incubator for the students to promote entrepreneurial activities on all the campuses with a head office in the Riyadh campus.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2023 10:05:00 +000
  • A Study of Electronic Dictionary Use and Attitudes among Iranian Students
           of Translation during COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Abstract: Dictionaries are an integral part of language learning process to fulfill learners’ linguistic and academic needs. Recently, COVID-19 pandemic has had many effects on students’ life and learning styles, forcing them to switch to electronic learning during lockdown restrictions. As a result, electronic and Internet-based dictionaries became more available, altering learners’ attitudes in dealing with various types of dictionaries. This study aims at presenting an overview of Iranian university students’ attitudes, habits, and preferences in dictionary use in light of recent changes in their learning environment. Our goal is to gather data from Iranian students of translation studies through conducting a small-scale survey, adopted from the literature, and a number of semistructured interviews in order to explore their dictionary use and habits, means of obtaining dictionaries, types of dictionaries used for translation purposes, and the instructions they received on using dictionaries. The findings presented that the majority of students prefer electronic dictionaries; however, gender does not have a significant effect on the educational use of dictionaries. This study has some implications that could help authorities to advance electronic-based learning at universities.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Feb 2023 14:05:00 +000
  • Effects of Teachers’ Written Corrective Feedback on the Writing
           Achievement of First-Year Ethiopian University Students

    • Abstract: An increasing number of studies have confirmed that written corrective feedback (hereafter WCF) is vital for improving learners’ L2 writing. However, many scholars could not agree whether this improvement was due to direct, indirect, or both forms of WCF. Thus, this study first investigated the role of WCF students’ writing achievement; it then investigated if there was a statistically significant difference in writing achievement between groups that received direct and indirect WCF forms. To this end, a quasi-experimental research design involving three intact first-year classes from a university found in northwest Ethiopia was used. Two experimental groups and one comparison group of learners were participants in this study. Test scores analyzed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed that WCF has an influential role in enhancing learners’ writing performance. Moreover, this study showed that learners in the direct WCF accompanied by a metalinguistic explanation group outperformed their counterparts in the indirect WCF group in writing paragraphs. Based on the study’s findings, it is possible to conclude that the provision of WCF is vital in the Ethiopian context; moreover, learners could benefit more from using linguistic structures correctly if metalinguistic explanations accompany the provision of direct WCF.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Feb 2023 13:35:00 +000
  • Translating the Lampung Oral Literature into Music for Educational
           Purpose: A Case Study of Pisaan on the Indonesian Island of Sumatra

    • Abstract: A large body of data concerning oral literature around the globe have been reported. Moreover, in Indonesia, a country with multilingual and multicultural contexts, the study of oral literature has become an important aspect of investigation. One of the oral pieces of literature that exists in Indonesia is Pisaan, an oral tradition that can be found in Lampung, a province located on the southern tip of the island of Sumatra. Although a considerable amount of oral literature research has been conducted in the Indonesian context; however, to our best knowledge, little research has been paid to Pisaan oral literature, which plays an essential role in the Lampung community. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the oral literature by translating and transforming the Pisaan oral literature into lyrics and musical elements to educate future generations. This study adopted a qualitative approach using several instruments, i.e., semistructured interviews and recording tools, for data collection. A total of four women who were cultural activists in the age range of 37–76 years of age took part in the current study. The collected data were analyzed using a content analysis and a melody structure analysis. The results show that Pisaan has simple syllabification, which dominantly consists of consonant–vowel (CV) and consonant–vowel–consonant (CVC). The rhythm of Pisaan is categorized into syllabic time syllables, emphasizing the stress word based on its syllables. From a musical perspective, the Pisaan oral literature has been successfully translated and written into musical notation with the aim of preservation, which, as far as we are aware, has never before been done. However, we realize that the Western music notation in this study only serves as the initial stage of analysis and does not aim to replace the distinctive native-cultural values of Pisaan, offering an alternative instructional path for improving Lampung oral literature teaching methods and a valuable strategy to diversify undergraduate courses through comparable interdisciplinary inquiries. Therefore, limitations and suggestions for future research are also discussed.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Feb 2023 13:35:00 +000
  • Evaluation of Problem-Based Learning in College of Medicine: An Indicator
           of Quality Education in a Hybrid Curriculum

    • Abstract: Background. A culture of quality is believed to drive institutes toward excellence through feedback. Multiple surveys at educational institute help to get a deeper insight into institutional performance and curricular execution. Since problem-based learning (PBL) is an important component of the hybrid curriculum, thus stakeholders’ opinion on PBL satisfaction is worth discussing. This study intended to determine the trends in students’ satisfaction with PBL over the years and to report on the importance of curricular changes that can be incorporated based on students’ needs. Methods. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study that was conducted at the College of Medicine (COM), King Saud Bin Abdul Aziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. All male and female medical students, using consecutive sampling technique, were included in the study. End-of-course evaluation reports for the academic years ranging from 2013 to 2019 on PBL satisfaction, with a response rate of ≥60%, were included in this study. Results. Overall, students at the COM, Jeddah were satisfied with PBL. A declining but satisfactory trend followed by a sharp rise in satisfaction was observed in this study. Pearson correlation reported a positive relationship between PBL problems, tutors, and PBL sessions (r = 0.82, ).Conclusions. Transition from three sessions to two sessions per PBL case can be considered as an effective and efficient way of curricular execution. We found that the tutor, the case, and session dynamics were positively correlated after the incorporation of the feedback. Thus, highlighting the facts that inculcating a culture of responding to feedback can lead to innovations in medical teaching and can help to improve the curricular execution and students’ satisfaction.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Feb 2023 20:50:00 +000
  • Competency Level of Teachers’ Subject Matter Knowledge as a Compulsory
           for Teaching Secondary School Mathematics: A Case Study on Postgraduate
           Diploma Trainee

    • Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to assess the status of mathematics subject matter knowledge competency of student teachers and show the role of subject matter knowledge in teaching secondary school mathematics. This study involved 70 student teachers attending postgraduate diploma training program of teacher training modality. An achievement test was used to collect the data from the participant. The result has shown that the overall subject matter knowledge competency of the trainee is remarkably low. However, algebra received relatively higher competency with a mean score of 2.2, and mathematics as communication and reasoning competency was considerably lower with a mean score of 0.56. In addition to these, a comparison among subject matter knowledge competency areas identified shows that there is a significant difference between algebra (higher competency) and the remaining 12 selected subject matter knowledge competency areas. This study concluded that student teachers have a deficiency in mathematics subject matter knowledge competency in general and lack uniformity within selected mathematics subject matter knowledge competency areas. Based on the findings, it is recommended that subject matter knowledge is particularly required for secondary school mathematics teaching needed in the teacher training program and the teacher training program needs amendment toward the direct purpose.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Feb 2023 13:35:01 +000
  • Balancing Academic Curriculum Problem Solution: A Discrete Firefly-Based

    • Abstract: The difficulty of allocating a balanced educational syllabus to academic periods of a curriculum, also known as curriculum balancing, has long been a source of consternation for any institution of higher education attempting to connect learners and teachers. The balanced academic curriculum challenge entails assigning courses to academic times while adhering to all load restrictions and prerequisite requirements. The balanced academic curriculum problem (BACP) includes assigning subjects to class hours that fulfill standards even while managing students’ burden in terms of credits, course load, and perquisites that includes subjects covered in the previous semesters/periods. The number of credits every semester corresponds to the academic load. As a result, educational frameworks must be “balanced,” which means the credits for each period should be equivalent in order for students to bear minimum work. As a result, it is desirable to reduce this cost by developing a study plan that employs an algorithm that conducts this work automatically. Using an optimization method, this article provides a solution to the challenge of curricula balancing based on the discrete firefly algorithm (DFA). In research, FA has already been used to solve the BACP problem. However, the basic FA is modified to DFA with a local search mechanism inbuilt that helps to reach optimum solution in less number of iterations. A series of tests on standard and real data instances are done to check the efficiency of the suggested approach, with the objective of producing a platform that would simplify the procedure of building a curriculum system at institutions of higher learning. The results show that the proposed solution obtained a rather rapid solution and hit the recognized optimum in most of the iterations.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Feb 2023 13:35:01 +000
  • AI in the Foreign Language Classroom: A Pedagogical Overview of Automated
           Writing Assistance Tools

    • Abstract: Recent technological advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have paved the way for improved and in many cases the creation of entirely new and innovative, electronic writing tools. These writing support systems assist during and after the writing process making them indispensable to many writers in general and to students in particular who can get human-like sentence completion suggestions and text generation. Although the wide adoption of these tools by students has been faced with a steady growth of scientific publications in the field, the results of these studies are often contradictory and their validity may be questioned. To gain a deeper understanding of the validity of AI-powered writing assistance tools, we conducted a systematic review of the recent empirical AI-powered writing assistance studies. The purpose of this review is twofold. First, we wanted to explore the recent scholarly publications that evaluated the use of AI-powered writing assistance tools in the classroom in terms of their types, uses, limits, and potential for improving students’ writing skills. Second, the review also sought to explore the perceptions of educators and researchers about learners’ use of AI-powered writing tools and review their recommendations on how to best ingrate these tools into the contemporary and future classroom. Using the Scopus research database, a total of 104 peer-reviewed papers were identified and analyzed. The findings indicate that students are increasingly using a variety of AI-powered writing assistance tools for improving their writing. The tools they are using can be categorized into four main groups: (1) automated writing evaluation tools, (2) tools that provide automated writing corrective feedback, (3) AI-powered machine translators, and (4) GPT-3 automatic text generators. The analysis also highlighted the scholars’ recommendations regarding dealing with learners’ use of AI-powered writing assistance tools and grouped the recommendations into two groups for researchers and educators.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Feb 2023 11:20:02 +000
  • Factors Influencing Dropout Students in Higher Education

    • Abstract: Dropout students are a severe problem in higher education (HE) in many countries. Student dropout has a tremendous negative impact not only on individuals but also on universities and socioeconomic. Consequently, preventing educational dropouts is a considerable challenge for HE’s institutions. Therefore, knowing the factors influencing student dropout is an essential first step in preventing students from dropping out. This study uses a mix of qualitative and quantitative approaches. To determine what variables affect student dropout, we use a qualitative approach, after which the variables found will be validated by the public and stakeholders using a quantitative approach. Then, the next step is to classify variables using a quantitative approach. This study observes dropout students at private universities in Central Java, Indonesia. The findings reveal that personal economic factors, academic satisfaction, academic performance, and family economics are the most influential. The results of this paper are significant for universities in Indonesia, especially Central Java, to overcome the problem of student dropouts, so that they are more precise in making decisions. In addition, the results of this study are also helpful for further research as a basis for predicting students dropping out of university.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Feb 2023 08:35:01 +000
  • The Reality of Middle School (Intermediate) Female Students in Saudi
           Arabia and the Practice of 21st-Century Skills: Teachers’ Perspective

    • Abstract: The skills that were considered necessary for success in the 21st century included the ability to improve social and intellectual abilities such as communication, cooperation, critical thinking, and problem-solving, as well as creativity and innovation. It also contains methods of working, interacting, cooperating, and working in teams so that they can encourage and support skills relevant to the 21st century, such as literacy, information technology, and digital networks. Thus, this study aims to know the reality of middle school (intermediate) pupils in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia about putting the skills of the 21st century into practice. The researcher employed the descriptive survey approach in her work, and the study tool (questionnaire) was used on a random sample composed of middle school (intermediate) teachers (female) in the Al-Qassim region. The following are some of the major results of the study: The use of technology by the middle school (intermediate) female students efficiently and effectively garnered a high response rate from the study participants. However, the intermediate students’ skills in information, media and technology culture, health and safety skills, and self-leadership put into practice earned an average response rate from the study participants. There were statistically significant differences in the study, which favored higher education qualifications and the attendance of training courses relevant to the “skills of the 21st century,” with no statistically significant differences for the more years of experience. The study advised that material and moral motivation tactics should be utilized as it is of essential relevance and required for the leaders of schools to urge them on new leadership practices.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 15:20:01 +000
  • The Research on the Influencing Factors of Foreign Master’s and Doctoral
           Students’ Study Performance in China

    • Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to find the influencing factors that affect the study performance of foreign students. Previous studies mainly focused on medical undergraduate students in China, while the research objects of this study are engineering graduate students and doctoral students. Researchers constructed a questionnaire with good validity through the literature survey method and the Delphi method. A total of 150 questionnaires were distributed, 123 questionnaires were collected, 11 questionnaires with problems were excluded, and 112 questionnaires were valid. Researchers analyzed the factors affecting the performance of foreign students through SPSS. The results show that the scores of Chinese skill, “psychology–ability–behavior” three-dimensional evaluation framework, and the level of teaching presence are positively correlated with the study performance of foreign students. Among them, the correlation between the scores of the three-dimensional evaluation framework and performance is the strongest, and the correlation between Chinese skill and performance is the weakest. In the three-dimensional evaluation framework, psychological factors have the greatest influence on students’ study performance. Based on the above analysis results, the researchers put forward a series of policy recommendations, such as improving teachers’ teaching level, strengthening Chinese language education for foreign students, and enhancing foreign students’ learning motivation and learning satisfaction.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Jan 2023 11:50:01 +000
  • Perspectives of Primary Teachers, Students, and Parents on Homework

    • Abstract: The purpose of this research was to examine the experiences of teachers, students, and parents on homework purpose and student feedback in primary school. The qualitative methodology was adopted for this research. This qualitative study used data from 20 teachers, 20 students, and 20 parents of the fifth-grade primary school in four municipalities of Kosovo. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and were analyzed through the thematic analysis method. The research results provided an overview of the reality of the way teachers approached homework. Research showed that there was a lack of a general standard, in almost all schools, related to homework assignments and there was a lack of teachers’ professional development for homework planning. Also, this research showed that the purpose of homework was closely related to how teachers planned and understood the role of homework, as well as how teachers built collaboration with students.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Jan 2023 18:35:01 +000
  • Introduction of Near-Peer Mentorship Program in an Undergraduate Medical
           College in Pakistan: A Pilot Study

    • Abstract: Objective. Transitioning from college to university life is a whole new exciting experience for the students but it also often develops feelings of unfamiliarity within them. The literature states that near-peer mentoring is a new paradigm that can provide multiple opportunities for the professional growth of the mentees and mentors. This study aims to introduce a formal near-peer mentoring program at Ziauddin Medical College and identifies its effects on the participants of this program. Methods. A quasi-experimental study design was used for a duration of 5 months. In total, 73 students participated in the program, 21 from the 3rd year as near-peer mentors (NPMs) and 52 from the 1st year as mentees. All mentees were randomly distributed among the mentors, broadly in a ratio of 1 : 2. Data were collected using a peer-mentoring evaluation toolkit, having questions based on a Likert scale. Results. The results showed that after participating in this program, 69% of the mentees felt acclimatized into the university environment and 66% of the mentors also developed a sense of belonging. Ninety percent of the mentors agreed that their soft skills improved after mentoring their juniors. Overall, around 70% of the mentors and mentees agreed that participation in this program had positive effects on their learning. Conclusion. This study provides baseline information of NPM program intervention, which had a positive effect on both the participated mentors and mentees. Thus, the formal introduction of such programs will be beneficial for medical institutes to improve the student support process.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Jan 2023 15:35:02 +000
  • High School Teachers’ Perceptions and Practices of Mathematics
           Curriculum in Ghana

    • Abstract: How do mathematics teachers view about the curriculum can affect their role in classroom activities. In this context, this study examined teachers’ perceptions of the math curriculum for senior high schools in Ghana and their interrelation with classroom practices. Quantitative data were collected from a random sample of 69 mathematics teachers across the senior high schools in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The results of the data showed that the teachers have confidence toward the subject. However, they view math curriculum as a rigid and abstract with more theoretical practices rather than practical connection, which they think is nonrealistic and irrelevant in the current form. Most of the math teachers were not confident about linking the classroom activities to students’ real life. They do not have sufficient knowledge and experience in curriculum design. In this sense, the core mathematics curriculum for Ghanaian senior high schools is not realistic and relevant. Some curriculum recommendations have been suggested at the end of this paper.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Jan 2023 15:20:00 +000
  • The Effectiveness of Infusion Learning Model in Linear Algebra Course

    • Abstract: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of applying the learning model in linear algebra at a university in the city of Jombang, Indonesia, which is indicated by looking at student learning outcomes, student learning activities, and the ability of lecturers to manage to learn. The quasi-experimental research method was carried out for 3 months involving two classes of students consisting of an experimental class (infusion learning model) and a control class (conventional learning). Data were collected through test sheets (pretest and posttest), student activity observation sheets, and lecturers’ ability observation sheets in managing to learn. Data were analyzed using two techniques, namely, inferential statistical analysis and descriptive statistical analysis. Based on inferential statistical analysis, it shows differences in students’ argumentation abilities between the control and experimental groups. In addition, based on the results of the descriptive analysis, student learning outcomes in the infusion learning model obtained more than the minimum standard value, students were active in learning activities, and lecturers’ abilities were good and very good in managing to learn. Thus, the infusion learning model effectively learns linear algebra with vector subspace topics. These findings indicate that students are enthusiastic about solving problems, building arguments not in dialog and arguments in dialog, and actively discussing with other students in class. We suggest that lecturers apply infusion learning to other math topics so that students can be enthusiastic about learning mathematics in class. Alternatively, lecturers can use the infusion learning model with technology-assisted learning to make learning more interesting for students.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Jan 2023 19:50:00 +000
  • Alleviating Students’ Naive Theory on Newton’s Laws of Motion through
           Problem Optimization and Scaffolding Discussion

    • Abstract: The purpose of this study is to find out what types of problems and scaffolding should be set in problem-based learning to alleviate students’ naive theories. This study employed a sample of three classes with a problem-based learning process using three variations of problems and scaffolding. The findings suggested that there were significant differences among the three groups of students. The highest reduction in students’ naive theories occurred in classes that used open problems equipped with discussion scaffolding. Based on the interpretation of the video results of student discussions and the average posttest class using open problems equipped with discussion scaffolding, students’ naive theories were mostly reduced. Problems in problem-based learning are open-ended, which encourage students to use their naive theories to solve problems. With the scaffolding that has been designed, students’ character grows as scientists. Based on the interview results, the class that used closed problems equipped with scaffolding tended to use their notes while in high school, which he was not clear about, except for doing exam questions. However, in a classroom that uses open problems equipped with discussion scaffolding and in classes that use open problems without discussion scaffolding, it is stated that students like to solve problems in their real lives. Thus, open problems in problem-based learning are the key to successful learning, whereas discussion scaffolding strengthens the implementation of these open problems.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Jan 2023 19:50:00 +000
  • Training Management on Training Effectiveness and Teaching Creativity in
           the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic makes it difficult for the teaching and learning process to be conducted freely using all learning modes due to the limited interaction between teachers and students by distance. Therefore, teachers must creatively utilize various learning models to ensure students are properly taught during the pandemic. In this regard, this study aims to elaborate on the relationship between training management, effectiveness, and its impact on the teaching creativity of public teachers from kindergarten to upper secondary level. This is an online quantitative survey with a sample of state-funded teachers consisting of civil, honorary, and contract teachers. These three types of teachers were included in the category of teachers of the State Civil Apparatus. The accidental sampling technique was used to obtain data from 405 respondents through the questionnaire distribution for a month. This was greater than the initial target of 200 people as a condition for the eligibility of the number of respondents when using structural equation modeling (SEM)—AMOS analysis. A total of four hypotheses were proposed in this study, with three accepted and one rejected. The result showed that training management contributed significantly to training effectiveness but had a minimal contribution to increasing teachers teaching creativity during the pandemic. Furthermore, training effectiveness had a significant contribution to the invention of teaching teachers and was a full mediator. This study also found the lack of references about management training and the relationships built. Proper management is a key factor in encouraging the effectiveness of activity, but it is unable to improve the creativity of teaching teachers directly. The role of training effectiveness was significant because it increases the contribution of training management to teacher teaching creativity. This research also showed that the training carried out on ASN only be successful with good management. The effectiveness of teachers teaching creativity can only be increased through training, especially during a pandemic.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Jan 2023 16:50:01 +000
  • Linkages between Investment Potential and Quality of Educational
           Institutions: Evidence from India

    • Abstract: Using disparate datasets, one on the quality of higher education institutions (HEIs) in India comprising 348 HEIs that were accredited over the years 2004–2008, and another on the investment potential of states based on four indicators, we fail to find a correlation between the investment potential of a state and the mean efficiency of its HEIs computed using nonparametric data envelopment analysis (DEA). However, interactions of investment potential indicators with HEI scores on seven quality assessment criteria exhibit a significant impact on efficiency scores thereby suggesting a latent moderating effect. We conclude that the investment potential moderates the quality assessment of HEIs, but these indicators do not affect the efficiency of HEIs. A direct policy implication of the study is a latent link between HEI quality and investment potential of a state but not an overt one. Moreover, a state’s infrastructure interacts with teaching and learning to affect HEI efficiency positively, whereas research output and good political governance interact to affect efficiency positively and significantly.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Jan 2023 08:05:00 +000
  • Assessment of Anatomy Education Teaching Modalities before and during
           COVID-19 in US Medical Schools

    • Abstract: Medical schools in the United States, as well as across the world, have undergone curriculum reform in the delivery of anatomy courses, which recently required social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to compare total teaching time across three major types of anatomy curricular formats in preclerkship and clerkship phases of US medical education, and quantitatively describe which tools/teaching modalities are used within different curricula structures across preclinical and clinical anatomy courses as well as evaluate the relative percent of the curricular time their use comprised prior to and during the pandemic. An optional survey instrument (with skip patterns), developed using Qualtrics Software and approved by the author’s home Institutional Review Board, was sent to anatomy course directors at 152 allopathic medical schools, from all four geographic and size categories delineated by the Association of American Medical Colleges. Data were analyzed using Qualtrics XM Stats iQ software. Thirty allopathic US medical institutions were represented in this survey, among which there existed an even distribution across the three integration formats with the majority of instruction occurring in the first-year curriculum. Total anatomy teaching time varied widely, but cadaveric dissection and lectures were the predominant teaching modalities, even during the pandemic. Traditional dissection comprised the majority of contact time compared to alternative modalities, but less than half of respondents currently incorporate new modalities. Approximately half of the schools changed to an all-virtual format for 2020–2021. Among those that were fully virtual, time using 3D anatomy significantly increased. Our results demonstrate that traditional anatomic educational practices remain the mainstay of medical education. Surprisingly, total contact hours in anatomic education varied widely, but there were striking similarities in the use of traditional tools.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 Jan 2023 16:05:00 +000
  • Teachers’ Talk and Students’ Attitude in Learning English at Secondary
           Schools in Indonesia: A Correlational Analysis

    • Abstract: Teachers’ talk is a key tool for engaging students in learning. This research is carried out to examine the correlation between students’ attitude and teachers’ talk in learning English at secondary schools in Indonesia in which English is taught as a foreign language. These two aspects are substantial when learning objectives are to be achieved. Unlike the previous studies that focused more on the nature of teachers’ talk and its effect on the development of specific language skills, this study scrutinizes the interrelation between teachers’ talk and one of the individual differences possessed by language learners, i.e., attitude. Two research questions are formulated to be answered by this study. First, what types of attitude possessed by the learners and how they are classified' Second, how does teachers’ talk correlate with the learners’ attitude in the attempt of achieving the learning goals' A quantitative approach is applied in this study involving learners of two secondary schools, namely, SMAN 6 and SMKs Harapan Bangsa as research population in Sidrap, a district in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The researcher used purposive sampling technique in choosing 160 research samples from these two secondary schools. The data were collected using questionnaire and a set of hypotheses testing is utilized to measure the normality, linearity/regression, validity, and the reliability of the instrument. Pearson correlation value formula by Pearson was used to determine whether correlation existed between teachers’ talk and students’ attitude in learning English. The result of the analysis shows the correlation coefficient between teachers’ talk (X) and students’ attitude (Y), which confirms that both variables have correlation, which was interpreted as fair. The Pearson correlation value, which in this case is 0.350, shows a tenuous positive correlation. The implication of this study lies on the importance of teachers’ talk in shaping the learners’ attitude, which in turn leads to the success of language learning.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Jan 2023 12:20:01 +000
  • Examining the Effects of Cue Cards on EFL Learners’ Speaking Fluency,
           Accuracy, and Speaking Anxiety

    • Abstract: As using cue cards is not common in Iranian EFL classes, this research aimed at examining the impacts of applying cue cards on developing the speaking accuracy and fluency of Iranian EFL students. Additionally, this study looked at how employing cue cards helped Iranian EFL learners reduce their speaking anxiety. Sixty of the 97 Iranian EFL students who took the Oxford Quick Placement Test were selected as the target sample for the current research. The selected participants were then indiscriminately designated into two groups: control and experimental of equal size. Afterward, the pretests of speaking fluency and accuracy and speaking anxiety were administered to both groups. After pretesting, the experimental group was instructed by using cue cards, and the control group was instructed by a traditional speaking method. After the instruction finished, both groups took the posttests of the mentioned variables. The data analysis revealed that on their speaking accuracy, fluency, and anxiety posttests, the experimental group outperformed the control group. According to results, applying cue cards led to positive effects on speaking fluency, accuracy, and anxiety. Ultimately, based on the findings, some implications and conclusions were proposed.
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Jan 2023 13:05:01 +000
  • The Impact of Low Socioeconomic Background on a Child’s Educational

    • Abstract: A child’s educational achievements are based on multiple factors, including their family, their family’s behavior, socioeconomic status, their behavior toward their parents, etc. The main objective of the study is to establish the relationship between the socioeconomic background of the children and their educational achievements and how it impacts their psychology. A descriptive survey research design was used to conduct this study. The target population was 50 students and either of their parents. The target was selected through random sampling. Focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and different types of observation techniques were implied while collecting the data. The study concluded that most of the students with low socioeconomic status had poor achievements in their academics, which led them into the labor market at an early age. It has been found that parents with low socioeconomic backgrounds were less interested in educating their children. Kids from low socioeconomic backgrounds are more focused on employment instead of pursuing their studies after completing their secondary education. Such students end up in unskilled or blue-collar jobs. This study recommends free-of-cost vocational and technical education to such children to provide them with better livelihood opportunities. There is a need for parental education and awareness programs as well conducted by schools/universities and other concerned authorities.
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Jan 2023 13:05:01 +000
  • The Effect of National Insight and Religious Moderation on Radical
           Behavior of Secondary School Students

    • Abstract: The study aimed to reveal the effect of nationalism, historical knowledge, religious moderation, Islamism, and radical thinking on radical behavior of the young generation in public high schools in Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. The samples were grade XII students from four schools out of 16 schools. All indicators met the requirements of the validity and reliability test with Cronbach’s alpha and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Convergent validity test (variance extracted (VE) ≥ 0.50) obtained three constructs that meet the requirements to proceed to the analysis structure mode. The finding showed that nationalism construct did not affect the radical behavior construct with Sig. 0.203 > 0.05, while religious moderation construct did not affect radical behavior construct with Sig. 0.629 > 0.05. Meanwhile, the results of the multiple regression analysis showed that the constructs of nationalism and religious moderation simultaneously did not affect the construct of radical behavior. The finding illustrated that public high school students in Padang had a good understanding of nationalism and a moderate attitude in religious life so that there was no potential for the radicalism behavior among the young generation, especially for public high school students in Padang, West Sumatra. The practical implication of this research is that the school leaderships will formulate controlled regulations regarding the implementation of religious and clerical activities carried out by the Intraschool Student Organization (ISSO). In short, they will not be infiltrated by radical ideas from external parties.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Jan 2023 15:35:00 +000
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions on Bequeathing of Bodies for Medical
           Education and Research among Health Science Students of the University of
           Health and Allied Sciences

    • Abstract: Introduction. Cadaveric dissection is an established effective teaching method in anatomical science education. Cadaver acquisition for dissection is, however, based on voluntary body bequeathment. As a result of the increasing numbers of medical schools and student intake, the challenges of inadequate bodies for education became obvious in most parts of the world as the main cadaver source remains anonymous corpses in the custody of the state. Cultural and religious beliefs or commercial purposes are among the several factors that influence the decision about body bequeathal. This study investigates the knowledge, attitude, and perceptions of body bequeathing among health science students who benefitted or are potential beneficiaries of cadaveric studies and identified factors influencing the bequest of bodies in Ghana for educational purposes among students in the University of Health and Allied Sciences. Method. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The study recruited 513 students in the bachelor programs in medicine, physician assistantship, nursing, midwifery, pharmacy, and allied health sciences at various levels. Both closed- and open-ended questions contained in the designed questionnaire were administered. Result. About 74.1% of the respondents had heard of body bequeathal. Majority (98.3%) agreed body bequeathal was important. However, only 39.6% knew the requirements and processes of body bequeathal. Most (>90%) had a negative attitude toward body bequeathal. Conclusion. The study concluded that there was a high awareness of the importance of body bequeathal for medical education and research but very low procedural knowledge on bequeathing, amongst health science students. Moreover, most were unwillingness to donate their bodies or even encourage others to donate their bodies. It is, therefore, recommended that medical schools should setup accessible body bequeathal programs that provide opportunities for interested individuals to be readily assisted through the process of body bequeathal.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Dec 2022 13:35:01 +000
  • The Feasibility of Enhancing Environmental Awareness using Virtual Reality
           3D in the Primary Education

    • Abstract: Technology development promotes different learning strategies for varying levels of education. This technology provides opportunities for more engaging learning and encourages motivation to understand concepts and values. This research focuses on the development of 3D virtual reality (VR), which explains the living environment, especially animals, in the original habitat in the context of elementary school learning. This VR application is called Zoo-VR, which can be used in various learning models to achieve learning competencies. Zoo-VR includes 30 types of animals with their original sounds and explanations in audio and text form. The animals move freely in their habitat according to natural conditions. Users can move from one place to another, approach particular objects, and run virtual menus using programs installed on Oculus. The feasibility of Zoo-VR is reviewed from the perception of teachers and students after using it. The snowball effect interview model measured the perceptions of teachers and students. The teacher’s experience is observed in four aspects of the experience: conformity with the subject matter, feasible learning models, competencies, and the adequacy of menus in the application. The student experience is observed in five aspects: immersion, interest, the comfort of the tool, intention to share, and practicality of existing features. This experience gives the basis for a broader analyzing the use of Zoo-VR both in and outside the classroom. The results of the review and observation explain that Zoo-VR is feasible to apply to real learning situations. The challenge of Zoo-VR is integrating this application with learning objectives on various subjects. However, the result from the limited number of participants cannot be applied to generalize comprehensively. Studies on the application of Zoo-VR to actual learning conditions need to be carried out to reveal the real potential of VR.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Dec 2022 16:35:01 +000
  • An Account of University Professors’ Perceptions of Educational
           Knowledge and Pedagogical Skills in an Individual and Online Learning
           Education System: A Comparative Study

    • Abstract: The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 led to many changes in people’s lifestyles and governments’ policies worldwide. In the education area, there has been an increase in the use of online learning due to the necessity of social distancing and an interruption in the transmission of information. The present study aimed to determine differences between online and in-person education systems regarding teachers’ perceptions of educational knowledge and pedagogical skills during the COVID-19 pandemic. In total, 1,500 teachers were selected from universities with in-person classes and 1,400 instructors were chosen from online universities in the cities of Tehran, Shiraz, Isfahan, Yazd, Tabriz, Ahvaz, Zanjan, and Arak, Iran, in 2022. Notably, the teachers were active in the fields of general and business English. Overall, a questionnaire including 30 items was applied, and each item scored teachers’ educational knowledge and pedagogical skills based on their perceptions using a 5-point Likert scale. Data analysis was performed using MANOVA. According to the results, there was a significant difference between online and in-person education systems regarding general English teachers’ perceptions of their educational knowledge and pedagogical skills. Similar results were obtained for business English teachers. In fact, general and business English teachers of in-person universities had a higher perception of their educational knowledge and pedagogical skills compared with teachers of online universities.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Dec 2022 09:05:01 +000
  • Associations between Students’ Test Preparation Strategies and Test
           Anxiety: Gender, Age, and Parents’ Level of Education as Control

    • Abstract: Although students’ test preparation tendencies are related to their test-taking confidence, empirical evidence on how students’ test preparation strategies relate to their test anxiety is still lacking. Framed within the skills deficit model, we examined the associations between students’ test preparation strategies (cognitive, metacognitive, and social preparation strategies) and their test anxiety (worry, cognitive, tension, and physiological test anxiety). Students’ gender, age, and parents’ level of education served as control variables. Participants were 248 students in two randomly selected secondary schools in Awka, Anambra state, Nigeria. Survey questionnaires were used for data collection. Major findings revealed that cognitive and metacognitive test preparation strategies significantly predicted worry and physiological indicators components of test anxiety, respectively. When the sociodemographic variables were controlled, the ΔR2 was significant only in the worry and physiological subscale. We concluded that test preparation strategies could be more associated with the worry subscale than the affective-physiological subscale. Furthermore, test preparation strategies involving monitoring and regulation could be associated to physiological indicators of test anxiety.
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Dec 2022 17:35:01 +000
  • Adiwiyata Program Innovation through Penta Helix Approach

    • Abstract: The Adiwiyata program is a government program implemented in 2006 due to Indonesia’s declining environmental quality. As a part community, students need to be educated about caring for the environment that can be grown through education. Much research has been described on the Adiwiyata program, but information about the role of Adiwiyata in developing the character of caring for the environment is still limited. This study aims to create the innovation of the Adiwiyata program in developing environmental care characters in elementary schools in Surabaya through the Penta Helix method. The research is located in some elementary schools in Surabaya city, and this study uses a qualitative case study approach. The output of this research is to redesign the Adiwiyata program in the city of Surabaya through the Penta Helix approach. This research method uses qualitative methods. Data are collected through literature studies, semistructured interviews, and surveys and used qualitative data analysis. The results show that the policy’s content and the context of implementing the Adiwiyata program had been going well. Further suggestions researchers suggest continuing to improve the performance of this Adiwiyata properly and providing a reward and punishment system to the implementers involved.
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Dec 2022 16:35:01 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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