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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academic Psychiatry and Psychology Journal : APPJ     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Journal of Professional Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 369)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Aging Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 61)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 236)
An-Nafs : Jurnal Fakultas Psikologi     Open Access  
Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access  
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analogías del Comportamiento     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 91)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 327)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología     Open Access  
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 194)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aprender     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Archives of Depression and Anxiety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy Online     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Augmented Human Research     Hybrid Journal  
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavior and Social Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavioral Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioural Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Beyond Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brain Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 190)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Buletin Psikologi     Open Access  
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Art Therapy : Research, Practice, and Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
CES Psicología     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Coaching Psykologi : The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Community Psychology in Global Perspective     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comprehensive Psychoneuroendocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Consumer Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Contemporary Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Crime Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos de Psicología     Open Access  
cultura & psyché : Journal of Cultural Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Culture - Society - Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

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CES Psicología
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2011-3080
Published by SciELO Homepage  [688 journals]
  • Subjective perception of COVID-19: A comprehensive assessment measure for
           adolescents and young people

    • Abstract: Resumen La pandemia por COVID-19 es un evento adverso y factor de riesgo para la salud integral de los adolescentes y jóvenes, asociado a trastornos de estrés, ansiedad y depresión, sin embargo, la perspectiva ecológica plantea que la percepción del evento o situación juega un papel central en la adaptación y salud mental. Por otra parte, la detección de factores de riesgo-protección es la base de una intervención efectiva. El objetivo de este estudio fue construir una medida multidimensional válida y confiable para explorar la percepción subjetiva y las respuestas psicológicas de los adolescentes y jóvenes ante la pandemia por COVID-19. Se realizó un estudio instrumental en el que participaron 727 adolescentes de 13 a 24 años (M= 18.36; DE= 2.9) de la Ciudad de México. Se elaboró la Encuesta de Percepción Juvenil del COVID-19 (EPJ COVID-19) que fue aplicada en línea. Un análisis factorial por componentes principales (n= 410) arrojó una solución de ocho factores: Miedo y preocupaciones, Indicadores de estrés, Presiones escolares, Conductas preventivas, Cambios de rutinas, Dinámica familiar, Relajación y esparcimiento, y Socialización virtual (VE = 59.07%). Un análisis factorial confirmatorio con el método de máxima verosimilitud (n= 317) corroboró un modelo de ocho factores mostrando índices aceptables de ajuste, el cual también presentó una buena consistencia interna (α total= .863). Los resultados sugieren que la EPJ COVID-19 es una medida válida y confiable que puede ser usada para valorar de manera integral la percepción y respuestas de los adolescentes y jóvenes ante la pandemia para diseñar intervenciones basadas en evidencia. The COVID-19 pandemic is an adverse event and risk factor for the integral health of adolescents and young people, associated with stress disorders, anxiety, and depression; however, the ecological-transactional perspective supposed that the perception of the event or situation plays a central role in adaptation and mental health. Likewise, detecting risk-protective factors is the basis for effective intervention The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable multidimensional measure to explore the perception and psychological responses of young people to the pandemic. An instrumental study was carried out and 727 adolescents aged 13 to 24 years (M= 18.36; SD= 2.9) from Mexico City participated. The COVID-19's Youth Perception Survey (COVID 19's YPS) was constructed which was applied online. A factor analysis using the principal components (n= 410) yielded a solution of eight factors: Fear and worries, Stress indicators, School pressures, Preventive behaviors, Changes in routine, Family dynamics, Relaxation and leisure, and Virtual socialization (EV= 59.07%). A confirmatory factor analysis using the maximum likelihood method (n= 317) corroborated an eight-factor model showing acceptable fit index, and it also shows a good internal consistency (α total= .863). These results suggest that the Survey is a valid and reliable measure that can be used to comprehensively assess adolescents and youth perception and responses to the pandemic, providing data to designing evidence-based intervention.
  • Social and personal control, legitimacy of authorities, and social
           cohesion as protective factors of anti-sociality in adolescents

    • Abstract: Law can shape individual and social behavior in different ways including through perceived control and legitimacy of authorities. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether legitimacy of authorities, social and personal control, and social cohesion influence antisocial behaviors in juvenile offenders. The study, included a sample of two hundred juvenile offenders in Mexico, used structural equation modeling to test the relationship between the perception of just treatment by police and judges (i.e., legitimacy) and social and personal control and outcomes of antisocial behaviors and tendencies (self-report and probability of antisocial behavior as well as reports of peer antisocial behavior). Results indicate legitimacy of authorities and personal control had a negative effect while social control showed a positive effect on these behaviors. Social cohesion had a positive effect on social control. Our results suggest that legitimacy of authorities and personal control act as protective factors against antisocial behaviors whereas, contrary to the expected results, social control may be a risk factor. This research highlights the importance of preventative protective efforts in juvenile offenders such as just treatment and development of personal control rather than the use of punitive processes. In this sense, it is important to consider alternatives for judicial involvement and punishment such as community programs as well as cognitive and emotional prevention and intervention efforts to reduce antisocial behaviors. Programs such as the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Program, other cognitive skill interventions as well as developmental prevention programs have shown efficacy.Resumen La ley puede modelar la conducta de diferentes maneras, consecuentemente, el objetivo de este estudio fue analizar los efectos de la legitimidad, el control social y personal, y la cohesión social en la conducta antisocial de jóvenes infractores. Doscientos menores infractores en México contestaron un cuestionario realizado para este estudio. Los datos fueron analizados a través de ecuaciones estructurales. Cuatro factores fueron especificados: Legitimidad de las autoridades, relacionada con la percepción de tratamiento justo por parte de policías y jueces. Disuasión y norma social conformaron la variable de control social. Orientación al futuro, normas personales y autodeterminación integraron la variable de control personal. La variable conducta antisocial resultó del autoreporte respecto a la conducta antisocial y la probabilidad de conducta antisocial, y del reporte de la conducta antisocial de los amigos. Los resultados indicaron un efecto negativo de la legitimidad y el control personal y uno positivo del control social en la conducta antisocial. La cohesión social tuvo un efecto positivo en el control social. Contrario a lo esperado el control social tuvo un efecto positivo en la conducta antisocial. Por lo tanto, se deben considerar alternativas al “tratamiento” en internamiento (cárcel), ya que la disuasión y el castigo no producen los efectos esperados de retraer a los adolescentes de que cometan delitos. La alternativa pudiera ser los programas de tratamiento comunitarios, así como programas de prevención e intervención que contemplen aspectos emocionales y cognitivos.
  • Feasibility and effectiveness of an Internet-based program for the
           prevention and early intervention of depression inInternet adolescents

    • Abstract: Resumen Antecedentes: la alta prevalencia de depresión en la adolescencia y sus graves consecuencias, asociadas a su falta de detección y tratamiento, estimulan el interés en la investigación respecto a su prevención e intervención tempranas. Las intervenciones basadas en las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC), dada su flexibilidad y capacidad de difusión, representan oportunidades innovadoras; no obstante, en Latinoamérica hay poca evidencia sobre su impacto y eficacia. Objetivo y metodología: se realiza un estudio piloto cuantitativo cuasiexperimental que busca evaluar la factibilidad del programa basado en Internet “Cuida tu Ánimo”, mediante las variables de uso y aceptabilidad, y la estimación del efecto, en 215 adolescentes (103 grupo activo, 112 grupo control) de dos instituciones educativas de la ciudad de Medellín. Se evaluaron las interacciones de los adolescentes con el Programa, su uso-aceptabilidad, el nivel de sintomatología depresiva y otros aspectos relacionados. Resultados: los adolescentes reportan alta aceptación y uso muy moderado del Programa. Señalan el aprendizaje sobre depresión y detección temprana del riesgo que les proporcionó el Programa; y recomiendan aumentar la interactividad de la plataforma web, generar contenidos más diversos y entretenidos, y aumentar los niveles de presencialidad de la intervención. Conclusiones: los programas basados en las TIC pueden ser un complemento favorable para la prevención e intervención tempranas de la depresión en adolescentes. Dada la dificultad de asociar la estimación del efecto del Programa con su uso, se recomienda en estudios futuros utilizar un diseño que permita relacionar los indicadores de uso con los de resultado (dosis-efecto). Background: the high prevalence of depression in adolescence and its serious consequences, associated with its lack of detection and treatment, stimulate interest in research regarding its early prevention and intervention. Interventions based on information and communication technologies (ICT), given their flexibility and capacity for dissemination, represent innovative opportunities; however, in Latin America there is little evidence on their impact and efficacy. Objective and Methods: a quasi-experimental quantitative pilot study was carried out to evaluate the feasibility, through the variables of use and acceptability, and the estimated effect of the Internet-based program "Cuida tu Ánimo", in 215 adolescents (103 active group, 112 control group) from two educational institutions. The adolescents' interactions with the program, its use-acceptability, and the level of depressive symptomatology and other related aspects were evaluated. Results: the adolescents report high acceptance and very moderate use of the Program. They point out that the program allowed them to learn about depression and early detection of risk; also, they recommend increasing the interactivity of the web platform, designing more diverse and entertaining content, and increasing the presence of the intervention. Conclusions: Internet-based programs such as Cuida tu Ánimo can be a favorable complement for the prevention and early intervention of depression in adolescents. Considering the difficulty in relating the estimation of the Program's effect with its use, it is recommended that future studies include a design that permits associating the use indicators with the outcome indicators (dose-effect).
  • Well-being at work and working conditions in primary and secondary school

    • Abstract: Resumen Las condiciones laborales hacen referencía a las particularidades del entorno o ambiente en el que se realizan las actividades de trabajo. A lo largo de la história, las condiciones laborales de los docentes han experimentado contínuas transformaciones bajo distintas reformas educativas, que repercuten en su grado de bienestar en el trabajo. El objetivo de la presente investigación es analizar la relación entre la valoración de las condiciones de trabajo y el bienestar laboral percibido en 132 docentes de primaria y secundaria de colegios públicos y privados de la ciudad de Cali, Colombia. Para tal efecto se utilizó una metodología cuantitativa con diseño correlacional y muestreo no probabilístico intencional. Se evidenció un aumento en el tiempo dedicado a realizar la función docente, la organización y la carga laboral, lo cual genera en los docentes afectaciones en su bienestar laboral. Se encontró una relación significativa entre las condiciones de trabajo y el bienestar laboral de los docentes, de manera que el tipo de contratación temporal genera en ellos inseguridad, inestabilidad y algunos efectos colaterales como somatizaciones y agotamiento, perjudicando su rendimiento laboral, salud y bienestar. Working conditions refer to the particularities of the environment in which work activities are carried out. Throughout history, teachers' working conditions have undergone continuous transformations under different educational reforms, which have an impact on their well-being at work. The research objective was to analyze the relationship between the assessment of working conditions and perceived occupational well-being in 132 primary and secondary teachers from public and private schools in the city of Cali, Colombia. It was carried out by means of a quantitative methodology with a correlational design and intentional non-probabilistic sampling. It was evidenced that increasing in the time devoted to performing the teaching function, organization and workload affects teachers´ welfare. Additionally, a significant relationship was found between the working conditions and the labor well-being of teachers. The type of short-term contracting generates job insecurity and instability and some collateral effects such as somatization and exhaustion, which are detrimental to their work performance, health, and wellbeing.
  • Resource Activation during the first psychotherapy session and its
           relation with early therapeutic change

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: determinar diferencias en el grado en que los terapeutas enfocan sus intervenciones en activar recursos de los consultantes durante la primera sesión en procesos de psicoterapia con y sin resultados terapéuticos tempranos (RT), y caracterizar dichas intervenciones. Método: se utilizó una muestra de 32 procesos de psicoterapia con pacientes ambulatorios, realizados en contextos de prestación rutinaria de servicios y conducidos por terapeutas de distintas orientaciones teóricas. Estos procesos se agruparon según la presencia o ausencia de RT, evaluada a partir de la diferencia de puntajes en el reporte de bienestar de los consultantes entre la primera y la cuarta sesión, a través del Cuestionario de Autoreporte de Resultados (Outcome Questionnaire -OQ-45.2.-). Y el grado en que la actividad de los terapeutas se enfocó en la Activación de Recursos (AR) se evaluó mediante el Wirkfaktoren-K (WIFA-K. Factores de Efectividad de Klaus Grawe) para jueces independientes. Posteriormente, se realizó una prueba t de varianzas desiguales de Welch, a partir de los promedios de puntajes de la AR en ambos grupos. Resultados: se encontraron diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos; específicamente, los terapeutas del grupo Con RT dedicaron tres veces más tiempo de la sesión a trabajar en la AR que los del grupo Sin RT. Adicionalmente, se ofrece evidencia detallada respecto de la variación del foco en la AR a lo largo de la sesión y la proporción en que distintos contenidos relacionados con la AR son abordados en ambos grupos. Objective: the objective of this paper is to determine the differences in the degree to which therapists focus their interventions on activating clients' resources during the first session of psychotherapy processes with and without Early Therapeutic Outcomes (ETO), and to characterize these interventions. Method: a sample of 32 outpatient psychotherapy processes was collected, carried out in routine service delivery contexts and conducted by therapists with different theoretical orientations. The therapies were grouped according to the presence or absence of ETO, evaluated from the difference in well-being reported by clients between the first and fourth session, through the Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45.2; Lambert et al.,1996). To assess the extent to which the therapists' activity focused on RA in both groups, the Wirkfaktoren-K (Klaus Grawe Effectiveness Factors; von Consbruch et al., 2013) instrument was used by independent judges. Subsequently, a Welch's t-test of unequal variances was performed, based on the averages of AR scores, between both groups. Results: significant differences were found between both groups. Specifically, therapists in the "With ETO" group spent 3 times more minutes working on RA than those in the "Without ETO" group. In addition, detailed evidence is provided on the variation of the focus on RA throughout the session and the proportion in which different RA-related content is addressed in both groups.
  • Effect of a neuropsychological rehabilitation program focused on executive
           functions in a case of multiple sclerosis

    • Abstract: Resumen La esclerosis múltiple es una enfermedad desmielinizante, inflamatoria, neurodegenerativa y autoinmune, que puede ocasionar alteraciones neuropsicológicas. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer el efecto de un programa de rehabilitación neuropsicológica enfocado en las funciones ejecutivas en un caso con esta patología. Para esto, se planteó un diseño de caso único, experimental y de no reversión A-B en una mujer de 69 años de edad, con esclerosis múltiple remitente-recurrente desde hace 23 años, estado funcional EDSS de 1 y trastorno neurocognitivo menor de tipo disejecutivo. El plan de rehabilitación estuvo conformado por 12 sesiones con una frecuencia semanal, se realizaron tres mediciones de línea base y cuatro mediciones durante el proceso de intervención mediante el Cuestionario Disejecutivo (DEX-Sp). Los resultados de la línea base indicaron que la paciente poseía una alteración disejecutiva importante y estable. En el proceso de intervención se observó una mejora progresiva de los síntomas disejecutivos de la paciente, es decir, presentó un patrón de cambio temporal que impactó tanto su funcionamiento cognitivo como sus actividades cotidianas. En la última medición la paciente obtuvo una puntuación en el límite bajo de los rangos de normalidad, lo cual da cuenta de su mejor desempeño cognitivo a partir de la realización del programa de rehabilitación neuropsicológica. Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating, inflammatory, neurodegenerative and autoimmune disease and as a consequence it can have neuropsychological alterations. The aim of this study was to establish the effect of a neuropsychological rehabilitation program, focused on executive functions, in a case with this pathology. For this, an experimental, non-A-B reversal single case design was proposed in a 69-year-old woman with 23 years of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, functional status EDSS of 1 and mild neurocognitive disorder of the dysexecutive type. The rehabilitation plan had 12 sessions with a weekly frequency, 3 baseline measurements, and 4 measurements during the intervention process with the dysexective questionnaire (DEX-Sp). The results of the baseline, showed that the patient had a significant and stable dysexective disorder. In the intervention process, a progressive improvement of dysexective symptoms was observed, that is, there was a pattern of temporal change that impacted both her cognitive functioning and her daily activities. In the last measurement, a score in the lower limit of the normality range was obtained, which shows a cognitive improvement related to the patient neuropsychological rehabilitation program conducted.
  • Emotional dysregulation and risk level for consumption of psychoactive
           substances in Colombian university students

    • Abstract: Resumen El consumo de sustancias psicoactivas [SPA] es un problema de salud pública, y constituye uno de los principales factores de riesgo para la salud. Se ha observado que el consumo de SPA está mediado por diferentes variables, una de ellas es la desregulación emocional, y se requiere mayor investigación del comportamiento de esta variable y su relación con los niveles de riesgo asociado al consumo. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar si existen diferencias en la desregulación emocional según el nivel de riesgo asociado al consumo de sustancias en una muestra de universitarios. Para tal efecto se adelantó un estudio descriptivo por comparación de grupos con una muestra de 721 estudiantes. Los resultados indicaron altas prevalencias de consumo de SPA; diferencias en los puntajes de desregulación emocional según el nivel de riesgo para tranquilizantes y cocaína, y que, a nivel general, aquellos universitarios con menor nivel de riesgo son quienes presentan menores puntajes de desregulación emocional, lo que sugiere que la desregulación emocional es una variable predictora de un mayor nivel de riesgo asociado al consumo de SPA. The use of psychoactive substances is a public health problem, and it is one of the main health risk factors. It has been observed that the use of drugs is mediated by different variables, one of them is the emotional dysregulation, and more research is required on the behavior of this variable and its relationship with the levels of risk in the consumption. The aim of this study was to determine whether there are differences in emotional dysregulation according to the level of risk associated with substance use in a sample of 721 university students. For this purpose, a descriptive study was carried out by comparing groups. The results indicated high prevalence of PAS consumption, differences in emotional dysregulation scores according to the risk level for tranquilizer pills and cocaine. In general, the students with a lower risk level are those who present lower emotional dysregulation scores, suggesting that emotional dysregulation is a predictor variable of a higher level of risk associated with PAS consumption.
  • Perceived risk associated with the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and
           marijuana: differences according to use and gender

    • Abstract: Resumen El consumo de alcohol, tabaco y marihuana presenta una alta prevalencia entre adultos emergentes universitarios. Una variable que incide en el consumo de estas tres sustancias psicoactivas es la percepción de riesgo asociada a dicha conducta. Este estudio examinó -en adultos emergentes universitarios argentinos- la relación bi o multivariada, entre el riesgo percibido de consumir alcohol, tabaco y marihuana, y el consumo propiamente dicho de estas sustancias. Se analizaron también variaciones en la percepción de riesgo en función del sexo y del tipo de consumo (con y sin consumo episódico excesivo de alcohol [CEEA], con y sin consumo de tabaco o marihuana). La muestra final, no probabilística y de carácter accidental, estuvo compuesta por 279 estudiantes universitarios (75.6% mujeres; M edad = 23.02; DE = 3.36) que completaron un cuestionario online. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en la percepción de riesgo (global y para indicadores individuales) en función del sexo y del tipo de consumo. A su vez, el sexo (i.e., ser hombre) y la mayor frecuencia de CEEA, de consumo de tabaco y marihuana se asociaron a la percepción de un menor riesgo atribuido al consumo de cada sustancia. Los hallazgos sugieren que las conductas de consumo frecuente e intensivo podrían ser el foco de intervenciones para corregir posibles sesgos en la interpretación o valoración del riesgo percibido. Alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana consumption is highly prevalent among emerging adult college students. One of the variables influencing the consumption of these three psychoactive substances is the perception of risk associated with such behavior. This work examined bivariate and multivariate relationships between risk perception of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, and the use of those substances, in Argentinian emerging adults that attend college. Additionally, we analyzed differences in risk perception in regards of gender. A sample of 279 college students (75.6% women; M age = 23.02; SD = 3.36) completed an online survey. We used a non-probabilistic and accidental sampling. We found significant differences in risk perception as a function of gender and type of consumption (i.e., with/without heavy episodic drinking [HED], with or without tobacco/marijuana use). Being men and exhibiting a higher frequency of HED, tobacco or marijuana consumption were significantly associated to the perception of a lower risk attributed to each substance. These findings suggests that frequent and intensive substance use behaviors could be the focus for interventions to correct risk perceptions.
  • Confirmatory factor analysis of the Verbal Identity Fusion Scale in a
           Chilean sample

    • Abstract: Resumen La fusión de identidad consiste en un sentimiento de unión con un grupo, en el que el individuo experimenta una mezcla entre su identidad personal y la social; y es un buen predictor de la conducta extrema progrupo. El presente estudio analizó la estructura factorial de la Escala verbal de fusión de identidad elaborada por Gómez et al. (2011), en una muestra chilena. Se utilizó una muestra universitaria seleccionada por conveniencia de 411 participantes (66% mujeres) con una edad media de 24.45 años (DT = 5.89). Se analizó el ajuste unifactorial y bifactorial de la Escala a través del análisis factorial, y las respectivas confiabilidades. Los resultados indicaron un buen y mejor ajuste del modelo bifactorial (χ 2/gl = 3.34, p < .001, CFI = .975, TLI = .957, SRMR = .030, y RMSEA = .085), por sobre el unifactorial, que no mostró un buen ajuste (χ 2/gl = 5.26, p < .001, CFI = .946, TLI = .919, SRMR = .042, y RMSEA = .116). Ambos modelos contaron con altas confiabilidades (> .800). Se discutió sobre el mejor ajuste de la estructura bifactorial en relación con estudios realizados en Estados Unidos, España y población inmigrante en Chile. Se proyecta la necesidad de futuros estudios que incorporen otros análisis de validez y superen la limitación del presente estudio asociada al uso de una muestra no representativa. Identity fusion consists in a form alignment with a group and is a significant predictor of extreme pro-group behavior. The present study analyzed the factor structure of the verbal scale of identity fusion developed by Gómez et al. (2011), in a Chilean sample. A Chilean university sample by convenience of 411 participants (66% women) with a mean age of 24.45 years (SD = 5.89) was used. One-factor and two-factor fit of the scale was analyzed through factor analysis, and the respective reliabilities. The results indicated a good and better fit of the two-factor (χ2/gl = 3.34, p < .001, CFI = .975, TLI = .957, SRMR = .030, and RMSEA = .085), than the one-factor model, which did not show a good fit (χ2/gl = 5.26, p < .001, CFI = .946, TLI = .919, SRMR = .042, and RMSEA = .116). Both models had high reliabilities (> .800). The better fit of the two-factor structure was discussed in relation to studies conducted in the United States, Spain, and an immigrant population in Chile. The need for future studies incorporating other validity analyses and overcoming the limitation of the present study associated with the use of a non-representative sample is projected.
  • Psychometric Properties of the Proactive Personality Scale in
           schoolteachers in Lima (Peru)

    • Abstract: Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Personalidad Proactiva en una muestra de profesores de escuelas de Lima (Perú). Participaron 302 profesores de ambos sexos (72.20 % mujeres) seleccionados a través de un muestreo no probabilístico de tipo intencional, cuyas edades estaban en el rango de 24 a 65 años (M = 43.04, DE = 10.75) y que enseñaban en los niveles educativos de educación primaria y secundaria (75.83 % en educación secundaria). Además de la Escala de Personalidad Proactiva, se aplicó la Escala Sentimiento de Autoeficacia en el Profesor para evaluar la validez convergente. Los resultados indican que la Escala de Personalidad Proactiva se ajusta a una estructura unifactorial (CFI = .949, TLI = .934, RMSEA = .076 y SRMR = .044), se evidencian correlaciones estadísticamente significativas (p < .001) y un tamaño del efecto mediano (rs > .10) con la mayoría de las dimensiones de la Escala Sentimiento de Autoeficacia, y presenta una adecuada consistencia interna (ω = .89). Se concluye que la Escala de Personalidad Proactiva cuenta con evidencias de validez basada en la estructura interna, validez convergente y una fiabilidad adecuada para medir la personalidad proactiva en profesores de escuela. The objective was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Proactive Personality Scale in a sample of teachers from schools in Lima (Peru). Participants were 302 teachers of both sexes (72.20% women) selected through a non-probabilistic sampling of intentional type, whose ages were in the range from 24 to 65 (M = 43.04, DE = 10.75) and who taught at the educational levels of primary and secondary education (75.83% in secondary education). In addition to the Proactive Personality Scale, the Teachers Self Efficacy Scale was applied to assess convergent validity. The results indicate that the Proactive Personality Scale was adjusted to a unifactorial structure (CFI = .949, TLI = .934, RMSEA = .076 y SRMR = .044), there are statistically significant correlations (p <.001) and with a mean effect size (rs> .10) with most of the dimensions of self-efficacy feeling and adequate internal consistency (.89). The Proactive Personality Scale has evidence of validity based on internal structure, convergent validity, and adequate reliability to measure proactive personality in schoolteachers.
  • Childhood and care practices in the field of child and youth mental health

    • Abstract: Resumo Neste trabalho, discute-se como a noção de infância vai se constituindo nas narrativas de profissionais de saúde que atuam em Centros de Atenção Psicossociais Infantojuvenis (Capsi) e que discursos sobre as infâncias se organizam, desdobrando-se nas ações de cuidado às crianças nos serviços de saúde mental. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativo-exploratória, baseada em entrevistas semiestruturadas, observações participantes e diários de campo, discutidas através da análise temática. Como resultados desse processo, observa-se uma romantização da infância que perpassa a construção do cuidado nos serviços de saúde; a dificuldade da equipe quanto à decisão sobre o que é demanda de Capsi e o que não se enquadra na população adscrita frente à complexidade dos impactos sociais que implicam o diagnóstico; e a ênfase na medicalização em detrimento da construção de ações de caráter psicossocial. This paper discusses how the notion of childhood is built in the narrative of Psychosocial Care Centers (Capsi) and which discourses on childhood are articulated and extended to the actions for children care in mental health services. It is a qualitative-exploratory research, based on semi structured interviews, participant observations and field notes, from the theme analysis. As results of this process, it is possible to notice a romantic view of childhood which goes through the constructions of care in the health services; the team difficulty in deciding which is the Capsi demand and which does not adjust to the ascribed population in the face of the complexity of the social impact implied by the diagnosis; and the emphasis on medicalization to the detriment in the construction of psychosocial nature actions.Resumen En este trabajo se discute como se constituye la noción de infancia en las narrativas de los profesionales de la salud que actúan con niños en los Centros de Atención Psicosocial Infantil y Juvenil (Capsi) y qué discursos sobre la infancia se organizan y extienden a las acciones de cuidado de los niños en los servicios de salud mental. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa exploratoria, basada en entrevistas semiestructuradas, observaciones participantes y diarios de campo, que luego son discutidos mediante un análisis temático. Como resultados de ese proceso, se observa una “romantización” de la infancia que permea la construcción del cuidado en los servicios de salud; la dificultad del equipo para decidir cuál es la demanda de los Capsi y que no se ajusta a la población adscrita frente a la complejidad del impacto social que implica el diagnóstico; y el énfasis en la medicalización en detrimento de la construcción de acciones de carácter psicosocial.
  • Positive school climate from the conceptual framework of Developmental and
           Educational Psychology

    • Abstract: Resumen La promoción de la convivencia escolar es una tarea imprescindible en las escuelas del siglo XXI, que, aparte de la enseñanza del contenido académico, están llamadas a preparar para la vida y prevenir la violencia. Aunque se reconozca la importancia de la convivencia escolar y se hayan implementado diversos programas para su promoción, todavía es necesario profundizar en el conocimiento de las bases psicológicas que fundamentan el quehacer de las escuelas en relación con la convivencia. Por ello, en el presente artículo se pretende delimitar el concepto de convivencia escolar y se propone un modelo de convivencia escolar basado en los conocimientos de la Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación. Se trata de un modelo en el que la convivencia escolar se nutre de factores personales y contextuales para la prevención de la violencia y promoción de la ciudadanía y la paz. Con este propósito, se realiza una revisión de literatura científica sobre diversos componentes de la convivencia escolar y su desarrollo normativo en el alumnado, y una propuesta de su promoción a través de la educación. La convivencia se conceptualiza desde una perspectiva positiva a partir de la promoción de conductas prosociales. Fostering a positive school climate is a crucial task of the 21st century schools which, besides teaching academic skills, need to prepare for life and prevent violence. Although the importance of a positive school climate is broadly recognized, and there are numerous programs for its promotion, it is still necessary to increase knowledge on the psychological bases for educational practice in relation to a positive school climate. This article provides a theoretical basis to understand the concept and a model of a positive school climate based on developmental and educational Psychology. In this model, school climate is a combination of personal and contextual factors that make it possible to prevent violence and promote citizenship and peace. A literature review focused on different components of a positive school climate and their normative development in students is presented together with suggestions for its promotion. A school climate is conceptualized from a positive perspective based on the promotion of prosocial behaviour.
  • The problem of one's own death: reflections between philosophy and

    • Abstract: Resumen Este artículo se propone retomar el problema de la muerte propia, aquella que Freud consideró como imposible de representar. Este trabajo apunta a mostrar que, aunque sea irrepresentable, el análisis puede y debe producir un cierto saber sobre la muerte. Se toma como base la idea lacaniana de que una ética del deseo obliga al sujeto a entrar en ese lugar que el autor llamó “entre dos muertes” y que hace de la muerte simbólica un dato previo a la muerte real. Se revisan los aportes de Sócrates y Heidegger sobre la posición ética frente a la muerte propia, con el propósito de mostrar las convergencias y divergencias entre estos autores y Lacan. Finalmente, con el objetivo de mostrar que existen observables clínicos de que el análisis produce un cambio de posición a este respecto, se examinan los sueños de varios psicoanalistas que han publicado el relato de su experiencia de análisis. Se concluye que los indicadores de este cambio de posición son principalmente el planteo del tema de los asuntos pendientes y la necesidad de los actos resolutivos. This article approaches the issue of one's own death, the one considered by Freud as something impossible to represent. This paper has as a purpose to show that, although unrepresentable, analysis can and should generate certain knowledge about death. The Lacanian idea is taken as a basis that an ethic of desire forces the subject to enter that place called by the author "between two deaths" that turns symbolic death a prior data to real death. The contributions of Socrates and Heidegger on the ethical position towards one's own death are reviewed, in order to show the convergences and divergences between these authors and Lacan. Finally, aiming at showing there are clinical facts that indicate that the analysis produces a change of position in this regard, the dreams of several psychoanalysts who have published their experience of analysis are examined. It is concluded that the indicators for this change of position are mainly the issue statement of unresolved matters and the need for resolutive acts.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
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