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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 1082 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academic Psychiatry and Psychology Journal : APPJ     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 497)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Aging Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 308)
An-Nafs : Jurnal Fakultas Psikologi     Open Access  
Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analogías del Comportamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 99)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 364)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anuario de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología     Open Access  
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario Pilquen : Sección Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 263)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aprender     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Archives of Depression and Anxiety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy Online     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Augmented Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavior and Social Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 238)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioural Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Beyond Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brain Science Advances     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 236)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Buletin Psikologi     Open Access  
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers d’Études sur la Représentation     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Art Therapy : Research, Practice, and Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
CES Psicología     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Coaching Psykologi : The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Community Psychology in Global Perspective     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Psychoneuroendocrinology     Open Access  
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Consumer Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Contemporary Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Crime Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
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Behavior and Social Issues
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1064-9506 - ISSN (Online) 2376-6786
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2658 journals]
  • Decreasing Contraceptive Response Effort to Decrease Unwanted Pregnancies
           in At-Risk Women

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: This paper details the success of using long-active reversible contraception (LARC) to prevent unwanted pregnancies in at-risk women. This paper describes the efferctiveness of LARCs when compared to other birth control methods in terms of motivation and response effort.
      PubDate: 2019-09-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00007-w
       
  • Correction to: Inherent Tensions and Possibilities: Behavior Analysis and
           Cultural Responsiveness

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      Abstract: The captions for Figures 1 and 2 are correct, but the artwork currently above the Figure 2 caption belongs above the Figure 1 caption; and the artwork currently above the Figure 1 caption belongs above the Figure 2 caption. The original article has been corrected.
      PubDate: 2019-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00013-y
       
  • Delay and Probability Discounting of Legal Outcomes

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      Abstract: Legal consequences, including incarceration and contact with the criminal justice system, dramatically impact the lives of many individuals and their families. Though approximately 95% of convictions in state courts are resolved by defendants’ guilty pleas, and the majority of guilty pleas are reached via plea bargaining, there have been relatively few empirical studies assessing the impact of impulsive and risky decision-making strategies in plea-bargaining arrangements. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the degree to which the magnitude of potential legal consequences and the type of legal consequence (prison time vs. sex-offender registration and notification requirements) affect discounting of hypothetical legal consequences as a function of changes in (a) the probability of receiving the consequence or (b) the delay to receiving the consequence in a sample of 486 undergraduates. Overall, participants were more impulsive when plea bargains involved sex-offender registration and notification consequences compared to only prison time. For both prison time and sex-offender registration, participants were less impulsive when they were facing larger potential sentences (e.g., 1-year sentence vs. 25-year sentence). Additionally, participants discounted legal outcomes at different rates based on the probability of conviction, with no differences in discounting observed across consequence type (i.e., prison time and sex-offender registration) or magnitude (e.g., 1-year sentence vs. 25-year sentence).
      PubDate: 2019-04-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00011-0
       
  • Inherent Tensions and Possibilities: Behavior Analysis and Cultural
           Responsiveness

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      Abstract: The demographics of the United States, and of the world, are rapidly changing; national and racial diversity is increasing and bifurcation of socioeconomic status continues. These societal patterns highlight the tensions and hopeful possibilities inherent in the science and practice of behavior analysis. In this paper, we review the general climate surrounding diverse populations and access to care, characterize the demographics of behavior analysis and leadership, and discuss the synergistic activities two related disciplines, public health and anthropology, may contribute toward social justice. We conclude with recommendations and goals for increasing cultural responsiveness in the study and practice of behavior analysis. Such responsiveness is likely to allow advances in our understanding of how behavior changes and what meaning those changes have for individuals and society.
      PubDate: 2019-04-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00010-1
       
  • The Effects of Punishment in Laboratory Microcultures

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      Abstract: The purpose of the present two experiments was to evaluate the effects on laboratory microcultures of (a) individual punishment and (b) punishment dependent on group performance. Each experiment involved a single session divided into successive trials. People’s tasks on each trial consisted of choosing rows in a 10 × 10 colored matrix. Consequences were delivered after each trial depending on individuals’ choices (Experiment 1) or on their choices’ aggregated product at the group level (Experiment 2). Experiment 1 showed reliable effects of individual punishment on individual target responding. Experiment 2 showed reliable effects of a group-level analog of punishment on the emission of a target culturant. We discuss some implications of these findings for current concepts of operant behavior and cultural change.
      PubDate: 2019-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00004-z
       
  • Briefing the Canadian Government on Experimental Voter Policy: Lessons
           Learned

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      PubDate: 2019-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00008-9
       
  • Effects of Continuous and Intermittent Cultural Consequences on Culturants
           in Metacontingency Concurrent With Operant Contingency

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      Abstract: Previous research has shown that both intermittent and continuous presentations of cultural consequences (CCs) select and maintain target culturants. Some relevant cultural phenomena in complex societies may involve concurrency between individual consequences and intermittent CCs, such as high rates of absenteeism among hospital employees, and team coordination of attendants’ service for victims of domestic violence. Understanding the underlying processes related to these phenomena can provide knowledge to intervene in social issues. The present study evaluated the effects of continuous and intermittent (Variable-ratio 3-VR3) CCs on culturants in conditions of concurrent and non concurrent operant contingencies and metacontingencies. Ninety-three undergraduate students were distributed into four microcultures. Experimenters planned two microcultures with a condition of CCs in VR3, followed by a condition of suspension of CCs (no CCs), and two microcultures with CCs in Continuous reinforcement (CRF), followed by no CCs. In CCs in VR3, each third occurrence of the target culturant, on average, produced one CC. In CCs in CRF, every occurrence of the target culturant generated one CC. Microcultures without concurrency showed selective effects of CCs on target culturants, whereas microcultures with concurrency did not show occurrences of the target culturants. These data are discussed in terms of the effect of the concurrent variable across microcultures and by contrast with previous literature, particularly regarding important methodological difference between studies, such as verbal feedback from the researcher and/or experimental apparatus and highlighting the importance of verbal variables in complex social contexts.
      PubDate: 2019-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00009-8
       
  • Learning from Experimental Communities Using Behavioral Systems Analysis

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      Abstract: Many threats society faces are self-engineered, with modifiable behaviors linked to reducing their potential harm for future generations. These challenging issues do not have transparent solutions, because an experimental analysis of behavior has not been functionally applied to larger group units. Mainstream society is a most complex form of group behavior, and single-subject research hides interactivity, but there is a middle ground. Relevant comparisons could be more easily made using smaller experimental communities that thrive by integrating into their ecosystem. This article describes how two behaviorally-inspired experimental communities function as total performance systems and provides suggestions for future analyses.
      PubDate: 2019-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00005-y
       
  • On the Function of Science: an Overview of 30 Years of Publications
           on Metacontingency

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      Abstract: How effective has the concept of metacontingency been in providing explanations about cultural practices during the 30 years (1986–2016) since Glenn’s first publication on the subject' One of the main characteristics of behavior analysis epistemology is in the role attributed to science itself: to promote effective action. Effectiveness, in this case, is evaluated by the increase in probability of contacting reinforcing consequences in our interactions with the world (bio-, psycho- or social-) as a function of the knowledge produced by scientific practices. In other words, scientific effectiveness is related to the use of science in solving human problems. Guided by this premise, the aim of this article is to discuss the effectiveness of the metacontingency in explaining social processes (cultural practices) and in promoting effective action (i.e., solving human problems). An analysis of 148 articles on the metacontingency published between January 1986 and April 2017 in 16 peer-reviewed journals and 3 databases was conducted. Articles were categorized into four domains - theoretical, interpretative, experimental, and applied. The frequency with which the articles were distributed among domains, journals, and research centers is presented; as well as considerations regarding conceptual, experimental, and applied issues found in the reviewed literature. The results suggest that the very definition of the metacontingency is still an open question, that the experimental data do not necessarily support the major conceptual claim related to the metacontingency (i.e., that we are dealing with a new selective process that requires a proper unit of analysis), and that no applied work in which the metacontingency was necessary has been conducted to date. These results question the utility of metacontingency as well as the necessity of a new unit of analysis (beyond the contingency) to study cultural practices.
      PubDate: 2019-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-00006-x
       
  • Societal Well-Being: Embedding Nudges in Sustainable Cultural Practices

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      Abstract: This study provides a behavior-analytic framework for a previous nudging experiment from Kallbekken and Sælen (Economics Letters 119(3), 325–327, 2013). We are concerned with achieving societal well-being from a selection-of-cultures perspective, and we call for increasing synergies between the 2 fields. The original experiment achieved a 20% reduction in food waste among restaurant customers by implementing 2 independent nudges: reducing plate size and socially approving multiple servings. We use this experiment as an example to introduce an analysis of the social contingencies (metacontingencies) responsible for not only establishing but also maintaining sustainable behavioral repertoires. We show how reducing food waste can be a simple, economic, effective example of a behavioral intervention when programmed with contingencies of cooperation. Furthermore, we generalize our model to social architectures that create and sustain cultural practices. Namely, our model addresses the long-term effects of nudging as a result of cooperation between stakeholders and how these effects are maintained by feedback loops. Whereas the aggregate effect of individual choice behavior can affect food consumption significantly, it may not suffice to change an enduring cultural practice. We argue that a behavior-analytic approach in studying complex systems informs nudging applications at the policy-making level.
      PubDate: 2019-02-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-0002-x
       
  • The Bolsa Família Program and Cultural Design: Behavioral Interpretations
           of Cultural Interventions

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      Abstract: Cultural design is a behavior analysis–based cultural intervention that aims for cultural practices selection by way of short-term improvements in living conditions and that results in long-term culture survival. This article uses the cultural design concept to discuss the Bolsa Família Program’s potential and consequences. To this end, the text of laws, guidelines of the Ministry of Social Development and the Fight Against Hunger (MDS), and commentary on the creation and implementation of the program were examined. Then, the Bolsa Família Program was analyzed using the following analytical categories of cultural design: (a) prior environmental changes, (b) cultural practices, (c) consequences that maintain these cultural practices in the short term, and (d) long-term results of these cultural practices. The Bolsa Família Program facilitates selecting for the cultural practices targeted by the intervention through environmental changes that have immediate effects and long-term results favorable to beneficiaries. Thus, even with shortcomings in its operation, the Bolsa Família Program meets the requirements to be considered a cultural design strategy.
      PubDate: 2019-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-0003-9
       
  • Tutorial: Selection of Cultures and the Role of Recurrent Contingencies
           and Interlocking Behavioral Contingencies

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      Abstract: The interplay between a population’s traits and environmental events feeds evolution by natural selection. These traits may vary from innate predispositions to acquire specific behavioral topographies to the ability to learn through local environmental changes (operant behavior). Thus, learning capability is historically inseparable from evolution by natural selection. In humans, besides inheriting behavioral predispositions and the ability to acquire novel behavioral repertoires, learning is dependent on social learning of culturally transmitted practices. Cultural practices are selected by environmental events as a function of their adaptive value to the group and also enhance members’ adaptive capability. Within a verbal community, individuals cooperate and coordinate their behavior, producing environmental changes that would not be possible otherwise. Those cooperative and coordinated responses are under the control of the verbal community’s sets of contingencies (i.e., culture), which also evolve over time. In this paper, the coevolutionary processes involving natural selection, selection of operant behavior, and selection of cultures (environmental settings) will be discussed within a behavior-analytic perspective. A special focus will be given to interlocking behavioral contingencies (IBCs) involved in maintaining and transmitting practices (controlling IBCs) and in the verbal community’s joint efforts (execution IBCs).
      PubDate: 2019-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s42822-019-0001-y
       
  • Variation, Selection, and Social Action

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      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.5210/bsi.v27i0.8275
       
  • The Venus Project and Behavioral Science

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      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.5210/bsi.v27i0.8247
       
  • Addressing Behaviors That Lead to Sharing Fake News

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      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.5210/bsi.v27i0.8186
       
  • Alabama Psychiatric Medication Review Team (APMRT): Advocating for Foster
           Children

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      Abstract: Foster care children who engage in challenging behavior are likely to receive psychotropic medication as the primary intervention to reduce their behavior. These children are more likely to receive multiple psychotropic medications from the same class or three or more medications to treat a given behavioral condition, a practice called polypharmacy. In response to this practice, federal legislation mandated states to monitor psychotropic medication prescriptions to foster care children. Consequently, the Deputy Director of the Alabama Department of Human Resources proposed the development of a behavioral health professional team, collectively known as the Alabama Psychiatric Medication Review Team (APMRT). The APMRT was tasked with developing application and safety guidelines for prescribers and determining the extent to which behavioral interventions are a cost-effective alternative for managing problem behavior. This paper briefly outlines APMRT’s general strategies, describes the team members’ roles, and discusses future directions.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.5210/bsi.v27i0.8298
       
  • Collaborative efforts by the Auburn University Applied Behavior Analysis
           Program in the Treatment of Adolescents Adjudicated for Illegal Sexual
           Behavior

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      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.5210/bsi.v27i0.8267
       
  • Expanding the Behavior-Analytic Meanings of “Freedom”: the
           Contributions of Israel Goldiamond

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      Abstract: The adoption of determinism and the use of the term “control” when referring to relations of influence between environment and the actions of organisms seem to suggest that there is no room for freedom in behavioral science. Nevertheless, some behavior analysts have articulated meanings of the word “freedom” that are wholly consistent with the epistemological assumptions of radical behaviorism. Some of these meanings, like those elaborated by Skinner, Baum and Catania, are relatively well-known in the behavior-analytical community and had some measure of conceptual or practical impact. In order to expand the possible behavior-analytic meanings of “freedom,” this article aimed to revisit and discuss a unique and little-known formulation on the subject elaborated by Israel Goldiamond. To these ends, we present (a) Goldiamond’s first remarks on freedom; (b) his subsequent proposal of a nonlinear behavior analysis; (c) the concepts of degrees of freedom, degrees of coercion and “genuine choice”; and (d) the types of coercion identified by Goldiamond that ultimately limit freedom in different social contexts. This is followed by a discussion on how and to what extent Goldiamond’s formulation constitutes an expansion of the behavior-analytic meanings of “freedom.” Similarities and differences between Goldiamond´s formulations and those of Skinner, Baum and Catania are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.5210/bsi.v27i0.8248
       
  • Effects of Verbal and Non-Verbal Cultural Consequences on Culturants

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      Abstract: Experiments about the effects of cultural consequences (CCs) upon culturants (IBCs+APs) suggest an important role of two specific variables: competition between operant contingencies and metacontingencies, and the antecedent and consequent verbal events to the participants’ behavior. The present study manipulated the presentation of verbal (VCCs) and non-verbal (NVCCs) cultural consequences, examining their effects on culturants under conditions of competition and no competition between operant contingencies and metacontingencies. One hundred and twenty-three college students composed four microcultures. We programmed two microcultures with an ABABCD design and two microcultures with a BABACD format. Competition and noncompetition between operant contingencies and metacontingencies were also manipulated. In Condition A verbal and nonverbal cultural consequences were contingent on target culturants; in Condition B there were only nonverbal cultural consequences; in Condition C only verbal cultural consequences were presented; and in Condition D there was no cultural consequence programmed. Microcultures with no competition exhibited more stable rates of target-culturants. Verbal and non-verbal cultural consequences, operating in conjunction, selected and maintained target-culturants whether or not competition was operating. Verbal cultural consequences in isolation also had a selective effect, provided that they were not associated with non-verbal cultural consequences in the previous condition. Non-verbal cultural consequences in isolation selected target culturants only in the absence of competition, but maintained them whether or not competition was operating. In the absence of cultural consequences, the rate of target culturants decreased. Verbal variables defined as verbal cultural consequences showed differential effects that need consideration and additional investigations.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.5210/bsi.v27i0.8252
       
  • A Behavioral Economic Approach to Green Consumerism: Demand for Reusable
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      Abstract: The success of behavioral economics is underscored by its emerging role in informing public policy. While applied behavioral economics has almost exclusively investigated pharmacological issues or the reinforcing efficacy of stimuli used in educational and clinical settings, we propose that this technology can be applied to the understanding and promotion of sustainable purchases in the American marketplace. Many communities have begun to adopt measures promoting such sustainable purchasing, but a conceptual understanding of proper pricing for these “green” products is lacking. An empirical foundation upon which to model prices can aid in generating revenue for distributors while simultaneously nudging sustainable decision-making on the part of the consumer. This report describes a study that successfully translates behavioral economic concepts to demand for sustainable products. A secondary contribution is the demonstration of relations between behavioral economic demand indices and scores on the New Ecological Paradigm Scale (i.e., construct validity), a renowned scale used by environmental psychologists and ecological economists.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.5210/bsi.v27i0.8003
       
 
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