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Dhammathas Academic Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1513-5845
Published by Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Homepage  [5 journals]
  • The Forest Conservation Model According to Buddhist Ethics of Loei
           Provincial Sangha

    • Authors: Boonyawat Boontawong, Suwin Thongpan, Jaras Leeka
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: The objectives of this research were: 1) to study the forest situation and forest conservation of temples in Loei Province; 2) to study Buddhist ethics in forest conservation; 3) to create a model of forest conservation according to Buddhist ethics of Loei Provincial Sangha. This study was carried out by means of qualitative research through studying information from the Tipitaka, academic papers, and related research. There were 38 key informants. The obtained data were interpreted by descriptive analysis based on an inductive method.
      The research results were as follows:
      1. The situation of forests and forest conservation of temples in Loei Province: forests in Loei Province began to disappear due to five main reasons: (1) population increase, (2) urban expansion, (3) use of modern technology, (4) construction of various buildings and (5) the need for areas for agriculture and livestock. Therefore, it is necessary to plant forests and take care of and maintain forests.
      2. Buddhist ethics in forest conservation: Buddhist ethics is the principle of behavior that humans should treat human beings and the environment. The principles of Buddhist ethics used in forest conservation to achieve fertility are the Four Sammappadhāna and Four Sappāya.
      3. The model of forest conservation according to Buddhist ethics of the Sangha of Loei Province: there was a model that applied two Buddhist ethics principles: the Four Sammappadhāna and Four Sappāya to create three models of forest conservation of the Loei Provincial Sangha: afforestation, forest care, and forest maintenance leading to stability and sustainability.
      PubDate: 2023-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • [SUCCESS IS A JOURNEY]: Conceptual Metaphors on Pantip.com Website

    • Authors: Pongwisit Panattha, Pakapot Thiamthan
      Pages: 19 - 30
      Abstract: The research article aimed to analyze metaphorical words reflecting the metaphor concept of success as a journey in Thai according to Lakoff and Johnson's conceptual metaphors. The research applied a qualitative method. The findings were presented by using a descriptive analysis method, and were analyzed by the use of Lakoff and Johnson's conceptual metaphors. The data was collected from 38 chatrooms on Pantip.com website.
      The study found: 133 metaphorical statements about success as a journey. The metaphors that appeared had meanings related to travel in 5 characteristics, consisting of travel characteristics, travel places, travel directions, travel distances, and travel routes. The metaphors that appeared were related to travel in 5 ways, which helped to reflect the human thinking system that is connected by having a source domain or a concrete analogy is a journey and a target domain or an abstract analogy that is a success. In addition, the metaphors helped to reflect the characteristics of structural metaphor that could compare the elements of source domains and the elements of target domains in pairs. Furthermore, the metaphors also helped to see the perspectives of language users as Pantip.com website represented the language use of people in today’s society that helped to see the perspectives of people in society that were connected to a success, which is something that everyone strives to achieve, and a journey, which is something that everyone is familiar with and well-understood.
      PubDate: 2023-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Phosphate Fertilizer Industry Capacity Reduction Policy in China, Based on
           CGE Model

    • Authors: Yu Qingqing, Chalermchai Panyadee , Somkid Kaewthip , Bongkochmas Ek-lem
      Pages: 31 - 48
      Abstract: This study tries to research phosphate fertilizer industry policy in China by qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis. Based on an analysis of the government's macro policies that have had a significant impact on phosphate fertilizer industry in recent years, as well as the current research situation in relevant fields at home and abroad, a Computable General Equilibrium model for phosphate fertilizer industry in China is constructed through the computable general equilibrium model theory, input-output theory, social accounting matrix theory, and GAMS programming method. Relevant basic data are collected, and a model database is established. A static Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is used to comprehensively evaluate and analyze the impact of export policies and value-added tax policies on relevant variables of phosphate fertilizer industry and macroeconomic. On the one hand, the research expands the development and application of CGE model research methods in China, on the other hand, it achieves a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of phosphate fertilizer export policies and value-added tax policies, and provides a useful reference for government decision-making.
      PubDate: 2023-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The Participatory Process in the Inheritance and Organizing of Cultural
           Activities within the urban area: A Case study of the Sala Lhang Ban,
           Bangkok

    • Authors: Pakamat Leangthanarerk
      Pages: 49 - 62
      Abstract: The objective of this research was to investigate; 1) study the roles of stakeholders involved in participating in the continuation process and organizing activities within urban areas, 2) stakeholder participation process model through the concept of New Public Governance by qualitative research and collecting participant observation data including in-depth interviews. In selecting interviewees by a purposive selection, groups of key informants’ total number are 15 people: the government sector, community, network of community groups, education sector and the private sector.
      The major findings revealed as follows:
      1. Roles of stakeholder’s involved in the process of participating in driving cultural activities, consisting of 1) government agencies drive guidelines and plan activities. 2) People in the community participate in thinking, making decisions, and implementing activities. 3) The Bang Phrom Sub-district Community Network, Taling Chan District, acts similarly to the people in the community. 4) The educational sector jointly suggests activities and support manpower resources, and 5) the private sector support resources and suggest guidelines for carrying out activities.
      2. There are 4 steps in the process of participation in relevant network partners: 1) decision-making process government, 2) implementation of activities, 3) use of resources within the area, 4) the creation of an ecosystem. These forms will be applied to future cultural activities to ensure clarity and sustainability.
      PubDate: 2023-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The Behaviorof Foreign Tourists and Cultural Tourism Phuket

    • Authors: Ekachai Chamnina
      Pages: 63 - 78
      Abstract: This research aims to achieve two primary objectives: 1) to study the level of opinions and 2) to investigate the behavior of foreign tourists regarding cultural tourism in Phuket province. The research adopts a quantitative approach, utilizing a sample group comprising 50 foreign tourists who visited Phuket. The research tool employed is a questionnaire administered through Google Form, and statistical analysis includes mean, frequency, standard deviation, and multiple regression analysis.
      The research findings reveal the following:
      1. Tourists' opinions are correlated with various variables such as gender, age, education level, occupation, work experience, and average monthly income. The statistical significance level is set at 0.05, and the results are reliable at a confidence level of 73.25%, enabling the prediction and forecasting of the travel behavior of foreign tourists in Phuket.
      2. The behavior of foreign tourists regarding cultural tourism in Phuket suggests a direction in creating tourist destinations related to local culture, such as local museums and cultural villages like Koh Raya Village. This is aimed at enhancing unique and creative tourism experiences for visitors seeking to immerse themselves in the local culture. Additionally, Phuket province is actively conserving and promoting the utilization of cultural architecture and local landmarks to provide tourists with distinctive travel experiences. The results of this research have the potential to stimulate the development of tourist destinations and cultural tourism in Phuket in the future.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The Multi-level Factors Affecting the Public Mind of Students in Primary
           Schools under the Offices of Primary Educational Service Area in the
           Northeast of Thailand

    • Authors: Nualprang Lakmee, Phongnimit Pongpinyo, Somkid Sroinam
      Pages: 79 - 96
      Abstract: The purpose of this research are to 1) study the students’ public mind level in Primary Schools under the Offices of Primary Educational Service Area in the Northeast of Thailand, 2) study the student-level, class-level and school-level factors that affect the students’ public mind and 3) construct a multi-level model of factors affecting students’ public mind. This research is quantitative research. The sample comprises 48 administrators, 96 teachers and 1,440 students selected through multi-stage sampling. The research instruments are questionnaires, and data analysis uses percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The multi-level model is analyzed using HLM8.2.
      The research results find that:
      1. The public mind of students under the Offices of Primary Educational Service Area in the Northeast of Thailand is at the highest level.
      2. Regarding student factors find that the parenting of parents, the attitude toward public mind, and the perceived self-efficacy affecting the students’ public mind are statistically significant at the .01 level, while social support is statistically significant at the .05 level. Regarding classroom factors find that teachers’ behavior, the learning and teaching environment, the teaching quality by the teachers, and the relationship between teachers and students affected the students’ public mind at the .05 level of statistical significance. With regard to school factors find that school support significantly affected the students’ public mind at the .01 level.
      3. The multi-level model of factors affecting the students’ public mind is illustrated below:
      PUBLIC = 4.606 + 0.156PARE*CLIM + 0.117ATTI*CLIM
      + 0.400ATTI*BEHA + 0.385ATTI*TEACH + 0.540CAPA*BEHA
      + 0.531CAPA*TEACH + 0.077SUPP + 0.157BEHA + 0.076ENVI
      + 0.161TEACH + 0.78RELA + 0.261PARE + 0.245ATTI
      + 0.063CAPA + 0.070SOCI
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Construction of Cultural Meaning Through Folk Literature: A Case Study of
           the Folk Literature of Say Fong and Phuen Wieng in Transliteration of the
           Palm-leaf Manuscripts at Srichomchuen Temple, Khok Lao Tai Village, Bu Hom
           Sub-district, Chiang Khan District, Loei Province 1

    • Authors: Suratadchanukoon Nunpooban
      Pages: 97 - 110
      Abstract: This study aims to explore and classify literature found in palm-leaf manuscripts, select relevant local literature for transliteration into modern Thai language, and identify cultural meanings of the Isan people through the transliterated texts. It is a qualitative research study, presenting data in a descriptive analysis format. The Diffusionism Theory was employed to uncover cultural meanings embedded in the stories.
      Findings:
      1. A total of 110 literary works were discovered, comprising 477 sets of palm-leaf manuscripts. The manuscripts utilized Thamma-Isaan script, Pali script, Thai Noi script, and current Thai script.
      2. Two stories, namely Sai Phong and Phueng Wiang, were transliterated. These literary works were recorded as having been written in the year 1243 as an offering to Wat Si Chom Chuen. This serves as evidence of the community's identity and the longstanding relationship between the temple and the community.
      3. Through the transliteration of the stories Sai Phong and Phueng Wiang, three cultural meanings were identified: (1) Cultural meanings expressing identity and ethnicity, (2) Spatial cultural meanings, and (3) Cultural meanings associated with Buddhism and ghosts. The data obtained from this study shed light on the people's way of life, economic conditions, and societal concepts during that period. These valuable ancient documents deserve further study and preservation.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • An Analyze White Business Operations from the Perspective of Buddhist
           Ethics of Enterprises in Mueang District Nong Bua Lamphu Province

    • Authors: Wallada Ratthanasiriwarakorn, Phrakhru Bhavanabodhikun , Jaras Leeka, Phramaha Sakon Suparamethee
      Pages: 111 - 126
      Abstract: The research objectives were: 1) to study the white business operation of the enterprises in Muang District, Nong Bua Lamphu Province; 2) to study Buddhist ethics in white business operations; 3) to analyze white business operations from the perspective of Buddhist ethics of enterprises in Mueang District Nong Bua Lamphu Province. This study was carried out by means of the qualitative research methodology through the study of primary information from Tripitaka, secondary data from academic papers, and related research. There were 20 key informants. The obtained data were interpreted by descriptive analysis based on the inductive principle.
      The research results were as follows:
      1. White Business Operations in Nong Bua Lamphu Province faced problems such as people management and capital, which directly affected business operations that do not meet the goals. Therefore, the potential of business operations should be increased to be able to compete effectively with four management principles: people, money, materials, and management which lead to sustainability in business operations.
      2. There are three main principles in Buddhist ethics: not doing evil, doing good, and purifying the mind used to control human behaviors that express physically, verbally, and mentally. The principles of Buddhist ethics used in business operations are Brahmavihāra, Saṅgahavatthu, and Iddhipāda, which lead to white business.
      3. White business operations can occur by bringing Brahmavihāra for self-domination because leaders must behave to be respected by others. Saṅgahavatthu can be used to dominate people by creating good friends with colleagues who are mainly focused on the success of the organization. Iddhipāda can be used to occupy jobs to create personnel to have a love of work with faith as the basis, thus creating a commitment with a mind focused on the work they are responsible for. This is to prevent mistakes that will occur and the work process is monitored regularly. In this way, running a business leads to the success of the goals set.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Students’ Conceptual Understanding on Division with Decimals in
           Mathematics Classroom

    • Authors: Poonsap Thongkhot, Narumon Changsri, Somnuek Worawiset
      Pages: 127 - 138
      Abstract: This research aims to analysis and understand the conceptual knowledge of students about dividing decimals in mathematics classes that uses lesson study classroom through the method of Open Approach. The target group of this research is 15 primary school students in the academic year 1/2020 at Ban Bueng Niam Bueng Krinoon Tha Hin School. This class manages the study by using an open approach method, the research tools used for data collections were: 7 lesson plans in unit 6 about decimal divisions. The data analysis in this research were 1) protocol 2) students' activity sheet 3) field notes records. Data were analyzed according to the conceptual framework of Kilpatrick et al. (2001) The study found that: The results showed that mathematics classrooms that uses lesson study in the method of Open Approach is a teaching method that focuses on problem solving processes. There are lesson plans that allow students to learn on their own. They could gain enlightened understanding knowledge effectively. 1.Understanding Concepts Students demonstrate the principle of decimal division by changing the smallest unit to make decimal numbers into integers and Students show the evidence that the definition of decimal division is to make equal division. 2.Understanding Operations Students show evidence of the mathematical symbols which include addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (×), division (÷) symbols that were used in solving problems. During the process, students can figure out which problem situations should be used with each mathematical symbol. 3. Understanding Relationships Students show the principles of using different patterns that are related to each other to represent a variety of concepts. Students are able to convert decimal numbers to integers through the mathematical relationship of multiplication and division.. They also have discussions with their friends both in the group and in the whole class to present the relationship of decimal division.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Personnel Development Maintains Security by Implementing the Quality
           Management Cycle in Organization (PDCA) Practice

    • Authors: Boonruen Thongthip
      Pages: 139 - 152
      Abstract: The purpose of this research is as follows: 1) to study and understand the issues of personnel development and safety management by examining and comprehending the quality management cycle within the organization, 2) to investigate and analyze the potential for personnel development and safety management using the Quality Management Cycle (PDCA) as a practical tool, 3) to propose guidelines for personnel development and safety management by incorporating the Quality Management Cycle (PDCA) into organizational practices. This involves using data from in-depth interviews and group discussions. The main data sources are divided into three groups. 1) Safety management department managers (5 participants). 2) Personnel related to personnel development and safety management (10 participants). 3) Customers utilizing safety management services (3 participants). With each group containing 10 participants, the total number of participants is 40. This research employs qualitative research techniques, including in-depth interviews and group discussions, to gather and analyze data for a qualitative comparative study.
      The research findings include:
      1. The problem in personnel development for safety management arises from a lack of understanding of the PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) principles in organizational management, leading to inadequate adherence to safety and efficiency protocols.
      2. The analysis of potential in personnel development for safety management utilizes the PDCA cycle: Planning involves setting goals for enhancing safety-oriented knowledge and skills, while Action involves implementing activities according to the plan, such as training programs and creating learning resources. Checking evaluates the outcomes to determine goal achievement and Act involves improvements to future plans or training programs.
      3. Strategies for personnel development in safety management involve utilizing PDCA. Training employs safety-related equipment, skill development for emergency response, and team-building activities to enhance safe work practices.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Learning Leadership Development Model of School Administrators Expanding
           Educational Opportunities, under the Office of the Basic Education
           Commission in the Northeast

    • Authors: Ramida Setthabodee, Suphirun Jantarak, Pornthep Steannoppakao
      Pages: 153 - 170
      Abstract: This research aimed to 1) study the components of learning leadership 2) study the needs to develop learning leadership, 3) create a learning leadership development model, and 4) study the results of using the learning leadership development model of the administrator’s educational opportunity extension schools, under the office of the Basic Education Commission in the Northeast. This research is using an integrated method. The research instruments used for this study were 1) the document analysis and semi-structured interviews were interviews with 7 experts, which were analyzed by content analysis. 2) a 5-level rating scale questionnaire, the sample group was 500 administrators of the educational opportunity extension schools for the academic year 2021, using multi-stage sampling. The questionnaire had an index of item objective congruence (IOC) between 0.80-1.00. There was an index of discrimination between 0.80-100, and a reliability of 0.98. The frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The PNI modified technique was used to analyze the order of needs.
      The research findings were as follows:
      1. There are six components of learning leadership: team learning, the introduction of advanced technology into the operation, creativity, an environment conducive to learning, self-directed learning, and integration.
      2. The overall need for learning leadership development was 0.85 (PNI modified = 0.85). Considering each aspect in order of importance, the three rankings are as follows: Team learning (PNI modified = 0.88), followed by the use of advanced technology in operations (PNI modified = 0.87), and creativity (PNI modified = 0.86).
      3. The formation and verification of the model consist of 6 elements, Principles, objectives, contents, development methods/processes, evaluations, and success conditions.
      4. The pattern trial found that: 16.53 percent of administrators of the educational opportunity extension schools have progressed in learning leadership development and 22.22 percent maintain the status of learning leadership.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Integrating Buddhist Arts into the Community

    • Authors: Phisit Kotsupho, Boonchuay Doojai, Sirisak Apisakmontree
      Pages: 171 - 186
      Abstract: This research article the objective is to integrate Buddhist arts into the community. This project is Mixed Method. Population groups distributed in the upper northern region include 1) Ban Sam Kha community, Mae Tha district, Lampang province. 2) Doi Suthep community, Mueang district, Chiang Mai province. 3) Ban Ram Poeng community, Mueang district, Chiang Mai province. 4) Community Thara Thip Chai Pradit Temple, Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Province. 5) Pa Tum Don Community, Phrao District, Chiang Mai Province. 6) Mae Hang Community, Wiang Ka Long Subdistrict, Wiang Pa Pao District, Chiang Rai Province. Analyze data from document and field data collection by processing all received information and analyze the content according to the descriptive research objectives.
      The research found that: Integrating Buddhist arts into the community brings benefits to the community in many ways, such as unity and pride academic progress Economic prosperity, faith, and sustainability of Buddhism, etc. Both integration with the community requires the community to participate in every step of the operation. To allow the community to feel ownership of the Buddhist art that is created. Designing Buddhist art works in that community it should be a traditional work in the community. It is work that people in the community have the expertise to create. It is work that used to exist but has not been passed down. It is an event where people in the community respect and believe in Buddhist art. Research tools include physical records and structured interviews.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Identity Development of Lue Khaja Woven Fabric Patterns at Ban Mae Loi
           Luang Community, Sri Don Chai Sub-district, Thoeng District, Chiang Rai
           Province

    • Authors: Narong Jenjai
      Pages: 187 - 202
      Abstract: This participatory action research was for developing a community identity for Lue Khaja woven fabric patterns at Ban Mae Loi Luang Community, Sri Don Chai Sub-district, Thoeng District, Chiang Rai Province. Data were collected from 30 key informants including the weaving group members, community leaders, weaving experts, and representatives from government and private sectors. The research instruments were in-depth interviews, group discussions, observations, and evaluation form for the different fabric patterns and model. The quantitative data were analyzed for standard deviation and mean. For the qualitative data, content analysis techniques and data classification were used.
      The results showed that: Ban Mae Loi Luang Community or the Lue Khaja community are names used to call the people in the community whose culture is mixed between Tai Yuan and Tai Lue ethnic groups. Their lifestyles are guided by their use of cotton clothing, local beliefs, traditions, and rituals. Their community has developed their own unique skills and local wisdom for cotton weaving for a long time. As a result of this participatory action research, the community agreed to use the cotton flowers as the model design for representing their unique identity when producing fabrics using their traditional methods. In addition, it was found that the working group of elderly folks had a difficult time weaving because of visual difficulties and therefore the “Yok Khao technique” was substituted to replace “Jok technique” to make the working process easier for them. In terms of evaluating the satisfaction of the selected model design, the results showed a highest satisfaction level. This result helped to confirm the suitability of design and therefore a useful indicator for future development of cultural woven fabrics in this community.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Development of Local Wisdom for Agricultural Water Conservation and
           Allocation in Nonirrigated Area of Sanpatong District, Chiang Mai Province
           

    • Authors: Choosit Coochat, Thanat Boonchai
      Pages: 203 - 216
      Abstract: This qualitative research aimed to examine the implementation of local knowledge for agricultural water conservation and allocation, apply the wisdom to new technology, and create agricultural water conservation and allocation innovation based on the King’s Philosophy in non-irrigated areas. The population size is 21,044 people. A purposive sampling method is employed to select a sample group of 30 individuals for this qualitative research study.
      The results revealed that:
      1. Agricultural water allocation in the weir system began in 638 with the creation of Ngern Yang Township (Chiang Rai province). The superstructure controlled the system, including politics, law, customs, and culture. The lower structure consists of labor, technology, and natural materials. Human and animal labor works were used during construction. Moreover, land belonged to the ruling class. Commoners had to be permitted to own land, and labor and tributes were required to pay land rent fees. However, this situation was changed in 1899. The use of local wisdom in building weirs began to change when the Department of Irrigation initiated concrete weirs' construction since 1977. However, the organization and management of weir systems were entrusted to a committee elected by local residents. This committee became responsible for overseeing weir systems. The government is in charge of the construction and repair of weirs.
      2. Currently, there is a problem of water scarcity, and addressing this issue through water conservation and allocation requires a comprehensive solution. These strategies involve legal regulations controlling agricultural land use, transitioning production systems by cultivating water-efficient crops, applying new agricultural theories, and utilizing appropriate technologies. Practices such as afforestation, dam construction, reservoirs, and weir establishment could also resolve water-related challenges. Introducing the principles of a sustainable economy helps mitigate cultural disparities, ensuring a complete and effective solution. Success is achieved when political, economic, technological, environmental, and cultural aspects align and work harmoniously to solve the problem.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Factors Affecting Social Adaptation of Relocated Migrated Households: A
           Case Study of Duimenshan Resettlement Site in Dongchuan, Yunnan Province,
           P.R. China

    • Authors: Yun Jianhui, Somkid Kaewtip , Chalermchai Panyadee, Pradtana Yossuck
      Pages: 217 - 230
      Abstract: Poverty alleviation relocation has greatly improved the social and economic environment ofrelocated migrated households. However, the relocated migrated households, especially those resettled in urban areas, also face a series of economic, social, cultural, psychological and other problems caused by the change of living environment, and their social adaptation at the resettlement site has attracted the attention of all sectors of society. This study, taking Duimenshan resettlement site, a centralized resettlement site of urbanization in Dongchuan, Yunnan Province as a case, aims to investigate the current social adaptation status of relocated migrated households, find out the factors related to their social adaptation, and formulate the appropriate strategies to improve their social adaptation in Duimenshan resettlement site. The selected sample size was 400 relocated migrated households in Duimenshan resettlement site. The structured questionnaire tested by reliability and validity is used for the data collection, and the data were analyzed by using the statistic program for social science research. All factors, including household total annual income, the work experience and physical conditions of the main labor force in human capital, the universality and the high availability of the household’s social network in social capital, the psychological resilience and hope level in psychological capital, as well as the land system and social security system in institutional capital, have a significant impact on the social adaptation of relocated migrated households.
      The results of the research showed that:
      1. The relocated migrated households in Duimenshan resettlement site was at moderate level in economic adaptation and social participation, but high level in cultural assimilation and psychological integration, and the overall social adaptation was at moderate level.
      2. Five factors were found to affect social adaptation of relocated migrated households including total annual household income, human capital, social capital, psychological capital, and institutional environment.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The So Ethnic Group: Ways of Living, Sociocultural Characteristics and
           Changes

    • Authors: Theparak Surifai, Kiattsak Bangperng , Theerapong Meethaisong
      Pages: 231 - 244
      Abstract: This research aimed to examine the so ethnic group's ways of living and sociocultural characteristics. It also investigated the social and cultural changes in the Isan society context. This qualitative research design focused on the process of fieldwork collected from the so ethnic group through observation, survey, and interviews. There were 74 key informants via purposive sampling. The data were analyzed via content analysis following the research objectives.
      The findings showed that:
      1. The So ethnic group belongs to the Austroasiatic language family, Mon-Khmer branch, or Katuic. Historically, the so ethnic group moved from Laos in the early Rattanakosin Period. In their traditional society, the so held ‘Heet Kong’ or a belief in ghosts in different ways. Such beliefs became behavioural models and relationships among people in the group. They had a unique way of life, language, beliefs, cultures and traditions where they became like an ethnic border from other ethnic groups, especially Lao/Isan people. They are often perceived as inferior to other ethnic groups by outsiders.
      2. Currently, the so ethnic group is under the Thai state, they have integrated into the Thai nation through technology power, such as education, religion and bureaucracy. These cause social and cultural changes in various aspects, including modifying lifestyles and society following other people in the Isan community. Such practices of the ‘Heet Kong’ have been modified in order to conform with the local people in the Isan society.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Social Return on Investment (SROI) for Creative Economy of Khao Chakan
           Community, Khao Chakan District, Sa Kaeo Province

    • Authors: ืNoppol Jankrajangjaeng, Anan Lakul
      Pages: 245 - 260
      Abstract: The purposes of this research article were 1) to study the social return on investment (SROI) of the project to improve the quality of life and raise income for people in the grassroots community of Khao Chakan, Sa KaeoProvince, 2) to study the satisfaction towards the quality-of-life development project and to raise income for the people in the grassroots community of Khao Chakan, Sa Kaeo Province. The research conducts according to Mixed Methods. The target group used a purposive selection method. There were 2 groups of consists: 1) 4 local leaders 2) Members of two community enterprises in Khao Chakan: Ban Phon Sawan community enterprises, 25 people, and Ban Santisuk@Khao Chakan community enterprise, 25 people, totaling 54 people. The instruments used for data collection consisted of interview form and satisfaction questionnaire.
      The research result reveals as follows:
      1. Social return on investment (SROI) evaluation of the project has a net present value (NPV) of 85,006 baht, while the social return on investment was 2.27 times, meaning that investment for every 1 baht, the rate of return on investment (IRR) is equal to 7.6%.
      2. Analysis results satisfaction with the project Overall, it was at the highest level (x̅ = 4.90, S.D. = 0.78).
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The Needs Assessment for Life and Career Skills of Students of Rajamangala
           University of Technology Isan

    • Authors: Atipat Ritiron , Pachoen Kidrakarn
      Pages: 261 - 274
      Abstract: The purposes of this research were to: 1) study current conditions and desirable conditions for live and career skills of students, 2) assess the needs of live and career skills for students. The cluster random sampling technique was used to collect data from 280 instructors of Rajamangala University of Technology Isan. A questionnaire was used to collect data. Quantitative data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Needs assessment in live and career skills for students was calculated by the priority need index (PNI modified) method.
      The results showed that:
      1. The current state of life and career skills according to the opinions of students, considering each aspect, it was found that productivity and responsibility have the highest average score. However, initiative and leadership had the lowest average score. As for the needs regarding life skills and career of students, it was at a high level. When considering each aspect, it was found that productivity and responsibility had the highest average scores, but initiative and leadership aspect had the lowest average scores.
      2. As for the priority needs index to life and career skills occupation according to the opinions of the students, it was found that in the aspect of initiative and leadership, had the highest score, followed by flexibility and adaptability, social skills and cross-cultural learning, leadership and responsibility and productivity and accountability, respectively.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Eating in Buddhism

    • Authors: Phra Samu Tan Dhammasaro (Laksado) , Phramaha Mit Thitapanyo (Wanyao)
      Pages: 275 - 284
      Abstract: Eating in Buddhism is considered every time of eating or consumed in every bite of rice. Eat or consume for the treatment of suffering. However, it is to benefit the quality of life. However, a Monks cannot practice. But in the time before meals, after meals, in the earlier time (primayam), the middle and the last If a Monks cannot considered they let the sun up That monk's name is located as indebtedness. The eating or consumption of a monk must be mindful while receiving it while consuming. Even the 4 factor consumption should do like this. For purification of the monks they should do like this. When a monks have purification. It is a contributing factor to concentration and wisdom after attaining the highest goal of Buddhism.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The 'Rak-Na-Khwan' Ceremony in Buddhism

    • Authors: Phraparad Narongsak Visutimetee (Charoenkiat) Charoenkiat, Phramaha Daosayam Wachirapanyo
      Pages: 285 - 296
      Abstract: The 'Rak-Na-Khwan' ceremony in Buddhism: in India, before the Buddhist era, the Aryans originally were semi-nomadic herderswho began to settle down by farming and raising animals with various rituals to make sacrifices, worship, pray to the gods about crops such asthe god of earth, water, wind, fire, and other natures. In the Buddha's life, the way of life of the farmers was related to the traditions and culture of farming, which was the practice believed to produce complete food andbring good luck and security to life, property, and related things, such as the ceremony of worshiping the goddess, the ceremony to Kwan Mae Phosop, etc., which in the Pāli language is called the ceremony about planting rice or 'Royal VappmangalaCeremony'.
      The 'Rak-Na-Khwan' ceremony in the Kasibhāradavāja Sutta: farming was one of the Sakya family's occupations during the Buddha's time. Most of the names were related to rice, such as (1) Suddhodana, (2) Totodana, and (3) Amittodana. The structure of the Kasibhāradavāja Sutta can be classified into five parts as follows: (1) individuals consist of Lord Buddha, Kasibhāradavāja Brahmins, and 500 Brahmins; (2) places include Brahmin villages named Eknāḷā and Dakkhiṇāgīrīrural in Magadha; (3) the Dhammas consist of Saddhā, Tapa, Hiri, Citta, Sati, Saṁvara, Soracca, and Viriya; (4) agriculture consists of crops, rain, yoke, plow, ropes, plows, and skewers, plucking grass, harvesting sickles, liberating plows and cattle; (5) the rituals consist of the 'Rak-Na-Khwan'ceremony, equipment, and attendees of the ceremony.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Spiritual Leadership of School Administrators in the Digital Age

    • Authors: Khanchai Chottantitarasagul, Panithan Wannawan, Kethanok Wannawan, Piangkhae Poopayang, Pennapha Sukserm
      Pages: 297 - 308
      Abstract: Thai education management has always been evolving. It may be due to the internal and external factors causing society to change. As a result, Thai education must be adapted to modernization and keep pace with changes to achieve development that is on par with other civilized countries. Therefore, spiritual leadership that can build credibility, faith, vision, and motivation, raise awareness, and value performance by developing positive organizational potential is a new paradigm that can be promoted and supported in the organization to achieve its objectives effectively. Thus, it influences to drive Thai education quality. Spiritual Leadership of School Administrators in the Digital Age is the era of applying the technology of the modern world that is full of the speed of change together with good attributes, knowledge, ability, skills, competencies, morality, and ethics in the administration in order to move towards to the potential development, quality, and the highest efficiency of the changes that occur. The 21st century School administrators must therefore focus on the administration that can lead the organization to its objectives, achieve the goals or vision set with quality and also increase the competency in developing humans to have the capability for sustainable development. Building spiritual leadership in schools is very important in the digital age because it helps school personnel to love, trust, and cooperate in enhancing knowledge together. Dedicating energy to various operations to achieve the goals, strategies, and visions that benefit the school, society, and nation.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • An Analysis of Love in the Piya Sutta

    • Authors: Phramaha Aphisit Vuḍdhissaro (Jaroenrat), Phra Sophonphatthanapundit
      Pages: 309 - 318
      Abstract: Love is a matter of all beings that cannot be avoided and is divided into four types: (1) love that arises from hate; (2) hate arises because of hate; (3) love arises because of love; (4) hate arises because of love. Therefore, it can be seen in characteristics: (1) hate is born because of love. It is the love that arises from ‘Pema,’ and characteristics (2) are that love is born from love, and (3) hate arises because of hate. It is love that arises from support until it becomes caring and then becomes love in the present which is kindness. The characteristic (4) love that arises because of hate is love arising from past bonds and mutual understanding in the present, which is Sinehā.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Analyze Enlightenment of Phra Angulimālya Thera

    • Authors: Phra Suriyo Sukhito (Rungrueang) รุ่งเรือง, Phramaha Mit Thitapanyo (Wanyao)
      Pages: 319 - 328
      Abstract: Analyze the objectives of this Article were: the Enlightenment of Phra Angulimālya: having the opportunity to meet the Buddha to listen to the Dhamma and practice the precepts is the important factors in Angulimālya’s attainment. It was on this occasion that he came to understand his misfortune that turned his life around from being a good person to becoming a murderer because he was deceived by teachers and fellow students. When he met the Buddha which is a good friend to teach him until he attained the highest level of enlightenment, Arahant. This is a motto for a person who has been mistaken. When one committed an offense, one can turn into a good person.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The Integration of ITTHIPATA 4 with the New Theory Agriculture

    • Authors: Phramaha Nattaphon Thigkayuko (Banchon) , Phramaha Mit Thitapanyo (Wanyao)
      Pages: 329 - 340
      Abstract: The new theory agriculture is the principle of management of agricultural land and water for agriculture to gain maximum efficiency and benefits. It can enable farmers to produce four factors for their livelihoods consumption and all year round. Farmers can support themselves and generate income based on the principle of self-reliance, non-destructive natural resources, systematic planning of operations, and strengthening the family and community. Using the ITTHIPATA; 4 or to integrate with the new theory of agriculture increase the efficiency of farmers' operations to successfully plan objectives. It starts with CHANTA; which is the will or aspiration to work on agricultural farms with love and knowing how to plan and work systematically. Secondly, VIRIYA; is the energy and effort of farmers who are indomitable in the face of hardships in their work. They should have a responsibility in duty and control the work to be following the specified plan. Thirdly, CHITTA; is focusing active thought to achieve success, they should concentrate on work interests and gain new knowledge for self-improvement. Fourthly, VIMANGSA; is the use of intelligence to investigate operations, ponder, find reasons, improve and check operating procedures to develop strengths, and fix weaknesses to increase operational efficiency. If farmers integrate the 4 principles of basis for success to integrate with the new theory agriculture, they will be able to succeed in their goals with the willingness to do, focus on what they do, pay attention to what they do, and finally be confident in what you do. Farmers will be successful. The work process is more systematic and can generate more income for families and sustainable communities.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The Development of the Quality of Life in Mangala Sutta

    • Authors: Phrakhru Wiriyakhunnasarn Wiriyo, Phrakhru Sudhikhambhirayan
      Pages: 341 - 352
      Abstract: The doctrines in the Mangala Suttawere principles for improving the quality of life that aimed to lead to both physical and mental well-being, arising from receiving physical, psychological, social and other responses related to life Beliefs, values, morals and ethics are forged to create balance with elements indicators in various aspects reflected the quality of life at the beginning, low level and high level in the auspicious Mangala Sutra, emphasizing the importance of 2 parts: 1) improving the quality of life in the world; to achieve the basic necessities of living, 2) Development of the quality of life through Buddhism; to live with wisdom, solve suffering with wisdom, it was to improve the quality of life by building a life on the basics and taking him away from worldly pleasures to spiritual freedom above all suffering.
      PubDate: 2023-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2023)
       
 
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