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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 1007 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted by number of followers
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 358)
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 354)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 275)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 255)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 180)
Psychological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 173)
Journal of Applied Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 168)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 148)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 146)
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 144)
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 139)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 121)
Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 94)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : General     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 90)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 83)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Mind     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Journal of Educational Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Human Perception and Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Personnel Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Political Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Abnormal Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Clinical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Neuropsychologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Neuropsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Perspectives On Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Applied     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Neuropsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Counseling Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Applied Sport Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Motivation and Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal for the Psychology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Environmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Personality Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Neuropsychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Personality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Developmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
European Journal of Personality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Philosophical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Research in Personality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Experimental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Anxiety Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Psychotherapy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Individual Differences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Trauma & Dissociation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Psychological Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Physiology & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Applied School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Legal and Criminological Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Development and Psychopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Perception     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Psychosomatic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
International Psychogeriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Media Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Personality Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Ethics & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Humanistic Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Family Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
History of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Multivariate Behavioral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Mathematical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Neuropsychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Psychotherapy Integration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychoanalytic Review The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
European Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Psychological Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Professional Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Imagination, Cognition and Personality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Peace and Conflict : Journal of Peace Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Group Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Psychophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Forum of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
New Ideas in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nonverbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Constructivist Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Phenomenological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Trauma Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Psychoanalytic Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Analytical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Black Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pastoral Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Japanese Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Comparative Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Forum Psychotherapeutische Praxis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Neuropsychobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Russian & East European Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Forum der Psychoanalyse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Psicologia USP     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Measurement Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Estudios de Psicología     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia : Teoria e Pesquisa     Open Access  
Pratiques Psychologiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Mentálhigiéné es Pszichoszomatika     Full-text available via subscription  
Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle     Full-text available via subscription  

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Mediterranean Journal of Clinical Psychology
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2282-1619
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  • Clinical psychology: what type of science'

    • Authors: Fabio Frisone
      Abstract: To identify the main task of clinical psychology, we cannot neglect that it studies the whole existence of the individual (Bosinelli, 1982; Cargnello, 1980; Codispoti, 2000; Minkowski, 2015). Starting from the term existence (from the Latin exsistĕre, whose prefix indicates a meaning related to going out, to coming forth; see Georges & Calonghi, 1915), we understand that clinical psychology examines the open and unstable nature (Dazzi et al., 2006; Ehrenberg, 1999; Marzillier & Hall, 1999; Nietzsche, 2011) of patients. This means that the space of psychological inquiry, which cannot be limited to the determinations of causal relationships – through which knowledge is typically acquired in the natural sciences – (Cartesio, 1999; Frisone et al., 2020) – requires a broader framework.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:18 +010
  • Alexithymia in an unconventional sample of Forestry Officers: a clinical
           psychological study with surprising results

    • Authors: Sebastiano Gangemi; Luisa Ricciardi, Andrea Caputo, Concetto Giorgianni, Fabiana Furci, Giovanna Spatari, Gabriella Martino
      Abstract: Background: Clinical psychological dynamics are known as effective in the onset of medical conditions. In this regard, alexithymia represents a well-recognized and studied phenomenon, whose study is attracting academic attention. Its relations with several conditions have found consistent resonance in the clinical fields, so that the application of clinical models to disregarded populations represents a relevant clinical opportunity. The current study was aimed at extending alexithymia study to a population consisting of State Forestry officers, including significant variables as age and years of tenure. Methods: The observation group consisted of 59 State Forestry officers, aged between 48 and 67 years old (SD=3.436). All subjects fully completed the protocol, consisting of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, correlational analyses, dependencies and statistical differences were performed in order to let significant relations emerge. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 24.0 for the Window package. Results: Descriptive statistics highlighted high scores related to all alexithymia factors (Difficulty Identifying Feelings, Difficulty Describing Feelings, Externally Oriented Thinking, TAS-20 Total score) in the considered individuals. Correlational analyses provided significant relations with reference to age, years of tenure and the whole set of alexithymic variables. Significant dependencies emerged among the selected predictors (age and years of tenure) and Tas-20 variables (including total score), as well as significant differences between two selected groups (<38 and >38 years of tenure). Conclusion: Alexithymia emerged as particularly present in the considered population of State Forestry officers, demonstrating its sensibility with reference to age and years of tenure variables. The study of psychological phenomena affecting general subjects’ condition represent an extension of a present research field of high innovativeness, considering the lack of knowledge referred to the selected sample. Furter studies should increase the number of included individuals in order to favor the extension of the emerged results.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Psychometric properties of Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome
           Measure (CORE-OM) in Colombia and Peru

    • Authors: Eliana Ortiz; Alba Lucía Meneses Báez, Adriana Trujillo, César Núñez, Magda Yaneth Acevedo Rodríguez, Ángela Pilar Albarracín Rodríguez, Sergio Dominguez-Lara
      Abstract: This study attempts to adapt and validate the Spanish version of The Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation–Outcome Measure CORE-OM questionnaire for Colombian and Peruvian populations. A linguistic and cultural adaptation of the CORE-OM Spanish version was created via cognitive interviews of potential users (Colombians n=28; Peruvians n=8). Then the questionnaire was applied along with the SOS and OQ-45 tests to 270 participants, divided in clinical (n=60), and non-clinical (n=210) samples, from three Colombian cities and one city in Peru. Some students made a retest application (n=26) 15 to 30 days after the first one. The CFA conducted showed a four-factor structure (χ2/df=2.09; RMSEA=0.064; RMR=.069) that included well-being, problems/symptoms, general functioning, and risk. The Spanish version of CORE-OM showed excellent acceptability (96%; omission rate 0.14%), good internal consistency (α >.70 in most of the scales and samples), acceptable test-retest reliability (Spearman rho>0.70; p<.001) and convergent validity (all domains r > .4; p < 0.01, except subjective well-being) in both populations. Significant differences were found in the scores between the clinical and non-clinical sample; although, the clinical sample presented higher scores. These results validate the 1-point cut-off score of between clinical and non-clinical populations.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Assessing the Personality Profile of Patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome:
           A Rorschach Study

    • Authors: Agata Ando'; Claudia Pignolo, Lorys Castelli, Ada Ghiggia, Annunziata Romeo, Valentina Tesio, Sharon Carfora Lettieri, Alessandro Zennaro
      Abstract: Background: The role that psychological factors and personality traits play in the pathogenesis of Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is currently controversial. Most of the studies on FMS used self-report measures, and to date only a doctoral dissertation was conducted to compare the Rorschach responses of patients with FMS to the normative sample. Aim and Method: By using the Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS), we compared the scores of 35 women with FMS with those of 35 women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). R-PAS is a performance-based task able to provide information on psychological processes occurring in the context outside and beyond the test. Furthermore, we chose RA patients as a contrast group because they both share the same medical picture in terms of pain experiences. Results: Compared to the RA group, the FMS group seemed to experience considerable implicit distress (YTVC’) associated with a sense of helplessness and despair (Y) that interferes with coping and adaptive mechanisms. Moreover, we found that these patients showed a cognitive processing focused mostly on the straightforward components of the environment (SI and Sy), but the interpretation of the environment was more unconventional (FQo%). Finally, we observed that almost half of the FMS group exhibited an excessive worry on the body (An). Conclusions: Our study has two implications for practicing psychologists. First, by using a performance-based test such as the R-PAS, we were able to provide a different clinical picture than self-reports (e.g., we did not find alexithymia features in the FMS protocols) and to identify the problematic features even at different levels of Complexity. Second, the increased levels of implicit stress found in the FMS group require psychological interventions focused on empowering these patients with self-management, active coping strategies when dealing with stressors and pain, so to defy their sense of helplessness.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Prevalence of and Risk Factors Associated with Psychopathological Symptoms
           in Uruguayan Adolescents, Using the Personality Assessment Inventory

    • Authors: Ana Inés Machado; Karin Arbach, Antonella Bobbio, Alfredo Parra
      Abstract: This work describes the distribution of psychopathological indicators and their clinical levels in Uruguayan high school adolescents by gender, age, and socioeconomic level of the participants. The proportion of cases with indicators at comorbid clinical levels is also estimated. We evaluated 540 adolescent students of both genders (55.5% female), aged 12 to 18 years (M=15.40; SD=1.92) of five departments of Uruguay, using the Personality Assessment Inventory-Adolescent (PAI-A; Morey, 2007). In many of the PAI-A scales, significant differences were recorded in the mean scores by gender, age, and socioeconomic status. A third of the adolescents presented significant levels on one or more clinical scales, the most frequent being depression, anxiety and somatizations, and the least prevalent, antagonistic traits. The adolescents with higher scores on the PAI-A scales were female, younger and with a lower socioeconomic level.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Gender in psycho-oncology: focus on resilience and affective disorders
           among patients affected by lymphoma

    • Authors: Alessandra Miraglia Raineri; Rosapia Lauro Grotto, Giulia Fioravanti, Francesco Rotella, Renato Alterini, Alberto Bosi, Carlo Faravelli
      Abstract: Objective: Evaluating gender differences in resilience, depression, and anxiety levels in patients suffering from lymphoma and exploring possible association between constructs. Method: The study enrolled a consecutive series of 110 patients suffering from lymphoma compared with 140 controls matched for age, gender, and education. Several validated instruments were used: to measure resilience, anxious and depressive symptoms. Comparisons between groups were performed using a one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Pearson Correlation’s was used to investigate the associations between constructs. Results: Significant gender differences between female and male patients with lymphoma were found for all the explored dimensions. Psychological constructs seemed to be more compromised in the patients’ group than in the control group and specifically more in women than in men. This finding underlines higher sensitiveness for women affected by lymphoma. Resilience (i.e., SOC and SOM scores) and level of depression and anxiety are more strongly associated among female patients than among male patients. Conclusion: The main finding of the present study is that for patients suffering from lymphoma, resilience and psychopathology have a different pathway based on gender. These gender differences can be considered to prompt appropriate tailored psychological treatments for depressive and anxious symptoms in onco- hematology. Women with lymphomas displayed lower mean in resilience score (SOC and SOM), and greater level of depression and anxiety than women in the control group. The comparisons between men with lymphomas and men in the control group point out significant differences only for the level of depression and anxiety which was higher in male patients than in male controls.  On the other hand, women with lymphoma displayed poorer level of Resilience (SOC and SOM) and higher level of depression and anxiety than men affected by Lymphoma.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Prevalence of behavioral and mental disorders in Manizales, Colombia

    • Authors: Daniel Alfredo Landinez; Anyerson Gomez Tabares, Daniel Rincon Cuartas
      Abstract: Background: Mental and behavioral disorders are responsible for the largest proportion of the global burden of disease; yet, there is sound evidence that the prevalence of these disorders is variable worldwide. Indeed, such disorders are highly inconsistent in Manizales, Colombia when compared to national data. Objective: This study aims at describing the prevalence of behavioral and mental disorders in Manizales, Colombia. Methods: This is an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. Results: Findings suggest that a total of 30.3% of all participants displayed behavioral and emotional disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescence, 28% showed disorders of psychological development, followed by mood [affective] disorders (11%), organic, including symptomatic, mental disorders (9.3%), mental retardation (7.2%), symptoms and signs involving cognition, perception, emotional state and behavior (6.8%). An additional finding of this study was that disorders of psychological development are highly prevalent in females. Conclusion: This article highlights the need for and importance of longitudinal studies focused on early-onset disorders. These studies need to begin during infancy to truly capture the prodromal period for early-onset disorders.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Female Depression: Adverse Childhood and Adolescent Experiences and its
           relations with Depressive Triggers

    • Authors: Alexandra Fonseca; Paula Lebre, Teresa Fialho, Carlos Gois, Margarida Gaspar deMatos
      Abstract: Background: It is widely accepted that adversities during development may impact depression in adulthood, but its relations with current depression triggers are unclear. The present research aimed to explore the association between self-reported adverse childhood and adolescent experiences with self-reported depressive triggers, according to interpersonal classification, in depressed women. Methods: The sample consisted of 822 women with Depressive Disorders, who attended Psychotherapy at a Central Hospital in Lisbon (Portugal). Problems in childhood and adolescence and triggering factors were obtained through open-ended questions from a psychotherapy screening questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and Pearson´s correlation coefficients were calculated. Results: The most commonly reported adversities in childhood and adolescence took place in the family context, namely and in order of frequency, family conflicts, relational difficulties between parents and children and family violence. Higher reports of significant problems at an early age were associated with higher reports across development. Higher reports of interpersonal disputes as depressive triggers were associated with higher reports of interpersonal disputes problems during childhood and adolescence. Conclusion: Interpersonal disputes seem a major precursor of depressive symptomatology in women later in life. The classification of childhood and adolescent problems and depression triggers according to interpersonal theory proved to be a consistent association criterion and allowed us to assess priority intervention areas in depressed patients, such as interpersonal disputes and role transitions. This study highlights the unmet needs of families, that could be a target for conflict management and interpersonal communication intervention programs early in parental-child relationships. This is an important contribute to the development of family-friendly public policies and action plans.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Organizational well-being and motivation to work among employees and
           freelancers: the case of physiotherapists in Italy

    • Authors: Nadia Rania; Ilaria Coppola, Aurora Pratesi, Donatella Cavanna
      Abstract: Background: Numerous studies have furthered the dimension of organizational well-being in terms of its complexity over the years. However, little research that focused on the role of physiotherapists, who, as health professionals, address the physical and psychological pain of their clients. Methods: This research intends to enhance the understanding of organizational well-being within the different work contexts in which physiotherapists carry out their profession. A total of 150 physiotherapists, with an average age of 41.58 years (SD=12.34), from throughout Italy participated in an online self-report questionnaire, and the data collected were analysed using SPSS software. Results: From our analysis of the data, we find that compared to other professional categories, physiotherapists report lower burnout scores, which are also balanced by the presence of high levels of personal achievement. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest a need for organizations to invest in the consolidation of individual resources, as this contributes to improvements in work and personal well-being.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Dispositional Optimism and Well-being in Cancer Patients: The Role of
           Cancer-Related Self-Efficacy

    • Authors: İrem Akıncı; Cansu Akyüz-Yılmaz, Özlem Bozo
      Abstract: Optimistic attitudes of cancer patients are shown as an important personal resource for the psychological and physical adjustment to the illness. Coping styles and appraisals were suggested as indirect pathways through which optimism associates with better functioning in patients. The current study aimed to investigate the role of cancer-specific self-efficacy domains (i.e., coping with cancer-related side effects and stress, maintaining activity and independence, seeking and understanding medical information, and affect regulation and seeking social support) in the association between optimism and physical and psychological (i.e., depressive symptoms) well-being of cancer patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 120 patients in Ankara, Turkey. Majority of the participants were female, and about half of them were breast cancer patients. Participants filled a set of self-report questionnaires including Life Orientation Test-Revised, Cancer Behavior Inventory, Multidimensional Quality of Life Scale-Cancer, and Beck Depression Inventory. The data were analyzed separately for physical well-being and depressive symptoms through the bootstrapping method. Of the four self-efficacy domains, maintaining activity and independence accounted for a significant proportion of variance in the optimism-physical well-being and optimism-depressive symptoms relations. Findings highlight the importance of patients' beliefs in their ability to sustain their daily activities for having better physical and psychological well-being during cancer treatment as well as the role of optimism in promoting this particular self-efficacy domain. Interventions are suggested to focus on enhancing cancer patients' self-efficacy in maintaining activity and independence.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Fear of COVID-19 mediates the relation between mental distress and at-risk
           health behaviours in Italian adults.

    • Authors: Guido Veronese; Federica Cavazzoni, Francesca Fiore, Pancake Rachel
      Abstract: Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a global crisis, necessitating an investigation of its effects from a mental health and wellbeing perspective. In Italy within a few weeks of detecting the first case of coronavirus (February 20, 2020), the country imposed a nationwide quarantine to reduce transmission of the virus disrupting people's daily lives, and creating a significant impact on their physical and mental health.  Methods: We sought to test the mediating role of the fear of COVID-19 in the association between mental distress and risky health behaviours in a population of 592 Italian adults, including 467 females and 124 males (M= 39.7; SD= 16.4; range 18-79). First, we hypothesized a direct positive effect of mental distress, measured through the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) on risky health behaviours, recorded throughout an adaptation of the Ebola risk behaviour scale, second, a direct and negative association between mental distress and fear of COVID-19 and the mediation role of Fear of COVID (FCV) between mental distress and risky health behaviours. Results: Mental distress and risky behaviours showed to be tied thanks to the mediation of fear of the COVID-19. This relationship is an essential indicator of the role of decreased mental health in alleviating fear and exposing people to risky behaviours. Conclusions: Good mental health could protect from risk-taking behaviours when fear is not intervening as a mediator, while psychologically distressed people could perceive less fear of getting infected and be exposed to harmful and dangerous behaviours that could increase the risk of contracting the COVID-19. Our findings might help in promoting healthy behaviours during the pandemic outbreak. 
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • I didn’t think you were listening. Some Reflections on Online Setting
           and Patient Proxy in the Remote Clinical Relationship

    • Authors: Angelo Raffaele Pennella; Giuditta Maria Bignami
      Abstract: Background: The limitations imposed by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on social relatedness (use of Personal Protective Equipment, interpersonal distancing, suspension of face-to-face activities, etc.) forced psychologists and psychotherapists to suspend face-to-face clinical activity for several months. The use of video calls (e.g., WhatsApp, Skype) and videoconferencing (e.g., Zoom, Meet) was the only way to avoid the interruption of psychotherapy and psychological counselling. However, the shift from offline to online psychotherapeutic settings has raised interesting theoretical and technical questions about how to consider the frame of clinical intervention. This article aims to contribute to the reflection on the characteristics of the online setting (videoconference) and its differences and specificities compared to the traditional setting. Methods: The article proposes a clinical case treated in an online psychotherapeutic setting. The intervention was carried out in the context of a counseling and psychological support service of an Italian university. Results: After a brief presentation of the case - a young adult with anxiety symptoms - the article describes a relational episode that occurred during a video-call interview (Skype). On the one hand, the episode highlights the characteristics of the patient and, on the other, how the online setting facilitated the expression of the patient's relational patterns. Conclusions: The case refers to a young adult who seems to develop interpersonal relationships based on presence/absence. The others (parents, partners) are always described as lacking something and, therefore, in some way, "absent". The patient himself is described as lacking something (e.g. masculinity) and shows himself unable to be fully present in situations. However, the theme of presence/absence also characterizes the online psychotherapeutic setting: presence is disembodied, lacking physicality. On the one hand, the clinical case highlights the need to understand the characteristics of the online setting better, and on the other hand, the importance of always keeping frame and process connected. It is fundamental to remember that what happens in the setting and is always an integral part of the clinical intervention.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Brainspotting reduces disturbance and increases Heart Rate Variability
           linked to distressing memories: A pilot study

    • Authors: Fabio D'Antoni
      Abstract: Brainspotting (BSP) is a relatively new type of brain-body psychotherapeutic approach discovered and developed by David Grand (2003) that accesses the client’s innate self-observing and self-healing capacities in the frame of a neurobiologically attuned clinical relationship. Despite it being increasingly growing in popularity among therapists, there is still a paucity of literature on its effectiveness. The aim of the study was to explore the efficacy of BSP in treating distressing (not necessarily traumatic) memories in a non-clinical sample of adults. A within-subjects design was employed for the Brainspotting effectiveness analysis, with two within-subjects factors (treatment, time). The treatment factor had two levels: Brainspotting, and a control condition (Body Scan Meditation). Both objective (Heart Rate Variability - HRV parameters) and subjective (self-report) measures were used in the study. Results showed that, after about 40 minutes of treatment, Brainspotting significantly reduced memory-related distress in comparison with Body Scan Meditation control condition (p = .028). Additionally, the participants had better HRV than before the treatment (all Time Domain parameters p < .05). Participants’ Interoceptive Awareness dimensions and dispositional traits such as attachment style, temperament and character were also examined and discussed within the Brainspotting theoretical frame. These findings, more broadly, highlighted the key role of interoceptive awareness in the processing of distressing memories.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Assessment of suicide and self-harm risk in foreign offenders. Evaluating
           the use of tree-drawing test.

    • Authors: Antonia Sorge; Emanuela Saita
      Abstract: Background: Among foreigners, imprisonment is a potential traumatic event characterized by further afflictions due to language difficulties and cultural differences. For these reasons, the psychological diagnosis with this prison population, appears complicated and misleading, despite their tendency to engage in self-harm and suicidal behavior. However, an early and correct diagnosis process is at the core of prevention and reduction of suicides and self-harm. The clinical interview and specific rating scales are inefficient to achieve the diagnosis in foreign subjects because of poor education levels, linguistic barriers and cultural differences. The aim of this study is to explore the efficacy of the Tree-drawing test (Koch, 1958) evaluating the risk factors for suicide and self-harm. Methods: We administered to 100 inmates (34 Italians; 66 foreigners) of an Italian prison the Tree-drawing test in order to establish its effectiveness in identifying the subjects most at risk for suicide and self-harm. After developing a numerical score associated to the tree-drawing test we performed descriptive statistics and a binary logistic regression analysis to test the hypothesis. Results: The analysis, supported by the software SPSS, revealed how the Tree-drawing test is sensitive for identifying individuals with vulnerabilities compatible with the risk of self-harm. Conclusions: Our results represent a first step in guiding the choice of the most suitable tools to support self-harming and suicide risk assessment in foreign offenders.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Psychoneuroimmunology and Postpartum Depression

    • Authors: Oana Denisa Balalau; Cristina Răduță, Nicolae Bacalbașa, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Cristian Balalau
      Abstract: Depression is the most common mental illness at the community level. It is estimated that annually 3-15% of the general population has a depressive episode. An increasing number of cases are identified among pregnant patients. Thus, WHO has been recommending screening for pregnancy and pregnancy depression since 2015. The causes of depressive pathology are not fully known. The most commonly identified factors are related to biochemical disorders in the brain, psychological or social causes or the administration of drugs with the potential to induce depressive phenomena: antihypertensives, oral contraceptives, hormones, anti-inflammatory drugs. The association of hypertension with pregnancy can determine an increased risk of depression in pregnancy or childbirth. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy cause an altered inflammatory response, with several studies identifying significant increased levels of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha in pregnant women with preeclampsia. Although hypertensive manifestations remit in approx. 6 weeks postpartum, studies have shown that the inflammatory syndrome persists for up to 3.5 months. Serum IL-6 levels are associated with preeclampsia severity and foetal status. Inflammatory, neuronal and hormonal changes are found in both pathologies, thus explaining the causal links between hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and postpartum depression. Current researchers have relied on the evaluation of a possible involvement of oxidative stress. Its association with depression is frequently identified, the severity of symptoms being directly proportional to the level of markers of oxidative stress.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:17 +010
  • Gender violence: the actions of the University of Messina

    • Authors: Salvatore Settineri; Emanuele Maria Merlo
      Abstract: The main purposes of this public publishing service are centred on the dissemination of research, so that we all should remember that the three academic missions are inseparable. 
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • Telepsychology: Acceptability of online assessment and treatment in users
           and professional psychologists

    • Authors: Santo F. Di Nuovo; Valeria Narzisi
      Abstract: Background: The article deals with issues related to telepsychology, i.e. assessment and treatment interventions using online tools. Historical stages of the assessment and treatment at distance are described, citing methods and instruments and the empirical evidence on their feasibility and validity. Methods: The study regarded the acceptance of remote intervention by two samples of professional clinical psychologists (n = 100) and potential users (n = 200). An online survey was used, including attitudes questionnaires, the UTAUT (Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology) model, a Semantic Differential, and the Big Five Inventory (only for users). Results: The professionals appear more convinced than users that the online assessment and therapy intervention is useful and can be spread more. With regard to tests, they suppose greater difficulties for the responders than the users themselves perceive. At the same time, the psychologists think that diagnostic tools should be adapted to be applied online, so specific training is needed to effectively use assessment and clinical support in telematic mode. Conclusions: The study confirms the trust of both psychologists and potential users towards online testing and interventions. Specific tools are needed to carry out the psychological intervention at distance, and specific training should be assured of psychologists who intend to use it.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • The Italian version of the Questionnaire for the Assessment of

    • Authors: Anne Schienle; Albert Wabnegger, Annalisa La Face
      Abstract: Objectives: While disgust directed at potential disease elicitors constitutes an adaptive mechanism for health protection, disgust directed against the own person is dysfunctional, particularly when it becomes an enduring cognitive-affective orientation toward the self. Self-disgust is associated with several mental disorders, such as depression, borderline personality disorder, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Therefore, the assessment of this construct in the clinical context is very important. Since a Questionnaire for the Assessment of Self-Disgust (QASD) in Italian did not exist, such a scale was developed. Methods: A total of 1053 individuals (mean age = 32 years; 76% female) participated in an online survey. They completed questionnaires for the assessment of self-disgust (the translated version of the German QASD, Schienle, Ille, & Arendasy, 2014), psychological problems, and overall mental well-being. An exploratory factor analysis (principal axis estimation with oblique (oblimin) rotation; n = 526) and confirmatory factor analysis (n = 527) were computed. Moreover, correlation analyses were carried out to assess the relationship between self-disgust and different indicators of mental wellbeing and psychological disorders. Results: The QASD has a single factor structure. The questionnaire assesses disgust directed against the own body, personality, and behavior with 12 items. The QASD has very good reliability (McDonald´s omega = .92). The mean self-disgust scores correlated positively with reported symptoms of depression, anxiety, somatization, and body image concerns, and negatively with overall mental wellbeing. Conclusion: The results point to the association between elevated self-disgust and psychological problems. Therefore, the scale should now be administered in clinical samples.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • Online support groups for young women with self-harming behaviours:
           understanding the elaborative functions of the experience

    • Authors: Anna Gargiulo; Giuseppe Martorana, Andrea Vozella
      Abstract: Recent studies show an increase in self-harming behaviour among adolescents and young people, who often require online psychological support. This trend has produced an increase in studies and online psychological interventions. As of today, however, online support groups for self-harmers are still under-examined. Therefore, within a European project, we collected the discussions of four groups for young people with self-harming behaviours and analysed them by using a software for automatic qualitative text analysis. In particular, we focused on the themes discussed, and how these were discursively organized by the members in order to comprehend the psychodynamic functions promoted by each group. Four main themes and three sense vectors emerged. Online support groups with young women who self-harm produce some elaborative functions: the container of anguish, the emotion-regulation and the meaning-making. Clinical implications of online support groups for young people with self-harming behaviours will be discussed.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • Trends and correlates of the time spent playing videogames in Italian
           children and adolescents

    • Authors: Simone Amendola
      Abstract: Background: The use of electronic devices and screen-time behaviours among young people have increased in the last two decades. However, empirical evidence on trends in time spent playing videogames among Italian youths is lacking. The present study examined trends and correlates of the time spent by children and adolescents playing videogames in Italy between 2006 and 2014. Methods: Data from the cross-sectional Italian Health School-aged Children (2006-2010-2014) study was used. The sample comprised 12,748 children and adolescents (Mage = 13.63, SD = 1.66; 50.2% males, n = 6,398). Ordinal regression models were used to analyse the data and odds ratios were reported. Results: The time spent playing videogames increased significantly between 2006 and 2014. In particular, children and adolescents who played videogames three hours a day or more consistently increased over time (boys: from 16.6% in 2006 to 25.8% in 2014; girls: from 3.6% in 2006 to 20.8% in 2014). The results of the analyses showed associations between time spent playing videogames and sociodemographic and school characteristics, such as, age, gender, family socio-economic status, physical activity and body mass index, poor school engagement and students’ acceptance. Furthermore, bullying episodes, psychological and somatic complaints were associated with the time that children and adolescents spent playing videogames. Conclusion: From a public health perspective, the results highlight the need to monitor the increasing excessive videogame use among young people in Italy.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • Cross-cultural correlates of homophobia: comparison of Italian and Spanish
           attitudes towards homosexuals

    • Authors: Enrico Perilli; Eleonora Scosta, Matteo Perazzini, Dina Di Giacomo, Roberta Ciuffini, Danilo Bontempo, Simona Marcotullio, Stefano Cobianchi
      Abstract: Background: Homophobia or the reaction against homosexuals could be based on the structural ideology of the society, on its institutions or on power relationships, which can incite contempt, sometimes even to deadly violence, regarding those not complying the national culture reference model. Such behaviors are born from the belief that homosexuality must be fought against and opposed as it threatens social order, and could be increased augmented by the campaigns of politicians spread in the mass media. Methods: The aim of this study is to investigate and compare homophobia in Italy and Spain, two Mediterranean countries related from a cultural and traditional background and for general acceptance of homosexuals, and to verify the role of current national culture on recently rising homophobic attitude. Italian and Spanish subjects were studied by means of self-administered questionnaires consisting of: Modern Homophobia Scale to evaluate homophobic attitudes, Homophobia Scale to evaluate the affective, cognitive and behavioral components towards homosexuality, Stereotype Content Model to identify stereotypes about homosexuality, the scale of 11 Emotions and the subscale of Prejudice Attitude Test assessing the social distance, to assess the prejudicial behavior across the two countries. Results: Results showed that despite homophobia levels are low for both populations, with positive emotion and stereotype, Italians showed a greater social distance and a lower quantity and quality of contacts with homosexuals than Spanish. Comparing for political orientation, ideological right-flaw Italians resulted in significantly higher personal discomfort, aggressiveness and cognitive negativism, and lower quantity of contacts than Spanish. Social distance was higher scored in right-flaw than left-flaw oriented subjects from both Italy and Spain, with Italians scoring higher than Spanish. An alternative interpretation of homophobic attitude in Italy, known for recently rising attempts to homosexuals, was provided in comparison with Spain. Political orientation could provide for the differences observed in social distance in each country, but not between them. Specifically, this study’s results indicate that genderist and homophobic campaigns from the Italian right parties could have transmitted values and attitudes of greater prejudice and rejection towards homosexuals. Conclusions: This research contributes to the objective of raising awareness about the mechanisms underlying the homophobic matrix conveyed from national culture, politics and mass media, and its consequences on psycho-social disease.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • Relationship between anxiety and adaptation among school-going adolescents
           in Colombia

    • Authors: Yenny Salamanca-Camargo; Ana María Rincón- Rodríguez, Anderson Stit Narciso-Urazán
      Abstract: Adolescence is considered to be a time of transition and great transformation at a biological, cognitive, and social level, which makes adolescents prone to certain risks and dysfunctions. Close to 20% of adolescents around the world suffer from a mental disorder, with many of those being of an emotional and affective nature. At the same time, it is estimated that 20% of the population will suffer from an anxiety disorder at some point in their lives. The problems that occur in different spheres, such as family, social, educational, political, economic, among others, may cause an imbalance regarding cognition and in the way that diverse situations are faced, which undoubtedly affect adaptation in different contexts. This is a cross-sectional correlational study, the objective of which was to determine the consistency existing between the dimensions of state-trait anxiety and the general state of adaptation in 98 adolescents, aged 12 to 15, from sixth to eleventh grade, using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) and the Bell’s Adjustment Inventory (BAI). From an analysis of multiple correspondences and the R-Statistics package, the results indicate that with greater levels of anxiety, there are lower levels of adaptation. Lower levels of anxiety are presented, the higher levels of state anxiety (tranquillity) being more common at the beginning of adolescence (12-13 years old), and specifically in social adaptation. Additionally, the analysis derived from the levels of state and trait anxiety and their relationship with the different types of adaptation is discussed.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • Overparenting hurts me: how does it affect offspring psychological

    • Authors: Paola Miano; Alessia Palumbo
      Abstract: This review focuses on a peculiar typology of parenting characterized by overprotection, overinvolvement, overcontrol and an excess of entanglement; academic literature refers to this parenting style with the term overparenting or helicopter parenting. An in-depth description of overparenting constitutes the first part of this review. The second part of this review reports empirical evidence regarding the effects of overparenting on offspring psychological outcomes with particular regard to internalizing and externalizing disorders, coping strategies and dysfunctional personality traits. Depression and anxiety symptoms are frequently exhibited in offspring exposed to overparenting, as well as negative affectivity and maladaptive coping. Furthermore, adolescents and adults with overparenting parents seem to have an increased likelihood of exhibiting narcissistic pathological traits. 
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • The psychological benefits and efficacy of computer-assisted training on
           competency enhancement in adults with intellectual disability. A
           systematic review

    • Authors: Selene Mezzalira; Cristiano Scandurra, Rocco Filipponeri Pergola, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Ignacio Montero, Vincenzo Bochicchio
      Abstract: The use of modern technologies as instructional tools is becoming increasingly prevalent in both general and special education. This systematic review examines the effects of computer-assisted and digital training on competency enhancement for adults with intellectual disabilities. As opposed to mere knowledge, “competency” was defined as the ability to apply and employ acquired knowledge to carry out tasks and solve problems in professional, social, and personal life domains. The PRISMA procedure was used to search for records dealing with competency enhancement using computerized training for intellectually disabled adults. Twenty-two articles met the inclusion criteria, showing that contemporary technology, computer-based tools, and digital instruments can positively affect the quality of life of adults with intellectual disabilities, and enhance their personal, professional, and social competencies. Ultimately, fostering computer-based technology to enhance competencies in adults with intellectual disabilities appears to be very promising, in that it allows these individuals to better integrate into society and live more independently, autonomously, and effectively.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • Relationships between pragmatic abilities, school well-being and
           psychological health in typically developing children

    • Authors: Michela Camia; Erika Benassi, Roberto Padovani, Maristella Scorza
      Abstract: Background: A growing body of literature shows relationships between behavioral problems and pragmatic abilities in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the link between pragmatic skills, school well-being and psychological health in typically developing children is still under explored. The present study was aimed at an analysis of the relationships between well-being, behavioral problems, and pragmatics in Italian children from the general population. Methods: The sample included sixty typically developing children, their mothers, and their teachers. The mothers completed the Children’s Communication Checklist, second edition, the Questionnaire on School Well-being and the Child Behavior Checklist, questionnaires that evaluate children’s pragmatic abilities, school well-being, and psychopathological symptoms, respectively. The teachers completed the Questionnaire on School Well-being. Results: Close relationships between pragmatic abilities and school well-being were found. In particular, according to both mothers and teachers, Stereotyped language and Use of context were the two pragmatic variables most strongly associated with school well-being. Pragmatic abilities were also linked to externalizing and internalizing symptoms and with specific behavioural problems such as social and attentional problems. Conclusions: This study sheds light on the close relationships between pragmatic abilities and school well-being and psychological health in typically developing children. We discuss the relevance of focusing attention on early pragmatic competences in children and the importance of considering the school as a crucial setting for psychological assessment and interventions.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • A model of Early Psychological Intervention for Direct and Indirect Road

    • Authors: Jessica Burrai; Alessandro Quaglieri, Giulia Lausi, Angelo Fraschetti, Alessandro Couyoumdjian, Umberto Guidoni, Sandro Vedovi, Stefano Ferracuti, Anna Maria Giannini, Emanuela Mari
      Abstract: Road accidents are a major emergency in Europe, and several studies investigating road trauma victims have demonstrated their serious psychological consequences and their incidence related to several serious psychological disorders (e.g., anxiety disorders, depression, psychoactive substance abuse, Acute Stress Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder). The quality of assistance provided to the victims immediately after the event is crucial for both short- and long-term psychological consequences and can often explain the causes of post-traumatic morbidity. Based on these considerations, the paper presents a scientifically grounded early psychological intervention program that is specifically designed for road accident victims: ANIACARES. ANIACARES provides psychosocial support to road trauma victims who suffered serious injuries and/or to their relatives. This model is inspired by the most-investigated protocols related to first-aid psychology, crisis intervention, and trauma-focused psychological interventions. ANIACARES aims to reduce the possible post-traumatic psychological effects, as well as to limit the decline in the life quality of family members, and of the seriously traumatized, by providing psychological counselling and support. The program aims to support the victims during the different phases of the traumatic event to foster better emotion regulation strategies, to facilitate communication between victims and rescue personnel, to promote adherence to medical care, to promote the mourning process, to prevent the onset of post-traumatic psychopathologies, and to promote the resolution of conflicts. The validity of the model was evaluated by presenting the pre-and post-intervention results, focusing on several aspects of the individual’s well-being investigated on 125 road trauma victims categorized as Direct Victims, Indirect Victims with seriously Injured family members, and Indirect Victims with a Deceased family member. Results allow to support the validity of ANIACARES; in fact, an improvement in the general conditions of psychological health and well-being of the victims has been shown and on dimensions which mood and affectivity, memory, and speech. The relevance of ANIACARES does not lie solely in developing “new” clinical techniques or procedures, but rather in structuring a specific model of psychological support and supportive intervention for a population that is too often overlooked and on which the possible outcomes are well known.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
  • From Parental Bonding to Problematic Gaming: The Mediating Role of Adult
           Attachment Styles

    • Authors: Gianluca Santoro; Laura Rosa Midolo, Antonino Costanzo, Maria Silvia Cassarà, Santi Russo, Alessandro Musetti, Adriano Schimmenti
      Abstract: Background: Research has found that parental failures of care during childhood and insecure attachment styles are positively associated with problematic gaming. From a developmental framework, it is possible to hypothesize that attachment styles mediate the relationship between parental bonding and problematic gaming. Methods: This hypothesis was tested in a sample of 598 videogame players (410 males, 68.56%) aged between 18 and 61 years old (M = 26.68, SD = 7.23). Participants were recruited through an online survey. Self-report instruments were administered to assess problematic gaming, parental bonding, and adult attachment styles. Results: Positive paternal care was a direct and negative predictor of problematic gaming, whereas maternal overprotection indirectly predicted problematic gaming through preoccupied attachment. Conclusions: These findings suggest that positive paternal care represents a protective factor for problematic gaming; in contrast, maternal overprotection might foster a negative view of the self in the child, which increases the risk to excessively use videogames, perhaps as a maladaptive coping strategy to regulate negative feelings. Prevention programs might be aimed to improve the responsiveness of parents towards the child’s emotional needs, to prevent the development of problematic gaming. Also, clinical intervention with problematic gamers might foster their feelings of security toward relationships, to promote both a healthier use of videogames and a better quality of life.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 20:19:16 +010
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