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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 601 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Human Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Social and Political Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Gender-Based Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Glossa Psycholinguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Health Psychology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Music Therapy Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychomusicology : Music, Mind, and Brain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Qualitative Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Review of Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Internet Interventions : The application of information technology in mental and behavioural health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evolutionary Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Behavioral Addictions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cognitive Historiography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Individual Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
OA Autism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista Científica Arbitrada de la Fundación MenteClara     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Psyke & Logos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Voices : A World Forum for Music Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Psychology and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Phenomenology and Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Spirituality in Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Lebenswelt : Aesthetics and philosophy of experience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Multisensory Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Behavior Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Language and Text     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Review of Social Psychology / Revue Internationale de Psychologie Sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inquiry : Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dynamic Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Phenomenology & Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Offending : Theory, Research, and Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling : Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Numerical Cognition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Quantitative Methods for Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wawasan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia e Saber Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Addiction & Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Russian Psychological Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neuropsychoanalysis : An Interdisciplinary Journal for Psychoanalysis and the Neurosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Art Therapy : Research, Practice, and Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tempo Psicanalitico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Psychology in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Estudios e Investigación en Psicología y Educación     Open Access  
Persona Studies     Open Access  
Indigenous : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi     Open Access  
Intuisi : Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah     Open Access  
Setting     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
European Yearbook of the History of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription  
Interacciones. Revista de Avances en Psicología     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Journal für Psychoanalyse     Open Access  
Siglo Cero. Revista Española sobre Discapacidad Intelectual     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
New School Psychology Bulletin     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
S : Journal of the Circle for Lacanian Ideology Critique     Open Access  
International Journal of Psychoanalysis and Education     Open Access  
Quaderns de Psicologia     Open Access  
Satir International Journal     Open Access  
Mudanças - Psicologia da Saúde     Open Access  
Journal of Creating Value     Full-text available via subscription  
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Estudos Interdisciplinares em Psicologia     Open Access  
Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations     Hybrid Journal  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Informes Psicológicos     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikologi     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Klart språk i Norden     Open Access  
Revista Pequén     Open Access  
Pensando Psicología     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Revista de Cultura Teológica     Open Access  
Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology     Open Access  
Experimental Psychology (Russia)     Open Access  
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
International Journal of Comparative Psychology     Open Access  
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología     Open Access  
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Análise Psicológica     Open Access  
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access  
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Psicologia     Open Access  
Terapia familiare     Full-text available via subscription  
Studi Junghiani     Full-text available via subscription  
Ruolo Terapeutico (IL)     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista di Psicoterapia Relazionale     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerche di psicologia     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerca Psicoanalitica : Journal of the Relationship in Psychoanalysis     Open Access  
Quaderni di Gestalt     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia di Comunità. Gruppi, ricerca-azione, modelli formativi     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia della salute     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicobiettivo     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoanalisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Interazioni     Full-text available via subscription  
Gruppi     Full-text available via subscription  
Forum : Journal of the International Association of Group Psychoterapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Wímb Lu     Open Access  
International Perspectives in Psychology : Research, Practice, Consultation     Full-text available via subscription  
Lernen und Lernstörungen     Hybrid Journal  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Online Readings in Psychology and Culture     Open Access  
Winnicott e-prints     Open Access  
Trivium : Estudos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Temas em Psicologia     Open Access  
Stylus (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social     Open Access  
Revista Psicopedagogia     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia Política     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia e Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Orientación Educativa     Open Access  
Revista do NUFEN     Open Access  
Revista de Etologia     Open Access  
Revista da SPAGESP     Open Access  
Revista da SBPH     Open Access  
Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica     Open Access  

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Behavior Analyst
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.378
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0738-6729 - ISSN (Online) 2196-8918
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Confluence of Science and History in the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
           Course

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract This is a review of content and method for incorporating the history of the experimental analysis of behavior (EAB) into the EAB course, although the material also could be adapted for any course related to the topics of learning and behavior change, or the history of psychology. Six elements associated with establishing a new discipline are considered as a framework for introducing the history of EAB: the intellectual leader/founding scientist(s), early proponents of the new area who advance and elaborate on the founder’s ideas, the cultural context in which the discipline develops, a set of methods, a textbook, and means of communicating with other, similarly inclined scientists. The historical ebb and flow of research and some of the reasons for these shifts are discussed next, with examples of EAB research themes that have shifted over time. Illustrating the history of EAB with specific milestone experiments seems a useful way to both introduce substantive research and its history. To that end, milestone experiments in EAB are discussed. The review ends with considerations about locating historical material within the EAB course.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Conceptual Foundations: Teaching the Historical Development of Radical
           Behaviorism as a Philosophy of Science

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      Abstract: Abstract This article outlines a graduate-level course on the philosophical, conceptual, and historical (PCH) foundations of radical behaviorism, which is the philosophy of science that underlies behavior analysis. As described, the course is for a 15-week semester, and is organized into weekly units. The units in the first half of the course are concerned with the influences of other viewpoints in the history of psychology on the development of behavior analysis and radical behaviorism. The units in the second half are concerned with the PCH foundations of eight basic dimensions of radical behaviorism. Throughout, a course examining the foundations of radical behaviorism is seen as compatible with related courses in the other three domains of behavior analysis—the experimental analysis of behavior, applied behavior analysis, and service delivery—and as integral to the education of all behavior analysts.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Teaching the History of Applied Behavior Analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract Incorporating historical readings and discussion into applied behavior-analytic coursework may be an important strategy for developing well-rounded behavior analysts. However, little guidance is available to instructors interested in teaching the history of applied behavior analysis. This article describes how the history of behavior analysis can be incorporated into a course on applied behavior analysis to achieve this goal. The history of punishment/aversives in behavior analysis will be provided as an example of how the history of behavior analysis can be embedded into applied coursework. The historical interaction between the culture at large (i.e., the culture beyond behavior analysis) and behavior-analytic literature and events related to punishment will be described because both affect the field and have led to the current state of practice. History related to early ethical standards, early experimental analysis of behavior literature, the backlash against early applied behavior analysis, and the field of behavior analysis’ response to the backlash is discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Teaching a Course on the History of Behavior Analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract Teaching the history of behavior analysis can be approached in many ways. One is to embed history in courses on the field’s discipline and subdisciplines (e.g., its basic and applied sciences and their conceptual foundations) and practice. Another is to teach courses on the histories of the discipline and subdisciplines and practice. Still another is to teach a stand-alone course that includes these approaches and more (e.g., their integration, relations with other sciences, the influence of U.S. history and culture). The purpose of this article is to foster teaching the stand-alone course. It has four sections. The first addresses structural considerations: course titles, catalog descriptions, curricula, certification, and accreditation. The second addresses contextual considerations: purposes of teaching history; distinctions between history and historiography; and starting points in selecting textbooks. The third addresses functional considerations: course content organized by topics and their required and recommended readings. The fourth discusses how the course might be revised by eliminating topics (e.g., the Middle Ages), expanding topics and subtopics (e.g., the behaviorisms, philosophy of science) and adding topics and subtopics (e.g., institutional history; diversity, inclusion, and equity). Given the field’s continuing development as a science, system, and practice and the rapid growth in its number and variety of its members, its history is becoming its common core—and a means of teaching it. The course elucidates the field’s integrity; incorporates the entirety of its community of students, scientists, scholars, and practitioners; and advance its coherence as a cultural practice.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
       
  • A Comprehensive Systematic Review of Procedures and Analyses Used in Basic
           and Preclinical Studies of Resurgence, 1970–2020

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      Abstract: Abstract Resurgence is the return of a previously reinforced response as conditions worsen for an alternative response, such as the introduction of extinction, reductions in reinforcement, or punishment. As a procedure, resurgence has been used to model behavioral treatments and understand behavioral processes contributing both to relapse of problem behavior and flexibility during problem-solving. Identifying existing procedural and analytic methods arranged in basic/preclinical research could be used by basic and preclinical researchers to develop novel approaches to study resurgence, whereas translational and clinical researchers could identify potential approaches to combating relapse during behavioral interventions. Despite the study of resurgence for over half a century, there have been no systematic reviews of the basic/preclinical research on resurgence. To characterize the procedural and analytic methods used in basic/preclinical research on resurgence, we performed a systematic review consistent with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). We identified 120 articles consisting of 200 experiments that presented novel empirical research, examined operant behavior, and included standard elements of a resurgence procedure. We reported prevalence and trends in over 60 categories, including participant characteristics (e.g., species, sample size, disability), designs (e.g., single subject, group), procedural characteristics (e.g., responses, reinforcer types, control conditions), criteria defining resurgence (e.g., single test, multiple tests, relative to control), and analytic strategies (e.g., inferential statistics, quantitative analysis, visual inspection). We make some recommendations for future basic, preclinical, and clinical research based on our findings of this expanding literature.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
       
  • Integrative Review of Developmental Behavior-Analytic Concepts

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      Abstract: We reviewed five behavior-analytic concepts related to development: behavioral trap, cumulative-hierarchical learning (CHL), basic behavioral repertoire (BBR), pivotal behavior, and behavioral cusp. We searched for terminological variations of the concepts in the CAPES Journals Portal and selected for analysis 31 peer-reviewed articles written in English or Portuguese, published between 1967 and 2021, that contained the search terms in the title, abstract, or keywords and contextualized in the main text. We analysed the conventional usage of the concepts, their conceptual limitations, and the relationships among them, declared or implied, and proposed a conceptual integration of the concepts under a CHL framework, following a path indicated by other authors. We considered BBR, pivotal behavior, and behavioral cusp nonsynonymous concepts of the same logical category, referring to prerequisites for important developmental outcomes and targets of CHL-inspired interventions but defined by different effects on subsequent behavioral development. The three concepts can be conflated in a superset–subset fashion, based on the specificity of their effects: BBR consists of a broad class of behaviors that may affect subsequent learning; the subclass of BBRs characterized by far-reaching collateral effects are classified as pivotal behavior, and the subclass of pivotal behaviors whose potential effects include contact with unprecedented environmental contingencies are classified as behavioral cusps. We propose that behavioral traps be explicitly incorporated in the CHL framework, to emphasize the environmental component of the cumulative-hierarchical learning process. Our formulation seems to organize the conceptual field in a way that respects the conventional use of concepts, preserving their strengths. Regardless of the specific formulation, we believe that integrating the various development-related concepts within a cumulative-hierarchical learning framework can encourage a more proactive integration of findings, questions, and practices informed by each concept, which could lead to the mutual refinement of the corresponding conceptual and methodological frameworks, as well as new research questions and practical applications. In particular, we expect that explicitly incorporating behavioral traps within the CHL framework will provide a useful heuristic model to guide research on how natural environmental contingencies influence the systematic transformation of behavior across the lifespan.
      PubDate: 2022-11-11
       
  • Introduction to Teaching the History of Behavior Analysis: Past, Purpose,
           and Prologue

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      Abstract: Abstract This article introduces a special section of Perspectives on Behavior Science on teaching the history of behavior analysis. Although behavior is distinctive, behavior analysis is diverse, and the history of behavior analysis is deep, teaching the field’s history often is not. The special section offers means for remedying this. The introduction has three sections. First, it relates the genesis of the special section: the 2018 meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis International and, before that, the 2015 meeting of Cheiron: The International Society for the History of the Behavioral Sciences. Second, it addresses the purposes—reasons and rationales—for teaching history, especially the history of behavior analysis. And third, it offers a prologue for teaching the field’s history based on a review of what is taught or not in recent textbooks and handbooks on the field’s basic and applied research and their conceptual foundations. In its conclusion, the article previews the section’s other articles: (1) three exemplars on how history can be embedded in courses on the field’s foregoing three subdisciplines; (2) an exemplar of teaching history in a stand-alone course on the field’s history overall; (3) a discussion that addresses how to improve instruction in these courses through narrative methods; and (4) a conclusion about the present and future of teaching the field’s history (e.g., giving the history of behavior analysis away).
      PubDate: 2022-10-14
       
  • Trauma-Informed Care for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental
           Disabilities: From Disparity to Policies for Effective Action

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      Abstract: Abstract People with intellectual disabilities (ID) are an often overlooked minority population. They experience significant health disparities and a high risk of exposure to traumatic events that can lead to stress-related disorders. Access to effective treatments for stress-related disorders is limited for people with ID due to a lack of appropriate assessments and common communication deficits. We discuss and analyze four factors that have led to these disparities: (1) historical segregation; (2) society’s response to identification of trauma in vulnerable populations; (3) lack of accessible assessments and treatments for stress disorders in people with ID; and (4) communication deficits common in people with ID. Based on this analysis, we suggest behavior analysts advocate for policy development that would (1) increase acknowledgement of trauma in people with ID and mandate sharing of information about trauma across providers; (2) require observable and measurable goals be included in the assessment and treatment of trauma-related behavior change; and (3) increase funding for services and research in this area.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • Applied Behavior Analysis in Children and Youth with Autism Spectrum
           Disorders: A Scoping Review

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      Abstract: Abstract This manuscript provides a comprehensive overview of the impact of applied behavior analysis (ABA) on children and youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Seven online databases and identified systematic reviews were searched for published, peer-reviewed, English-language studies examining the impact of ABA on health outcomes. Measured outcomes were classified into eight categories: cognitive, language, social/communication, problem behavior, adaptive behavior, emotional, autism symptoms, and quality of life (QoL) outcomes. Improvements were observed across seven of the eight outcome measures. There were no included studies that measured subject QoL. Moreover, of 770 included study records, only 32 (4%) assessed ABA impact, had a comparison to a control or other intervention, and did not rely on mastery of specific skills to mark improvement. Results reinforce the need for large-scale prospective studies that compare ABA with other non-ABA interventions and include measurements of subject QoL to provide policy makers with valuable information on the impacts of ABA and other existing and emerging interventions.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00338-x
       
  • A Systematic Review of Treatment Maintenance Strategies in Token
           Economies: Implications for Contingency Management

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      Abstract: Abstract Contingency management (CM) interventions are based on operant principles and are effective in promoting health behaviors. Despite their success, a common criticism of CM is that its effects to not persist after the intervention is withdrawn. Many CM studies evaluate posttreatment effects, but few investigate procedures for promoting maintenance. Token economy interventions and CM interventions are procedurally and conceptually similar. The token economy literature includes many studies in which procedures for promoting postintervention maintenance are evaluated. A systematic literature review was conducted to synthesize the literature on treatment maintenance in token economies. Search procedures yielded 697 articles, and application of inclusion/exclusion criteria resulted in 37 articles for review. The most successful strategy is to combine procedures. In most cases, thinning or fading was combined with programmed transfer of control via social reinforcement or self-management. Social reinforcement and self-monitoring procedures appear to be especially important, and were included in 70% of studies involving combined approaches. Thus, our primary recommendation is to incorporate multiple maintenance strategies, at least one of which should facilitate transfer of control of the target behavior to other reinforcers. In addition, graded removal of the intervention, which has also been evaluated to a limited extent in CM, is a reasonable candidate for further development and evaluation. Direct comparisons of maintenance procedures are lacking, and should be considered a research priority in both domains. Researchers and clinicians interested in either type of intervention will likely benefit from ongoing attention to developments in both areas.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00358-7
       
  • Teaching Behavior Analysis through Its History: Narrative and Stories

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      Abstract: Abstract Four articles appear in a special section of the current issue of this journal. Each offers methods for introducing students to the history of behavior analysis. Their distinctive approaches vary from delineating a course addressed specifically to history, to combining issues in behavior analysis with those within related fields, or to splicing historical events or methods into various courses within behavior analysis. I sketch these briefly to encourage readers to read them directly before proposing that the history of our field can also be understood both as an overarching narrative and as a collection of stories. Boje (2008) distinguishes between the two by characterizing narrative as a rather formal, organized account, on the one hand, with stories, on the other hand, being more disorderly episodes of behavior-in-process. Each has its roles for introducing behavior analysis—and even for effectively understanding it ourselves—and thus, the best place of each within strategies of teaching, bears systematic examination. Although narrative supplies an organized account, stories more strongly engage the reader. Stories are especially effective at keeping the reader or listener engaged when they entail nested relations delineated by establishing stimuli. Besides offering a principle of organization, this formulation yields a strategy for using stories to enable the overarching narrative to sustain the reader’s or listener’s behavior.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00355-w
       
  • The IRAP as a Measure of Implicit Cognition: A Case of
           Frankenstein’s Monster

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      Abstract: Abstract The implicit relational assessment procedure (IRAP) was initially developed as a way to assess the strength and probability of natural verbal relations, as defined within relational frame theory (RFT), and was conceptually rooted within the behavior-analytic tradition. However, the IRAP quickly became employed primarily as a measure of implicit cognition, more in line with mainstream psychology than behavior analysis. In doing so, research using the IRAP increasingly employed ill-defined mainstream psychological terms, focused on correlational analyses with traditional psychometry, and thus emphasized prediction over the prediction-and-influence of behavior. Although perhaps beneficial to the study of implicit cognition, this approach could be argued to have limited the IRAP’s utility in behavior analyses of human language and cognition. In the current article we will reflect on this suggestion, on the IRAPs place and current use in the field of behavior analysis, and on its potential future within behavioral psychology in light of recent conceptual and empirical advances in RFT. In doing so, it is hoped that the measure may be refined into a better understood, more precise, functional-analytic tool.
      PubDate: 2022-07-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00352-z
       
  • Revisiting an Analysis of Threats to Internal Validity in Multiple
           Baseline Designs

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      Abstract: Abstract In our previous article on threats to internal validity of multiple baseline design variations (Slocum et al., 2022), we argued that nonconcurrent multiple baseline designs (NCMB) are capable of rigorously demonstrating experimental control and should be considered equivalent to concurrent multiple baselines (CMB) in terms of internal validity. We were fortunate to receive five excellent commentaries on our article from experts in single-subject research design—four of whom endorsed the conclusion that NCMBs should be considered strong experimental designs capable of demonstrating experimental control. In the current article, we address the most salient points made in the five commentaries by further elaborating and clarifying the logic described in our original article. We address arguments related to classic threats including maturation, testing and session experience, and coincidental events (history). We rebut the notion that although NCMBs are strong, CMBs provide an increment of additional control and discuss the application of probability-based analysis of the likelihood of threats to internal validity. We conclude by emphasizing our agreement with many of the commentaries that selection of single-case experimental designs should be based on the myriad subtleties of research priorities and contextual factors rather than on a decontextualized hierarchy of designs.
      PubDate: 2022-07-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00351-0
       
  • Commentary on Slocum et al. (2022): Additional Considerations for
           Evaluating Experimental Control

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      Abstract: Abstract In the target article, Slocum et al. (2022) suggested that nonconcurrent multiple baseline designs can provide internal validity comparable to concurrent multiple baseline designs. We provide further support for this assertion; however, we highlight additional considerations for determining the relative strength of each design. We advocate for a more nuanced approach to evaluating design strength and less reliance on strict adherence to a specific set of rules because the details of the design only matter insofar as they help researchers convince others that the results are valid and accurate. We provide further support for Slocum et al.’s argument by emphasizing the relatively low probability that within-tier comparisons would fail to identify confounds. We also extend this logic to suggest that staggering implementation of the independent variable across tiers may be an unnecessary design feature in certain cases. In addition, we provide an argument that nonconcurrent multiple baseline designs may provide verification within baseline logic contrary to arguments made by previous researchers. Despite our general support for Slocum et al.’s assertions and our advocacy for more nuanced approaches to determining the strength of experimental designs, we urge experimenters to consider the perspectives of researchers from other fields who may favor concurrent multiple-baseline designs and suggest that using concurrent multiple-baseline designs when feasible may foster dissemination of behavior analytic research.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00346-x
       
  • Correction: A Theory of the Extinction Burst

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      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00350-1
       
  • Honoring Uncontrolled Events: Commentary on Slocum et al.

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      Abstract: Abstract In this special section of Perspectives on Behavior Science, Slocum et al. (2022) provide a summary of the logic and protocol for the construction, implementation, and analysis of single-case multiple-baseline designs. A major contribution of this article is a reassessment of the nonconcurrent multiple baseline design as a credible approach to documenting experimental control. In this commentary we provide considerations for readers as they approach the Slocum et al. article and suggest that although the resurrection of nonconcurrent multiple-baseline designs to a higher status is warranted, researchers will find more control for threats to internal validity in concurrent multiple-baseline designs, and the concurrent format should remain the preferred option.
      PubDate: 2022-06-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00345-y
       
  • A Theory of the Extinction Burst

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      Abstract: Abstract A preliminary theory of a temporary increase in the rate of an operant response with the transition to extinction (i.e., the extinction burst) is proposed. The theory assumes reinforcers are events permitting access to some valuable activity, and that such activity can compete for allocation with the target response under some conditions (e.g., very high reinforcement rates). With the transition to extinction, elimination of this competition for allocation can produce an increase in the the target response, but the increase is transient because the value of the target response decreases with exposure to extinction. The theory provides a way to understand why the extinction burst is not ubiquitous, seems more common following very small ratio schedules, occurs for a short period of time following the transition to extinction, and may be eliminated with the availability of alternative reinforcement. It appears to provide a reasonable starting point for a theory of the extinction burst that does not necessarily require inclusion of invigorating effects of frustration, and it is closely aligned with Resurgence as Choice theory. Additional research on factors modulating reinforcement-related activities and how they affect the extinction burst could help to further evaluate the theory.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00340-3
       
  • The Nonconcurrent Multiple-Baseline Design: It is What it is and Not
           Something Else

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      PubDate: 2022-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00343-0
       
  • Concurrence on Nonconcurrence in Multiple-Baseline Designs: A Commentary
           on Slocum et al. (2022)

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      Abstract: Abstract Slocum et al. (this issue) provide well-reasoned arguments for the use of nonconcurrent multiple baseline designs in behavior analytic work, despite historical preference for concurrent designs (i.e., simultaneous baseline initiation) and contemporary guidelines in related fields suggesting that nonconcurrent designs are insufficient for evaluating functional relations (What Works Clearinghouse, 2020). I provide a commentary, highlighting major contributions of this article and suggesting areas of further consideration. In sum, I agree with authors that researchers should avoid wholesale dismissal of nonconcurrent designs. I also agree that understanding how multiple-baseline designs control for and allow for detection of threats to internal validity is critical so that authors can apply the variation of the design that allows them to draw confident conclusions about relations between independent and dependent variables.
      PubDate: 2022-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00342-1
       
  • Examining and Enhancing the Methodological Quality of Nonconcurrent
           Multiple-Baseline Designs

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      Abstract: Abstract In this article we respond to the recent recommendation of Slocum et al. (2022), who provided conceptual and methodological recommendations for reconsidering the credibility and validity of the nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design. We build on these recommendations and offer replication and randomization upgrades that should further improve the status of the nonconcurrent version of the design in standards and single-case design research. Although we suggest that the nonconcurrent version should be an acceptable methodological option for single-case design researchers, the traditional concurrent multiple-baseline design should generally be the design of choice.
      PubDate: 2022-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40614-022-00341-2
       
 
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