A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5        [Sort alphabetically]   [Restore default list]

  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 601 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Human Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Social and Political Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Gender-Based Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Glossa Psycholinguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Health Psychology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Music Therapy Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychomusicology : Music, Mind, and Brain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Qualitative Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Review of Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Internet Interventions : The application of information technology in mental and behavioural health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evolutionary Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Behavioral Addictions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cognitive Historiography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Individual Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
OA Autism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista Científica Arbitrada de la Fundación MenteClara     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Psyke & Logos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Voices : A World Forum for Music Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Psychology and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Phenomenology and Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Spirituality in Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Lebenswelt : Aesthetics and philosophy of experience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Multisensory Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Behavior Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Language and Text     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Review of Social Psychology / Revue Internationale de Psychologie Sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inquiry : Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dynamic Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Phenomenology & Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Offending : Theory, Research, and Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling : Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Numerical Cognition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Quantitative Methods for Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wawasan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia e Saber Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Addiction & Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Russian Psychological Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neuropsychoanalysis : An Interdisciplinary Journal for Psychoanalysis and the Neurosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Art Therapy : Research, Practice, and Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tempo Psicanalitico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Psychology in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Estudios e Investigación en Psicología y Educación     Open Access  
Persona Studies     Open Access  
Indigenous : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi     Open Access  
Intuisi : Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah     Open Access  
Setting     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
European Yearbook of the History of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription  
Interacciones. Revista de Avances en Psicología     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Journal für Psychoanalyse     Open Access  
Siglo Cero. Revista Española sobre Discapacidad Intelectual     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
New School Psychology Bulletin     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
S : Journal of the Circle for Lacanian Ideology Critique     Open Access  
International Journal of Psychoanalysis and Education     Open Access  
Quaderns de Psicologia     Open Access  
Satir International Journal     Open Access  
Mudanças - Psicologia da Saúde     Open Access  
Journal of Creating Value     Full-text available via subscription  
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Estudos Interdisciplinares em Psicologia     Open Access  
Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations     Hybrid Journal  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Informes Psicológicos     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikologi     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Klart språk i Norden     Open Access  
Revista Pequén     Open Access  
Pensando Psicología     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Revista de Cultura Teológica     Open Access  
Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology     Open Access  
Experimental Psychology (Russia)     Open Access  
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
International Journal of Comparative Psychology     Open Access  
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología     Open Access  
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Análise Psicológica     Open Access  
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access  
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Psicologia     Open Access  
Terapia familiare     Full-text available via subscription  
Studi Junghiani     Full-text available via subscription  
Ruolo Terapeutico (IL)     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista di Psicoterapia Relazionale     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerche di psicologia     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerca Psicoanalitica : Journal of the Relationship in Psychoanalysis     Open Access  
Quaderni di Gestalt     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia di Comunità. Gruppi, ricerca-azione, modelli formativi     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia della salute     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicobiettivo     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoanalisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Interazioni     Full-text available via subscription  
Gruppi     Full-text available via subscription  
Forum : Journal of the International Association of Group Psychoterapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Wímb Lu     Open Access  
International Perspectives in Psychology : Research, Practice, Consultation     Full-text available via subscription  
Lernen und Lernstörungen     Hybrid Journal  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Online Readings in Psychology and Culture     Open Access  
Winnicott e-prints     Open Access  
Trivium : Estudos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Temas em Psicologia     Open Access  
Stylus (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social     Open Access  
Revista Psicopedagogia     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia Política     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia e Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Orientación Educativa     Open Access  
Revista do NUFEN     Open Access  
Revista de Etologia     Open Access  
Revista da SPAGESP     Open Access  
Revista da SBPH     Open Access  
Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5        [Sort alphabetically]   [Restore default list]

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2196-2979
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Understanding the Impact of Flavors on Vaping and Nicotine
           Addiction-Related Behaviors

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of review The central thesis of this review is to highlight how major chemical flavoring agents used in electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) exert an impact on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Through these interactions, these flavoring agents then alter vaping-related and addiction-related behaviors. Recent Findings Menthol and green apple flavors increase the self-administration of nicotine by altering neurons in the brain that are important for nicotine reward and reinforcement. Summary Evidence continues to accumulate that flavors used in ENDS may directly alter neurons in the brain and modulate addiction-related behaviors. Future research is needed to examine more precisely how this contributes to nicotine dependence.
      PubDate: 2022-11-14
       
  • Mechanistic Effects and Use of N-acetylcysteine in Substance Use Disorders

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review Dysregulated glutamate signaling has been implicated in several substance use disorders (SUDs). N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been studied in SUDs due to its role in restoring glutamate homeostasis, altering synaptic plasticity, and reducing oxidative stress. The current manuscript reviews studies of NAC for the treatment of SUDs, detailing the preclinical and clinical approaches used and the neurobiological effects of NAC in various SUDs. Recent Findings Mechanistically, findings across studies in several SUDs suggest that NAC upregulates glial glutamate transporter-1 and cysteine-glutamate antiporter exchange proteins to reduce cue-induced reinstatement of drug-seeking behaviors. Summary Preclinical studies largely suggest that NAC restores glutamate homeostasis and reduces drug-seeking reinstatement. Analogously, results from clinical studies are mixed but largely demonstrate that NAC reduces relapse behavior. Adjunctive use of behavioral interventions may augment the efficacy of NAC. Future studies should investigate potential neurobiological and behavioral correlates of NAC use, such as strengthening functional connectivity networks involving the prefrontal cortex and subcortical regions and reducing habitual/compulsive and impulsive behaviors.
      PubDate: 2022-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-022-00250-3
       
  • Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Effects on Smoking: a Review and Proof of
           Concept of Sex-Sensitive Effects

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This article reviews recent research on how catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) may impact cigarette smoking behavior, and how effects may be sex-sensitive. Preliminary data are presented on sex-sensitive effects of COMT on response to short-term abstinence in individuals who smoke. Recent Findings Although research is mixed, functional variants in the COMT gene have been linked with smoking behavior, cessation outcomes, and nicotine abstinence-related symptoms. Our proof-of-concept preliminary data from a human laboratory study of individuals who smoke cigarettes found that those with the high COMT enzyme activity genotype (Val/Val) reported more severe smoking urges and withdrawal symptoms following overnight abstinence than Met carriers. These effects were present in women, but not in men and were abstinent dependent, in that they dissipated following nicotine administration. Summary The preliminary data showing sex-sensitive pharmacogenetic effects may shed light on mechanisms contributing to sex differences in barriers to smoking cessation or potential sex-specific treatment options.
      PubDate: 2022-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-022-00251-2
       
  • Glutamatergic Agents for the Treatment of Cocaine Use Disorder

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review Disruptions in glutamate hemostasis have been implicated in cocaine use disorder (CUD). This manuscript reviews novel agents that influence glutamate neurotransmission with respect to their potential for the treatment of CUD. Among glutamatergic receptors/transporters, we focused on NMDA and AMPA/kainate receptors, mGluR1/5, mGluR2/3, and xCT and GLT-1 transporters. Recent Findings This review suggests that beta-lactam antibiotics, propentofylline, metabotropic glutamate-receptor-5 antagonists, and ketamine may alter neuroplastic processes related to chronic cocaine use. Among novel agents targeting glutamatergic systems, arguably the agent with the most preclinical and clinical support is ketamine, although the route of administration and potential for misuse are limitations. The beta-lactam antibiotics clavulanic acid and ceftriaxone have significant preclinical support, but ceftriaxone has limitations relating to the route of administration and safety profile. Among other agents with promising preclinical data, there exists ongoing (e.g., mavoglurant and clavulanic acid) or completed (e.g., clavulanic acid) clinical trials. Summary Given the potential of targeting glutamatergic systems, further study is needed of these agents. Gaps and limitations when it comes to translation of preclinical work to clinical settings are being reduced and addressed with promising candidates such as ketamine, newer beta-lactam agents with better safety profiles, and ongoing trials with agents targeting metabotropic glutamate receptors.
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-022-00252-1
       
  • Capgras Syndrome and Other Delusions of Misidentification: a Summary of
           the Psychological, Psychiatric, and Neurophysiological Literature on DMI

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This paper synthesizes the extensive psychological, psychiatric, and neurophysiological literature on delusions of misidentification (DMI), including the well-known Capgras and Fregoli delusions. Recent Findings By considering DMI from these many angles, this paper illuminates how disturbances in creating and maintaining mental representations of self and others, however varied the etiology, result in the wide range of phenotypic expression seen in this complex and fascinating set of delusions. The companion article in this issue (Garrett and Leighton) more fully elaborates the emerging alignment between recent neuropsychological models of DMI and modern psychodynamic theories, further enhancing our understanding of the striking nature of delusional misidentifications. Summary DMI violate some of the basic attributes of identity of people, objects, and places that allow humans to navigate the physical and social worlds. As such, DMI reveal much about the fundamental workings of human cognition and affect: sensation, perception, prediction, hierarchical inference, belief evaluation, and memory.
      PubDate: 2022-07-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-022-00248-x
       
  • Capgras Syndrome and Other Delusions of Misidentification: Integrating
           Neuropsychological Models of Delusion Formation with Psychoanalytic
           Object-Relations Theory

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review We show how psychoanalytic object-relations theory (PsyObjT) aligns with recent neuropsychological theories of delusions of misidentification (DMI), including the four-level model postulated by Feinberg (Conscious Cogn 20(1):75-81, 11), to enhance our understanding of these complex and fascinating delusions. Recent Findings We explain the mixed phenotypical expressions of DMI (Capgras, Fregoli, re-duplication, inter-metamorphosis, and mirrored-self misidentification) as combinations of disturbances of the fundamental attributes of the uniqueness, permanence, authenticity, and familiarity of mental representations of people and objects. Summary Delusions of misidentification (DMI) involve striking disruptions of essential mental processes, including the maintenance of stable mental representations of the self and others. We introduce this article with a brief report of a patient with features of both Capgras syndrome and delusions of re-duplication. After providing a brief overview of PsyObjT, which describes the psychological origins of mental representations of the self and others, we describe how the complimentary perspectives of neuropsychology and modern PsyObjT explain how the classic DMI syndromes take shape in the mind. The companion article in this issue (Leighton et al.) synthesizes neuropsychological models of DMI. We recommend it as an introduction to this contribution.
      PubDate: 2022-07-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-022-00249-w
       
  • A Narrative Review of Loneliness and Brain Health in Older Adults:
           Implications of COVID-19

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This narrative review highlights important factors contributing to loneliness in older adults prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic and effects on brain health. Recent Findings We characterize risk factors for loneliness in older adulthood and the impact of COVID-19. Furthermore, we discuss the implications of loneliness for older adults’ brain health. Summary Understanding the multifactorial causes of loneliness in different subpopulations of older adults both before and during the COVID-19 pandemic will provide insights for the development of interventions targeted to reduce loneliness in older adults based on their specific risk factors.
      PubDate: 2022-06-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00237-6
       
  • Contributors of Functional Impairment in Major Depressive Disorder: a
           Biopsychosocial Approach

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This narrative review summarizes the current evidence regarding functional impairment in MDD and the factors contributing to it. Recent Findings Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability and is associated with substantial economic burden, largely due to the functional impairment common among MDD patients. Despite the prevalence of functional impairment in MDD, it has not typically been investigated as a primary treatment outcome in MDD until recently, as treatment studies have largely focused on symptoms. Notably, studies consistently demonstrate the divergent trajectories of improvement of depression symptoms and functional impairment. Furthermore, the most consistent findings point to MDD symptom severity, cognitive deficits, sleep, fatigue, low energy, and social isolation as key contributors to functional outcomes in MDD. There is currently a paucity of data regarding neurobiological mechanisms of functional impairment. The findings from published literature are organized into a proposed working biopsychosocial model of functional impairment in MDD that highlights the strengths and existing research gaps in the field. The implications of these findings on depression treatment strategies are also discussed. Summary Our proposed biopsychosocial model of functioning in depression may serve to define an individual’s “functional impairment profile,” which can be used to identify targeted and personalized treatments for depression, and lead to improved outcomes.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-022-00247-y
       
  • Novel Pharmacological Agents for the Treatment of Cocaine Use Disorder

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This narrative review aims to summarize the literature on novel pharmacological agents with potential for the treatment of cocaine use disorder. Recent Findings Available data on several agents suggest a broad range of neurobiological targets and mechanisms. While the mechanisms of several of these agents converge on the regulation of dopamine pathways, several other related or independent mechanisms may explain their potential benefits. For example, cholinergic agents may improve cognition, serotonergic agents like 5HT2C agonists may reduce impulsivity and anxiety, alpha-adrenergic antagonists may regulate arousal pathways, and kappa-opioid receptor, corticotropin-releasing factor, and orexin antagonists may influence stress and emotional processes. Cocaine vaccines may decrease the capacity of cocaine to reach the central nervous system and exert its impact. Although there are also several novel glutamatergic agents proposed as treatments for cocaine use disorder, they will not be included as part of this narrative review. Summary For several potentially promising agents, clinical translation has yet to be achieved. Huperzine-A, varenicline, doxazosin, nepicastat, suvorexant, and cocaine vaccines have some preclinical and clinical support. Future work should optimize the specificity of these agents as non-selectivity is often a current limitation. For agents with both preclinical and clinical support, replication and extension studies with larger samples are warranted as clinical evidence is often mixed at best.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-022-00246-z
       
  • Affect-Related Brain Activity and Adolescent Substance Use: a Systematic
           Review

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This review aims to summarize the research on brain activity during affective processing (i.e., reward, negative emotional stimuli, loss) and adolescent substance use (SU). Recent Findings Most research revealed links between altered neural activity in midcingulo-insular, frontoparietal and other network regions and adolescent SU. Increased recruitment of midcingulo-insular regions—particularly the striatum —to positive affective stimuli (e.g., monetary reward) was most often associated with initiation and low-level use of substances, whereas decreased recruitment of these regions was most often associated with SUD and higher-risk SU. In regards to negative affective stimuli, most research demonstrated increased recruitment of midcingulo-insular network regions. There is also evidence that these associations may be sex-specific. Summary Future research should employ longitudinal designs that assess affect-related brain activity prior to and following SU initiation and escalation. Moreover, examining sex as a moderating variable may help clarify if affective neural risk factors are sex-specific.
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00241-w
       
  • Interactions of Emotion and Memory in the Aging Brain: Neural and
           Psychological Correlates

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This review aims to summarize current research on the psychological and neural substrates of emotion and memory in aging. Recent Findings Emotional memory remains largely intact with age; however, there are mixed findings regarding what type of information is preserved. Shifts in functional connectivity in the medial temporal lobe (MTL) and frontal cortex may underlie emotional memory alterations in aging and are particularly vulnerable to age-related disorders. However, we may be able to harness the interaction between emotion and memory to alleviate memory dysfunction in late life. Summary The relationship between emotion and memory in aging is complex, as emotional biases exist but may differ depending on factors such as underlying pathology or stress hormones. With the advent of advanced imaging methodology and sensitive cognitive tasks, we are better suited to address these research questions. Understanding how emotion may be harnessed to modulate memory may provide a mechanism to rescue memory deficits in aging and disease.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00245-6
       
  • Immersion in Substance-Related and Behavioural Addictions: Neural Systems
           and Neurochemical Substrates

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review Problematic engagement in slot machine gambling has been linked to a state of immersion: heightened attention on the activity (i.e., gambling) at the expense of other mental processing. This review considers the relevance of this state to substance-related addictions, and other behavioural addictions besides disordered gambling. We further evaluate current knowledge on the neural systems and neurochemical substrates implicated in immersion. Recent Findings Prior research has primarily considered immersive experiences from a lens of either dissociation (clinical symptoms indicating detachment from reality) or flow theory (positive psychology and game design). In other forms of addictions, increased dissociative features are observed, often interacting with psychosocial adversity and trauma. Existing work on the neural basis of immersion has been more influenced by the “flow” conceptualization, and implicates attentional/executive, salience/reward, and default mode brain networks, with regulation by dopaminergic and, potentially, noradrenergic pathways. Summary Immersion is operationalized as a cognitive attentional state with relevance to a range of addictive disorders. Data on the neural basis of immersion point to brain networks that can be hypothesized to be dysregulated in groups with substance-related and behavioural addictions. Further refinement is needed in measuring immersion and integrating the dissociation and flow perspectives.
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00242-9
       
  • Good Psychiatric Management for Obsessive–Compulsive Personality
           Disorder

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a prevalent personality disorder that frequently presents in health care settings with other psychiatric comorbidities. However, no OCPD treatment guidelines for a general mental health clinician have been proposed. This review summarizes current, clinically relevant knowledge about OCPD and introduces a pragmatic and accessible treatment model: Good Psychiatric Management (GPM) for OCPD. Recent Findings GPM for OCPD offers clinicians a straightforward framework for understanding and treating OCPD patients, informed by eight principles: (1) diagnostic disclosure with assessment of the effect of perfectionism and rigidity on occupational and social life, (2) psychoeducation regarding the role of over-reliance on overcontrol as a core mechanism of instability, (3) focus on life outside of treatment as a grounds for personal growth, (4) use of corrective experiences to dispel rigidly held beliefs and promote more flexible personality functioning, (5) managing comorbidities, (6) use of multimodal treatments, (7) managing safety using general suicide risk assessment, and (8) conservative pharmacological management. Summary Guided by up-to-date knowledge about OCPD, an accessible OCPD conceptualization, and GPM’s eight principles, the generalist mental health clinician can help their patient to build a meaningful life beyond OCPD symptoms.
      PubDate: 2021-11-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00239-4
       
  • The Effects of Alcohol and Cannabis Co-use on Neurocognitive Function,
           Brain Structure, and Brain Function

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review Given increases in the rates of alcohol and cannabis co-use among adolescents and young adults, this review aims to summarize literature on the effects of alcohol and cannabis co-use on neurocognitive functioning, brain structure, and brain function. Recent Findings The limited existing studies examining concurrent, recent, and lifetime alcohol and cannabis co-use suggest effects on the brain are likely multifaceted. The majority of studies report that co-use is associated with negative outcomes such as impaired cognitive function and significant alterations in key structural and functional regions of the brain, while others report null effects of co-use compared to non-substance using control and single-substance use groups. Summary Current studies lack a general consensus on methodology, definitions of concurrent and simultaneous use, and neuroimaging approaches, which makes it challenging to draw strong conclusions about the effects of co-use. More studies are needed to explore the effects of co-use in the context of simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use.
      PubDate: 2021-11-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00243-8
       
  • A Future of Current Flow Modelling for Transcranial Electrical
           Stimulation'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) is used to non-invasively modulate brain activity in health and disease. Current flow modeling (CFM) provides estimates of where and how much electrical current is delivered to in the brain during tES. It therefore holds promise as a method to reduce commonplace variability in tES delivery and, in turn, the outcomes of stimulation. However, the adoption of CFM has not yet been widespread and its impact on tES outcome variability is unclear. Here, we discuss the potential barriers to effective, practical CFM-informed tES use. Recent Findings CFM has progressed from models based on concentric spheres to gyri-precise head models derived from individual MRI scans. Users can now estimate the intensity of electrical fields (E-fields), their spatial extent, and the direction of current flow in a target brain region during tES. Here. we consider the multi-dimensional challenge of implementing CFM to optimise stimulation dose: this requires informed decisions to prioritise E-field characteristics most likely to result in desired stimulation outcomes, though the physiological consequences of the modelled current flow are often unknown. Second, we address the issue of a disconnect between predictions of E-field characteristics provided by CFMs and predictions of the physiological consequences of stimulation which CFMs are not designed to address. Third, we discuss how ongoing development of CFM in conjunction with other modelling approaches could overcome these challenges while maintaining accessibility for widespread use. Summary The increasing complexity and sophistication of CFM is a mandatory step towards dose control and precise, individualised delivery of tES. However, it also risks counteracting the appeal of tES as a straightforward, cost-effective tool for neuromodulation, particularly in clinical settings.
      PubDate: 2021-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00238-5
       
  • The Neurocognitive Effects of Cannabis Across the Lifespan

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This review examines the neurocognitive effects of cannabis and relevant developmental factors across adolescence (age 13–21), adulthood (21–65), and older adulthood (65 +). Recent Findings Cannabis use is robustly associated with poorer neurocognitive functioning; however, studies that carefully control for confounds have often not found any evidence for impairment. Notably, the endocannabinoid system may underly how cannabis use affects neurocognitive functions, including heightened vulnerability during adolescence. In contrast, the endocannabinoid system may underlie protective neurocognitive effects of cannabis in older adults. Notably, older adults have reported sharp increases in recent cannabis use. Summary As legalization increases the accessibility, variety, and potency of cannabis, strong empirical evidence is needed to understand its neurocognitive effects across the lifespan. In particular, rigorous study designs are needed to investigate the neurocognitive effects of cannabis, including among vulnerable populations (adolescents, older adults) and mediating (e.g., endocannabinoid system) and moderating factors (e.g., alcohol use).
      PubDate: 2021-11-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00244-7
       
  • Neural and Behavioral Correlates of Impaired Insight and Self-awareness in
           Substance Use Disorder

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review Clinical insight is an emerging interest in substance use disorder research, but is difficult to study empirically. We reviewed recent research examining the behavioral and neural correlates of several psychological processes tapping into self-awareness that may in turn contribute to insight. Recent Findings Individuals with substance use disorder exhibit deficits in self-monitoring (especially self-report/behavior dissociations), metacognition, alexithymia, readiness for behavior change, and interoception. Behavioral impairments have been further linked to neural abnormalities in a diverse network of brain regions encompassing cortical midline areas, insula, and frontal cortex, among others. Various treatment modalities may target these deficits, though corresponding effects on neural circuitry remain to be determined. Summary Compromised insight in substance use disorder may be relevant to a constellation of behaviors that suggest a lack of behavioral awareness linked to drug use. Future work needs to refine and advance the measurements, continuing to investigate insight problems in addiction that may become important therapeutic targets.
      PubDate: 2021-11-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00240-x
       
  • Racial Disparities in the Treatment of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders:
           How Far Have We Come'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review This paper reviews the literature examining antipsychotic prescription disparities between white people and black people. Recent Findings Despite literature documenting racial discrepancies in diagnosis, there have been limited studies examining disparities in antipsychotic prescription between white people and black people. Studies have demonstrated that black people are more likely to receive first generation antipsychotics, higher antipsychotic doses, and long acting injectables, but less likely to receive clozapine. Much of this work was done in the early 2000s. Summary Future research directions include investigation into why these disparities exist. Literature examining these disparities has focused on genetic and sociological factors; however, the impact of prescriber bias and structural racism remains underexplored. Until the research proceeds, future clinical directions should include empowering patients, families, and clinicians to question practices that may exacerbate these known disparities.
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00236-7
       
  • Advances in the Neurobiology of Food Addiction

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review To summarize recent neurobiological evidence for (1) the addictive potential of ultra-processed foods and (2) the utility of food addiction, defined by behavioral criteria, as a clinically meaningful type of disordered eating. Recent Findings Ultra-processed foods appear to be capable of triggering biobehavioral mechanisms associated with addiction (e.g., dopaminergic sensitization, enhanced motivation), whereas naturally occurring foods do not appear to produce addictive-like responses. Neuroimaging studies have elucidated parallel mechanisms in food addiction and substance-use disorders, including dopaminergic dysfunction, emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity. Emerging data has also suggested biological distinctions for individuals with food addiction evident by the brain-gut-microbiome connection, hormones, and genetics. Summary Existing evidence has yielded convincing findings for overlapping features of ultra-processed foods and drugs of abuse. Preliminary findings from neurobiological studies of individuals with food addiction have revealed similar neural pathways triggered by food and related stimuli as observed in prior studies of persons with substance-use disorders.
      PubDate: 2021-10-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00234-9
       
  • COVID-19 and Psychotic Symptoms: the View from Psychiatric Immunology

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Purpose of Review To explore the immunological underpinnings of psychosis in the COVID-19 patients. Recent Findings COVID-19 pandemic led to a surge in psychiatric morbidities, including psychosis. Various putative biological and psychosocial changes have been implicated in COVID-19-related psychosis. COVID-19 is a proinflammatory state. Alterations in immunological processes both as a direct consequence of infection or secondary to the hyperimmune response heuristically explain the etiopathogenesis of psychosis in the affected individual. The uses of immunosuppressant and immunomodulatory drugs may be the other moderators of a psychotic presentation in COVID-19 patients. Evidence to substantiate this hypothesis is still lacking however, which further studies should address. Because of its management implications, a better understanding of the involved immunological mechanisms becomes extremely important. Summary Evidence suggests a putative role of immunological alterations in the pathogenesis of COVID-19-related psychosis. The immunological abnormalities are primarily attributed to the pathophysiology of COVID-19 infection, medications used, and stress.
      PubDate: 2021-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00235-8
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.210.85.190
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-