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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 601 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Human Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Gender-Based Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Glossa Psycholinguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Social and Political Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Health Psychology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Music Therapy Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Internet Interventions : The application of information technology in mental and behavioural health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evolutionary Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Qualitative Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Psychomusicology : Music, Mind, and Brain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Review of Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Revista Científica Arbitrada de la Fundación MenteClara     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Individual Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
OA Autism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Behavioral Addictions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cognitive Historiography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Voices : A World Forum for Music Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Psyke & Logos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Spirituality in Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Psychology and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Phenomenology and Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Inquiry : Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Language and Text     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Behavior Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Offending : Theory, Research, and Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lebenswelt : Aesthetics and philosophy of experience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dynamic Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Multisensory Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Phenomenology & Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychology in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Russian Psychological Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling : Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Review of Social Psychology / Revue Internationale de Psychologie Sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Art Therapy : Research, Practice, and Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Neuropsychoanalysis : An Interdisciplinary Journal for Psychoanalysis and the Neurosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tempo Psicanalitico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quantitative Methods for Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Numerical Cognition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wawasan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia e Saber Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Addiction & Prevention     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios e Investigación en Psicología y Educación     Open Access  
Persona Studies     Open Access  
Indigenous : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi     Open Access  
Intuisi : Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah     Open Access  
Setting     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
European Yearbook of the History of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription  
Interacciones. Revista de Avances en Psicología     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Journal für Psychoanalyse     Open Access  
Siglo Cero. Revista Española sobre Discapacidad Intelectual     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
New School Psychology Bulletin     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
S : Journal of the Circle for Lacanian Ideology Critique     Open Access  
International Journal of Psychoanalysis and Education     Open Access  
Quaderns de Psicologia     Open Access  
Satir International Journal     Open Access  
Mudanças - Psicologia da Saúde     Open Access  
Journal of Creating Value     Full-text available via subscription  
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Estudos Interdisciplinares em Psicologia     Open Access  
Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations     Hybrid Journal  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Informes Psicológicos     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikologi     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Klart språk i Norden     Open Access  
Revista Pequén     Open Access  
Pensando Psicología     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Revista de Cultura Teológica     Open Access  
Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology     Open Access  
Experimental Psychology (Russia)     Open Access  
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
International Journal of Comparative Psychology     Open Access  
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología     Open Access  
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Análise Psicológica     Open Access  
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access  
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Psicologia     Open Access  
Terapia familiare     Full-text available via subscription  
Studi Junghiani     Full-text available via subscription  
Ruolo Terapeutico (IL)     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista di Psicoterapia Relazionale     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerche di psicologia     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerca Psicoanalitica : Journal of the Relationship in Psychoanalysis     Open Access  
Quaderni di Gestalt     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia di Comunità. Gruppi, ricerca-azione, modelli formativi     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia della salute     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicobiettivo     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoanalisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Interazioni     Full-text available via subscription  
Gruppi     Full-text available via subscription  
Forum : Journal of the International Association of Group Psychoterapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Wímb Lu     Open Access  
International Perspectives in Psychology : Research, Practice, Consultation     Full-text available via subscription  
Lernen und Lernstörungen     Hybrid Journal  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Online Readings in Psychology and Culture     Open Access  
Winnicott e-prints     Open Access  
Trivium : Estudos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Temas em Psicologia     Open Access  
Stylus (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social     Open Access  
Revista Psicopedagogia     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia Política     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia e Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Orientación Educativa     Open Access  
Revista do NUFEN     Open Access  
Revista de Etologia     Open Access  
Revista da SPAGESP     Open Access  
Revista da SBPH     Open Access  
Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica     Open Access  

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Revista Brasileira de Crescimento e Desenvolvimento Humano
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.229
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0104-1282 - ISSN (Online) 2175-3598
Published by PePSIC Homepage  [49 journals]
  • No title

    • Abstract: The first confirmed case of COVID-19 was notified to the Brazilian Ministry of Health on February 26, 2020. On November 20, 2021, by the end of Epidemiological Week-46 (EW-46) 257,168,692 confirmed cases of COVID-19 reported worldwide. Among the countries with the highest number of accumulated cases the United States of America ranks number one (47,701,872), followed by India (34,510,413), Brazil (22,012,150), the United Kingdom (9,857,658), and Russia (9,135,149). Concerning deaths, 5,146,467 were confirmed worldwide until November 20, 2021. The United States was the country with the highest accumulated number of deaths (771,013), followed by Brazil (612,587), India (465,662), Mexico (292,145), and Russia (257,891).O primeiro caso confirmado de COVID-19 foi notificado ao Ministério da Saúde (MS) do Brasil em 26 de fevereiro de 2020. Até o final da Semana Epidemiológica (SE) 46 de 2021, no dia 20 de novembro de 2021, foram confirmados 257.168.692 casos de covid-19 no mundo. Os Estados Unidos foram o país com o maior número de casos acumulados (47.701.872), seguido pela Índia (34.510.413), Brasil (22.012.150), Reino Unido (9.857.658) e Rússia (9.135.149). Em relação aos óbitos, foram confirmados 5.146.467 no mundo até o dia 20 de novembro de 2021. Os Estados Unidos foram o país com maior número acumulado de óbitos (771.013), seguido do Brasil (612.587), Índia (465.662), México (292.145) e Rússia (257.891)
  • No title

    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: fear is one of the main factors associated with psychopathological disorders evidenced in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVE: translate and validate Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) into Portuguese Brazilian version, named Covid-19 Fear Scale (EMC-19). METHODS: cross-sectional study with 364 individuals recruited through social networks, considering as inclusion criteria: being over 18 years old and fluent in Portuguese. After participant consentment an electronic form was completed, which included the preliminary Portuguese version and EMC-19, in addition to sociodemographic variables. Data processing was performed using the SPSS 26 version. For parametric measures, Pearson's coefficient and Student's T were used, and for non-parametric measures the U of Mann Whitney. The magnitude of the correlation coefficients was classified according to Cohen's criteria and the confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS 26.0. For internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: mean age of 33.11 years (±10,047), most of them female (n=332; 91,2%), with higher education (n=286; 78,6%), married (n=225, 61,8 %) and with children (n=300, 82,4%). Exploratory factorial analysis/EFA and confirmatory factor analysis/CFA made. Only one component emerged from the CFA, with an explained variance of 55,49%, resulting in a one-dimensional model with satisfactory adjustment indexes (X2/gl=2,135; RMSEA=0,061; CFI, TLI, GFI
  • No title

    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: with the current situation of measles outbreak in Brazil and the sharp drop in immunization coverage nationwide, it is necessary to think about ways to intervene in the face of so many difficulties, since the expansion of immunization coverage is the most effective and safe for the control of infectious diseases OBJECTIVE: to analyze vaccine coverage of two National Campaigns during the COVID-19 pandemic in Vitória/ES. METHODS: a descriptive experience report on the implementation of an intervention plan to expand vaccination coverage of two National Vaccination Campaigns in 2020 in a Family Health Unit (FHU) during the Curricular Internship I (EC-I). It was based on the Situational Strategic Planning. Descriptive and bivariate statistical analyzes were performed RESULTS: there was an increase of 5.79 times in the vaccination coverage of the National Measles Vaccination Campaign 2020 in the territory, from 0.86% (vaccination coverage of the triple viral before the start of EC-I) to 4.98% at the end of EC-I (p = 0.438). When comparing the vaccination coverage of the National Multivaccination Campaign 2020 of immunobiologicals administered before and after the EC-I period at the FHU, we observed that there was a statistically significant difference (p = 0.0049). CONCLUSION: the proposed and implemented intervention plan had a positive outcome on the FHU, as the vaccination coverage of the two campaigns were expanded, despite all the challenges of the pandemicINTRODUÇÃO: com a conjuntura atual do sarampo no Brasil, além da queda acentuada da cobertura vacinal em âmbito nacional, faz-se necessário pensar sobre as formas de intervir frente a tantos desafios, compreendendo que a ampliação da cobertura vacinal é a forma mais efetiva e segura para o controle de doenças infectocontagiosas. OBJETIVO: analisar a cobertura vacinal de duas Campanhas Nacionais durante a pandemia de COVID-19 em Vitória/ES. MÉTODO: relato de experiência descritivo, sobre a implementação de um plano de intervenção de ampliação de cobertura vacinal de duas Campanhas Nacionais de Vacinação em 2020 em uma Unidade de Saúde da Família (USF) durante a Disciplina de Estágio Curricular I (EC-I). O plano de intervenção foi alicerçado no Planejamento Estratégico Situacional. Análises estatísticas descritivas e bivariadas foram realizadas. RESULTADOS: houve um aumento de 5,79 vezes da cobertura vacinal da Campanha Nacional de Vacinação contra o Sarampo 2020, passando de 0,86% (em março de 2020) para 4,98% no final de outubro de 2020 (p=0,438). Ao comparar a cobertura da Campanha Nacional Multivacinação 2020 dos imunobiológicos administrados antes e após o plano de intervenção, observamos que houve uma diferença estatisticamente significante (p=0,0049). CONCLUSÃO: verificou-se um aumento nas coberturas vacinais da Campanha Nacional de Vacinação contra o Sarampo 2020 e da Campanha Nacional Multivacinação 2020. O plano de intervenção proposto e implementado surtiu efeito positivo na USF, pois, foi ampliado a cobertura vacinal das duas Campanhas, mesmo com todos os desafios da pandemia.
  • No title

    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: the growth of coronavirus indices in the North region highlights the region's historical social inequalities and the problems in accessing citizenship. OBJECTIVE: to analyze the mortality and lethality of COVID-19 in the state of Pará, Brazil. METHODS: this is an ecological study with a time series design of secondary data. All registered cases and deaths reported by COVID-19 in the period from March 2020 to June 2021, in the state of Pará, Brazil, were considered. The incidence and mortality and lethality rates were used. The daily percentage variation and their respective 95% confidence intervals were estimated. RESULTS: the total number of confirmed cases and deaths from COVID-19 in the state of Pará was 552,937 and 15,469, respectively, from March 2020 to June 2021. Incidence and mortality rates from March 2020 to June 2021 were, respectively, 6,407.9 and 179.3 per 100,000 inhabitants and the lethality was 43.3. Regarding the analysis of the daily trend of rates in the period from March 2020 to June 2021, both mortality and incidence increased. CONCLUSION: it was found that the behavior of the trend of rates in the first wave was increasing in the incidence of confirmed cases and the lethality decreasing, and in the second wave, the mortality and lethality rates were increasing.INTRODUÇÃO: o crescimento dos índices do coronavírus na região Norte evidencia as desigualdades sociais históricas da região e os problemas no acesso à cidadania. OBJETIVO: analisar a mortalidade e letalidade da COVID-19 no estado do Pará, Brasil. MÉTODO: trata-se de um estudo ecológico com delineamento de série temporal de dados secundários. Foram consideradas todos os casos registrados e óbitos notificados por COVID-19 no período de março de 2020 a junho de 2021, no estado do Pará, Brasil. Foi utilizado a taxa de incidência, mortalidade e letalidade. Estimou-se a variação percentual diário e seus respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança. RESULTADO: o total de casos confirmados e óbitos por COVID-19 no estado do Pará foi de 552.937 e 15.469, respectivamente, no período de março de 2020 a junho de 2021. As taxas de incidência e mortalidade do período de março de 2020 a junho de 2021 foram, respectivamente, 6.407,9 e 179,3 por 100.000 habitantes e a letalidade foi 43,3. Com relação à análise de tendência diária das taxas no período de março de 2020 a junho de 2021 tanto a mortalidade quanto a incidência foram crescentes. CONCLUSÃO: constatou-se que o comportamento da tendência das taxas na primeira onda foi crescente na incidência de casos confirmados e a letalidade decrescente e, na segunda onda, as taxas de mortalidade e letalidade foram crescentes.
  • No title

    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 is a highly transmissible virus that is causing very serious problems in the world's health, generating major political and financial problems. There are numerous risk factors related to this disease, ranging from morbidities to social and family issues. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effects of the social isolation generated by Covid-19 on the quality of life in the population of two Brazilian cities. METHODS: cross-sectional study. This survey with an online platform uses the drive's Google Forms tool to assess the population's quality of life through the SF-36 protocol. The research was carried out in two different cities of the Brazilian confederation. One in Santo André in São Paulo and Rio Branco in Acre State. The selection was carried out randomly in both groups (Acre and São Paulo), with 109 and 62 participants respectively in this first moment. RESULTS: regarding gender, women are in greater numbers participating in the city of Santo André, than in Rio Branco, with (80.6% and 48.6%), respectively. Likewise, Santo André has an average age younger than in Rio Branco in relation to the age group. When we compared the dimensions between the two states, performing a Mann-Whitney statistical analysis, statistical differences appeared in three dimensions: functional capacity, pain, and vitality, with better quality of life in these three domains for the city of Rio Branco. CONCLUSION: the city of Rio Branco, has a positive score compared to the city of Santo André, in most of the domains analyzed.INTRODUÇÃO: o COVID-19 é um vírus altamente transmissível e que estar causando problemas gravíssimos na saúde do mundo, gerando com isso, grandes problemas políticos e financeiros. Existem inúmeros fatores de risco relacionados a esta doença, que vai desde morbidades até questões sociais e familiares. OBJETIVO: avaliar os efeitos do isolamento social gerado pelo Covid-19 na qualidade de Vida na população de duas cidades Brasileiras. MÉTODO: estudo transversal. A pesquisa foi realizada em duas cidades diferentes da confederação brasileira. Uma em Santo André - SP e a outra em Rio Branco-AC. Trata-se de uma pesquisa com uma plataforma online, utilizando a ferramenta do Google Formulários do drive para avaliar a qualidade de vida da população pelo protocolo SF-36. A seleção foi realizada de forma aleatória em ambos os grupos (Acre e São Paulo), tendo respectivamente 109 e 62 participantes neste primeiro momento. RESULTADOS: em relação ao gênero, as mulheres estão em maior número participando na cidade de Santo André - SP do que em Rio Branco-AC, com (80,6% e 48,6%), respectivamente. Da mesma forma, em relação a faixa etária Santo André encontra-se com uma média de idade mais jovem do que em Rio Branco. Quando realizamos uma comparação das dimensões entre os dois estados realizando uma análise estatística de Mann-Whitney apareceram diferença estatística em três dimensões, que foram a capacidade funcional, a Dor e a vitalidade, apresentando nestes três domínios melhor qualidade de vida para a cidade de Rio Branco. CONCLUSÃO: a cidade de Rio Branco-Acre encontra-se com um escore positivo quando comparado com a cidade de Santo André - SP na maioria dos domínios analisados.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 impacted health systems worldwide; the virus quickly spread in Brazil, reaching its 27 Federative units peculiarly. The northern country region recorded the lowest number of cases and accumulated deaths from the disease. However, it is a region of sizeable territorial extension and low demographic density, marked by socioeconomic inequalities and vulnerable groups, such as indigenous tribes, riverine peoples, and quilombolas. Sociodemographic factors may contribute to the dissemination of the coronavirus in this territory; thus, studies are needed to analyze the epidemiological indicators related to the pandemic. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate incidence, mortality, and case fatality of COVID-19 trends in the state of Amapá, Brazil, from March 2020 to April 2021. METHODS: an ecological time-series study was conducted with publicly accessible data from the Health Department of the State of Amapá. Incidence and mortality rates per 100,000 inhabitants and percentage case fatality were calculated. Crude rates were calculated by municipalities, age, and sex, per month. The Prais-Winsten regression test was performed, and the trends of monthly rates were classified as increasing, decreasing, or flat. RESULTS: during the study period, there were 99.936 cases and 1,468 deaths accumulated by COVID-19 in the State of Amapá, Brazil. Macapá and Santana's cities, which have the highest demographic density and Human Development Index (HDI), had the highest number of cases and deaths. The most vulnerable population was elderly males aged 70 years or over; these individuals had the highest cumulative incidence, case fatality, and mortality rates. The second wave of the disease (October 2020 to April 2021) illustrated a more aggravating scenario, with increasing incidence and mortality rates. CONCLUSION: the COVID-19 pandemic in the state of Amapá, Brazil, is in increasing evolution, which illustrates that non-pharmacological prevention measures and acceleration of vaccination must be strengthened to avoid the development of future waves of the disease.INTRODUÇÃO: a COVID-19 impactou os sistemas de saúde em todo o mundo, rapidamente o vírus disseminou-se no Brasil, atingindo de modo distinto as 27 unidades Federativas do país. A região norte do Brasil registrou o menor número de casos e óbitos acumulados da doença. Entretanto, trata-se de região de grande extensão territorial e baixa densidade demográfica, marcada por desigualdades socioeconômicas, presença de população vulnerável como tribos indígenas, povos ribeirinhos e quilombolas. Os fatores sociodemográficos podem contribuir para a disseminação do coronavírus na região, assim, fazem-se necessários estudos que analisem os indicadores epidemiológicos relacionados à pandemia. OBJETIVO: avaliar as tendências da incidência, mortalidade e letalidade da COVID-19 no estado do Amapá, durante o período de março de 2020 a abril de 2021. MÉTODO: foi realizado um estudo ecológico de séries temporais, com dados de livre acesso, oriundos da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado do Amapá. Foi calculado a taxa de incidência e mortalidade por 100.000 habitantes e letalidade percentual. As taxas brutas foram calculadas por municípios, idade e sexo e por mês. Foi realizado o teste de regressão de Prais-Winsten, as tendências das taxas mensais foram classificadas em crescentes, decrescentes ou estacionárias. RESULTADOS: houve 99,936 casos e 1,468 óbitos acumulados por COVID-19 no Estado do Amapá durante o período estudado. As cidades de Macapá e Santana, que apresentaram densidades demográficas e Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) mais elevados, apresentaram o maior número de casos e óbitos. A população mais vulnerável foi constituída pelos idosos do sexo masculino, com idade igual ou superior a 70 anos, estes indivíduos apresentaram as maiores taxas acumuladas de incidência, letalidade e mortalidade. A segunda onda da doença (outubro de 2020 a abril de 2021) ilustrou um cenário mais agravante, com crescentes nas taxas de incidência e mortalidade. CONCLUSÃO: a pandemia da COVID-19 no estado do Amapá está em crescente evolução, o que ilustra que medidas de prevenção não farmacológicas e aceleração à vacinação devem ser fortalecidas para evitar o desenvolvimento de futuras ondas da doença.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: coronavirus is part of a group of RNA viruses belonging to the Coronaviridae family, widely distributed in humans and other mammals. Currently, it has been seriously affecting the whole world, without a definitive cure yet. OBJECTIVE: to analyse the association between the HDI and confirmed cumulative cases of COVID-19 that occurred during epidemiological week 16 to 53 of 2020, in the State of Acre. METHODS: this is an ecological study of descriptive time series, evaluating the State of Acre and its 22 municipalities affected by COVID-19, in the period corresponding to the epidemiological weeks 16 to 53 of 2020. The State of Acre and its municipalities are aggregated by five regions with a total of approximately 881 thousand inhabitants, with an HDI of 0.663. Rio Branco is the state capital with 407,000 inhabitants. The 22 municipalities were analyzed, relating the HDI variables, confirmed cases per day and number of inhabitants to each other. RESULTS: it was observed that the population evaluated, affected by COVID-19 during SE 16 to 53 of 2020, in the State of Acre, had as predominant general characteristics brown skin color, male sex, and the evolution to death from the disease was related with older age and comorbidity. Acre had a mortality rate (deaths per 100,000 inhabitants) of 90.9 and a lethality rate of 1.9%, with the highest mortality rate observed in the municipality of Rio Branco (121.3/100,000 inhabitants) and lethality in Rodrigues Alves (2.9%). The incidence of COVID-19 in Acre was 4,759.9 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, the municipalities of Assis Brasil and Xapuri had the highest incidences in the state with 10273.7 and 9330.8 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively. CONCLUSION: although the accumulated numbers of cases are different for the same day, the behavior is very similar, that is, the curves vary in the same way over time, regardless of the municipality observed.INTRODUÇÃO: o coronavírus faz parte de um grupo de vírus de RNA pertencente à família Coronaviridae, amplamente distribuídos em humanos e outros mamíferos. Atualmente, vem atingindo de forma grave o mundo todo, sem ainda existir uma cura definitiva. OBJETIVO: analisar a associação entre o IDH e os casos acumulados confirmados de COVID-19 que ocorreram durante a semana epidemiológica (SE) 16 até a (SE) 53 de 2020, no Estado do Acre. MÉTODO: trata-se de um estudo ecológico de séries temporais de caráter descritivo, sendo avaliado o Estado do Acre e seus 22 municípios atingidos pela COVID-19, no período correspondente à SE 16 a 53 de 2020. O Estado do Acre e seus municípios são agregados por cinco regionais com um total de, aproximadamente, 881 mil habitantes, tendo um IDH de 0,663. Rio Branco é a capital do Estado com 407 mil habitantes. Foram analisados os 22 municípios, relacionando entre si as variáveis IDH, casos confirmados por dia e números de habitantes. RESULTADOS: observou-se que a população avaliada acometidas pela COVID-19 durante a SE 16 a 53 de 2020, no Estado do Acre, teve como características gerais predominantes a cor da pele parda, sexo masculino, e a evolução ao óbito pela doença apresentou relação com a idade mais avançada e comorbidade. O Acre apresentou um coeficiente de mortalidade (óbitos por 100 mil habitantes) de 90,9 e de letalidade de 1,9%, sendo que o maior coeficiente de mortalidade foi verificado no município de Rio Branco (121,3/100 mil habitantes) e de letalidade em Rodrigues Alves (2,9%). A incidência da COVID-19 no Acre foi de 4.759,9 casos por 100 mil habitantes, os municípios de Assis Brasil e Xapuri apresentaram as maiores incidências do Estado com 10273,7 e 9330,8 novos casos por 100.001 habitantes, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: apesar dos números acumulados de casos serem diferentes para um mesmo dia, o comportamento é bem similar, isto é, as curvas variam da mesma forma com o passar do tempo, independente do município observado.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: the new coronavirus (COVID-19) disease has been causing economic and health system impacts worldwide, triggering humanitarian crises in vulnerable regions, marked by high mortality rates of the disease. Brazil has been suffering an increase in the number of cases, characteristic of the formation of a second wave, with great epidemiological differences observed in the most diverse regions of the country. Many studies illustrate the behaviour of COVID-19 in the state of São Paulo, but there are gaps in the scientific literature on the epidemiology of COVID-19 in municipalities of the São Paulo metropolitan region that constitute an important industrial pole in Latin America, such as the region of Grande ABC. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate mortality and lethality trends of COVID-19 during the period March 2020 to July 2021, in municipalities on region of Grande ABC, metropolitan region of São Paulo, Brazil, divided into two periods (March to November 2020 and December to July 2021. METHODS: we conducted an ecological time series study with population data from the Brazilian Ministry of Health. We collected the number of cases and deaths confirmed for COVID-19 in the municipalities that make up the region of Grande ABC (Diadema, Mauá, Rio Grande da Serra, Ribeirão Pires, Santo André, São Bernardo do Campo, and São Caetano do Sul) from March 2020 to July 2021. Prais-Winsten linear regression was performed, and the percentage of daily change was calculated. Differences were considered significant when p
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: the context of the Covid-19 pandemic in the Brazilian North region is worrying. There is a lack of resources for Public Health, a low human development index, and poverty indicators above the national average OBJECTIVE: to analyze mortality and lethality from COVID-19 in the State of Roraima, Brazil METHODS: this is an ecological time-series study of secondary data on COVID-19 in Roraima, Northern Brazil, from March 2020 to July 2021. The incidence, mortality, and lethality rates due to COVID-19 were calculated. The Prais-Winsten regression model was used to calculate the time series trends. Trends were classified as increasing, decreasing, or stationary. The trend was considered static when the p-value was not significant (p>0.05 RESULTS: in the state of Roraima, from March 2020 to July 2021, there were 123,125 cases and 1,903 accumulated deaths due to COVID-19. The first wave (March 2020 to October 2021) of COVID-19 recorded the incidence rate (2,995.30 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants - July 2020) and mortality (56.32 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants - June 2020) higher lethality. However, in the second wave (November 2020 to July 2021), the highest lethality rate was observed (3.47% - February 2021). It was observed that during the first wave, the incidence rate of COVID-19 showed increasing trends. During this period, the mortality rate had a stationary tendency (p>0.05) and the percentage lethality with a decreasing trend (p
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: the COVID-19 pandemic incited unprecedented global restrictions on society's behavior. Home detachment and isolation measures applied during the COVID-19 pandemic can result in problems with sleep quality. It is an important measure to reduce the risk of infection from the COVID-19 outbreak. OBJECTIVE: to analyse the existence of a difference between the quality of sleep before and during the home distance imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: cross-sectional web-based survey was sent using different conventional social media to collect data from the study population. The evaluated group was composed of 124 subjects, 57 of whom were male and 67 were female from the city of Rio Branco / AC. For this study, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (PSQI-BR) and a socio-demographic questionnaire were used. The volunteers received a link along with the description and purpose of the study. Finally, data analysis was performed using SPSS 22.0 software RESULTS: sleep quality worsened significantly during home distance in four sleep components (subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep drowsiness and overall PSQI score). During social distance, poor sleep was greater among respondents (OR = 5.68; 95% CI = 1.80-17.82; p = 0.70. CONCLUSION: the results indicated that there was a significant difference between the quality of sleep before and during home detachment and sleep disturbance and the subjective quality of sleep before and during the period of the outbreak of COVID-19 were the components that most worsened in the state of sleep.INTRODUÇÃO: a pandemia COVID-19 incitou restrições globais e sem precedentes ao comportamento da sociedade. O distanciamento domiciliar e as medidas de isolamento aplicadas durante a pandemia COVID-19 podem resultar em problemas na qualidade do sono. É uma medida importante para diminuir o risco de infecção do surto COVID-19. OBJETIVO: analisar a existência de diferença entre a qualidade do sono antes e durante o distanciamento domiciliar imposto pela pandemia de COVID-19. MÉTODO: pesquisa transversal baseada na web foi enviada por meio de diferentes mídias sociais convencionais visando coletar dados da população do estudo. O grupo avaliado foi composto por 124 sujeitos, sendo 57 do sexo masculino e 67 do sexo feminino da cidade de Rio Branco/AC. Para este estudo, foi utilizado o questionário do Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh (PSQI-BR) e um sóciodemográfico. Os voluntários receberam um link junto com a descrição e o objetivo do estudo. Por fim, a análise dos dados foi realizada no software SPSS 22.0. RESULTADOS: a qualidade do sono piorou significativamente durante o distanciamento domicilia em quatro componentes do sono (qualidade subjetiva do sono, latência do sono, sonolência do sono e pontuação geral do PSQI). Durante o distanciamento social foi maior o sono ruim entre os entrevistados (OR = 5,68; IC 95% = 1,80-17,82; p=0,70. CONCLUSÃO: os resultados indicaram que houve diferença significativa entre a qualidade do sono antes e durante o distanciamento domiciliar e o distúrbio do sono e a qualidade subjetiva do sono antes e durante o período do surto de COVID-19 foram os componentes que mais apresentaram piora no estado do sono.
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    • Abstract: BACKGROUND: the involvement of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) in COVID-19 is rare and, to date, morphological aspects from muscle and nerve biopsies have not been reported. Here, we describe a case of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) related to COVID-19 and demonstrate findings from peripheral nerve and skeletal muscle biopsies. A 79-year-old man presented with progressive weakness in both legs over one-week, evolving to both arms and urinary retention within 6 days. Four days earlier, he had a cough, febrile sensation and mild respiratory discomfort. On admission, his was afebrile, and without respiratory distress. A neurological examination disclosed asymmetric proximal weakness, diminished reflexes and no sensitive abnormalities. Three days later, the patient presented with bilateral facial weakness and proximal muscle strength worsened. Deep tendon reflexes and plantar responses were absent. Both superficial and profound sensitivity were decreased. From this point, oxygen saturation worsened, and the patient was placed on mechanical ventilation. CSF testing revealed one cell and protein 185 mg/dl. A chest CT showed the presence of ground-glass opacities and RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 was positive. The muscle biopsy revealed moderate neuromyopathic findings with positive expression for MHC-class I, C5b9, CD8 and CD68. The nerve biopsy showed inflammatory infiltrates predominantly with endoneurial compound formed by CD45 and CD68. The patient was treated with Oseltamivir for 9 days followed by IVIG for 5 days and died three days later of septic shock. DISCUSSION: this is the first documented case of GBS associated with COVID-19 with a muscle and nerve anatomopathological study. A systematic review about neurological complications caused by COVID-19 described 11 patients with GBS. The morphological features reported in our patient showed signs of involvement of the immune system, suggesting that direct viral invasion could have played a role in the pathogenesis of peripheral nerve injury. Hereafter, further research will be necessary to understand the triggers for these cells migrating into the peripheral nerve.INTRODUÇÃO: O envolvimento do sistema nervoso periférico (SNP) na COVID-19 é raro e, até o momento, os aspectos morfológicos de biópsias de músculo e nervo não foram relatados. Descrevemos um caso de Síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) na vigência de COVID-19 destacando os achados na biopsia de músculo e nervo. Um homem de 79 anos apresentou fraqueza progressiva em ambas as pernas ao longo de uma semana, evoluindo para ambos os braços e retenção urinária em 6 dias. Quatro dias antes, apresentou tosse, sensação febril e leve desconforto respiratório. Na admissão, apresentava-se afebril e sem alteração respiratória. O exame neurológico mostrou fraqueza proximal assimétrica, reflexos diminuídos e sensibilidade preservada. Três dias após, o paciente evoluiu com fraqueza facial bilateral e piora da força muscular proximal. Reflexos tendinosos profundos e cutâneo plantar ausentes bilateralmente. A sensibilidade superficial e profunda estavam diminuídas. Evoluiu com piora na saturação de oxigênio sendo colocado sob ventilação mecânica. O exame de liquor revelou uma célula e aumento de proteína (185 mg / dl). A TC de tórax revelou a presença de opacidades em vidro fosco e o RT-PCR para SARS-CoV-2 foi positivo. A biópsia muscular mostrou achados neuromiopáticos moderados com imunoexpressão positiva para MHC classe I, C5b9, CD8 e CD68. A biópsia de nervo revelou infiltrado inflamatório inflamatórios predominantemente endoneural composto por CD45 e CD68. O paciente foi tratado com Oseltamivir por 9 dias seguido de IVIG por 5 dias indo a óbito após três dias por choque séptico. DISCUSSÃO: Este é o primeiro caso documentado de SGB associada a COVID-19 com estudo anatomopatológico de músculo e nervo. Uma revisão sistemática de complicações neurológicas associadas à COVID-19 descreveu 11 pacientes com SGB. As características morfológicas em nosso paciente mostrando sinais de envolvimento do sistema imunológico sugere que a invasão viral direta pode ter colaborado no processo patogênico da lesão neuromuscular. A partir daí, mais pesquisas serão necessárias para entender os gatilhos para essas células migrarem para o nervo periférico.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: at this critical moment of the COVID -19 pandemic, we observe the social withdrawal and the break from the routine of individuals in society, for people with disabilities who need adequate support and a routine of more intense and effective activities may feel a greater need for care and attention of family support for solving everyday problems. OBJECTIVE: to identify factors associated with the impact of the pandemic on the quality of life of individuals with disabilities and their caregivers. METHODS: a virtual survey was carried out with parents and caregivers of people with disabilities to identify the main factors associated with the impact of the Pandemic on daily life and social relationships between family and community. RESULTS: of the parents and caregivers we had access to and answered the questionnaire, 90% are residents of the ABC region of São Paulo. Their children and adolescents with disabilities are between 4 and 18 years old. The main scores of caregivers on difficulties in care during the pandemic, 70% felt helpless at some point, 17% had difficulties in performing self-care activities, 42% had anguish and fear during the period, 83% have the greatest responsibility for household decisions, and about 50% can share those decisions. CONCLUSION: the main complaints about the care of people with disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic are related to the feeling of fear and anguish that affects decision-making and family relationships, which influences self-care activities and mental health of this population.INTRODUÇÃO: neste momento crítico da pandemia de COVID -19, observamos o afastamento social e a quebra da rotina dos indivíduos na sociedade, para a pessoa com deficiência que necessita de suporte adequado e uma rotina de atividades mais intensas e efetivas podem sentir maior necessidade de cuidado e atenção do suporte familiar para resolução que problemas cotidianos. OBJETIVO: identificar os fatores associados ao impacto da pandemia na Qualidade de vida dos indivíduos com deficiência e seus cuidadores. MÉTODO: foi realizado um inquérito virtual com pais e cuidadores de pessoas com deficiência no para identificar os principais fatores associados ao impacto da Pandemia no cotidiano e nas relações sociais entre família e comunidade. RESULTADOS: dos pais e cuidadores que tivemos acesso e responderam ao questionário, 90% são residentes da região do ABC de São Paulo, suas crianças e adolescentes com deficiência têm entre 4 e 18 anos de idade. As principais pontuações dos cuidadores sobre as dificuldades no cuidado durante a pandemia, 70% se sentiram desamparadas em algum momento, 17% tiveram dificuldades para realizar atividades de autocuidado, 42% tiveram angústias e medo durante o período,83% tem a maior responsabilidade nas decisões do lar, e cerca de 50% conseguem compartilhar tais decisões. CONCLUSÃO: das principais queixas para o cuidado da pessoa com deficiência durante a pandemia de COVID-19, estão relacionadas a sensação de medo e angústia que afeta a tomada de decisão e as relações familiares, o que influencia as atividades de autocuidado e na saúde mental desta população.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: With the arrival of the SARS-CoV-2 (Coronavirus 2 of severe acute respiratory syndrome) pandemic in Brazil, especially in the city of São Paulo, there was a need to apply social isolation policies associated with testing, covering all municipalities. The Clinical Analysis Laboratory of Centro Universitário FMABC was one of the first laboratories to receive certification and qualification to perform RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase reaction followed by polymerase chain reaction) tests in the metropolitan region of São Paulo OBJECTIVE: Aim to analyze the influence of adopting social isolation on the incidence of positivity in COVID-19 tests in the metropolitan region of São Paulo, Brazil METHODS: a descriptive study carried out from March to May 2020, epidemiological data were collected from each unit served and organized by the data controllership team of the Clinical Analysis Laboratory of FMABC. Epidemiological, demographic, and laboratory data were extracted from the Matrix® outpatient data management system. Clinically suspected cases and confirmed by laboratory tests (RT-PCR and serological tests) were entered. The tests were divided into serological tests using the RT-PCR molecular test, on samples of nasopharyngeal mucosal scrapings collected with sterile Swab RESULTS: It were evaluated PCR test and antibody presence (IgA, IgM and IgG) in blood samples of 16.297 patients. 22.718 tests were performed for the diagnosis of COVID-19, both RT-PCR (10.410 tests) and serological tests to detect anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, IgA, IgM and IgG, a total of 16.297 patients were assessed, 63% women and 37% men. It was observed that the social isolation policies adopted during this period contained the massive expansion of contamination, at least while the social isolation rates were above 55% CONCLUSION: The data of this study demonstrated the effectiveness of social isolation in containing the positive contamination of SARS-CoV-2 in the metropolitan region of São Paulo, at least for the first three monthsINTRODUÇÃO: com a chegada da pandemia de SARS-CoV-2 (Coronavirus 2 da síndrome respiratória aguda grave) ao Brasil, especialmente na cidade de São Paulo, houve a necessidade de aplicar medidas de distanciamento social associado a testagem, que abrangesse todos os municípios. A região metropolitana de São Paulo compreende 39 municípios e possui uma rede de laboratórios habilitados a realizar a testagem para a detecção do coronavírus, tanto testes sorológicos quanto moleculares. O Laboratório de Análises Clínicas do Centro Universitário ABC/FMABC foi um dos primeiros laboratórios a receber a certificação e habilitação para realizar os testes RT-PCR (reação da transcriptase reversa seguida pela reação em cadeia da polimerase) na região metropolitana de São Paulo OBJETIVO: analisar a influência da adoção do isolamento social na incidência de positividade nos testes de COVID-19 em região metropolitana de São Paulo, Brasil MÉTODO: estudo descritivo realizado no período de março a maio de 2020, os dados epidemiológicos foram coletados de cada unidade atendida e organizada pela equipe de controladoria de dados do Laboratório de Análises Clínicas da FMABC. Os dados epidemiológicos, demográficos e laboratoriais foram extraídos do sistema Matrix® de gerenciamento de dados ambulatoriais. Foram inseridos os casos clinicamente suspeitos e confirmados por testes de laboratório (RT-PCR e testes sorológicos). Os testes foram divididos em testes sorológicos no teste molecular RT-PCR, em amostras de raspado de mucosa nasofaríngea coletada com Swab estéril RESULTADOS: foram avaliados o teste de RT-PCR e a presença de anticorpos (IgA, IgM e IgG) em amostras de sangue de 16.297 pacientes. Foram realizados 22.718 testes para o diagnóstico de COVID-19, tanto RT-PCR (10.410 testes), quanto testes sorológicos para detecção de anticorpos anti-SARS-CoV-2, IgA, IgM e IgG, um total de 16.297 pacientes foram avaliados, 63% mulheres e 37% homens. Observou-se que as políticas de isolamento social adotadas nesse período continham a expansão massiva da contaminação, pelo menos enquanto as taxas de isolamento social eram superiores a 55% CONCLUSÃO: nossos dados demonstraram a efetividade do isolamento social na retenção da positividade da contaminação do SARS-CoV-2 nas cidades contempladas pelo serviço de testagem do Centro Universitário Saúde ABC, pelo menos nos três primeiros meses
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: the Covid-19 pandemic made discrepancies between the different educational realities more evident for schoolchildren in the beginning of literacy. OBJECTIVE: to characterize the performance of cognitive-linguistic skills of students in early literacy phases during the pandemic. METHODS: twenty-two elementary school students participated in this study, distributed in GI 1st year students and 2nd year GII students, submitted to the application of the Cognitive-Linguistic Skills Assessment Protocol for students in the initial stage of literacy RESULTS: students from GI and GII showed average performance for writing the name and writing the alphabet in sequence. The GI presented a refusal response for the subtests of word dictation, pseudoword dictation and picture dictation, word repetition and visual sequential memory of shapes and poor performance for alphabet recognition in random order and average performance for alphabet recognition in sequence. GII showed lower performance for the subtests of word dictation, pseudoword dictation, picture dictation and superior performance for alphabet recognition in random order, alphabet in sequence and visual sequential memory of shapes. DISCUSSION: the appropriation of the letter-sound relationship mechanism raises questions, since it evidenced the difficulty of all students in cognitive-linguistic skills necessary for the full development of reading and writing in an alphabetic writing system such as Brazilian Portuguese. CONCLUSION: students in the 1st and 2nd years showed lower performance in cognitive-linguistic skills important for learning reading and writing.INTRODUÇÃO: a pandemia do Covid-19 tornou mais evidentes as discrepâncias entre as diferentes realidades educacionais para os escolares em início de alfabetização. OBJETIVO: caracterizar o desempenho de habilidades cognitivo-linguísticas de escolares em fase inicial de alfabetização durante a pandemia. MÉTODO: participaram deste estudo 22 escolares do Ensino Fundamental I, distribuídos em GI escolares do 1º ano e GII escolares do 2º ano, submetidos a aplicação do Protocolo de Avaliação das Habilidades Cognitivo-Linguísticas para escolares em fase inicial de alfabetização RESULTADOS: os escolares do GI e GII apresentaram desempenho médio para escrita do nome e escrita do alfabeto em sequência. O GI apresentou resposta de recusa para os subtestes de ditado de palavras, ditado de pseudopalavras e ditado de figuras, repetição de palavras e memória sequencial visual de formas e desempenho inferior para reconhecimento do alfabeto em ordem aleatória e desempenho médio para reconhecimento do alfabeto em sequência. O GII apresentou desempenho inferior para os subtestes de ditado de palavras, ditado de pseudopalavras, ditado de figura e desempenho superior para reconhecimento do alfabeto em ordem aleatória, alfabeto em sequência e memória sequencial visual de formas. DISCUSSÃO: a apropriação do mecanismo de relação letra-som traz questionamentos, uma vez que, evidenciou a dificuldade de todos os escolares em habilidades cognitivo-linguísticas necessárias para o pleno desenvolvimento da leitura e da escrita em um sistema de escrita alfabético como o Português Brasileiro. CONCLUSÃO: os escolares do 1º e 2º anos apresentaram desempenhos inferiores em habilidades cognitivo-linguística importantes para a aprendizagem da leitura e escrita.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: since the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed in February 2020, Brazil has reported more than 20 million cases and more than 600,000 deaths on October 31, 2021. The behavior of the pandemic was also different in the various states, from the less developed to the more developed, such as the state of São Paulo. OBJECTIVE: to describe step-by-step time series for analyzing trends in mortality, lethality and incidence of COVID-19 in Brazil. METHODS: a protocol for an ecological study of time series, covering the 26 states and the federal district (Brasilia). RESULTS: the descriptions have the potential to provide information for the government and society in decision-making about knowledge and conduct, clinical, epidemiological and research investments in health care services for the Brazilian people. It is focused on fully understanding the spread of SARS-COV-2 infection in the Brazilian territory and developing a database for public and universal access for comparative studies between countries and continents. CONCLUSION: databases built from ecological studies are essential for a full understanding of the virus behavior, its transmissibility, lethality and mortality, and a repository for data collected and integrated from multiple sources. They are relevant tools for the search of information and decision-making in global health.INTRODUÇÃO: a Introdução: Desde que o primeiro caso de COVID-19 foi confirmado em fevereiro de 2020, o Brasil notificou mais de 20 milhões de casos e mais de 600.000 mortes em 31 de outubro de 2021. O comportamento da pandemia também foi diferente nas várias regiões do país, desde aquelas de menor desenvolvimento econômico à de maior desenvolvimento econômico, tal qual o Estado de São Paulo. OBJETIVO: descrever o passo a passo de séries temporais para análise das tendências de mortalidade, letalidade e incidência de COVID-19 no Brasil. MÉTODO: etapas de um protocolo para um estudo ecológico de séries temporais e com cobertura dos 26 Estados e Distrito Federal (Brasilia). RESULTADOS: as descrições possuem potencial de prover informações para o governo e sociedade nas tomadas de decisões acerca do conhecimento e conduta, clínica, epidemiológica e de investimentos em pesquisa cuidados à saude do povo brasileiro, com foco no pleno entendimento da disseminação da infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2 em território brasileiro, bem como desenvolver banco de dados para acesso público e universal para estudos comparativos entre países e continentes. CONCLUSÃO: banco de dados construídos a partir de estudos ecológicos são imprescindíveis ao pleno entendimento do comportamento do vírus, sua transmissibilidade, letalidade e mortalidade, bem como constitui-se em repositório para busca de informações e tomadas de decisão em saúde pública.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Inserted in the vulnerable context of the Brazilian Amazon, the state of Tocantins has suffered damages with the dissemination of COVID-19 in its territory; however, little evidence is published from this state. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the case-fatality, mortality, and incidence of COVID-19 in Tocantins. METHODS: This is an ecological study, population-based, time-series analysis of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the state of Tocantins from March 2020 to August 2021. RESULTS: During the examined period, 219,031 COVID-19 cases, and 3,594 deaths were registered due to disease. Two possible occurrence peaks were characterized in this time-series analysis. Remarkably, the Second Wave had the highest lethality rates (3.02% - April 2021), mortality (39.81 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants - March 2021), and incidence (1,938.88 cases per 100,000 inhabitants - March 2021). At the end of the period, mortality, incidence, and lethality showed flat trends, suggesting a positive outcome of the vaccination program. CONCLUSION: The prevention, surveillance, and control actions of COVID-19 cases in Tocantins State have been directed to mitigate the deleterious effects of the pandemic. Nevertheless, efforts are still needed to decrease lethality, mortality, and incidence trends, and ultimately to achieve control of the COVID-19 pandemic in the regionINTRODUÇÃO: Inserido em vulnerável contexto da Amazônia Brasileira, o estado de Tocantis tem sofrido danos com a disseminação da COVID-19 em seu território; entretanto, escassas evidências têm sido publicadas sobre este estado. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a letalidade, mortalidade e incidência da COVID-19 em Tocantins. MÉTODO: Este é um estudo ecológico, de base populacional, com análises de séries temporais de casos e óbitos de COVID-19 no estado do Tocantins de março de 2020 a agosto de 2021. RESULTADOS: No período examinado, foram registrados 219.031 casos de COVID-19 e 3,594 óbitos devido a doença. Foram caracterizadas nesta análise de série temporal a formação de duas possíveis ondas. Notavelmente, a segunda onda apresentou as maiores taxas de letalidade (3,02% - abril de 2021), mortalidade (39,81 óbitos por 100.000 habitantes - março de 2021) e incidência (1.938,88 casos por 100.000 habitantes - março de 2021). No final do período, a mortalidade, incidência e letalidade apresentaram tendências estacionárias, sugerindo um resultado positivo do programa de vacinação. CONCLUSÃO: As ações de prevenção, vigilância e controle dos casos de COVID-19 no Estado do Tocantins têm sido direcionadas para mitigar os efeitos deletérios da pandemia. No entanto, esforços ainda são necessários para diminuir as tendências da letalidade, mortalidade e, em última instância, para alcançar o controle da pandemia de COVID-19 na região.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: coronavirus 2019 Disease (COVID-19) was quickly declared a pandemic, and Brazil is facing the most significant health and hospital crisis in its history. From March to June 2021 represented 50.8% of all deaths in the State of Espirito Santo OBJECTIVE: to analyze the lethality and mortality by COVID-19 in the State of Espirito Santo from March 2020 to June 2021. METHODS: an ecological study was carried out, using a time series of public and official data available on the Health Department of the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. Were considered information about cases and deaths (from March 2020 to June 2021) of COVID-19. Percentage case-fatality and mortality and incidence rates per 100,000 population were calculated. Time-series analyses were performed using the Prais-Winsten regression model, estimating the Daily Percent Change (DPC), and the trends were classified as flat, increasing, or decreasing. Significant differences were considered when p
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: the initial spread of the pandemic in Brazil was mainly affected by patterns of socioeconomic vulnerability. It should be noted that the Central-West region of Brazil is one of the regions with the lowest number of cases, but the states of this region together have the highest mortality rate of COVID-19 in the country. Goiás was the most affected state of this region, with the highest number of deaths in the area. OBJECTIVE: to assess the incidence of mortality and lethality caused by COVID-19 from March 2020 to June 2021 in the State of Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: an ecological study, using a series of time series of public and official data of the Department of Health of the State of Goiás, Brazil. Information was collected on cases and deaths from COVID-19 from March 2020 to June 2021. Mortality, case fatality, and incidence rates were calculated. The Prais-Wisten regression model was used to build time series. The daily percent change (DPC) and the effective reproductive number (Rt) were estimated. RESULTS: Goiás had a predominance of a greater viral spread during the first and the beginning of the second wave, with Rt higher than 1. The second wave from December 2020 to June 2021 was more lethal and had higher mortality rates than the first wave. It was observed, higher scores of case fatality and mortality belonged to males and the elderly. CONCLUSION: an analysis of mortality and case fatality rates helps understand the COVID-19 pandemic behavior in Goiás. It is essential to monitor epidemiological indicators and strengthen intervention strategies to contain the pandemic in this state.INTRODUÇÃO: a propagação inicial da pandemia no Brasil foi afetada principalmente por padrões de vulnerabilidade socioeconômica. Ressalta-se que a região Centro-Oeste do Brasil é uma das regiões com menor número de casos, mas os estados dessa região juntos apresentaram a maior taxa de mortalidade por COVID-19 do país. Goiás foi o estado mais afetado da região, com o maior número de óbitos. OBJETIVO: avaliar a incidência, mortalidade e letalidade por COVID-19 no Estado de Goiás, Brasil, no período de março de 2020 a junho de 2021. MÉTODO: estudo ecológico, utilizando séries temporais de dados públicos e oficiais da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado de Goiás, Brasil. As informações foram coletadas sobre casos e óbitos de COVID-19 de março de 2020 a junho de 2021. Mortalidade, letalidade e taxas de incidência foram calculadas. O modelo de regressão Prais-Wisten foi usado para construir séries temporais. A mudança percentual diária (DPC) e o número reprodutivo efetivo (Rt) foram estimados. RESULTADOS: Goiás teve predomínio de maior disseminação viral durante a primeira onda e o início da segunda onda, com Rt maior que 1. A segunda onda, dezembro de 2020 a junho de 2021, foi mais letal e apresentou taxas de mortalidade maiores que a primeira onda. Observou-se que os maiores escores de letalidade e mortalidade pertenciam ao sexo masculino e aos idosos CONCLUSÃO: uma análise das taxas de mortalidade e letalidade ajuda a entender o comportamento da pandemia do COVID-19 em Goiás. É fundamental monitorar indicadores epidemiológicos e fortalecer estratégias de intervenção para conter a pandemia neste estado.
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    • Abstract: BACKGROUNG: COVID-19 is an acute respiratory disease originally from China that emerged in December 2019 and quickly spread around the world, affecting 230,418.415 people, and causing 4,724,876 deaths. Coming from the coronavirus family, SARS-CoV-2 is a new subtype of virus that affects the respiratory tract in different levels and can spread and affect other vital structures in the body. OBJECTIVE: to identify the risk factors that lead patients infected by the new coronavirus to develop kidney disease. METHODS: this is a systematic review of the Scoping Review type (scope review), according to the method proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute, with the implementation of a checklist structured by PRISMA-ScR that contains 22 mandatory items. The following descriptors were used: coronavirus infection, acute kidney injury and risk factors in five databases, namely PudMed, Scopus, Embase, Virtual Health Library and Web of Science. RESULTS: while reading the studies, it was concluded that Acute Kidney Injury was the main renal finding in patients contaminated by SARS-CoV-2. The risk factors for developing renal worsening in patients with COVID-19 were the extremes of age, race, sex, pre-existing diseases, and the disease evolution. CONCLUSION: it is assumed that renal involvement does not occur only for an exclusive reason, but as a set of factors. It is up to the health team to pay constant attention to the warning signs by monitoring the contaminated patient.INTRODUÇÃO: COVID-19 é uma doença respiratória aguda original da China que surgiu em dezembro de 2019 e se alastrou rapidamente pelo mundo, atingindo 230.418.415 pessoas e levando 4.724.876 pessoas a óbito. Vindo da família do coronavírus, o SARS-CoV-2 é o novo subtipo de vírus que afeta o trato respiratório em diversos níveis, podendo se alastrar e afetar outras estruturas vitais do corpo. OBJETIVO: identificar os fatores de risco que levam o paciente contaminado pelo SARS-CoV-2 a desenvolver afecções renais. MÉTODO: trata-se de uma revisão sistemática do tipo Scoping Review (revisão de escopo), de acordo com o método de revisão proposto pelo Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), com a implementação de um check-list estruturado pelo PRISMA-ScR que contém 22 itens de carácter obrigatórios na revisão. Utilizado os descritores: infecção por coronavírus (coronavírus infection), lesão renal aguda (acute kidney injury) e fatores de risco (risk factors) em cinco bases de dados, sendo elas PudMed, Scopus, Embase, BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde) e Web of Science. RESULTADOS: durante a leitura dos estudos, chegou-se em conclusão de que a Lesão Renal Aguda (LRA) fora o principal achado renal em pacientes contaminados pelo SARS-Cov-2. Os fatores de risco para desenvolver o agravamento renal em pacientes com COVID-19 foi o extremo da idade, raça, sexo, doenças pré-existentes e a evolução da doença. CONCLUSÃO: supõe-se que o acometimento renal não ocorra apenas por um motivo exclusivo, mas como uma conjuntura de fatores. Cabe a equipe de saúde se atentar de forma constante para os sinais de alerta mediante o acompanhamento do paciente contaminado.
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    • Abstract: INTRODUCTION: By late 2019, China notified a new disease rising, and with the agent's identification, it was called COVID-19. Despite the efforts of the World Health Organization (WHO) and worldwide countries, the disease spread out of control; on March 11, WHO declared the pandemic state. Brazil is the biggest country in South America, demarcated into 26 states with different economic, cultural, and social aspects. Paraná is one of the Brazilian federative units, it is the sixth more economically important and ranks second in Education. Its first COVID-19 case was confirmed on March 12, 2020, and the first death was on March 27, two weeks after the first death in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: This study objective is to determine the mortality and case-fatality rates of COVID-19 in the State of Paraná, Brazil, from March 1, 2020, to March 31, 2021. METHODS: It is an ecological time-series study, using all cases (854,326) and deaths (17,229 deaths) of COVID-19 reported in public and official database of the State of Paraná Health Department. Case fatality and mortality rates were stratified by sex and age. For trend analysis, the period was divided into a first "wave" (March to November 2020) and a second "wave" (December 2020 to March 2021). The Prais-Winsten regression model for population mortality and case-fatality rates allowed classifying whether it increased, decreased, or was flat. RESULTS: Women were more affected by the number of cases, with 454,056 cases (53.15%) confirmed and 7,257 fatalities (42.12%). A total of 400,270 men (46.85%) were infected and 9,972(57.87%) died. For the first year of COVID-19, in the State of Paraná, the incidence was calculated as 7404.12/100,000 inhabitants, the mortality was 149.32/100,000 inhabitants, and the case-fatality rate was 2.02%. We saw a tendency for decreasing the case-fatality rate (DPC = -0,18; p
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