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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 601 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
New School Psychology Bulletin     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
O Que Nos Faz Pensar : Cadernos do Departamento de Filosofia da PUC-Rio     Open Access  
OA Autism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Occupational Health Science     Hybrid Journal  
Online Readings in Psychology and Culture     Open Access  
Open Journal of Medical Psychology     Open Access  
Open Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Neuroimaging Journal     Open Access  
Open Psychology Journal     Open Access  
Organisational and Social Dynamics: An International Journal of Psychoanalytic, Systemic and Group Relations Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Organizational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Orientación y Sociedad : Revista Internacional e Interdisciplinaria de Orientación Vocacional Ocupacional     Open Access  
Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto)     Open Access  
Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Papeles del Psicólogo     Open Access  
Pastoral Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Peace and Conflict : Journal of Peace Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Pensamiento Psicologico     Open Access  
Pensando Familias     Open Access  
Pensando Psicología     Open Access  
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Perception     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Perceptual and Motor Skills     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Persona     Open Access  
Persona : Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia     Open Access  
Persona Studies     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 150)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Personnel Assessment and Decisions     Open Access  
Personnel Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la santé     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Perspectives on Behavior Science     Hybrid Journal  
Perspectives On Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Perspectives Psy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Phenomenology & Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Philosophical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Physiology & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
physiopraxis     Hybrid Journal  
PiD - Psychotherapie im Dialog     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Poiésis     Open Access  
Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Political Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
PPmP - Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Practice Innovations     Full-text available via subscription  
Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pratiques Psychologiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie     Hybrid Journal  
Problems of Psychology in the 21st Century     Open Access  
Professional Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Progress in Brain Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psic : Revista de Psicologia da Vetor Editora     Open Access  
Psico     Open Access  
Psicoanalisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicobiettivo     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoespacios     Open Access  
Psicogente     Open Access  
Psicol?gica Journal     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Psicologia : Teoria e Pesquisa     Open Access  
Psicologia : Teoria e Prática     Open Access  
Psicologia da Educação     Open Access  
Psicologia della salute     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicología desde el Caribe     Open Access  
Psicologia di Comunità. Gruppi, ricerca-azione, modelli formativi     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia e Saber Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia e Saúde em Debate     Open Access  
Psicologia em Pesquisa     Open Access  
Psicologia em Revista     Open Access  
Psicologia Ensino & Formação     Open Access  
Psicologia Hospitalar     Open Access  
Psicologia Iberoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia para América Latina     Open Access  
Psicologia USP     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psicología, Conocimiento y Sociedad     Open Access  
Psicologia, Saúde e Doenças     Open Access  
Psicooncología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psicoperspectivas     Open Access  
Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane     Full-text available via subscription  
Psikis : Jurnal Psikologi Islami     Open Access  
Psikohumaniora : Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi     Open Access  
Psisula : Prosiding Berkala Psikologi     Open Access  
Psocial : Revista de Investigación en Psicología Social     Open Access  
Psych     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PsyCh Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
PSYCH up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Psych. Pflege Heute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychê     Open Access  
Psyche: A Journal of Entomology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Psychiatrie et violence     Open Access  
Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Psychiatrische Praxis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 358)
Psychoanalysis and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Psychoanalysis, Self and Context     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Psychoanalytic Dialogues: The International Journal of Relational Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Psychoanalytic Inquiry: A Topical Journal for Mental Health Professionals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Psychoanalytic Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Psychoanalytic Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Psychoanalytic Review The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Psychoanalytic Study of the Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychodynamic Practice: Individuals, Groups and Organisations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Psychodynamic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Psychogeriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychologia : Advances de la Disciplina     Open Access  
Psychologica     Open Access  
Psychologica Belgica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Psychological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 209)
Psychological Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Psychological Perspectives: A Semiannual Journal of Jungian Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Psychological Research on Urban Society     Open Access  
Psychological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 187)
Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 253)
Psychological Science and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science In the Public Interest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Psychological Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Psychological Thought     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Psychologie Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations     Hybrid Journal  
Psychologie Française     Full-text available via subscription  
Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psychologische Rundschau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Psychology     Open Access  
Psychology & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Psychology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychology and Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Psychology and Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal  
Psychology and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Psychology in Russia: State of the Art     Free   (Followers: 2)
Psychology in Society     Open Access  
Psychology Learning & Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychology of Language and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Psychology of Leaders and Leadership     Full-text available via subscription  
Psychology of Learning and Motivation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Psychology of Men and Masculinity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Psychology of Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Psychology of Popular Media Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Psychology of Religion and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Psychology of Violence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Psychology of Well-Being : Theory, Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Psychology of Women Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Psychology Research and Behavior Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Psychology, Community & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Psychology, Crime & Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Psychology, Health & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Psychology, Public Policy, and Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Psychometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Psychomusicology : Music, Mind, and Brain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Psychoneuroendocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Psychopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
psychopraxis. neuropraxis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Psychosomatic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychosomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Psychotherapeut     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Psychotherapy and Politics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Psychotherapy in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Psychotherapy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
PsychTech & Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Psyecology - Bilingual Journal of Environmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Psyke & Logos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Psykhe (Santiago)     Open Access  
Quaderni di Gestalt     Full-text available via subscription  
Quaderns de Psicologia     Open Access  
Qualitative Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Qualitative Research in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Qualitative Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Quality and User Experience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Quantitative Methods for Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Reading Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Rehabilitation Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Religion, Brain & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Culture and Brain
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2193-8652 - ISSN (Online) 2193-8660
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Self-assertive interdependence in Mongolian culture: evidence from
           cognitive anthropology

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      Abstract: Abstract The present research supports a socioecological perspective that initially evolved from a relatively harsh environment and developed a unique type of self-assertive interdependence by comparing Mongolian and Han college students’ self-construal. Mongolian represent a major cultural group, yet one that is relatively neglected in cultural psychology. We hypothesize that Mongolian culture is characterized by a unique form of interdependence that is self-assertive. Mongolian cultural identity emerged historically in regions with harsh ecological and climatic environments in which it was necessary to protect the survival of tribal groups. Individuals in Mongolian cultures were honor-bound to be respectful and trustworthy group members. To support this hypothesis, the current study used a picture classification task, symbolic self-inflation task, causal attribution task, and implicit social orientation task to investigate whether Mongolian and Han college students’ socioecological environment and historic culture lead to differences in self-construal. In the picture classification task and causal attribution task, both Mongolian and Han participants show holistic cognition, holistic social cognition, and interdependence. However, Mongolians exhibited higher self-inflation and greater pride and self-esteem than Han participants in the symbolic self-inflation and implicit social orientation tasks. Thus, our finding suggests that Mongolian college students show the cultural and psychological characteristics of the coexistence of self-assertive and interdependence. The Mongolian socioecological environment and production modes have become essential ecological variables, affecting their descendants’ self-construal.
      PubDate: 2022-06-22
       
  • Impact of social economic development on positive and negative affect
           among Chinese college students: a cross-temporal meta-analysis,
           2001–2016

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      Abstract: Abstract There have been data revealing the past changes of well-being and its cognitive component, i.e., life satisfaction among Chinese, but the changes of affective component of subjective well-being were undetermined. The present study focused on the past changes of positive and negative affect among Chinese. Study 1 preliminarily examined the cross-temporal trends of affect words frequency in Chinese books based on Google Ngram Viewer from 2001 to 2008, and found that positive affect words appeared more frequently, while frequency of negative affect words did not change obviously. In Study 2, a cross-temporal meta-analysis on positive and negative affect was conducted during 2001–2016 among Chinese college students, and the potential moderation effects of GDP growth rate and perceived social mobility change were explored. Based on weighted regression and representation similarity analysis, results showed that positive affect had improved during 2001–2016 among Chinese college students, while negative affect remained largely unchanged. In addition, there was significant moderation effect of GDP growth rate in negative affect change, and perceived social mobility change in both positive and negative affect changes. Altogether, the present findings supplemented the existing literature by providing evidence on rising positive affective states among Chinese college students during the period which China experienced the greatest economic growth and social transform in history.
      PubDate: 2022-06-09
       
  • Conscious self-monitoring: from molecule to culture

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      Abstract: Abstract Biological evolution has led to more and more complex organisms, including humans with highly developed brains. This has facilitated adaptation to changing circumstances through conscious self-monitoring, allowing individuals to learn from experiences and to form cultural entities. More recently, a paralimbic brain network instrumental in self-awareness has been defined. It consists of two medially located hubs regulated by dopamine via GABAergic neurons. Its function requires multiple oscillations and is therefore highly oxygen dependent and vulnerable in penuria. This predicament may lead to major disorders like schizophrenia, addiction, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and autism. Recent observations have shown that the relative activity in the medial paralimbic network of self-awareness and the angular gyri is different between Westerners and Orientals, with more angular activity in the latter group. The difference seems to reflect less egocentricity in oriental cultures compared to western culture. Alignment of activity pattern among individuals is a general feature of each culture, reflecting a continuum between intrinsic cognition and external environment. In disease, it is therefore important to focus not only on intrinsic cognition and external environment separately, but also on their interaction. We here propose that dopamine–gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) interacting hubs in the network are a cornerstone not only for health, but even human culture.
      PubDate: 2022-05-27
       
  • Non-genetic linkage of personality traits and the divergence of Eastern
           and Western cultures: association with Hofstede’s cultural dimensions

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      Abstract: Abstract The divergence of Eastern and Western cultures signifies the two opposite, major branches that developed during human cultural evolution. While socioeconomic, historical, and geographical factors are thought to be responsible for this divergence, genetic factors may also contribute to the separation of Eastern and Western cultures. In an attempt to describe a potential biological basis for the differences between “Easterners” and “Westerners”, SNPs that were associated with personality/behavioral traits, were interrogated in different populations worldwide. For some but not all SNPs examined, a high correlation in their allelic frequencies in different racial groups was detected. Those that exhibited the highest difference in allelic frequencies between East Asians and European ancestry populations, were all highly correlated in pairwise comparisons and corresponded to traits that are aligned with typical characteristics that are thought to underscore Western and Eastern cultures. Genetic loci associated with these SNPs included CTNNA2 (rs7600563), OXTR (rs53576) LINC00461 (rs3814424) MTMR9 (rs2164273) and WSCD2 (rs1426371) that have been linked to excitement seeking, empathy, the perception of loneliness, conscientiousness, and extraversion. Among them, variations especially in LINC00461 in different populations correlated significantly with Hofstede’s cultural dimensions indices of the different countries. These findings highlight the potential role of genetic factors in cultural evolution and suggest that genetic differences may contribute to the divergence of Eastern and Western cultures.
      PubDate: 2022-02-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-022-00107-2
       
  • Culture points the moral compass: Shared basis of culture and morality

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      Abstract: Abstract The present work reviews moral judgment from the perspective of culture. Culture is a dynamic system of human beings interacting with their environment, and morality is both a product of this system and a means of maintaining it. When members of a culture engage in moral judgment, they communicate their “social morality” and gain a reputation as a productive member who contributes to the culture’s prosperity. People in different cultures emphasize different moral domains, which is often understood through the individualism-collectivism distinction that is widely utilized in cultural psychology. However, traditional morality research lacks the interactive perspective of culture, where people communicate with shared beliefs about what is good or bad. As a consequence, past work has had numerous limitations and even potential confounds created by methodologies that are grounded in the perspective of WEIRD (i.e., Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic) cultures. Great attention should be paid to the possibly misleading assumption that researchers and participants share the same understanding of the stimuli. We must address this bias in sampling and in the minds of researchers and better clarify the concept of culture in intercultural morality research. The theoretical and practical findings from research on culture can then contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms of moral judgment.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-022-00106-3
       
  • The relationship between five cultural values and neuropsychological test
           performances in an ethnically diverse group in the UK

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      Abstract: Abstract Cultural perspectives of neuropsychology proposes that test instruments reflect cultural values held by different societies. However, there is a lack of studies that tests such assumptions, making this relationship unclear. This is a first study to examine whether different cultural values would uniquely predict the performances of neuropsychological tests. Cultural values were defined using Hofstede’s framework of cultural values, and we included neuropsychological measures commonly found in clinical practice. Two hundred and four healthy participants of diverse ethnic backgrounds were included in the study. Five neuropsychological measures were used covering working memory, attention, verbal fluency, verbal memory, and processing speeds. The Cultural Values Scale measured five dimensions of Hofstede’s cultural values. Hierarchical regressions revealed that higher long-term-orientation predicted the better performance on Digit Span Backwards and phonetic fluency. This suggests that values of perseverance or future planning may manifests on tests of working memory and executive functions. Whereas higher uncertainty avoidance predicted lower performance on Digit Span Backwards. Lower tolerance toward ambiguity during testing procedures could have resulted in anxiety, thus affect working memory processes. These results suggest that long-term-orientation and uncertainty avoidance could be associated with processes within executive functions, especially if these are subjected to verbal assessments. Future studies should confirm these findings with other neuropsychological measures and recruit a wider range of clinical and non-clinical populations. Limitations of the study are discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-021-00105-w
       
  • Bilingual digit and number word processing in a parity judgment flanker
           task

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      Abstract: Abstract Numbers are particularly interesting as they can be presented in different notations, for example, they can be represented as numerical digits or words. Moreover, many cultures around the world have different writing systems for representing number. Thai uses a more traditional Thai number system in conjunction with Arabic numbers. In the current study, we investigated the processing of numerical digits and words in unbalanced Thai-English bilinguals using a numerical parity judgment task. The flankers occurring on either side of the target were either congruent or incongruent with the target digit or word. In Experiment 1, we investigated the effects of Arabic digit and Thai digit flankers on English and Thai target number words and in Experiment 2, the effects of English and Thai number word flankers on Arabic and Thai digit targets. In Experiment 1, we found an interference effect from Thai digit flankers on Thai numerical words and in Experiment 2, an interference effect for Arabic digits from Thai word flankers. These results suggest that the first language is playing a greater contributing role than the second language and that numerical notation format contributes to the effect. Proficiency in the second language is likely to moderate this effect.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00097-z
       
  • Culture and extrinsic moral motives: comparisons of Japan residents and
           Japanese sojourners in individualistic and loose countries

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      Abstract: Abstract Dominant theories assume that moral judgments reflect the individual’s personal beliefs, but cross-cultural findings on morality suggest that people in collectivistic and tight cultures may rely on social expectations to evaluate morally relevant actions. Moreover, moral attitudes are flexible, and people may adapt moral values in line with what the members of the host culture value. In the current research, self-construal, tightness-looseness, and extrinsic moral motives (perceptions that moral acceptability of a given action is something that people are expected to go along with others) were investigated. Japan residents who had never been abroad (n = 73) and Japanese sojourners in individualistic and loose cultures (the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy; n = 50) participated. Results showed that compared with Japan residents, Japanese sojourners reported lower extrinsic moral motives on morally relevant actions concerning communal values. Cultural tightness, but not self-construal, mediated the relationship between culture and extrinsic moral motives ratings. Among sojourners, assimilation and cultural tightness predicted higher extrinsic moral motives ratings, whereas length of residence negatively predicted the motives. These results show that people in tight cultures may make moral judgments based on what is perceived as socially appropriate, but not on what is personally important. Also, the research highlights the importance of considering the role of extrinsic moral motives in shaping moral judgments.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00095-1
       
  • 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and impulsivity under punishment: a
           gene × culture interaction

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      Abstract: Abstract A previous Japanese study has shown that the short (s) allele of the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR), implicated in higher sensitivity to aversive stimuli, may promote motor inhibitory control in conditions where impulsivity is punished. The present study conducted in Australia replicates this Japanese study to examine if culture modulates the observed gene–behaviour link. Japan has a tight culture, where norm adherence and low impulsivity are emphasised. In contrast, Australia is a loose culture, where deviation from norms is tolerated to a greater extent. We therefore expected that the s-allele carriers’ strong motor inhibitory control in aversive conditions might be weaker in Australia than in Japan. Ninety-eight second-generation Australians of East Asian heritage, including 53s/s-allele carriers, 32s/l-allele carriers and 11l/l-allele carriers, participated in the reward/punishment-go/nogo task. As expected, s/s carriers in Australia, compared with their peers in Japan, showed higher impulsivity when inappropriate responding was punished (i.e. punishment-nogo conditions) but lower impulsivity when appropriate non-responding was rewarded (i.e. reward-nogo conditions). In contrast, the behaviours of the Australian s/l-allele carriers were similar to those of their Japanese counterparts. The results suggest that the larger context of culture that provides behavioural norms should be considered when examining gene × environment interaction.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00098-y
       
  • Gender effects in personality: a cross-cultural affective neuroscience
           perspective

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      Abstract: Abstract Despite enormous progress in understanding the neuroscientific elements that underpin the basic emotions, far less attention has been paid to individual differences. The Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) aim to measure these universally-shared subcortical affective systems on which personality is built: CARE, PLAY, SEEK, SADNESS, FEAR and ANGER. Gender differences have been reported in several previous ANPS studies, but no systematic review of these findings has yet been conducted. The present study reviewed ANPS gender effects in 15 countries: (from West to East) Canada, U.S.A., Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Norway, Poland, Serbia, Turkey, Russia, China, Hong Kong, and Japan. The total sample size was N = 6500, composed of 38% males and 62% females. The mean age for the total sample was 26 years. The results showed that gender differences on the ANPS were variable, for different classes of basic emotions. These categories included emotions on which females scored universally higher (CARE and SADNESS); emotions that showed variability based on geography (FEAR and PLAY); and emotions that showed virtually no gender effect (SEEKING and ANGER). These findings can be interpreted in the light of biological universals, geographical variation caused by genetics, and cultural variation in emotion expression and regulation. The results were broadly consistent with gender effects reported in the Big Five personality literature, including a trend of gender differences increasing when moving from 'East' to 'West'. The paper reviews a range of suggestions for future research, including cultural data, genomic data and/or culture-gene interactions.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-021-00099-5
       
  • The default mode network in self- and other-referential processing: effect
           of cultural values

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      Abstract: Abstract Growing evidence shows culture-related differences in brain activity during self- and other-referential tasks. However, the effect of individual endorsement of cultural values on connectivity of the default mode network (DMN), the primary network associated with self-referential processing, during self- and other-referential tasks is virtually unexplored. We used self-report questionnaires to measure independent and interdependent self-construal and investigated the effect of cultural values on DMN functional connectivity during self and other trait adjective judgment task. The observed associations show that the endorsement of individualist values predisposes to a greater DMN involvement during self-processing and to its lesser involvement during close-other-processing, whereas the endorsement of collectivist values predisposes to a less active DMN engagement in self-processing and to its greater engagement in other-processing. This is in line with the notion that DMN is not specialized for self-processing, but rather is involved in more general cognitive processing related to social cognition and the degree of its involvement in self- versus other-processing is moderated by cultural value system.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00094-2
       
  • Neural underpinnings of the role of dialecticism in processing positive
           emotions

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      Abstract: Abstract Previous findings suggest that dialecticism leads to the emphasis of negative aspects of positive emotions and the down-regulation of positive emotions in cultures having a background strong in dialecticism. However, there is little neurological evidence linking dialecticism and positive emotion processing. In the present study, we examined the relationship between dialecticism and positive emotion processing with event-related brain potentials. The results showed that (1) P2, P300, LPP 600–1000 and LPP 1000–1500 were larger for positive emotion in social context stimuli as compared to positive emotion stimuli. (2) P300 and LPP 300–600 in all conditions were found to be negatively correlated with the scores of dialecticism. People with higher dialecticism scores had smaller P300 and LPP 300–600 amplitudes during processing of different positive emotional stimuli. The results provide neurological evidence that dialecticism influences the experience of positive emotions and affects how positive emotions are processed. Further implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-021-00104-x
       
  • Inter-brain EEG connectivity in hyperscanning for Italian and French
           gestures: the culture-related nonverbal language

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      Abstract: Abstract In each culture, non-verbal communication is characterized by the use of conventional gestures. The present study aimed to investigate the neural correlates underlying a non-verbal interaction between encoder and decoder characterized by the use of different gestures in Italian and French cultures. Specifically, interagents’ cortical activity was recorded with the use of electroencephalography (EEG) in hyperscanning. From results, different cortical modulation and inter-brain connectivity emerged regarding the types and valence of gestures, the interagents’ role and the culture of belonging. The present research has shown cultural differences concerning gestures’ type and valence, highlighting brain synchronization in same culture’s individuals.
      PubDate: 2021-07-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-021-00103-y
       
  • Neural representations of visual aesthetic experience (VAE): a
           meta-analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract The present study intended to investigate the generic nature of visual aesthetic experience. Researchers have not agreed upon what constitutes visual aesthetic experience, and the present study proposed that visual aesthetic experience is comprised of at least two components: enhanced visual processing and positive emotional and reward experience. We applied a general activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis to 42 functional magnetic resonance imaging experiments described in 37 published studies. The general activation likelihood estimation revealed activation in the left orbitofrontal cortices and bilateral anterior cingulate cortex, which was thought to be related to emotional and reward processes, and activation in the right fusiform gyrus. In addition, a conjunction analysis of passive viewing tasks and tasks with explicit instructions showed activation in the anterior cingulate cortex/orbitofrontal cortex, and contrast analysis revealed stronger activation in the anterior cingulate cortex/orbitofrontal cortex during the passive viewing task without explicit instructions to make aesthetic evaluations, suggesting that stronger emotional experiences occur under such conditions. A conjunction analysis of groups with different cultural backgrounds showed activation in the ventral anterior cingulate cortex/orbitofrontal cortex, suggesting that there are universal cultural components of visual aesthetic experience. Together, our findings complement the existing literature by including all kinds of visual stimuli that could induce an aesthetic experience in the viewer and contributes to our understanding of aesthetics by showing that it involves enhanced visual sensation and positive emotional and reward experience.
      PubDate: 2021-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-021-00102-z
       
  • 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and cross-cultural adaptation: the role of
           relational openness as a mediator

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      Abstract: Abstract Prior evidence suggests increased social interaction anxiety among carriers of the short (s) allele of the serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5-HTTLPR), relative to the long (l) allele carriers. According to gene-culture coevolution hypothesis, the collectivistic norm of lower levels of relational openness (i.e., lesser inclinations to meet new people) and 5-HTTLPR s allele co-evolved under the environmental pressure of high pathogen prevalence. We examined if the 5-HTTLPR s allele and low relational openness are associated at the levels of the society and the individual. In Study 1, we found across 21 countries, those with a higher prevalence of the l allele of 5-HTTLPR (L%) tend to be higher in relational mobility. In Study 2, 303 international students were genotyped, and questionnaires examined their personal tendencies during their cross-cultural adaptation process. The s allele carriers (s/s homozygotes & s/l heterozygotes) were found to have higher relational openness than the non-carriers (l/l homozygotes). Moreover, 5-HTTLPR was found to have an indirect effect on cross-cultural adaptation and cultural diversity in friendship networks, mediated by relational openness. Those lower in relational openness encountered more challenge in adapting to the new country and developed friendship networks that were culturally less diverse. Together, the findings imply the gravity of relational openness as a confluence of gene-culture coevolution, with key importance for social networks and the newcomers’ cross-cultural adaptation in the multicultural environment.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00092-4
       
  • Culture and priming in the perception of facial emotion,
           self-representation and thought: Brazil and United States

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      Abstract: Abstract Cultural approaches focused on the influences of individualist and collectivist norms describe the relationship between an individual and his or her social surroundings. The current study had a twofold purpose. The primary goal was to investigate whether Brazilians, like other collective peoples, displayed more group self-representations, categorized items more relationally and paid more attention to context than Americans. A secondary concern was to investigate if counter-cultural primes played a role in activating either collective or individual selves. Both American (n = 100) and Brazilian (n = 101) participants were assigned either to a no-prime condition or a counter-cultural prime condition and then were asked to rate emotion cartoons, categorize items, complete the Twenty Statement Test, and choose a representative object. As expected, unprimed Brazilian participants displayed more collectivist patterns on emotional and cognitive tasks than Americans. However, Brazilians offered more individualist self-representations than American participants. Priming only had a marginal effect on item categorization. These findings, along with the strengths and limitations of this study and suggestions for future research, are discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00090-6
       
  • Where to draw the line: honor mindset increases retaliation in response to
           unfair behavior

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      Abstract: Abstract Past research has linked honor to a higher tendency for retaliation. A common method is to compare groups that are either low or high in honor. While effective, this does not account for within-group variation, nor isolate honor as a distinct construct from alternative differences between groups that might affect the outcome. In the current study we investigated honor as a cultural mindset, using priming methodology in both Dutch participants (who are typically low in honor endorsement) and Dutch-Turkish and Dutch-Moroccan participants (who are typically high in honor endorsement), while controlling for trait endorsement of honor values. To quantify retaliation, we used two social dilemmas: presenting an unequal offer in the Ultimatum Game, and chips being taken in the Justice Game. The results showed that priming honor resulted in an increased willingness to pay for punishment in the Justice Game, but not higher rejection in the Ultimatum Game. This suggests that unfairness by itself is not sufficient to trigger retaliation; rather, a pronounced transgression is required—in this case something being taken what is considered rightfully yours. Furthermore, decision-making in both social dilemmas was not associated with cultural background or honor endorsement. This indicates that an honor mindset needs to be salient to affect decision-making, and can affect behavior over and above the endorsement of honor values.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00093-3
       
  • Horizontal and vertical perceptual asymmetries for the grayscale task in
           healthy Japanese young adults

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      Abstract: Abstract The grayscale task requires participants to make forced-choice luminance judgments of two mirror-reversed luminance gradients. Neurologically healthy left-to-right readers in Western countries, show strong leftward and upward attentional biases in the horizontal and vertical conditions, respectively. In this study, we examined the grayscale task performance of young adults whose native language was Japanese, a language with complex writing rules including changes in the directionality of reading. Additionally, we examined the effects of sex, handedness, and hand used. Half (64 men and 64 women) of the participants included in this study were left-handed. Participants were administered a paper version of the grayscale task in horizontal and vertical conditions. As with left-to-right readers, respective leftward and upward biases were observed in the two conditions. The main effects of sex, handedness, and hand used and the possible interactions among the three variables were non-significant for either condition. The results of this study can be used as basic data for the application of this task to clinical and analog research in neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders in Japan.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00096-0
       
  • Neural responses to facial and vocal displays of emotion in Japanese
           people

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      Abstract: Abstract To obtain further evidence to support spontaneous attention to vocal tones in Japanese, in this study, we developed a new set of stimuli, including positive and negative emotions, and investigated responses to facial and vocal displays of emotion by using behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) measurements. Japanese participants either judged face as pleasant or unpleasant while ignoring the attendant voice or judged vocal tone as pleasant or unpleasant as while ignoring the attendant face. As predicted, an interference effect by to-be-ignored information, which was computed by subtracting accuracy for incongruous face-voice stimuli from accuracy for congruous ones, was greater in face judgments than in voice judgments, suggesting an attentional bias for vocal tone. Moreover, corresponding to this pattern in accuracy, a positive ERP occurring at approximately 200 ms after the onset of the stimulus (called P2) was more likely to be elicited by incongruous stimuli than by congruous ones, and the difference in P2 amplitude was greater in face judgments than in voice judgments. A negative ERP occurring relatively late in the processing (called N400) was also more likely to be elicited by incongruous stimuli than by congruous stimuli; however, the size was not significantly different between these judgments. Our findings are the first to provide evidence that Japanese pay spontaneous attention to emotional vocal tones over emotional faces at behavioral and neural levels.
      PubDate: 2021-05-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-021-00101-0
       
  • Distressed but happy: health workers and volunteers during the COVID-19
           pandemic

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      Abstract: Abstract During the COVID-19 outbreak, many people rose to the occasion by engaging in volunteerism and health work. We conducted two nationwide surveys in the United States (n = 2931) and China (n = 2793) assessing volunteers’ and health workers’ levels of mental distress and happiness. In spite of data being collected at different phases of the COVID-19 outbreak and across two different cultures, the results converged. Volunteers and health workers reported higher mental distress (e.g., depression, anxiety, somatization) than the comparison group. However, volunteers and health workers also reported more happiness than the comparison group. More importantly, in a follow-up in China (n = 1914) one month later, health workers still reported heightened happiness but were no longer more distressed than the comparison group. The changes in distress were partially mediated by happiness at the first time point, pointing to the potential role of happiness in coping with distress. In sum, the emotional landscape of volunteers and health workers was complicated—they experienced higher distress but also higher happiness than comparison groups. Future research would do well to include longer follow-up periods to examine how experiencing happiness during highly stressful situations predicts mental health over time.
      PubDate: 2021-05-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-021-00100-1
       
 
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